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ii|ilipiiiai|ii:g';|;:ia 





Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

University of Toronto 



http://www.archive.org/details/rodguncan12cana 



Z^ ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



■^ 



1641 



ROD AND GUN 



/ '^ 



IN CANADA 






Volume XII 




- 


June 1910 to May 1911 






INDEX 


># 


1911 






Woodstock, Ontario. 






\V. J. TAYLOR, Limited, Publisher. 





1642 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

A 

Alberta Duck 8hoot, Incidents of an E. F. Baines 62 

Alpine Club of Canada: 

Mr. Wheeler 'a Position 125 

^ Y^ The Camp rrogranime 126 

, The (Qualification Climb of Mt. lluber 1. M. Dollas 240 

'J'he Camj) of 1910 Bev. T. G. Wallace, M. A. 550 

Annual Moetinjj 554 

Au Interview with a Veteran Mountain Climber Hcv. T. G. Wallace, M. A. 692 

The Ascent of Mount ]:5aker Dr. Artlmr L. Kendell 804 

V ■ Another Attempt on Mount Robson 810 

The Journey to tlie Camp liev. T. G. Wallace 947 

^ h ' ' The Club's Annual 953 

! Club Notes 1214 

First Ascent of Mount Babel Mi mix. rs of the Party 1344 

Alpine Club Notes 1346 

Graduation Climb of Mount Temple, The lirv. W. G. Martin 1468 

Notes 1474 

A Playground of the World 1584 

Summary of the Director 's Report 1590 

Meeting of the Winnipeg Members 1594 

Alberta, A Day After Sheep in A. N. Coicdry 196 

Alberta Provincial Tournament 452 

Awakening, The Walter L. Shurtell 623 

Autumn, Ballade of Stolehj S. Fisher 517 

Alberta, After the Trout in WiJliam C. Fry 796 

Alberta, Shooting and Fishing in Northern J, S. Chamberlain 914 

Algonquin Park, The Future of the 918 

Algonquin Park, a Snowshoe Trip Through G. W. Barllett 1137 

Alberta Game Laws, Amending 1156 

Alberta, A Big Game Hunt in Bert W. Pierson 1292 

Alberta, Shooting Prairie Chickens in E. M. Allivorth 1429 

Airedale Terrier," The '. .p. Baicden 1431 

Alberta, With Rod and Gun in Southern , Pi. B. Lemon 1551 

B 

Bait, a Change of j, e. McCrea 27 

Bear, Hunt, A Successful Grizzly • C. Percy Plaxton 222 

Bison, The American 528 

Bear, Outwitted by a 532 

British Columbia, Big Game Hunting in J. C. Morrison, B.D.S. 637 

Baldwin Camp Lamp, The ggg 

British Columbia Coast, Hunting on the Captain JR. K. Scarlatt 753 

^fl^'A'l ^°1""'^^=* Waters, Christmas Day on Bonnycastle Bale , 879 

912 
920 



Big One, A a t> r> i 

Bear Hunt. An Unsuccessful ^^^ 

British Columbia, Duck Shooting in WnVnlJl hr^in ino7 

British Columbia. A Winter's Beer Hunt in ""^ ?%^ i?ll 

3ass, A Champion Black M 4 w lifiS 

British Columbia Coast, Brant Shooting ,.n the r 4 Porter 1170 

Bass. The Small-Mouthed ^- ^- ^'''*^' ^ J'? 

Buck, Snow Trailing a White-Tail '. ,|- ' j^:,.,,;; w./.^ ^fj. 

British Columbia. Hunting the Mule Deer in n Z t ]fJ. 

Bear Chase, The V "i^ \, r, 

Big Game. Settlers' Rights to "^^ ^- ^''^''^'' ^^^^ 

Bear. A Trapped 'r^ ■ ' tt' ' V. ' " "^^^^ 

Bass. Big Black, in Fished out Waters' .■.'.■ :.:: .' w' tTt ^^ JfJ? 

Black Bass Fishing rV "1 ".V ' >.' " ^'''''P ^'^~^ 

Big Game Problen7s. Our Charlotte Carson Talcott 1542 

Bird. To Bring Down an Overhead' Incoming ''' ^'<=^''>'' 1563 

British Columbia Mountain Streams, Fishing and ^^^n^ '\^^.'. .'.'.'. \\\\\\\\'\\\gil^^ \^^l 

c 

Conservation of Fish and Game tj, x-v i.- «^ 

Canada ^ Vatural Re-sources; The Doctrine of Conservation Expounded 106 

( over Illustration, our— The French River pounuea luo 

Canada 's National Parks Hi 

422 



ROD AXD GUX IX C AX ADA 1643 

Cape Breton as a Tourist Kesort 420 

Canadian Indian Meet at Niagara-ou-the-Lake 443 

Canoe, The Rest Cure in a Wanderer 619 

Catfish, The Toothsome Cole Williams 763 

Call of the Wihl. The Black Donald 769 

Canadian Exploration Trip by Canoe, A Jf. M. Thompson, M.D. 770 

Call of the Moose, The B. G. Hitchcock 775 

Cape Breton Coast. Fishinjj on the Jose/ih L. Carter 922 

Canada 's Famous Racing Skipper C. H. J. Snider 930 

Caribou Head, A Fine Vr. A. B. Welford 1038 

Chase, in Civilization, The Lure of the F. B. Bond 1147 

Caribou, The Land of the W. Douglas Wilkes 1151 

Caribou, The Rare 12S9 

Canoe Song, A John J. 2IcMurraii . . 1539 

D 

Ducks. A Day with the Wm. Carrell 78 

Dogs, Some Good C. W. Yoinifj 211 

Diary of a Canoeing Trip Eev. W. C. Gai/nor 490 

Duck and Chicken Shooting on the Prairie P- E. Backe 524 

Deer, llow to Carry out the C. A. Fleming 654 

Dominion Tournament at Montreal 716 

Deer Hunt. The Late IViUiam Pittman Lett 776 

Deer, How to Carry out the William Pratt 820 

Dog's Story, My R. S. D. 910 

Day 's Journey to the Wilds, A Myrle Cameron 1018 

Duck, A Rare 1037 

Dog, The Coon J. W. Gilchrist 1192 

Deer in an Ammunition Park 1282 

Ducks, The Conservation of the J. A. McKenzie 1290 

Ducks and Motors 1 ^^^ 

Deer, A Tame White Tail L5o6 

Ducks, The Conservation of the Forest Conover 1578 

Ducks, Conservation of the Widgeon 1596 

E 

Exploration Trips in the Backwoods 28 

Exploring the Severn River; A Long Canoe Trip in One Day J. L. C. 58 

Evening Chorus, The J- E- McCrea 498 

Eaton 's New \ acht, Mr. J. C 544 

European and American Hunting Methods Dr. Edward Breck 903 

Engine for the Winter, Laying np the J- S. G. Shaw 1054 

Homesteader, Experiences of a Woman Mrs. D. P. Dyar 15S2 

F 

Fishing (good) Despite the Weather W. Hickson 48 

Ferret, In Defence of the -^ rchie Hebert 66 

Forrest Problems, Our James Dickson, 0. L. S. 216 

Fish and Game Protective Policy. The Ontario Report 310 

Fishin 's Good '. S. Rupert Broadfoot 506 

Fisherman, My Little Eilla Dunlop Nease 522 

Fish, Returning to the Water 800 

Fishin ', Trout J- J- Enman 902 

Fishing Fever, The Fitful C. C. Talcott 906 

Fish Story. A Good Dorothy E. Tobey 913 

'Fish, Returning to the W^ater J"- -4. Hope 1051 

Foxes. Raising for Profit ILI^ 

French River. Fishing and Camping on the ^- S- S. 1393 

Fish. Returning to the Water TT. Hudson 1446 

Flight. The Speed of l-^^^ 

French River. A Big Maskinonge From the F. E. Day 1562 

Fish Story, A True ^- ^- (^''<^'9 1576 

G 

Goose (Wild) Intelligence and Peculiarities of the Jack Miner 37 

Grouse. Shooting with an Alder Gun W. H. Starratt 507 

Grizzlies, The Greatest of Told by August Wolf 664 

Goose. The Old Gray J- G. McArthur 794 

Gamester 's Call. The ^oni C. Bailey 909 



l644 ROD AND GUx\ IN CANADA 

Grand Trunk '9 London Officea 980 

Grand Trunk Pacific, Along the Line of the A Pioneer Journalist 1157 

Georgian Bay, A Family Cruise to J- Shane NichoUs 1177 

Guns, 20 Bore ^»»^'« Trigger 1311 

Game Law Restrictions, Dr. Hornaday on 1572 

H 

Huron 'b Lake, Shore on Owen Soundian 194 

Homesteader, Experiences of a Woman— And Adventure with a Timber Wolf .!>. P. Dyar 228 

Hunt a Morning's Still ^- ^- Webster 538 

Hunter, A Youthful C. E. & J. C. Mann 642 

Hunter 's Luck, A Stroke of W. G. Eankm 766 

Hunt of 1909. At the Merry time Hunt Club One of the Party 779 

Hawk, A Defence of the . ." 802 

Homes of Our Boyhood, The Sev. W. C. Gaynor 884 

Hauling out for the Winter S. S. Scott 938 

Hermit Thrush. Lines to the C. W. McLeod 1031 

Hunting Trip, Our Fine The Doctor 1049 

Hamilton Winter Tournament 1234 

Hudson Bay, By Canoe to Dr. Luther Harvey 1265 

I 

"Ideal" Man, The 100 

■ Indian Summer, The Spirit of Arthur E. Ormandy 765 

In Memory of Old Grouse L. G. C. 1011 

Indians Were Frightened, How the Pioneer 1023 

Ice Boat, an Improved W. M. Stanbrough 1198 

Interior Arrangements of the Open Boat, Regarding E. D. G. 1082 

J 

Joys of Nature, The J. It. McCrea 226 

K 

Kawarthas, a Beauty Spot of the Mrs. Katharine 'Loughlin 426 

Keswick, A Wandering Bull of the D. W. Clinch 477 

Kettle River Valley B. C, Deer Hunting in Nimrod 1012 

Keturah and the Bear or an Imparshul Female Beginald Gourlay 1042 

Kaiser 's Hunt, The 1318 

L 

'Lunge Fishing in Lake St. Francis C. W. Young 22 

Labrador Sports; The Passing of the Dogs Dr. TV, T. Grenfell 68 

Lure of the Wild F. W. Wallace 178 

Lynx, That So-Called Terrible Louis F. Angnstin 982 

Laurier, The Chateau 1080 

Laurentians, A Fishing Trip in the W. E. Allison 1540 

M 

Misconceptions; The Landgrave of Hesse's Game List L. 0. Armstrong 54 

Medicine Bag. Our. .86. 250, 430. .-,60. 702. 822. 956. 10S4, 1220, 1354. 1480, 1598 

Manitoba Provincial Tournament ' 455 

Medicine. Valley of the '.'.'. '.Dorothy ' Patrick Dyar 503 

Moose, Bringing up a Couple of 513 

Mountain Lion. Hunting the V.C." ff." Deutschmann 652 

Muskoka, Big Game Hunt A p. j, Boothe 663 

Moose Hunt. A Successful w. Edwin Troup 668 

Muskies, A Fine Catch of 394 

Muskoka, A Vacation Camping Trip in . . .M. M. 895 

Manitoba, A Day with the Chickens in George Harper 911 

^®"^f""'P3 '.J. G. McArthur 1017 

Moose that Didn 't Get Away. The Big Eev. George Wood 1025 

Manitoba. The Birds of p. m. Matheson 1035 

Moose — Black-Tail Deer A jg-_ jp- £■ jo41 

Magnetawan. A Canoe Trip Down the '.'n. W. Nicholson 1043 

Manitoba. Game in 1060 

Muskrats, Hunting i^' Ontario Trapper 1210 

Manitoba, The Game Laws of 1320 

Moose Bird, In the Land of the [][ whliamj. Malone 1521 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 1645 
N 

I\"eNV Brunswick, Hunting and Fishing in 43 

Natural Eesources, Canada's; The Doctrine of Conservation Expounded 106 

Near to the Heart of Nature Dick 179 

New Brunswick, Salmon Fishing in D. W. Clinch 207 

New Brunswick, Bear Hunt A John Farquhar 236 

New Brunswick, A Favored Section of X. Y. Z 547 

New Brunswick, Hall 's Lake D. King Hazen 658 

New Brunswick, Fishing in Walter Greaves 686 

Nova Scotia Guides ' Sports Festival 690 

New Brunswick Tournament 739 

November Eain IV. E. Fhillips 758 

New Brunswick, Moose Hunting in John Farquhar 759 

New Brunswick Canoe Trip A Stephen B. Bustin 885 

Niagara Peninsula, Pheasant Shooting in the ff. Moshier 1048 

Nova Scotia, With the Ducks and Snipe in James T. Egan 1164 

Nemesis, The Wires of S- Rupert Broadfoot 1176 

New Brunswick Woods, In the W. G. Eankin 1298 

New Brunswick, Big Game Conditions in Adam Moore 1314 

North American Fish and Game Protective Association 1334 

Nova Scotia, With the Shell Ducks and Whistlers of Chester Bay. . . .Lionel R. Lordly 1424 

Nova Scotian Guides in session 1478 

o 

Opinions, Other People 's 84, 

Ontario Report The, Fish and Game Protective Policy 310 

Ontario Game and Fisheries Commission 1909-10 A. Kelly Evans 315 

Ontario, Western, Trapshooters ' League 460 

Ontario, A Wild Goose Hunt in Old Sharpshooter 540 

Ontario, Deer Hunting in Northern Capt. R. F. Carter 624 

Ontario, A Strenuous Moose Hunt in New Dr. J. W. Marshall 643 

Ontario, An October Holiday in Prince Edward County Wm. Carrell 676 

Ontario, A Successful Deer Hunt in Old Jessie A. Cole 777 

Ontario, Our Holiday Trips in C. M. Vail 898 

Ontario, Old Time Stories of Old Mrs. John McNeice 924 

Outfitting for the Backwoods Thos. J. Taylor 1007 

Ontario, Good Fishing and Hunting in Old E. T. Chase 1022 

Ontario Deer Hunt, A New H. Dresser 1062 

Ontario, A Fine Hunting Trip in Old -/. W. Morden 11721 

Ontario Fish and Game Revenues 1206 

Ontario Deer Hunt, A Northern T. W. Dontigny 1303 

Ontario Game and Fisheries Report 1434 

Ontario, Old Time Stories of Old James E. Orr 1439 

P 

Porcupine, What to do with the 122 

Pacific Coast from Vancouver, Up the Noel Grant 74 

Parry Sound, A Deer Hunt in C. H. McKenzie 534 

Pintail, The Capt. Gordon Boles 682 

Poesy Rev. A. L. Eraser 917 

Protection, i'lsh and Game, As a Practical Policy Joh7i A. Hope 1306 

Prince Edward Island, Fishing in P. E. Buck 1413 

Preservation ot Game, for the 1433 

Path of the Pioneer, The Walter Thurtell 1467 

Parks, Our Dominion 1557 

Q 

<3uebec. Three Weeks in the Forests of L. F. W. Seifert 3 

<3uebec Wilds, A Strenuous Fishing Trip in the H. Hollinsworth 382 

Quebec Duck Shooting. Experiences in M. G. McElhinney 504 

Quebec Preserve, A Fine Deer Hunt on a James Dounan 915 

Quebec Wilds, Fishing and Hunting in the Dr. J. G. Fulton 1162 

R 

Eideau Lakes Chain, Fishing on the J. A. Moriarty 230 

Red Gods Call, When the Lionel R. Lordly 499 

Rabbit Hunt, A Thanksgiving Dav H. W. Hunskery 542 

Rifle, The ' 598 

Rifle, on the Choice of a A Lover of Firearms 1204 

Rubaiyat of the Disciple of Izaak E. S. B. 1420 

Reel, The Silent Charles A. Snyder 1423 



\iya^ 



ROD AXU GLX IX CAXADA 



Silver Hliu', B.C. Tlio Valley of 

Sunitiier Moriiinjj, A 

Saskati-liewan. A Duv with the Ducks in 

Severn Hivr. Kxploriny the; A L..n>r Canoe Trip in One Day 
Sujterior, Lake. Canoein;; on. 
Superior, Lake. Canoeinj; on. 
StreJini. On the 



. .Urn. lilsie Spragge 
. . .Dorothy P. Vyar 

Muck 

[] J. L. C. 

|..,rt I ^'- ^- Jt>9bc<^ 

Part II ^^- <;• ^i:^^/' 

AVr. C. T. boston 

,,,,■. C. W. Young 

Saskatchewan, (iecse an.l Diu-ks in MrVeiah 

Shallow Water -^ 

Setters an<l Pointers 

Shootintj in the Marsh. A Dny *s 

Sfiskalchewan. Shooting Tinilicr Wolves in 

SeiTet.irv Hinl. The ^, ., r,^i„ 

Salish. the VounK of the Bonnycastle Dale 

Saskatchewan. A Day With the Antelope in 

St. John X. B. Canoe Trii>. The Fpper 

Saskatchewan. A Duck an.l W<.lf Hunt in «■ " ■ Jienson 

St. Louis, Duck Shooting on Lake ^'^^'^ ''>''<'"^ 

Sportsmen and dame Problems in Essex County ■ ■ ■ •; ; ■ ■ • • • ■ • • 

Sportsmen. The Ancient and Honorable Brotherhood of D. King Hazen 

Scion of Xobilitv, A Martai Hunter 

Shotgun, What Makes a Good Shooting F. M. Tolin 

Selkirks. In the Heart of the Mrs. E. Spragge 

Saskatchewan, Hunting the Elk in B. L. Clemons 



//. s. y. 

Lee S. CrandaU 



A. E. Duugtas 
Straw Hat 



15 
14 
45 
5S 

165 

390 

19:i 

■iSf> 

511 

51-i 

518 

633 

655 

749 
1030 
1032 
1047 
1053 
1098 
1283 
1454 
1462* 
1534 
1544 



Temagami, Canoe Trip in Fraser Eaney 186 

Trent Vallev Waterwav. The B. S. Donell 199 

Trade Note's ". 132. 268. 439. 577, 848. 992. 1116, 12.58, 1636 

Trap, The 13S. 274. 443. 560. 716. 854. 987, 1104. 1234. 1618 

Teal, The Green Winged Captain Gordon Boles 523 

Timber Lake, The Wild Cat of G. P. Egan 761 

Trapper and His Story, The Lone Ernest J. McVeigh 789 

Trapper 's Luck T. B. Agur 1190 

Trinity, A Lilla Dunlop Nease 1438 

Trout. Keeord 1541 



Vance. Joseph. Mr. and His Wild Animal Pets TT'. A. Bradley B A 35 

The Mink " ' ' ^^^ 

The Fox 378 

The Raccoon ,^. 

The Deer ^^ . 

Value of the Tourist Sportsman as a Means of Publicity for I'ndevelope'l 

*^'°""^^'' "• W. T. Bobson 146(5 



Wolf Bounty Fraud 
Wanderlust 



w 



Woodcock. The Wily ^^""-^"i^ i'"^"!"* 

Wild Duck To a Begmald Gourlay 

West, A Fisheries' Commission for"th"e V '. ™"^" ^^ ^''^''"^ 

W hirlp(...l Kaj>ids. Through the 

Western Fisheries ( 'omniission '. 

Woman Homesteider. The . . ri" Vi.'t^"^" 

Winter Whispers .^Dorothy P. Dyar 

Wnlvpa Ti,« i»^=f,' ',"• J Charlotte C. Talcott 

«oi\es. 1 Me I'estructiveness of . t ? w 

Wolves an.l Big Came '.'..'.'.■.'.■ ' ■. "'' 

Wolf. Strange Adventures With a iV rV ' i^i V/ '7 ' ' 

Winter Protection ..f (Jame Bir.ls ' ' ^^- ^'iV ^''^1,''^'"' 

Winter Dress for Big Game Hunters ^"''^ ^^'^'^ 

\N ing Shooting t " j "lif'TT- ' ■' 

Wolves in Algonquin Park. The . •^.ri'l- Hf^'''''' 

Wolves, The Destructiveness of ^Z, ^'>^'""''' 

Wolf, Game Problems and the tt^ t^-^c " 

i\ . J . Swanson 



82 

195 

515 

762 

795 

814 

919 

1167 

1285 

1330 

1352 

1425 

1427 

1432 

1448 

1560 

1567 

1568 



VOL. XII. No. 1 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

WOODSTOCK. ONT.. JUNE. 1910 



Contents for June, 1910 

Three Weeks in the Forests of Quebec L. F. W. Seifert 3 

A Summer Morning Dorothy P. Dyar 14 

The Valley of Silver Blue, B. G Mrs. Elsie Spragge 15 

'Lunge Fishing in Lake St. Francis C. W. Young 22 

A Change of Bait J. B. McCrea 27 

Notes on Exploration Trips in the Backwoods 28 

Mr. Joseph Vance and His Wild Animal Pets W. A. Bradley, B. A. 35 

Intelligence and Peculiarities of the Wild Goose Jacl: Miner 37 

Hunting and Fishing in New Brunswick; Description of a Fine Tenitory 42 

A Day with the Ducks in Saskatchewan Mack 45 

Good Fishing Despite the Weather Williavi Eiclcson 48 

Misconceptions; The Landgrave of Hesse's Game List L. O. Armstrong 54 

Exploring the Severn Eiver; A Long Canoe Trip in One Day J. L. C. 58 

Incidents of an Alberta Duck Shoot Edward T. Baines 62 

Conservation of Fish and Game .Thomas Eitchie 64 

In Defence of the Ferret Archie Hebert 66 

Labrador Sports: The Passing of the Dogs Dr. W. T. Grenfell 6S 

Up the Pacific Coast from Vancouver Noel Grant 74 

A Day With the Ducks Wm. Carrell 78 

Wolf Bounty Frauds 82 

Other People 's Opinions 84 

Our Medicine Bag 86 

The ' ' Ideal ' ' Man 100 

Canada's Natural Kesources: The Doctrine of Conservation Expounded 106 

What to do with the Porcupine 122 

Alpine Club of Canada : Mr. Wheeler 's Position 125 

The Camp Programme 126 

Trade Notes 132 

The Trap 138 



When Sending Change of Address Subscribers are Requested to Give the Old Address 

as Well as the New. 

Communicatious on all topics pertaining to fishing, shooting, canoeing, yachting, the kennel, amateur 
photography and trapshooting will be welcomed and published if possible. All communications must be 
accompanied by the name of the writer, not necessarily fur publication, however. 

Rod and Gun in Canada does not assume any i-esponsibility for. or necessarily endorse, any views ex- 
pressed by contributors to its columns. W. J. TAYLOR, Publisher, Woodstock, Ont. 
BRA^•CH OFFICES: 5 King St. W.. Toronto. Ont. HeraW Building, Montreal. Que. 

Outer Temple, 22.3-225 Strand, Loudon, W. C Eng. 5 Beeliman St., Temple Court. New York. N.Y. 
Entered Fell. 17. 1908. at the Post Office at Buffalo. N.Y., as second-class matter under Act of March 3,1908 




-* t 



♦ ♦ 



ROD AND GUN 

IN CANADA 




VOL. 12 



WOODSTOCK. ONT., JUNE. 1910 

Three Weeks in the Fc rests of Quebec 



NO. 1 



BY li. F. W. SEIFERT. 



DURING the latter part of Septem- 
ber, 1909, my friend, F. B. Guild, 
his guide, Cassius Le Moy, both 
from Lake Placid, N. Y., and my- 
self arrived at Hunters Point, Quebec, 
bound for our annual hunt on the Sas- 
eginega Club grounds. It had been ar- 
ranged among several of our club mem- 
bers, that we two should establish a com- 
fortable camp at B. L. Lake and there 
await the arrival of the rest of our friends 
who promised to be at the rendezvous 
about October fourth. 

At Hunters Point we spent a comfort- 
able night with Mr. Albert Jones, the 
proprietor of the trading station, where 
we bought our provisions, and early the 
next morning packed our canoes and 
paddled towards the portage for Ostab- 
aning Lake. 

For my special guide I had picked up 
an Indian, Jean, who had successfully 
guided some of our members on pre- 
vious occasions. 

The day looked threatening, dark 
clouds overhung the sky, and the wind 
began to ruffle the lake over which we 
glided. Soon we entered a narrow 

creek where we started a flock of shell 
drake and before I could grasp my gun, 
a couple of black ducks flew over our 
heads. Arriving at the portage we had 
to mend one of the boats, which was 
leaking badly. This caused quite a de- 
lay, so that it was near noon time when 
we arrived with our last load of duflfle 
at the end of the portage, at the foot of 
Ostabaning Lake. As we had a four- 



teen mile run ahead of us we concluded 
to have our lunch before starting; and 
a fire being quickly lighted, tea was 
made, and our simple meal soon finished. 

The boats had hardly entered the 
water, when it began to rain and the 
wind increased materially ; however the 
latter being in our favor we turned our 
rubber blankets into sails and using our 
paddles in addition skipped along very 
fast, and arrived at our destination two 
hours before schedule time. 

Our stopping place was the house of 
an Indian woman, Mrs. Mwanagren. As 
this name is somewhat hard to pro- 
nounce, the settlers call her Mrs. Henry, 
though I could never understand what 
relationship the two names have with 
each other. Mrs. Henry was not at 
home, but we knew where to find the 
key and without much ado were snugly 
lodged in her exceedingly clean and com- 
fortable house. We were all wet to the 
skin and thanked our good stars, that 
we had not been obliged to pitch a 
tent. 

Cassius Le Moy is not only an exper- 
ienced hunter and woodsman, but as well, 
an excellent cook and soon he had a 
bountiful supper on the table, which was 
certainly relished. We hung our wet 
clothes on washlines drawn diagonally 
across the room, and having dried and 
oiled our guns, we lit our pipes, Cassius 
brewed a hot punch, and thus we passed 
our first night out most comfortably. 
As it was still raining hard the next 
morning we were obl'ged to stay. Look- 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



ing towards tlie lake, we noticed some 
large jacksnipe and with our twenty-twos 
succeeded in adding our first game to our 
bill of fare. 

During the afternoon the weather 
cleared, but as it was too late to start 
on our journey we decided to examine 
the surrounding country for the track 
of big game. Guild started up Sasegin- 
ega River while I took Cherry Creek. 
We paddled silently along, watching and 
scrutinizing the banks very carefully; yet 
all the moose tracks we saw Jean pro- 
nounced several days old ; deer tracks 
we did not see. Arriving at some rapids, 
we thought it best not to carry our boat 
over the portage through the wet woods, 
and returned home for our fishing tackle 



"Moose!" and we saw a cow swimming 
towards the shore. Getting our cameras 
ready we paddled quickly towards her, 
expecting to get a picture as she came 
out of the water; however the distance 
was too great for a good view. 

Tlie upper part of Five Mile Lake is 
quite shallow and covered with sedge- 
weed and rushes out of which several 
flocks of black ducks started at our ap- 
proach, but we did not lose any time 
in hunting them, and entered Five Mile 
River, an ideal stretch of water, at places 
overhung by large trees, then widening 
out in rush covered bays surrounded bv 
numerous small ponds, from which we 
heard the "quack! quack!" of the black 
duck. 




Hunter's Point, Que. 



to provide some supper. I caught two 
large wall eyed pike and w^hen our friends 
returned, Jean had them cleaned and 
ready for the frying pan. Guild and 
Cassius had explored the creek as far as 
Five Mile Lake but had also failed to 
see any signs of large game. 

In the morning the sun was shining 
brightly and we were soon on our journ- 
ey. My boat happened to be in the lead 
and I bagged a duck for our dinner, which 
we had after crossing our second portage. 
Another short run brought us to beau- 
tiful Five Mile Lake. On its shore one 
of our club members has a stationarv 
camp. ^^ e passed on however, and be- 
gan to troll. Just after hauling in my 
second pickerel Guild called out, 



This is indeed the home for moose, 
otter, beaver, muskrats and ducks. Only 
one short portage interrupted our steady 
paddling. I had the good luck of shoot- 
ing a black duck and Guild a mink before 
we entered B. L. Lake, where we were 
greeted by the weird call of two loons. 
Several flocks of shell drake also helped 
to put some life into the quiet scene. Here 
we found an old lumber camp, and as the 
office was still in tolerably good condition 
decided to make it our temporary home. 
To me the house smelled musty and 
therefore I decided to pitch my tent near 
the sandy beach. 

Employed in driving in the stakes I 
sent Jean into the woods to get some 
balsam boughs, but he came back on a run 



THREE WEEKS IN THE FORESTS OF QUEBEC 



and told us of a covey of grouse in the 
balsams. Both Guild and I killed several. 
I noticed that one at which I had 
shot, flew into a tree some fifty yards 
from where I had fired. Surprised that 
I should have missed at such close range, 
I walked to the tree and fired again. In 
picking up and examining my bird I 
found that both bullets had gone entirely 
through the body, the first one not having 
killed outright. 

We now had our larder well filled and 
Cassius treated us to partridge stew, fried 
fish and roast duck ; we fell to with good 



ing no answer took to the woods and 
followed an old lumber trail. In follow- 
ing a trail or tramping through the bush 
I always carry my 351 Winchester auto- 
matic, the guide close at my heels hold- 
ing my little twenty-two. We soon 
found signs of wolves, no moose tracks 
however, and receiving no answer to our 
frequent calling decided to return to 
camp. On our way home I shot a cou- 
ple of partridges, two muskrats and a 
black duck. Guild came in with a bunch 
of partridges; he had seen some signs of 
moose but received no answer to calls. 




Leaving Civilization. 



appetites, but there was sufficient left for 
a bountiful breakfast. 

Next day was the first of October and 
Jean and Cassius provided themselves 
with birch bark moose calls. We started 
off in different directions. Guild and 
Cassius took to the woods and tramped 
towards two small lakes some two or 
three miles from camp, while we paddled 
down Five Mile Creek and entered the 
lake. 

We called for some time but receiv- 



All the next day we again paddled and 
tramped without success as far as moose 
was concerned, but caught a number of 
fine pickerel and J^jke instead. Towards 
evening Guild had three shots at otter, 
but as it was almost dark did not suc- 
ceed in bagging any of them. 

We attributed our failures in moose 
hunting to the condition of the woods, 
which were very wet owing to the con- 
tinual rain, which kept the moose from 
coming to the water; we also concluded, 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




that the frequent shooting at small game 
tended to scare them from the neighbor- 
hood of our camp. Guild therefore de- 
cided to hunt on Oscoe Lake located 
some distance from our headquarters. 

He started off with Jean leaving Cas- 
sius and myself in camp. We hunted 
and fished during the day and in the 
evening tried the nearby river again, but 
although I gave the most plaintive 
sounds on my moose horn no answer 
came and I retired early to my tent, 
leaving Cassius in the shanty busy mak- 
ing Johnny Cakes and doughnuts. 

I was awakened early by Cassius put- 
ting his head into the tent and informing 
me that our friends had not returned. 
At first I did not worry and when he be- 
gan to relate some stories of charging 
moose when boats had been in shallow 
water close to shore, I told him that 
nothing would please Guild any better 
than to have one in front of his 32 special, 
and that there would not be the slightest 
chance for Mr. Moose to reach the boat. 
However I also began to feel uneasy 
when another hour had passed without 
any sign of our friends, who had started 
without provisions; so I picked up my 
med'cine case, and after placing some 
food and whiskey into the boat, we start- 



ed to look for them. Both felt rather 
gloomy, but were relieved when we met 
them in Ant Lake which we reached 
after crossing a short portage. They had 
no moose but mighty good appetites and 
fell to on our provisions with great rel- 
ish. Having been overtaken by dark- 
ness before they were able to make a 
very hard portage they had to sit all 
night by a fire. Jean, Indian like, slept 
like a top, but Guild enjoyed little rest. 
He made up for his lost sleep after re- 
turning to camp, while I started with Jean 
on another expedition, but had to return 
on account of a drenching rain, bringing 
home only a few fish. 

Towards evening my three compan- 
ions started out again and I took charge 
of the kitchen and prepared a musk rat 
ragout. I was still busy at the fire 
when Guild's gun sounded through the 
woods and as I counted several shots in 
quick succession, followed by a single 
one about a minute later, I knew that the 
first moose was ours and that our diet 
would now be changed to moose steaks. 
Our hunters returned in good spirits 
having killed a fine bull with a spread of 
fifty-two inches. 

. Anyone who has been in the woods 
knows the change produced in camp 
when the first large game is taken ; every 
one is happy and so were we. We cele- 
brated the deed with several rounds of 
Cassius's justly celebrated punch, and 
while we were smoking our pipes, moose 
experiences were told away into the 
night. The next forenoon found us busy 
skinning, quartering, and taking pictures 
of the quarry, while in the afternoon the 
pots and frying pans were kept hot. 

It was now my turn to get a moose, 
but as I had made up my mind that it 
must be a very fine specimen with large 
bell and well webbed and even antlers or 
none, I was not in any hurry to shoot 
the first one that came along. As Guild's 
kill was sufficient to keep us in meat for 
weeks it was not necessary to kill for 
food. 

Towards evening I packed my little 
4^ pound hunting tent, a pot, a broiler, 
some provisions and blankets in my boat 
and started for Upper Birch Lake. We 
had to make three portages ; the first, a 



THREE WEEKS IN THE FORESTS OF OUEBEC 



short one, was to avoid some rapiis. 
I carried the duffle and Jean made up 
his mind to work the boat up the rauids, 
He succeeded in this and felt very proud, 
informing me, that sometime he would 
go down these rapids standing up in the 
boat. I remarked at the time, that I 
did not approve of such a performance, 
for if anything should happen it would 
make it very uncomfortable for me. Wc 
now crossed two more small lakes and 
finally portaged over an exceedingly 
rough carrry into Upper Birch Lake. In 
paddling around the Lake we found no 
moose tracks and as it threatened to rain, 
Jean went into the woods to find a suit- 
able spot for our tent. This was not so 
easy as the ground was very uneven lad 
covered with broken trees in all stages 
of decay. Finally he succeeded in clear- 
ing a space sufficient for tent and fire 
place, while I cut evergreens for bed- 
ding. We had not been any too quick 
for soon the rain came down in torrents, 
so that we had much trouble in keeping 
sufficient fire to make some tea and after 
disposing of our frugal supper, turned in, 
rolled into our 'blankets and went to 
sleep. It rained hard all night and it 
took an Indian like Jean to start a fire 
in the morning, for every piece of wjod 
was wet. Finally he got the fire agoing 
and managed to make a pot of tea and 
broiled some steak, Then, though we 
waited patiently for the rain to stop, it 
would not, and hour after hour brought 
no change, so the only thing to do, was 
to start back to camp. 

Before we reached the first carry we 
were drenched, and there more trouble 
was in store, for every branch was drip- 
ping, the wet leaves striking my face and 
I was unable to avoid them, encumbered 
as I was with two guns and my duffle 
bag. For two hours we were carrying 
and paddling while the rain never ceased 
and when we reached the rapids, Jean 
was in no humour to go down standing 
in the boat. 

At last we arrived in camp and found 
Guild and Cassius busy jerking meat, 
having started a fire in one of the empty 
sheds, where the rain did not interfere 
with their work. Cassius had made a 
kettleful of what he called soupstock, 




F. B. Guild, L. F. W. Seifert and Cassius. 

which proved to 'be a fine bouillon and 
went right to the spot. The rest of that 
day kept us busy drying our wet clothes, 
tent and blankets ; the latter held the 
water like a sponge, and as we needed 
them for the night, it took considerable 
turning and wringing to dry them. 

During former trips we had followed a 
little creek of which I forgot the name ; 
on its shore we had seen a fresh moose 
track, many beaver slides and signs of 
otter. Having landed we had followed 
for a short while a trail where we had 
noticed a bear's track. Jean had told me 
that this trail lead some four miles into 
the woods and terminated at a small 
pool formed by the creek. I now made 
up my mind to follow this trail and camp 
for a day or so at the pool. 

Entering the trail we soon found a 
fresh bear's track, then the track of a deer 
and many wolf tracks. The wolves hav- 
ing followed the deer, the trail was evid- 
ently much travelled by all kinds of game, 
for as we proceeded we found the signs of 
moose, bear and lynx. I shot some part- 
ridges and hung them, up on branches to 
take along on our return. To our fre- 
quent call'ng however, we received no 
answer from moose. We reached the 
pool in the afternoon, pitched our tent in 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



a little clearing and then started into the 
thicket. Jean called and was promptly 
answered, but the moose must have scent- 
ed us before we were able to get under 
the wind for we did not hear another 
sound. 

As it was now getting dark, and im- 
possible to see in the woods, we retraced 
our steps to camp. Jean was starting 
the fire when I heard the "quack! quack!" 
of a black duck in the pool ; the light was 
very poor, yet I saw it swimming under 
the alders and a lucky shot supplied us 
with broiled duck for our supper. 

All the afternoon Jean seemed some- 
what uneasy on account of the many 
wolf tracks. As a rule he was very quiet, 
seldom entering into any conversation. 
but now he spun wolf yarns by the yard ; 
how the wolves had chased him and his 
brother in winter time, and how they had 
kept them off with firebrands and that it 
was good policy to have a supply of birch 
bark and dry wood to start the fire up 
quickly. Yet in spite of his precautions 
I made up my mind to use no firebrands, 
but try to shoot one if good fortune 
should favor me with an opportunity. 
Jean always made it a rule when he went 
to sleep, to roll himself into his blanket, 
head, face and all. while I keep my face 
and right arm bare, my gun lying at 
my right side ready for an emergency. 

It may have been midnight, when sud- 
denly I awoke. "Huee! huee! huee !" 
it sounded from all quarters at the same 
time, quite close to the tent. I had never 
heard that wolves would come so close 
to camp at that time of the year, but 
wolves they were and I made up my 
mind to try a shot. The first thing I 
did was to make sure that Jean would not 
wake up. By placing my blanket in ad- 
dition to his own, over his head. I pre- 
vented him from hearing the howling, for 
T knew that he would certainlv have 
started the fire at once. T now crawled 
noiselessly to the edge of the tent and 
looking into the darkness thought that 
I might see the glitter of the:r eyes^ but 
though they were a few feet from me 
and I heard them running back and forth 
I never got sight of one. Finally they 
left and after waiting another half hour 
I went to sleep again. 



When I told Jean the next morning, 
he was quite surprised and wanted to 
know why I did not wake him, and after 
learning my reason, started at once to 
convince himself of the facts. Returning 
after a careful inspection, he told me, 
that there must have been eleven in the 
pack. How he came to that conclusion 
I do not know. He also said that he 
was not surprised that I did not get a 
shot and naively added '"Wolf too 
smart!" 

As it started to rain again we pulled 
up stakes and started for home, not al- 
together empty handed, for we brought 
along the partridges which we had hung 
on branches along the trail. 

As usual the camp was very comfort- 
able. After changing our wet clothes, 
we found a well appointed dinner on the 
table. It sounds like a fairy tale to talk 
about all the good things that Cassius 
had prepared, soup, fish, partridge stew, 
moose steak, stewed apples, mashed pota- 
toes and rice pudding. I am blessed 
w'it'h a good appetite 'but it was surpris- 
ing to see what an amount of food Jean 
was able to dispose of. the stomach of 
an Indian seems bottomless. 

Guild and Cassius started out to take 
some moose meat to Mr. Pratt's camp at 
Five Mile Lake for we expected that he 
had just arrived. They returned after 
dark and I retired to my tent. What 
was my surprise when Guild poked in his 
head next morning and told me that an 
Indian and one of Mr. Pratt's guides had 
arrived during the night with a telegram, 
requiring his immediate return home. Of 
course we decided t'hat he must go back 
At once. This was a great disappoint- 
ment for both of us, but it was unavoid- 
able and in less than half an hour they 
departed, promising to meet us on our 
way out at Birch Lake, should they re- 
ceive further information on their arrival 
at Mattawa. 

Now I was left alone with Jean^ en- 
cumbered with a camping outfit and pro- 
visions for four. I dreaded the portages. 
As we still expected some of our friends, 
we fixed up and tidied the camp, examin- 
ed our bear trap and then started for 
a trip to Oscoe Lake. We only took 



THREE WEEKS IN THE FORESTS OF OUEBEC 



provisions for two meals intending to re- 
turn the next day. 

After paddling- across three lakes and 
tramping over three portages of yvhich 
the last one was extremely rough, we 
arrived in the afternoon at Oscoe Lake. 
This is a fine sheet of water with many 
small bays and abounding in fish. Jean 
told me that the Indians catch them in 
nets. From his description they must 
be white fish. I saw their silvery sides 
continually flashing about the boat. 

We were making a general survey of 



site, had tea and started oPi again. This 
time we entered a small creek where wc 
saw many moose and beaver tracks, but 
though we called for more than an hour, 
could not entice them to the water's edge. 
As it was getting cold and evening set- 
ting in we returned to our tent. 

The following day found us bright and 
early on the lake, but as again we receiv- 
ed no answer to our calls, we decided to 
go into the bush where we soon had an 
answer. The ibuU acted strangely, grunt- 
ing occasionally ; he seemed to move away 




One of Saseginega's Islands. 



the lake, when we heard the call of a cow 
moose and. rounding a corner we saw 
her standing in the water. The next 
moment a bull stepped out of the woods 
and joined her. As we paddled closer I 
saw that the head of the bull was not 
very good, there being hardly any webb 
and only a small spread of antlers. So 
I decided not to shoot, but take a picture. 
How^ever. in preparing my camera I had 
to change my position in the boat; this 
started them and off they crashed into 
the forest. We now looked for a camp 



from us instead of coming closer. We 
walked towards him as noiselessly and 
as fast as the thick underbrush would 
permit, when right close to us, nearer to 
the lake appeared another bull, again 
with a poor head. This one grunted, 
looked at us and stood perfectly still. 
It was very curious that while the small 
one grunted continually, the other, which 
I expected to be a better specimen, stop- 
ped answering. Thinking that the inter- 
ference of the small one was keeping 
the other away, I tried to drive him off 



10 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



by throwing a stick in his direction, and 
when that failed, I took my little twenty- 
two and fired a shot over his head. Ihis 
started him, but instead of running to- 
wards the lake as I had hoped, he pro- 
ceeded in the direction of the other and 
soon we heard them both plunging 
through the woods. We then went back 
to camp and on the way I had a shot 
at a fisher, but the boat being unsteady 
I missed and before I could put in a 
second cartridge it disappeared in the 
bush. 

By this time I had made up my mind 
to stay another day and as we had no 
more provisions, sent Jean to camp to 
get some eatables. Having paddled with 
him to the portage I told him to hustle 
and try to be back in four hours. On 
leaving he asked me to lend him my 
pistol, which I did; fortunately he left 
his axe with me. I amused myself for 
three hours cutting out the portage and 
then took my moose call, stepped to the 
lake and called. Two answers came 
quickly, one directly in front on the op- 
posite shore, the other to the right in a 
piece of marshy ground. The one in 
front stepped out of the forest, a fine 
animal, almost black, with a large pair of 
antlers. I calculated the distance some 
four hundred yards, and as I had no 
boat to follow in case of only wounding 
him at such a distance decided not to 
shoot but try to call carefully and if 
possible induce him to cross the water 
towards me. Several times he stepped 
into the water, then back into the woods, 
then skirted the edjre of the water, grunt- 
ing continually. This lasted some time 
and I expected that Jean would appear 
any moment, but I waited in vain and 
finally the bull stepped back into the 
woods. I still hoped to get a shot at 
him as soon as I had the boat to cross 
over and follow the track, but several 
hours passed by and no Jean appeared. 
I now "became somewhat uneasy as I 
thought of the rapids, which he had in- 
tended to shoot standing up in the boat; 
if anvthing should happen h'm I would be 
in a bad way. How could I cross the 
lakes? The nearest human beings were 
at the camp on Five Mile Lake, sorne 
fifteen miles from where T was. I did 



not bother any more about the moose, 
but took my gun and walked over the 
carry to the next lake, but saw no sign of 
boat or man. 

As evening was approaching I returned 
to where I had left Jean's ax and my 
coat, and began to prepare for the night. 
The ground was swampy, so I cut some 
trees, laid them lengthwise on the ground 
and covered them with balsam boughs. 
Then I cut suflficient wood for the night, 
lit my fire and laid down to sleep. I felt 
rather uneasy, fretting about Jean; the 
cold also woke me up occasionally and 
reminded me to put wood on the fire. 
I was just dozing again, when suddenly 
the wolves began to howl about me once 
more. This time I felt not quite so 
easy as I did the night in camp with 
Jean, for then I had my back covered, 
even if it were only by a canvas tent; 
here I felt exposed on all sides and the 
sound of the running and howling about 
me was not very agreeable, as I could 
not get so much as a glimpse of my 
uncanny visitors. This time I took 
Jean's advice and piled wood on the fire. 
In one hand I held my gun, in the other 
Jean's ax with which I kept on chopping 
pieces of some dry trees which lay near 
the fire. When there was a large hlaze. 
the wolves would withdraw some dis- 
tance into the woods, but as soon as it 
burned low, they would sneak up again. 
I would have fired my gun at random to 
scare them ofif, but only had six^ cart- 
ridges in it and did not wish to waste 
them. So I kept on cutting and piling 
wood on the fire until the first break of 
day, when as suddenly as they had come, 
the whole pack scampered off into the 
marsh. 

I was now in an awkward situation, 
as I had made up my mind that Jean 
had met with some accident and per- 
haps lost his life. My little tent was 
some five miles distant up the lake and 
would have been of little value as it only 
contained blankets, a tin kettle and some 
cartridges. So I concluded to start for 
the camp. The only way by which 1 
could reach it was by building a raft 
then poling over the first lake, crossing 
the carry, making a circuit around the 
smaller lake, building a second raft, cross 



THREE WEEKS IN THE FORESTS OF QUEBEC 



11 



the lake as far as the rapids would allow 
and try to pick it up on the rocks below. 
Then I hoped to pole across B. L. Lake 
to our camp. This of course meant 
much labor, but was the only thing to 
do, for I would never have found the 
camp had I tried to make my way 
through ten miles of wilderness. 

After crossing the portage I cut down 
a fair sized birch and made two string 
pieces about eight feet long which I put 
into the water and began to tie the first 
cross piece, when I heard some one call- 



could not go over bad portage in the 
dark." 

I could not help laughing for among 
other improbabilities he forgot that he 
had left the moose call with me. After 
a bite to eat we both started back to 
our camp. On arriving I did not need to 
trust my eyes. x\s before said we clean- 
ed up the room before we left, but now it 
looked as though a herd of bison had 
gone through it. Cassius' three gallon 
pot of soup stock was upset on the floor, 
a dish of flap-jack batter spread out over 




Tha Big Moose. 



rng and looking up, saw Jean coming 
across the lake in the canoe. One glance 
at him and the zigzag lines the boat des- 
cribed, told me what had happened. Jean 
had collided with the whiskey supply. 
Ordinary a fine, graceful looking fellow, 
he now looked a sight. I asked him what 
had happened, that he had left me alone 
in the woods without food or blankets. 
and here is his story. 

"I am sorry. I call big moose to 
water, shoot with pistol, wound him 
much, follow many miles into bush and 



the table, the stove knocked over, all 
sorts of eatables thrown over the floor, 
mixed with the contents of a bursted 
flour bag; in short the disorder was in- 
describable. The first thing I found was 
the whiskey demijohn drained to the 
dregs. Concluding that the less said the 
better, I made Jean clean up the place 
while I took a good sleep in my tent. 

My friends not having arrived I decid- 
ed to wait no longer, but break up camp 
at once. We took in our bear trap, which 
by the way had not 'been touched, Jean 



13 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



scoured the pots and next morning we 
packed and started on our journey. Our 
packs were very heavy ; I will only men- 
tion the bear trap weighing eighteen 
pounds, the stove, two tents, the large 
cooking outfit, intended for six and so 
forth. Although we carried heavy loads, 
we had to walk each portage three times 
to get our dutYle over. We cooked 
our dinner at our camping place at Oscoe 
Lake, then took down the tent and start- 
ed for the inlet. 

The head of Oscoe Lake is very pic- 
turesque, for here Lake Saseginaga pours 
its waters over immense boulders, form- 
ing a series of cascades. I tried to take 
a picture but the light was not favorable. 
A short portage brought us into Sase- 
gincga Lake and I was glad that 
no more portages were ahead of us for 
several days to come. 

Saseginega is an Indian word, meaning- 
lake with many islands, and so it is, do't- 
ted with many large and numberless 
small ones, all ideal camping grounds. 

We had hardly entered the lake be- 
fore I had a shot at two black ducks of 
which I got one. We now skirted a 
large island for about three miles and 
then entered a narrow. Jean told me 
that here one of our members had killed 
a moose the year before. We called and 
received an answer but could not get the 
moose to come out, so as it was getting 
dark we looked for a camping ptace, 
pitched the tent and cooked our evening- 
meal. I had to bake a supply of biscuits, 
for since Cassius had left I had to be the 
cook. Jeans's culinary accomplishments 
were very limited consisting only of mak- 
ing tea, boiling potatoes and broiling 
meat. 

It was late when we got through sup- 
per, so decided to have a good rest and 
start out early in the morning. Not in- 
tending to return until evening we took 
some biscuits and cold moose steak with 
us and started for a general hunt, pad- 
dling into many bays and tramping the 
woods, but all we brought home was a 
black duck and three partridges. We 
went out again after dark hoping to get 
a flashlight picture of moose. Hiding in 
a fair sized bay, Jean began to call and 
had an answer. We heard the crackling 



of the wood and such crackling ; it seem- 
ed to me as if dry trees four inches thick 
were breaking like pipe stems as the an- 
imal was running back and forth near the 
shore, at first grunting then bellowing 
like an enraged bull. 

Things were getting interesting and 
while I was preparing my camera I also 
took good care to place my gun where 
I could grasp it quickly, for the bull was 
in a fury and the water quite shallow. I 
knew that it must be a monster judging 
by the terrific noise, but he would not 
come out and kept on bellowing and run- 
ning in the bushes. Suddenly a cow be- 
gan to call in the woods, while Jean kept 
on calling from the boat This bellowing, 
calling and running lasted for some time, 
when all at once the bull stopped for 
a few seconds and ran back into the 
forest. The wind had sprung up and 
he had scented us. I was much chagrin- 
ed, but made up my mind to pick up his 
track in the morning. Hi is was not 
diiificult and following we soon saw where 
the two tracks met and w^here both bull 
and cow had gone into the lake. Disap- 
pointed, we returned to our canoe, cross- 
ed the lake and made a landing in a small 
b-ay opposite the place where the moose 
tracks had ended at the shore, but could 
find no marks, so we went into the bush 
until we struck a good sized pond where 
we saw and heard the beaver splashing 
but found no moose. 

After this we spent several pleasant- 
days photographing, fishing and hunting 
small game and finally pulled up st-akes 
and paddled towards the portage for 
Clear Lake, shot some partridges on the 
carry, crossed Clear Lake and piirtaged 
to Birch Lake. While Jean ])add!ed. I 
trolled and caught some fine pickerel. 
When we neared the narrows we met a 
fire ranger, Arthur Pratt, who was the 
first human being we had seen for some 
time. Enquiring of him whether he had 
seen any of our club members, he told 
me to my great surprise and joy, that 
Mr. Guild had arrived and was camping 
right at the narrows, and sure enough 
there on the rock appeared my friend 
Guild ready to welcome us. and by the 
fire stood Cassius bus}'- with his pots 
and pans. 



THREE WEEKS IX THE FORESTS OF QUEBEC 



13 



They had gone out as far as Mattawa, 
and from there telegraphed and waited 
until they received the good news for 
which they wished. Knowing that I 
must pass the narrows they had inter- 
cepted me. Of course both were sur- 
prised that we had no moose antlers in 
our boat, but I told them again that I 
wanted either a fine head or none. 

That day we had paddled fourteen 
miles and made two portages, but when 
dark set in we were again on the water 
with the camera intent upon procuring 
a flash light picture. \A'e paddled four 
miles towards a large bay, where Guild 
had heard a moose during the afternoon. 
Jean called while I was getting my cam- 
era readv, when suddenly I noticed a 



answer, then we crosed the water trol- 
ling for salmon trout for which this lake 
is celebrated ; however I had no success 
the weather being too warm, so we land- 
ed and tramped to a small lake near by. 
Returning to our boat I was just get- 
ting my trolling line in order, when Jean 
said there were two moose on the oppos- 
ite shore, and sure enough, two black 
spots could be seen on the white sand. 
A\'e paddled rapidly and soon made out 
that they were a cow and calf; we knew 
that the bull would be near by and we 
were not disappointed, for presently a bull 
stepped out of the bush, joined the cow 
and calf and all three stepped into the 
shallow water. They had gone in quite 
some distance, evidently intending to 




Homeward Bound, 



peculiar light, which increased by sending 
yellow streaks over the sky until the 
whole firmament seemed afire. The lake 
appeared to be as bright as day, and our 
boat could be seen a long ways oft. 
While I admired this beautiful northern 
light, it nevertheless spoiled our pl.-dus. 
\\'e dipped our paddles again and a four 
mile pull brought us to our camo. 

Next morning we paddled up Birch 
Lake, carried over to a small beaver pond 
and into Quigouchee Lake. We had seen 
some moose tracks at the beaver pond, 
made recently by a bull and cow. and on 
a sandy beach on Quigouchee saw, quite 
close to some wolf tracks, the fresh im- 
pression of a bull, cow and calf moose. 
We called promptly but received no 



swim across when the cow saw us and 
immediately started for the shore, the 
bull and calf following, the water splash- 
ed over them as they were running. It 
would indeed have made a fine picture, 
but I did not then bother with the cam- 
era, holding my gun in readiness, while 
Jean paddled and gave an occasional call, 
which always caused them to make a 
short stop. Thus we managed to come 
closer and closer. When they had reach- 
ed the shore, the bull stopped while the 
cow and calf went some distance further 
and also halted. I was now about a hun- 
dred and fifty yards from the bull and 
ready to shoot, when out of the bush 
stepped another moose, much larger than 
the first one and having a beautiful head. 



14 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



The cow and calf now ran over to the 
large bull and all three put their heads 
together. 

It certainly was a grand sight; there 
were four moose ahead of us, three hud- 
dled together, while the fourth one, also 
a fine specimen, stood apart. Yet it was 
a peculiar situation. I could not shoot 
at the large one, because he was almost 
entirely covered by the cow and calf, be- 
sides the distance was more than two 
hundred yards, which considering that I 
was shooting from a wiggling boat, was 
none too near. The smaller one was only, 
as I said before, about one hundred and 
fifty yards off, standing alone and mak- 
ing a fine target. 

There was no time to lose either. Be- 
ing pretty sure of the smaller one I told 
Jean that I would shoot at him ; Jean 
thought that I should take the large one 
and said that he would try to get a little 
closer. Just then the cow started to run ; 
this exposed the bull, and as he began to 
move I fired three shots in quick succes- 
sion, and saw him fall. 

On landing we found him quite dead, 
the three bullets had entered the breast 
and each one would have been fatal. The 
first thing I told Jean was to look for the 
bell, and there we found not only a large 



bell, but also three heavy appendages un- 
der the throat. The spread of antlers 
was fifty-four inches, both webbs four- 
teen inches wide with twenty perfectly 
symmetrical points ; although not the lar- 
gest, it certainly is now the finest head 
in my collection. All Indian guides 
show great joy when they have succeed- 
ed in procuring a fine trophy and Jean 
made no exception. As a rule a very sil- 
ent companion, he now seemed to be a 
different man and danced around the big 
moose like a happy child. 

As it was getting late, we only took 
out the entrails and started for the camp, 
where we celebrated the event with the 
usual round of punch, which Cassias 
knew so well how to brew, and next day 
took Arthur Pratt, the fire-ranger with 
us, to help us in skinning and quartering 
our game. This gave us three canoes, so 
that we were able to carry out the large 
amount of meat, hide and head. 

Thus ended a most interesting trip, for 
next day I started for the settlements,, 
reaching Hunter's Point the same day. 
Jean returned to join Guild and Cassius 
as they intended to stay a little longer to 
make up for lost time, while three days, 
later I arrived at my home in City Island.. 
New York. 



A SUMMER MORNING 



BY DOROTHY PATRICK DYAR. 

From out the dewy silence of the wood, 

The drowsy chirp of birds comes to my ear; 

Above the slender spruces in the gulch, 
The first faint streaks of rosy dawn appear. 

Below my feet the shadowy valley lies. 

With many a curve the river winds its length ; 

Beyond, the purple foot-hills gently rise 
To where the Selkirks tower in their strength. 

And now the east's aflame with red and gold, 
And all the valley's bathed in misty light; 

The river sparkles like a silver thread, 
Gone are all the dusky shades of night. 

From out the dewy silence of the wood 
A cheery song of hope comes to my ear; 

Above the slender spruces in the gulch 
The glorious orb of day dispels all fear. 



The Valley of Silver Blue, B. C 



BY MRS. ELSIE SPRAGGE. 




MX. ETHELBEST, SELKIRK RANGE, B.C. 

From the steamer Isabel on the Columbia River. 



WE Steamed quietly away from 
Golden, British Columbia, in the 
heart of the mountains, seven 
hours west of Banff on a cloud- 
less mid-August afternoon. Out on the 
calm Columbia River into the valley of 
Silver Blue, a fairy land of faint greens, 
grays and opals like some delicate pearl, 
where chrysoprase channels belted 
with poplar and willow melted in- 
to broad lagoons and ponds circled by 
pale yellow rushes. One wide rib of the 
Rockies on the east broke away from the 
main range and radiated down, to the 
water in narrow ridges that terminated 
in a wooded spur. Behind rose soft pink 
edged mountains toning to light blue 
areas streaked, and blotched with sap- 
phire and amethyst cloud shadows. In 
the foreground were curious sloping foot- 
hills, broken by amber patches of earth 



and purple clusters of pines veiled in sil- 
ver. 

The Selkirk mountains on the west^ 
thrust their ramparts against the sky line 
in solid indigo masses, splashed where 
the sun rested with the emerald greens 
of snow slides; their sombre distances 
shimmered in opal vapour, that was cleft 
by spires of pine and fir growing singly,^ 
sentinel wise, or in belts and forests. 
Over all hung the soft haze characteristic 
of August in the Columbia valley, which 
is associated more or less with smoke and 
distant fires, but creates an atmosphere 
that is not of the earth, earthy. It is 
opalescent and evanescent, it idealises, 
enthrals and environs the valley of Silver 
Blue. 

Between the azure Rockies and the 
sapphire Selkirks we wound all that soft 
summer noon, in the fair steamer Isabel, 



16 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



following the sinuous curves of the curi- 
ous Columbia, now swelling into lakes, 
again shrinking into channels, till dark- 
ness fell swiftly and suddenly over all. Let 
it here be noted that no one who traverses 
the Columbia valley in an automobile ov- 
er its superior government road enjoys 
its real beauty. From the river and by 
the river alone should it be seen and 
known ; under other conditions its elus- 
ive charm evades the most observant eye. 
Our destination was a bachelor's ranch 
in the Luzern valley nine miles from the 
river on the west or Selkirk side. When 
his kindly invitation reached us free from 
all detail as to v/ays and means of ap- 
proach, much discussion between the two 
womenkind involved ensued. Should we 
take blankets or would he provide them ; 
should we ride, take divided skirts; or 
walk or drive? 

Captain Armstrong, of the Isabel, who 
is an "Old Timer," said "Always take 
blankets to a bachelor's house !" but then 
the bachelor would be forced to pack the 
blankets nine miles, a heavy item in two 
senses of the word in a country where 
horses do not abound ; so we considered 
our friend and wisely left the blankets in 
our cottage. Further we must spend a 
night on the way; should we secure a 
cabin on the Isabel — should we sleep at 
a hotel on the wrong, or east side of the 
Columbia and make a perilous crossing 
with our possessions in a frail canoe, or 
should we sleep in the bachelor's micro- 
scopic cabin at Heffner's Landing on the 
right, or west side, of the river, deposited 
safely there by steamboat? 

Again Captain Armstrong spoke and 
said, "The boat will leave at daylight ; you 
must be up at five o'clock ; better sleep in 
the cabin and plant the bachelor under a 
tree; there is a fine cotton wood just out- 
side his door." In the end the bachelor 
solved the problem by writing another 
line, directing us to sleep upon the Isabel. 

So we slept and were duly roused and 
landed as forecast at five o'clock, on a 
chilly morning, when the steamer after 
tving up to the bank for the night, cast 
ofT and pursued iier way south to the 
Columbia Lakes and we found our cabin 
and our host and partook of bannocks. 



bacon, eggs and tea over a blazing, com- 
forting, camp fire. 

Another perfect day with a cloudless 
sky, wild geese honking and settling on a 
slough behind us, and mallard quacking 
loudly as they flew down the swiftly flow- 
ing river rolling before us, a gray green 
current between willow bound banks. 

Just this we noted while our host hunt- 
ed errant horses ; he returned in an hour 
with three worthy steeds one for each of 
the women kind and a pack pony. 

When we observed the boxes of luxur- 
ies the Isabel had deposited for our com- 
fort and refreshment, we offered up a sil- 
ent thanksgiving for the absent blankets 
and even wondered how an objectionable 
dressing bag could be added to the load. 

The mysteries of the diamond hitch se- 
cured the lot which travelled the nine in- 
tervening miles without let or hindrance 
and even survived strenuous collisions 
with various trees upon the trail. 

The bachelor being a noted pedestrian 
escorted the party on foot and we set 
forth ; he headed tJie procession leading 
the pack pony, but the animal showed 
such marked aversion to this form of pro- 
gress, that after much pulling and hauling 
he handed the rope over to me as next in 
line and it went much better in tow of 
my roan cayuse with occasional assistance 
from behind. Woman No. Two rode a 
fine upstanding bay horse, and formed 
the rear guard. Our way led over a 
good wagon road from Heft'ner's Land- 
ing to the adjacent ranches, for upwards 
of four miles, then, though not actually 
ending in the proverbial squirrel track 
and running up a tree, it followed a some- 
what equivalent course, viz., it practically 
ceased. We turned off into the woods, 
where the trail pursued its chequered car- 
eer, uphill and downhill, over marshes and 
rocks, on slopes thick with bunch grass 
a foot high, off them through thick tim- 
ber, and then, on along the edge of the 
•Salmon river roaring far below in a nar- 
row canyon, where the trail was a mere 
ledge and the horses trod circumspectly 
and so to our host's fishing lodge, on an 
enlargement of the Salmon river which 
we with medical associations christened 
as Sarcoma Lake. 

Very picturesque the cabin looked set 



THE VALLEY OF SILVER BLUE, B.C. 



ir 



high on a terrace sloping to the lake, en- 
vironed by a wood so carefully cleared of 
underbrush it resembled a park, bounded 
by an expanse of emerald water encircled 
with yellow grass and reeds. Behind 
them belts of low pale willow bush, then 
a forest of young pines, the whole set a- 
gainst a background of silver blue moun- 
tains. 

Fishing was our object and rainbow 
trout our prey. Of these priceless treas- 
ures nothing that is adequate can be writ- 
ten, they must be seen, caught and eaten 



vas boat, (of which he was very proud 
for he could pick it up and transport it 
anywhere on his shoulders) slowly up and 
down and round about, while one of us 
woman comfortably esconced with cush- 
ions and rugs at the stern let yards of 
silk line slowly unwind ofif our knees, 
grabbing the bitter end of stick ere it de- 
parted overboard, then with the line held 
deftly between finger and thumb awaited 
the unfailing tug and turned to see our 
prize leap like a silver arrow high off the 
bosom of the lake, then the boat was 




RANCHER'S CABIN. 

From the Lake. 



to have justice done to their beauty, their 
gameness and their flavour. 

The lake swarmed with them, and from 
a hammock on the terrace they could be 
seen by dozens leaping high after flies, 
even close to the landing stage in shallow- 
water. We caught easily all we could 
use averaging twelve to fourteen inches 
in length, besides taking a good supply 
back to Golden. The usual method we 
adopted was trolling, as easier, than still 
fishing at the outlet of the lake. Our 
host rowed his adaptable, collapsible can- 



backed and the line coiled carefully in, 
with often much play of the trout ere he 
was safely landed in a net. The troll was 
a small silver spoon with two hooks 
which had been known to catch two fish 
at once, fcut not with us. We also tried 
still fishing but our iiies did not suit rain- 
bow taste and those we did secure were 
caught with the bait of their own flesh 
and dubbed cannibal versus rainbow. 

Our time at Sarcoma Lodge was limi- 
ted ; one day was devoted to a study of 
the beaver houses and dams that were 



IS 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



an interesting feature of our host's prop- 
erty. These intelligent animals had suc- 
ceeded in securing quite an extensive sec- 
tion of his ranch for their own use by 
turning the course of the Salmon river 
and creating, a private lake for their villa 
residences. To effect this, they built a 
dam six feet high of boughs, bushea, 
stones and mud over which the river pour- 
ed in a most artistic fall ; it was really a 
stupendous affair for ibcave.rs to have 
made, and raised the level of the water by 
about sixty inches. "I have yet to meet 
the individual who can see a beaver col- 
ony for the first time and not feel some- 
thing of the sentiment of human associa- 
tion," says a writer in Bailey's magazine. 
"It is a sensation very similar to what we 
feel when we come out unexpectedly in- 
to a woodland clearing after a long day 
spent in unbroken solitudes." 

"I once stood with a learned professor 
of Columbia College on the bank of a 
stream in eastern Canada and looked 
down on a freshly made beaver dam, one 
of the best in point of construction I had 
ever seen." Here follows a description 
of a dam the twin of which we saw at 
Sarcoma Lake. Further the writer adds, 
and this also corresponds exactly: "Seen 
from the upstream side it presented the 
appearance of a more or less evenly dis- 
posed array of short sticks protruding 
from a long mound of mud just level with 
the surface of the restrained water; from 
below the brushwood supporting the dam 
proper was plainly visible and the ingen- 
uity of its placing at once apparent. There 
was of course none of the pile driving or 
basket weaving which at one time played 
so large a part in picturesque descriptions 
by fanciful writers, but despite its rough- 
ness it was a remarkable piece of animal 
engineering. My companion inspected 
it for several minutes in impressed silence. 
"I should be afraid to kill a thing that 
knew so much," he said, thoughtfully. 
Since beaver are preserved for two years 
longer in British Columbia. I trust our 
host will not be afflicted with similar 
scruples for they will be a valuable asset. 

Another day was spent in an expedition 
to the top of MacMurdo Butte, the high- 
est point in the vicinity, one thousand 
«ix hundred feet above Sarcoma Lake, 



which is six thousand feet above sea level. 
We crossed by boat to the opposite shore, 
secured the collapsable, adaptable, treas- 
ure, and tramped a good two miles to the 
summit, which entailed some heavy walk- 
ing through thick bunch grass and luzern, 
amid a dense growth of slender poplar 
poles, followed by a scramble up steep 
shale ledges, with happily intervening 
plateaus, to rest upon ; a protracted climb 
of nearly two hours. But what a view 
rewarded our exertions ! Away to the 
south spread the Columbia and Luzern 
valleys, separated by a ridge of broken 
buttes, on one of which we stood; the 
Rockies bound the Columbia on the east 
in pink peaked, blue shadowed masses, 
with more and evermore serried seas of 
mountains beyond and beyond again. 
Rising above them all, in one isolated 
wedge against a mass of soft gray clouds, 
dark and forbidding, we marked "Storm" 
mountain, reputed the highest in that 
range. Below wound the Columbia river, 
describing quaint curves and semicircles 
in its devious channels ; at our feet lay a 
lake so deeply, clearly green we christen- 
ed it Chrysoprase ; above it in all shades 
of gray, blue and umber rose Steamboat 
.Butte, the last and loftiest barrier be- 
tween the two valleys ; at its base they 
melted into one azure immeasurable dis- 
tance. 

Luzern valley on the west was a net 
work of lakes, all shapes, sizes and col- 
ours, marking the bottom lands, with 
streaks and patches of light and dark 
green ; amid them were islands, of conical 
evergreens, and from them radiated belts 
of trees extending into forests of heavy 
dark blue and purple foliage that melted 
away at the timber line of the Selkirks, 
far nobler and grander mountains than 
the better known Rockies. 

There were passes and canyons we 
commanded from our elevation, where 
creeks rushed down prec'pitously ; one 
immediately opposite MacMurdo Butte, 
cleft the range in along indigo point; 
behind and above it we could see a huge 
glacier running north and south for 
miles — a great haunt of wild goat — be- 
yond again were glorious silver crags and 
pinnacles. 

We spent hours amid these surround- 



THE VALLEY OF SILVER BLUE, B.C. 



19 



mgs, then descended AIcMurdo in just 
half the time it had taken us to ascend its 
scaly heig-hts. 

So our few days dwindled down to the 
last afternoon when a rancher arrived at 
sundown with two horses and foretold 
the advent of possible rain ; there had 
been none for six weeks in either valley 
so his heart rejoiced proportionately. It 
seemed hard that our out going should be 
marred by such predictions ; however we 
retired hoping for the best, followed by 
divers injunctions to be up at five, to 



not worse, for the rain was descending in 
absolute sheets of water that completely 
hid the lake. 

We hoped for some improvement in 
conditions before breakfast, after break- 
fast before we started at any rate, but 
vainly, it only rained if possible hard- 
er than ever and we set forth finally on 
the stroke of seven, four sombre, sad pil- 
grims. The rancher led the procession 
towing the pack pony on a rope but he 
knew his master and followed gladly 
homewards. Woman No. Two mounted 







k 


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■ 


^fP^JiP^H^&^fi^T T ■ n ' 


1 


«». 




1. „-. ji.-^ -^Jg^if^ - j^i>i^'JSi.:^~.-'..i. ' -"-^Si^i "i; 




^^j^g^^j^^M 






V X''"'^7|^^'r^.'^- 


:• •^■■■- . 


V 


''fV^-';#''^;..\5;,^^^-^;^:f':jf r^f-c-- 


'<i\'>*''\'% 't^ 


^■. .-■'-■'' .. / 


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' : .Jf^^.^* 'iiW^-^^^ 




[.^'m^^'f'"'' 


^H^mm- - -mmm^^^amm 



The First Beaver Dam, 



breakfast at six, to hit the trail, in western 
parlance, at seven. 

Long before daylight, we were aroused 
by the steady patter of the prophetic rain 
on our roof, accompanied by gusts of 
wind that whistled through the pines 
overhead promising a very pretty storm. 
So hard it blew and pattered, sleep was 
impossible and we might as well get up 
as lie and meditate over the uncertainty 
of human afifairs ; besides we felt anxious 
to see if the weather were really as bad 
as it sounded which it certainly was, if 



on another big bay horse came next, with 
the bachelor on foot behind. Woman 
the bachelor on foot behind. Woman No. 
One on foot also brought up the rear. She 
had a divided khaki skirt with a heavy 
leather gaiters, a raincoat and an umbrel- 
la, which she had steadily refused to part 
with, from some strange instinct, though 
quite prepared to admit its absolute inap- 
propriateness to camp life and conditions. 
It had been a constant butt, no one want- 
ed it or would carry it and she bore it 
bravelv herself over hill and dale, like a 



20 



ROD AND GL'X IX CANADA 



lancer with i)ennon at rest when she rode 
tu the calkin. Xow the despised article 
served its destined purpose and saved 
head and shoulders from five miles of 
drenchinj^^ rain for the trail fortunately 
was wide entuigh to admit the passage of 
the umbrella with very occasional collis- 
ions with overhanging boughs. Woman 
No. Two rode till she got cold and stiff, 
then dismounted and hunted her steed 
along till she got warm and on again and 
so at last by various slippery slopes, 
through sopping bushes, bunch grass and 
areas of mud. we came to the beginning 
or rather end of the wagon road, where 
the rancher had thoughtfully left his big 
ve'hicle after detaching his horses the 
jireceding night. Then the rain ceased 
and we climbed into the wagon and 
bumped along to Heffner's Landing 
where there are a few houses besides the 
bachelor's cabin. After exchanging our 
wet clothes for dry. while waiting for the 
Isabel's whistle we met Mrs. Pike and 
heard the story of her fresh butter and 
how she came to B. C. 

The flitting of Mrs. Pike and Dad from 
I Ontario to the valley of Silver P)lue was 
on this wise : 

"\\ hy there was all my family out on 
the Columbia River" said she; "there was 
my Jo-an ( we christened him Jo-an Fer- 
iianday) because we had some Spanish 
blood on my side or may be it was Dad's, 
and there was little Jo-an and Richard 
and Richard's boy and lots more children 
and grand c'hildren. 

Well Jo-an he just rit and rit and kept 
on ritting to Dad and me to come to 
British Columbia, which he says is a land 
fiowing with milk and honey, but I tell 
you right here I ain't seen more milk than 
you could throw over your shoulder and 
as to honey I ain't ever had a smell of it 
since I came. Dad and me had a fine 
farm back east ; I had four moolies and 
twelve strippers and made butter that 
couldn't be beat no where, ^^'hen Jo-an 
kep ritting for us. Dad and me lay awake 
most nights a thinking and a crying, for 
Dad didn't want to go and I wanted some 
to go and some not to go for we was old 
folks to break up home. Dad was seven- 
tv-five and me well over sixty and we had 
a real nice place all paid for and our own. 



I'ut Jo-an never let up ritting and he told 
me to sell everything but my butter. So 
Dad and me advised with our neighbour's 
and some said, "stay home. We'll all 
miss you so;" and some said: "you'll sure 
be killed on the cyars" ; and some said 
"go for your children wants yez" and 
Seth said : "Sell me all but kiver the rights 
to ten acres and ye can buy that back if 
ye don't like it out west." 

That seemed good to Dad and me so 
we closed with Seth. But before we left 
I made up my mind I would not 
^etch my five hundred and a half 
half pounds of fresh butter out to 
that land that was flowing with 
milk and honey already, where it would 
sure sell cheap. So I says to Dad: "hitch 
up and we'll take the butter to town and 
see what Mr. Smith will give for it. He's 
our grocer and keeps a corner store. Well 
would you believe it when we drove up to 
Smith's, there was one of my neighbors, 
Mrs. McBride, selling him her axle grease 
at twenty-one cents the pound in prints 
and crocks and firkins. Mr. Smith sees 
us stopping, so out he comes and says 
"Mrs. Pike, all my customers is asking 
for your fresh butter, do you happen to 
have any at home?" "Why Mr. Smith," 
says I." I happen to have some right here 
in the wagon." "That's good," says he, 
"tell Dad to fetch it in." So Dad he 
fetches in some and Mr. Smith says, "now 
I'm going to taste and see if its all fres'h 
butter." Then I up and says to Mr. 
Smith, "you don't, you just keep your 
tasters out of my fresh butter, for its all 
one churning and it ain't got but one taste 
and it ain't got but one smell and your 
nose was made afore tasters was made 
and ye can smell it all you want." Well 
Mr. Smith he smelled a lot of prints and 
crocks, then I says: "how much for my 
fresh butter, Mr. Smith; you was buying 
Mrs. McBride's axle grease, how much 
for my fresh butter" and he says "twenty- 
five cent a pound Mrs. Pike" and I says: 
"Dad take it out to the waggon ; Mr. 
Smith don't know fresh butter wdien 'he 
sees it, let alone smells it." But Dad, who 
is peaceful like, says: "Polly, let's leave 
the butter and go across to the hotel and 
have a square." So I says "Done with 
you. Dad." So we went and he had a 



THE VALLEY OF SHA'ER BLUE. B.C. 



21 



beer and I had a beer and we got a good 
square too and then Dad says, "Polly let's 
go down street a piece" and when Mr. 
Smith saw us pass his door, lie calls out 
and asks. "Where we're going." We says, 
"just a piece down street" and he says, 
"come in here first I want to talk about 
that butter, it kind of smells good in the 
place. I guess I must have that fresh but- 
ter Mrs. Pike and I'll give you twenty- 
eight cents a pound for it. " How does 
that go?" I tell you it went all right, so 
I bids Dad to fetch in all mv fresh butter 



Jo-an I sold all my fresh butter to Mr. 
Smith." "How much did he give you 
mother?" Twenty-eight cents a pound." 
"Twenty-eight cents" says he, "why 
I'm giving forty cents a pound for butter 
right here. I'll show you my last bill." 
"That's all right, Jo-an" says I, " but you 
don't seem to be getting any butter since 
we came and anyway you didn't quote me 
no price on fresh butter." 

\Vhat do I think of British Columbia 
now? Well there's too many of them 
jugged mountings, for me. Jest give me 




RED ROCS. 

A Fine Stretch on the Columbia. 



and Mr. Smith, he wrote out a cheque for 
five hundred pounds of fresh butter for I 
says, "never mind about the odds we're 
old friends and you've always treated me 
fair and square I'll throw in the half 
pound extry." So Dad and me goes home 
but first we stopped at the hotel and Dad 
treated me to a beer and I treated him to 
a beer, so we had two beers apiece. Then 
we come to British Columbia and the first 
thing Jo-an says to me is : "Mother 
where's the butter" and I savs, "whv 



a little more of a level, you go to sleep 
and see mountings ; you wake up and see 
mountings, they're sticking up all over 
jest like hairs on a cat's back." 

Then the Isabel whistled. 

Since the above was written arrange- 
ments have been made for placing a new 
boat on the trip from Golden to Winder- 
mere this season, and the Isabel will be 
installed as a houseboat at Windermere 
for the benefit of people who may wish 
to stav over. 



p 



'Lunge Fishing in Lake St. Frances 



BV C. W. YOUNG. 




Picnic Party on Barnhart's Island. 



AS you Stand on the promenade deck 
of the Rapids King the steamer 
tumbles and tosses in the turbu- 
lent waters of the Long Sault. 
Somebody who knows, points out the site 
of the proposed dams, -which are to de- 
velop a greater power than Niagara. It 
seems almost an impudent proposition to 




Two Small Bo^t and a Big: 'Lunge, Lake St. Francii. 



pen up the waters of the mighty St. Law- 
rence, the world's greatest and grandest 
river, but who shall say anything is im- 
possible in these latter days? To your 
right is Long Sault Island, from which 
a dam is to run to the main American 
shore, and between Long Sault Island 
and Barnhart's another gigantic struc- 
ture, which in engineering daring tran- 
scends any work of the kind that has been 
attempted on the continent, if not in the 
world. Between Barnhart's and the- 
Canadian Sheek Island, is a shallow and 
winding stream, known as the Little Riv- 
er, which at present carries only a few 
per cent of the total flow but which will 
be made straight and widened to one 
thousand feet, when it will take a large 
proportion of the current. As we shoot 
past the foot of Barnhart's w^e see the site 
of a third dam which will connect the Can- 
adian and American shores. To be sure 
the Long Sault Rapids will become a 
lake, and their scenic beauty be destroy- 
ed, but sentiment must give way to com- 
merce in these latter days. Over the 
crest of the dam a quarter of a mile long 
will flow five feet of crystal water, drop- 
ping a distance of forty or fifty feet and 



'LUNGE FISHING IN LAKE ST. FRANCIS 



23 



creating a cataract, whose magnificent ular summer resort, and land with eager 
proportions will in some degree compen- anticipations of great fishing, in which we 
sate for the levelling of the water above, are not likely to be disappointed. As 

In a few minutes we pass under the 
spidery bridge of the New York Central 
Railway, touch for a moment at the Corn- 
wall wharf, and soon are in the placid 
waters of Lake St. Francis. In the clear 
summer air the peaks of the Adirondacks, 
forty or fifty miles to the south, stand 
out as a striking feature of the landscape, 
while on the Canadian shore are fertile 
fields and handsome country homes, and 
hid in the trees the ruins of Stonehouse 
Point, where more than a hundred years 
ago, the McDonalds lived in luxury amid 



The Glengarry Cairn, Lake St. Francis. 

the wine-seller in days of old planted a 
bush in front of his shop, the host of the 
Algonquin, as a foretaste of the delights 
in store, occasionally has one of the mon- 
sters of the deep, tethered by a rope in 
the smooth water behind the docks, oc- 
ular demonstration of what may be the 
luck of any angler. 

We are soon comfortably housed, re- 
new old acquaintances, make new ones, 
and arrange for fishing trips in the days 
that are to come. 





A Good Pair to Draw To. 

little better than savage surroundings. 

Now we are among islands, some of 
which are crowded with cottages and 
campers, who wave a friendly salute, to 
which the deep whistle of the "King" re- 
turns greetings. Here and there parties 
in skiffs, or it may be a couple of paddlers 
in a canoe, come out to take the swells 
of the big craft, which set them all a-dan- 
cing on the mimic waves. Or you may 
see a silent smoky Indian, or a party of 
them, fishing, and possibly may witness 
the last scene in the career of a big mas- 
kinonge. 

Now we are at Stanley Island, a pop- 




A Nice Catch before Breakfast at Stanley Island. 



24 



ROD AXI) GUX IX CAXADA 



Lake St. Francis is an enlargement of 
the St. Lawrence river, and i.s a very con- 
siderable body of water, extending from 
a short distance below Cornwall to 
Cotean and Valleyfield. about thirty 
miles. It is dotted with islands, and is 
excellent feeding ground for wild fowl. 
ranking among the best duck shooting 
country that Eastern Canada affords. 
The numerous reed beds and shoals also 
provide ideal conditions for the fish with 
which the lake abounds, in spite of reck- 
less destruction in ihe past. Black Bass. 



snare. Xo self-respecting fish would be 
up before daylight, and no fisherman 
with an eye to comfort would look for 
him. Peter Beck can come at seven 
o'clock, that is plenty early enough." 

So spoke the fisherman of experience 
in many w'aters, as we smoked and chat- 
ted on the verandah after dinner, and his 
oracular utterance was stoutly debated, 
without, however, changing his opinion. 

At seven o'clock Peter was on hand, a 
stalwart Indian with a great reputation 
as a catcher of 'Lunge. A few strokes 




A Morning's Catch by Col. J. E. Hamilton, 442 South St., Washingrton. D.C. 



Dore, and Perch are plentiful, but the 
prize of the angler is the Maskinonge, 
which grows to immense size. There 
are probably more and larger 'Lunge in 
Lake St. Francis than in any other inland 
Canadian water, and the chance of land- 
ing one or more attracts sportsmen from 
all parts of the continent, as does the 
duck-shooting when the days grow long- 



er. 



"This getting up in the middle of the 
night to gc a-fishing is a delusion and a 



brought us into deep water, and the troll 
was let out. 

"What do you do with that thing?" 
said Peter, giving a contemptuous glance 
at the light steel rod and thin silk line. 
" 'Lunge break um all to pieces." 

"N^ever mind, Peter, you find the 
'Lunge, and the rod and the man at the 
end of it will do the rest." 

But the 'Lunge were visiting that 
morning, and though we trolled over all 
the choice water, there w-as no reward 




Judge Joseph Pryon and C. W. Marshall, of Louisville, Ky.,with their Big Catch — 'Lunge, Bass and Dore— 



except three or four pike, of good 
however. 

"Must catch something, Peter; 
get a few bass or dore." 

"Don't Hke 'urn. "Lunge only 
fish any good." But we prevailed 
on him, and anchoring, as it seem- 
ed, right in the middle of the 
channel east of Hamilton's Island, 
we baited up with a live min- 
now and committed it to the deep 
— about forty feet. In five min- 
utes or so there was trouble of 
the Dore kind, about three pounds 
of it, and though there isn't 
usually much life in this brand of 
fish, there are exceptions, and this 
was one of them — fought like a 
tiger, and seemed really game. 
Then another, and another, and 
f(ir a change a Bass or two, till 
a string of a dozen and a half was 
made, and all within a couple of 
hours. Then they stopped biting 
as suddenly as they started and 
we made for the hotel for dinner. 

The grub was good, and there 
was no hurry, so it was three 
o'clock before we were ready to 
start out again. 



size, "Must have a 'Lunge this time, sure, 

Peter !" 
let's "All right, we get 'um." 

And we d'd. Down we went again, 




Three 'Lunge (35, 19 and 13 lbs.). Caught of an Afternoon 

in Lake St. Francis by G. M. Furman, N.Y., and 

E. H. Furman, Cambridge. Mass. 



26 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



around il'>s Island, and a little further, 
to Cameron's Island. 

"Hold on. Peter! Stuck! Xo, it's alive 
and very much so." 



only foxing, came up all standing, and 
jumped and shook the spoon again. Then 
we got in as much line as we could, but 
the strain set him ofT again, and he towed 




Caught in One Day by W. A. Corbet. 45 Broadway, New York, at Stanley Island— 
i^^L '.i.uube (.amaiioki 41 in.) and two Dore (Wall Eye) 



That is the way the 'Lunge have. 
They take the spoon on the run and are 
so big that you don't realize just what 
has happened for a few seconds, but are 
not long finding out. This particular fel- 
low rushed out fifty yards of line or so 
in no time, and jumped. Looked as big 
as a cordwood stick and was pretty near 
it I Shook the spoon till it rattled, and 
then took a dive for the bottom, where he 
seemed disposed to stay. But he was 




the boat for half a mile or so as if it had 
been a toy craft. This kind of thing 
couldn't last forever, and when he stop- 
ped we were able to recover a good deal 
of line and get a sight of him. But the 
fight wasn't quite over. The rushes were 
not so violent, the strain less intense, 
and the distress of the big fish was evid- 
ent from the way he rolled over and over. 




Otu xoiT, Lake St. Fr&ncU. 



The Fisherman's Toast: "Health to men; death to flsh." 



A CHANGE OF BAIT 



27 



The 'Lunge is only a pike after all, though 
a glorified member of the family. He will 
only fight so long, usually about fifteen 
or twenty minutes, and then quits. A 
Salmon of the same size would cut your 
work out for several hours, and would 
never let up as long as life was in his body. 
At last we got him near enough to the 
boat, and a stroke of the gaft" landed him 
amidships. He was still disposed to make 
trouble and kicked hard enough to throw^ 
both of us into the drink, but Peter had 
a club for such emergencies, and settled 



the business with a couple of good licks 
on the back of the neck. He weighed 
forty-two lbs. on Mr. Duquette's scales 
an hour or so after the war was over, and 
through he wasn't the biggest of the sea- 
son, he was one of them, and his skin, 
handsomely mounted, has attracted the 
attention of thousands of people daily in 
a New York window this spring. There 
are plenty more where he came from. 

"Steel rod little, but heap strong!" 
said Peter. 



A CHANGE OF BAIT. 



BY J. E. McCREA. 



A sunburned kid, with a tattered lid. 

And a coat a size too large, 
With a piece of twine, for a fishing line, 

Sits fishing on a barge 
Thats' tied to a stake, at the edge of the lake, 

Where the wavelets gently lap, 
It's a kind of a sin, but I sit and grin. 

As I watch the little chap 
Transfix a worm, that will wiggle and squirm. 

On the end of h-'s fishing hook. 
Or a small green frog, that he caught in the bog. 

On the other side of the brook. 
He's proud of the job, of the floating bob, 

That he's tied to his line with care. 
There's a sudden swish, as he lands his fish. 

From the depths of its hidden lair, 
It is proudly viewed, and the bait renewed 

From the can where he keeps h's store, 
Then he lets it drop, with a sudden plop, 

In his eager quest for more. 
And he gets them, too, for they come to view 

In the twinkling of an eye. 
And I'm clean outdone, for never a one, 

Will come where I'm sitting by. 
For, much as I wish, there's never a fish 

Will rise to my tempting fly. 
And my bran-new reel, on my rod of steel, 

I've never a chance to try, 
For they pass my place, to the freckled face 

Of the lad in the anchored punt. 
Keep swimming past, as I make my cast, 

In my vain and useless hunt 
For a fish that will try, to grab my fly, 

And be tempted on to its fate. 
So I go to the spot, where the fish are caught. 

And fish with a silver bait. 



Notes on Exploration Trips in the Backwoods 

1 




Mr. J. E. T. Armstrong and his Capture-a Young Black Duck. 



A recent visitor to Rod. and Gun, and 
one whose conversation proved 
most interesting, was Mr. C H 
Miller M. E., of Sudbury. Ont. 
Mr Milie? has not only travelled exten- 
sively in America, but also in Europe, and 
his observations in recent travels through, 
portions of Northern Ontario on pros- 
pecting trips, are therefore much more 
valuable because they are those of a trav- 
elled and trained observer. 

On Mav twcntv second last yeai . a 
patty of which Mr. Milles was the head, 
lef't Biscotasing. a station on the main 
line of the Canadian Pacific Railway, for 
the north. Included in the party was 
Mr G ^ Train, the Hudson Bay !• actor 
at Biscotasing. who with his young son 
arranged to bear the explorers company as 
far as the head of Biscotasing Lake. On 
the first dav out. while preparing dinner 
on a portage, an incident happened which 
might have had very serious results. 
Seeing the rest of the party busy, .Mr. 
Train^ xvandered ofif with his gun to try 
and discover signs of big game or locate 
a bear Everyone being employed, no at- 
tention was given to the boy and it was 
not till Mr. Train's return and dinner was 
ready to be served that his absence was 
detected 'The meal was neglected tor 
a hastv search, but no trace of the wand- 



erer could be discovered. -Vt lengthen 
Indian came in with a story of finding 
splashes of fresh blood and the n.ference 
was drawn that the boy must have been 
killed by a she bear. Every man at once 
made for the place and tried to take up 
the trail Those who examined tne 
blood carefully decided that it was not 
fresh enough to have come from the boy . 
bodv that day and with renewed eftor s 
the 'search was again pursued. Betore 
lono- Mr. T. E. T. Armstrong, a former 
Hudson Bay Factor at Biscotasing, who 
was amongst the explorers ^^eard a cry 
which he thought came from a child m 
pain. Making for a r.dge from- which 
he sound appeared to come he looked 
over and saw, twelve feet below him, the 
little fellow perched on t^e top of a beav- 
er house. If the boy had fallen a foot 
or two on cither side and missed the 
house he would have been drowned as 
the swamp was full ot water The men 
were not long in rescuing the boy, but 
he was in such a highly nervous state 
that for some time he failed to recog- 
nise his own father. After partaking of 
a dish of hot tea he recovered somewhat 
but it was not till a week later, and after 
he had returned home, that the nervous 
fits left him. In the meantime the party 
were not satisfied till they had satisfactor- 



NOTES OX EXPLORATION TRIPS IX THE BACKWOODS 



29 



ily accounted for the blood splashes. 
They found that at that place a bear had 
killed a fawn and caried it oft" to her cubs. 
The signs when examined calmly were 
too plain to be mistaken. 

In a little lake at the outlet of Bisco 
Creek, the men found a wild goose with 
the top of a wing broken. Apparently 
the goose had been shot miles away from 
the lakes, and, with outstretched wings 
had sailed to the place, settling on the 
water and being unable to rise again. 
The goose furnished a very tasty supper. 
On Wa-o-bush-Ka portage to Albert 
Huft'man Lake, a party headed by Mr. 
William Smith, of Madison, W^isconsin. 
was met and friendly greetings exchang- 
ed. They were on their way out from 
Sahkatawichtah Lake to Sudbury to out- 
fit for a trip up the Albany River. The 
guide had told them fairy stories of a 
brilliant gold discovery in that region 
and failing to find the gold committed 
suicide a few weeks later. 

Opeepeesway Lake is a beautiful sheet 
of water and abounds with trout, bass 
and pike, while ducks are plentiful and 
moose and deer abound. This is the old 
Hudson Bay canoe route to Flying Post 
and the portages are all well cut out. This 
route w^as followed to Sahkatawichtah 
Lake or Rush Lake, on the west bank oi 
w'hich is an Indian village. Here resides 
the Holy Woman, an old Squaw whom 
the Indians assert to 'have reached a cen- 
tury and a half. Charles Sanders (Pipe 
in the face), one of the guides, whose 
father had been a Hudson Bay Factor, 
stated tfhat his father had told him that 
when he was a boy the Holy A\'oman 
w^as then very old. Mr. Milles had the 
advantage of a chat with the Holy Wo- 
man and the party gave her pork, fiour, 
prunes, tea and a loaf of bread. It is 
clear that the woman is a great age and 
when the Indians refer to her they call 
her "Live for ever!" She still sets out 
a line of traps in the w-inter and. does fish- 
ing in the summer, mending and setting 
out her nets and attending to her winter 
trapping herself. She is very suspicious 
of strangers and steadily refused to face 
the camera. As a rule the Indians when 
they reach middle life, do not like being 
photographed for fear some calamity will 




A Cow Moose on Pebonishewening Lake. 

immediately follow. The young people 
however are careless and indifit'erent to 
these superstitious fears and rather en- 
joy being photographed than otherwise. 
Many of them will pose before the cam- 
era just as long and as often as the tour- 
ist wishes. 

On the return journey from Flying 
Post the party took the canoe route to 
Mattagami from Sahkatawichtah Lake to 
the east into Rice Lake. This lake is 
shallow and got its name from the wild 
rice growing here in the summer, when 
the Indians come from far and near to 
gather the rice harvest. Ducks were 
plentiful. Black Mallards were busy build- 
ing their nests and a few Redheads and 
Blue bill were seen. To the north of this 
lake is a large swamp and while out fish- 
ing at sunset a number of caribou were 
seen coming out for water. 

Xext morning Pebonishewening Lake 
which means Winter resort was reached. 
Here the moose were plentiful. All 
alonsf the shore herds of five to twentv 



30 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




Xo«M Swimmlnv Meteor Lake. 

moose could be seen. The fishing wa.s 
good and many fine catches were made. 
The Lake itself is most beautiful and 
camp was made in a place so entrancing 
that it was unanimously named "Angels 
Rest." Everyone was sorry when the 
time came for the party to leave this 
camp. 

The journey was resumed through a 
number of unnamed lakes in one of which 
they traded with an Indian by exchanging 
tea and pork for moose meat. In the 
course of conversation this Indian told 
them that some years before a white man 
trapped on one of those lakes and w^as 
found in his cabin one morning shot 
through the head. Mr. Armstrong con- 
firmed the story and stated that upon 
hearing of the tragedy he sent out a man 
from Bisco to bury the remains. The 
party discovered the place and found 
many evidences of previous occupation. 

In the evenings around the camp fires 
the Indians told many stories of W'ind- 
Cgo, their evil spirit and their dealings 



with him. They related with glee how 
they got the better of him on one occa- 
sion. On one of the lakes through which 
the party passed the entrance was be- 
tween two points of land, so closely ap- 
proaching each crther as to make the 
channel a narrow one. On one occasion 
when a large flotilla of Ind'an canoes had 
passed through this channel into the lake 
the Windego, in the expressive language 
of the Indians, "closed the door" and be- 
lieved he had the Indians trapped. He 
then raised a big storm on the lake. With 
the patience, which is one of their dis- 
tinguishing characteristics, the Indians 
waited and waited and when at length 
the storm settled into a gentle calm they 
opened the door and found the Windego, 
his patience exhausted by the long wait, 
had taken his departure. By dint of 
wearing out the Windego, the Indians es- 
caped. 

Mesonekander Lake, or Giant Beaver 
or Big Beaver Lake, is about twenty 
miles long and from one half to two miles 
wide. This lake furnished the explorers 
with several meals of perch, pike and 
pickerel. From this point to the Height 




Going down a Rapid on Muskego River. 



NOTES ON EXPLORATION TRIPS IX THE BACKWOODS 



31 



•of Land Lake is the canoe route to Meto- 
gami and the route to Gowganda. Many 
canoes passed the camp on the way to 
the northern silver fields. One canoe, in 
which were two Frenchmen, contained 
no outfit and no provisions, with the ex- 
ception of six oranges and a bunch of 
celery. They gave the men some fish 
and allowed them to go, expecting when 
they followed later to find their canoe 
along the banks of the shore. The men. 
however, had some grit in them and 
made the Fort, although at one rapids 
they had to drop their paddles and hang 
on to the sides of the canoe with their 
hands till taken to water shallow enough 
to allow them to feel their feet. At the 
same place two good canoemen were up- 
set and one lost his life. 

From the Height of Land Lake, the 
head waters of Muskegogoma Lake and 
River the explorers portaged into yiin- 
niesinaqua or Island Lake. Here were 
found plenty of fish, while the numerous 
:ents of the prospectors along the shores 
made the place look like a summer resort. 
To the north of this lake the Canadian 
Northern will cross with their new trans- 





A Clear Stretch. On the Way to Flying Post. 



Moose on Meteor Lake. 

continental, and many good farms will 
be worked here. Many signs of wolves 
were seen, and hardly a night passed 
without their hunting being heard, the 
inference being that many heads of big 
game were about. 

The party reached Fort Metogami 
early in June and received a great recep- 
tion from Z\Ir. Miller, the Factor in charge 
of the Post. They were assured by Mr. 
Miller that they missed a treat by reason 
of his bagpipes being broken, or other- 
wise he would have played them "a toon." 
However there were no broken hearts for 
the loss of the bagpipes and no one la- 
mented the absence of the "toon." Despite 
the loss of the bagpipes a dance was ar- 
ranged and the display of collars and 
other portions of dress usually connected 
with civilization could only be described 
as "fearful and wonderful." Quadrilles 
and Virginian reels were danced by the 
I'ght of candles. Mr.Milles retred early 
but was awoke later on in the night by 
exciting yells and thinking something ser- 
ious had happened dressed and returned 



33 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




Moose on the WfthnaplUe River. 

to the ball rouin only to find that the 
Indians excited by their music, were in- 
dulging in a war dance. Their music 
consists of only a few notes but constant 
repetition excites them until they work 
them.-^elves up into almost a frenzy. 

Mr. Miller has two cows and a bull 
which were taken in by canoes all the 
way from Moose Factory when they were 
calves. At the time of the visit he was 
just starting to plant his potatoes for the 
vear. and those which he supplied the 
travellers were found to be extremely 
good. They likewise discovered that the 
prices charged at the Post for provisions 
are such that it pays u<> man to pack them 
in. 

On leaving the Post the party proceed- 
ed down the Straight River, so called be- 
cause it is shown on the map as one 
straight line ( Mr. Milks named it the 
Donneganna River. Donneganna Lake be- 
ing the head waters of the river ) although 
it turned out so crooked that none of the 
partv in all their travels had experienced 
such a piece of in and out water before. 
Several of them expre'^'^ed a desire to 



help out the Government from the conse- 
quences of such a mistake by findmg the 
end of the river and pulling it out straight. 
They were disappointed in this laudable 
ambition by the fact that they were un- 
able to find the end of the river. 

By portage they proceeded to Opikin- 
imika Lake where they enjoyed good 
trout fishing. On the shores of this lake 
manv bear tracks were seen. On a short 
portage into Meteor Lake another was 
seen. Mr. Milles describes Meteor Lake 
as the gem of the lakes. The shores 
have sandv beaches and the water is so 
clear that the trout could be seen swim- 
ming thirty or forty feet below. These 
trout proved splendid fighters and excel- 
lent eating. Some years ago the Onap- 
ing gold mine was worked on the shores 
of this lake and the works can still be 
seen. 

To the east is a portage to a number of 
small lakes and Meteor Creek where 
moose are plentiful. Many ducks were 
seen nesting along the creek. 

On returning to Meteor Lake they saw 
a cow moose with two calves on her back 
swimming across. Naturally, as she saw 
th-e canoes, she started to swim faster to 
reach the shore. By this means she rais- 
ed larger waves and the calves .were 
washed oflf her back. These animals were 
so young they could not swim and mem- 
ber's of the party took them by the ears 
and dragged them to shore. Prior to this^ 
the old moose had tried hard to get them 
on her back again and failing had made 
for the shore. By the way she bawled 
and broke brush she gave the party clear- 
Iv to understand that they had better 
not approach too near to her ladyship. 
The calves when put on shore were too 
feeble to stand up. However when they 
were leff the mother speedily gave them 
attention. 

Along Raven Creek, the shores of which 
are very low many moose were seen and 
in one little lake leading out of this creek 
seven were seen at one time, the party 
having a splendid chance to watch them 
as they were feeding. 

Shoofly Lake was the next large body 
of water upon which they entered. This 
lake is surrounded bv sand hills and us 



NOTES OX EXPLORATION TRIPS IX THE BACKWOODS 



33 



pine clad shores present such 
scenes of beauty as to make it 
certain it will become one of the 
favorite resorts of the north in 
the not far distant future. The 
Canadian Xforthern will run a 
few miles west of this lake. 

The portage into Ohawama 
Lake is well cut out. The \\^ah- 
napitae River runs through this 
lake and it affords a good route 
for many prospecting and explor- 
ing parites. From Esker Lake to 
Conglomerate Portage thirty- 
nine moose were counted. Many 
(jolden Eyes. Blacks and Mal- 
lards were nesting and also blue 
lieron. Cow moose and calves 
were seen in considerable num- 
bers. On many occasions calves were 
pulled out of miry places and released. 

Around the camp fire one night one 
of the Indian guides remarked: "We seen 
a great deal of game today. We seen 
thirty nine moose, three mink, two mar- 
tin, six beaver and three Frenchman!" 
Indians always make distinctions between 
white men and with them a Frenchman 
is only a Frenchman I 

The party stopped at Rosie Creek and 
portaged over to Welcome Lake. From 
this portage to Wahnaptitae Lake the riv- 
er is full of rapids and falls and unless 
the traveller is an expert canoe man the 
route is one to be avoided. Wahnapitae 
Lake was reached at the end of June. 

Mr. Milles' estimate of the intelligence 
of the moose is not a high one. He 
has seen them do most stupid things and 
nothing but their great strength pnaMes 
them to escape from their enemies. ^Ir. 
Milles was asked if the Indians nii'ce 
good prospectors? He stated that there 
are a few good Indian prospectors but not 
many. As guides and packers and icr 
their knowledge of the woods and of the 
country, they are to be preferred. M''. 
Milles also stated that they are cleaner 
around camp and in cooking, and you 
never need to be afraid of a forest fire 
with them. 

On the wolf question Mr. Milles holds 
his own ideas. He does not think, con- 
sidering the vast extent of the Province. 




Leaving Oppecsawah. 

that wolves can be described as numerous. 
He does not approve of poisoning. Hav- 
ing had experience in hunting wolves m 
Russia and in the Western States he holds 
that they could be run down by dogs in 
Canada in the same way as in those coun- 
tries. He tells a story of two of his 
French Canadian guides going out to the 
railway for a bag of flour. The flour was 
made up in two fifty pound sacks and the 
men set off on the return trip. While it 
was still light they heard the cry of a 
pack of wolves hot on a deer trail. They 
at once abandoned the flour and shinned 
up a couple of trees. The wolves came 
and sat on their haunches looking at the 
two men, apparently wondering what 
they were doing in the trees at that time 
of the year. The}' did not go near the 
packs of flour and before the men could 
quite realize wliat had happened the 
wolves had taken their departure. The 
men were badly scared and did not make 
the camp till late that night. When they 
told of their adventures they were well 
chaft'ed for their course of action. Mr. 
Milles declared that the men were in no 
danger and as the snow was not deep and 
the rabbits were plentiful it was clear 
the wolves had not been made desperate 
by hunger and would probably not have 
troubled the men had they continued 
their journey without noticing them. 
On Raven Creek Mr. Milles found a 



34 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



set of moose horns which told the story 
of a great fight. Signs of the severity of 
the contest were still visible, although ap- 
parently six months had passed since it 
took place. The spread of the horns, 
which Mr. Milles brought out, were sixty 
inches and he is of the opinion that the 
conquering moose possessed an even big- 
ger set. 

Mr. Milles takes no other firearms in 
the busii than a 32 Colts automatic pistol. 
This is always kept out of sight until 
the necessity for using it arises. Having 
learnt the Indian art cf balancing when 
walking, Mr. Milles goes through the 
bush noiselessly. When he discovers 
game it is no great thing for him to make 
a close approach and one pistol shot well 
planted he finds sufficient to bring down 
the largest moose. He has no trouble 
with escaping game and shoots to kill 
on all occasions. As a prospector and 
engineer Mr. Milles' hunting is confined 
to the provision of fresh meat for the ex- 



ploring parties which he accompanies. 
He is also fond of wing shooting and be- 
ing naturally cool and collected he does 
not shoot until he pretty sure of his birds. 
The interest he takes in fish has led 
him to observe considerable difference in 
the pike north and south of the Height of 
Land. In the northern streams Mr. 
Milles states that the pike are yellow with 
firmer flesh and much better tasting. This 
is the case with the pike found in all the 
streams flowing north to Hudson Bay. 
In the waters flowing south the flesh is 
white and not so firm. He is sufficient al- 
so of a botanist to note with extreme in- 
terest the evolution of the flowers in cases 
where lakes are drying up and forming 
into marshes. Mr. Milles can talk most 
interestingly of flowers. He shows him- 
self a true explorer by his keenness of ob- 
servations not only upon animals, fishes, 
and birds, but also upon flowers and 
plants, the latter including both those 
growing upon land and in the water. 




t^oto by R. L. Forlt 



POSING ! 
The yoiinKstcr ou tl)e left ajipears vory much boreil. 



Mr. Joseph Vance and His Wild Animal Pets 



BY W. A. BRADLEY. B.A. 
PART II. 



ON one occasion when assisting his 
cousin at Ratho to split rails, 
about a quarter of a mile distant 
from the place where they were 
working. Mr. Vance's dog set up a fur- 
ious barking. The men took no notice of 
him, thinking it was a squirrel or some 
other small animal that he had treed, so 
left him there when they went home at 
night. Next morning when they return- 
ed the dog was still barking in the same 
spot. They worked throughout the fore- 
noon without paying any attention to 
him, but while at dinner Mr. Vance sug- 
gested to his cousin that they take the 
shotgun with them, and go and see w^hat 
the dog was so interested in. 

On returning to the place where they 
had been working they added the axe to 
their weapons of offence and went in the 
direction of the dog, who still kept up 
his barking. On coming to a large soft 
maple tree, standing on a little knoll 
beside a pond of water, they saw among 
its roots a large she-otter defending her 
little family. The dog had pulled away 
the sticks and twigs that protected her 
home, but she still kept him at bay. Mr. 
Vance's companion raised his gun and 
shot the mother, and they both ran to 
capture the family, but before they reach- 
ed the spot- the dog had two of the little 
family of four killed. They succeeded 
in rescuing the remaining two and each 
took one to his home. Mr. Vance fixed 
up a little house for his young otter in 
the blacksmith shop, fed it upon milk and 
bread, and it grew and became quite 
tame. 

It would come out and go round 
the shop while Mr. Vance worked alone, 
but always retreated to its box if any 
strangers came into the shop. It was 
very fond of mice, and became as expert 
as a cat in catching them. It completely 
banished them from the blacksmith shop. 
The name Peter was given to the otter, 
and he responded to it as readily as a 
dog, if the person calling him was not a 



stranger, but he was always suspicious 
of strangers. 

When Mr. Vance went to dinner, and 
locked the shop, Peter would come out 
and lie on the floor, where the sun would 
shine in through the window. His scent 
and instincts were intensely keen. If he 
was in the shop alone no person could 
come up to the door, or even touch the 
lock with the point of his finger without 
the otter checking him by uttering a 
short, plaintive bark. He was as playful 
as a kitten, and when he would come 
into the house would amuse himself b>- 
tormenting the old cat that lay under the 
stove. He would bite her tail and then 
make a circle round the stove, as much 
as to say, ''Let us play tag." He would 
return and renew the attack until he re- 
ceived a stroke from tht cat that taught 
him that it was better to stop \vhen the 
play was not dangerous. 

Peter formed quite a strong attachment 
for Spot, the old dog, and he seemed 
to have unbounded confidence in Spot's 
prowess as his champion and protector 
among his canine neighbors. He would 
follow the old dog around the village and 
always felt perfectly secure when he was 
with him. He seemed to feel that no 
dog would attack him when he was in 
Spot's company — in fact on some occa- 
sions he became the aggressor and made 
an attack on other dogs, biting them se- 
verely and causing them to run from hi^ 
presence yelling; but he never mustered 
up courage to attack another dog when 
Spot was not near at hand. Around the 
house he was as useful as a watchdog, ami 
particularly after dark would often indi- 
cate the approach of a stranger by his 
sharp bark before the dog would give 
the alarm. 

When he grew up the village dogs be- 
came acquainted with him, but none ven- 
tured to touch him as he strayed around 
the streets, an^., strange dogs, while they 
would bark at him, w^ould not attack him, 



3(5 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



l)Ut kept at a reasonable distance fi'om 
liis ottership. 

If Mrs. Vance went calling and her 
whereabouts was desired to be known, it 
could be instantly ascertained by put- 
ting Peter on her trail, and he would go 
directly to the house where she was and 
begin his plaintive bark at the door. 

But Peter's powers and skill were best 
seen as a fisher. In the spring, when the 
suckers came up stream, the otter was 
taken down to a large stump on the edge 
of the river, where the fish congregated. 
]\Ir. Vance would say to him, "Go in after 
the«i, Peter!" He would dive immedi- 



self, and no matter how a fish struggled 
Peter would always land it. 

From the way in which he brought 
them out of the water, it was evident 
that he dived under them and seized 
them from below always in the same 
place — just behind the pectoral fins. 

Often boys came and tried to borrow 
Peter for a day's fishing, but unless he 
was well acquainted with the person he 
could not be coaxed away from home. 

Through some accident Peter got a 
wound on the belly. Turpentine was ap- 
plied to the sore and every eft'ort made 
to save his life, but he sickened and 




Petor, tha Tame Otter. 



ately and in a few seconds would bring 
out a fish, lay it on the ground and look 
up into his master's face, as much as to 
say, 'Tf you don't want it I'll eat it my- 
self!" If Mr. Vance took up the fish and 
put it in the basket, Peter would imme- 
diately dive for another, bring it out, 
lay it on the ground and give the same 
significant look, and as long as the fish 
he brought was taken up he would go 
back and bring out another. When no 
attempt was made to take the last one, 
then Peter would quietly eat the fish him- 



died. There was a general expression of 
regret throughout the village when it 
was known that the pet otter was dead, 
for his visefulness as well as his clever- 
ness made him a general favorite with the 
people, and his history had been so often 
repeated to strangers who saw him run- 
ning about the village, that not only the 
villagers, but the dwellers in the imme- 
diate vicinity knew all about Peter, the 
pet otter. 

The next article will contain an ac- 
count of Mr. Vance's pet minks. 



Intelligence and Peculiarities of the Wild Goose 



BY JACK MINER. 



TO Study the intelligence and pecul- 
liarities of the wild goose is one of 
the most interesting subjects that 
can be taken up by any sportsman 
Although I have had a quarter of a cen- 
tury's experience hunting, coaxing and 
petting these dear old honkers I dont pre- 
tend to know hardly the letter A about 
them. 

Some of my personal experiences how- 
ever may prove interesting to readers and 
for that reason I have consented to re- 
late them. I know, if these are read they 
will set people thinking and they have 
done the same for myself. The first 
twenty years of my experiences isn't 
worth much attention as they were put 
in mainly coaxing and decoying these 
shy beauties within range of some natur- 
al looking scene on their feeding grounds. 
However I may give a hint or two on de- 
coying. Secure a blanket the color of 
the ground, tie three of the corners down 
and when you see the geese coming cover 
up. \A'hile holding the fourth corner of 
the blanket in one hand and your gun 
in the other, lay on the broad of your back, 
hold your breath and allow them to come 
right on top of you. Mever get in a 
corn shock or any likely looking hiding- 
place for their enemies but seek conceal- 
ment about seventy five or one hundred 
yards away from anything of the kind. 
Then, while they are watching these 
places, they are likely to swing right on 
to you and drop into your decoys, of 
which three to five will be found sufficient 
for your purpose. 

If the ground is covered with snow a 
white sheet and a white handkerchief for 
a skull cap, the ordinary cap being re- 
moved when the birds are seen, may be 
used. By such means I have had them so 
close to me that I could almost touch 
them. 

In Essex County, however, we get very- 
little wild goose shooting compared with 
western Canada. In the beginning of 
March a few flocks arrive and hang about 
till the middle of April. They feed in the 



cornfields during the day and fly back to 
Lake Erie or Lake St. Clair in the even- 
ing. 

While I always had luck of some kind 
in hunting them it was not till five years 
ago that I became really interested. At 
that time I purchased eight or ten live 
ones intending to use them as decoys. It 
took them about two years to become 
acquainted and finally one pair decided to 
set up housekeeping and raise a family. 
With this end in view they built a nest 
on the banks of a pond about otle hun- 
dred yards north of my tile shed door, 
and, fortunately, just at a place where I 
had a good view of them — in fact I couKl 
see the old goose on the nest as I stood 
in the doorway. 

I experienced some unnecessary trou- 
ble over that nest. It was right in the 




The Old Linder -Watching tho Cow. 



38 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



pasture field and I was afraid of the 
cow or one of the horses putting a clumsy 
foot into it. The other geese had to keep 
away from that end of the pond as none 
were a match for the old gander. 1 he 
old cart horse, Charlie worried me the 
most as he is about as mean with the 
other animals as the gander is to the rest 
of the geese. Why this pair of geese acted 
as thev did was a puzzle to me. A man 
niight'work all day within ^ few rods of 
the nest and unless he went close to it he 
would never know it was there. The 



one would have taken him for was a gan- 

One day I saw Charlie grazing near by 
and approaching closer and closer to the 
nest This was my opportunity and 1 
stayed and took it all in. When within 
two feet of the old goose he saw her and 
she at once raised herslf slightly, extended 
her wings and as her beak was almost six 
inches from his nose it seemed too near to 
be comfortable. That instant the gander, 
as though he had come out of the earth, 
crrabbed Charlie by the left fetlock. 




Jack Miners Home. Wild Geese on the Pond, 



goose would lie with her head and neck 
flat on the ground and the gander usually 
a rod or so away with his body almost 
covered in the water and his head and 
neck slightly curved above. With his eyes 
fixed on any intruder he looked for all 
the world like a poisonous snake ready 
to strike — in fact it is diflficult. if not im- 
possible to describe the feelings of any 
visitor looking at him. The last thing 



The old horse's tail w^ent into the air and 
jumping, coughing and snorting he speed- 
ily gave a wide berth to the nest. The 
scene was too laughable to be speedily 
forgotten. 

The grass grew high up around the 
nest but about three or four days before 
the eggs were due to hatch the old goose 
took sick. For fear the gander would 
not hatch the eggs I went to the nest, 



INTELLIGENCE AND PECULIARITIES OF THE WILD GOOSE 39 



fought him off and took the six eggs to 
the house. Putting them in warm water 
I was delighted to see that each egg con- 
lained life. Placing them under a Ply- 
mouth Rock hen I kept close watch and 
when the eggs pipped darkened the nest 
in order that Mrs. Hen would not see 
what she had. On June seventeenth 
the whole hatched out and when they 
were dry I let in the light, and found the 
hen mothering them well. Keeping them 
close to the house I never had nicer pets 
-^n the place. 



ten feet of them he stopped and used 
some goose language. Each gosling laid 
down and he advanced and appeared to 
caress each one. Then all stood up, flap- 
ped their wings and chattered till the old 
gander left them, still calling for the sick 
goose. The latter, although still too un- 
well to walk more than a few yards, at 
once came and the gander was busy for 
some time. Finally all started off to- 
gether until the gander noticed the hen 
following. With his stub wing he gave 
her a blow that sent her head over heals 




The Large Flock of Wild Geese Near the House. 



All this time the old gander wandered 
about the place honking and calling. 
Pieces of rails and blocks of wood were 
placed on the nest and it was astonishing 
how he managed to roll them away. 

When the youngsters were larger than 
their mother I coaxed them all through 
two gates into the pasture field. No 
sooner did they enter the field than the 
old gander made for them and I thought 
he was going to kill them all. W'ithin 



and a string of feathers and squaks right 
back to the old pen. 

The curious part of the story is that in 
a few hours the goslings returned and 
called the hen. She went to them as far 
as the fence but was afraid to fly down. 
Driving the gander away I dropped a lit- 
tle feed down and she was persuaded to 
rejoin the goslings. The goslings caress- 
ed her and when the gander saw it he at 
once took her part with the result that 



40 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



she contiued to live with the eight geese 
until cold weater drove her into the hen 
house. 

No hen before or since dared to go near 
the gander and no cock or hen dared go 
near that particular hen as long as she 
remained with the geese. The following 
summer the geese continued to salute 
their faithful old mother whenever they 
saw her. 

Old Mrs. Goose only partially recover- 
ed, and finally, one morning in January, 
1908, missing them I found her in a 
bad condition with the gander stand- 
ing by. I caried her to the cow stable 
and letting the cow out put the goose in. 
The gander flew at the cow. Later on 
when I returned with some dope the 
goose was dead and after plucking her 
I buried the rest. When I went again to 
the stable I found the cow in her stall 
and the gander beside her. Ever since 
that day he has haunted the cow, appar- 
ently blaming the animal for the loss of 
his wife. His screaming is enough to 
give one the horrors. He has become so 
thin that he looks more like a turke}^ 
than a goose. On two or three occasions 
the cow became lovesick and broke out, 
being found over a mile away though the 
gander was still at her heels. As a mat- 
ter of fact there was no trouble locating 
the cow as the gander's honking could 
be heard for a mile. When the cow 
is in the stable he roosts on the door- 
step. Although more than two years 
have now passed away since the gander 
lost his wife he still dislikes the cow, and 
is right at her heels today. 

In the spring of 1908 eleven wild geese 
made their home on the pond near by 
and in order to keep my agreement with 
my neighbours, we gave them one volley. 
When the smoke cleared away we had 
killed three or four. This frightened 
mine and they left the north pond and 
came to one near the house. To my sur- 
prise seven of the eleven were back next 
morning looking for their leaders and 
seeing mine at the pond near the house 
dropped in with them. In a few days 
they were quite tame, although one old 
fellow had three grains of shot in his 



breast. Every time I passed the pond he 
appeared to want to show them to me 
as he would stand on the brickwork with 
his ^breast to me and dress his wounds. 
This pond is only fifty feet from the 
public highway and seventy five feet 
from my back door. 

Many people would drive in, and tie up 
and advise me as to the best methods of 
killing those geese. One old gentleman 
of seventy was very particular in his 
description. His great grandfather killed 
'steen in one day when his first wife was 
alive, etcetra. 

No doubt owing to consideration for 
the w^ounded one, the wild geese stayed 
with me until May fifteenth when they 
lined up and w^ent straight north. Then 
the fun ibegan. So many people called 
me nam.es and declared I was a fool for 
allowing the geese to go in the hope of 
seeing them again that I began to think 
they were right. All the chaffing came 
to a close one morning in March, 1909, 
when hearing a strange honking I looked 
and saw twenty-^ight wild geese drop 
down with mine. There were some for- 
mal introductions and much talk and soon 
all settled down. In a few days eleven 
more dropped in and became acquainted. 

On April tenth, when on their way to 
feed, we shot ten and Charles Quick, of 
Kingsville, shot one later on as they were 
flying back and forth to Lake Erie. On 
May first the remaining twenty lined up 
and said good-bye, after first circling 
round and round, flying straight north. 

On March fourth of the pre§ent year 
about thirty came back and the flock 
grew larger every day for about two 
weeks, when to our surprise and delight 
we found that the numbers had increased 
by daily accessions to between two hun- 
dred and fifty to three hundred. We 
shot thirty-six and on April fifteenth a- 
bout fifty or sixty left for the north. On 
the following day I had the photographer 
up and the accompanying illustration is 
the result. 

I do not think it is possible any one 
else on the whole continent can produce a 



MY CHOICE 



41 



photo of these wildest of wild birds taken 
in as public a place as the pond on which 
they were disporting themselves close to 
riy house and near the highway when 
this picture was taken. 

If any brother sportsman would like to 
learn something more a'bout Mr. and Mrs. 
^Vild Goose they will find that the geese 
can teach them something if they will 
allow them. The most important secret 
in the art of getting friends with them, 
is to throw corn at them instead of shot — 
start feeding them in the back fields, and 
as soon as they become acquainted move 
the feed a field closer. Finally you will 
have them right at your house. 

Never try to drive them. Never walk 
straight at them. Always sidle up to 
them. Shut the farm dog away from 
them. Always call to them and they 
will soon learn your voice. 

When at last you come to the 
conclusion that you must shoot at them, 
or allow all to go with the chances that 
some one else will take your share, never, 
never shoot into the whole flock. Watch 
your chance and when you get four or 
six in some field by themselves pop it in- 
to them. You will find that they ofifer 
many opportunities of this kind. 

By following these directions many 
sportsmen, with very little trouble, could 
get "up a close acquaintance with wild 
geese and tell us many things concerning- 
these fine birds, about whose intelligence 
there has been a great deal written in the 
past. 

The sight of the geese as they fly in 
from the fields to the pond near the house 
is one not easily forgotten by any one for- 
tunate enough to witness it. When a 
bunch of nine to twelve swing in that 
way, with their loud honking, and drop 
their large black feet in the water it is 
a sight to stir the blood of any sports- 
man. 

Before closing allow me to write a few 
words on game protection. It is not the 
game that is wild ; it is ourselves who 
require civilizing. Canada is undoubtedly 
the breeding ground of eighty per cent. 
of our migratory birds and I ask what 
percentage of them we obtain? Don't 



blame the other fellows ; it is we who 
are largely to blame. When we shoot 
at geese and ducks every day in the week 
it is like saying to them: "We don't want 
you; go to them who understand how to 
kill you." W'hen we carry out such prac- 
tices they soon depart, and small blame 
to them. If only shot at two days out of 
the seven we could get ten where we 
now only get one. 

The accompanying illustrations show 
that civilization does not necessarily in- 
terfere with game. On dozens of occa- 
sions this spring I have seen the geese 
fly to the pond near the house for pro- 
tection when shot at elsewhere. What 
we all require is education in the best 
methods of protection. We should feed 
our birds in the marshes, shoot only two 
days in the week, kill all we want and no 
more, and allow those not thus cut off 
to return quietly and settle down once 
more. If we did this we should find 
when we returned that the birds were 
thicker than ever. What we want to 
learn is the art of game preservation if 
we expect to retain game. Take this 
township for an illustration of this con- 
tention. Up to two years ago not ten 
wild geese were killed in a whole season. 
I have been out myself for three morn- 
ings in succession and never saw a goose. 
The accompanying illustrations will 
amply prove the different conditions pre- 
vailing today. 

When the last photo was taken there 
were about one hundred and ninety wild 
geese on and around the pond, which is 
one hundred and seven feet in diameter. 
It will be noticed by those who examine 
the picture closely that little Freddie and 
his dog are near the fence to the extreme 
right and some of the geese are only fif- 
teen feet from them. 

The success of this experiment should 
encourage others to engage in similar 
work. They may be assured that what- 
ever the measure of their direct success 
may be they will be amply rewarded by 
the numerous interesting incidents that 
will occur during the course of their ef- 
forts. In my own case I have been re- 
paid many times over both directly and 
indirectly. 



Hunting and Fishing in New Brunswick 

Description of a Fine Territory 



THE fame of New Brunswick's hunt- 
ing and fishing have attracted so 
many people from the States of late 
years, even from as far south as 
Florida, that a description of one of these 
territories, the headquarters of which is 
Bathurst, N. B., will, we are sure, be per- 
used by our readers with considerable 
interest. This description is that of a 
frequent visitor, whose financial interests 
led him to make a close study of the nat- 
ural resources of the district. 

From Bathurst on the Intercolonial 
Railway the famous Bald Mountain dis- 
trict, at the headwaters of the Nipisiguit, 
Miramichi and Tobique, a large tribut- 
ary of the Saint John, can be reached. 
This is described as the greatest moose 
hunting country in the world. In the last 
few years a good road for rough wagons 
with substantial bridges across the 
streams, has been cut straight across 
country, from Bathurst to Indian Falls, 
Bear House, these Falls being on the 
Nipisiguit River. By this road the sports- 
man is landed fifty-two miles up the river 
and a tiresome canoe journey thus cut off. 
These falls are famous for trout fishing, 
trout of six pounds' weight often being 
taken from there on the fly. From this 
centre the sportsman has the choice of 
several directions the most satisfactory of 
which, perhaps, is the Bald Mountain re- 
gion which begins nearby. 

By sending the cano''"'> and guides with 
the provisions ahead, either by the road 
or by the river, a saving of time is made. 
The Intercolonial railway trains arrive at 
Bathurst from Montreal in the morning 
and by having everything ready to start 
on arrival the sportsman may reach the 
Indian Falls the same night, certainly the 
next day, thus avoiding a long journey by 
the river that takes the best part of a 
week. If. on the other hand he should 
arrive at Bathurst from St. John in the 
evening, he can make an early start the 
next morning, and very little time is lost. 

At the head of the Nipisiguit are sev- 
eral large and beautiful lakes, of wh'ch 
the largest is Nipisguit. There are few 



places in America as beautiful as Bath- 
urst or lakes as beautiful as Nipisiguit. 
In every direction there is a wilde^nes^ 
of low mountain peaks, covered with un- 
broken forest. These lakes are joined 
together by the river and after leaving 
the last lake the sportsman can portage 
over a well-worn trail, the old trail of the 
Micmacs, to Lake Nictor, the feeder oi 
the Tobique. No one who has not seen 
it can have any idea of the beauty of thi> 
region. This is the home of the large 
moose, and on the slopes of the moun- 
tains surrounding the lakes they are al- 
ways to be found. Besides the Bald 
Mountain district and its lakes, there are- 
several favorite camping-grounds all a- 
long the river. The Gordnn Meadows, 
near the Grand Falls of the Nipisiguit. 
another grandly beautiful scene, is an ex- 
cellent place to go to, and seldom has a 
camp been made on the Gordon brook 
that the party did not get all the game 
the law allows them to kill. 

Middle Landing, sixteen miles from 
Bathurst, Nine Mile Brook furthur up. 
Austin Brook just above the Grand 
Falls, are a few of the places that 
are counted sure camping grounds for 
big game. In fact, any place on the 
Nipisiguit from the Pabineau Falls, eight 
miles from Bathurst to the head of the 
river is moose country. All along th.e 
river the moose find the alder and poplar 
trees, on which they. feed, and in all the 
small lakes and ponds are found the lih- 
roots and bulbs for which they will travel 
many miles. At the heads of the Pabin- 
eau, Nine Mile Brook, and nearly ever\- 
tributary of the Nipisiguit, and the in- 
terior, between the rivers, there are good 
sized lakes, many of which are not map- 
ped. All these lakes contain trout of 
good size, and are the resort of moose. 
cari])ou and deer. 

One of the greatest caribou districts in 
Canada is that to the eastward of Bath- 
urst and Newcastle, known as the Tab- 
usintac barrens. One hundred caribou 
have been seen there in a day, and it is a 
very unusual thing for a sportsman to g') 



HUNTING AND I-ISlllNG IN NRW BRUNSW ICK 



43 



iliere and come hack without game, and 
generally he gets all he wants. The old 
Bathnrst and Newcastle road, which was 
the coaching road before the railroad was 
built, crosses theTabusintac, half-way l)e- 
tween the two towns, or twenty-live 
miles from either, and the barrens can be 
easily reached from the road. Another 
way is to go down the Caraquet railway 
to Burnsville, drive to Paqiietville, and 
cross over to the Pockmouche and the 
Tracadie by what is known as the St. 
Isadore road. From the Tracadie the 
barrens can be reached in a few hours. 
By getting on the Intercolonial at near- 
ly any station between Bathurst and 
Newcastle a few hours" walk will land the 



guides, who have canoes there, and some 
of the largest heads brought out of the 
district have been gotten there. 

A good feature in connection with the 
hunting in this district is the salmon and 
trout-fishing. The trout, which are very 
abundant on the upper part of the N.pisi- 
guit and in the lakes around Bathurst, 
are just as good eating during the fall as 
at any other time of the year. The sal- 
mon fishing in the Nipisiguit is unusually 
fine. 

The country is full of interesting leg- 
ends of the Micmacs, the Indians who 
once inhabited this region and fished all 
along the Nipisiguit. When the explor- 
er Jacques Cartier entered Lake Chaleur 




View of Nipisiguit River from Camp Bogan, Bathurst, New Brunswick. 



sportsman in the midst of the caribou or 
moose grounds. There are lakes, called 
the Bass River lakes, about five miles 
from Red Pine station, for instance, and 
this is a favorite place, and almost a cer- 
tain one to get a moose. The same may be 
said of Bartibogue and Beaver Brook sta- 
tions, trails from which lead to the head 
waters of the Bartibogue river, a splendid 
place for caribou, and one of the best 
trout streams in the Province. 

The Tetagouche lakes, a short d'stance 
from Bathurst, toward the north afford 
another favorite hunting ground. There 
are good camps on the lakes, built by the 



in the spring of 1534, he found the Mic- 
macs inhabiting the whole of the adjoin- 
ing country. Owning and hunting over 
such a large country they continued for a 
great many years to be a large and for- 
midable tribe. During the wars between 
the English and the French for the pos- 
session of Canada the Micmacs were gen- 
erally to be found on the side of the 
French. The consequence was that the 
first English settlers at such places at 
Miramichi and the Bale de Chaleur had a 
difificult time. However, after the War 
of the Revolution they settled down and 
became what they are now, very harmless. 



44 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Although many are living in New Bruns- 
wick and Eastern Quebec, the principal 
settlement is at Cross point, opposite 
Campbellton, where they have a large 
reservation, a well-built village and many 
farms, as well as their own church, cler- 
gyman, schools, etc. They hunt and fish, 
also, and make excellent guides for hunt- 
ers and fishermen. This Indian settle- 
ment is about sixty miles from Bathurst. 
There is another Indian reservation on an 
island in Bathurst bay, and, also, one on 
the Xipisiguit river, six miles south of 
Bathurst. 

Bathurst is a beautifully situated town, 
with good hotels, livery stables, and all 
conveniences for the tourist and sports- 
man. The Basin is a lovely sheet of 
water. The rivers, four of which empty 
into the Basin, are very swift and have 
many falls that are well worth visiting. 
There are fine shaded drives in the vicin- 
ity of the town, and three miles away 
there is a village of cottages that are 
kept up in the summer by visitors who 
go there for the excellent sea-bathing. 
The beach is hard and there is just surf 
enough to add zest to the bathing. 

Bathurst harbor is remarkably fine, 
but a sandbar at the entrance from Chal- 
eur Bay rendered it inaccessible to the 
larger steamers from England through 
the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Chaleur 
bay. However, this difficulty is soon to 
be remedied, as the Canadian govern- 
ment is appropriating a large sum for 
dredging the harbors, and when this is 
done Bathurst will become a great ship- 
ping centre. 

At present the town has a population 
of 3,500. The people have not been very 
enterprising in the past, and have been 
content to earn a very modest living by 
fishing in the bay for the cod and had- 
dock that there abound. But now the 
town is developing very rapidly, and the 
people are waking up and are no longer 
contented to live as their fathers did fifty 
years ago. 

Besides the fishing, the lobster indus- 
try is furnishing employment to many, 
and there are several lobster packing 
factories just outside of Bathurst. 

Mr. F. S. Morse, of Springfield, Mass., 
gives the following interesting account 



of his salmon fishing experiences: 

Although I had not the time at my dis- 
posal to try my luck at big game, having 
one day alone to spare. I thought I would 
try my luck at a salmon if opportunity 
offered. Accordingly I sought Henry 
Bishop, the principal lessee of the Nepisi- 
guit river. Perhaps if I could not have 
the sport of salmon fishing myself, I 
might be permitted the poor satisfaction 
of seeing the other fellow have it. Mr. 
Bishop, in addition to being the chief 
game and fish warden of this region, is the 
postmaster of Bathurst. He proved to 
be amiable and confirmed the truth of my 
investigations that there is no free sal- 
mon fishing in the Province, but explod- 
ed the theory that outsiders can not 
lease fishing privileges inexpensively, in 
fact he makes a practice of leasing pools 
on the Nepisiguit — and there can scarce- 
ly be better. 

It seems that a party had been fishing 
in some of the best pools at the Indian 
reservation, a dozen miles up the river, 
without having raised a salmon, but Mr. 
Bishop declared that since the weather 
and water conditions were fast changing, 
the chances v/ere that the luck would also 
change, and suggested that I try some of 
the pools myself. Here, 'now, was a 
stroke of good fortune. I had salmon 
flies, leaders, line and reel, but no rod. 
"Easy enough," said Mr. Bishop, 'T will 
lend you mine." 

A team conveyed me to a Micmac In- 
dian reservation the following morning, 
where I secured the services of a couple 
of dusky braves, who placed me in the 
middle of a birch-bark canoe and pushed 
me out into the rapid current of the 
Nepisiguit. Though skilled in casting 
with a light trout rod, it required nearly 
an hour's practice to make a fair cast 
with Mr. Bishop's two-handed one. When 
my Indian guides found that I had at 
last the hang of it they pushed up stream 
to a pool where a salmon had been seen 
jumping the day before. 

At length the canoe was brought to a 
standstill by the setting poles, and I was 
told to cast in the pool. The river all 
looked alike to me ; but I followed in- 
structions and cast my Jock Scott where 
the pool was said to be. Again and yet 



A DAY WITH THE DUCKS IN SASKATCHEWAN 



45 



again I cast, when suddenly I had a strike 
that fairly sent my heart into my mouth. 
1 yanked. Then under water I felt a 
long steady pull. My companions shout- 
ed. "You got him ! Don't pull too hard ! 
There he goes !" 

Up came the salmon full length out of 
the water, four feet long if he was an 
inch. Then a plunge into the water, and 
he was off with a rapidity that made the 
reel sing. I gave him the butt and let 
iiim go; but my hundred yards of tarpon 
line was nearly run out before he slack- 
ened and I reeled in taut. Fifteen times 
he leaped clear of the water, and twice 
he crossed the swift and broad river. For 
three-quarters of an hour it was a battle 
royal, with no odds. When at last his 
struggles grew weaker and I had him 
coming, we put in shore; and one of the 
Indians seized the landing net and sprang 
into the water waist-deep. He made a 
lunge at the salmon with the net, but the 
king of the river, gathering strength for 
one last effort, swerved and was away 
again like a flash. I jabbed the handle of 
the rod into the ground and held on with 
both hands ; yet I could hardly hold him. 
But it was the last round. The tension 



finally relaxed; I reeled him in, and this 
time he came to the net. The Indians 
seized my hand in congratulation. I 
looked upon the panting salmon with re- 
spect. I could scarcely believe that he 
weighed only eighteen pounds. I filled 
my pipe and rested for half an hour. The 
previous forty-five minutes had been ex- 
hausting; assuredly the most exciting 
forty-five minutes I had ever known at 
the fishing game. 

When my strength had returned and 
my nerves were sufficiently tranquil, I 
tried another pool. Hardly had my fly 
touched the water than the great dorsal 
fin of a salmon rolled over for the fly, and 
twitch ! I had him. This salmon knew 
a thing or two. Down the river he went 
like lightning and my line was nearly 
unreeled before we could give chase. 
Then those Indian braves got busy, and 
I was poled down the current at a speed 
I have never seen equalled in a canoe. 
In twenty-five minutes by the watch we 
caught up with the salmon, and he, too, 
was netted. He tipped the scales at 14^'4 
pounds. One more salmon, 9 pounds in 
weight, finished my day's fishing on the 
Nepisiguit. 



A Day With the Ducks in Saskatchewan 



LAST fall it was my privilege to 
spend a few months in the north- 
ern portion of the Province of 
Saskatchewan. At that time I 
was a "tenderfoot" in more ways than 
one — it was first visit to the west and 
my first hunt with a shot gun. 

I had been well primed upon all the 
possibilities of the sport and was conse- 
quently worked up to fever heat when 
a bunch of us turned out at four on the 
morning of September first with a view 
of having a crack at the ducks. 

We had very good sport and I also 
obtained the most beautiful black and 
blue arm and shoulder I ever saw, in fact 
I displayed all the colours of the rainbow. 
I was game to learn and stayed with 
my companions till I couldn't see wheth- 
er I hit or not for the tears that came into 
my eyes, with the pain following each 
explosion. 

I had previously hunted deer in Ontar- 



io but found a shot gun a very different 
proposition to a non-kicking Winchester. 
Right here I may say that I am a believer 
in still hunting. I never could bear to 
sit huddled up in a boat or stand still 
on a runway, allowing the dogs to 
have the sport, and performing the but- 
cher stunt when game was driven my 
way. 

However I am digressing. Although I 
always enjoyed my annual hunt in the 
crisp, invigorating air of Ontario, I am 
bound to say that for a good day's sport, 
a full bag and a healthy appetite I can 
strongly recommend a day with the 
ducks on the little inland lakes of the 
western provinces. 

One beautiful day in early September 
I journeyed to Wynyard, near which are 
situated the fine Quill Lakes. These had 
been strongly recommended to me for 
ducks and I was eager to try my for- 
tune after all I had heard on the subject. 



4:6 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



At that time tlie branch line on which 
Wynyard is situated had its terminus at 
that place and the Agent, being a friend 
of mine, secured a party to acconipaity 
me and incidentally for themselves to en- 
joy a day with the ducks. It was hot at 
high noon when we started across the 
almost treeless prairie in the direction oi 
an arm stretching out into Little Quill 
lake, the northernmost of the two Quills. 
Originally we had arranged to hunt the 
sloughs on our outward trip, but after 
a few unsuccessful efforts in that direc- 
tion we made up our minds, on account 
of the excessive heat, to strike out, as 
straight as we could to our destination. 

The trail took us along the eastern 
shore of the Big Quill Lake, a fine large 
body of water. I feel I have good 
grounds for prophesying a brilliant fu- 
ture for this lake as a popular summer 
resort. The lake has smooth sandy 
shores, is near the railway line and its 
large size as compared with most of the 
so called inland lakes of the west gives.it 
marked superiority. 

Although we were in excellent posi- 
tions in good time for the evening flight 
we only succeeded in getting a couple ot 
birds each, the flight being very poor 
owing to the excessive heat. 

Our party consisted of the following: 
Jim Black, the proprietor of a general 
store and a big good natured Scotchman ; 
Frank Michel, of Dutch ancestry, who is 
proprietor of the Hotel Wayne (and a 
good house it is) ; Joe Bowen who runs a 
livery barn and tells many funny stories ; 
W. H. McNally, local agent of the- Cana- 
dian Pacific Railway, and yours truly, 
the scribe. 

With the exception of myself all were 
crackshots and I was treated to the finest 
exhibition of wing shooting I ever wit- 
nessed or ever expect to witness. Michel 
was armed with a Remington pump gun 
and I saw him take a flock of five ducks 
in full flight, one after the other, al- 
though I admit he had to expend his 
sixth shell in finishing one of them. 
Many contests took place between Mich- 
el and Black and the former had the ad- 
vantage of his pump gun over a double 
barrelled Fox. which was Black's favor- 
ite. 



After the evening flight we drove in- 
land for three miles to a settler's farm 
and found accommodation for man and 
beast — a big, soft bed in the hay loft 
for ourselves and stalls for our horses 
in the stable. 

Morning saw us up betimes and a has- 
ty breakfast was quickly despatched. 
Michel imprudently, and contrary to all 
the good advice we gave him, would per- 
sist m eating a tin of sardines and suffer- 
ed for his obstinacy later on. 

The point for wh'ch we made in order 
to secure our morning shoot was a long 
arm reaching out into the lake for over 
half a mile — an arm fifty yards wide at 
its base and narrowing down to ten yards 
at its apex. We drove the team into a 
bluff about halfway out and after giving 
them a few sheaves of oats, proceeded 
towards the apex of the spit, stationing 
ourselves about twenty-five yards apart 
and waited for the dawn. It was a dark 
morning with a heavy east wind, and to 
me this wait was as inspiring, as the 
shooting afterwards was good. The roar 
of the surf on the gravelly shore, the 
breeze sweeping down the lake and the 
faint quack of some ducks lying in the lee 
of the spit, gave us ample means for pass^ 
ipg the time pleasantly. 

After a short wait the sun began to 
throw' some feeble rays through the dark 
clouds and upwards and outwards across 
the tumultuous bosom of the lake, lashed 
to whitecaps by the ever increasing wind. 
To the north a Canadian Northern train 
was making its way, marking its going 
by a volume of dark, black smoke that 
whirled down with the wind, mingling 
with the grey clouds that still hid the 
splendour of Old Sol. 

From where we stood to the other 
shore of the lake was a scant five hun- 
dred yards and we knew the ducks would 
follow the water down to the smooth 
water on the other side of our point. 
As a matter of fact the wind was so 
strong they flew^ across the spit itself and 
directly over our heads. We required 
no bothering decoys to bring them to our 
guns. Whether the nearness of the lake 
had anything to do with the fact or not 
I am unable to say but Michel's sardines 
decided to swim and as his stomach was. 



A DAY WITH THE DUCKS IN SASKATCHEWAN 



47 



too confined they left it. Poor Dutch was 
all in, and covering him with a horse 
blanket we left him to rest awhile. 

While it was still too dark to see them 
we could hear the whirr and whiz of the 
early birds. Presently the shafts of light 
became continuous and we saw the ducks 
as they came in bunches of five, flocks of 
twenty to thirty, a lone drake now and 
then — all coming dow^n the wind. To me 
it seemed only a moment from first catch- 
ing sight of a flock until they were past 
and gone. I fired whenever I thought 
I saw the ghost of a chance but I missed 
far more of them than I hit, while my 
companions appeared to be killing every 
time. 

Right here I should like to remark that 
if there is anything harder to kill than a 
duck coming down the wind at express 
speed, in the first dawn of a dark morn- 
ing, I would like to hear of it. 

As the day brightened we all obtained 
lots of shooting and although the wind 
would take some of our dead ones clean 
over the spit and into the lake, to be 
speedily carried out by the waves, our 
dog performed nobly and retrieved all 
that could possibly be recovered. He had 
one bad fault : he invariably took all he 
retrieved to his master and consequently 
Black had the biggest bag. 

When the shooting became fast and 
furious Michel came back to life and 
made many good kills. None of us shot 
for game we considered out of reach, but 
humanely waited for closer shots. Al- 
though we obtained less ducks through 
carrying out this policy we gained easy 
consciences, as we knew no cripples were 
left behind to die lingering deaths. 

That morning with the ducks was the 
sporting event of my life. The cool, ex- 
hilarating air, the roar of the surf, the 
whirr, whirring of the ducks, the crump- 
ling of the game as they fell, with pleas- 
ing plunks, almost at our feet, all arous- 
ed the most pleasant feelings. I class 
that morning in memory's storehouse 
with the recollection of my first deer. 

I can recommend the Quill Lakes dis- 
trict as an ideal hunting spot. Our bag 
was big and contained many varieties — 
mallards and canvas backs forming the 
bulk, but we also included red heads. 



broadbills, big black ducks and sweet 
little teal, as well as a dozen other var- 
ieties with whose proper names I am not 
acquainted. 

The canvasback leaves the district ear- 
ly and although I was around till Octo- 
ber I never shot another canvasback. 
The mallards, however, continued to 
come down from the north t:ll the end 
of the season. The country likewise a- 
bounds in geese and blue cranes. The 
latter I have shot and found very palat- 
able. 

I was sorry not to get a goose. I went 
out after them often enough but although 
I had several shots I never was lucky 
enough to kill one. Probably the reas- 
ons were that I was green and used too 
small shot. 

On account of the high wind we ([uit- 
ted shooting about nine o'clock and made 
tracks back to Wynyard with our game. 
On crossing a settler's farm we raised sev- 
eral coveys of chicken but the season was 
not on. The settler, whose name is 
Ericson, almost forced us stay and dine 
with him and a right good dinner he pro- 
vided. He is a whole-souled man and 
although it was his busy season he 
knocked off for a couple of hours to en- 
tertain us. I feel as though I can still 
taste his wild duck pie and hear him pres- 
sing us to have more. Indeed he was 
so eager to secure our enjoyment and 
gratification that he forgot to eat him- 
self. 

He came to the Canadian West from 
the States and securing a section of fine 
land had the greater part in crop while 
as yet the railway was far off. We spent 
a pleasant couple of hours with him af- 
ter dinner and after helping him stack up 
some grain to aid our digestion we made 
a new start for home, reaching Wyn- 
yard about four in the afternoon. 

Most of the ducks were quickly car- 
ried off by our married friends and the 
hotel took some with which to regale 
poor bachelors like myself. I left the 
West and its bunch of good fellows witn 
deep regret and am figuring how I can 
arrange my vacation this year so as to 
pay them another visit and take a fur- 
ther crack at the ducks on Little Quill 
Lake. 



Good Fishing Despite the Weather 



BY WILLIAM HICKSON. 



WHEN you feel jaded, your eyes 
ache and your brain swims from 
l)usiness cares or worries your 
long-ing for the freedom of the 
woods become intensified, your desires 
for the quiet waters increase and the 
]iope of the fishing or hunting vacation 
buoys you up till the day for the com- 
mencement of the trip comes round. 

Last August it was arranged to in- 
clude in our party Bruce, Sam and the 
writer, but later on, Joe, who was anx- 
ious to have a share in an outing to the 
northern lakes, sought admission and 
was accepted. Each one of us was in 
high spirits, picturing to himself the glor- 
ies of playing the wary salmon or bring- 
ing down the Golden-eye, _the Blue-bill, 
or perchance a stray Black as they wing- 
ed their way to and from their feeding 
grounds. Each one procured the most 
up-to-date fishing tackle and an abun- 
dant supply of smokeless shells. 

While engaged in making our prepar- 
ations the weather was ideal, and each 
revelled, in anticipation, in the joys of 
the autumn woods, mellow with sun- 
shine and brilliant in colouring. It is 
well we know not what the future has in 
store, for often we should be robbed of 
(Hir pleasant anticipations if we knew 
in advance how they would turn out. 
When our teamster arrived at half-past 
six on Monday morning the wind blew 
from the south, and the clouds were low- 
ering. Neither of these ominous signs 
dampened our ardour or depressed our 
.•spirits. We packed the wagon with 
right good will and were ofT shortly after 
seven. 

Only six miles had been covered when 
the threatened rain came down, not in 
gentle showers but in buckets full and 
we had to put canvas and water-proofs 
over our bedding and provisions. The 
next twenty-four miles were covered in 
the pelting rain. In endeavoring to keep 
ourselves dry we were unable to watch 
for the rufTed grouse, always to be seen 
on a drive through the long stretches of 



the various woodlands. However the 
boys' sharp eyes espied one on the road- 
side, standing like a statue in a weary 
land. 

Slop, slop, went the horses' feet in the 
mud and slush as they dashed along at 
a post chaise rate till we arrived at Lake 
Massassaga, whose bosom was beauti- 
fully stellated by the heavy drops of fal- 
ling rain. We did not, however, stop 
to admire the view but got to work to 
unload our dufTle, accomplishing the task 
in great haste and crossing the lake in 
our laden canoes to our island camp 
ground. The rain still poured down 
when we arrived amid the oaks and coni- 
fers and to jar any of the foliage meant 
to get a free shower bath. 

We put up the tents in haste on the 
same spot on which we have camped for 
the last two seasons. Speedily we had a 
fire going and our dinner cooking all of 
us badly needing some refreshments as 
we had not broken our fast since early 
morning. 

By two o'clock a steaming meal was 
served in our largest tent before which 
we had built a huge fire. That meal 
was heartily enjoyed despite the depress- 
ing surroundings. The steam rose from 
our clothing as we sat there partaking of 
our well earned meal with a wonderful 
relish. As the rain still continued with 
a steadiness that promised an all night 
downpour, we piled great logs and pine 
roots on the fire to give it force to over- 
come the rain and impart some good 
cheer to us. As the shades of night ap- 
proached our evening meal was served 
and after a few games we turned in for 
the night, still listening to the rain. 

In the morning it was still raining but 
the boys, who were bubbling over with 
energy donned their rubber coats and 
were off by six o'clock. They carried 
a deep trolling line in the hope of secur- 
ing a salmon. Returning an hour later 
they had a beauty and we all enjoyed 
fresh salmon with an extra relish for our 
first breakfast for the season in camp. 



GOOD FISHING DESPITE THE WEATHER 



49 



The rain continued all the morning 
but there were signs of al)atenient at 
dinner and we hastened to secure min- 
nows for bait for the evening's fishing. 
Four o'clock found us at our old stands, 
making casts as we had done on many- 
previous occasions with the result that 
we landed nine nice salmon. 

Games and gossips before a huge camp 
fire passed the time pleasantly till ten 
o'clock when we retired buoyed up with 
hopes of a brighter day on the morrow. 
I was mightily amused over the specula- 
tions of the boys as to the growth of 
whisker and moustache they might ex- 
pect in two weeks. The hopes they so 
confidently expressed never materialized 
and as yet neither of them can sport a 
whole goatee or a charming moustache. 




Our Camp on Corona Island. 

All our surroundings had a most 
dreary appearance when we arose the 
following morning. Heavy rain had fal- 
len during the night, the ashes of our 
camp-fire were like mortar, the wood 
was soaking wet, the brown oak leaves 
glistened with the large drops hanging 
from their points, the blue jay uttered his 
plaintive cry, a south-west wind gently 
waved the branches, the clouds hung 
low, and everything betokened more 
rain. Notwithstanding all these omin- 
ous signs Sam and the writer hit a fine 
looking trail at. the east end of the lake 
and entered upon a tramp to Cloudy Lake. 
The trail led on a high ridge, through 
beautiful oaks, pines and hardwoods — 
a most excellent ground for ruffed grouse. 
\\'e flushed over twentv and found our- 



selves at the end of the trail at Cold 
Lake and not Cloudy Lake as we sup- 
posed. 

We brought back nothing but heart v 
appetites and after satisfying them spent 
the remainder of the day in talking over 
the past and indulging in hopes for the 
future. Bleak and cold, and with a fine 
rain falling at intervals, the next day, 
proved no better than its predecessors. 
Sitting in the tent had become irksome 
and Bruce and Joe determined to see 
what they could find in the marshes on 
the west side of the lake, while Sam 
and the writer went to the south-east, 
and placed our decoys. Sant took up a 
commanding position where he could see 
everything that might swoop down near 
his flock of wooden whistlers and blue- 
bills, while I started down the east shore 
of the Alassassaga River to see what 
ducks I could stir up from the bog's 
along the stream and drive them to 
Sam's decoys. After travelling three 
hours over granite ridges and through 
indescribable tangles in the valleys I re- 
turned to find that Sam had only caught 
sight of two ducks in my absence. Al- 
though the sight of ducks was a rare one 
plenty of bear signs were in evidence, 
and kept us all on the alert throughout 
the mizzly days. Not a single bird ac- 
companied us back to camp but we dis- 
cussed the bear signs and regretted 
again and again that we had not brought 
our rifles. 

A few days later Alfred Irwin and 
Charles Freeborn, two youths of sixteen 
summers took their rifles and accompan- 
ied by an active little spaniel, went a 
short distance south of where I had seen 
the signs. They made a detour to the 
east and were on their homeward stretch 
when they heard the dog utter a distress- 
ed and frightened yelp. In another in- 
stant they saw the dog coming down a 
hill at its record speed followed by a 
huge angry, black bear, growling as he 
gave chase. Both pursued and pursuer 
thundered through the dried leaves 
straight for the boys. The latter were 
startled and even dismayed to find them- 
selves in such close quarters with a bear. 
Alf, in his desperation, cried out "Plug 



50 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



liiiii. Charlie!" while Charlie yelled "Vou 
plug him. too!" There was no choice 
except to "plug" or become a bear's sup- 
per. Accordingly the boys "plugged" 
with might and main till the bear rolled 
over dead at their feet with six bullets in 
his head. They then found that they had 
a choice specimen of a glossy jet black 
bear, weighing three hundred and forty 
pounds and as fat as butter. The youth- 
ful bear hunters were highly congralu 
lated on their coolness and success in a 
trying situation. 

To return to my fishing story. Rain 
was still falling with a fine drizzle on 
Friday morning but we determined upon 
active operations, and securing bait we 
were ofT in the afternoon to our old point 
to try the salmon. Rare sport was ours 
for the space of one hour. Xo sooner 
were the casts made than the baits were 
seized and the lines drawn taut by the 
greedy salmon. Each had his work cut 
out and each had his successes till nine- 
teen beauties lay side by side in our pile. 

As the rain was being driven by a cold 
north wester we voted to leave this king- 
ly sport till the weather man should hand 
out some milder weather. ^^ e would 
have liked a photograph of this fine 
string, but Old Sol w^oitld not shine and 
we had to clean our fish. From our ex- 
periences on this trip we concluded that 
every party should have a time camera 
if they do not wish to meet with sim'lar 
disappointments to our own. 

Still more rain on the Saturday We 
had stood it for six successive days 
and as it was pattering on our tent on 
Saturday we recited the old nursery 
rhyme: 

Fitter Patter falls the rain 

Fitter patter on the window pane. 

We had had too much, however, to 
appreciate either the eflFect or the senti- 
ment, and at our urgent request a music- 
al interlude was taken. Sam tuned his 
mandolin and struck the chords of some 
old time melodies \Vhile Bruce caught 
the notes with his melodious bass voice 
and the rocks, glens, caves and dells re- 
verberated to the sounds of sweet music, 
while Joe and the writer were lavish 
with encores. So carried away were we 
that we thought of Shakespeares's words, 



"Mark the man who is not moved by 
sounds of sweet music." Indeed we 
even forgot our dinner till the hour of 
noon had passed. 

In a surprisingly short time with all 
hands assisting and obeying the cook a 
good dinner was on the board and as we 
partook of the plentiful meal with a re- 
lish peculiar to campers we debated as 
to whether we could the more easily dis- 
pense with tihe music or the rations. 
Readers must be left to draw their own 
conclusions, the observations that both 
have an important place in our lives being 
as far as the writer will venture to re- 
mark, 

Sunday was Che first dry day in camp 
and although the wind blew hard and the 
sun was often clouded it w^as pleasant. 
Tn the afternoon we walked over the 




An Evening's Catch. 

large bald granite mountains east of the 
lake. There were both deer and bear 
signs in profusion but no living thing of 
any size appeared to our vision, save a 
large porcupine which scampered up a 
I)ig ash at our approach. Joe, who saw 
it first, shouted "A bear I a bear!" and 
then changed it to "A coon I" After 
a glance we assured him that it was only 
a harmless porcupine. 

We passed a place where prospectors 
had been at work. At the sight Joe be- 
came enthusiastic and wished he had a 
hole one hundred and fifty feet deep drill- 
ed in the heart of that mountain with 
one hundred and sixty tons of dynamite 
and he would speedily discover what was 
contained in the bowels of that high 



ROD A\n GUN IN CANADA 



51 




Motor Boats in stock, 12 ft. to 35 ft. Knock Down Frames and 
Hulls in a y stage of completion. 

Hull alone, or complete outfit ready to run. 

Our method of building from patterns and knock down frames 
simplifies the work for the amateur ; no guessing at where this 
or that part should be placed. Each part is carefully marked 
and a glance at the drawing and instructions shows the position 
of each part. 



1^"' ' " 


'^^B^H 




Estimates given for any 


H^-~ ■ ' iriiitpi^i"WitriiiMihi)'ftllliMD":ii"MJ>'iBliB 


^^^Wl 


size craft. 

Send stamps for 1910 
catalogue. 






■■■■■■■j^^H 





ROBERTSON BROS., 



Foot of Bay Street, 



HAMILTOIN 



CANADA 



53 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



granite ridge. We could not quite re- 
concile his quantity and his measurement 
but it was clear to us that he wanted 
the power to make that old mountain 
cough up its inward parts. We mildly 
acknovvledged that we had no objection 
to sharing with him if he "struck it rich" 
and Joe smiled a smile of acquiesence. 

Monday morning was ushered in with 
the same dark low clouds and south wind; 
the same jay or his brother was crying 
and the rain returned. Games and sing- 
ing passed over the day and in the even- 
ing Sam and Joe angled for a couple of 
hours and landed half a dozen nice sal- 
mon. 

No fog! no clouds! no jay! These 
were the greetings on Tuesday morning 
when a bracing air, gentle zephyrs and 
fine sunshine gave place to the depress- 
ing outlooks of past days. Eight days in 
camp and only a minimum of duck hunt- 



r^ 



A View of Lake Massassaga. 

ing and fishing. Soon we were busy. 
A new spirit pervaded the whole camp. 
All were at work outside and all were 
happy. The same evening we landed 
sixteen fine salmon. 

Our high spirits increased on Wed- 
nesday morning when the sun came out 
in all his glory. He never looked better 
and never made us feel better. This day 
we devoted to fishing. Joe and Sam 
chose to angle at the old reliable spots, 
while Bruce and the writer preferred the 
north east corner of the lake with its 
high blufYs and steep sheer grey clifYs. 
We had the deep copper line and were 



just making the first circle when all at 
once I felt a tremendous tug, the steel roo 
began its hysterical nodding and I began 
to reel in one hundred and sixty fee . of 
copper line with a monster grey trout on 
the nether end. 

It was a fight to a finish and in the 
struggle, and excitement consequent 
thereupon Bruce allowed his paddle ta 
drop overboard. We landed the 
trout, secured the paddle and started 
in hot pursuit after the trout's brother, se- 
curing him on the very next curve we 
made. He, too, put up a grand fight and 
completely wrecked our Archer spinner. 
Putting on a new Archer we made a cou- 
ple of circles and I had to again call out 
"Hold on! Bruce! Another big one!" He 
proved to be a fine one and in a short 
time we had him lying alongside his 
brothers. They were all of a size and the 
finest grey trout I have ever seen. On 
our return we had visions of the grand 
photo those three would make but rain 
came on again next morning and contin- 
ued for the following two days, dooming 
us to disappointment once more. 

Sam and Bruce donned their water- 
proofs and fished "with the deep sea line' 
for a couple of hours in the evening 
and returned with four nice salmon. 

The rain was still drizzling a^ we 
packed up for our return. As we mount- 
ed the mud-bespattered waggon and 
looked at the be-draggled horses, feeling 
miserably damp and chilly ourselves, ^e 
all felt like vowing that we would never 
return to the woods and lakes in autumn 
in the future. 

W'hen, however, the mild hazy days of 
September come around again ; when the 
forests put on their beautiful tints of 
various hues, when the squirrel is gath- 
ering the brown nuts for his winter store, 
when the male grouse drums in his thick- 
et, when the wary trout is becoming 
greedy after his long summer stay in the 
deep lake caves, when the wild rabbit 
hops nimbly about before donning his 
winter robe of white, when the wild duck 
is quacking among the wild rice reeds 
and sedges, when the fleet footed deer 
walks unmolested to the spring to quench 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



53 



The WATERMAN Speed Canoe 



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Send for Catalogue B. 

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OTAWA, ONTARIO. 




54 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



his thirst, when the black bear stalks 
leisurely amid the beechwoods of the hills 
and valleys, then the same old, old, old 
call from the northern wilds will cause 
us, as of yore, to pack our outfits and 
hie to the haunts of fish and game, to 
match our cunning with the wit of the 
wild and enjoy once again the experiences 



of the open which none but a sportsman 
can know. 

Although we caught seventy odd trout, 
forty-two of which we brought home to 
share amongst our friends, we desire 
clearer skies, brighter sunshine, and a 
more bracing air when next we go north 
for our annual vacation. 



Misconceptions 

"The Landgrave of Hesse's Game List' 

BY L. O. ARMSTRONG. 



THE following list issued from the 
Landgrave's hunting seat, Phil- 
lipsruhe, give the results of the 
Court shooting parties in 1909-10 : 
Twenty fallow buck, forty young buck, 
on hundred and twelve does, fifty three 
roebuck, fourteen does, 2,611 hares, 1,937 
rabbits, six capercailze, 2,207 pheasants, 
810 partridges, sixteen woodcocks and 
137 ducks. The vermin list included, 
seventy one foxes, three badgers, one 
otter, one wild cat, twelve martens, nine- 
ty-five pole cats, 16'9 weasels, twe{nty 
eight herons, 300 birds of prey (large and 
small) fifteen magpies, 1,452 ravens and 
crows, and 512 jays, 760 squirrels, nine- 
ty dogs and 240 cats. 

In the "Field" a British sportsman's 
newspaper for April '9th, 1910, the above 
game list is given. It has been critic- 
cized as showing unsportsmanlike results. 
Now the Landgrave is a sportsman in 
every sense of the word — it is but right 
that misconceptions should be removed. 
The American ideas of hunting and 
shooting are naturally very different to 
those of Europe owing to a very differ- 
ent environment. Then the Sportsman's 
field, like all others, has its supply of 
cynics ; these are the smart Alecks in 
fishing and shooting matters. In shoot- 
ing discussions Aleck generally begins 
with the old cry of "slaughter" forgetting 
first that these birds were raised at the 
owner's expense (and that a very heavy 
one) and that the birds have to be thinned 
down for reasons too many and too plain 
to be repeated here. Now as to the 
skill and good shooting required ; if the 



honest critic could be brought to the 
scene and be made to realize the distance 
and extent of territory first, and then be 
placed with a gun in his hands alongside 
of or.e of these old country sportsmen, say 
in a valley between two coverts where 
the birds come flying over the heads of 
the sportsmen at a tremendous pace and 
at a great height, and under these condi- 
tions measure his skill with one of these 
old country sportsmen I will venture to 
say that at the end of the day many a 
smart Aleck would be turned^into a more 
humble minded sportsmen. He would 
find, if he had never done any of this kind 
' of work, that his misses sadly outnum- 
bered his hits. He would also find that 
the contempt, in which ignorance makes 
him hold some of the old country shots, 
had been changed into a large amount of 
respect. 

But the hardest criticisms are levied- at 
the "vermin" in the fLandgrave's list. 
Most Britons, and many Americans, will 
take exception to having the fox and the 
otter placed in the list, thinking thai 
these should not be shot but should be 
hunted by hounds. Right enough, but 
there are not enough huntsmen and 
hounds to kill them ofif. 

All will agree that the killing of wild 
cats, pole cats, weasels and bird of prey 
generally is permissable. A broad smile 
comes upon many faces when they begin 
to talk about magpies, ravens, crows, jays, 
squirrels, dogs and cats. Now let us see 
if the Landgrave can be justified. 

Readers will find many a farmer on our 
broad prairies and in our older settled 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



55 



Knock Down Frames 



For Launches. 




Hulls complete, with or without Motor; also Knock Down Frames, with in- 
structions for building. Good designs. Get our Catalogue. 




If you want the Neatest, Safest and Nicest Running Boat on the water buy a "PETERBOROUGH" 
Send for illustrated Catalogue of CANOES and SKIFFS. 

PETERBOROUGH CANOE CO., LIMITED 

PETERBOROUGH, ONTARIO, CANADA 




We build all sizes from 1 8 to 45 feet, and 
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M. L. BUTLER 

Motor Bcata and Yacht* 
BRIGHTON - - . ONT. 



LAUNCHES 

This photo shows our grace- 
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Complete, with engine install- 

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Write for Catalogue A 



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we will quote you an 
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have a large stock of Row- 
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Hamilton, Ont. 




56 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



parts agree thoroughly with the Land- 
grave as to the necessity of killing ra- 
vens, crows and jays. These are canni- 
bals and thieves that will either carry 
away the young bird or chick or destroy 
the egg. Ernest Thompson Seton has 
told us in the most interesting way of 
the cleverness of the crow in outwitting 
man and his arts. I know of no bird 
more artful than the crow. One imag- 
ines that by finding his nest one will only 
have to go there and shoot him. Many 
a time has the writer waited for two and 
three hours, and although the crow has 
come close home he seems to have had 
some presentiment of impending danger 
and quietly waited on a tree about four 
gunshots oflf. 

The killing of squirrels was another 
puzzler to my many friends out here, but 
that is not to be wondered at. If one 
takes into account the millions of square 
miles of timber we have in this country, 
it is only natural to feel that a few fir 
trees will not be missed. The conditions 
are reversed in England and Germany 
where every inch of ground is of value, 
and the most has to be made of it. On 
all big estates there is always a certain 
amount of timber such as ash, oak, elm, 
beech, etc., which reaches maturity an- 
nually. Of course to allow it to remain 
standing is wasteful in two ways ; first 
one's timber over there is deteriorating 
in value, and secondly one is losing the 
ground which might be used to other and 
more advantageous purposes. Naturally 
the owner decides to have a sale and clear 
the ground. After this is done he pro- 
ceeds in the spring to plant it again w'tl 
young fir. Larch is preferable as being 
the fastest grower, and when matured the 
most profitable. To protect these from 
rabbits, the whole space has to be en- 
closed with wire netting, when planted. 
The wire netting is fixed on to upright 
stakes with about nine inches turned out- 
wards in the bottom and covered over 
with soil. This is to prevent the badgers, 
rabbits, etc., from burrowing underneath. 
To a certain extent this checks the rabbit 
nuisance, but it is no detriment to the 
squirrel. The "modus operandi" of this 
destructive little animal is to climb to the 



leading shoot of the young tree, and nib- 
ble the bark around until the shoot drops 
olT. The pests appear to have no object 
in view as they do not eat the bark but 
having completed the circuit of the shoot 
pass on to another one. In case the 
young tree survives this treatment Ait 
throws out three or four fresh shoots from 
this spot, and so grows to be practically 
useless and an eyesore. I have myself 
seen acres of young trees of five years 
growth ruined in a very short time by 
squirrels, and the only way to clear them 
( and a very slow way at that) is to shoot 
them. 

The next item we come to are the dogs 
and cats. In this case again I must re- 
mind Canadians how much more thickly 
populated are the older countries of Eu- 
rope. Of course most of the people in the 
country districts have their pets such as 
cats and dogs. In addition to this, farm- 
ers encourage cats especially for keeping 
rats and mice from their corn stacks and 
barns. It is only natural that they get 
reared up in a semi-wild state and at last 
betake themselves to the woods, as they 
much prefer a young pheasant or part- 
ridge to a rat or mouse. There is no 
more cunning poacher than a seml- 
. wild cat, and if the undergrowth is thick 
they are very hard to get near enough 
to shoot. It is practically impossible to 
estimate the damage these stray dogs 
and half wild cats will do in a big shoot- 
ing preserve during laying and hatching 
season. I am suffering from a plague 
of cats in my Montreal house yard, and 
have to resort to poisoning for the full 
grown and drowning wholesale for the 
kittens. 

Few understand the enormous disad- 
vantages a head game keeper has to con- 
tend with in the hatching season in the 
old countries. He has to place his under 
keepers on watch night and day, for where 
there is plenty of game there will the ver- 
min be gathered together. 

I hope from these explanations that Can- 
adian sportsmen will more readily under- 
stand accounts of shots on large English 
and Continetnal estates which one sees 
published in diflferent magazines and pap- 
ers from time to time. I hope that this lit- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



57 



The "Ross'' Way of Building Motor Boats 





nr H E Ross way of building motor boats is to build them as good as it is 
possible to build them. Our boats and canoes hold an enviable reputation 
throughout the Dominion. High quality has always been the first consideration 
in building our product, and at the same time our prices have always been very 
moderate, qualitj^ of materials and workmanship considered. 

Send for illustrated catalog of Motor Boats, Skiffs and Caooes. 

The J. H. Ross Boat & Canoe Company, Orillia, Ontario. 




If You Are Thinking of Buying a Canoe This Year 

IT will pay you to place your order now for a Bush Canoe, as they are well made in every particular, 
Mid for easy running, carrylne capacity and general appearance ttiey are unsurpassed. InveatigBte and 
be convinced that these canoes are built to give entire satisfaction, and do It. 



Send for Price List. 



W. T. BUSH 



Coldv\fatep, Ont. 



EST/>BLISHED 1850 1 

THE LEADING J 

Launch sSoat Establishment I 

IN THE DOMINION ? 

We malie a specialty of Gasoline Launches of all X 

sizes and descriptions. Our speed Launch, 23 ft. x 4 ft. T 

6 in with 12 H.P., speed 16 to 18 miles per hour — X 

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Ing Yachts of all descriptions, any size or design bnllt X 

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ALL ORDEES PROMPTLY FILLED. 

Jas. Knapp & Sons, Proprietors BARRiEF^LS?"o'NTARfs="cANADA 



58 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



tie contribution will tend to remove some 
prejudices in the minds of honest people 
whch should not exist. As a matter of 
fact the Land£:rave of Hesse is a fine old 



sportsman and a public benefactor. 
Would that we had more men in America 
who would propogate and protect game 
as he does ! 



Exploring the Severn River 

A Long Canoe Trip in One Day 



BY .T. r,. c. 



THE town of Orillia is situated t;»i the 
south-west shore of Lake Couchi- 
ching. It is about two miles from 
the route of the Trent Valley Can- 
al which skirts the east shore of Lakes 
Simcoe and Couchiching, and which 
will when completed, follow the east 
branch of the Severn River to the 
Georgian Bay, passing the rapids by 
means of locks similar to those in use 
higher up the canal. The Severn River 
is fed by the waters of Lake Couch'ching. 
and has three branches, known respect- 
ively as the East, Middle and West 
branches. These three streams join to- 
gether a couple of miles down to form 
the main river which empties into Georg- 
ian Bay. 

A fine morning early last August saw a 
pic-nic party ofif for an all-day trip. Ted 
and Marion were occupants of one 
canoe, while Sybil and I had the other. 
A generous supply of good things to eat 
packed in lunch-baskets, two small-bore 
rifles and a stock of ammunition, and a 
couple of umbrellas completed the equip- 
ent. 

We got away from the wharf shortly 
after eight o'clock, the sun just showing 
through a haze, while a little l)reeze ruf- 
fled the water and kept the paddlers from 
getting too hot. It was rather unusual 
for any of us to be on the water so early 
in the morning, and there was a slight 
constraint noticeable, which soon cleared 
away under the influence of the beauty of 
the morning, and the warmth of the sun. 

The tr'p we planned to take meant a 
paddle of about thirty miles, which ex- 
plained the early start, and we boys were 
glad to take things easy, and take ad- 
vantage of the wind, which fortunately 



was on our quarter, as it was our mten- 
tion to give the girls a good time and not 
allow them to paddle. 

We made good speed for the first few 
miles, passing Hughes Point, Bay Park, 
the Lagoon and other points of interest on 
Lake Couchiching, but when we got near 
to Portage Island we were glad enough to 
open the parasols and sail with the wind, 
which was now strong enough to take 
us along at a good rate, without any 
trouble except to steer. We had a race, 
of course, and Sybil and I won, the others 
having to both paddle anl sail to keep 
up with us in the harder puffs. It took 
same careful management to steer the 
canoes among the rocks and shoals at the 
mouth of the East branch, and w^e had 
some narrow escapes from running 
aground in the swell that was rolling 
there. However, we reached the quiet 
w^ater of the river safely, and pausing only 
long enough to have the experience of 
being under the railway bridge when, the 
noon train passed over us, something the 
girls did not much appreciate, we went on 
down to the first portage above the rapids. 
It was then nearly one o'clock, so while 
we carried the canoes along a road and 
down the rocks to the water below the 
falls, the girls spread dinner, and none of 
us w^ere sorry to get it. Everything had 
been prepared as far as possible before- 
hand, in order to save trouble, and we 
found it very convenient to simply un- 
pack and eat. 

After the remains were cleared away 
and the few dishes washed, Marion and 
Sybil strolled around, picking flowers and 
exploring, while Ted and I smoked a 
cigarette, and longed for our fishing rods, 
as there were some likely looking spots, 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



50 



♦.|,.i „ i „ i „ i „ i „ t..|..i..|. . | „ t 1 1 tilt i'V'V' M ''H.^Hri^^H^^H^:^H^.!^ ^^J^^ ti v i'h -1.4.^^.4^ 



t 

I 



You Couldn't Upset nor Sink I 

this CHESTNUT SPONSON CANOE if You Tried 

because the patent sponsons (air chambers) 
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if your whole family sat on the edge. Tlie 
Chestnut Sponsou Canoe can't "turn turtle." 
It must keep its posi'.ion even if entirely sub- 
merged ; and can be rtadily paddled, easily 
ipporting the weight of several people. 

Chestnut Sponson Canoes are light, 

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express the highest degree cf 

comfort and safety— the staunch- 

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Canada ; or any wl. ere else. Thev 

are strong, serviceable and built 

to last, from the best materials, by 

trained workn;e;i pickedfor their 

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Construction-Best New Brunswick cedar; Chestnut ^yticxzX seamless canvas hard 

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together. Chestnut seamless canvas covers, treated with Chestnut special preparation 

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Before you buy any canoe, write on a postcard for the Chestnut illustrated 

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Chestnut Canoe Co., Ltd., Bo x 445 Fredericton, N.l 




t 

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GRAVENHURST ONTARIO. 




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Michigan Steel Boat Co., l.%l Jetferaon Ave., Detroit, Mich. 



60 



ROD AKD GUN IN CANADA 



and bass fresh caught and cooked in the 
open is a welcome addition to any dinner. 

We were interested in the cement road 
liridge which crosses the river at this 
place and spent some time examining it. 
A couple of years ago there was only a 
wooden bridge resting on piles driven into 
the river-bed, but now we found a solid 
concrete birdge had just been completed, 
spanning the river, with a neat iron rail- 
ing set in the cement. "The supports and 
lioards were still in place under the 
bridge, and there was a rough board shan- 
ty close by, showing that the men had 
only just finished their work. 

From here we went slowly on down 
the river a mile or so further to the little 
rapid below where the East branch joins 
tiie main river. This was as far as time 
would permit us to go, so after a short 
rest in the shade of some trees on the 
bank, we comenced our homeward jour- 
ney. Instead of returning the way we 
had come, we ascended the main part of 
the Severn and followed the West branch 
back to the lake. The falls on this 
stream are quite as picturesque as those 
on the others, and we spent some time 
near them, picking water-lillies, shooting 
at logs, stones on the shore and anything 
else our fancy dictated. Some few hun- 
dred yards from where we stopped, our 
canoe was in the lead, when Syl)il point- 
ed to a large wasps' nest on a bush at the 
water's edge, which we had just passed. 
Quite regardless of the feelings of the 
wasps, I turned round and put a couple 
of .22 bullets through it, which 1)rought 
them out in swarms, though fortunately 
we were far enough away to l)e safe from 
attack. We felt a little anxious when 
we thought of the 'others having to pass 
so close to the eruption we had caused, 
but what was cur surprise to see them 
deliberately stop and begin shooting at 
the nest also. It was a wonder that 
none of us were stung, and judging from 
the way the wasps swarmed around tlie 
nest, it certainly was not their fault that 
we escaped. 

The portage at this rapid is not an easy 
one and we found it quite a ticklish job 
to carry the canoes over the broken piled- 



up rock, fallen trees and through the 
bushes to the water above. The carry 
here is about one hundred yards long, 
after which you must paddle some fifty 
feet and then carry again a distance of 
thirty feet past a little fall not four feet 
high, which brings you past the last ob- 
struction. By this time it was nearly 
six o'clock, so we spread the remains of 
our lunch, and made a clean sweep of 
everything eatable, although we had ex- 
pected and provided for pic-nic appetites. 
A dead black snake, which Ted found and 
which we curled in a lifelike manner in the 
path caused a little excitement with the 
girls, but after Ted had explained how he 
had found and slain it, showing a heel- 
print in the hard packed ground which 
must have been made after some heavy 
rains, as proof of his words, they were 
soon re-assured. 

Before this, what little wind we had 
felt in the afternoon had completely died 
away, leaving the surface of the river as 
smooth as glass, and it certainly made a 
beautiful sight with the sun just sinking 
below the tree-tops. From here to the 
mouth of the river it was all plain sail- 
ing, except for a narrow place between 
two rocks spanned by an iron railway 
bridge, where the current was swift 
enough to tax our energies to get 
through. We reached the mouth of the 
river about seven o'clock, the lake abso- 
lutely quiet, the vanishing sun leaving a 
bright reflection in the West, and' the 
prospect of a ten mile paddle betw;een us 
and home. For the the first three miles 
the lake on the west side is very shoaly 
and full of rocks, and it was quite a job 
to slip between them without scraping 
the canoes, in the dim light of the even- 
ing, but except for an occasional bump 
we got through without any mishaps. 
^Meanwhile the wind had got up from 
the south again, and by the time we were 
clear of the rocks, there was quite a head 
sea running, which made it hard work to 
make headway against it. After strug- 
ling against it for a couple of miles, Ted 
and I decided that if we stuck to it alone, 
"We wouldn't get home till morning," 
as it was already pretty late, so we were 



ROD AND GUX IX CAXADA 




The Sunnyside Canoe 1910 Model 



Design Registered 1910. 




Montreal, Que., April 15th, 19ti). 
Walter Dean, Sunnyside, Toronto. 

Dear Sir.— I bave been using can >(?s 
since my boyhoo<l days, and have used 
all useful makes. Last season 1 used 
a Spanish cedar Sunnyside canoe, 
purchased from you. and am satisfied 
there is nothing better. It is £s 
steady as a rock, safe in aU kinds cf 
weather, and never leaks a drop. 
Yours very truly, 

I?. 3. DUXLOP, 
Claims Adjuster, C.P.R. 



The Canoe That Made 
Toronto Famous 

This is a reproduction of a 
mahogany canoe, full descrip- 
tion given in my catalogue. 

WRITE FOR Wio 
CA T A LOG UE. 



Westminster College, Toronto. 
Mr. Walter Dean, Toronto, Ont. 

Dear Sir,— I have paddled In many 
canoes, but never had one that so 
thoroughly satisfied me as this one. 
It will always be a pleasure to 
speak for canoes made by you. Be- 
lieve me. 

Sincerely yours, 
REV. A. R. GREGORY, B.A.. 

Principal. 



WALTER DEAN, 1751 Queen West. Toronto 



Telephone— PARK 436 




The Most Boat 
For Your 
Money 



CANOES 

Basswood Cedar Canvas Covered 

Send for Catalogue. 

The William English Canoe Co. 

Peterborough, Ontario. 



No matter what 
Kucine Boat you 
buy; whether it's 
the staunch little 
Power Dory at SI50, 
the Racine ' Speed- 
about shown below, 
which sells at SiOo, or 
the sensation of the boat- 
^, jng year, the big 36.foot 

,^ raised deck, sen-going power 

' ■ "- cniiser which sells, completelv fit- 

ted put. at S-22I.I0 and is worth VOOiYtou 
■<a\e Ju6t about ^e-Itnir. 



MUSKEGON 



^•^e have reduced the building of boats to a commer- 
cinl tnerchandising basis. without sacrificing or slighting 
liiaterial or workmanship, or loss of individuality. 

The secret is perfect orynnization and the biggest boat 
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many boats. Let iis show you that YOU CAN 0»'A' 4 
?P-*^T °-"'^ '""" 'I t/ourself icithout expensive upkeep or 
hired help. ^ f 

We will gladly tell you about the boats we make— everj-. 
.] thing that goes on water from the largest to the smallest. 
nil i^t^u'" • ?/v *?'' *^® *'^"^'"> "f "The Cruise of the Bonita" 
M which will help you select the boat you need. 

I RACINE BOAT MFG. CO. 

if; 80 Western Ave. Mu8kegoii,-.raicll. 

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\i. Seattle 

(OS 




63 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



forced to ask the girls to lend a hand. 
Under the impetus of two paddles each, 
the canoes came along much better, 
while the wind, after Idowing hard for a 
couple of hours, dropped again, and the 
seas went down, and the moon, consider- 
ably past her full, showed up in the east, 
giving us a good light for the rest of the 
way. 

We had enough energy left for a short 
race at the last to see who would reach 



the boathouse first, but as Ted and Mar- 
ion were handicapped by a slightly lar- 
ger canoe than ours, they came in last. 
You may be sure that after being on the 
water for over fourteen hours that day, 
we didn't waste much time getting home, 
but just pulled the canoes in, and each 
carried an armful of things up to the 
house. We agreed on the way home 
that the trip had been a success in every 
way, and well worth taking again. 



Incidents of an Alberta Duck Shoot 



BY EDWARD T. BAINES. 



NEVER during the history of Alber- 
ta has a more jovial hunting par- 
ty left a town than the one that 
left the City of Strathcona for 
their shooting lodge on Big Hay Lakes 
for the big shoot of the year: viz. during 
the last two weeks in October. 

Most of the members were like school 
boys out for a holiday and of course 
could talk of nothing else but long shoots 
and big birds. Word had come in that 
the ducks were down from the north, the 
weather was all that could be desired as 
the beautiful Indian summer of Sunny 
Alberta was then being enjoyed. 

Rigs were waiting for the party at 
Millet, a small town thirty five miles 
south from Strathcona, and after a few 
delays everything was packed and in 
readiness for the twenty-two mile drive 
to the sportsman's Mecca. Talk flowed 
freely, when all at once we were thun- 
derstruck by the Dude of the party ask- 
ing his special chum if he had packed the 
curling tongs, scented soap and lavender 
water? This point having been satisfac- 
torily settled we started once more, only 
to have a second delay with another 
financial magnate wanting to ascertain if 
he had a spare rubber collar in his grip. 



In due time we arrived at the lodge 
when one and all got busy getting their 
goods and chattels into shape for our 
two weeks' stay. 

After dinner, Ijoats were got out and 
each and all were soon heading for their 
favotirite place, there to await in patience 
for the big Greenhead which each and 
all were sure he was going to shoot. 

Many were the excuses that night as to 
why he had missed but the most laugh- 
able of all was when our dude solemnly 
declared that he could not hit a single 
bird because his moustache was not curl- 
ed at the right angle, so deflecting his 
sight. 

Another amusing incident was when 
our green Englishman got so excited 
over his first duck that he jumped from 
the canoe and waded after his bird, in 
case any other member of the party 
would gather it, and he w^anted to send it 
to his Ma in England. 

So the days passed and at last our 
holiday came to an end and it was with 
deep regrets that we packed our grips 
and started for home w'ith the full inten- 
tion of meeting again this year at the 
headquarters of the Strathcona Shooting 
Club. Limited. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



63 



A TIP TO TOURISTS 

coming to 

GEORGAIN BAY 
DISTRICT. 

We make a specialty of supplying 
tourists with 

ROW BOATS 
CANOES 

and 

LAUNCHES. 

We will gladly furnish you with 

quotation on every requirement 

for an outing in this ideal section. 

Write Us. 

J. G. GIDLEY & SON, 

Box 352, 
MIDLAND, ONT. 



Motor Boat Perfections 




Safety and 
Pleasure witti 
E:?^cellent finish. 
Easily controlled. 
Dtirability. 
Yield more comfort. 
Better than 
Other mak:es 
At any price. 
Trouble eliminated. 

Manufactured by 

Schtiltz Bros., Co., Ltd. 

39 Albion Street, Brantford, Ont, 
Manufacturers of Motor Boats and Portable 



Motor Boats 
Buildings. 




No bo&thouse, 



PUNCTURE PEOOr FOLDING BOATS 
leaks or repairs. Always ready, check U8 baggafe. 



family or bait casting standing. Ribbed longltudlnaUy and dlagonaUy 
Sinkablo Stronger than wood. Ueed In V. S. Navy and Army. We have fa 
Surrey Dept. of Canada for last 3 yrs. with all their boats. Axrarded Tint 
at Chicago and St. Ixmis World's Fairs. Catalogue 100 engravings for « a 
KING FOLDING CANVAS BOAT CO.. 4M Harrison St.. IllaLaL! 



Ui% tt 



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Vacation Pleasures are half in the Boat or Canoe vou use. 
Ours are Steady lo Shoot or Cast from, and Safe tor Wife and 
Children. Will outlast and outcarry sttel or wood b^ats of 
same size. Carried by hand, buggy, automobile, or checked as 
, liaggage. Indestructible Steel frame, and Most Durable canvas 
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— Guaranteed Best Canvas Boat Made. Send for Folder A. 

LIFE SAVIiNG FOLDING CAMVAS BOAT CO ^ 

KALAMAZOO. MICH. * 





A Lakefield Canoe 
On the Zambesi River 

This was the first canoe on the 

Zambesi River and was envied 

by all the residents and visitor* 

there. 

Write for catalogue to 

The Lakefield Canoe 

Building and Manufacturing Co. 

LAKEFIELD, ONT. 



Conservation of Fish and Game 



BY THOMAS EITCUIE. 



THE Public are becoming fully alive 
to the importance of adopting 
stricter measures for conserving 
our natural resources, for it is 
feared that otherwise what would become 
a perennial source of wealth to the pro- 
vince will eventually perish by neglect 
and wasteful usage. Not to dwell here 
upon the rich inheritance we have in the 
woods of our forests, in the commercial 
fish of our great lakes, in the latent pow- 
ers in our many rivers, etc.. there are cer- 
tain other sources of wealth, the value of 
which few people have any idea, inasmuch 
as the economic, importance of these to 
the province has not been brought to the 
attention of the general public. For in- 
stance, there are the thousands of our 
beautiful lakes and rivers, with their salu- 
brious and invigorating air, all originally 
teeming with game fish and the woods 
wit'h other game. Leaving out of con- 
sideration altogether the opportunities 
these afford to our own people for recrea- 
tion and sport, these lakes and rivers con- 
stitute what should become a perennial 
source of wealth to the country, little 
dreamt of by unthinking persons ignor- 
ant of what we possess in this respect. 
It can be conclusively shown by the ^ex- 
perience of other countries that there is a 
mine of wealth here for the people, ex- 
ceeding in importance even the silver 
mines of Cobalt, if the assets we own are 
properly utilized and administered in or- 
der to attract foreign tourists and pleas- 
ure seekers to our midst, who would an- 
nually leave with us large sums of money, 
and that, too, spent chiefly in districts 
where it is most needed. It is not the 
value of the fish and game in themselves, 
which is comparatively trifling; it is what 
they will bring to us. We know of mil- 
lions which are spent annually in the very 
limited area of the north of Scotland, and 
also of late years in little Norway, attract- 
ed thither by similar conditions. 

In the State of Maine in 1907 Colonel 
Boothly, of the Maine Central Railroad 
estimated that in that one year alone 
two hundred and fifty thousand tourists 



entered that State, drawn thither by sim- 
ilar attractions to what we posses; in fact^ 
they constitute one of the most valuable 
assets which Maine has. Now, when we 
remember that Ontario is over five times 
the size of Maine and contains elements 
for health and recreation far exceeding 
that State, and moreover is more con- 
venient of access for the rich millions to 
the south of us, we can then realize that 
the attractions of our country when fully 
discovered by them will constitute Ontar- 
io a very Mecca for summer visitors. 
These tourists are now coming in increas- 
ing numbers every season and wherever 
accommodation is furnished on any of our 
smaller lakes, especially where fishing is to 
be had, the hotels and boarding houses are 
speedily filled and money spent in many 
ways even in the remotest parts. People 
living in the front have little or no concep- 
tion of the vast number of these lakes 
in the back country, throughout the 
Laurentian and Huronian formation. 
There are not hundreds of these merely, 
but thousands of all sizes, from five to 
fiftv square miles in extent, lovely in their 
wild beauty, and nearly all originally 
teeming with game fish and the woods 
with other game. The railway companies 
are alive to the value to them of these, 
but where the railways gain one dollar 
from the tourists the public will gain from 
ten to fifty or more. 

People living in the neighborhood of 
these lakes and rivers are coming to see 
the value of their surroundings, and are 
now calling aloud to be protected from il- 
legal fishing and shooting, but they are 
helpless to protect themselves. The laws 
are good and have been much improved 
upon by the present Government, and 
some advance also made for their bet- 
ter administration, but so far the means 
adopted for enforcing the regulations are 
proving wholly inadequate. Local over- 
seers are utterly ineffectual ; indeed it ap- 
pears ludicrous to one who knows some- 
thing about the matter to read the annual 
reports to the Department of many of 
these overseers, stating that everything 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



65 



"Which Shall Wc Send You?" 

Our Two New 1910 Catalogues Are Just OI! The Press 

The one, " Bulletin Fourteen," tells all about the K-W 
High-Teusion Magneto, which is for positive gear drive 
on cars having a provision for a magneto. 

Requires No Timer, No Coil and No Batteries, 
as it is a complete Ignition system in itself. 

Absolutely guaranteed to start the heaviest engine on 
a quarter turn of the crank Without Batteries, and 
to increase the power and efficiency of the engine, cut 
down fuel consumption and is covered by a w^ritten 
" Certificate of Insurance," absolutelyprotecting the user. 

The other, "Bulletin Fifteen," treats of the K-W 
L,ow-Tension Magneto, which is made for cars not 
having a provision for a gear driven magneto and is 
driven by belt or friction from the fly wheel. 

Will start any engine on a quarter turn Without 
Batteries, run the engine perfectly and without missing 
At All Speeds, and is the only Magneto in the world 
which will furnish perfect ignition and Operate Power- 
ful Electric Lights. 

Write us today Stating The Car You Are Drivino and we 
will send you the catalogue of the magneto best adapted to 
your needs. 

The K-W Ignition Company, 

46 Fi>w«r ATtn*— — Cl^Telaad, Ohio, TT.S.A. 

For lale by tho Canadi&n Oemeral Eloctrie Compaaj, Toroato, Canada. 



'«'><*4'< 



« V V X "r T ▼ V V V V W v ▼ * 



Y vJU have seen this cut before 





have'nt you? 



Nice looking magneto 



isn 



t it? 



Good firm selling it 



'WIZARD" 



are'nt they? 



Well, why don't you try one? 



CANADIAN AGENTS 



I 



% 



CANADIAN-FAIRBANKS CO. 

I MONTREAL VANCOUVER WINNIPEG TORONTO | 



M 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



in their sections is lovely and the laws 
well observed, when it is known that the 
very reverse is the case, and that many 
of these have done nothing whatever 
towards enforcing the law, and that in- 
deed some of them are the worst law 
breakers in the whole district. If the 
laws respecting fish and game were pro- 
perly enforced the attractions they afford 
would be as great a hundred years from 
now as they are at present, but if ne.e:- 



lected now they will be lost to us forever. 
It is important that thoroughly effective 
measures be taken before it is too late. 
It is therefore necessary that the whole 
inatter be removed from the influence of 
local party politics and the administra- 
tion of the laws be placed in a commis- 
sion, as it is in British Columbia and 
elsewhere. The people demand it, in 
order that the countrv niav profit there- 
by. 



In Defence of the Ferret 



BY ARCHIE HBBBRT. 



SOME bitter attacks have been made 
during the last winter upon the 
ferret. Crime after crime has been 
attributed to h's strong fangs. 
Certainly he has been the direct cause 
of "rabbitcide" but this is not murder. 
Those who complain about ferrets 
probably never owned one and, it is 
pretty safe to say, know very little aboui 
them. There has even Ijeen talk of urg- 
ing the passing of a law to prohibit the 
use of the ferret. If those who criticize 
ferrets would attempt the task of prop- 
erly handling them, they would soon 
have a different story to tell. 

One objection often heard to tlic fer- 
ret is that those who use them depend 
on Mr. Ferret to get their game. Out 
of sixty-five rabbits killed last winter our 
ferret caught three. The remainder were 
shot and some of them were difficult 
shots. When a bunny scents a ferret 
he thinks it about time to "skidoo," and 
is not likely to stop before reaching some 
other shelter. 

Making extensive use of a ferret is said 
to be unsportsmanlike. What about 
steel traps and wire snares? The ferret 
serves exactly the same purpose in shoot- 
ing cottontails as a setter or pointer does 
in shooting quail. He only finds your 
game — you kill it. Bob White likes to 
remain in the brush, but Mr. Cottontail 
prefers to pass the day under the barn. 
The dog is very useful in finding quail. 



and a rabbit cannot very well be put from 
under a building without a ferret. You 
may tear up the floor but the average 
sensible farmer is not always willing to 
agree to this step. 

You start your ferret under, hear a 
rumbling and out darts a cottontail. He 
is twenty 3'ards away before your gun is 
levelled, he is forty before you pull the 
trigger. He does not even run on a 
level. W hen yott pull he is liable to be 
anywhere between Mother Earth and 
three feet above. Not only that but you 
have to hit him hard to stop him. He 
can run as well on three legs as on four. 

Bearing in mind these considerations, 
does not the reader believe it to be great- 
er sport to take a day off and bag about 
ten cottontails in the above mentioned 
manner, than to set out when the moon 
is still shining, take some out of steel 
traps and kill more by thrusting your 
gun barrel into a pile of branches or in 
the end of an eight inch tile. 

Some may think this is a matter of 
small importance. A rabbit will fade 
away where it comes to talking of moose 
and grizzly. Think, however, of those 
who, though ardent sportsmen, have to 
be content with little cottontails. For 
the best methods of sport with the bun- 
nies, ferrets are essential and therefore 
I say, and I hope many readers will agree 
with me, "Lone live the ferret!" 



RO!) AND (;L">s' 1.\" CANADA 



67 




LADNCH FITTINGS 

Brass and Galvanized 
Deck Fittings 

Lamps 

Side Lights 

Compasses 
Anchors Fenders 

Flags Tiller Rope 

JOHN LECKIE 

LIMITED, 

77 Wellington St. W,, Toronto 



Marine Paints 



- AND - 



Varnishes 

OF ALL K I IN DS 



If You Are Thinking of Re- 
painting That Boat Of Yours 
Write Us. 

TOP AND BOTTOM PAINTS FOR 
EVERYTHING THAT FLOATS. 

Sanderson Pearcy & Co. 

UMITED, 

61-65 Adelaide West, 
Toronto - - Ontario 



Cutten & Foster 

Toronto 

American Auto Top 
Manufacturers 




Auto Tops. Boat Tops. Tent Cots. 

The Handy Tent Cot. 

Price $12.00, from your dealer or from us. 

Send for illustrated catalogue. 

We can furnish Auto Tops for 

any Style of Automobile in Pan- 

tasote or Mohair. 



When writing Advertisers ttndii/ mention Eod and Gun in Canada. 



Labrador Sports 

The Passing of the Dogs 



BY DR. W. T. GRENFKLL. 



A GREAT event has happened as far 
as Labrador is concerned. The 
winter mail has come across in the 
middle of ]\larch, from Forteau, 
in Labrador, to Flowers Cove, in New- 
foundland. Never before in the history 
of mankind has this feat been accomplish- 
ed, and it is only due to the enterprising 
Postmaster General, and to the brave 
man who brought the mail. To say that, 
is of very much greater import and a very 
much greater feather in their caps than 
most men imagine. One great objection 
to Labrador residence in winter has been 
the supposed impossibility of getting out 
from Christmas to May, and as far as the 
north end of this country is concerned, 
the impossibility of making any arrange- 
ments with them for the coming fishing 
■season. The very best of business heads 
is not able to foresee everything that is 
desirable for next July from the last of 
November, and a mail coming across reg- 
ularly in the winter at the trifling cost of 
a few dollars is now not only clearly de- 
monstrated as possible for once, but that 
it could be run fairly regularly and with 
comparative safety. Moreover it is a 
new feature in Physiography to know 
that a single man, without running any 
inordinate risk, can pass the Straits with 
a light boat practically any time in the 
winter. As this is the first crossing and 
there is considerable merit in the feat I 
am venturing to give you the details 
which are not altogether uninteresting. 
The carrier, Ernest Doane. is keeper of 
the co-operative store at West St. Mod- 
iste, an excellent woodsman and quite 
a taxidermist. He built a nine foot boat, 
thirty-four inches wide, covered with can- 
vas so that he could easily lift her, and 
with canvas deck'ng which would pull 
together and either make a tent for him- 
self at night or tie around his body en- 
abling him to row in rough weather with- 
out any water getting into his boat that 
might form ice. He started from For- 



teau light house at eight o'clock in the 
morning having arranged to have the light 
lighted at night to cheer him up if he 
were still on the ice, and to have the 
Flowers Cove light lit the first night of 
his arrival to let them know that he was 
safe. Unfortunately when he arrived the 
light on our side was dismantled, so that 
they cannot tell yet of his safety and the 
follow^ing night the Forteau light was 
still shining, so he supposes that they 
are anxious about him. But he could 
do no better than light a lamp in the 
light house. Having to wait to go back 
for a short while he is over with us at 
St. Anthony taking back the answered 
mail from this shore to the Labrador. 
He will connect there with the w^estern 
mail on the tenth of April, after which 
he wall again come across here. After 
leaving the lighthouse on his journey he 
rowed and hauled his boat over the ice. 
there being never more than ten j-ards of 
open water, and after the first mile or so 
seldom more than ten yards of ice, it be- 
ing all broken up and moving as it always 
i.s in the Straits. LTnfortunatcly, the one 
thing he hadn't counted on h;ippened. A 
north east gale with snow came on and 
he couldn't see a hundred yards anyway. 
He himself got wet and cold, and had t© 
haul up his boat by five o'clock Avhen he 
considered he was near the land. He 
drifted along with the ice wherever it 
liked to take him. Pulling the cover over 
the boat he was able to light his oil stove, 
remove and partially dry some of his 
clothes and make some hot tea. During 
the night however, the force of wmcf 
made the ice raft. Great weird pinnacle": 
rose high, many feet out of the water, 
threatening to over run and engulf his 
little craft. By dressing hurriedly and 
shifting his boat from pan to pan he was 
able to let her jam in between first one 
piece and then another till ci,aylight. when 
he again proceeded on his way. He did 
not make the land till half past one as he 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



69 



AUTO- 
LAUNCH 
FOLDING 
TOPS 




Made to fit any slr-e Motor Bo:it 
up to 3S feet long. Slrte curtains 
with celluloid lights are furnished 
with top. Can be made .-is sung 
and watertight as any cabin boat. 
Wlien folded down it is complete- 
ly out of the way; one half 
>f the top is folded to the 
liow, the other half to the 
^lom, and lays around the 
combing. It is staunch, 
:■ \ handsome and light, an 
^ ornament to any boat. 
No Motor Boat owner 
should be without one. 
Write for circular and 
prices. 



Manufactured only by 



The Conboy Carriage Co., Queen 



WHY? 




Because the ISever Miss 
No. 8 Is Guaranteed for 
I year's wear 

No Trouble 

No Sooting 

No Short Circuits 

No Broken Porcelains 

JUST 

Keal Spark Plug satisfacticn and 
at the piice ycu ought to pay- 

$1,00 each 
Mica $1.50 

Don't Wait 

Do it To-day 

Order a Set 

Your Dealer or Jobber or 
Direct, Prepaid. 

NEVER MISS irARK PLLG CO. 

LANSING, MICH., USA 



Street E. and Don, TOFOntO, OntaHO 

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STA-RITEl 

Spark Plugs have % 

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Longest " — for seven v 

years. ^ 

GeL a set from your % 

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Repaired free of charge. ♦ 

Price now $1.00. ^ 

- THE - % 

R, E, Hardy Co. | 

INCORPORATED I90C ^ 

1735 Michigan Avenue, ♦ 
Chicago % 

(formerly New Ycrk City) ,j. 




Send for list of size plugs used % 



in 305 ears and engines. 



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M ADE IN CANADA= 

Complete Outfits Fok 

MOTOR BOAT l_ I G M TIN Q 



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yacht lighting and engine spark- 
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BULLETINS ON REQUEST. 



CROFTAN STORAGE BATTERY CO. 

423-425 Que«n St. W., Toronto, Ontaiio. 



70 



ROD AXD GUN IN CANADA 



had drifted considerably in the night, and 
the trend of the ice is always towards the 
Labrador shore. The man, of course, 
makes nothing whatever of it. For this 
reason the people of Newfoundland think 
all the more of it, and there is no question 
whatever that it is a very praiseworthy 
i'fTort. 

Ilis arrival at St. Anthony was just in 
lime fur our annual sports. We had re- 
presentatives from all the villages around 
and five of the villages sent up special 
prizes, so that the events were most suc- 
cessful. It was especially strange that 
right in the middle of them a large 
schooner should beat through the ice to- 
wards the shore, and send men in from 
the west coast as well to get news of the 
movement of the seals in the Straits. The 
skipper was an old friend of ours. 

As I stood on the hill top to-day, and 
looking seawards couldn't see a drop of 
water as far as the horizon, it seemed to 
me an equally praiseworthy efifort that 
these modern vikings should be re-enact- 
ing on these shores the daring deeds ol 
their prototypes in this seething medley 
of endless ice, only along much better 
r'nes. At least they make use of the 
carcasses of their victims, where-as, ac- 
cording to their own accounts, the vik- 
ings of yore flung the bodies of their 
Skracling victims as carrion merely to 
I he beasts of prey. The men who landed 
ran out over the loose ice, jumping from 
piece to piece, and with their vessel have 
long ago disappeared in the ice pack. 
Not a vestige of life is to be seen sea- 
ward to-day. 

The dog race this year was a very ex- 
citing event. The winning team went the 
whole two miles at a stretch gallop with 
two men on the sled. Some tw^o of the 
five dogs were picked from a second 
house and needed their master's voice. 
It would have puzzled any horse to have 
kept ahead of them, and they came in a 
quarter of a mile ahead of any others. 
The only trouble then at the winning 
post was to stop them. They seemed to 
i)e thoroughly imbued with the Twen- 
tietli Century spirit of hustle. The rac- 
nnei race was a closelv contested event. 



About five and twenty men ran, the win- 
ner turning up from among the hardy 
sons of Mr. Read, of Locks Cove. The 
ever popular sack fight produced a hun- 
dred contestants. It was well fought to 
a finish and was won at last by a sterling 
St. Anthony man by the name of Pilley, 
but better known as "Steve," the captain 
of our local football club. My own nose 
and forehead, indeed my entire counten- 
ance, still betray the portion of my an- 
atomy I landed upon, when I received 
my coup de grace in this event. A novel 
contest was the pickaback fight, an event 
which had to be repeated, every one be- 
ing so eager to have a share in the fun. 
Each man had a boy on his back and the 
last left standing or who has not been 
charged out of the ring, wins the battle. 
As for myself this event nearly finished 
my career, but it produced endless a- 
musement and like all our events calls 
for no special skill or preparatory train- 
ing, just nerve and muscle — in which our 
fishermen and trappers^ excel. At the 
concert in the evening, given in the only 
liall there is here, belonging to the Or- 
angemen, our girls in uniform gave a 
very pretty display of Swedish barbell 
drill and one man gave a club display to 
music, his class not having yet arrived at 
sufficient efficiency to face an audience. 
The closing feature was with high, gaud- 
ily draped clubs stufifed with excelsior, 
which made a great impression on many 
of the audience. The value of these an- 
nual gatherings seems to us very great. 
We certainly do learn to understand and 
trust one another a great deal better 
from two or three days of "playing" to- 
gether. The open hospitality of every 
house and the generous spirit displayed 
by all the unsuccessful competitors is a 
far better sermon than many to which I 
have listened. 

Our deer and dogs are all busy haul- 
ing logs from the country and at last 
we have got our deer driving somewhat 
to our satisfaction. Meanwhile men from 
quite distant villages can get employ- 
ment for all their dog teams, which makes 
the welkin ring with the shouts of drivers 
and the barking of their dogs — and yet 
our deer go on the even tenor of their 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



71 




■how 70a the different klndi of Korona Cameras we make. 
CTThii 0«t»loffne tella «U akeut eai wondarfnl new 



A KOROiViA 

Is the Camera to buy for pleature or buainsu 

Korona Ca meras 

TAKE PICTURES ON PLATES OR FILMS 

You can use plttea for economy when taking a few picture* 
around home or daylight film packs In the KOEOVA ASAP- 
TEK when you travel and dealre film conrenlence. Tfc« 
ordinary fllm camera has rery few of the adjuatmenu and 
conveniences of a plate camera and for many pnrpotea li 
uaelesa. 

A KOEOITA CAMERA la good for erery photofrapkie 
subject, equally complete as a film camera or as a plate 
camera. The mechanical construction of the Korona Cam- 
era la perfect, and the workmanship la laperb. The sign 
of quality In a Korona is apparent at first glance to any- 
one whether they know the points of a camera or not. 

We DON'T WANT TO SELL TOU A KOKONA CAM- 
EKA. ..We only wish to send you our Interesting 
catalogue of Korona Cameras and give yon the addr«M 
of the dealer In your vicinity who will be pleased to 



PANCRATIC TELEPHOTO LENS 

Gundlach-Manhattan Optical Company 



I9i Clinton Avenue So., 

T. EATON CO., LTD. 
Toronto aad Winnipeg. 



Rochester, N.Y. 
Our goods are sold by IrTSALLl 

UNITED PHOTOGRAPHIC STORES, Ltd. VifUs 
Toronto. Montreal. Ottawa. Quebec. 




See 
New Features 

Low Prices 



1910 



Do net mils our Catalogue 

GUARANTEE MOTOR CO., 



63 Bay St., North 



Hamilton, Ont. 






Tks Celebrated Haagailaa and EngUak 

Partridges and Pheasants 

Capercailzies, Black Game, WUd Turkeys, QaalLi, 
Babbits. Deer^ etc., for stocking purposes. rancy 
Pheasants, Peafowl, Swana, Cranes, Storks, Orna- 
mental Geese and Ducks. Foxes Sqalrrels, Ferreta, 
etc. All kinds of birds and animals bongbt and 
•old. 

WENZ & MACKENSEN 

DEPT, K. 

PHIASANTRT & OAXE PAJLT, TAXDLZY, PA, 



A 

Camera 

is not 

a 
Luxury 



^«* 




to the true sportsman. Send Twenty-Five yearly 
subscriptions, and a KORONA PETIT Camera, size 
iH'^sH, w^ill be sent you. This camera manufactured by 

Gundlach-Manhattan Optical Co. 

Rochester, N Y. 




APPKUPRIATE GIMb At Hope's bird Store 
Parrota, Cage Birds and Pet Animals. HOPI'I la 
recognised throughout Canada <ia greatest Bird Store. 
St. Andreabnrg trained canary warblers, daylight and 
gaslight singers. Make your home cheerful wltb •*• 
of these grand singers. German Canaries, Norwlcb 
Canaries, Scotch Fancy Canaries; Ooldftsh; fuey aa4 
cenmon Parrots: Engllah birds, fancy Plnebea; Flak 
Globes. Birds shipped in coldest weather wltb nfetr. 

io» auEior ST. w„ to»okto. 



72 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



way — hauling as much weight as any six- 
dogs. 

Getting into a new house in a sub- 
arctic winter is not a matter as easy as 
one might suppose. Staining the floors 
oftencr resulted in finding an amateur 
skating rink when one expected a surface 
to receive varnish, while you cannot paint 
windows or outside doors even on the in- 
side. Another trouble, and a very strange 
one, is that if you use a room at all. the 
warmer you make it the more ice forms 
on the inside of the window as soon as 
ever your fire goes out. If 3'^ou try to 
remove this ice you almost invariably 
break the window, while if you don't 
remove it. it streams down on the floors, 
runs over the wall below and ends up 
in a colored pool which you walk into 
without noticing very often till discolored 
river marks down the wall paper call your 
attention to your foot trails on the car- 
pet covers. There are many other dis- 
advantages that are most interesting 
however, to those who are forced to com- 
bat them. We have recently been forced 
to make our clubhouse return to its orig- 
inal purpose of a jail, as a prisoner has 
been committed for fraudulent obtaining 
of money. I am glad to say that he is 
not a northerner and therefore we do nof 
feel disgraced to the same extent. We 
seldom or never have prisoners of our 
o\vn. It was with an evil reputation our 
prisoner first took his residence here, but 
we had overlooked that entirelv till his 
tricks were repeated in our midst. Our 
jail would not be difficult to escape from 
with the slight supervision we are able 
to afford for jailing. We have therefore 
adopted the Elmira s^^stem and given 
him the key of his own jail ; we know he 
must be in his cell at six, for the club 
meets at that hour in the building. He 
has honorably observed his parole so far. 
We are keeping him employed at a re- 
munerative occupation, and we are hop- 
ing that the government will permit as 
to credit the people he defrauded wuth 
the proceeds of his labor and to make the 
duration of his stay in jail depend on the 
amount of work he gets through. I fail 
to see why a prisoner, who has come by 
the main cause of his trouble from an 



innate tendency to work too little should 
not be encouraged to cultivate the habit 
of overtime work while undergoing a sen- 
tence which is presumably remedial as 
well as prohibitive. 

One excellent new measure that has 
just come into force has been the pro- 
hibiting of the cutting of timber within 
a mile of high water. Had this been done 
all around the country the harbors today 
would possess an attraction that scarcely 
a country in the world possesses, while 
as the towns grew permission to clear 
land for building purposes could have 
been granted as they were necessary, the 
trees nearer being preserved from being 
sacrificed for either fuel or building. 
These March mornings with our perfect 
snow surface, the gorgeous green, the 
long days, and the light nights, make life 
here a dream when nature receives the 
treatment that God intended man to give 
it. The bald, shaven appearance may 
make man look ecclesiastical, but it cer- 
tainly does not make the land look divine. 
Our patients still continue to arrive 
periodically, hauled by dogs in the large 
woman boxes, which are far more com- 
fortable than they appear. Examination 
during operation of the mother of a family 
who was dragged up this way nearly 
twenty miles about a week ago showed 
that at least two of the entire vertebrae 
were destroyed as far as the bodies went 
by caries from tuberculosis, yet she had 
not suffered apparently a single ache or 
pain while jolting over these hills 'and 
valley's in all of that distance. 

These is much to be said for dogs as 
steeds. I have but an hour ago returned 
from a rapid drive with two good rein- 
deer, and good though they are and bet- 
ter for this country as they will always 
be when at length the day arrives on 
which dogs are to be done away with, 
I shall be amongst those who will most 
keenly regret it. There is no sport in 
the world that I know of to equal it. 
Except for the use of '"words," one might 
almost be driving a team of tireless fleet 
footed, never reproachful, almost indes- 
tructable human beings. With manv 
men I know, it is easier to develop a sin- 
cere love for these trustv canine friends 



ROD AXD GUX 1\ CANADA 



73 




ALL OUT-DOORS AWAITS 

Your KODAK 

The fishing trip, the camping party, the hunting expedition, the 
ball game and the swim^ming hole — in all of these are subjects for the 
camera. Every outdoor sport and pastime becomes doubly enjoyable 
for those who Kodak. 

And picture making is both simple and inexpensive with a Kodak 
or Brownie. They have efficient shutters and lenses, are well made in 
every detail and load in daylight with the light, non-breakable Kodak 
Film Cartridge. 

KODAKS, $5.00 to $100.00. BROWNIE CAMERAS, $1.00 to $12.00. 

Catalogue of Kodaks and Brownies, free at the dealers or bij mail. 

CANADIAN KODAK CO., LIMITED, Toronto, Canada 



74 



RU\) AND GUX IX CANADA 



than for any equal numljcr of one's own 
kind out of those that one can fall in 
with during a day's journey. Yet to- 
morrow again J leave on a long round 
with the beautiful sledge, for which I 
am indebted to our now famous friend, 
Capt. Robert E. Peary, behind a couple 
of reindeer named "Rcjger" and "Romeo." 
It will be hard to pass the wistful eyes 
and appealing antics of "Peter" and 



"Doc," of "Panther" and "Fox," of "Brin" 
and "Snap" and my other friends of many 
journies. If they only knew that I was 
going on a journey and they were to be 
left behind, even the wire of their kennel 
would hardly hold them and I should feel 
like sneaking ofif to the tethered reindeer 
in some way that would prevent their 
finding out that I was going to go back 
on them. 



Up the Pacific Coast From Vancouver 



BY NOEL GRANT. 



WE boarded the steamer Cowichan 
at Vancouver at six o'clock on 
Thursday evening with baggage, 
dugs and grub. intent on making 
a trip one hundred miles north. 

No sooner was everything in shipshape 
than we were off. Supper was served on 
board, and the sights that met us on every 
side added to our enjoyment of the meal. 
We sailed up inside the islands where 
the water was as quiet as possible — hard- 
ly a ripple. The mountains were on all 
sides and it seemed as though we slipped 
from one lake to another. Except for 
the tides the voyager could have no idea 
that the vessel was on the ocean. The 
tides are very strong in some places — in 
fact in the narrow places there are rapids, 
and to run them is quite exciting work. 
We travelled with the tides and it would 
be next to impt^ssible to do otherwise. 
The scenery reminds one of Muskoka 
but the mountains make a wonderful ad- 
dition. If. hinvever. placed alongside the 
real Rockies these mountains are only 
hills. A few of the peaks are named but 
generally they are simply called the Coast 
Range. 

Later in the evening the temperature 
became cool and as it began to rain the 
scenery was blotted out. The first stop 
was at half past twelve in the morning 
but I did not remain up to see it. How- 
ever, half past four in the morning (4.30 
is 7.30 in Toronto) found nie on deck in 
order that I might see the rapids and a 



few of 'the towns. The so-called towns 
are only lumbering camps. 

The weekly boat comes up with pro- 
visions, drops a "logger" here and there 
and at some camps an old woman, gen- 
erally colored or one of the lowest class 
of whites, gets oflf. 

All through the day the scenery was 
much the same, the rocks and trees com- 
ing right down to the water's edge. Oc- 
casionally a skidway was seen, running 
up through the trees to the top of the 
mountain, and that afforded the only var- 
iety. There are no stretches of sand or 
nice beaches. In addition to the patch 
at Loughborough Inlet there are only one 
or two in all that hundred miles, and the 
largest isn't more than a few feet ^y:idc. 

At half past ten the boat's whistle was 
sounded and we pulled up at the mouth 
of a bay when two boats came out t<. 
meet us. Up here they do not- row in 
the ordinary way; they stand up and push 
the oars. The contention of the boatmen 
is that they have more speed and power 
and are better able to see where the\- 
are going. 

The passengers and freight filled the 
two boats and also one belonging to the 
ship, and in a few minutes we were land- 
ed at Roy. In effecting the landing we 
had to wade for some distance, but no 
one minds walking through the w'ater 
here, and the incident came in for no com- 
ment. 

Roy is supposed to be a town. I saw 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



THE FAMOUS 

Moonlight Floating Bait 



SELF-GLOWING. 




(A ija^ligm Pnotograph of » the Moonlight Floating Bait) 
Good for Bass, Muskallonge, Pike, Pickerel or 

Trout. The Only Bait for Night Fishing. 

Remember, there is only ONE MOONUGHT 

BAIT on the Market; that is ours, and the Original. 

S^"* n"^^D»id for $1. 




( iiiis Is i.c same Bail as in<-.wu ab^ve, pnulu);iapticd in 

a Dark Room by the BAITS OWN I,IGHT). 

As this is a FLOATING BAIT, it is practically 

WEEDLESS, and can be cast among weeds and 

lily pads without DANGER OF SNAGGING 

THE MOONLIGHT BAIT COMPANY 

Elxclutive Maker*, 

'^Department B" : PAW PAW, MICHIGAN 

Wm. Croft & Sods, Toronto, Canadzi, 
Canadian Diitributor*. 




'J"■'M;r|.]:M.IJ^'^mJ^M.lJ. 







/ "W,- lish with 'BRISTOL' Rods' '— 
/ that's what they all say. That's whtt th« 
/ guides say; that's what the prnfeaslousl 
/ experts say: that's what the amateurs say, 
^ that's what the best sporting goods dealers say. 
Wherever there are fishermen you will Bnd 
"RRISTOL" Rods catching fish. Don't be "queer." 
Follow the leaders and fish with "BRISTOL" Rods. 
rook on the reel seat for the "BRISTOL" trade 
marlj. To anyone interested in fishing we wll' 
_ __ mail a Bristol nickel hook disgorger. and 
rREC our beautiful 1910 catalog free. (Please 
name your local dealer.) Artistic fishing 
o.Hlr-nil:!!' frnm Wrpth paintins.2."«r. postpaid. 

THK HOBTOW MFG. CO., v 

32 Horton St.. BrUtoL Comb. 




FISHING TACKLE 

EVERY DEALER should write for ovir big 150 page catalog and special dealer's 
proposition for his Town. 

EVERY FISHERMAN should send 5c. for postage for one 150 page catalog, and 
let us tell him Avhere he can secure Fishing Tackle at best prices. 

Honrocks-lbbotson Co., Utica, N.Y., U.S.A. 

FISHING TACKLE MAKERS. 



/Vew •* Mildebrandt '* Spinners 

In addition our Standard 
Spinners we manufacture a full 
line of new baits called Slim 
Eli and Idaho. Slim Ell for 
black bass and other game Oab; 
Idab« for irout and talmon. Our new specialtiei In addi- 
tion t« the above will interest any fisherman. Send for 
new UloBtrated catalog and see the latest. 
THE J.J Hit TEBPAKPT CP pr<wf' g. [tcn'fp' pt. i>b.. U ?.* 




Fish Bite 

like hungry wolves and keep you bn.sy pulling: 
them out, whenever, or wherever you nee our 

Wonderful Fish-Luring Bait. 

It brinps the finny beauties from their haunts 
and hiding places when no other bait will en- 
tice them. You catch a big string offish while 
the other fellow Is waiting for a bite. Sent by 

mail prepaid for 26cts. Booklets Free. 
Walton Supply Co., Dept. F, St. I/oais. Mo 




Wh^n writing Advertisers kindly mention Rod and Guk in* Canada. 



76 



ROD A\I) GIX IX CANADA 



one house, in wliich there were 'steen 
youngsters. This house is sometimes a 
private dwellino- and sometimes hotel 
but on boat days it is a Post Office. At 
first sight we thought we would take 
dinner at Roy, but as the tide began to 
run in and rain threatened we obtained 
some help and all pulled for Loughbor- 
ough Inlc't. The latter is three miles 
from Roy, but with the wind and tide 
in our favor we succeeded ; though land- 
ing none too soon for a regular gale 
was upon us shortly afterwards. 

Years ago Roy was founded by a 
bunch of loggers who put up a shack 
with bunks all along the walls up to the 
ceiling and a second shack for a kitchen. 
Having made their habitation sure they 
worked a way up the mountain, clearing 
a road as they progressed. In this road 
they placed logs with the bark peeled off. 
These logs were greased until the whole 
was like a toboggan slide. On the shore 
was placed a donkey engine with a cable 
running up the mountain and back 
through the woods. When an enormous 
tree was felled and trimmed, the cable 
was attached to the log and away it went 
through the bush. The work is danger- 
ous as the log may jam anywhere and. 
cause all sorts of trouble, leading some- 
times to loss of life. At the greased 
skid it is cut loose. Imagine how quick- 
ly a log weighing tons and tons will tra- 
vel down a greased mountain side ! This 
stage of the journey is accomplished like 
a streak of lightning and with a mighty 
roar like thunder it strikes the water. 

By and by a saw mill is started, a 
boarding house and more shacks, and 
women and children. Then things wane 
— the loggers move on to other places, 
the saw mill is closed and the settlement 
deserted. Before long the "hand loggers" 
arrive. These men work for themselves 
and are independent of companies. They 
follow the machine loggers like gleaners 
after the harvest. They fell a tree and 
get it down to -the water in the best way 
they can. When once in the water they 
are placed inside booms and sold. When 
they too leave, the place is truly de- 
serted. In brief this is tl^e history of 
each of these lumber towns. 



Any one walking along the shore will 
come across chains fastened in the rocks, 
logs piled in rude semblance of a wharf, 
pockets full of sawdust, and other things 
which denote the presence of men in con- 
siderable numbers at some time. Enter- 
ing the shack a cat may scurry away, a 
home-made bed, a broken table, a child's 
shoe, a scattered pack of cards, an old 
bottle, a clothes line still full of rough 
clothes, tiers of bunks decorated with 
pictures cut from illustrated papers and 
other things to be seen show the present 
deserted place was not long ago one of 
the habitations of men. In one place 
we saw a fire place with bunks built 
close to it, clothes lines about and chinks 
in the wall still stuffed. Anvone with 
imagination could follow the lives these 
people led. It is easy to see the steam- 
ing clothes, the tired men lying in their 
bunks and hear the rain beating outside. 
One can hear the crackling of the fire, 
the coarse jokes and the card game on 
the side. Amid the surroundings in 
which we found ourselves, all this and 
more in the great silence was easy for 
us. 

Outside we waded through timothyj 
and undergrowth up to our shoulders. 
Stumbling over something we stopped 
and found it to be a fallen fence. Ex- 
amining the ground we found strawber- 
ries. Further on, in nice rows, were red 
currants, black currants, raspberries, 
blackberries, salmon berries, wine ber- 
ries and many cherry trees. In one place 
there \vas a broken axe, in another an 
overturned grindstone, and further on 
a forge with bellows. Best of aH — boil- 
ing, bubbling, hissing and roaring was a 
creek with water as cold as the snow 
and ice and coming from far up above. 

When we looked seaward it was diffi- 
cult to believe it was the ocean — it ap- 
peared to be a lake surrounded by moun- 
tains. It is a strange place and has a 
peculiar effect upon visitors. In the 
great silence imagination is awakened 
and one thinks of long ago, of other lives 
and of the future. These coast places 
will some day be the resort of many 
visitors. 



ROD AND GUX IX CAXAUA 



77 




By Royal Appointment 





England's Great Fishing 

Rod, Reel, and Tackle Manufacturers 
will mail you heir large Illustrated 

Catalogue Free! 

It will pay you to import, as you get 

the highest class fishing rods and tackle 

the world has ever seen. 

Hardy's "Palakona" 

Split Bamboo Rods are the lightest and 
strongest made. 

Hardy's Alnwick Qreenheart Rods 

A.re superior to all others. 

Hardy's "Perfect" Reel 

with ball bearings and regulating check, 
fitted with H double tapered "Corona" 
line make a perfect Outfit complete. 




"Perfect" Reel with pat. agate line 

guard, 3 i-S ins £ 1-17-6 

The ' Fairchiid Rod. 
Palakona Split Bamboo. 

9 ft weighs 3M0ZS £5-5-0 

9^ ft. weighs 4 }{ ozs **»■«»-" 



HARDY BROS. Ltd., : Alnwick : England f 3 



London Depot: 61 Pall Mall— S.W. 



> ' 



SOMETHING NEW! 

SPLIT CAINE FISHING ROD, STEEL WOUND 

PRACTICALLY UNBREAKABLE. 

THIS IS THE LATEST NOVELTY IX FISHING RODS. 

Strongest Rod made. Call and see it, or write for particulars. Popular prices. 

HENRY WILKES & CO., LTD., 76 Wellington Street West, Toronto, and Studley, England. 



A LLCOCK'S REGISTERED STAG BAITS 

Lower Part of Spoon, Real Gold Plated ; Upper Part Silver Plated 
(The Stag has been our Registered Trade Mark for Forty Years) 




The Bait that cert 
does kill fish 



THE ALLCOCK, LAIGHT & WESTWOOD CO., LIMITED. 

REDDITCH 'England^ AND TORONTO. 



When writing Advertisers kindly mention iiOD and Gun in Canada. 



A Day With the Ducks 



BY WILLIAM CARUELL. 



L3NG before the dawn of a day in 
the fall our old friend of the Blue 
Jeans and his hunting^ companion 
were out on their way to the ducks' 
feeding ground. Although they had 
started so early they meant to make a 
full day of it, and while shooting would 
not be in order all day they well knew the 
benefit to health and mind from the car- 
rying into effect of such a programme 
as they had mapped out. 

Blue Jeans was rowing, and in that 
uncertain light which precedes the dawn 
their whereabouts was not as distinct to 
himself or his companion as was usually 
the case. While filling their lungs with 
the ozone of the crisp morning air they 
also kept a bright look out for indications 
which should tell them just where they 
were. Suddenly a stop was put to the 
rowing as the keen dark eyes of Blue 
Jeans piercing the gloom caught sight of 
a familiar land mark, which told them 
they had arrived at the place where the 
ducks had been feeding for a week or 
more. 

Carefully they set out their decoys, 
and in a hide which had been previously 
built, they took their places and settled 
down to await the coming dawn. They 
noted various indications of the world's 
awakening. A night heron left his feed- 
ing ground on the marsh for his bed. 
In the east a grey streak appeared which 
denoted the coming day. Soon the red 



Fish Will Bite 

like hungry wolves at all 

seasons if you use FISH LURE. 

It keeps you busy pulling them 
out. Catches dead loads of them 
in anv stream. Write at once 
for a free bottle offer and cata- 
logue of Natural Fi.«h Baits, 
Minnows, Shiners, Frogs, Worms, Rtc. Enclose 2c stamp. 

Michigan Fish Bait Co., Box F, Port Huron, Mich. 




gleams of the sun were seen shooting 
up into the heavens from behind the far 
off hills. The morn has broken — just 
such a morn as delights the heart of a 
hunter. A fresh breeze was blowing 
from the southeast and the decoys were 
just on the edge of the ripple. A large 
wooded island at their backs protected 
the hunters from the force of the wind 
and made a fine screen for their hide, 
which blended in well with the cedars 
along the shore. 

Out over the lake a fish hawk was 
circling and engaging in a diligent search 
for breakfast. All at once he paused 
and like a bullet from a gun dropped 
down only to stop himself before tak- 
ing a plunge into the lake. Either his 
prey had sunk too deep or shifted its 
position. Nothing daunted, he again 
mounted into the air and soon made a 
further attempt. How graceful were his 
movements ! With hardly a motion of 
his wings, so far as the watchers could 
see, he circled and soared, paused and 
again plunged down. This time, how- 
ever, he did not stop himself but struck 
the water with a splash which caused 
the spray to leap high into the air. His 
disappearance was brief and when he 
emerged he held in his claws a good 
sized fish. With a shake he rose in the 
air and was sailing oflF with his prey 
when a scream was heard, and the hunt- 
ers saw a bald-headed eagle launch him- 
self into the air from one of the trees 
on the island and start in pursuit of the 
osprey. The hawk also heard the 
scream and tried hard to escape from 
his relentless tax collector. He mounted 
higher and higher until he was nearly 
out of sight. He was no match on the 
wing for his powerful oppressor and try 




THE WONDERFUL "COAXER " TROUT FLY! 

ALMOST ALIVE. NEVER LOSES ITS SHAPE. FLOATS ANYWHERE. 
My guide said, 'these trout don't take flies.' I got 24 on the 'Coaser.' 
t'auKlil a l.">-inch brook trout on the 'Ooaier'— that's the record here." 
I get 17 speckled beauties before breakfast that averaged 12 inches." 
I have caught over 400 trout on one litUe 'Ccaxcr' fly." 
I found my little boy catching croppies with it to beat the band." 
Trout Size. 6 colors, $1.35: 12, S2.60. Bass Size. 6 colors, $1.65; 12, $3.25. 
Send Stamp lor Booklet of Bass Bails, etc.. in colors. W. J. JA.MISON. 2751 POLK ST,. CHICAGO 



NEW JAMISON TROUT SPOON 

Cut shows size 6. 




Set of Four Colors, $1.00. 
Made on 2, 4 and 6 hooks. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



79 



The 191 Improved Kelso Automatic Reel 

3rd— It prevents the tiah from getting slack line and 

then is more sport. 
4th-Sav('s trouble for the angler, by keeping the lino 



It i§ fully giinrnnteed; made of the strongest and 
lightest materials possible. The weight is correct to 
properly balance a 5 oz. Fly Rod. 

Fishing as a sport— gains added enjoyment when you 
use a KELSO Automatic .'ieel. 

This leel is not intended to catch fish for you automa- 
tioaliy, but when aided by your hand and brain— to in- 
crease your efficiency as an angler. 
Some of the reasons why KELSO Automatic Reel Is 

preferred to any oiher :— 
1st— It makes the handling of a rod much easier as it 

is properly balanced. 
2nd— It is large enough for bass fishing and light 
enough for trout. Can be wound up to give de 
ired tension on line 




proper length. 
5th- It keeps the line away from under your feet and 
out of the Hay while waaing a stream. 

6th— You would not use an old style muzzle-loading 
rifle in place of an autouuitic, noi because jou 
could not kill the game, but the automatic is more 
convenient and up toaate. Bo is the KELSO Auto- 
matic Keel, 

Price JS.CO at all dealers, or direct from us if unob- 
tainable locally. 

Write for thedeacriptive Booklet of specialties that 
are necessary to do business with game fish Buceessfully 
and without trouble, and which has a sample of our 
KELSO Enamel Line enclosed, which is the best 
enamel silk niadf 



II. ,K FROST & CO.. 90 Chambers Street. New York, MANITFACTURKRS OF FISHING TACKLK 



We have a 16 page Booklet describing a few special goods. Send for copy — no charge. 



.^» 



/A 



Steel Fishing Rods 



FLY ROUS. 8 or 9K feet - . . - $ i.oo 

BAIT RODS. 5J^, 6M or 8 feet - - - - 1.25 

CASTING RODS, 4 K. S or 6 feet - - - 1.50 

CASTING RODS, with Agate Guide and Tip - 2.50 

CASTING RODS, full Agate Mountings - - 3.75 





Trout Flies 



For Trial— Send Us 



COOPER 

FLY BOOK 



Ifiy for an assorted sample dozen, rtnaliixr A Fll»c 
•OC Regular price 24 cents. V^Udlliy t\ I IIC> 

30c '°^LVurr?rice^rc:ntr" Quality B Flies 



X A. for an assorted sample dozen. 
UVC Regfular price, 84 cents. 



iCC« for an assorted dozen. 

UOC Regular price, 96 cents 



Quality C Flies 
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as he would he could not escape. Well 
he knew that it was not himself but his 
breakfast that the eagle was after, and 
much as he hated to lose what he had 
won in a legitimate way he had at last 
to let it go. 

As the fish dropped, the eagle turned 
and with a rush that the eye could not 
follow he plunged down and within a 
short distance of the surface of the lake 
seized the fish, afterwards winging his 
flight to the island, there to enjoy his 



ill gotten gains. The osprey in turn a- 
lighted on a nearby tree and after a 
short rest proceeded to fish again. He 
was soon rewarded with another catch 
which he was allowed to enjoy in peace.. 
For the time being the battle for a 
breakfast had taken ofif the attention of' 
the hunters from the lookout for ducks.. 
Now, however, that both birds were sat-, 
isfied they renewed their search for a 
flight. They had not long to look. A 
pair of blue winged teal were discerned. 



so 



ROD AXl) Gi:X IN CANADA 



<:oming towards them. They appeared 
to be on business bent as they were 
coming fast with necks outstretched. 
lUue Jeans brought his old muzzle load- 
ed to his shoulder and laconically said. 
"I'll take the leader!" He had selected 
the hardest shot, and as the birds came 
nearer anxious eyes glanced along the 
barrels. Now! — the triggers were pul- 
led but only one bird hit the water. 

The old muzzle loader had scored a- 
gain as it had often done before. "Well, 
well," he said, "old girl you can kill 
some yet!" He might well say this for 
his bird must have been seventy yards 
away when he pulled the trigger. With a 
smile on his sun-burned face he turned 
to his friend, "Never mind, sonny, you'll 
learn to shoot some day. If you had 
only a good gun like mine you would 
not be so bad. That contraption of yours 
with no hammers on it is no good! It 
takes the machinery inside so long to 
get started that the ducks are gone be- 
fore the blame thing goes ofT!" 

Once more the two old cronies settle 
themselves down for another wait. By 
this time their nerves are tuned to the 
])roper pitch and their keen eyes are 
searching for more ducks. Soon Blue 
jeans gives the word "Keep down!" 
His watchful eyes have caught sight of 
a flock on the move and soon the birds 
are passing overhead. A few anxious 
moments follow. "Will they decoy? 
No — there they go! No, keep down, here 
they come! No, they are ofif," and the 
ducks pass on not to be lured by the 
well placed decoys. Disappointment at 
not getting a single shot was all the 
more keen as the hunters had recognized 
the birds as the much prized canvas 
backs, very rare visitors to the part of 
the country in which they were shooting. 

What can't be cured however must 
endured and the hunters again settled 
themselves down for a further wait. 
This time the ducks came by way of the 
water and were swimming amongst the 
decoys before the friends who were look- 
ing skyward had noticed them. The 
guns were raised, sighted and spoke to- 
gether. None flew away and for a mo- 
ment the hunters thought their success 
had beaten the record. Then it was 



seen that the majority of the strangers 
dived at the flash. When they returned 
to the surface they were out of range. 
The hunters moved out and picked up 
five birds. At first they were puzzled 
to know what kind of ducks thev had se- 
cured, as they were different from those 
to which they were accustomed. Closer 
examination showed them to be ruddy 
ducks. 

They were wondering what particular 
circumstance had brought the strangers 
into that part of the world when once 
more Blue Jeans passed the word "Keep 
down!" He had seen a flock of blue bills 
on the move. Here they come ! Again 
that anxious question was asked by l)Oth 
hunters, "Will they decoy?" The birds 
pass, but suddenly turn and come up 
against the wind straight for the decc-ys. 
A new light glistens in the eves of the 
hunters as they grasp their guns and 
watch the oncoming birds. They arc 
soon, within range and both men having 
selected their birds get in two shots be- 
fore the ducks have recovered ivom this 
warm reception. Quite a thrill passed 
through even the experienced hunters 
as they count six birds from four shots. 
On the whole they feel they have not 
done badly — twelve birds for eight shots. 

They decide that this was good enough 
to entitle them to a cup of hot tea, some 
lunch and a stretch. Accordingly they 
make for the island. Just after lauding 
they put up some Jack snipe auii de- 
cide to have some of them to add' to 
their bag. This was the undoing of our 
friend with the old muzzle loader. His 
companion quietly slipped out the shells 
of heavy shot from his breech loader 
and put in their places others loaded 
with No. 10 shot. The birds were not 
difficult to put up, and as they rose the 
breech loader spoke right and left, both 
barrels registering a kill. The muzzle 
loader made clean misses until the score 
stood: breech loader six; muzzle loader 
none. Now the boot was on the other 
leg, and as they made their wav to the 
Sap Shanty to eat their lunch. Blue 
Jeans came in for some roasting. 

He was advised to get rid of an old 
gas pipe like his gun and to purchase 
a pop gun with which he might be able 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



81 




RIES 



AND 

Shredded Wheat Biscuit 

A Dainty, Delicious Delight for the palate that 
is tired of heavy meats and soggy pastries. 

Being made in biscuit form, it is easy to prepare 
a delicious, wholesome mea! with Shredded Wheat 
and berries or other fruits. The porous shreds of the 
biscuit take up the fruit acids, neutralizing them and 
presenting them to the palate in all the richness of 
their natural flavor. 

Heat the biscuit in an oven to restore crispness, then cover with strawberries, or 
other berries, and serve with milk or cream, adding sugar to suit the taste. More 
nutritious and more wholesome than ordinary "short cake." 

If you think of Shredded Wheat Biscuit in "'strawberry time" you should think of 
it every morning for breakfast in winter or summer. 

Two Shredded Wheat Biscuits heated in the oven to restore crispness, and eaten 
with a little hot milk or cream and salted or sweetened to suit the taste, will sup- 
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THE CANADIAN SHREDDED WHEAT COMPANY, LTD., Niagara Falls, Ont. 

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(S.V 



ROD AND GUN IN' CANADA 



to kill soniethingr. He \va<; told that he 
could never expect to become a good 
shot with a couple of pea shooters 
fastened to a stick. 

"Well sonny," he i^^ood humoredly re- 
plied. "I guess you scored that time." 

These little jokes are always taken in 
good part by these nM and tried friends 
who delight in each other's success more 
than they can express. During their 
lunch they talked of days gone by and 
recalled many similar scenes. In look- 
ing over their ba<^s thev decide that as 



they are neither p' t hunters nor game 
hogs they will quit for the day. 

All duck hunters like handling their 
decoys, and as the companions Have a 
fine assortment they found much plea- 
sure in picking them up and stowinj^ 
them away. 

The journey home was made in a lei- 
surely fashion and under pleasant condi- 
tions, both feeling the better for their 
outing and each vowing that it should 
not be long before thev aro our again 
on hunting intent. 



Wolf Bounty Frauds 



Willi the coming into force of the 
amended Fish and Game Act passed last 
Session by the Ontario Legislature, boun- 
ties will only be paid in future on grey 
timber wolves and the head and pelt will 
have to be produced when the afTadavit 
is sworn. By this provision the recent 
frauds on the Ontario Treasury, when 
bounties were obtained on a number of 
coyotes killed in the prairie provinces will 
be prevented. After the cases dealt 
with in last month's issue had been 
published, the attention of one of 
the Provincial constables was called 
the the fact that a young man 
named .Arthur McDougall, of Rainy 
River, had been collecting a cons'derable 
number of wolf bounties. Inquiries were 
made and it was found that he had de- 
parted for the West, the only address 
given being "west of Winnipeg." The 
services of the North-West Mounted 
Police were requisitioned, and with the 
imtiring diligence for which that force is 
noted, they traced him from place to 
place until he was finally run down near 
Calgary. Intimation was given to the 
Ontario police, and an of?icer was sent to 
bring him back to the Province. 



A special meeting of the Court, presided 
over by Police Magistrate Brodie, of 
Sudbury, was held at White River, and 
the evidence called in the other cases was 
repeated. It was shown that a consider- 
able traf^c in the hire of coyote skins had 
been going on for some time. .\ Jew 
firm of fur dealers hired out the coyote 
skins for small sums, and it was alleged 
shared in the profits when these were 
palmed oil as the genuine skins of wolves 
killed in the Province of Ontario, and the 
bounties obtained. Evidence was given 
that the prisoner was amongst those re- 
ceiving such bounties, it being stated that 
over $300 had been paid to him out of 
Provincial funds for coyote skins he had 
produced and for which he swore affi- 
davits to the effect that the animals were 
killed by him within the borders of the 
Province. The magistrate sentenced 
McDougall to six months' imprisonment 
in each of the several cases, but in con- 
sideration of the fact that he was in very 
poor circumstances at the time agreed to 
the sentences being served out concur- 
rently. The result of these cases is that 
Ontario will pay no further bounties on 
coyotes. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



83 



YOU NEED A HOLIDAY 

If for nothing else than to expand your lungs with nature's pure fresh air 

After a Winter of Dry Parching 
Furnace Heated Air at Home and Office 

Humidity is what makes 



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warmth feel good both in- 
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your furnace in heating the 
air practically eliminates the 
moisture therefrom. 
— THE - 

"Good Cheer" 

Circle Waterpan 



Fu 



rnace 



Gives you warmed air tem- 
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and there s both health and 
comfort in it. 





Water, as you know, is the^greatest of purifiers. 
Why then breathe an atmosphere desolate of 
moisture, as from the average furnace with its 
little makeshift waterpan, when the "Good Cheer" 
with its volume of bright sparkling humid air^ is 
The Circle Waterpan. easily within your reach. 

Our Booklet, " Hamidity and Humanity," mailed free on request 

The James Stewart Mfg. Co., Ltd. 

Winnipeg, Man. WOODSTOCK, Ont. 

Established 1845. Incorporated 1892. 



Other People's Opinions 



Toiiawanda, X.V., Feb. 12tl)/10 
W. J. Taylor, Esq., 

Woodstock, Out. 

Dear Sir: — 

The enclosed post ofl'ice money order is to re- 
new my subscription to Rod and Gun. The mag- 
azine Is a source of great pleasure to me and I 
ahould be sorry to miss a single copy. 

Frederick Hoyer. 

Winnipegosis, February 25th, 19 JO 
W. J. Taylor, Esq., 

Woodstock, Ont. 

Dear Sir: — 

Enclosed please find One Dollar ($1.00j re- 
newal for Rod and Gun for 1910. Would not be 
without it for double the amount. 

Yours truly, 

W. C. Ma pes. 



Prescott, March 3rd, 1910 
W. J. Taylor, Esq., 

Woodstock, Ont. 
Dear Sir: — 

I take pleasure in renewing my subscription 
to your valuable magazine. 1 look forward to 
each issue as one of the events of the month 
and enjoy your tales and debates very much. 

E. McXallv. 



Buffalo, X. Y., March 3rd, 1910 
W. J. Taylor, Esq., 

Woodstock, Ont. 
Dear Sir: — 

Enclosed you will find a post oll'ice order for 
one dollar for Rod and Gun for my renewal sub- 
scription. 

The Rod and Gun in Canada is a very pleasant 
visitor. I am not young. My hair is beyond the 
stage called grey, it is white. Still to read the 
interesting stories of fishing and hunting make 
me long for the time to come wnen I can again 
take my rod and line and cast my lure for the 
wary fish. 

I, like many other Americans, like to spend 
my vacations in Canada. I like its rocks and 
hills, its lakes and streams. The pure air of its 
highlands gives one a fresh lease of life. But I 
must say that if the Canadian Government want 
the tourists to continue to come and spend tneir 
money then they must exert themselves and see 
that the fiishing does not lose its zest by their 
not replenishing the streams and lakes to keep 
up the supply. I know of no better way than for 
each reader of Rod and Gun to use their influence. 
to accomplish this — especially the clubs. They 
certainly can reach some member of the Govern- 
ment who will help the cause along. 
Yours for success, 

Jason D. Ames. 



Richmond, Out., March 5th, 1910 
W. J. Taylor, Esq., 
Ed. Rod and Gun, 

Woodstock, Ont. 
Dear Sir: — 

You will find enclosed postal note for $1.00. 
I am very glad you did not stop sending the mag- 
azine to my address. I had quite forgotten to re- 
mit. I enjoy reading it very much and wish you 
every success for the future. 

Yours truly, 

J. J. Danby, M. D. 



193 Borden St., Toronto, Ont., 

Februarv, 26th, 1910 
W. J. Taylor, Esq., 
Dear Sir: — 

Please renew my subscription for another 
year, enclosed pJease find One Dollar ($1.00), 
The Rod and Gun magazine is getting more inter- 
esting every number that I see. Good luck to it. 
I remain, yours c^bediently, 

H. Mortimer Murton, 



Jordan Station, Ont., March Ist, 1910 
W. -T. Taylor, Esq., 
Rod and Gun, 

Woodstock, Ont. 
Dear Sir: — 

I hope you have continued success with the 
"sportiest" magazine ever. 

I am, respectfully yours. 

H. W. Hunsberrv. 



Renfrew, Ont., Jan. 10th, 1910. 
W. J. Taylor, Esq., 

Woodstock, Ont. 
Dear Sir: — 

Herewith please find postal note for $1.00 
subscription to Rod and Gun for 19l0. I am very 
much pleased with your magazine and trust you 
will meet with every success. 

Y'ours truly, 
A. Lindsay. 

University of Chicago, Jan. 15th, 1910. 
W. J. Taylor, Esq., 

Woodstociv, Ont. 
Dear Mr. Taylor: — 

The January Rod and Gun is undoubtedly 
good. The opening article by C. H. Hooper is to 
me one of the best of this sort I have ever read. 
Mr. Hooper has the skill of an artist of no mean 
merit in picturing the lite of the woods. My 
wife and boy and I traverse the "silent places'' 
from June to October every summer. We know 
what Mr. Hooper is talking about. 

Sincerely yours, 

E. L. Caldwell. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



85 




BRING 

INTO 

CAMP 

a few 

bottles of 

my 

refreshing 

UNFER- 

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JUICE, 

twenty-five 

cents the 

bottle. 




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ere 



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E. D. 
SMITH 

MARMA- 
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made from 
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quality of 

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BITTER 
ORAN- 
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GRANU- 
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SUGAR 



Don't Forget to Bring Along the Most 

Delicious and Purest Jams, Jellies and 

Marmalade Manufactured by 

E. D. SMITH 

Winona, Ont. 

And the pleasure of your trip will be in- 
creased a hundredfold. 
Your Grocer Handles My Goods. 




OUR MEDICINE BAG 



Stimulated by the reward of $1,000 of- 
fered for a g-enuine nest of the wild pig- 
eon many claims have been made to such 
discovery, but so far investigations have 
not sustained the claims of the finders. 
The strongest case appears to have been 
made out by Mr. Z Spence, a farmer in 
Harwich township, Kent county, Ont. Mr. 
P. H. Bowyer, M. P. P., for East Kent, 
testified to Mr. Spence's reliability, add- 
ing that he is sixty years of age and dur- 
ing his life has seen thousands of wild 
pigeons. Later investigation will show if 
Mr. Spence has really found what so 
many have missed. Several previous 
claimants were found to have mistaken 
the nest of the mourning dove for that of 
the wild pigeon. 



According to reports Baniif, Alta., is to 
be made a great winter resort as it is al- 
ready a great summer resort. Outside 
winter sports and inside attractions are 
said to be contemplated on a large scale. 



The moose head secured by Mr. F. B. 
Guild, on a Quebec game preserve, the 
incidents of which were recounted in our 
last October issue, has been mounted, and 
according to the Lake Placid News, the 
head "for perfection and natural beauty 
would be hard to equal." The mounted 
head will remind Mr. Guild and his com- 
panions of a most enjoyable and success- 
ful moose hunt. The hunters had in view 
"moose with big horns" and they succeed- 
ed in their endeavours. 



Owing to the advanced state of the 
season, and the fact that the fishing 
on the opening day was said to be 
equal to the conditions ordinarily pre- 
vailing in the middle of June, more 
Montrealers than for many years past 
made their way to the many good 



fishing waters in the neighborhood of 
that city. Particularly was this the case 
with the many resorts in the Laurentians, 
and most notable also was the fact that 
both sexes and all ages were strongly re- 
presented. The fact that the speckled 
trout is the favorite fish of Canadian wat- 
ers was shown to demonstration by the 
g;eneral exodus from all the Montreal 
stations on the eve of the opening day. 



The people living on the banks of the 
Little Saskatfchewan are complaining 
that they are deprived of the pleasures 
of angling and a healthy fish diet by rea- 
son of the fact that the power dam at 
Brandon has no fish slide. If the facts 
are as stated the local authorities should 
take some action in the matter. 



What is described as an ideal location 
has been obtained for the new fish hatch- 
ery to be established at Brantford by the 
Fishery Department of the Ontario Gov- 
ernment. Twelve acres of land on the 
Grand River, where an abundance of 
good water is obtainable, has been se- 
cured and it is believed much important 
work in the way of re-stocking local 
waters will be accomplished in the course 
of a few years. 



Two monster pike were caught at Arn- 
prior by Messrs. O. Greene and W. Car- 
penter early in May. One measured four 
feet and weighed 33 lbs., the other meas- 
ured 3 ft., 8 in., and weighed 38 lbs. 



Mr. Will'am Needier, of Lindsay, Ont.. 
a veteran fisherman, with a nephew and a 
third companion, obtained their legal 
li'mit of trout on the morning of the 
open season, one good speciman weigh- 
ing three and one quarter lbs. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



87 




The club 

are the original bottled Cocktails. 
Years of experience have made 
them THE PERFECT COCKTAILS 
that they are. Do not be lured 
into buying some imitation. The 
ORIOINAL of anything is good 
enough. When others are offered 
it is for the purpose of larger prof- 
its, insist upon having the CLUB 
COCKTAILS, and talce no other. 

G.F.HEUBLEIN & BRO., SoU Prcprittors 

S8 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Haxtford, Conn. LoirsON 



Trophies and Prizes 

FOR ALL EVENTS 

We are specialists in the line 
and clubs will serve their best 
interests by writing us. :: :: :: 

J AS. D. BAILEY, LTV. 

Jen^elers, Yonge St. Arcade 

TORONTO - ONTARIO 




The right Collar adds pleas- 
ure to summer outings — 

When canoeing, playing tennis, or enjoying out- 
ing trips, the ORDINARY collar is a ceaseless 
cause of annoyance. The snappy, trim appear- 
ance soon disappears — a few minutes' exercise 
with a paddle or a tennis racquet on a warm 
day finishes them. Not so with 

WATERPROOF 

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waterproof, do away with laundry expenses altogether, can 
be cleaned by a rub from a wet cloth. 

If your dealer hasn't "Challenge" Brand, we will supply you direct. 
Collars 25c., and Cuffs 50c per pair. Send to-day for our new free 
style book. "Hints for Careful Dressers"— Fashion's latest dictates. 



THt ARUNCTON CO. OF CANADA. UMITED. S4-64 Fmet A.e- TORONTO SAN 



88 



ROD AND GUX IN CANADA 



Mr. II. G. Wilson writes from the 
Windsor Hotel, Edmonton : 

As I have spent the last ten years in 
the far North, and am well acquainted 
with the ways of travelling also the ways 
and habits of all the Indians between 
'here and the Arctic, I am prepared to 
act as guide to any parties intending to 
take a trip of that kind either for sport 
or anyone in search of the finest land in 
this nortliern part of the country. I 
spent three years travelling through the 
Peace River country and I expect to 
make a trip through there this summer 
])roviding I can get a ^ood sized party. 
I will not 'be leaving before the middle 
(if July. I am at present running the 
Windsor Hotel Cigar & News Stand. 



Mr. Howard Niles, of Sydney, N. S., 
caught a trout weighing 4 lbs. 7^^ ozs. 
at the Forks near that town. The strug- 
gle with the fish lasted for half an hour 
and included some exciting moments 
when it seemed that the captive would 
escape. Mr. Mc Isaac, a companion ang- 
ler, obtained some fine two pounders. • 



A fifteen pound pike was obtained by 
r)and Sergeant Huberland near Kings- 
ston, Ont., at the opening of the fishing 
season. 



Mr. R. Matz. of the Cameron House, 
Kdmonton, fishing with a troll in the 
Saskatchew^an River, captured a six pound 
speckled trout, described as "a perfect 
(specimen." 



The police magistrate at Parry Sound. 
Ont., 'has fined a number of unlicensed 
fishermen for fishing w^ithout licenses 
in the prohibited waters of the Georgian 
Bay. Good results are expected to 
follow. 



Two or three seizures of fishing nets 
were made in the neighborhood of Rice 
r.ake, Ont.. by the steamship Naiad, one 
of the Provincial patrolling boats under 
the command of Captain Carson. 



Messrs. E. J. Wilkins and Dr. Dakin, 
ot Gait, Ont., were out early on the morn- 
ing of May second and succeeded in ob- 
taining thirty one "of the finest trout 
ever brought to Gait." Mr. Wilkins has 
a good knowledge of the trout streams 
of the neighborhood and to that fact the 
success of the two anglers was largely 
due, though their own dexterity with the 
rod must not be unduly minimized. 

Mr. John Parker, Fountain Street. 
Preston, Ont., caught a German carp in 
the River Speed, the fish measuring 29 
inches in length, 20 in. round and weigh- 
ing fourteen pounds. 



A few Sundays ago Inspector Black- 
wall, license inspector for the district of 
Temi'skaming, saw a big buck loping 
along the race course at Haileybury. The 
Inspector estimated his weight at 250 lbs. 
Later on in the day he traced the tracks 
to the bush. It is believed that the deer 
was chased by dogs and was trying to 
make Lake Temiskaming when he found 
himself too near civilization and retreat- 
ed to the bush. 



In the early part of May, Major Ed- 
ward Holland and party, hunting near 
Haileybury, Ont., shot a she bear. Three 
young cubs were found and taken to 
town. 



Messrs. George Rpss and W. D. - V. 
Earle, of Brockville, visited Devil's Lake, 
a broad expanse of water near Newboro, 
Ont., and landed no less than seventeen 
■salmon, all good sized specimens, in a 
few hours. Other notable catches have 
been made in the same waters. 



The mild winter in Vancouver Island 
has led to a great increase in both native 
and imported feathered game and sports- 
men are confident from reports received 
that hunting, during the coming fall, will 
be the best in years. So largely are the 
imported pheasants and Hungarian part- 
ridges increasing that it is anticipated a 
verv few vears will enable the Govern- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



89 



Jaeger Pure Wool Outdoor Overwear 

JAEGER SWEATERS for rowing, cycl ng, golfing, tennis, and out- 
door exercise generally, are made in all sizes ; small, medium and 
large, with collar or without collar, with sleeves or without sleeves. 

They are made in all desirable colors, from pure white to rich 
cardinal. 

The fact is. Jaeger knowledge of Sweater needs and Jaeger facilities 
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best in the world. 

This is just as true of ^lotor Ulsters, Motor Cardigan Jackets and 
Golf Jackets. 




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Manufactured and 
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UMITED 
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!)0 



ROD AM) GUX JX CANADA 



ment to cancel the prohiMlion at present 
in force with regard to the shooting of 
these fine game birds. 



The Manitoba Fishing and Hunting 
Chib have elected the following Board 
of Directors: Mayor Evans; C. J. 
Brown; Aid. Douglas, T. A. Lunt ; W. 
II. Evenson; R. C. Macdonald ; F. W. 
Heubach; C. E. McPherson. F. B. Hub- 
l)ard ; E. W. Baker, Henry Fry ; C. Tilt ; 
Isaac Pitblado; David Owen and J. B. 
Hunt. It is hoped to proceed with the 
erection of a club-house this vear. 



Mr. Thomas J. Pettigrew, Prospect 
Street, Toronto, writes a strong letter 
against the use of dogs in deer hunting. 
In his view such hunting "is not true 
sport, but brutal and needless waste of 
animal life." He stated that in eleven 
vears' experience of hunting he has seen 
many cases of deer hunted by dogs to the 
point of exhaustion, "and the sight is piti- 
able to behold. It is not sport ; it is fiend- 
ish and revolting." He believes that if 
the dogs are not stopped within five or 
six years deer will be driven so far north 
that "they can only be reached by mil- 
lionaires or men sufficiently rich to stand 
the expense involved." He urges that 
only bucks should be allowed to be shot. 
"Numbers of hard work'ng men in our 
towns and cities look forward with great 
interest to a week or two's hunting in 
ncjrthern woods. They need the change 
and it does them great good. If they 
do not waken up and join this cru-sade for 
the correction of a crying evil the pleas- 
ure will be denied them. Sportsmen and 
deer alike have urgent need to 'beware of 
the dog'." 



Mr. J. H. Wolfe writes from Lakelet. 
Ont.: 

Fishing in nur lake opened on April 
first but up to the eighteenth I had not 
captured one and although quite a num- 
ber have tried their hands T have not 
heard of any success. We have had two 
years' close season which has led to a 
great increase in perch and rock bass. 
We would be glad if some of the exper- 



ienced readers of Rod and Gun would 
tell us how they think Black Bass would 
do in our lake, as if the Trout do not do 
well we are thinking of trying Black 
Bass. The lake covers an area of about 
eighty acres, of which about fifteen acres 
are shoals. The water is pure spring 
water, about seventy feet deep in places. 
There is a good deal of gravel round the 
edges and some of the other parts but 
most of the lake is covered with grass, 
though the water is at all times clear and 
cool. 



Mr. A. S. Vidito writes from Victaux 
Falls, N. S.: 

In reply to your Alberta correspond- 
ent, who requests in your April issue 
(^pinions from experienced users of fire- 
arms as to the rifle best adapted for gen- 
eral game shooting in Canada, I wish to 
say that in my opinion the .303 British 
Box magazine cannot be beaten for an 
all purpose gun. My reasons are: First, 
it has a powerful high muzzle velocity. 
flat trajectory and heavy muzzle energy; 
and secondly, by using the miniature am- 
munition one has a gun for small game all 
the time. I have a .303 which I have 
used for seven years and although I have 
tried many others I prefer the .303 to all 
of them. When I secured mine it was 
the only one of the kind in this part of 
the country but now seven or eight other 
hunters have them and one and all agree 
with me. I give my experience to your 
Alberta correspondent for what, it is 
worth. 



Official reports from Cochrane, Ont., 
show that pra'rie chickens are now in 
considerable evidence in that district. 



I^he members of the Kaslo Rod and 
Reel Club form an active organization. 
The town is situated on the famous Koot- 
enay Lake in British Columbia and the 
members possess a great advantage in 
having splendid fishing right at the'r 
doors. The feeding spot of the big trout 
is said to be across the lake opposite the 
city. Twenty-two pounders are describ- 
ed as common while fish weighing thirty 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



01 



Inthe Good Old 
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Fishing. Canoeing. 
On the Steamer. 
In the Auto. 
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If your grocer does not keep 
these in his stock, write us direct. 
Made under Government Inspection. 

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TFhen writinn Advertisers Icindlu mention KOD and Gun in Canada. 



92 



RUD AND GUN IN CANADA 



seven pounds have been captured. Ihe 
twenty two poundrs however tax a 
sportsman's skill and give him a delight- 
ful experience. The members of the 
Club have elected the following officers 
for the present year: 

Hon. President— W. E. Hodder ; Hon. 
Vice-President— Col Pierson ; President 

W. E. Zwicky; Vice-President — D. C. 

McGregor; Sec-Treas— C. J. Quinan. 
Directors — Mavor Power, W. V. Pap- 
worth, W. G. Robb and W. N. Gallup. 

At the meeting at which these officials 
were appointed it was decided to memor- 
ialize the Government asking for the es- 
tablishment of a fish hatchery on the 
Lake in order to perpetuate the fishing. 
It was decided to co-operate with the 
Provincial Government by sending ex- 
hibits of frozen trout to various points in 
the prairie provinces during the summer. 
All the members pledged themselves to do 
their best, by example and otherwise, to 
assist the Government in upholding the 
fishery laws. During the evening medals 
were presented to the following winners 
of the Club's fishing events last season: 
1st Prize— Gold medal for largest fish, 
W. E. Hodder. 

2nd prize — Silver medal, Col. Pierson. 
For largest fish caught with fly — Silver 
medal 1st. prize, Geo. Thair ; second prize 
silver medal, Brooke Stephenson, Nelson, 
Special prizes — Collection of Stewart 
baits, donated by the Kewell Stewart Co., 
of San Francisco, won by W. E. Hodder. 
Prizes donated by the Celebration Com- 
mittee for visitors' fishing events last 
Empire Day; 1st, gold medal, won by 
Howard Bush, of Nelson, and 2nd silver 
medal, by F. Brown, of Trail. 

W. E. Hodder's prize, a silver medal 
for the largest Dolly Varden trout — char 
— caught during the season was won by 
Alfred Coolidge of Spokane. 



Mr. A. S. Clements writes : Last Octob- 
er, in company of a chum named Frank, I 
was doing some assessment work about 
twenty two miles west of Gowganda. 
We were getting short of meat and we 
would have to cross four and a half miles 
n[ wet portage before we could renew our 
'=;uDDlies. As I noticed moose tracks 



every day I went to an Indian and after 
some bargaining paid him $10. for an old 
rusty 38.55 Winchester rifle. It was so 
bad that at first we couldn't see through 
the barrel and it took us a week to get it 
smoothed up. The claim being two miles 
from our camp we were working only 
eight hours per day and by starting early 
one morning we were back and dinner 
was over by three o'clock in the after- 
noon. It was then agreed that Frank 
should bake a bannock while I took the 
old smooth bore as we called the rifle and 
tried for a moose. Taking the canoe I 
crossed the lake and paddled quietly into 
a bay. Landing and entering the woods 
for about three hundred yards I was 
examining a swamp with many mountain 
ash when I heard what sounded like the 
falling of a tree. This was followed by 
vvhat appeared the rattling of stonesancl 
the breaking of sticks and then I distinct- 
ly heard some animal's horns striking 
branches. From all these sounds I made 
out that he was coming straight towards 
me and I wondered how much dependence 
I could place in the rifle. While^ this 
thought was passing through my mind I 
heard a snort about thirty five yards off 
but try as I would I could not catch sight 
of any game. The bushes were so thick 
I don't think I could have seen a harvest 
moon. There was nothing else to be done 
and I fired three shots at the place I heard 
the noises. My shots were followed by 
a cough and I fired two more. Dead sil- 
ence reigned and reloading I proceeded 
to investigate. Very cautiously I made 
my way to where the noises came from 
and saw a moose seven feet high. He was 
still standing although one bullet had 
entered his eye and one or two more 
struck him in the head or neck. I fired 
again at his shoulder and he fell back- 
wards. Frank bad beard the shooting 
and was just going to try and cross on a 
raft when he saw me returning. In the 
work of dressing the meat and admiring 
the head the bannock was forgotten but 
we bad some fine moose steak instead. 
The heart measured twenty-six inches in 
circumference and as we did not take it 
out that night we found it gone next day. 
Most probably a lynx took it as there were 
no dogs in that region. As we bad to 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



03 







ai;d 



Seap^ 



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a hot kitchen, wasting time and fuel and 
wearing yourself out, when Clark's mam- 
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Here Clark's Pork and Beans are 
prepared and cooked better than any 
home-cooking can make them, and at less 
cost than you could prepare them yourself, 
Beginusingthem and you will wonder w/ty 
you bore the burden of the hot kitchen 
so long. 



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Montreal 




straight mine eye hath caught new pleasures, 
Whilst the landskip round it measures. 

— Milton's L' Allegro 



fav 



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about what you need to get the greatest 

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indispensable to its keenest enjoyment. Let us send you a free copy of our new 
booklet " Goerz Binoculars". It will tell you all about the glasses, how good 
they are and why. Please mention your dealer's name when you write. 

illustratedVJ'n^ta^^o^?It'^J"fP^'''''F'''*P^'l'^"^^''' cameras or shutters, get a copy of our new, handsomely 
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§ 



^Vhcn uTitiiuy Adrerti.srr.'i l-inJh/ utcnt'ton KoD AND Gux IX Canada. 



94 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



walk back forty miles, twelve to Gow- 
ganda and twenty-eight to Elk Lake I 
could only bring the horns out. We 
judged by our calculation that he would 
weigh between twelve and thirteen hun- 
dred pounds. 

One of the interesting things in con- 
nection with the Fisheries branch of the 
New York Forest, Fish and Game Com- 
mission, is the work of rearing shad. It 
is believed ' not many are aware of 
the fact that the department is producing 
at least $500,000 worth of fry and finger- 
ling fish each year, and d'stributing them 
in state waters. A hatchery has been 
erected at Linlithgo, near the city of 
Hudson, primarily for the purpose of 
rearifig fingerling shad to restock the 
Hudson River. As a secondary matter 
t is producing small mouth black bass, 
striped bass, perc'h and this year 500.000 
trout fry. Rearing shad is a new busi- 
ness. They are a very delicate fish to 
handle ; in fact to actually handle them 
kills them. Thev 'hatch quickly and grow 
rapidly. Experience thus far has not 
been altogether satisfactory. "We feel 
sure far better results will be obtained 
in the future. Our men have learned 
something about the rearing of shad. It 
is plain, now, the secret is to have very 
large ponds and not too many shad in 
each. IMill-'ons of small trout may be 
crowded together in a small space and 
thrive for a t'me — not so with shad." 
In 188S the National Government placed 
3,000,001) shad fry in a pond at Washing- 
ton having an area of 5 acres ; 50 per cent, 
were grown to fingerling size ; that was 
considered good work. At Neosho Sta- 
tion, in Mi.ssouri. 1893, 200.000 fineerlings 
were produced from 700,000 fry sent from 
Washington. That was considered fair- 
ly good work under the condit'ons exist- 
ing there. "We have many things yet 
to learn about the rearing of shad : how- 
ever, the evidence s'^ far produced indic- 
ates that it may be successfully done at 
the new hatchery and shad fishing in the 
Ilud-rn much improved thereby. "W hen 
all the ponds are completed the Linlithgo 
hatcherv will be one of the best in this 
c-^untrv." 



The hunting season and tourist busi- 
ness on the Columbia River at Golden, 
Canadian Rockies, was exceedingly good 
last year. Mr. H. G. Lowe, one of the 
responsible guides in those parts called 
on us and said that last year's season's 
profitable work had enabled him to come 
east out of the mountains for the first 
time in thirty years. He lives 42 miles 
above Golden which is a station on the 
Canadian Pacific Railway. His home 
is at Hefifner Landing and his post office 
address is either Golden or Gleaner, B. 
C. A sportsman w^ho goes to him has 
only to furnish his blankets, arms and 
fishing tackle — at a pinch Mr. Lowe can 
furnish the rifle. It is an excellent griz- 
zly country, and the other hunting is for 
sheep, goat, moose, mule deer, white tail- 
ed deer, and probably next season will be 
open for elk. It has been a closed season 
for two or three years. A favorite trip 
from his place is through the Vermillion 
Trail to Banff. Among Mr. Lowe's 
patrons may be mentioned the Marquis 
of Linlithgow ; ]\Ir. Madison Grant of 
New York; Mr. E. S. White, banker of 
Nassau Street, New York, etc. There 
are mountain peaks 12,000 to 13,000 feet 
in height to be negotiated near Mr. 
Lowe's residence. 



Frederick C. Selous. African hunter, 
collector and author, who was at Nelson, 
B. C. visiting his cousin, Harold Selous, 
mayor of that cit}-, expressed great ad- 
miration for Colonel Roosevelt, both as 
a man and as a big game hunter, in the 
course of an interview . He said among 
other things: "I immensely enjoyed my 
intercourse with Mr. Roosevelt on his 
African shooting trip. Though he and 
Lieutenant Governor Jackson and myself 
rode on the cow-catcher practically from 
iMombasa to Nairobi, I was not actually 
a memiber of his party, though he invited 
me to become one. But I thought that five 
white men and 200 natives was a large 
enough expedition and denied myself that 
pleasure. Our parties encountered from 
time to time, however, in the jungle, and 
all I saw of Mr. Roosevelt confirmed my 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



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THE 



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SOLE AGENTS FOR ANTICOR AND ARNOLD 
FOUNTAIN RAZORS. 





No. 10 $3.50 No. 14 $5.00 No. 12 $4.00 

■iM Of Beat 16 X 16 19 z 19 18 z IT 

Helckt of back from leat 23 In. 2« 1b. 24 la. 

Heifht of arm from eeat 9^ In. 16 iB. 2* la. 

THB dUtlnctlTc feature ab<yit mj Willow rnrmltnre is not the price, but the quality — lots of Art I^rBltare 
la sold at leas, bat 70a woald aot waat it at aar price when placed aloasaide of TOUKOBB'I WIL- 
LOW rUBNITUKI. I crow ia7 owa wUl«w. I •nporrise poraonally the workmanship. I gnaraatoe 
strength and darabUltr In erery srtlele. As to BIATTTT of this fantltiire, it spsaks fsr Itself. Ae 
handsome set, illastrated abore, sells for |12.60. It comprises three comfortable arm ehaira, aada «( 
Willow. That means coolness and comfort. T%srs Is ao reasou la the world why jtn shosld sit la aa aa- 
Teatllated and anhealthy apholstsred chair whsa 70a can bn7 these artistic chairs at prices from $8.M ta !!•. 
We also maaafaetnre a Tanet7 of other Bosh aad Willow rnmltore, taclodlDC Setees, Ar« Okalia-. 
faacy Chairs. Inralld's Chairs. Tsbles, Pleale Baskets, Aatomobtllsts' Baskets, and nnmeroos other artlelaa. 
Special Baskets of any style mede to order. lie sztra paekiag eharses for shlppinc to ontsids palata. Saat 
for catalor- 

W, YOUNGER, 666 Yonge St., Toronto 



96 



ROD AXD GL'X IX CAXADA 



previous estimate of him. He is no fea- 
ther-bed hunter, but a hard worker all 
the time, ready for anything. Mr. Tarle- 
ton. who shot with him all through the 
trip, spoke to me very highly of the ex- 
president's skill as a big-game hunter. 
Swapping hunting experiences around 
the campfire is a relaxation that ]Mr. 
Roosevelt particularly enjo\-s. and we en- 
joyed those times. The ex-president is so 
full of enthusiasm about everything that 
he infects every one. I know he enjoyed 
every minute of 'his long and successful 
shooting trip, getting acquainted with 
African big game. The white rhinocer- 
ous mentioned in the despatches is a 
■species very restricted in range and rapid- 
ly becoming extinct. But the nine spec- 
imens he shot will not be wasted as they 
all go to museums. That lad Kermit was a 
general favorite. I expected the boy to 
tire out. especially as he is of studious 
bent, reading Euripedes in the Greek. 
But at the end of three months you never 
saw a keener young hunter, well set up, 
with quite a degree of skill, and of bound- 
less enthusiasm. The long hunt of sev- 
eral months trimmed down the ex-presid- 
ent nicely, and he is in splendid physical 
condition." ]^Ir. Selous left Nelson for- 
New York where he was the guest of 
the N'ew York Zoological Society at a 
luncheon, sailing afterward for England, 
where he expects to entertain Colonel 
Roosevelt at "his place at Worplesdon. in 
Surrey, and show him his famous col- 
lection. 



At the end of the mountain chain, one 
hundred miles from Lake Pletipi in far 
northern Quebec, Mr. W. T. Lindsay, 
M.E.. of Truro, N.S., who made an ex- 
ploration trip there, states that he could 
not find there any sign of human life, "no 
trail, no mark of axe. and nothing to 
show that even an Indian had ever been 
in the neighbourhood." The caribou, 
which at one time ranged the countrv in 
thousands, have disappeared like the buf- 
falo of the west. Only one bear d'd thev 
see, and for three weeks thev had bear's 
meat three times a dav. 



According to Air. Lindsay, the great 
want of Quebec is exploration. "The 
government has sent two experts to 
study forestry in Europe in order to in- 
augurate a system of forest conservation 
in Quebec, but the government apparent- 
ly knows very little of the extent of the 
tree covered lands in the Province, and 
when a proper survey is made and facts 
gathered, there will be found that not 
half of the two hundred millions of acres 
of Crown lands which are believed to be 
covered by forests have any trees on 
them at all." 



"Gone are the forests primeval," not 
merely in the storied Grand Pre valley, 
but throughout the rest of the Province 
of X'ova Scotia as well ; but that Province 
has still valuable forests left and has de- 
termined to take measures for their 
proper use and conservation. With this 
end in view, the provincial authorities 
during the past summer (1909) began to 
"take stock" of their remaining forests 
and inaugurated a survey of their forest 
and other Crown lands. X'ova Scotia is 
thus the leader among the provinces of 
the Dominion in making inventory of its 
forest wealth. Dr. B. E. Fernow, dean 
of the Faculty of Forestry of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto, was given charge of the 
survey. Dr. Fernow is one of the pion- 
eers of forestry in America, having been 
prominently connected with the forestry 
movement since forestry began to be 
thought of on this continent. Associated 
with him were the Chief Fire AVarden 
of the Province and several trained for- 
esters. Only a rough survey, or "recon- 
naisance." was attempted. So far the 
south-western part of the Province, from 
Hants County westward, has been sur- 
veyed. The total area covered is about 
8,o-00 square miles. The cost of the sur- 
vey has been surprisingly low, averag- 
ing less than twenty cents per squaie 
mile. In the survey each member of the 
party was given a certain district and 
was left to his own discretion as to the 
method of accomplishing the work in 
hand. Where practical and advisable, 
records alreadv in existence were ut-- 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



97 



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THESCHULTZ BROS.. COMPANY, LTD., 

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Manufacturers Portable Buildings and Motor Boats. * 

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It contains twenty pages of very interesting and instructive reading 
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Gun, ' ' a poem, of life in the open. 

Mr. Marble spent his youth as a trapper, hunter and fisherman. 
Later he achieved more than local reputation as an expert timber esti- 
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98 



ROD AND GIX IX CANADA 



lized with a view of saving time and ex- 
pense, as was also information secured 
from reliable and well-informed perscjns 
having knowledge of certain districts. 
The fieldwork consisted largely in check- 
ing this information, the study of forest 
types, etc. This information was plotted 
in the field directly on maps (on the scak 
of two inches to the mile). On these 
were noted such points as the extent of 
the burned areas, the degree of cut- 
ting on cut-over areas, the composi- 
tion of the forest, the condition of the 
young growth or "reproduction." and the 
character of the farming lands, meadows. 
etc., wifhin the farming country. Dr. 
Fernow is hopeful as to the future of the 
forest. He writes: "Although the data 
on reproduction and rate of growth are 
not yet collated, it is safe to say that, if 
the fires are kept out (and apparently 
with the present organization still further 
perfected this can be done reasonably 
well, there is no difficulty in re-stocking 
by natural means most of the cut-over 
areas, if not too severely culled . . . 
In the pure hemlock-spruce stands all 
that is necessary is to remove the old 
hemlock thoroughly and cleanly to have 
the young growth of spruce, already on 
the ground, take its place." Very often, 
however, in his opinion, the rate of 
growth of spruce is exaggerated. The 
white spruce, growing in comparatively 
open situations, may. he thinks, make a 
sawlog in sixty years. The forest spruce, 
which is largelv red spruce, grows more 
slowly, and will probably not average a 
sawlog in less than a hundred years. To 
a large extent different species of trees 
are confined to, or are most numerous in, 
certain definite areas. The white pine 
is found most abundantly in Shelburne 
and parts of Queens Counties; the hem- 
lock most prominently in Annapolis, and 
the spruce in Digby County. Up to the 
present, knowledge of Canada's forested 
areas, the stands of timber thereon and 
many other questions relating to our fm- 
ber wealth, has been almost entirely 
guesswork. The significance of Nova 
Scotia's action is that she has been the 
first among the provinces of the Dominion 
to substitute certain (even though nnly 



approximate) knowledge, for guesses. 
The Province is to be congratulated on 
the enterprise she has displayed, and it s 
to be hoped that the authorities of, the 
Dominion and of the other Province^ 
may soon see their way clear to follow 
the example thus set. 



On the opening day of trout fishing. 
Dr. J. Wyckliffe Marshall and Mr. Robert 
White, of Owen Sound, and Mr. William 
McMeekin, Derby, were out early an. I 
succeeded in obtaining their legal limit, 
thirty pounds in all. The fish were caught 
at difi"erent points where the creeks arc- 
not reserved and amongst them were a 
couple of dozen that would not weigh 
less than two pounds each. 



Mr. George Gilbert writes from Salmon 
Arm, B. C. ; In the forepart of April I was 
out near the river with my .22 grouse gun 
thinking I might get a shot at a duck as 
there are generally a few odd ones along 
the river. When within fifteen yards of 
the bank I heard a big splashing and drop- 
ped on one knee and waited. In a few 
seconds I saw the head of a deer present- 
ing a lovely shot even with the .23. In 
a very s'hort time five more came walking 
down the middle of the stream. To ob- 
tain a good view of them I stood up and 
took a few quick steps nearer the edge 
of the bank. As soon as my presence 
was made known to them theV turned 
sharply round, took several jumps 
through the water and made for the bank, 
some taking the east and others the west 
side. The last to disappear was a fine 
buck and before entering the bush he 
turned for a final look and stood gazing 
at me for as long as I could have counted 
ten slowly, giving a chance for another 
lovely shot with a heavier gun. When 
all had gone and the noise of break' ng 
branches ceased I stood and wondered if 
it might be my good fortune to obtain 
such easv shots during the open season. 
One never knows. If it does I will give 
vou and your readers some account of 
them. 



ROD AXD GU\ IX CANADA 



99 



Oil Tan Moccasins & Hunting Boots 
That Beat Them All. 



IMPORTANT. 

Our Moccasins are 
all made with the 
patent Stiffened 
Heel. 

What would your 
boot be like with- 
out a StiflFener? 

A Moccasin with- 
out our Patent 
Heel would be 
the same. 

We control all 
rights. 

This is 
one 
point we lead in. 

It stiffens. Will 
not rip. Will not 
break down. 




We have been making Moccasins 
for years, and know what is 
required. 



Our Hunting Boot with 
double sewed sole. 



Our list comprises 6 inch, 10 
inch, 14 inch and 16 inch legs, with 
or without soles and heels. Double 
or single soles sewed or nailed on. 

Beal Bros. 

52 Wellington St. East, 
Toronto, Ontario . . 

Tanners & Manufacturers 
of Moccasins, Leggings, 
Etc. 



GREEN SILK TENTS 

We have placed on the market this year Green Silk Tents, 
which are going to be very popular with all Classes of Tent Users. 
They are light in weight but dark in color, which will add consider- 
ably to the comfort as a Sleeping or Living Tent, 

We manufacture these in all sizes at reasonable prices. Write 
for quotations. We also manufacture other styles of 



Tents 

Flags 

Awnings 

Tarpaulins 

Camp 

Furniture 




Pack Bags 

Haversacks 

Dunnage 

Bags 
Canoes 
Row Boats, 
Etc. 



J. J. TURNER & SONS, Peterborough, Ont. 



When writinff Advertisers lindly mention Eod and Gun in Canada. 



The "Ideal" Man 



John H. Barlow was born in England 
in 1846, and was taken by his parents to 
the States when he was eighteen months 
old. His father was a cotton weaver, and 
he drifted to his father's occupation as 
soon as he could go to work. 

Half a century ago the cotton factories 
in the States, as' well as in Great Britain, 
worked very long hours and employed 
voung children. At the early age of 
eight Mr. Barlow went to work in the 
mill and continued in that occupation 
until the outbreak of the Civil War. 
Both his father and himself then joined 
the army, the senior the 30th U. S. In- 
fantry and the son the 14th U. S. Infantry. 

When he left the army on the declara- 
tion of peace he recognized the fact that 
he was without a trade which would en- 
able him to command good wages. To 
rem.edy this defect he apprenticed him- 
self to a machinist, and in 1870 went to 
New Haven, Conn. In the machine shop 
of the Winchester Repeating Arms Co. 
manv opportunities for improvement 




JOHN H. BARLOW, tho -Ideal" Man. 



were presented by the variety of me- 
chanical work done at that institution, 
and Mr. Barlow took prompt advantage 
of them all. His steadiness and industry 
received recognition, and he was given a 
contract which he continued to hold 
until his resignation from their service. 

In 1884 he commenced the manufacture 
of cartridge re-loading implements under 
the now well known name of The Ideal 
Manufacturing Company. Having no 
previous business experience he could 
not induce the trade even to look at his 
goods. Undaunted, however, by this dif- 
ficulty, he commenced advertising, writ- 
ing all his own advertisements, the word- 
mg and arrangement of which were orig- 
inal, showing his inventive mind even in 
this line. Through correrspondence he 
cultivated an acquaintance with individ- 
ual shooters, reading magazines and 
papers devoted to outdoor sports, and 
writing to all whose names and address- 
es he could find. He thus commenced 
and continued throughout the entire 
twenty-six years of his business career an 
interesting exchange of experiences. It 
is believed he has written more personal 
letters to individual shooters in all parts 
of the world, aiding and advising them 
in various ways, than any other man. 

During the transition period from 
black powder to the use of the -present 
high power smokeless powder, the Ideal 
Manufacturing Company has ' been the 
general instructor and adviser of the 
shooters. 

He has been happy in his home life, 
ha\-ing three daughters, all graduates of 
Smith College and artistically and music- 
ally inclined. The best that can be said 
of any man is that he is an all round 
"good fellow." That means much and is 
inclusive. The term can be applied to 
Mr. Barlow, whose numerous friends in 
the trade, and the shooting fraternity in 
general. \v\\\ deeply miss his kindly let- 
ters and advice. All who know hirn, 
however, will be glad to learn that he is 
retiring in good health and hope he may 
live long to enjoy the well earned fruits 
of hi'S labours. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 101 



I IDEAL MANUFACTURING CO. | 



$ 



J. H. BARLOW, Manager. J. A. DERBY. Assiaanl Manager 

Reloading Tools for Rifles Pistols 
and Shot Guns and Other Specialties 



I J. H. BARLOW. 

t 

» $ > l | l l $ l * $ t-^.| $ t » * 4 ^ > ^ 4 » ^ » ^ » ^ » j l H ^ » j l » ^ » * « » ^ «l » ^ » * « > * 4 » ^ > ^ «l > ^ ^ « t ^ ^ < » ^ 1 »] } l l» ^ < > ^ «l l $ l l | > » j l » ^ < » * « l$l » ^ l $ « <j* •« $ « > $ * ' ♦ '' ^ '* * * * * * " ^ t * * ♦ * * $ * * ♦ '' 4 ' * ♦ * " t * * * '' ' $ ' * * * ' * " * $ *^ 



♦» 



^ 



?: 



I New Haven, Conn., U.S.A. 

t Rod and Gun in Canada, 

I W. J. Taylor, Pubr., 

t Woodstock, Ont., Canada. 

% Dear Sir: — 

Y I beg' to advise you that I have sold my entire business to the Marlin 

I Fire Arms Co., New Haven, Conn. % 

t I have been an advertiser in Rod and Gun for some time, and its f 

i pages I have used to keep the goods made by the Ideal Mfg. Co. before 

i its readers, many of whom I am pleased to say have become staunch j 

t business friends. To all my patrons, jobbers, dealers, salesmen and j^ 

t the shooting fraternity in general, I desire to extend my most cordial J; 

J thanks for the many favors and kindnesses received. A great many J 

t of my most immediate corresponding friends who are your subscribers, t 

^ I have never seen and perhaps never will see, yet friends they have ♦ 

? been to me. J 

t I have been benefitted by their requirements in my line, by their t 

I very kind letters and the kind words that they have spoken of my % 

I goods to their friends. To these I feel grateful, and I would ask Rod J 

% and Gun in Canada to please tell them so. I fancy many of your t 

t readers might like to see just what sort of a looking fellow they have % 

t befriended, so I enclose a picture of the "Ideal" man. j 

I I am pleased at this time to say to my successors. The Marlin J 

% Fire Arms Co., that I have found my advertisement in the pages of % 

t Rod and Gun in Canada a paying investment, and believe that they ^ 

I will do the same, and it is with pleasure that I recommend it not only | 

i to them, but to any and all manufacturers of powder, arms and ammuni- J 

f tion or sporting goods in general. % 

I Thanking Rod and Gun for the business help it has been to me, I am |; 

t Very sincerely yours, ^ 



♦ 



102 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



OUTDOOR CANADA 

IS DEVOTED TO 
SPORTS OK ALL SORTS 

THE ONLY CANADIAN MAGAZINE 



making a SPECIALTY of matters of 
interest to ATHLETES and all followers of seasonable sports 




OUTDOOR " 
0\^NADA 




NATIONAL 

IN 

CHARACTER 


WORLD WIDE 

IN 

SCOPE 


f 


t 



A PERIODICAL OF AUTHORITY 

That gives to Canadians all the complete and authentic § 

ATHLETIC NEWS OF THE WORLD 

Specially reported and illustrated. Embracing particularly every 
branch of Outdoor and Indoor Sport in the ^ 
Dominion of Canada 

Special offer: Subscription to January ist, i9ii, SO cents. 
W. J. TAYLOR, LIMITED. Publisher, WOODSTOCK, ONTARIO 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 103 

Publisher's Announcement 

THE readers of "Outdoor Canada" will be interested in the announce- 
ment that this popular publication has undergone a complete change 
of ownership and management. "Outdoor Canada" is owned and 
published by W. J. Taylor, Limited, well known as the publisher of 
Canada's leading sportsman's magazine, " ROD AND GUN," as well as 
several other monthly periodicals devoted exclusively to outdoor sports and 
amusements, including "THE MOTOR MAGAZINE OF CANADA" and 
the "CURLER AND BOWLER MAGAZINE." Most of the readers of 
"Outdoor Canada" are familiar with the constant improvements in "Rod and 
Gun" from month to month that have made it one of Canada's most popular 
magazines. To all of these the announcement made above will be favorably 
reiceived, and all readers of "Outdoor Canada" can rest assured that the same 
aggressiveness that has made "Rod and Gun" a magazine of national impor- 
tance in the sportsman's field will be used to make "Outdoor Canada" as great 
a power in the field of athletics. ' 



Our Future Policy 



TIE present demand and rapidly increasing call for a magazine, devoted 
exclusively to athletics in general, has not only prompted us to slightly 
change the character of this periodical, but has impressed upon us the 
necessity of specializing in those branches of sports that are most 
closely allied in their different seasons. No periodical in Canada has ever 
absolutely confined itself to the field of athletic sports and field games. This 
journal will, therefore, have the unique distinction of being the initial Cana- 
dian publication of such character. 

Its columns each month will contain interesting and authentic reports of 
happenings in the realjn of world sports. The most notable occurrences in 
the past, present and future of universal athletics, will be chronicled and fore- 
cast. Every remarkable athletic achievement will receive mention, and a 
complete tabulated list of records and their changes will be one of the fea- 
tures that will supply a long felt want and be appreciated as an authoritative 
reference by all followers of the various branches of outdoor and indoor 
pastimes. ' We feel that all departments of this magazine will well merit the 
commendation of those thousands of healthy and vigorous participants in, 
and followers of, sports of all sorts. 

Each department will be thorough and comprehensive, giving in general 
X and in detail such matter as will keep our rapidly multiplying readers in close 
i and constant touch with the latest news, specially gathered from the sporting 
T centres throughout the world. In "Outdoor Canada" every Canadian lover 
? of manly games and recreative sports will realize he has a national monthly 

♦ magazine to be proud of, as a ready reference of valuable information of all 
% that is latest, best and authentic and official in the broad field of athletics, 
f Special attention will be given to purely Canadian sporting interests and 
? illustrations, which features will thoroughly appeal to a people whose ath- 

♦ letic achievements and physical prowess have placed their nation in the fore- 
% most rank of twentieth century athletic accomplishments. 

$ 



104 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

♦♦ ♦-;--;♦ ' I ' ' I ' ' I ' » 'I' ♦♦•^^^ i-^:,<*^^'l' ' I ' ■!' '!■ '!■ -t* * * * ' ! ■ - t ' * * 'I' 'I' ' t ' 't' 'I' 't' 'I' •!■ '*■ '^ < • < ' * 'I' *' t" ** < • 'I' 't* * • > * ' ! ■ ♦ ' ! ■ 'I' ' > ■ ' I ' ' t ' ' i ' ♦ 



OUTDOOR CANADA 



CONTENTS OF LAST ISSUE. 

A. A. UNION OF CANADA SANCTIONS. 

I LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF ENGLAND ON SPORT. 

* ROWING AS A SPORT FOR WOMEN— G. Schubel. 
I AFOOT IN NORMANDY. 

I PHYSICAL CULTURE— Professor Anthony Barker. 

I WOODSTOCK AMATEUR ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION. 

I BOSTON MARATHON : THE BIG AMATEUR EVENT OF THE 
I UNITED STATES. 

I THE ATHLETIC WORLD. 

i KING EDWARD VH. : AN OUTDOOR MAN— Frank Hyde. 

I GOLF— Miss F. M. Harvey. 

t EASTERN SPORT GOSSIP- M. T. Brice. | 

X A copy will be mailed to your address on receipt of 10 cents in stamps. 1 

I W. J. TAYLOR, Ltd., Publisher, Woodstock, Ont. | 

t t 

4^<i"^♦*^4•4^♦♦♦^•^♦♦^♦^♦^*M♦4»♦♦M•*i«t•">4^♦^ 4>4 ^ « > t « » ! « » t < » > 4* ♦ ' t ' i * ' i * «i*4>4*4>4'4'4^M ^ ' ' ! « ' * * ' i * i ' ♦ 4* <• <■ <■ ' i * 4* 't* 't* ' ! ■ ■ ! ■ 't* 't* >ti 

I ■Bill HL ^^^y ^H^ ^^ ^^^^1 * 

J IS ALL YOU HAVE TO PAY US FOR THE i 

I C,A.V. High Tension Magneto i 

* Complete with distributor and One Year Guarantee. Same price % 

* for 1, 2, o and 4 cylinder ontfit; $3.50 extra for the 6 cylinder outfit. ^ 

* LIBERAL DISCOUNT TO THE TRADE' * 



I FRANCO -AMERICAN AUTO CO. I 

* ^ 

* Agents for Canada and U.S.A., T 

* 782 ST. CATHERINE STREET WEST, MONTREAL. * 

* * 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



105 



PRESIDENT 

SUSPENDERS 



Rigid Suspenders 
make tired shoulders 
and tired shoulders 
make all your energies 
limp. Only the sus- 
penders with the "slid- 
ing cords' ' give com- 
plete relief. 

One day's wear will prove their com- 
fort more than a week of reading what we 
say about them. 

TRY 

President Suspenders 

AH dealers 50c. Light, medium and heavy 
weights. Get the srenuine. "PRESIDENT" on 
every buckle- 

DOMINION SUSPENDER CO. 

Niagara Falls, Ont. 





Have COLEMAN Make You a 

SUMMER SUIT 

LIKE THIS 

Whether you live in 
the city or countr}^ we 
can take your measure 
and guarantee to fit you 
perfectly. 

Write today for samp- 
les of cloth. 

Satisfaction guaran- 
teed or money refund- 
ed. . 

$22.50 CARLYLE BLUE SERGE 
Made to Measure 

Coleman's, umited 

102 King, W. Toronto 




fwi 



We Outfit Camping Parties 



There are several excellent canoe trips in Ontario, of which we 
can furnish serviceable charts, as well as providing the 

Provisions, Tents, Utensils, Blankets 
and General Camp Outfit. 

For upwards of a quarter of a century, it has been a special feature 
of our business to outfit Camping Parties, and we know the requirements 
thoroughly and invite enquiries. 



Established 1835. 



MICHIE & CO., Ltd. 

7 King Street West, TORONTO, Canada 



^ 



Canada's Natural Resources 



The Doctrine of Conservation Expounded 



THE policy of Conservation was 
most effectively preached, and its 
practical application strongly ad- 
vocated, by influential and repre- 
sentative men at a meeting held in the 
Convocation Hall, of Toronto University, 
under the auspices and management of 
the Ontario Forest, Fish and Game Pro- 
tective Association, on the evening of 
May eighteenth. The wide range of in- 
terests represented, and the standing and 
character of the men pressing for the ac- 
ceptance of the policy of Conservation, 
was most marked and proclaims the fact 
that the Dominion government has not 
moved too soon in the appointment of the 
Committe of Conservation. The Hon. 
Clifford Sifton, who has been appointed 
Chairman of the Commission, has enter- 
ed upon the work in earnest and declares 
his intention of devoting the remainder 
of^ his public career to Conservation. 
His grasp of the subject, as shown in his 
able address, a full resume of which we 
give in this issue, gives promise that his 
work will prove notable and give him, 
if he carries out the lines laid down, a 
distinct place in the future of this country. 
A movement which can command the en- 
thusiastic support and the earnest en- 
deavours of a statesman of the calibre of 
Mr. Sifton; the strong advocacv of a 
gentleman so widely and worthily'known 
in the financial world as Mr. B. E^ Walker, 
the President of the Bank of Commerce : 
the Hon. Frank Cochrane, whose work as 
Mmister of Lands, Forests and Mines for 
Ontario has given him exceptional oppor- 
tunities for obtaining a practical know- 
ledge of the subject; of the Bishop of 
Niagara whose position as an influential 
citizen gives his advocacy of Conserva- 
tion a distinct value ; of Mr. Kelly Evans, 
whose patient work in organizing'the Pro- 
vincial Association is be.aring fruit; of 
Mr. G. T. Blackstock, the well known 
King's Counsel, whose insight in these 
matters renders his advocacy of great ad- 
vantage—a movement that can command 
the adherence of men of such influence 



varied talents and achievements is a 
movement likely to make vast strides and 
to exert an influence upon the future of 
the country the full effects of which the 
present generation cannot hope to see. 
The hopeful side of the movement in Can- 
ada is that it has secured the sympathetic 
interest of influential men and with that 
interest it cannot fail to make progress. 
When the people see the beneficial 
effects flowing from Conservation they 
will themselves join in the move- 
ment and assure its future. The Toronto 
meeting brought the question prominent- 
ly before the public and the speakers gave 
assurances to the country of the wide 
spread nature of the work and of the com- 
prehensive manner in which they are pre- 
pared to carry out the policy "to which 
they and the country are now'committed. 
In view of the importance of this gather- 
ing, and the manner in which the policy 
long advocated by the Magazine finds 
expression in them, we append a full sum- 
mary of the addresses delivered : 

The Hon. Frank Cochrane, who presid- 
ed, expresed his deep sense of the import- 
ance of the subject which had called them 
together that evening. It was one that 
not merely deserved the best thouglit and 
consideration of public men, but should 
also receive the careful attention of the 
whole people. It concerned not merelv 
those living in the present but all future 
generations, and it followed that there 
was no question of public policy at pres- 
ent before the people of Canada that 
equalled it in importance. He considered 
it highly creditable to the Dominion Gov- 
ernment that they had taken steps to ap- 
point a commission and he was delighted 
to know that, under the leadership of 
Mr. Sifton, the Commission are prepared 
to take a very broad and comprehensive 
view of the duties before them. They 
were not going to consider these question's 
of Conservation from a merely technical 
point but from a practical and everyday 
point of view, and meant to endeavor to 



ROD AXl) C.l'X IN LAX AD A 



lo: 




LONDON MADE-TO-MEASURE 
SUITS. 

Although you may be far from London — the 
centre of fashion in men's clothes — vet you can 
still dress in the latest West-end fashions (or 
if preferred in the latest New York styles) by 
communicating with Curzon's, the great inter- 
national tailors. 

Curzon's suits are made to measure by a 
special staff of expert tailors and cutters, 
from tweeds, cheviots, serges, worsteds and 
flannels, produced by the best British looms, 
and are now being worn by men in even,- 
corner of the globe. 

You may absolutely relj' upon the clothes 
fitting you perfectly and being in the very latest 
style. These are two of Curzon's specialities, and if you are 
dissatisfied your money is returned in full. 

Fill in a post card and adJress same to us as below, asking for our 
latest assortment of materials. Together with patterns, we send you 
fashion-plates and complete instructions for accurate self-measurement, 
tape measure, all sent free and carriage paid. We dispatch your order 
within seven days, and if you do not approve, return the goods, and we 
will refund the money. 

SUITS & OVERCOATS TO MEASURE 
from $5.15 to $20. 

The World's 
Measure 
Tailors. 

(Dept. 94 K 60 62 CITY ROAD, LONDON, ENGLAND. 

Addresses for Patterns : For Toronto ajad East Canada 

CVRZON BROS., c o MIGHT DIRECTORIES, Ltd. Dept at. I. 

74 76 Cburch Street, Toronto, Ontario. 

For Winnipeg and the West : 

CURZON BROS., CO HENDERSON BROS. (Dept 94 ', 

279 Garry Street, Winnipeg. 

Pltase mention this bat>er. 




When writing Advertisers Tcindly mention KoD and Gun in CANADiL 



108 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




THE HON. FRANK COCHRANE, M. P. P., Minister of 
Lands, Forests and Mines for Ontario, & Member 
of liio Conservation Commission, and Chair- 
man of the Toronto Meeting. 



conserve Canada's natural resources in a 
way that would come home to every man, 
woman and child throughout the Domin- 
ion. At their first meeting in Ottawa 
they had appointed committees to take up 
different subjects, the cb.ief of them prob- 
ably being fish, game and public health. 
As an evidence of the manner in which 
these questions were intertwined with 
each other he pointed out the importance 
from a medical standpoint of a fish diet 
upon public health, and expressed the 
view that with the proper preservation of 
fish the public health might be expected 
to improve. It might be said that the 
people of Canada were starting late in 
this work. That might be true to some 
extent, but he hoped it was not too late. 
They must remember that Canada was 
still a young country and had started 
earlier in this work than many of the 
countries of the Old World. He was 
satisfied that we had not started too late 
for Ontario. No one as a matter of fact, 
knew what the resources of Ontario were. 
Onlv one-fifth of the land in the Province 



had yet been disposed of and there were 
yet millions of acres where, as far as we 
know, the feet of the white man had yet 
net trodden. If a few years ago any man 
liad stated that from one of those northern 
townships the sum of thirteen and a half 
millions of dollars would be taken in the 
course of one year he would have been 
laughed at as a visionary. That, how- 
ever, was a dream which had come literal- 
ly true, and after that who should say 
what might not come from other parts, 
as yet unsurveyed, of the Province? Con- 
servation was likely now to become a 
leading question and to remain one. It 
affected both public, private commercial 
and business life in a manner and on 
points we do not realize. We could yet 
learn much upon the subject and the peo- 
ple of Canada would look to the Dominion 
Commission to give them a lead in the 
value of making Conservation a public 
policy throughout Canada. 

The Hon. Clifford Sifton gave the ad- 
dress of the evening. He expressed his 
gratification, not merely at the numbers 
of the audience assembled on a fine even- 
ing to hear addresses on what might be 
termed an academic subject, but also the 
quality of those who were present to list- 
en to the policy he hoped to lay before 
them. He pointed out that the work was 
more difficult in its accomplishment be- 
cause of the fact that the public were un- 
accustomed to the duties of conserving 
natural resources and much more accus- 
tomed to seeing such natural resources 
exploited for private ends. They were, 
however, very much in earnest in this 
work and meant to bring it to a practical 
issue and not be content to merely make 
speeches upon it. The Commission was 
composed of gentlemen who served with- 
out remuneration with the idea of doing 
public work for the good of the whole 
community. The Commission consisted 
of four members of the Dominion Govern- 
ment, a representative from each of the 
Provinces, and experts in different branch- 
es of Conservation work. The whole of 
the questions of Conservation of our nat- 
ural resources were so intimately connect- 
ed with each other that the public policy 
upon these matters could not but be of far 
reaching importance. We had been liv- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



109 



ERRING LOVES 



STYLE- FIT- 
DURABILITY 



SOLD \ 

EVERYWHERE 



-RAOE MAI 




Beers Brothers 

THERNOSTAT 




You need one In yonr boa>«. 

Keeps the temperature ex«ct- 
ly right, day and night. Saves coal, gaTee 
worry. Works on furnaces, hot water or 
•team heaters. Anyone can attach. 

It Tends the Heater 

the simpleNt apparatus made, guarantee 

to work perfectly and last for years. Bl« 

and little homes need it. Send today for 

booklet. 

BEEES BROS. THEUMOSTAT 00. 

160 Portland Are. Kockester, H. T. 



1 




ARMSTRONG'S SPORTING CAMPS, JACK FISH, ONT. 

Trout fishing on the North Shore of Lake Superior. 

Visit Armstrong's fine large camps, suitable for ladies and gentlemen. 

Motor boat service provided. 

Anglers can fish the Steel, Prairie. Black and McKellar's Rivers from Armstrong's Home Camp. 

Canoe Routes from Lake Superior to Hudson's Bay. Write for full particulars. 

F. C. ARMSTRONG, JACK FISH, ONTARIO, CANADA. 




COMFORT ■'frumt' T"*'f :V'' 

oportsman. Your feet have 
to stand the hardest knocks. Protect them with 
WITCH-ELK BOOTS, the lightest and easiest boot 
on the market. Made in all heights for Ladies and 
Gentlemen. Ask your dealer to order a pair or write 
for Catalog " R. and G." 

(We make a strong line of Golf, Tennis and Yachting Shoes). 

WITCHELL-SHEILL COMPANY 

Mfgrs. Sporting and Athletic Footwear. 



DETROIT, MICH. 



When writing Advertisers Jcindly mention BoD_^^CD_JzIZ2L-I2i— Caxaiu- 



no 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



ing in what might be called an age 
of exploitation. The two great re- 
quirements of Canada in the past had been 
population and capital in order that use 
might be made of the wonderful natural 
resources with which Canada has been 
blessed. We were now directly in the 
way of having these two requirements 
satisfied. Population was coming in as 
fast as we could assimilate the different 
peoples who were crowding on to the land, 
and capital was likewise being directed to 
Canada in as large a stream as could find 
profitable and useful employment. In the 
past exploitation had been directed to in- 
creasing the wealth of the individual rath- 
er than that of the country. Natural re- 
sources on this continent were so abun- 
dant that people got in the habit of thinl^- 
ing that they could deal with them in the 
most reckless manner without the same 
results following as had followed in the 
history of the countries of the Old World. 
In particular in the great country south 
of the international border line had this 
kind of work been going on. It was no 
exaggeration to say that never in the his- 
tory of the world had natural resources 
been converted into money or its equiv- 
elent, so successfully or on as large a 
scale and with such reckless disregard of 
the future as had been done by the United 
States for the last forty years. Unscien- 
tific and unsuitable methods in forestry 
had destroyed many millions of dollars 
worth of valuable timber. Fisheries had 
been depleted and destroyed and great 
tracts of land had been suffered to be- 
come almost wastes, because the natural 
resources had been dealt with in such an 
unsatisfactory manner that they had been 
allowed to become practically monopol- 
ized for the benefit of a few rather than for 
the good of the many. He hoped that in 
Canada we would so deal with these nat- 
ural resources that in the future the whole 
people might participate in their uses with 
reasonable treatment. Within the last 
few years a movement had begun in the 
States looking to conservation of their re- 
sources in order, first, that the people of 
the present generation might derive a 
proper share of benefit from their use and 
in the second place safe-guard them for 



the use of future generations. Those who 
attacked the Conservation policy often 
said that it was a policy that looked only 
to the future and they repeated the time- 
worn hackneyed quotation, "What has 
posterity done for us?" He desired to 
point out most emphatically that any 
proper conservation of our natural re- 
sources meant that the present generation 
should be benefited as well as those who 
might come after us. In the States this 
policy has aroused strong opposition and 
we were fortunate in Canada in the fact 
that so far our Conservation policy had 
received support rather than opposition 
from those people who in similar posit- 
ions had opposed the movement in the 
States. Here the leaders were encourag- 
ing it or at least regarding it in a very 
friendly way. In contrast to this state 
of things there was a declaration of abso- 
lutely ruthless warfare upon the Conser- 
vation policy by people well placed in the 
States. It was not difficult sometimes to 
make out a plausible case against Con- 
servation. It was not given to any peo- 
ple, even the advocates of most excellent 
measures, to avoid mistakes. When such 
a mistake was made by the advocates of 
Conservation it was magnified and put 
forth as if it were an essential principle of 
the general Conservation policy. He 
dwelt thus on the position in the States 
because our position in Canada was inti- 
mately connected with that great country 
and it was important to note that many 
public men in the States were absolutely 
hostile to the movement. In his opinion 
the time was coming, and it was not now 
far distant, when the policy of the States 
in failing to conserve their natural re- 
sources would lead to upheavels each one 
of which might well he a national ca- 
lamity. It must be plain to all observers 
that a country could not waste its natural 
resources, which in other words meant 
the means of subsistence of the people, 
without great evils following in the train 
of such work. In Canada we had regard- 
ed our natural resources as practically il- 
limitable. \A'ithout doubt they were vast 
and it was questionable whether any of us 
realize how big they are. At the same 
time we knew that in some particulars we 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



111 



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113 



ROD AXD GUN IX CANADA 




THE HON. CLIFFORD SIFTON, M. P., Chairman of the 

Dominion Commission of Conservation, the Principal 

Speaker at the Toronto Gathering, Who De- 

ilares it His Intention to Devote the Re 

mainder of His Public Career to 

Conservation Work. 



were not doing as we might and ought to 
,do. If we valued our natural resources 
at their true worth we should see that they 
were so used as to become a blessing to 
the whole country. We were standing 
as it were upon the threshold of a new 
national era. \\'e were at a point when 
we could follow the example of the States 
and reap, as they would reap, the evils fol- 
lowing such a policy as that in which they 
had indulged, or we could take warning 
from the Old World and from the States 
and guide our own country along better 
lines. To ensure the latter he "thought 
that we should get rid of many of the old 
•Shibboleths. We should realize that with 
a new era there were new problems and 
not rest content with going upon old lines. 
Of all the great national questions he be- 
lieved this was the greatest. Indeed it 
was so intertwined with others that if we 
could make a comprehensive and system- 
atic plan whereby our natural resources 
could be conserved for the whole country 
we should go a long way towards solving 



many of the problems which meet us in 
our daily lives. This question of Conserva- 
tion presented indeed a problem of prob- 
lems and it was a hopeful feature of the 
situation in Canada that the people, and 
particularly those of leading positions 
and reputations, were entirely in favor of 
the course adopted by the Government 
in appointing the Conservation Commis- 
sion and with the work of that Commis- 
sion as far as it has proceeded. Indeed he 
might say that the foundation of a 
Conservation policy in Canada had 
been laid. It would now make pro- 
gress and attain a position that was 
not merely temporary but would be 
permanent and which would produce per- 
manent results. We were so accustomed 
to absolute freedom in this country that 
we were not always alert to the dangers 
which flowed from that freedom. It 
might seem heretical to say it, but he 
could not avoid coming to the conclusion, 
from a study of the situation in the States, 
that democracy had not made good. The 
United States of course was the great out- 
standing example of democracy. The 
manner in \vhich they had allowed the 
natural wealth of the country to be mon- 
opolized made us doubt sometimes the 
value of their kind of government. Side 
by side with an enormous increase in the 
population — that increase being from 
twenty to thirty millions in a period of 
ten years — there was a rapid decline in 
the fertility of the soil which alone gave 
the subsistence for the lives of those peo- 
ple. The question indeed was very sim- 
ilar to that which confronted the states- 
men of the Old World, only in the States 
it was a more gigantic one. It was hard 
for us in Canada to quite realize the im- 
portance or the imminence of that great 
problem. The experiences of other 
countries like Germany. Holland and 
Belgium showed that it was only by the 
economical uses of their natural resourc- 
es that they sustained comparatively 
great populations. If we profited by 
their example, and avoided the follies of 
the States, we might hope for very great 
things in the future. We had an elect- 
orate in which there were no great mas- 
ses of illiterates. We had a countrv 



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114 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



capable of sustaining an enormous popu- 
lation and we possessed natural resourc- 
es which, if properly conserved, would 
provide for the keeping of the people in 
comfort and happiness. One of the 
greatest difficulties south of the border 
line had been the failure of the people 
to realize what their powers to accomp- 
lish results really were. He wanted the 
people of Canada to realize not only the 
excellent position of their country and 
their natural resources, but also to realize 
their powers in conserving them for their 
own advantage. He pointed out for in- 
stance the manner in which Conservation 
of the head waters of the rivers affected 
almost every one. If they had good wat- 
er power they could all have cheap light- 
ing, effective forces for factory purposes, 
a fine fish supply and beneficial influences 
upon climate and many other things into 
which he could not enter. These, howev- 
er, would show something of the far 
reacliing effect of any Conservation pol- 
icy. The truth was that the ordinary 
people failed to understand in how many 
ways they were affected and seriously 
affected by such a policy, and it was ow- 
ing to their indifference that a system 
like that of the States had grown up un- 
til it was almost impossible to alter it. 
It was the same again with forestry. Not 
only were scenic beauties and commercial 
work affected by deforestation but again 
also, climate, and many every-day en- 
deavors were made distinctly more dif- 
ficult where reckless deforestation was 
allowed. The Commission had no legis- 
lative or executive power and in that 
particular might be said to have very lit- 
tle power for evil. Their position was 
largely an advisory one but they meant 
to take care that this advice was always 
given upon knowledge and with care and 
forethought and they believed when ad- 
vice was so backed up it would prove 
valuable and effective. Sparse as was 
the population of Canada the pollution of 
rivers and streams had become — unbe- 
lievable as it might seem at first sight — 
a menace to public health. Five or six 
years ago no one would have considered 
such a suggestion seriously but it was 
really the case today and regulations 



would have to be adopted to prevent such 
pollution. They were also considering the 
question of turerculosis. There was a 
good deal of talk, and some information, 
upon this question but there was a fail- 
ure of a systematic plan for dealing with 
tuberculosis and the Commission hoped 
to be able to supply what was now la- 
mentably wanting. They had also a 
Commission on Forestry. Ten years 
ago when it was his duty to make a 
small beginning with a national move- 
ment and he secured from Parliament 
an appropriation of $15,00'0 for forestry 
purposes there was not a single forester 
in the Dominion. The term was then 
unknown. What a change has taken 
place in one decade ! Now they have a 
chair of Forestry in Toronto University, 
filled by Dr. Fernow, whose name was a 
house-hold word, and they had also a 
chair at the University of New Bruns- 
wick. The destruction of forests by fire 
had been absolutely appalling. The 
most prolific cause of such fires were the 
railway locomotives and the Commission 
had arrived at the conclusion that the 
time had come in Canada when the rail- 
ways should bear their share of the bur- 
dens in preventing such fires. He be- 
lieved that legislation with this object in 
view will go upon the Statute Book next 
session. They had a committee also up- 
on water powers. In the last session of 
the Dominion House there was an epi- 
demic of water power legislative propos- 
als. The majority of such proposals 
were most objectionable. The Commis- 
sion had endeavored to steer an absolute- 
ly straight course as between friend and 
foe in considering such measures. They 
had clubbed both friend and foe, although 
such a course was not at all pleasant. 
Some of the proposals were so amended 
that the objections were taken from them 
and those that were extremely bad were 
defeated. The movement to dam the 
St. Lawrence might not be dead but it 
was in a case of extreme paralysis. He 
urged them to be vigilant in case of any 
revival of the matter and secure its death 
next time it showed its head. In those 
endeavors they had had to cross the pol- 
itical boundary line. Their work how- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



115 




116 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



ever was progressing. He paid a tribute 
to the work of the Ontario Forest, Fish 
and Game Protective Association and 
dwelt upon the support the Commission 
had received from the Hon. Frank Coch- 
rane, the Provincial representative on 
that Commission. They were doing so 
well that he believed he might tell them 
that next session a new national park 
would be put on one side for the people 
of Canada forever. This park would be 
placed on the eastern slope of the Rocky 
Mountains, extending from the interna- 
tiunal boundary line for four hundred 
miles north and extending from fifty to 
one hundred and fifty miles in width. Un- 
questionably it would be the largest na- 
tional park in the whole world. He re- 
commended the Ontario Government to 
consider the placing on one side of the 
rock bound shores of Lake Superior from 
Sudbury to Port Arthur. The Ontario 
Government had done well in the reser- 
vations they had already made and par- 
ticularly in the Algonquin Park. Al- 
though they had done well they might 
do more, and he trusted they would be 
led by the success of their first experi- 
ments into others. It would be remem- 
bered that a few years ago the beaver 
were almost at the point of extinction,- 
and now they are so numerous in the 
Algonquin Park that numbers had been 
trapped on the authority of the Govern- 
ment in order to prevent them from do- 
ing mischief. He also suggested that 
good preservation work might be done 
with the Rideau Lake and river system. 
He himself had seen the astonishing re- 
sults from small measures of protection 
and he was convinced that with efficient 
work results would follow that would al- 
most seem incredible. They all knew 
that Maine was the stock illustration and 
he would not go into it any further than 
to say it was estimated that the annual 
receipts in that State were twenty mil- 
lion dollars, owing to the attractions of 
fish and game w^hich had resulted from 
protection work. These figures, which 
were all he would quote, showed that the 
subject was no small or trival one but was 
one of such moment that it must aft'ect 
everyone. It was a matter that appealed 



to the public spirited and enlightened 
citizen. He asked all of them to look 
at the question in that light. He was 
convinced that if they viewed it from the; 
standpoint he had suggested to them 
there was not one of them who would 
not in the future be an enthusiastic sup- 
porter of Conservation. 

The Chairman remarked that the On-. 
tario Government were about to make 
all the forest reserves of the Province 
game preserves and he belieyed that 
would be done next session. 

The 3ishop of Niagara, who mention-, 
ed that he lived over forty-eight years in, 
Canada, gave an appreciative address in 
which he described some of the features, 
of the natural resources of Cauda from 
Sydney, which he described as the jump- 
ing on place, to Esquimault. which might- 
be called the jumping oft place. Posses-, 
sing in many ways the most interesting- 
country in the wOrld, the patriotic Can- 
adian should make it his duty, as it was 
his privilege, to see that all the natural 
resources of the country were conserved 
for the public. In describing the scenic 
w^onders of Canada, he dwelt particularly 
on Niagara Falls and remarked that^ 
thanks to regulations, the commercial or- 
ganization? making vise of the power 
from the Falls had not in any way de- 
teriorated from its scenic beauties. He 
also dwelt upon the fruitfulness of that 
portion of his diocese known as the Nia- 
gara Peninsula and felt strongly that 
they would be guilty of very great Care- 
lessness if they allowed their natural re- 
sources to be in any way monopolized by 
a few. He pointed out how in his own 
experiences in Quebec the habitant had 
spoiled the fishing in a number of lakes 
by netting, w^hen. with little consider- 
ation, fish in plenty might have been ob- 
tained for untold years. The habitant 
in ignorance had gone against his own 
interests and that would be the case with 
the whole of the people of Canada if they 
allowed their natural resources to be 
exploited for the sake of a few in the pre- 
sent generation. He felt confident that 
if we, in this generation, do our parts 
well, those who come after us would not 
have cause to regret our actions. These 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



11^ 



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118 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




MR. BYRON E. WALKER, President of tho Canadian 
Bank of Commerce, Who is Interested in Conser- 
vation From the Economio Point of View. 

actions would not only do good for the 
present but likewise have an untold in- 
fluence for good upon the future. 

Mr. Byron E. Walker dwelt upon the 
different experiences by advocates of 
Conservation in getting the people to 
understand that the questions involved 
were of national importance. It was 
likewise curious to note that the point of 
view of national economics was of- 
ten lost sight of. Men would work hard 
to make provision for their families and 
forget the fact that by exploiting natural 
resources they would render the future 
of those of whom they thought so much 
very much harder. It would indeed be 
better for future generations if we of the 
present conserved our natural resources 
and thus made it easier for those who 
come after us than merely to work hard 
in the endeavor to leave some benefits 
behind for our children. The condition 
of things in Canada and the States pre- 
sented a great contrast and it was, as 
Mr. Sifton had pointed out, most notable 
that the influential men in Canada were 



leading the campaign whereas in the 
States they were wholly in opposition. 
The opportunities of Canada were won- 
derful. We had indeed the greatest op- 
portunity offered to any people in the 
history of the world and it would be just 
in proportion as we realized those oppor- 
tunities that we should become a great 
people. Greatness did not consist in 
material things but in the manner in 
which we took advantage of opportuni- 
ties presented to us. These opportuni- 
ties were at present our own and if we 
would avoid the mistakes of the Old 
World and of our neighbors to the sout/h 
we might yet make of Canada the very 
grandest country the world had ever 
seen. While Legislation might do some- 
thing to help it could not do everything 
and we must have a public opinion vigi- 
lant on this question to effect a policy of 
real Conservation. The sources of our 
rivers and streams must be preserved in 
order that their beneficial effects might 
be felt throughout the land. Of what 
use was it to have knowledge in an aca- 
demic form if the result was merely an 
intellectual excuse for doing nothing? 
Much evil might be done by mere care- 
lessness. If we would take lessons from 
history we should see that the follies of 
the Old World were not repeated in Can- 
ada. It was for fhe people to say what 
should be our future and he hoped that 
much might be done by the movement 
for effective Conservation. He suggested 
that the Ontario Government should set 
aside a tract of land suitable for forest 
growth in order that the students of the 
University might gain practical know- 
ledge and experience from studying 
the forest growth and so utilizing the 
land that it might be kept in perpetuity 
as a forest with regular cuttings there- 
from. Conservation did not mean a pol- 
icy of standstill. It was a policy of pro- 
gress but it meant that instead of reck- 
less exploitation care should be taken 
that our resources would not fail us in 
future. The practical side of the work 
might be done by the students of the 
University if such a suggestion as 
he ventured to make w'ere carried 
out bv the Government. He believed 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



119 



A Farm in Sunny Alberta Will Pay Hand- 
some Dividends. 



^ 





The above scene is a very popular way of preparing the ground for crop in Southern 
Alberta. In the foreground is a Gasoline Tractor drawing a gang of six plows, and in the 
distance is a large Steam Tractor drawing ten plows with a packer or pulverizer attached 
to the plows. Each plow in a gang wUl turn over two acres a day. 

We have over 50,000 acres of choice grain land from which to choose at prices 
ranging from $9.00 to $30.00 per acre, on very easy terms of payment spread over a term 
of years. 

Money invested in good Alberta farm lands is a better and safer investment than a 
first mortgage, as it has been clearly proven that it is the most productive grain land on the 
continent, and the quality of the grain is second to none. Thirty to forty dollars per acre 
is a very ordinary return to be realized from a grain crop each year, so you can see that 
tkia land is bound to advance very rapidly in price. 

Over 80,000 American farmers came into the North-West last season, and it is expected 
that over 100,000 will come in this year. 

The greater part of these farmers located in Alberta, which speaks volumes for the 
province. 

If desired, we can arrange to develop this land and put it under cultivation the first 
season at the actual cost of the work. This plan will enable you to move on to an improved 
place. 

A small amount of money invested in Alberta farm lands will show you handsome 
leturns. 

We have a large block of choice fruit lands in Southern British Columbia, which we are 
selling in ten-acre plots at prices ranging from $75.00 per acre up, on very easy terms of 
payment. 

Write to-day for full particulars. 

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R. B. ROSS, 

Manaxo* Sales Department 



Room R, Grain Exchange Building, 
CALGARY, 



ALTA. 



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130 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




MR. JAMES WHITE, Secretary of the Dominion Commis- 
sion of Conservation. 



that the effect on the Province and in- 
deed on the whole Dominion would be so- 
great that the Government would find 
that they had never done a better action' 
that the one he suggested to them. 

The Chairman remarked that he did 
not think it would take a very great deal 
of persuasion to induce the Ontario Gov- 
ernment to comply with the suggestion 
that Mr. Walker had just made. 

Mr. Kelly Evans thought that if the 
mechanics of Toronto knew as much as 
he did of this fishing question that Hall 
would have been crowded by them and 
there would not have been standing room 
for all who wished to attend. He read 
extracts from reports by previous Royal 
Commissions showing that as late as 
1882 five and ten thousand white fish had 
been taken from the great Lakes in 
single hauls, and on one occasion as much 
as ninety thousand. These times had 
now gone and through unwise use of the 
great natural resources of the Lakes a 
fish diet was practically denied the people 
of Ontario. He contended that instead 
of being an enemy, he was the greatest 



friend of the net fishermen as he was de- 
sirous of placing their industry on a per- 
manent instead of a temporary footing. 
He also dwelt upon the economic value 
of the tourist traffic pointing out the 
(overwhelming advantages gained by 
Switzerland and Italy through the de- 
velopement of their natural resources for 
tourist traffic. He mentioned that 
last year Michie & Co., for instance, sent 
one hundred thousand worms to the fis'h- 
ing districts and could have sent more if 
the supply had been equal to the require- 
ments. That might seem a small matter 
Init it was one showing the great possi- 
bilities of developement. Another in- 
stance came under his personal notice in 
which a resident of Boston spent $3,000 
in Toronto on furs. These were merely 
incidents to show possibilities and these 
possibilities were so great that one could 
not venture to hint at them without the 
charge of exaggeration being brought a- 
gainst the speaker. He believed it was 
a fact that 95 per cent, of the fish caught 
in Ontario was sent to the States and he 
hoped Mr. Sifton's Commission would 
consider the point of a prohibition 
of the export of Canadian fish as long iS 
the Canadian market was left unsatisfied. 
The whole of the fishing of our Great 
Lakes was practically in the hands of 
an alien company and it was time the 
people of Ontario woke up and con- 
sidered this matter in their own in- 
terests. A fish diet meant a great 
thing for health and the importance of it 
could not be too much emphasized by 
the Committee considering the ravages 
of tuberculosis. He drew attention al- 
so to the fact that if parents were wish- 
ful that their sons should go for a holi- 
day to the backwoods rather than to 
fashionable watering places they must 
see that the attractions of those woods, 
in the shape of the fishing and game, 
were preserved. Angling was an im- 
mense attraction and owing to the fact 
that it could be pursued in the most 
pleasant time of summer and that the 
season was a long one thousands were 
attracted thereby. This, would be the 
case in a much larger measure if the fish- 
ing could be maintained at its full vdlue. 
The game of the Province was worth 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



121 



Qrand Trunk Railway System 

"most Direct Route to the Highlands oF Ontario" 

Orillia and Couchiching, Muskoka Lake, Lake of Bays, Manganelewan River, Algonquin National Park, Temagami, Georgian Bay. 

Plan to Spend Your Summer Holidays This 
Year at One of These Delightful Spots 

Good hotel accomodations at moderate cost — The lover of outdoors will find here in abundance, all 
those things which make roughing it desirable. Select the locality that will afford you the greatest 
amount of enjoyment, send for free map folders, beautifully illustrated, fully describing these out of 
the ordinary recreation resorts. Address — 



W. S. Cookson 

917 Merchants Loan and Trust Co., Chicago 

W. E. DAVIS 

Pass. Traffic Manager. Montreal 



F. W. Dwryer 

290 Broadway, New York Gty 



E. H. Boynton 

256 Washington SL, Boston 

G. T. BELL 

AssL Pass. Traffic Manager, Montreal 



W. Robinson 

506 Park BIdg.. Pittsburg 







W^Wmldke. Home of Speck/ed Trout '' 






FISHING RESORTS IN 
AMERICA 

'are located in the "Highlands of Ontario," Canada, and are reached by 



GHAND TRUNK RAILWAY SYSTEM 

The Double-Track Tourist Route. 



THE KIND YOU CATCH AND WHERE THEY ARE CAUGHT, 
LAKE OF BAYS— Speckled Trout, Salmon Trout and Black Bass. 
ALGONQUIN PARK— Speckled Trout, Black Bass, and Salmon Trout. 
TEMAGAMI— Black Bass, Lake Trout, Speckled Trout, Wall-eyed Pike. 
LAKE NIPISSING— Black Bass, Maskinong(', Pickerel, Pike 
GEORGIAN BAY— Black Bass, Salmon Trout, Lake Trout, Pickerel, Pike 
OPEN SEASONS— Black Bass, June 16th to April 14th following year. 
Speckled Trout, May 1st to Sept. 14th. 

Salmon Trout and Lake Trout, Dec. 1st to Oct. 31st following year. 
Maskinonge, June 16th to April 14th following year. 
Pickerel, May I6th to April 14th, following year. 
Handsome descriptive literature relative to any of these districts, mailed free on 
application to 

J. D. McDonald, union Station, Toronto, Ontario. 
J. QUINLAN, Bonaventure Station, Montreal, Quebec. 

W. E. DAVIS, Passenger Traffic Manager, Montreal. 
G. T. BELL, Asst. Passenger Traffic Manager, Montreal. 
GEO. W. VAUX, General Passenger Agent, Montreal. 



122 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



thousands as attractions for visitors 
w^here it was only worth a few dollars 
when dead. These points needed empha- 
sizing on all occasions till the people 
thoroutj^hly understood them, for once 
the people understood them the battle 
would be won. 

yir. G. T. Blackstock, K. C., in pro- 
posing a vote of thanks to the outside 



speakers expressed his regret that public 
opinion seemed decadent and argued that 
if democracy was to prove the success its 
friends and sympathizers hoped it would, 
it needed loftier ideals, and a steady and 
persistent pursuit of those ideals. 

The motion was carried unanimously 
and the proceedings shortly afterwards 
terminated. 



What to Do With the Porcupine 



BY J. W McCALLUM. 



A few words with regard to fores- 
tration matters from a layman 
who has been to the woods and 
used his eyes, may not be alto- 
gether out of place. 

The members .of the Government con- 
tinue to talk about these matters though 
to do anything that could be seen with 
the naked eye means the expenditure of 
a good deal of money. Now, with re- 
gard to our timbered area in the north, 
one protective step at least might be tak- 
en which would do much good and cost 
little. 

I think many woodsmen will agree with 
me that one industrious porcupine can do 
more to deplete our maple trees in the 
north than a good man with money and 
young trees could make good. The por- 
cupine will come out of a big hemlock 
tree and in half an hour will bark a 
maple eight or ten inches from the 
ground up two or three feet. Of course 
that tree is done for though it may be 
from twenty to twenty -five years old, 
while the man sent out by the Govern- 
ment only puts in a tree as big as a 
broomstick. 

There are hundreds of thousands of 
porcupines. For the Government to 
make good their destructive work is 
practically an impossibility. I have been 
in the woods and counted twenty to thir- 
ty trees barked and dead within the 
space of half an acre and seen many more 
lying on the ground rotting from the 
same cause. It would be difficult if not 
impossible, to make an estimate of the 



losses the country sustains from these 
forest pests. 

Now if I might offer a suggestion I 
would advocate a change of policy by 
the Government. Instead of protecting 
the porcupine let the Government pay 
a bounty for every one destroyed— say 
twenty-five cents per head or rather for 
the right hind foot, since that part of 
his anatomy has no quills and being less 
meaty would be less likely to spoil. The 
twenty-five cents would pay for ammun- 
ition and trouble. 

I believe the reason given for the pro- 
tection accorded to the porcupine is that 
this animal is about the only one a man 
lost in the woods without a gun could 
secure with a club and thus be saved 
from starvation. It is not often a man 
would go into woods he knew nothing 
about without a gun and thus the chance 
for a porcupine saving a man's life is a 
very small one. I would like to hear 
of a man who has had to relv upon 
a porcupine in order to sustain 'life. 

In conclusion I may say it is not plea- 
sant for owners of summer houses in the 
north to find on their return to their 
homes that porcupines have eaten holes 
through doors, roofs or gables. They 
are often not satisfied with doing such 
mischief as this but also eat the tops of 
the tables to get the little grease or salt 
that may have been accidentally spilled 
and allowed to remain there. Still more 
exasperating is it when the unwelcome 
visitors gnaw a hole through the canoe 
just for fun. 



ROD AND GUX IN CANADA 123 



ARE YOU 

on the list for a copy of 

" Tours to Summer Haunts " 

describing 

Canadian 1 | Canadian 

■ to 

Tours ) I Resorts 

BY THE SEA 



IN 



Quebec, New Brunswick 

Nova Scotia, Prince 

Edward Island. 

Write Advertising Dept. Intercolonial 
RailhPay, Moncton, N.S. 



When writing Advertisers kindly >nc»fio>MioiL^vND_JlL:>LJJ^-JlLL:^JlLi 




X 



Mvlv^^ ^ttf^ -^ c^tTi^^ ^ 




~F V 

Mr. Wheeler's Position 



i\stonisnient is a mild word with which 
to express the feelings of all members of 
the Club when they hear that Mr. A. O. 
Wheeler has resigned his position under 
the Government, because he was unable 
to retain it and devote the necessary time 
and attention to his duties as the Presi- 
dent of the Alpine Club of Canada. 

From its initial stages to the present 
time, when the Club is well on to a mem- 
bership of 500, Mr. Wheeler has been the 
life and spirit of the Club, and it is due 
in no small measure to his earnest and en- 
ergetic efforts that success has attended 
its work in such a comparatively short 
time. Those who were concerned with 
the small liegimiings will remember how 
it was debated whether Canada should 
not be satisfied with forming a section of 
the American Alpine Club rather than 
launch out on her own account. Subse- 
quent experience has justified the choice 
then made and this fact is due very large- 
ly to Mr. Wlieelcr's vigorous and earnest 
work and to his genius for organization 
and administration. 

That the Department of the Interior, 
which spends so much money on immi- 
gration projects — some of them at least 
of douhtful value— should fail to apprec- 
iate the work of the Alpine Club in bring- 
ing to Canada men of world wide reputa- 
tion and thus spreading abroad a know- 
ledge of our wonderful possibilities for 



holiday recreations and sports, is a cur- 
ious instance of obliquity of vision. In 
this instance the Provincial Govern- 
ments of Alberta and British Columbia 
have proved themselves more far seeing. 
In both instances money grants have been 
made to the Club and the work material- 
ly aided thereby. It is curious to note 
further that this announcement appears 
in the same number in which also is given 
publicity to the fact that the Dominion 
Government intends to set on one side as 
a public park a stretch on the eastern 
slopes of the Rockies from the Inter- 
national boundary line for four hu-ndred 
miles north with a width of from fifty 
to one hundred and fifty miles, uhdisput- 
ably the largest National Park in the 
world. 

While this action is highly commend- 
able, the Park and the policy which leads 
to its reservation, will largely fail unless 
its existence and its wonders are made 
wadely known. To do this effectively 
organization is needed ; and for an official 
of the Department — an official engaged 
in active service on the ground — to head 
the movement and to contribute by his 
knowledge, to its success, would appear 
to outsiders to be rendering valuable ser- 
vices to both the Department and the 
country. Mr. Wheeler, in his work as 
head of the topographical survey of the 
Rockies, gained the knowledge w^hich has 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



125 




Your Vacation Trip 



IN arranging your summer vacation be sure that part of it, at least, is spent 
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propelled by po'werful engines and have all the qualities of speed, safety and 
comfort. The United Wireless Telegraph Service used aboard. 

Tickets reading via any rail line between Detroit and Buffalo, Detroit and 
Geveland are available lor transportation on D. & C. Line Steamers in either 
direction. 

The D. id C. Lake Lines operate daily trips between Detroit and Buflfalo, 
Detroit and Cleveland, four trips weekly between Toledo, Detroit, Mackinac 
Island and way ports, and two trips weekly between Detroit, Bay City, Saginaw 
and way ports. A Cleveland to Mackinac special steamer will be operated from 
June 25 to September 10, leaving Cleveland direct for Mackinac, stopping at 
Detroit enroute every trip and at Goderich, Ont., every other trip. 

Special daylight trips between Detroit and Cleveland daring July and Angust. 

Send 2-cent stamp for illustrated pamphlet and Great Lakes map. 
Address L. G. LEWIS, G. p. A.. DETROIT 
P. H. MCMILLAN, PRES. A. A. SCHANTZ, GEN. MGR. 



Detroit & Cleveland Nav. Co. 



The Powerful SMAXLEY Marine Motor iB now made in All Aluminum or All Iron as desired. 

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»11 SMALLEY details and will Ijeenly Interest you. 

GENERAL MIACHIINERY COMPANY. 



73 Trumbull Ave, Bay City. Mich., U.S.A. 



20 DIFFERENT DESIGNS 

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the largest manufaoturers of canoes in theworld. 
Detroit Boat Co., sa- Bellevue Ave.. Detroit, Mich. I 



When writing Advertisers kindly mention Eod and Gun in Canada. 



126 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



made him such an enthusiastic moun- 
taineer, and led 'him to wish to impart to 
others a share of the pleasures he exper- 
iences in liis mountain climbs. The 
knowledge and experience he has had as 
an official has assisted him materially in 
his duties as President of the Alpine Club, 
and it is not too much to say that his 
work in the .Vlpine Club has reacted up- 
on his duties as an official and aided him 
in further exploration. The two posit- 
ions are not incompatible; on the con- 
trary they fit into each other and leave 
the holder better fitted for both. 

The powers that be have decided to the 
contrary, notwithstanding these very ob- 
vious considerations, and in selecting be- 
tween the two Mr. \\'heeler has decided 
to remain faithful to his fellow members 
of the Alpine Club and resigned his post 
in the Department of the Interior. This 
resignation is a distinct loss to the coun- 
try as Mr. \\'heeler's enthusiasm and 
earnestness in his work make it difficult 
to fill his position. In a 'semi-oft'icial 
manner he will continue to do public 
work by making more widely known 
than ever Canada's wealth of scenic 



wonders in her mountainous regions, 
and the members of the Club may 
be trusted to rally round him and 
make future camps more sucessful than 
the past have been, although to surpass 
them means a great deal. 

So old and conservative a body as the 
Alpine Club of England — the parent 
of all Alpine Clubs — 'has recognized the 
work of the Alpine Club of Canada and 
set its seal of approval upon it. A num- 
ber of its members have been proud to 
accept membership in the younger or- 
ganization. While this recognition 
comes form abroad the Department of the 
Interior cannot continue indifferent to 
the fact that the work of the Club is, in a 
very large sense, national w^ork. Canada 
wants her wonderful mountains to be 
known the world over and for the accom- 
plishment of t'hat purpose no better means 
has been devised than by bringing dis- 
tinguished people here annually to the 
Club camps. When they return to their 
homes they spread abroad the knowledge 
of what they have seen and the country 
gains. In this way real public and nat- 
ional work is performed. 



THE CAMP 
OBJECTS. 

Tho Camp is for the purpose of enabling mem- 
bers of the Club to meet in the mountain regions 
of Canada, and graduating members to receive 
the assistance of the Club in qualifying for Active 
membership. It is operated at the 'east possible 
cost anu all charges are fixed £C as to cover 
the actual expense. 

DATE 

The Camp will open on Tuesday, July 19th, 
and close on .Saturday. July 30th. 
THE CLUB'S GUESTS 

Among tiie Club's guests will be several mem- 
bers of the Alpine Club of England, including Dr. 
T. G. Tx)ng3taff, whose explorations and climbs 
in the Himalaya are of world-wide fame. In the 
ascent of Mt. Trisul (23,406 ft.) Dr. Longstaff 
has attained the higliest undisputed complete 
ascent yet made. 

WHO MAY ATTEND. 

Accommodation will be prepared for two hun- 
dred persons, and applications therefore will be 
registered in the order in which they are received 
by the Secretary-Treasurer, due allowance being 
luade lor distance. 

Except as 1 ereinafter provided, the camp is 
open to Club members only. All members be- 
longing to Honorary, Active, Associate and Grad- 



PROGRAMME. 

uating grades may make application for accom- 
modation. 

Duly accredited representatives of literary and 
scientific bodies, of leading daily and weekly pap- 
ers, of standard magazines and professional photo- 
graphers will be given the same rates as Active 
meml>er.-'. 

Active and Associate members are privileged to 
bring their wives or husbands, but they will not 
be entitled to Active and Associate membership 
rates. 

RAILWAY STATION, 

Laggan Station on the Candaian Pacific Railway 
will be the railway terminal. The camp is thir- 
teen miles distant. It is reached by a good 
driving road extending easterly for ten miles 
along the base of Mounts Fairview and Temple; 
then, for three more miles by pony trail. 

transportatioIn 

There will be three trains daily arriving at 
Laggan, both from East and West. From the 
East ttiere will be two a.m trains and one p.m. 
train. From the West there will be one a.m train 
and two p.m. trains. Arrangements will be made 
to drive members from Laggan to the end of the 
driving roaa who arrive by the a.m trains. All 
who arrive by the p.m. trains will have to spend 
tne night at Lake Louise Chalet, situated three 
miles from Laggan. Arrangements will be made- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



127 




The Newest 
Fishing Waters in Canada 

— just a little above the usual " summer tourist" line are reached by the 
railways of the Canadian Northern System. 

Salmon, Trout and Deep-Sea fishing in Nova Scotia. 

Ouananiche and Trout in Quebec. 

Black Bass, Maskalonge and Trout in Northern Ontario. 

Black Bass, Trout and Maskalonge west of the Great Lakes. 

Salmon in Cape Breton Island. 

There is unlimited choice of sport and localities — within easy reach of 
Toronto, Montreal, Quebec and Halifax. If you want real fishing, in new, 
unspoiled waters, write for information and literature to the Information 
Bureau, 

Canadian Northern Railway System 

TORONTO, ONTARIO. 



«i>*M* ^ ' 'i« > i ' » i « 'M' '1' ' I ' 'V '1' ' ^ ^^^M♦4^■*♦^^<^^^*^^<■K**M■^■^I■^M^"^^ 



To the far famed Saguenay River and lower St. Lawrence jj 



AN IDEAL SUMMER OUTING 




via the Richelieu and Ontario Nav. Co. '* 

SUMMER HOTELS: Manoir Richelieu. Murray Bay, P.Q. Hotel Tadousac, Tadousac, P.Q. 4» 

For illustrated booklet, " Niagara to the Sea," send six cents postage to 
Thos. Henry, Traffic Manager, Montreal. H. Foster Chaffee, A. G. P. A., Toronto. 

n$>^.^ * . .^. ,|, >^, .;.H$H i . ^1 4. i t . ■ ! . , 1 , , 1 , , 1 , . ^ 1 . t i . t « ' M **:-"?" »I« i> 'l* 4« » t « »i« ■;« 4f 'M«4>^« - t ' • * * ' t - » > 4 ' » > "t "!" !' ♦ ' t ' ■ ? • ' 1 ' » 



if 



i'f 






128 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



to drive members daily between the Chalet and 
fhe end of the uriving road. The remaining thre? 
miles to camp can be walked. A limited number 
of saddle ponies will be available. 

The Club will only provide transportation be- 
tween Laggan and the Camp and between Lake 
Louise Chalet and the Camp. All arrangements 
between Laggan and the Chalet must be made 
with the regular transportation company. 

Members going direct to the Chalet should se- 
cure reservations before hand in order to secure 
accommodation. 

BAGGAGE 

No baggage will be received for delivery to the 
camp unless securely labelled with a proper bag- 
gage tag inscribed clearly with owner's name and 
"Alpine Club, Laggan." 

LUNCHES 

It is likely that a restaurant will be in opera- 
tion at Laggan during the summer months. The 
Club will provide limches at the end of the driv- 
ing road, but will not provide any meals between 
the railway terminal and that point. 

Members are strongly advised, especially those 
who prefer to walk tbe whole thirteen miles, to 
come furnished with lunches so as to be pre- 
pared for possible contingencies. 

CHARGES 

Active ana Associate members, and those placed 
in the same category with regard to rates will be 
chprged two dollars" ($2.00) per day, while at the 
camp. This does not include transportation or 
hotel expenses. 

Graduc,tin^ members who qualify for Active 
membership will be enlarged at the above rate. 

All others will be charged three dollars ($3,00). 
per c!ay. 

For transportation of baggage between Laggan 
and the Camp (13 miles) one dollar ($1.00) per 
lot, each way, will be charged. 

No person attending will be allowed more than 
forty pounds (40 lbs.) of baggage. If in excess 
a double charge will be made. No trunks or 
boxes can be taken to the camp. 

To drive between Laggan, or between the Chalet 
and the end of the driving road, one dollar ($1.00) 
per person, each way will be charged. 

No rig will be driven between I^aggan or the 
Chalet and the end of the driving voad for less 
than two fares plus the charge for two baggage 
lots. 

To enable members to visit tlie scenic points of 
interest in the immediate vicinity of Lake Louise 
a three-?('ate<i rig, with accommodation for eight 
persons, will leave Camp each morning for the 
Chalet and return the same day. The charge will 
be one dollar and fifty cents ($1.50) each for the 
round trip for a party of not less than four. 

Sadole ponies between Laggan and the Camp 
and between the Chalet and the Camp, one dollar 
and fifty cents ($1.50) each. 

iSaddle ponies between the end of the driving 
road and camp fifty cents (50 cts.) each way. 

A special charge will be made for the use of 
saddle ponies by the day, or for short expeditions^. 



Mr. Hayter Reed, Manager in Chief of the Cana- 
dian Pacific Ra'iway Compai-\'s hotels h^s. with 
the courtesy and friendship he has always shown 
to the Alpine Club again given its members a 
$3.00 rate at the mountain hotels. This rate does 
noe include rooms with baths. 

Mr. Reed has further loaned the Club our old 
friends, the two Swiss guides, Edouard and Gott- 
fried Feuz, who have been with us from the in- 
auguration of the Annual Camps. 

Our own guide, Konrad Kain, is again on deck. 
He is quite tne equal of any guide yet brought to 
the Canadian Rockies; particularly so in rock 
climbing, which i? his specialty. 

CLOTHING 

Members climbing require heavy-soled leather 
boots, well set with nails. Knickerbockers, puttees, 
s^^eaters and soft hat furnish the most service- 
able costume. 

No lady climbing who wears skirts or bloomers 
will be allowed to take a place on a rope, as these 
have been found a distinct source of danger to the 
party making the climb. Knickerbockers with 
puttees or gaiters and sweater have been found 
serviceable and safe. 

Skirts are fashionable round the camp fire. 

OUTFIT 

'Baggage should be ajs light as possible and con- 
sist of two pairs of blankets, Aveighing about 15 lb. 
an "eiderdown" or "comfortable" a small feather 
pillow, a change of clothes and boots, toilet art- 
icles, towel, soap, etc. 

A sleeping bag may be substituted for the 
blankets and "eiderdown."" 

Members are recommended to come supplied 
with snow glasses and drinking cups; only a 
limited supply will be on band at the Camp. 

Climbers shoula come with the soles of their 
boots well set with nails. Swisis edge nails can 
be had at the Camp. 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

Members to be eligble for the privileges of the 
camp must be in good standing; that is, have paid 
their dues for the current year. 

You are requested to notifj' the undersigned of 
your intention to attend the coming camp, at 
the earliest possible date, so that proper provision 
may be made. Members allowing their applica- 
tions to remain until the last moment must not 
feel aggrieved if they cannot be accepted. 

Swiss and other competent guides will be in 
attendance for all climbs and expeditions. 

It is expected that the usual one fare return 
rate will be obtained from the Canadian Pacific 
Railway Company. Applicants will be notified 
later. 

Badges can be obtained at the Camp. 

HOW TO OBTAIN MEMBERSHIP 

Nomination slips for membership and general 
information concerning the Camp can be had an 
application to the undersigned Secretary-Treasurer 
of the Club. 

Remember, unless otherwise specified herein, 
the camp is open to members only. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



129 



$95.50 Coward Special Motor Boat $95.50 

This handsome Motor Boat 
l)uilt in the largest factory 
in Canada is 17 feet long, 4 
ft. 3 in. beam, 2 H. P. 
I Perfection Engine, seats S 
people, runs Hh miles an 
hour, is a marvel of sim- 
plicity and beauty, no 
cranking, guarantee with every engine, faultless in every way, cannot be duplicated any- 
where for double the price. 

Coward's Boat Factory, Kingston, Ontario 




WHEN IN DETROIT STOP AT 

HOTEL TULLER 

ABSOLUTEIvY FIREPROOF 
Cor. Adams Avenua and Park Street. 




Has large 
Convention Hall. 

Grand Roof 
Garden Cafe. 

Our Unique 
Crystal Grill. 

Music a.oo to 
12.00 P.M. 

Beautifully and 
quietly situated on 
Grand Circus 
Park. 



In the centre ot the Theatre. Shopping and 
Business District. Service unexcelled. Every room 
with Bath. 
European Plan. 

L, W. 



Rates $1.50 per day aad np. 
TTJLLEE, Proprietor. 



T Opposite State Houae, Boston, Mass. 



COnnONWEALTH HOTEL 




Offers rooms with hot and cold water for 
$1.00 per day and up, which includes fre« 
use of public shower baths. 

NOTHING TO EQUAL THIS IN NEW 
ENGLAND. 

Rooms with private bath for $1.50 per 
day and up; suites of two rooms and bath 
for $4.00 per day and up. 

Dining Room and Cafe First-Class. Euro- 
pean Plan. 

ABSOLUTELY FIREPROOF 

Stone floors, nothing wood but the doora. 

JAjuipped with its own Sanitary Vacuum 
Cleaning Plant. 

Long Distance Telephone in Every Room. 
STRICTLY A TEMPERANCE HOTEL. 
Send for Booklet. 

COMMONWEALTH HOTEL, INC., 
Storer F. Crafts, General Manager. Boston, Mass. 



^^ 




',1: .di; 



*-:-U, 



HOTEL LENOX 

BUFFALO, N.Y. 

HIGHEST GRADE. FIREPROOF. 

Patrons may take Taxi cabs or Carriages from Depots 

or Steamboat landings direct to the Hotel, charging 

same to the Lenox. 

EUROPEAN PLAN 

$1.50 per day and up. 

ATTRACTIVE RESTAURANT PRICES. 

WHEN IN BUFFALO STOP AT THE LENOX. 

THE ACCOMMODATION AND SERVICE ARE SURE TO PLEA SE 



130 



ROD AXD GUN IN CANADA 



CLIMBS AND EXPEDITIONS 

The camp wiji be pitched in a meadow near the 
lower end of the two exquisitely coloured little 
lakes in Onsolation Valley, at an altitude of 
6,400 feet above sea level. 

Consolation Valley is a most perfect type of a 
"hanging valley" perched high above the glacial 
trough of Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the 
Ten Peaks at its northern extremity. Directly 
at its entrance rise the Tower of Babel, furn- 
ishing a pivotal point for the demarcation of 
the two valleys. In front are the sheer precipices 
of Mt. Temple, rising from base to summit, fring- 
ed at sky-line by curving snow cornices. On the 
western side, directly above the camp in fantas- 
tically wreathed towers and minarets are seen 
the outlying bastions of Mt. Babel. Further 
on the glaciers of Mount Fay No. 1 of the Ten 
Peaks) overhang the precipitous walls of the val- 
ley. At its head an elongated spmr from the 
double peaked Mt. Bident provides over Conso- 
lation Pass a route to the little known Boom 
Lake, and a pass across the Great Divide by 
way of the Bident Glacier. At the eastern side 
are lower serrated ridges from whose crests the 
wide sweep of the Bow Valley, the river, the 
railway and the distant snowy crests cl the 
Slate mountains reach in endless panorama. 
Prominent are the castellated heights of Mt. 
Hector (11, 125 ft.) and even the distant towers 
of Mt. Murchison may be seen. 

Numerous expiditions are possible from this 
splendidly situatetl camp — and will be arranged 
for. A few are here quoted. 

(1)— Via Larch Valley, on side of Mt. Temple, 
Sentinel Pass, Horseshoe Glacier, Wastash P^ss' 
Wenkohemna Glacier, Moraine Lake, Camp (One 
day) ^ 

(2)— Consolation Pass, Bident Glacier, Boom 
Lake and Mountain. (One day) 

(3)— Consolation Pass, Bident Glacier, Cross 
Great Divide. Little Icefield, reeross Great Divide 
via Mt. Little. Fay Icefield, Babel Glacier, Moraine 
Lake. (One day) 

(4) Larch Valley, Sentinel Pass. Paradise Val- 
ley, Giant's Stairs. (One day) 

(5)— Larch Valley and Sentinel Pass, or Was- 
taeh Pass, Horseshoe Glacier, Mitre Pass and 
Glacier. Lefroy Glacier, Victoria Glacier, Lake 
Louise, drive hack to camp. (One day) 

(6)^ — Drive from Camp to Lake Louise, return 
by No. 5 route. (One day) 

^ (7) — ^Drive from Camp to Entrance of Pa adise 
Valley, return by Paradise Valley and Sentinel 
or Wastach Passes 

(8)— Drive to trail leading to the Saddle and 
ascend Mt. Fairview. 

Taere are plenty of short trips for those who 
wish less strenuous work, such as; To Moraine 
Lake, VS^enkehemna Glacier, (the only glacier 
known to be advancing in the main range), 
Wenkohemna Lake, pass to Bow Valley and Tay- 
lor Lake, Head of Consolation Valley, Larch 
Valley and the Minnestimna Lakes (Sleeping 
■Vx aterl. 



OFFICIAL CLIMBS 

. The following will b-> accepted as Graduating 
Climbs, viz.; Mt. Fav (10,612), Mt. Bident (10,- 
109), Mt. Temple (11,626), Mt. Little (10,293), 
Peak No. 3 (10,088) 

Close by are the high peaks of the Great Divide, 
Hungabee, Deltaform, Biddle, Victoria, Lefroy. 
They are now seen from an entirely diflFerent 
point of view to that of the camps of previous 
years. 

Still unclimbed in the vicinity is Mt. Babel 
(10,000). 

NON-CLIMBERS 

Minor expeditions will be arranged for those 
who do not desire strenuous work or the time 
may be spent quietly at the camp, enjoying the 
glories of Nature in its primeval wildnese. 
Artists, Photographers, and Nature lovers will 
find themselves in an ench?nted realm wtere 
magic inspires the brush, the camera and the 
pen. 

ORDERS 

Each day's programme will be posted on the 
Camp order board the previous afternoon, and 
entries for expeditions, and climbs will be re- 
ceived immediately thereafter. Implicit obedience 
to Camp regulations and guides' instructions is 
imperative. 

SPECIAL NOTICE 

YOHO VALLEY CAMP. 

A special camp will be in operation in the up- 
per Yoho Valley during the months of July, 
August and September. 

In connection therewith will be found our 
our guide Konrad Kain, a good cook, and com- 
plete facilities for transport between Mt. Stephen 
House at Field, B. C. and the Camp. 

Members wisMng to attend this camp during 
the months named can on reaching Field commun- 
icate with Otto Bros, the Club's oflJcial outfitters, 
and they will be promptly taken to it. 

This additional permanent camp, operated in 
connection with the big Annual Camp is an ex- 
periment. It is hoped our members- will take 
full advantage and make it a success. 

In the above connection it will be well to com- 
municate beforehand with either the PVesident or 
the Secretary-Treasurer, as the accommodation 
will be limited. 

Do not forget, the Yoho Valley, is the Alpine 
spot of British Columbia, and the main range of 
the Rockies. A small party at this camp will 
have the time of their lives. 

All camps and arrangements will this year 
be under the personal direction and supervision 
of the President. 

Address all correspondence with full particu- 
lars for reply to the undersigned. 
t:>. H. Mitchell 

Secretary Treasurer. 
The Club House. 

BanflF, Alberta. 
Canada. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



131 




This most attractive Fob is a I'ecent 
product of our workshops. It is one of 
exceptional vahie. Its mountings are very 
heavy — its ribbon of the finest quality. 
We predict for it an unprecedented sale 
amongst those desiring a neat, plain, good 
Fob for summer wear. We prepay 
postP'qce. 

HENRY BIRKS & SONS 



Limited, 



14 Phillips Square L-^ 



Montreal 




A MARVEL OF SIMPLICITY. 

The BARBER MARINE ENGINE 

The kind you want for your fishing boat. 
Always ready to take you and to bring you 
back. Built in sizes from 3 to 120 h.p.; one 
to six cylinders. Backed by our liberal 
guarantee. You take no chance with a 

BARBER 



Ask any owtter. 

BARBER BROS. 



Our Catalogue for the asking. 

' : SYRACUSE, /V. Y. 



1 


TRADE 


NOTES 

1 


1 



The importance of the motor in the full en- 
joyment and satisfaction of the motor boat is 
acknovvledgeu by all motor boat owners, and the 
experienceu man is extremely careful in this par- 
ticular whenever he makes a new purchase. At- 
tention may therefore be appropriately directed 
at this season to the excellencies of the Wonder 
motor, manufactured by the Wonder Motor Com- 
pany, of Syracuse, X. Y. In their recently issued 
catalofTue will be found particulars, with excellent- 
ly clear illustrations, of their full line of motor 
engines from the 2 h.p., designed for fishing boats 
and so easy to operate that it is said a child can 
run them; to the fine 20 h.p. four cycle and 40 h.p. 
four cylinder. For each size various advantages 
are put forth, the chief for all of them being 
that they are well designed, made of the best 
materials by skilled workmen and fully guaranteed. 
The satisfaction given to numerous users forms 
good foundations for the claims made and a^iy en- 
desirous of purchasing a motor or any owner think- 
ing of renewal, would do well to secure a copy of 
the catalogue and make an investigation of the 
claims put forward. In addition to motors the 
Company also supplies boats of 18 and 21 feet 
length, while they are prepared to build to order all 
sizes and speeds of cruising launches up to 
fifty feet and quote prices. The Wonder station- 
ary gasoline engine which will do the work of 
four men on the farm, and is always ready for 
service, is also made by them, and the Wonder 
lighting outfit, for which there is a wide demand, 
and which enables a man to light up a country 
residence or cottage with all the appearance of a 
luxurious city residence, is an interesting proof of 
the resources of the factory and of the men who 
direct its energies. Altogether the catalogue con- 
tains plenty of material for the motorist who will 
find it an advantageous study. Copies will be 
forwarded to any who will apply direct to the 
company requesting the same and mentioning 
Rod and Gun in Canada. 

Their four cycle engines are from 10 to 30 h.p., 
and 2 cycle from 2 to 60 h.p. Tliey have had their 
2 cycle engines on the market since 1902, and 
guarantee them in every way. They will refund the 
money, or will send a man at any time to help any 
one out. The popularity of this engine has grown 
to such an extent that the Company are working 
the factory night and day. and the output this 
year will be in the neighborhood of $75,000.00 
worth. These are being 9hi]>ped into all parts of 
Canada and have been for the past four or five 
years. The manufacturers are in a position to 
furnish Canadian references. 



With the approach of the Vacation and Camp- 
ing seasons, the eyes of the out-door public are 
naturally turned to articles and equipment which 
will assist their enjoying the great "Out of- 
Doors" to the utmost. Stevens small bore rifles, 
particularly such models as the Favorite No. 17. 
the Crack shot No. 16 and the Mayuard .Junior 
No. 1.5, have for years made a wonderful appeal 
as these are the pioneer small calibre rifles at 
popular prices. The Stevens No. 70 Visible Load- 
ing Model has recently been added to the Stevens 
line and is a unique little firearm of unquestion- 
able merit. It is made in two models: one for .22 
short and the other for .22 long R.F. cartridges. 
Because of its visible loading features the shooter 
can see the cartridge go in the chamber and 
therefore knows to an absolute certainty when it 
is loaded. The Stevens Visible Loading Re- 
peating Model is a splendid camping companion 
and guaranteed to be the most accurate .22 caliber 
repeating rifle made. Shooters both young and 
old should carefully examine Stevens Single Shot 
and Repeating Rifles before starting on their Va- 
cation Trips, as these rifles are the kind that 
always produce the desired results. Fine for tar- 
get and small game. All up-to-date hardware 
and sporting goods dealers carry in stock the 
leading Stevens models and can supply these at 
attractive prices. 



The following attempt to grapple with th« diffi- 
culties of the English language has been made 
by a Russian, and the letter will prove, interest- 
ing to many of our reailers: 

■ Standard Arms Company, 

fWilmington, Delaware, L'. S. A. 

"Dear Sir: — I pray you to send me Your book- 
let on rifles and addressing me to your competence 
in arms, kindly, say me is a Single Shot Target 
Pistol barrel of 9 in., which is often made in 
Europe, enough long for the Cal. 4-4 S. W. Russian, 
for to aim easily and to take correctly the line of 
aim, which is of 8 in. and to have a good bal- 
ance. I believe that one inch less than the standard 
length of 10 in. cannot harm to the accuracy aim. 
Say me categorically your mind on that matter, 
and where or what makers can furnish me a single 
shot Target Pistol System Sharp 's with xaiimg 
block lever action Style Winchester of that caliber 
the only allowed in our matches for fifty yards. 
The leading American facterys make not yet single 



T^OD WD GUN IN CANADA 



133" 



rm 



Coward's Boat & Cushion Factory, Kingston, Ont. 

25 ft. Oruiser with W.O. 6 H.P. Engine, ready 
for water, $450.00 

30 ft. Oruiser with W.O. 8 H.P. Engine, ready 
for water, $600.00 

Family Launches, ready for the water, 

18 ft. $150 20 ft, $175 22 ft. $250 25 ft. $275 




BOAT, CUSHIONS, BRASS WORK, ETC. 



2 HP. 2' HP. 6 H.P. 6 HP. 

Sample 12 in. Steering Wheel $2.00 



Mosquito Glove Mosquito Veil Mosquito Glove 



with whole finders. 



with horsehair window and self-closing 
valve for cigar, tobacco-pipe, etc- 



with half fingers. 



The Mosquito Gloves, made of 
greenish, impregnated cambric, 
are a perfect protection against 
stings. Quite indispensable for 
anglers, hunters, holiday makers, 
botanists, etc. 

One size for ladies and one size 
for gents. Price per pair $1.50. 





The Mosquito Veils, made of 
greenish Brussels cambric, are 
perfectly untearable. The horse- 
hair window enables one to see 
clearly, and the self-closing valve 
with metal frame permits 
smoking, and is an especially great 
advantage. Price $1.00 each. 



Sold by all Sporting goods dealers ; if you cannot 
buy it direct, write to 

Otto T. E. Yeit 

28 Wellington St. West, Toronto, Ont. 




Our Agents Make $50.00 a Week 



.Selling new process water color por- 
trait and gold frame. Costs 90 cents 
complete with glass, sells for $1.98. 
Samples and instructions free. Young man in Ohio made $22.00 in one day. We are the 
largest picture and frame house in the world. One general agent wanted in each county. Give 
us reference and we will extend you thirty days' credit with steady, honorable employment 
at a big income. Our business is established twenty-five years. We are not in the picture 
and frame trust. We want honorable, trustworthy representatives only. You need no 
capital to work for us. We teach you how to make a success. Address at once, 

WILLIAMS ART COMPANY, 



2515 W. Taylor Street, 



CHICAGO, ILL. 



In answerincr state "Saw advertisement in Rod and Gvn in Canada. 



134 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




The Windsor 

The Most Central 
Hotel in Ottawa 



Best Rooms S2 up 

M. F. HART, - Proprietor 




Thousand Island House 

Alexandria Bay, N.Y. 
The Venice of America 

OPENS JUNE 24 

Modern and up-to-date hotel on the banks of the most 
enchanting of rivers, the old St. Lawrence. L,ighted 
by both gas and electricity, sanitary plumbing, private 
baths, large airy rooms. Beautiful grounds illuminated 
at night by Soo incandescent lamps. 

Fishing, Rowing, Bathing, Bowling and Grill some 
of the many attractions of this paradise of America 

For terms and information send 2 cents in stamps for 
booklet to 

O. Q. STAPLES 



TOOO Island House 



Alexandria Bay, N.Y, 



pistols for that cartridge; therefore I must seek, 
and would be you very thankful for that ser- 
vice. 

Trusting to receive full informations on all 
that questions, and to hear soon from you, I shake 
hardly your hand and remain, 

Very truly yours. 



Member of the Shooting Association and 
Member of the Mylor Standiah Rifle Club, 
Solianoy Perioulo, St. Petersburg, Eussia. " 

The Marlin Firearms Co., of New Haven, Conn., 
have just purchased the entire business — machin- 
ery, tools, stock fixtures and goodwill — of the 
Ideal Mfg. Co., of New Haven, Conn., manufac- 
turers of Ideal cartridges reloading implements for 
rifles, pistols and shotguns. 

This transaction was made possible through the 
retirement of John H. Barlow, owner and manager 
of the Ideal Mfg. Co., from active business. Mr. 
Barlow ti'iginated this business 26 years ago; an 
interesting sketch of his career will be found in 
this number of Rod and Gun. 

As the Marlin Firearms Co. have been close- 
ly in touch with Mr. Barlow at all times during 
the progress of this business, and as they will have 
the full mechanical equipment force of skilled 
workmen and with Mr. Joseph A. Derby (who has 
been Mr. Barlow 's assistant manager for the past 
fifteen years) in charge of this branch of the 
work. The Marlin Firearms Co. will certainly pro- 
duce Ideal reloading implements in every way up 
to the Ideal standard of quality and efficiency as 
established by Mr. Barlow. The Ideal Hand Book 
No. 20 is now ready for distribution and will 
be sent to any of our readers who will send three 
postage stamps to The Marlin Firearms Co., New 
Haven, Conn. 



The Shultz Bros. Co., Limited of Brantford, 
whose advertisement of Portable houses and Mot- 
or Boats appears i this issue, are sending out a 
very attractive catalogue giving full details re- 
garding both houses and their motor boats. The 
latter when fully equipped are claimed to 
be the most advanced type on the' market. 
The special features of Automobile steering 
wheel gives a most efficient one man control. The 
steering wheel is placed on the left hand side 
giving perfect control and permitting boat 
to be operated close to another boat when 
each boat is approaching the other. Another 
feature is engine placed forward of bulk- 
head beneath hood and door in bulkhead to make 
engine easily accessible. The Ro^er propeller is 
being installed in the majority of the boats. The 
boats promise to be in great demand, especially 
the 30-footers with 12 and 20 H.P. D. C. engine. 

The necessity for a more convenient distribut- 
ing centre from which Greener guns may be read- 
ily obtained by sportsmen, has induced W. W. 
Greener the well known English Gunmakers, whose 
products have enjoyed so great a reputation a- 
mongst the game and pigeon shooters of the Unit- 
ed States and Canada, to open up a branch at 83 
and 65 Beaver Hall Hill, Montreal. Here dealers 
will have access to a large and varied stock of 



ROD AND GUX IN CANADA 



135 




FOR YOUR 
HOLIDAYS 



AND YOUR 

FISHING 
EXCURSIONS 

Make use of the 

Antiseptic and Anti- 
Mosquito 

" Sportsman's Fly 

Repellent " 

and you ■will be proof 
against the stings of the 
terrible mosquitoes, Black 
Flies and other such insects. 



This new chemical preparation is recommended by the best known sportsmen of Canada and 
the United States. Agreeable odor and is in no way' injurious to the clearest complexion and 
the most sensitive skin. Satisfaction guaranteed or money back. This paste does not de- 
compose or become liquid from the heat of the sun. Our Fly Repellant is the only Fly Paste 
patronized by the Engineers of the Transcontinental Railway. On sale by all leading mer- 
chants of Canada and the United States. Price 25c. Post "free. For wholesale prices apply 
to H. HAINS, General Manager of the Sportsman's Fly Repellent Co., 37 Couillard street, Quebec. 



A Sportsman's Paradise 

Just on the edge of civilization, within a few hours' journey of your home; is a veritable 
paradise for the canoe, rod and gun lover. 

Lake Temiskaming 

borders on a vast virgin wild, covered with a network of lakes and streams simply teeming 
with the gamiest of the finny tribe. The heaviiy wooded shores are favorite haunts of the 
lordly Moose, and Deer are far more numerous here than in any of the much-vaunted deer- 
hunting districts. 

It is a great game country and a delightful spot for a summer vacation. An outing where the 
pure, balsamic atmosphere and cool nights send you uack to business like a new man. 

The Bellevue Hotel 

Charmingly situated, amid trees and shrubbery on the shore of the Lake. Gasoline Launches, 
Boating, i^awn Tennis, Golf, Bowling on the green and alleys, Billards and Dancing in a sep- 
arate Recreation Hall. Ice cold Laurentian water piped from springs in the hills. Hot and 
cold baths on all floors. Electric Light. Sanitary conveniences, Modern in every way. An 
ideal place to spend your summer vacation. 

Pleased to send information and beautiful booklet. 

WRITE 

**Thc Manager, Bcllcvuc Hotel, Temiskaming P.O., 

QUEBEC, Canada." 

Boats leave the HotPl Dork dailT for the famous Cobalt Silver Belt, calline at Haileybury. Liskeard 
aiic intervening points 



136 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



Greener guns and while traders' interests will be 
protected in every way possible the Manager, Mr. 
G. H. Oliver, late Manager of Mr. Greener's Lon- 
don (England) shop, will be j)leased to receive 
enquiries from all interested sportsmen and the 
firm's 44 page illustrated catalogue will be for- 
warded free to any address on application. 



No great experience in the backwoods is needed 
to realise the value of protection against mos- 
quitoes. blaCK flies, etc. Many a holidav would 
be prolonged f.nd many a new trip taken' but for 
the disagreeable insect pests. Those who desire to 
frequent' the woods at a time when but for the 
flies they would be most pleasant, can now defy 
their small but numerous enemies and go in spite 
of them, if they will but provide themselves with 
mosquito veil and gloves. The veil is made of 
greenish Brussels and is practicallv untearable. It 
does not fade, can be used again after getting 
completely wet and is easily ironed. A horsehair 
window enables one to see clearly, and for smokers 
there is a self-closing valve vvith metal frame, 
enabling a pipe, cigar or cigarette to be smoked at 
leisure. The gloves are of greenish impregnated 
cambric and are a perfect protection against stings. 
They are thin and do not interfere with the fine 
touch of the trigger of the gun. Thev are made 
in different sizes for ladies and gentlemen and with 
fingers and haif fingers, the latter being highly 
recommended for anglers, enabling him to bait 
his hook without removing his gloves. They arc- 
sold by all sporting goods dealers and bv Otto T. 
E. Veit, 28 \Ve]]ingtn:i 8t. West. Toronto. 



THE OUTFIT 

CAMPING PARLORS 



Guns Rifles Fishing Tackle 

Old Town Canoes 
Chestnut Canoes 

Basswood Canoes $25 up 



Dew Worms 
Minnows 
Oars Paddles 

Camp Stoves 
Dunnage Bags 



Live Bait 
Frogs 
Row Boats 
Tents 
Blankets 

Pack Sacks 

10x12 TentSfComplete $ 1 0,50 

steel Rods • - $1,35 up 

Send for Catalogue, Free. 

WARREN & ELLIS, 302 TONGE ST. 

TORONtO 



ANTI-CRANKING FEATURE! 

IT'S IMEWn 
ANOTHER LACKA\^/ANNA SIMPLIFICATION 

RESULTS FROM atJEBEC, CANADA. 

Magojr, Que.. Can., Feb. 1, lOCin. 
Lackawanna Mfg. Co.. N'ewburgh. N.Y. 

Gentlemen: — The motor that I bought of you last fall 
gave the very best satisfaction. We are to have a 22 ft. 
with 9 H.P. Lackawanna next season. Count on us to 
show any man "froni Missouri" that the Lackawanna 
wins. Reliable, simiile. < ffieient and always ready to go. 
Yours very truly, 

E. D. SMITH. 

LACKAWANNA VALVELESS— The World's Simplest 
MOTORS. 

THE DOUBLE CYLINDER TYPE. 

The "En-bloc.'" one piece cylinder construction, re- 
sults in increased efficiency, perfect cooling, economy of 
gasoline, freedom from vibration and long life. Our 
motors are guaranteed. 

Built in one, two, three, four and six cylinders, 2 to 
45 H.P. per Motor, either Jump or Make and Break low 
ten.^ion spark for battery or magneto: also electric 
light, pumping, refrigerating and stationary motor 
plants. 

Perhaps it would be well to get our complete "Marine 
.Motor Book," explaining the operation of boat motors 
from Intake to Exhaust. Fully illustrated, also with 
latest practical boat equipment details. 

Sent free to any part of the world. Write for it today. 

Lackawanna Mf^. Co., 60 Coldwcll St, Ncwburgh, N.Y. 




New Yt.ik Branch. ]2G Liberty St. 
Boston Branch. (!."■ Beverly St. 



rhiladelphia Branch. 2011 Market St. 
('hii-ago Branch. 7(! Wabash Ave. 



ROD AXD r.L'X IX CAXADA 



13" 



Back of the 

A. H. Fox Gun 

is the Certificate of 












:^J 



$37.50 



to 

$362.00 

net 



Back of the certiricate ^; 

-a test so severe ^^^* 

that ncne but the best possi'ble gun could 
withstand. This test — the firing of enor- 
mous overcharges "from each barrel — is 
identical with the test used by the Euro- 
pean Government Proof Houses. The 
Certificate is attached to everv 

A. H. FOX GUN 

"The finest gun in the world," 

as our unqualified guarantee that it has 

been tested before leaving the factory. The Certificate is new, but 

the test is not — for every A. H. Fox Gun ever made has been tested 

in the manner described. (^^)means absolute protection against 
defects in the material or construction of the Fox Gun barrels. 

The barrels of the A. H. Fox Gun are genuine (Imported) 
Krupp Fluid Steel. The coil main and coil top lever springs are 
unbreakable — they last a lifetime. The Fox rotary bolt takes up all wear, and for- 
ever prevents the gun shooting loose. The parts of the Fox Gun are but one-half in 
number and are double the strength of any other gun. 

Because the value of the Fox Gun is as standard as the value of a gold coin, there 
is but one price for each grade— S3 r.50 to $362.00 net. The Fox price-standard tag 
is attached to every Fox Gun. 

If your dealer does not 'handle the A. H. Fox Gun. send your order to us, and give 
your dealer's name. Write today for the most elaborate Gun Catalogue ever issued. 
It's free, of course. 

A. H. FOX GUN CO. 

4664 N. 18th Street - - Philadelphia, U.S.A. 



THE TRAP 

Rod and Gun and Motor Sport* in Canada U the Official Organ of the 
Dominion of Canada Trap-Shootins Association. All communication* 
should be addressed to W. A. Smith. Editor "The Trap" KingrsTille, Ont. 



TOURNAMENT DATES 

June 9 and 10 — Chatham Gun Club, Chatham, 
Ont. Walter Elliott. Secietary. 

July 5 and 6 — Alberta Provincial Tournament at 
Calgary, H. C. Andrew. Calgary, Secretary. 

July 19th — Rest on, Man. Res'ton Gun Club. F. 
Manning, Secretary. $100 added money. 

July 26. 27, and 28 —Pacific Indians at Nelson. 
B. C.'W. A. Ward, Nelson B. C, Secretary. 



shooters not only at the clay targets but a:- 
live birds. If some enterprising shooting Associa- 
tion would be good enough to get up an interna- 
tional clay bird and target tournament it would 
be not only very interesting and attractive but 
settle most conclusively "who's who" in the shoot- 
ing world. 



WESTERN ONTARIO TRAPSHOOTERS' 
LEAGUE. 



STRAY PELLETS. 

An interesting experiment in stringing of shot 
was tried the other day in England. A six- 
cylinder car with a big iron target attached to its 
side running at sixty miles an hour was shot at 
from a distance of thirtv to forty yards. The 
whole charge was centred in a 30 inch circle on 
the target and exhibited no perceptible stringing of 
ehot. The car was going faster than an ordinary 
game bird. Can it be that our theories are out 
of joint in this respect? Per contra, the experi- 
ments of Mr. R. W. S. Griffiths, English Schultze 
Go's ^xpert demonstrated that there was a very 
marked stringing of shot, the stringing being 
greater with a cylinder than with a choke bored 
gun. Mr. Griffith used a rotating metal disc. 
10 ft in diameter covered with a fixed plate having 
a ,30" opening. His experiments showed the arrival 
of the tirst to last pellets by the elongated pat- 
tern made. 

« » ♦ 

Ts'nt it a peculiar thing that a man will go 
out and miss about every other target or bird he 
shoots at then suddenly finds himself and go along 
at a record breaking pace indefinitely? If it were 
not for these "bad spasms" what marvellous scores 
most of us would pile up. But it is the absence 
of these "bad spasms" that distinguishes the great 
shooter from the near great. 
* • • 

A good deal of correspondence is being indulge** 
in in Shooting Times and British Sportsman in 
criticism of the quality of the live pigeons shot 
at in America, which can properly include Canada 
in this instance. The fact that such surprisingly 
big scores as 207 out of 208 have been made in 
the U. S. is evidence in the minds of these writers 
that the quality of the birds here is very inferior 
to the English birds. This, we think, is undoubted- 
ly the case but there is another element to be 
considered and that is the possible superiority of 
the American pigeon shooter. Our Canadian Olvm- 
pic team not so very long ago demonstrated their 
equality with the best of the Old Countrv trap 



Schedule of Events. 

June 1. — Woodstock at Brantford. 
•' 2.— Ingersoll at Stratford. 
" 22.— Woodstock at Stratford. 
" 23.— Brantford at Ingersoll. 
6.— Brantford at Stratford. 
7. — Ingersoll at Woodstock. 
20. — 8tratford at Woodstock. 
21. — ^IngersoU at Brantford. 
3. — btratford at Brantford. 
4. — 'Woodstock at Ingersoll. 
18. — Stratford at Ingersoll. 
18. — Brantford at Woodstock. 



July 



Aug. 



SASKATCHEWAN GUN CLUB. 

The Gun Club Shoot at Regina, on Saturday, 
April 23rd, resulted in the following scores: 

25 Targets 

Van Valkenburg 20 

Sharon '. 19 

Wilkinson 17 

Bell : . . . 16 

Kress 15 

.Jones 13 

Mulligan 12 

Brownlee 10 

Lament -t 10 

Ingersoll (Doc) 

For information of those interested in Trap 
Shooting a bus leaves the Wascana Hotel, Satur 
days, at 2 o'clocK. Fare 25c. round trip. Gun 
Club Membership and Game Protective Member- 
ship, combined. $3.00 per annum. Targets ^barged 
at two cents each. 



"Next day I took the Fox gun, which had al- 
rea/dy on ducks, guinea-fowl and francolin, shown 
itself an exceptionally hard-hitting and close- 
shooting weapon, and collected various water birds 
for the naturalists: among others, a couple of 
Egyptian geese." — Extract from article written by 
Fx-President Roosevelt in Mav Scribner's. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



139 



WrNCHESTER 

11 CALIBER AUTOMATIC RIFLE 1 



THE TEN-SHOT REPEATER 



THAT RELOADS 
ITSELF 




For camping, canoeing, auto- 

mobiling, or any outing, this novel 

little repeater affords more pleasure 

than any other gun. Being reloaded by 

recoil, it is only necessary to pull the trigger 

for each shot. It shoots clean and inexpensive 

cartridges, is easy to load and light to carry. 

MAKES AN OUTING OUTFIT COMPLETE 

Winchester Guns and Winchester Ammunition— the Red W 
Brand— are Made for Each Other and Sold Everywhere. 



GUNS, RIFLES, 

Revolvers, Automatic Pistols, All Standard Goods, All New Stock, 
at lower prices than at any other dealers. 

About sixty varieties of Winchester, Savage, Remington and other rifles always in stock. 

Lef ever double hammerless Shotguns $28.50 

Fox " " " 38.50 

These are two of the most durable and most .satisfactory guns sold. 

.303 Savage latest High Power Repeating Rifles 19.90 

Reliable Steel Fishing Rods, 7, 8 or 9 feet long, in 3 pieces, in fitted bag 1.25 

Best Quality Steel Fishing Rods, nicely balanced, 7, 81/2 or 10 feet long, in 4 pieces, with 

Cork handles, in fitted bag 1.65 

We strongly recommend these. 

Steel Fishing Rods, Special Pike and Bass Rods, almost unbreakable, 4 pieces, cork grip, 

in fitted bag, equal to any rod at $7.50, for 2.50 

Very best quality POCKET FLASHLIGHTS, complete, ready for use- 
Regular $1.25 for 75c, by mail 85c. Regular $1.50 for $1.10, by mail $1.25 
Regular $2.00 for $1.19, by mail $1.38 
We are the largest retailers of Rifles in Toronto. 

Lyon Mfg. & Sporting Goods Co. 

423 Yonge Street, Just above McGill St., Toronto, Ont. 

No CataloKuei. 



140 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



RIDGETOWN TOURNAMENT. 

One of llu' bi'st touniaiiK'iits in llic liistory of 
the local gun (>lub was hold at Rid[,'c'tov.-n on 
May 6th. The weather was delightful and the new 
Bowron trap worked perfectly throwing a nice, 
even target. There was a gO'0<l attendance both 
of shooters and spectators and the interest in 
the various events was kept up from start to fin- 
ish. Ohas. II. Eastlake. the genial secretary or 
the Club, was in charge of the ofTice and, assisted 
by his son. Max, discharged his important duties 
to the satistaction of everyone. While, of course. 
a great many had their "bad spasms," the shoot- 
ing generally was of a high order. A couple of old 
timers, Ha/ry Scane and I). McMaekon. did some 
remarkable Work. Harry won the high average 
with the splendid score of 189. running off three 
19's and three 20's in succession. But D MclMackon 
broke the recori. He missed 11 out of his first 60 
just to show everybody how easy it was to mis-; 



D. McMaekon 200 186 

R. A. Scott 200 163 

E. Keohler 140 113 

S. Coll 200 172 




Georgo Laing Working his Passage Between Events. 

them and then ran 75 straight and finished wit.i 
but three misses out of his last 140. In six succes- 
sive events he missed but one target. He won se- 
cond average with 186. Fred Kerr, who always 
gives a good account of himself, was ne.\t with 182. 

Geo. M. Dunk of the Dominion Cartridge Co., and 
Court Thomson of the U. M. C. Co. were the 
professionals present in the interest of their res- 
pective companies. 

The scores: 
*Geo. Dunk 200 179 

E. Pastorious 200 l79 

R. Day 200 179 

F. Kerr 200 182 

D. Wiffle 160 127 



Sj^ 


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^HmrjP- -i'' 


pMIPS^ 




Ihb 


i ' (" JSH 


'l^Sm 


^^^|hs 


PI 




p^^ 


!.j; 


- 



A Tense Moment: Two Strikes and the Bases Full. 

T. Pastorious 200 168 

I. Pastorious ' . . 80 57 

H. Taylor 200 164 

.J. Conway 80 58 

C. Scane ' 200 155 

W. Thorold 200 146 

H. Scane 200 189 

F. Dalson : 200 174 

W. A. Smith =. 140 118 

C. Pigeon 140 112 

W. H. Xichois 180 124 

Ceo. Laing 200 146 

M. Sampson 160 104 

H. O'Loane 200 179 

B. Pigeon 140 117 

"C Thomson 200 161 

Frank Galbriath 140 116 

F. Miles 100 70 

-Tas. Scane 40 27 

Fred Galbraith 140 124 

*Professiona]^-. 




1. E. McMaekon, Highgate. 

2. r. Kerr, Crediton. 

3. R. E. Day, London. The latter is in the attitude he 
generally assumes when getting ready for a straight score. 



A Few Non-Negotiable Notes. 
Tom Pastorious sat up the night before with a 
sick friend and had that tired feeling at intervals. 







^ 






^ 


^ 


^ 


■s' 


t 


}c 


C-- 


^i 


■t^ 







THE DIFFERENT SQUADS AT THE RIDGETOWN TOURNAMENT. 




GROUP OF SHOOTERS AT THE EIDGETOWN TOURNAMENT. 

(1) W. H. Nichol. (2) H. Taylor, (3) J. Conway, (4) F. Kerr. (5) J. F. Mills, (6) Dore Wigle, (7) R. A. Scott, 
(8) S. Coll, (9) G. M. Dunk, (10) R. E. Day, (11) E. Koehler. (12) E. Pastorius, (13) H. Scane. (14) B. Pigeon, 
(15) P. Dolson, (16) C Pigeon, (17) H. O'Loane, (18) D. McMackon, (19) C. Thomson, (20) W. Thorold, (21) Ira 
Pastorius, (22) W. A. Smith, (23) Thomas Pastorius, (24) Frank Galbraith, (25) F. Pigeon. 

Fred Galbraith dropped around in the afternoon It will be noticed that Dave McMackon did his 

and ran ofif 20 straight as a starter. He is growing good work after dinner. Evidently he was helped 
a new moustache and could not get there sooner. to the right dope. 



Buckshot Hall gave the shoot absent treatment. E. Pastorious, Harrow, demonstrated that he 




Three (Dis) graces: Fred Galbraith, G. M. Dunk and W. Thorold. Tom Pastorius asleep at the switch at the 

extreme left. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



143 



ONE INCH 

OF THE 

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MADE 

Regal and Imperial Ballistite Shells are a per- 
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144 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



is in the front rank as a trap shooter. He kept 
step with i^'ominion Dunk and any one doing that 
has to go somo. 

Court Thomson did some good stunts and some 
not so good but his genial smile was a winner 
all the time. 



"Little Sure Shot" not only won high average 
here but at Blenheim also, the day before. He is 
said to eat shredded wheat biscuits for breakfast 
which probably accounts for his groat force and 
penetration when it comes to the shooting game. 



Roland Day was the sole but worthy represent- 
ative of New "Lunnon." 



Billy Nichol took the opportunity to adver- 
tise the shoot of the baby gun club at Chatham. 



sihly be improved upon. There was a good, re- 
presentative attendance from the best shooting 
centres in Western Ontario, and in addition G. 
M. Dunk, Court Thomson, and W. "Choke Bore" 
Nichols, graced the shoot with their presence. 
Nichols is the man who puts up Nichols high- 
grade ammunition, his goods winning first, sec- 
ond and third high average at Blenheim and first, 
second, third and fourth high average at Ridge- 
town. Billy, get busy and use a little printer's 
ink in "Rod and Gun." The people are looking 
for your goods and let them know where to get 
them. Remember the Chatham shoot on June 
9th and 10th and arrange to come. A welcome 
awaits you ! 

THE GAME AT OTTAWA. 

Trap-shooting is now one of the recognized 
sports of the summer season in Ottawa. In the 




Albert McRitchie at the Throttle. 



He had the satisfaction also of seeing his "favorite 
prescription" win the average money and a lot of 
good coin besides. 



The money Avas divided on the class system, 
25, 25, 25, and 25 per cent. This seems to be the 
most satisfactory division under this system which 
of course, is a speculation as to results in any 
case. Everybody shot from 16 yds, and had a 
chance to make a score if it was in him. 



"Greener" writes: — I had the pleasure of at- 
tending the Ridgetown Tournament and can as- 
sure j'our readers that any shooter failing to at- 
tend missed a treat. The proceedings were un- 
der the management of Mr. C. H. Eastlako and 
every one present agreed that they could not pos- 



St. Hubert's Gun Club, the Capital has one of the 
best known trap shooting organizations in the 
country. There is a very large membership and 
the club has traps and quarters at Westboro. In- 
ter-city meets are held wnth Montreal and last 
year the Dominion shoot was pulled off at the 
Rockliffe rifle ranges, competitors being on hand 
from all over Canada, and competed with the lead- 
ing experts of the United States. This year the 
trap shooters were the first of the summer sports- 
men to turn out. 



CHATHAM ORGANIZES NEW GUN CLUB. 

Chatham has organized a new gun club which 
starts life under very happy auspices. The old 
Maple City Gun Club had a very successful career 
for several seasons but went out of business 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



145 




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146 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



some years ago much to the regret of many out- 
side trap shooters who took much pleasure in visit- 
ing the Chatham boys at their annual celebration. 
A trap shooter dies hard and we are glad to see 
among the otficers of the new club many of the 
old guard who helped win the battles for the 
home club some years ago. An encouraging feat- 
ure of the present organization is that many of 
the most prominent business and professional men 
of the city are taking an interest in this, to them, 
new shooting game. 

The club has leased beautiful grounds from the 
West Kent .-igricultural Society and has installed 
an ideal Leggett trap. It starts with a member- 
ship of over hity and will shoot every Friday. 
It will hold a two days' tournament on June 9th 
and 10th, and is looking for a good representation 
of Ontario shooters. 

The officers of the new club are: Hon. Pres., 
W. B. Wells; Hon. Vice-Pres., M. Huston; Pres., 
W. S. Richards; Vice-Pres., Dr. I. L. Nicholls; 
Sec'y-Treas., W. D. Elliott; Executive Commit- 
tee, J. J. Moore, W. H. Nicholl, W. W. Scane, J. 
G. Kerr, J. W. Aitken, W. Paulucci, W. S. Rich- 
ards, W. O. Elliott. 

Blue rock day at the Chatham Gun Club grounds 
was April twenty-second, and it proved a delight- 
ful afternoon. 

Scores:— 

Event No. 1—10 Birds. 

W. B. Wells 5 

W. S. Richards 7 

Fred Dolson 6 

Walt. Elliott 3 

Ed. Massey 4 

Event No. 2—10 Birds. 

Geo. Crow .6 

W. Nichol 3 

E. Drake 1 

H. Fitzsimmons 3 

E. Brisco 3 

Event No. 3—10 Birds. 

"Walter Elliott 9 

Ed. Massey 4 

W. S. Richards 6 

Fred Dolson 10 

W. B. Wells 4 

Event No. 4—10 Birds. 

Geo. Crow 4 

W. Nichol 6 

H. G. Hodges 3 

T. Guttridge 5 

E. Brisco 4 

Event No. 5—10 Birds. 

M. Huston 3 

G. Bennett 5 

T. Scullard 5 

Neil Smith 4 

E. Drake 3 

Event No. 6—10 Birds. 

F. Dolson 7 

W. B. V»'"ells 3 

^G. Crow T 



E. Massey 5 

W. S. Richards - 

Event No. 7—10 Birds. 

W Nichol y 

Walt Elliott 4 

T, Guttridge 5 

H. G. Hodges 3 

Jack Aitken 9 

Event No. 8—10 Birds. 

T. Scullard 6 

E. Brisco 3 

G. Bennett 4 

G. Crow 6 

F. Dolson 6 

Eveni No. 9—10 Birds. 

H. Fitzsimmons 4 

Neil Smith 5 

H. DraKe 6 

W. B. Wells 4 

T. Guttridge 7 

Event No. 10—10 Birds. 

Jack Aitken 9 

W. Nichol 8 

Mr. Lamond 3 

W. S. Richards 5 

F. Dolson 5 

G. Crow 6 

Event No. 11—10 Birds. 

J. Kerr 4 

O. L. Jbewis 4 

Neil Smith 6 

T. Guttridge 7 

W. B. Wells 3 

Event No. 12—10 Birds. 

W. S. Richards 9 

Walt Elliott 6 

W. Nichol 7 

Jack Aitken 10 

H. Drake 3 

Event No. 13—10 Birds. 

O.L.Lewis .'. 6 

J. Kerr 7 

Neil Smith 6 

T. Guttridge 7 

Mr. Lamond 2 

Event No. 14—10 Birds. 

Jack Aitken 6 

W. Nichol 9 

W. Elliott 8 

Neil Smith 4 

0. L. Lewis 5 

Event No. 15—10 Birds. 

J. G. Kerr 3 

Neil Smith 4 

W. Bennett 3 

H.G.Hodges ..6 

H. Drake 5 

O. L. Lewis 6 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



iA- 



,\NG Fa 






147 



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ITHACA GUN CO., BOX 13, ITHACA, N.Y. 



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SOME RECENT WINNINGS WITH 

THE "OLD RELIABLE PARKER GUN" 

At the Pennsylvania State Shoot, May 16-19, Lester German, shooting 
the PARKER GUN, won High Professional Average, — ^534 x 555, shooting 
at singles and doubles. 

At the Illinois State Shoot, the Professional Championship was won by 
Bill Crosby, as was also the High Professional xA.verage for -the three days' 
shooting. 

The Consolation event was won by Tom Graham, breaking 50 straight. 
Do as the Champions do ! Shoot the "OLD RELIABLE" 
PARKER GUN, and win ! 
Send for catalogue. 

N.Y. s%ie«ro,n>». 32 w«rr«» St PARKER BROS-. MeHden, Cono. 



148 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Event No. 16—10 Birds. 

W. Nicliol (i 

Jack Aitken ' ti 

T. ScuUard 4 

O. L. Lewis ' 5 

Neil Smith 5 

H. G. Hodges 3 

Walt Elliott 3 

At the weekly shoot on May sixth a large 
<Towd was prc>ent. The following are the scores 
and shooters: 

Event No. 2—10 Birds. 

H. G. Hodges 7 

W. B. Wells 6 

B. Oldershaw 3 

Percy Hodge- 5 

Mr. 'Ballard '. 4 

Event No. 3—10 Birds. 

H. G. Hodges . 5 

Ed. Massey 6 

W. B. Wells 4 

Mr. Ballard 9 

Fred Trudeil 2 

Event No. 4—10 Birds. 

Tim Fremhn 8 

Jack Moore 9 

Gordon Bennet t (i 

Walt Elliott 5 

Chum Aitken • ? 

Event No. 5—10 Birds. 

Percy Hodges 3 

R. A. Arnold '.) 

J. A. Aitken v) 

Geo. A. Grav 5 

T. Sciillani 7 

Event No. 6—10 Birds. 

H. (;. Hodges 3 

Ed. Ma^soy 4 

N. Hallard 8 

W. B. Wells 4 

Ale.x. Clark 6 

P>ent No. 7—20 BirJs. 

J. A. Aitken 17 

Walt Elliott , 17 

J. W. Aitken 12 

Jack Moore 15 

Ed. Massey 8 

Event No. 8—10 Birds. 

B. A. Oldcrshaw ... 6 

H. G. Richards 4 

Fred Tnulell 3 

T. Scullarcl ... 9 

Percy Hodges 5 

Event No. 9—10 Birds. 

G. Bennett 4 

W. B. Wells 3 

George Gray 2 

Alex. Clark 2 

Tim Fremlin 3 



Event No. 10—10 Birds. 

H. I.. Hodges 3 

N. Ballard 4 

R. A. Arnold 7 

Jack Moore 8 

Alex. Clark 5 

Event No. 11—10 Birds. 

Henry Richards 3 

B. A. Oldershaw 6 

Fred Triuiell 8 

Ed. Massey 4 

Geo. A. liray 3 

Event No. 12—15 Birds. 

J. A. Aitken 12 

Walt Elliott 12 

J. W. Aitken 10 

W^ B. Wells li 

T. Scullard 12 

Event No. 13—10 Birds 

N. Ballard \ 9 

Tim Fremlin 6 

Henry Richards 4 

H. G. Hodges 5 

Geo. A. Gray 2 

Event No. 14—10 Birds. 

H. G. Hodges 6 

Alex. Clark 4 

G. Bennett , 4 

AV. B. Wells 5 

Fred Trudeil 2 

Event No. 15—20 Birds. 

J. Aitken 10 

Tim Fremlin 14 

N. Ballard 12 

R. A. Arnold 13 

Walt Elliott 17 

Event No. 16—10 Birds. 

Henry Richards 4 

H. G^ Hodges 4 

Alex. Clark 7 

Walt Elliott '. . . 9 



A SHOOT AT BLENHEIM. 

The Blenheim Gun Club shoot on May seventh 
was a great success, both financially and artistic- 
ally and some very fine work was pulled off by 
the local and visiting marksmen. Harry Scane, 
of Ridgetown, had the honor of winning first mon- 
ey, with F. Kerr, of Crediton, a close second and 
H. O'Loane. of the Chatham Gun Club, third. 
Messrs. Bill Hall and Norman McLeod are to be 
congratulated upon the manner tnat everything 
was conducted. The following is the complete 
score and names of participants: 

lEntries. No. Birds. Killed. 

G. M. Dunk 175 140 

M. Hollingshead 175 140 

Harry Scane 175 156 

F. Kerr 175 152 

D. McMackon 175 144 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



149 




Tllarlm 



New Model 
25 



Repeating Rifle 

The gun to take camp- 
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It handles all 

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rifle in the reduced cost of ammunition. It conforms to the high quality 
standard of all 2/lcw/i/i repeaters, yet sells at a surprisingly low price. 

The solid top and side ejection are always a protection, keep shells, powder and 

gases from your face, allow instant repeat shots. Quick take-down construction 

— easily cleaned — takes little space and brings greatest pleasure at small expense. 

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The Sign of the Championship 
Winner 

All W. W. Greener pigeon guns bear this mark,"a Blue 
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Greener guns have won the Grand Prix du Casino — 
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CHAMPIONSHIP OF CAMADA 

Won by George Robins, killing 25 birds straight. 

See that your next gun bears the championship mark and you can't help but become a winne. 
GREENER GUNS CAN BE OBTAINED THROUGH ALL DEALERS. 
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VV. VV. VJr^l_l_l^l_r^ Head OHicc —Birmingham, England. 




150 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



F. Stotts 150 

J. Pastorius 175 

D. Wigle 175 

E. Pastorius 175 

Ira Pastorius 175 

George Bowden 176 

George J. Crow 150 

R. Scott 173 

C. Witherald 125 

Harry O'Loane 175 

Fred A. Dolson 175 

Chas. Scane 175 

Sim Burke 175 

H. L. Taylor . 175 

C. Thomson 175 

F. Galbraith 160 

James Witherald 150 

T. E. Taylor 150 

M. Sampson 175 

Percy Slater 75 

A, McRitchie 60 

Sam Burke 115 

Roy Reynolds 75 

Hiram Burke 115 

Marshall Burke *5 

George Laing 100 

O. Gill 1^ 

F. Miles 30 

Art Cox 70 

Mr. Jones 1'^ 

W. S. Richards 40 

W. H. Nichol 55 

F. Davy 15 

E. Fremlin 25 

Herb Loudon ^^ 



108 
133 
147 
150 
126 
138 
10(1 
132 
95 
151 
Wl 
126 
129 
140 
142 
124 
103 

Hi 

113 

it 

45 
74 
50 
Gl 
34 
55 

6 
17 
48 

7 
23 
42 
10 
12 
11 



THE BALMY BEACHERS ENTERTAINED AT 
HAMILTON 

The members of the Balmy Beach Gun Club, of 
Toronto, were guests of the Hamilton Gun Club on 
May fourteenth and a very excellent afternoon's 
sport at the elusive clay birds was enjoyed. A 
special car conveyed the members to and from 
the grounds, and everybody had a bumper time. 
A special twenty-five bird event was the mam 
feature for the visitors, and Mason landed the 
silver spoon with a score of 24. Booth and Lyonde 
were next with 22 each. The latter was in great 
form on his total, getting 50 out of 55. For the 
locals Beattie missed one out of 55, and Vice- 
President Cline got 56 out of 60. W. Wark and 
M. Fletcher also had good scores to their credit. 
Captain Spencer was referee, and kept things in 
order. President Horning, J. Hunter, Dr. Wilson, 
and W. P. and C. G. Thomson looked after fhe 
program and the entertainment of the visitors. 
Speeches were made by members of both clubs at 
the finish, and the three cheers for the B. B. G. C. 
were well meant, as the members are a fine lot 
of fellows, and their visit will be remembered. 

The scores:— _. 

Shot at. Hit. 

Mason 45 42 

J. G. Shaiw 55 3/ 

Draper 55 ^ 



Lyonde 55 50 

Mc Duff 85 68 

Booth 55 47 

Davis 55 41 

J. A. Shaw 45 31 

J. Ross 90 75 

Cutler 35 23 

McMuIlen 85 68 

Smith 65 47 

Trimble 70 63 

Murphy 70 45 

H. Barnard 55 35 

J. McCree 00 22 

T. W. Barnes 120 103 

W. Wark 46 41 

M. Fletcher 55 49 

G. Beattie ' 55 54 

J. Bourne 65 45 

D. Reid 85 62 

J. Reid 75 58 

N. Long 60 43 

J. Gompf 30 18 

E. Sturt 35 25 

E.A.Clifford 45 28 

C. Graham 35 23 

H. Spratt 20 10 

W. P. Thomson 55 46 

Dr. Wilson 70 56 

M. Raspberry 45 37 

D. Konkle ." 45 37 

D. Fletcher 45 28 

R. Rich 45 31 

C. Thomson 70 58 

J. Hunter 45 36 

Dr. Johnson 35 24 

G . Dellinger 55 29 

P. Friend 20 16 

H. Marsh 55 44 

H. A. Horning 45 33 

G. Kuntz 35 26 

F. Oliver 45 29 " 

J. J. Cline 60 58 

Notes. 

Our old friend, Pop Mason, carried off the silver- 
ware. 24x25, using U.M.C. 

Forty-nine shooters faced the traps. 

The restaurant worked overtime. 

George Beattie got the only 25 straight, using- 
U. M. C. 

Forty-five shooters used U. M. C. steel lined 
shell?. ' 

W. P. Thomson was back in the game and made 
thinga lively. 

The Hamilton boys gave the visitors a supper 
at the Commercial Club after the shoot. 

Remington Pumps were very much in evidence.. 



INTERESTING CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH. 

The return match between G. Beattie and T. 
W. Barnes, the two man championship team of 
Canada, and B. W. Glover and R. Day. of the 
London Gun Club was shot off at the Ha:..ilton 
Gun Club Grounds on Saturday afternoon, April 
30th. The scores of the previous match held 
in London two weeks before gave the London 
team an advantage of five points as the total 
scores were to count. It wa« one of the most. 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



151 



IvER Johnson 

SAFETY AUTOMATIC REVOLVER 



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The " Western " Walnut Grip 

A perfect grip at last — famous marksmen 
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Sportsmen who know and appreciate accurate shoot- 
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What I Did 
WITH A GUN 



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Firearms Manufacturers 

WORCESTER, MASS. 



152 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



exciting contests ever pulJed off at the club as 
the outcome was iu doubt until the finish. At 
fifty birds the Hamilton team were two points 
ahead and unisJied out the hundred with three 
points to the good or eight points on the day. 
Beattie and Barnes shot very consistently and 
the former was higih. Glover had a little hard 
luck and Day put up a great linish, only missing 
ojie bird in the last fifty. He was right in form 
and in a fifteen bird special event he went straight 
also. J. Hunter, Dr. Wilson and Court Thomson 
also had good scores to their credit in the other 
events. J. E. Cantelon, of Clinton, was an inter- 
ested spectator. N. Long's Canada Blackbirds 
w^re given their first public test and they gave 
good satisfaction. The scores were: — 
iSpecial match 200 bird race — 



Beattie 
Barnes 



Glover 
Day 



20 
22 



20 
22 



23 24 

22 21 



London Score 



22 19 

18 24 



London Score 



Total Scores— Shot at 

B. Glover 140 

Geo. Beattie 140 

R. Day 140 

T. W.' Barnes 1 50 

Dr. Wilson 85 

C. Thomson 80 

J. Cantelon 70 

F. Oliver 70 

W. Wark 60 

J. Hunter 75 

M. E. Fletcher 35 

S. Marsh , 60 

N. Long 70 

E. Clifford 45 

J. Bourne 45 

H. Spratt 20 

J. Smith 25 




336 

Hit 

115 

127 

124 

133 

75' 

70 

51 

41 

49 

68 

25 

38 

56 

30 

33 

13 

16 



NOTES. 

The winners, Beattie and Barnes, used U. M. C. 
steel lined shells. 

Roily Day, who only missed one in his last fifty, 
used the same make of shells. 

Dr. Wilson was present and made his usual 
90 per cent. 

J. E. Cantelon, H. Spratt and J. Smith were 
guests of the club. 



TOURNAMENT AT PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE. 

The annual May day tournament of the Portage 
Gun Club, which was "held on May nineteenth, was 
pursued by bad weather, but in spite of this the 
shoot must be classed as a most successful one. 



Considering the day and the weather good scorese 
were made in many of the events. 

The premier honors of the tournament, the 
Western Manitoba Championship, was won by P. 
J. Harwood, of Portage, won made 4S out of 50. 
In the first squad Percy made 23 out of 'Z5, anu 
the next time he went straight witli a possible 
of 25. MoBain, of Reston, was second witn a 
score of 40, and Miller, of Viraen, last year's 
champion, was tied for third place with Roxburgh, 
who had 39. 

The team shoot honors were won by the Win- 
nipeg experts, w'ho secured first and second. Glad- 
stone was third and Reston fourth. 

The complete scores of the shoot were as fol- 
lows: 

Birds— 15 20 20 50 25 26 25 20 20 
Houghton, Winnipeg . .10 13 18 20 20 24 18 18 
S. M. Conrad, " 13 16 18 21 21 19 19 18 

S. Macdonald, Portage 11 11 16 32 23 19 18 17 14 
Brodie, Winnipeg ..11 14 18 21 22 24 
Thomson, " 14 18 16 22 18 21 19 18 

Dr. Cadham, " 14 19 13 23 23 18 

Dr. Cowdrick, " 12 17 11 21 19 20 

J. Cadham, " 8 16 17 21 20 19 

Cantwell, " 10 15 12 

Gates, " 9 15 15 



White, Ottawa 14 19 17 

McKay, Winnipeg .11 17 19 

Simpson. " 14 18 20 

Sutton, " 13 19 18 

Turvey, " 5 14 13 



1/ 
20 
21 
23 

9-7 



21 

13 
20 
22 
20 



21 21 23 
14 13 



E. A. MoBain, Reston. .10 17 15 40 17 16 19 15 19 

Manning, " 11 16 14 17 16 19 

Campbell, " 9 15 16 18 19 22 17 15 

Miller, Virden 11 12 16 39 20 21 24 

Varcoe, Brandon .... 10 814 13 18 18 19 

Singleton, Gladstone ..10 16 16 15 17 21 15 

Dr. James, " 13 10 13 31 15 16 16 

Cameron, " 12 10 

Perry, Portage 7 9 16 

Bovd, Gladstone ..14 17 14 39 15 21 21 

Treek. " 11 14 14 11 21 

Wye, Winnipeg ..14 18 17 24 24 23 

Walker, " 6 11 13 

R. Sexsmith, Portage 10 10 9 



13 



J. ,S. Richards, 

F, Bailey, 

W. Roxburgh, 

P. J, Harwood, 

-T. McKay, 

P. B. Hazleton, 

Watson, 

Sturgess, 

Sparling. 

Campbell, 



16 
13 12 

6 13 8 7 7 3 

13 19 16 36 21 19 14 

7 17 17 39 19 13 7 11 14 

14 15 14 48 20 21 22 18 16 
7 10 10 15 15 

9 18 18 15 18 20 19 13 
12 

19 20 
14 18 

20 15 



STRATFORD TOURNAMENT 

The fourth annual tournament of the Pastime 
Gun Club was held at Stratford on May 24th, It 
was well attended, and proved a decided success in 
every way. Shooters were present from Toronto, 
London, Ingersoll, Clinton, Goderich, Otterville and 
other places. 

The weather was fine and the wind, although 
strong from the west, did not interfere to any 
great extent with t"he sliooting. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



153 



LYMAN PATENT RECEIVER SIGHT 

^^ FOR =^-^=^=.= 

WINCHESTER AUTOMATIC RIFLE 

Model 1903 




No. 45 



Price $3.50 
With Cup Disc $3.75 



Aperture is fitted with peep, and is also threaded 
for Disc. 

The graduated scale on slide and method of elevat- 
ing permit very close adjustment. Send for catalogue. 

THE LYMAN GUN SIGHT CORPORATION 

Middlefield, Ct., U. S. A. 



Empire (bulk) 



— and — 



Ballistite (dense) 

Leadeii in the Best Class o( Smokeless Powders 



BALLISTITE— sold only in Dominion 
Cartridge Go's loaded shells (Imperial 
and Regal.) 

EMPIRE— sold in bulk. If your dealers 
do not keep it, write us direct. 

Both the above well Known brands man- 
ufactured by the Nobel's Explosive 
Co., "Glasgow," Scotland, have been 
in the lead at numerous tournaments 
held throughout Canada ; give them 
a trial and be convinced. 

Agents in Canada : 

Hamilton Powder Co., 



Montreal, P. Q. 



Torento, Ont. 
Victoria, B.C, 



Winnipeg, Man. 



Good Shooting 



Often depends upon the brand of shot 
that is used. Sportsmen of experience 
specify 

M. R. M. BRAND SHOT 

knowing they can rely upon its being 
Uniform Round and True to Size 

Our trade-mark on each bag of shot. 



'-^■co.^y 



THE 



Montreal Rolling Mills Co. 

MONTREAL 



GunInsuranc 
For 50 4 

. Try a 50-cent new size bottla of 
3-in-One" and insure your gun 
against wear and tear and repair 
expense. 

"3-in-One" has the most won- 
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Every action part works easier, 
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'3-in-One" 's a penetrating, non- 
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All big gun factories use it. Con- 
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3 





Buy the economical 50-cent 
size-just 8 times as large as 10- 
cent size-2V2 times as large as 
25-cent size! 

FREE Write for sample 
^^^^ bottle and "3-in- 
One" Dictionary. Library 
Slip free with each bottle. 



"3-IN-ONE" OIL CO. 

55 New it., New York City 



154 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



The programme consisted of 150 targets divided 
into seven events. 

The principal event of the tournament was 
the lOO-bird match for the championship of Ont- 
ario, the winner of which to receive a handsome 
vase decorated with a painting of the head of the 
$400 setter dog owned by a Fulton, N. Y., gentleman 
and high average money. This event brought out 
some splendid shooting, and was won by B. W. 
Glover, of London, with the fine score of 97. J. 
E. Jennings, of Toronto, was second with 95, and R. 
i^ay of London, and K. C. Turnbull, of Stratford, 
next in line with 93 each. 

The new automatic trap recently installed by 
the club worKed well, throwing the birds through- 
out the day without any trouble, and gave every 
satisfaction. 

B. W. Glower, of London, was high man for the 
day hitting 143 out of 150 shot at. 

J. E. Jennings, Toronto, second average with 142, 
and K. C. Turnbull, Stratford, third, with 141. 

The scores: — 

Shot *t Hit. 

K. C. Turnbull 150 141 

J. E. Cantelon 150 103 

J. E. Hovey 150 135 

J. E. Jennings 150 142 

Dr. Kav 150 132 

B. W. Glover 150 143 

R. Day 150 140 

R. Waide 150 126 

S. Webb 150 121 

W. J. Kirbvson 150 129 

T. G. Sherdown 130 54 

T. Savage 80 62 

J. Aitcheson 150 134 

J. J. Meyers 150 122 

W. Boles' 130 116 

W. Miller 30 20 

G. M. Dunk 150 130 

J. Rutherford 30 23 

J. Pasmore 150 73 

J. Baker 30 12 

FOR CHAMPIONSHIP OF ONTARIO. 

Glover —9" 

Jenning? — 95 

Day —93 

Turnbull —93 

*Dunk —92 

Hovey —90 

Kav —90 

Bofes .* —90 

Aitcheson — 89 

Kirbyson — 85 

Waide —82 

Webb —81 

Meyers — 80 

Pasmore — 72 

Cantelon — 68 

Sherdown — 46 

•Professional. 

REMARKS ON THE SIDE 

"Well, 'T)ominion" Dunk can shoot some from 
the twenty-two yard mark. His score is a credit 
to Imperial shells — 24 x 25. 

The last 95 of Joe Jennings when he made 93 



hits speak well fo; the L. A. Smith Gun, Leader 
sliells and Dupont powder. 

Joe Jennings chased Glower all day and was only 
one bird behind on the 150 targets. Shooting with 
a Winchester and using Leader Shells and Dupont 
powder, uis score of 95 was Becond best in the 
100 bird championship race. 

Well 93 should do, Mr TumbuU. It is a fine score. 

RoUie Day was all there with his Marlin. His 
score of 93 is a credit to his shooting prowess. 

Mr. Boles score was not too bad — 90 x 100. 

What do you say? Nichols, of Chatham can 
load shells? Well, I should guess. 

Long Pete lAitcheson was in hard luck — 49 out of 
his first fifty and only 40 out of the second fifty. 
Too bad! Never mind, Parker's trigger is still 
O. K. 

Kirbyson came from Ingersoll to break 85 x 100. 

Myers and his Winchester did all right though 
his score was 80 x 100. 

Well may we all meet again and make good 
scores! 



GOOD SHOOTS AT WOODSTOCK 

Considering the conditions — a strong west wind 
that seemed to blow towards the ground, keeping 
the targets low and giving them an uneven flight, 
the scores made at Woodstock Gun Club on April 
twenty-first were unusually good. The scores: 

Shot at. Broke. 

J. Dutton 50 43 

S. Mavnard 60 47 

F. Farlow 70 59 

E. Dougal 60 36 

D. Beaglev 50 33 

R. Muller" 75 ' 62 

E. Dutton 25 23 

A. Dent 36 19 

H. Farlow 10 6 

F. Bond 20 12 

On May seventh the weather was fine and some 

very good scores were made. Following are some 
of the scores: 

Shot at. Broke. 
J. Dutton 35 57 

D. Beagley 25 13 

E. Dougal 65 41 

H. Farlow 25 18 

J. Maynard 65 44 

A. Dent 25 25 

F. Farlow 50 42 

E. Dutton 60 49 

R. M. Mueller 25 15 

At a later shoot the following are some of the 
scores : 

Shot at. Broke. 

R. L. Stratton 25 12 

Dr. Heath 25 14 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



155 



ARE YOU A USER 
OF THE GUN? 

If SO, get interested 
in the POWDER you 
shoot. 

In any situation where a 
gun is used you should 
have a feehng of reli- 
ance and security. 

ANY ONE OF THE 



Sporting Powders 

WILL GIVE YOU THAT FEELING 

When buying shells 
make sure that they 
are loaded with 

THE 

REGULARand RELIABLE 
BRANDS 

Every Pound is Guaranteed 
E. I. du Pont de Nemours Powder Co. 

Established 1802 WILMINGTON, PEL. 




Two Clean Kills 

You know quail — noisy winging biinible 
bees! They scared you green in your 
novice days as they broke from cover. 
Remember they were almost out of range by 
the time you recovered and got your bearings. 

You remember all these things, and you 
know that even to-day you get a bit flustered 
when a big covey flushes — that sometimes 
you don't get settled down until the whizzing 
birds are almost too far to reach. Then you 
wish for a gun that isn't just "good enough" 
— \Nish for a gun that kills clean and far. 

Any man who swings a Lefever true on 
a pair of quail at long range does not feel a 
heart flutter for the result. He knows it — 
T-ix'o Clean Kills. 

The reason Lefever Guns kill clean an<.l 
sure and far is Lefe\'er Taptr Boring. 

But Taper Boring is onK- one of the 19 
exclusive adxantages of 

LEFEVER 

SHOT GUNS 

Our catalogue will tell you of barrel rigid- 
ity and take-up unequalled in any other gun. 
Also about other things you must know if 
you are to invest your money right. It is 
worth sending for. Address Lefevlr Arms 
Company, 20 llaltbie St., Syracuse, N. Y. 




Durston Special 

20 Gauge. Price, $28.00. 



156 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



S. Robinson 25 

W. f'. Rounds 25 

R. Af. Mueller 25 



16 
22 
19 



A most interesting feature of the recent Gun Club 
tournament at Lawrence, Mass., was the meeting 
of veteran professional trapshooters of national 
reiputation. Some high grade shooting was the 
result. The veterans were equipped with L. C. 
Smith and Winchester shotguns. Mr. W. D. BI()::d, 
of Springfield, ,»lass., who used a No. 522 Stevens 
'Trapshooter Grade" Repeating Model, broke one 
hundred and forty clay birds out of one hundred 
and fifty. 



petitors l>y 10 binls. A. M. Arnold, who was 
second] high amateur average at this tournament, 
also used a Marlin shotgun — his score being 167 
ex 200. There were but three Marlin guns on the 
grounds; the lion's share went to the Marlin 
shooters. 



The Pastime Gun Club, of Parry Harbour, Ont., 
Iiave just set up a trap. 



The superb shotting ability of the Marlin trap 
gun was again thonuiglily demonstrated at the 
Patriots' Day Tournament of the Springfield 
(Mass.) .,un Club on April nineteenth. Willard B. 
Darton, shooting a Marlin trap gun. was high over 
all in a field of forty-seven shooters with the ex- 
cellent score of ]S7 ex 20n^Ieadinnr his nearest coni- 



On April 7th,. at the Grand Island (Nebraska) 
Gun Club Tournament, :Mr. lAlbert Miller broke 97 
out of 100 clay birds with a Stevens No. 525 
itepeating Shotgun. This remarkable shooting is 
all the more phenomenal from tne fact that in 
securing this high score Mr. Miller used the No. 
525 Stevens Gun for the first time. An illustrated 
folder of Stevens Repeating Shotguns will be sent 
to any applicant upon request direct to the Com- 
pany 'at Chicopee Falls, Mass.. mentioning "Rod 
anil Gun in Canada." 



m'.^'.awjiiiimmmma 



mm 



A MALCOLN RIFLE TELESCOPE SIGHT is specially adopted to Big Game Shooting 
and Long Range in open country. For further information, address — 

R. F. EMMONS, 5 Sherwood Street, AUBURN, N. Y, 



FOK 
CATALOGIE 




$18.00 



or O •£. O SIX SHOTS IN FOUR SECONDS. 

•^"'rC--OiVirL"~OllrC perfect hammerlessnon-clogging- 
action. 24 to 32 inch Genuine Imported DAMASCUS Barrel. Full 
length top rib gives instantaneous sight. Hinged breech block, all working parts 
covered up; snow and dirt cannot get in. Solid steel wall always between shell and 
shooter. Taken down in ten seconds without tools. Black Walnut Stock, fine finish. 
Sent with privilege of examination if desired. Bore, gauge and drop of stock optional. 
No extra charge for any feature named. Don't buy until you have read our 
FREE BOOK describing this pump gun and our superb line of singles and doubles. 

Ask for it Today, j^^ UNION FIRE ARMS CO., 325 ,jburndale, Toledo, Ohio, I. S. A. 



The Next Time Your Gun 
Requires Doctoring 



THINK OF 



ALEX. JOHNSTON 

494 Eaitern Ave, TORONTO, ONT. 

Who hae every facility for choke boring, 
rsfirtocking, browing and repairing guns. 
You can make no mistake in hringlng or 
■ending your (ran to him. 



Accuracy — Energy — Workmanship 



The 3 in One 

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is contained in 

LUGER Automatic PISTOLS 

HAENEL MANNLICHER 

and Genuine MAUSER RIFLES 

Ask Your Dealer, or Write 
H. TAUSCHER CO., 320 Broadway. New York 




ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 157 



^hof In Canada 

Expert riflemen appreciate the fact that 
the Mark III. Ross Rifles are shot and ^ 
sighted in Canada by our experts ^^ 
before leaving our factory. ^^^ 

This means that in average ^^ 
Canadian weather and ^^^^ /rN^ ^ 
with Canadian ammuni- ^^( "^ xl/^^ 
tion the elevation is j^>// Rj FLES 

"on the line.'' .^^^ r\ n/i i 

^m/T U u r Mark 

^^(^ ^^^* J^^s proven itself 

^■J^ the greatest of prize 

IKKF) winners. Don't handi- 

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^^m "any old gun." Get a "Ross." 

^^^^ Illustrated Catalogue 

^^^^ sent free on request. It contains 

^^^ full information about our Sport- 

^^^m ing as well as our Military Arm. 

^W Write for it. 



The Ross Rifle Company 

Quebec, P. Q. 



158 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



SMITH 

HUNTER ONE— TRIGGER 

CHOOSE your gun as you would your hat — to fit you 
perfectly. It means higher scores and more birds. 
There is some rather wise advice on this point in our 
handsomely hthographed new Catalogue — and you may 
have it for the asking. 

THE FIRST THING to remember, however, is that It does make a great 
deal of difference whether or not your gun fits you. The next thing to 
remember is that there is a Hammerless Smith Gun that does fit you better 
than any other gun in the world. 

The most wonderful improvement in gun-making in the 
past fifty years is the Hunter One-Trigger. It is just as 
great a boon to the professional as to the amateur sports- 
man. It spells accuracy to the highest degree. 




The most wonderful advance in gun-making this year is the thoroughly 

tried and tested new 20-Gauge Hammerless Smith Gun — with or without 

the Hunter One-Trigger attachment. Weighs S% to 71bs. Just 

all gun and no frills. Ask about it today. . , „ , ,„ 

THE HUNTER ARMS CO. ^ ^^^ J^^^S^^ 

89 Hubbard Street 






^>i?^ 



I "EUREKA, D. C."i 



THE MENARD 





The BEST MotX)r 

Buggy in the 
market. 14 b.p., 

water-Cooled. 
Write for prices 
and descriptions 



The Mafifneto that fires your 
engine and also furnishes your 
lights. Made for jump spark 
multiple cylinder engines. We 
also make a smaller magneto for 
single cylinder jump spark engine, 
also for make and break spark 
ignition. 

Write for catalogue. 

Henricks Novelty Co. 

314 W. Georgia St., 



100 London St., Windsor, Ont. 



I 



t INDIANAPOLIS, 

▼T*v v '** v *I* '** *** '** *•* '3* V *r V A* V 'I' *! 



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A .V.% .VV. »V.> 



IND. 



Don't W^ait 

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THE AMERIC4N CHAUFFEUR AND MOTOR CAR 

Send us ten cents and reoeire a Mimpl« 
copy of one of the most interesting maga- 
zines concerning ChaufiFeura and Automobile 
owners ever published. 

One Year's Subscription $1.00 

(United States and Canada) 

Foreign $1.50 

Published 1931 BROADWAY, NEW TOSK 
CITY, U.S.A. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



159 



"Made in Canada with us means Better than any made" 




OUR PROPOSITION IS- 

If you can buy a finer gun in any grade from $250 
down to $25 than a TOBIN, buy the other— but 
if we can SHOW YOU points of excellence, 
durability and shooting qualities combined in no 
other make — then you need a TOBIN GUN. 

If your dealer cannot supply you we will seud you what you want. If you 
don't find the Gun more for the money than you ever saw before return it at 
our expense. You take no chance. Send for Catalog now. 

Tobin Arms Mfg. Co., Limited 

Woodstock, Ontario 



160 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 









Advcrtiicmcnts will b« ta- 
tcrUd in this DcpartmMt at 
2c. a ward. Send Stamp* wMk 
•rdcr. Copy should not bt la4or 
than the 15th of the ntonth. 




For Sale, Want, and 
Exchange Dcpts. 











. ▲UTOMOBJI.ZS. 

rOR BALK — Oldi raoabout. been aied only a month. 

Btagle cylinder. 12 h.p. A barcaln. Box T., Bod and 
Qnn. Vooditook. tf 

Waltham-Orleot Buckboard Automobile and Karn Piano 
Player and fifty pieces of music. For sale or exchange for 
laancb or si)orting goodi of any kind. Box M. T., Bod and 
Qnn. Woodstock. 

ACCESSORIES. 

MAGNETO — Type B. Wizard, suitable for starting en- 
gines up to tbree or four horse-power, without aid of 
batteries. When batteries are used, suitable for larger 
sized engines: contact or make and break spark, a bargain. 

MAGNETO — ^Type H. Wizard, for two-cycle marine en- 
gines and multiple cylinder stationary engines: length 12 
inches, width C inches: height 8 inches, weight 24i^j lbs. 
Bargain. 

MAGNETO — Type B. Wizard, for make and break en- 
gines: length 10 inches, width 5% inches, height 7 inches, 
weight 13 lbs: also one Type B. C. Wizard Magneto: Type 

A. Wizard Magneto: Type R. Wizard Magneto. Bargain. 
PROPELLER WHEELS— Following Michigan Wheels: 12 

In., left hand, three blade, bronze. $3.00: twelve Inch, 
right hand, two blade bronze, price, $2.45: sixteen Inch. 1 
h. WeedlesR, bronze. $6.80; 12 inch, three blade, cast iron, 
$1.90; 14 inch, left hand, three blade, 20th Century cast 
Iron, $2.30. Bryant & Berry, 14 inch — 20 inch pitch, 
three blade, right hand, bronze wheel. $7.50: Bryant & 
Berrry. 16 inch. 22 inch pitch, three blade bronze. $8.50. 
CARBURETORS— One inch Heitger Carburetor. Model 

B, $7.00: 114 inch Heitger Carburetor. Model B. $8.00. 
Marvel Carburetor, made by Marvel Carburetor Co.. Ip- 
dianapolis. liA inch. $8.00. 

BO.\T SEARCHLIGHTS — Acetylene searchlight, made by 
Hiram L. Piper Co.. Montreal, complete with generator. 
Apply for price. 

MILLER GREASE GUN — Indispensable to motor boat 
owners. $1.00. 

FLASH LIGHTS- Wonder flashlight, complete, 85c. Vest 
pocket flashlight, complete 65c. 

Send remittance where price Is quoted, or write for 
price where no quotation is given, to F. Levick. 5 King 
Street West. Toronto. 

BIBDS AKD AKIUALS. 
FOR SALE — Three pairs of Golden Pheasants, per pair 
$10.00: Golden Pheasant eggs, $5.00 for 13; Ring Neck 
Pbeasont eggs, $2.50 for 13. If necessary will exchange 
for aportlng goods. Carl Herman, Pheasant Breeder, Yar- 
mouth. Nova Scotia. 

CAMERA — Korona Petit, 3%x5V4. post card il^e. with 
rapid rectilinear lens, manufactured by the Gundlach-Man- 
battan Optical Co.. Rochester. Can use either plates or 
film packs. Also a Marvel Petit, S^xS^A. Will sell either 
one at a bargain. Apply Box 4, Rod and Gun, Toronto, 
Ontarl*. 

COOS. 

BEAGLES — I have several registered itnd bitches, open 
er In whelp, for sale. One of the beat attid dogs In 
Canada at atnd. Nothing but reglatered stock handled. 
Description, pedigree and photos upon application. Grand 
Blrer Beagle Kennels, Breslaa, Ont. W. M. Hlddleton. 
Prop. tf 

FOR SALE — 5 half Bloodhound, half Foxhound, pups, bred 
from imported Bloodhound. "Selton's Rover." Price $15. on 
each, male or female. Chas. Reasbeck. Vankleek Hill. 
Ont. It 

FOR SALE — Fnll Pedigreed Airedale Female, one year 
old. Price very low. W. R. Cunningham, Annapolis 
Royal, N.S. It 



His breeding is unsurpassed and fee is reasonable. If in- 
terested, write for fuller particulars. R. A. Richardson, 
Chatham, Ont. 

AT STUD— The beagle Remlik Napoleon (Ch. Wlndholme's 
Robino II. ex. Ch. Windholme's Bangle II.), a winner at 
Philadelphia and New York bench shows and a grand hunter. 

ENGLISH BEAGLES — Choice Beagles for sale, fully 
pedigreed. J. H. Boynton, Smith's Falls, Ont. 

REGISTERED BEAGLES-rGrand River Beagle Kennels. 
W. M. Middleton, Prop., Breslau, Ont. It 

BLOODHOUNDS— Five grandly bred English Bloodhound 
puppies, whelped March 23rd, two dogs, 3 bitches. Sire, 
"Silton's Rover"; dam, "Dartmoor Rosebud." Strong, 
vigorous pups. Heavy boned, grand ears. Lots of wrinkle. 
Dartmoor Kennels, King City. Ont. It 

FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE— My Irish Water Spaniel 
Mike, one year old. Will retrieve, and partly trained, and 
will make a splendid dnck-sbooting dog, or for show pur- 
poses. Pedigree shows the best champion blood In America. 
Will exchange for a setter dog, trained, and pay difference. 
N. C. Christie, Amherst, N.S. f-2t 

ENGINES. 

A one-cylinder, three horsepower marine engine; dia- 
meter fly wheel, 16 in.; diameter engine shaft, 1% In.; dia- 
meter propelled shaft, % in.: length of bed, 14 In.; width 
of bed, 15 In. ; center of shaft to bottom of crank chamber, 
S% In; center of shait to top of cylinder, 22 In.; diameter 
exhanat pipe, 1^ In.; box, 4 In.; ahote, 6 In.; weight 
complete, 240 lbs. Complete equipment. Box 62, Motor 
Magazine, Toronto. tf 

FOR SALE — New 3^TP. Detroit Marine Engine, complete. 
Never in a boat, $55.00. Cost $87.00. E. W. Douglass, 
Stanley, N.B. f-3t 

FOR SALE — Si.x horse power, one cylinder, two cycle, 
gasoline motor engine and igniter made by Guarantee 
Motor Co., nearly new, with propeller. E R. Read. Brant- 
ford. Ont. , It 

FOR SALE — Cheap for cash, several marine engines from 
2 to 10 horse-power, various makes. Will sell at a bargain. 
Give full particulars as to style and horse power required. 
W. II. Martin, Sporting Goods Dealer. Woodstock, Ont. tf 

FISHING TACKLE BARGAINS, 

Frost Kelso Automatic Reel, price, each $3.75 

Balance Handle Nickel Miiltii>lying Reel, with adjust- 
able Click and Drag, price, each 60c 

Gem' Carlton Reel (Click), price, each 40c 

Rubber and Nickel Click Reels, price, each 40c 

Yawman & Erbe Automatic Reel, price, each $3.75 

Meek, Blue Grass Reel. German Silver, each $5.00 

C.irlton Ideal Reel, price, each 70c 

U. B. Live Frog Harness Hooks, each 25c 

U. B. Spin Flies, each .' 20c 

Anglers' Friend Fish Line Preserver and Drying Reel — 

dries line thoroughly and quickly, each 70c 

Kelso Pearl Spoon Bait, each 35c 

Hartung Feathered Bass Bait, each 35c 

A. B. Patent Troll, near gold, each .30e 

Safety Hook and Reel Holder, each 20c 

Anti Cussin Fish Hook Holder 30c 

Friend Double Spinner Bass Bait, each 50e 

Coller Rubber Winding Grip, for steel or wood rods, 

an indispensable contrivance to rod owners, each. 25e 

Hartung Near Gold Bass Bait, each -350 

McCurdy Frog Harness Hooks, each 30c 

Greenhart Trout Rod. 10 ft. in length, weight 9'^ 
ounces, extra tip. Hand made rod and warranted 
in both material and workmanship, price $6.50 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



IGl 



Dagama Bass KoU. SVj feet in length, tbree pieces, 
extra tip. Mounted German Silver and put up In 

in covered form witli canvas sack, price *C..jI1 

AlKne fishing tackle must be sold at once. Any articl.- 

sent iKpress CO. P.. subject to approval. Send remittance 

to B. Hume, 6 King Street. West. Toronto. Order fllled 

same il.iy as received. 



FISHING RODS— Do you want a rod to stand hard work. 
not a t.^v ■) Get the hand-made split bamboo, made after 
the old 111. t hod that made the bamboo famous. Warranted 
to stand. Send for catalog. Geo. Morgan, rod manufac- 
turer, Syracuse, N.T. J''"- 



0TXW8 
FOR SALE— 25 Calibre Stevens Rifle In case— new. A 
snap. Box 272. Bradford. Ont. It 



I will exchange .32 Stevens rifle for a pair of ferrets. 
Bos 6, Cnionville. Ont. •'' 

FOR S\LE— Winchester Rifle, Model 1S92 38-40, with 
shells. as'?-.Hl MS new-$10. Box B, Bod and Gun, Wood- 
stock. 



FOB SAI.E-Ithaca pun. No 12, weight 7%, handsomely 
engravPd gold trimmed barrels, full choked, hammerless^ 
Price $75.00. Address, Mrs. Ezra Huffma n. Hay Bay. it 

Lefever Hammerless Gun. D. S. Grade. Bu^'N'tfO "t^el 
barrel, twelve gauge, half plstol grip, rubber baU plate 
stock 14 inches. Box "Lefever," Bod and Gun, 5 Klngjt. 
W., Toronto. 



FOR SALE— Parker Hammerless, 12 ga.. 7% bb. Cost 
$110. Titanic steel barrel. Beautiful gun, not soUed- 
bargaln. Waterloo period flint lock musket, good condition. 
Box 16. Swan Lake, Manitoba. 



Target Smith & Wesson .3.<? military revolver. 6% In. 
barrel. I-.vman Sight. Ideal tools for same, cost fortj- 
eight dollars— for thirty dollars. Apply Box D, S., Kod 
and Gun, Toronto. 

FOR SALE— No. 2 grade Smith automatic ejector, 6%. 
26 14 1% 2^2 12g. perfect condition, right % and left 
fnil choke.' Price $6.". Will take Winchester pump and 
difference. Box 113. Kingsville. Ont. 



FOR SALE — Greener Hammerless 12 gauge. 7% lbs.. 1%- 
'"Si-14Vi in. stock Full choke and modified. First class 
condition. Flat Rib.— an excellent pigeon gun. $60.00 cash, 
nn trades. Address Box 66. Rod and Gun. Woodstock. 
Ont. ^' 



FOR SALE— Winchester, thirty-two special, take down 
marble sights, fifteen dollars: Ideal reloading tools, dipper, 
pot and cover, two-fifty. Box C. S., Rod and Gun, Wood- 
stock. ^* 



FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE— 2.5-20 take down Winches- 
ter Repeater, leather case, reloading tools. Cost $38.00. 
$2.5.00 or good shot-gun. 108 Cauchon St.. Fort Rouge. 
Winnipeg. Man. ^^ 

LAUNCHES. 
GASOLINE LAUNCH on Lake Muskoka. 22 foot, used one 
season. Apply Fred W. Sutton. Bala. Ont. It 

FOR SALE — Smack. Kawartha Lakes. Good condition. 
Apply R. P. Baker, University of Chicago. 

SMALL V TRANSOM .«iTERN LAfNCII. 1.5 ft 6 in. 
long. 3 ft. 2 in. beam. 2 to 3 H.P.. nsM one season, perfect 
order. $75.00. Would take plate camera as part payment, 
over 4 by 5. Coward's Boat Worts. Kingston. Ont. It 



A CHANCE — A 17-foot Compromise stern launch, beam 4 
ft. 3 In., fitted with n 2 H.P. Buffalo engine, reverse pro- 
peller and Splitdorf coil, complete, ready to run, just ^^^y 
painted. Built In 1909. First cheque $150.00. H.W 
man, Merrickville, Ont. 



Tall- 
m-3t 



Twentv-three foot lannch hull, semi-speed design, manu- 
factured bv Robertson Bros.. Hamilton. Built of Cyprus and 
oak. Apply Box 17. Rod and Gun. Toronto, Ontario. 

FOR SALE — Fine cabin cruiser. 40x8. 25 H.P. Co«t 
$2.000— to be sold for unpaid balance. $700.00 Suitable for 
passenger. Apply John Sale, Windsor, Ont. 2t 



FOR SaLU— Auxiliary Cabin Cruiser, 24 ft., with 4 U.I'. 
Gray Motor, built top order, A.I. condition. Fine for cruls. 
iiig, roomy and seaworthy. $500 cash. Apply C. B. H., 
lioi 43. Llstowel. Ont. It 

LAUNCH BARGAIN— A "1909 Special" Mullins Steel 
Sixteen-foot Gasoline Trolling Launch. In good condition, 
including all extras, oars, cushions, life preservers, flag 
staff, anchor, fenders, etc. First check for $125.00 takes 
complete outfit. Matt. Nichols, Bobcaygeon, Ontario. It 



A 8-10 H.P. Twin Screw. Van Auken motor, with the 
following equipment: Spark plugs, commutator, spark coll. 
primary and secondary wires, muffler, starting lever, tools, 
and couplings bored to suit propeller shafts, also a speeUllr 
•^i-lected carburetor. Send for further particulars to Box 13, 
Kod and Gun, Toronto, Ontario. 

FOR SALE — One high grade Motor Canoe. 17 ft., with 
;i IVo H.P. gasoline motor. This canoe has bei'U used a 
sliort time, but is in flrst-class condition. Would sell cheap 
or exchange for a 3 or 6 H.P. motor. Also one cedar row 
boat, IG ft., with a 2 H.P. gasoline motor installed. This 
boat is second-hand but in good running order. One 22 ft. 
X 4 ft. 7 in. gasoline launch, built last summer, double 
skin of cedar with a 5 H.P. two-cylinder Buffalo engine, 
with reverse gear. Only in use a short time. Any of 
the above list will be sold cheap. Apply to W. T. Bush, 
CoMwater. Ont. 



NAVAL AB.CHITZCT8 
T B. r. BENSON. Asoc. Inst. N. A.. NAVAL ARCHI- 
TECT and YACHT BROKER. Sailing and power yacbU 
for all requirements designed and building superTlsed. 
Designer of Trio, Null! Secundus, Queen of Temagaml, 
etc., etc. Molsons Bank Chambers. Phone Main 53T9. 
Toronto. *'•* 



SPECIALS. 
FOR SALE — Three months and yearling brook trout, good 
stock. Caledon Mountain Trout Club. Brantford. Can. m-J 



FOR SALE- Finest speckled tront eggs, fry, fincerllnga, 
etc always for sale In season at the Ideal private hatck- 
ery of pr. A. R. Robinson, Silver Creek, Caledon Mom- 
talns Also fishing permitted to respenslble parties. Ad- 
dress' A. J. Walker, Caldwell P. 0.. Ontar io. d-llt 

FOR SALE— Summer Cottage at Torrance. Lake Mnskoka, 
near P. O. and steamboat wharf. George Parker, Box 17«, 
< ;ravenhnrst. 

WANTED— Island In Georgian Bay suitable for buhimm 
home. Address J. H.. care of Bod and Gun. Toronto. 



FOR ^\LE— Air Mattress an.l Pump. 3xfii., feet, made 
bv the Goodyear Rubber Co.. U.S.A. Cost $22.50: sell for 
$io. Box B.. Rod and Gun. Woodstock. It 

' FOR^VLE— Ra^rs^rth $3.00. now $0.99. Guaranteed. 
hoUow ground, white handles, art female figure. Satisfac- 
tion or money refunded. Stanley Huntley. Allegan, Mich. 

TENT— Wanted, good second hand tent, fair size for 
family camping. Give particulars. Williams. 212 Board 
of Trade Bufiding. Montreal. 



INDI\N SPEARHE.\DS— 2 to 6 inch, made of obsidian; 
price list for addressed envelope. F. H. Gilham. Highland 
Springs. California. 



TAXIDERMISTS. 
SPORTSMEN— Your OflRce. Camp or Bungalow would he 
greatlv im'proved in appearance by a fine game head. I 
can offer von one of the finest proCTirable in Canada, guar- 
anteed perfect in every way. Write me today while 
fresh in vour memory. Edwin Dixon. Ontario s leading 
Taxidermist. Main St.. Unlonvllle. Ont. " 

" MOO^ H^DS— Two large ones having spread of .56 and 
53' inches heavv. well formed palms with tines: both 
mounted this season. Very reasonable prices for quick 
sale. Write for photos. Edwin Dixon. Taxidermist. 
Unionville. Ont. 



It 



EIK HE\D— One of the finest in Canada, with 12 
noints- guaranteed perfect. Mounted this season. Shoilld 
secure quick sale. Edwin Dixon. Taxidermist. Unionville. 
Ont. " 



162 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Sterling Quality 

HIGH GRADE MARINE ENGINES 

Engines of refinement to meet all Marine requirements. Sizes, 
[S to 240 horse power, for Launches, Cruisers, Runabouts, 
Speed and Work Boats. 



' DESIGN 

and 

CONSTRUCTION 

are subject to your ex- 
uniination. Write for 
1910 Catalogue- 
mailed on request. 




COLORS— 

White with Black. 

Black with Olive. 
Size 0, IJc per yard. 
Size ^, Ifc per yard. 
Size 1, 2c per yard. 



Black 
Black 



with 
with 



White. 
Brown. 



Size 2, 3^c per yard. 
Size 3, 3c per yard. 
Size 4, 3fc per yard. 



Patent Waxed Lines 

Guaranteed not to absorb water. 
Superior Line for Casting. 
Size 0, 2J cents per yard. 
Size i, 2^ cents per yard. 
Size 1, 3 cents per yard. 
Size 2, 3J cents per yard. 
Casting Line — Size 00, IJ cents per yard. 



Enamelled Lines 

Not a union line, but the best silk. 

ENAMELLED BY HAND. 

Size ^, 3f cents per yard. 
Size 1, 4 cents per yard. 
Size 2. 4i cents per yard. 
Size 3, 5 cents per yard. 
Size 4, 5f cents per j^ard. 

Size 0, li^ cents per yard. 



Put up on cards, 25, 50, 75 and 100 yards continuous lengths. 
ForSale By 

E. BREGENT, ART ROSS & CO., 

192 St. Catherine St. E., Montreal 172 Peel Street, Montreal 

J \S. WALKER H \RDWARE CO.. LTD . 252 St. Jame« Street. Montreal. 



I 



STERLING ENGINE COMPANY. 

-I 

Silk Fish Line 

Made on latest im- 
proved machinery. 
Absolutely pure, 
strength guaranteed, 
the strongest and 
lightest line made.. 



VOL. XII. 



No. 2 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



WOODSTOCK, ONT.. JULY. 1910 



Contents for July, 1910 



Canoeing on Lake Superior Frederic Goodson Higbee 165 

'Hie Lure of the Wild Fredericlc JViUiam Wallace 178 

Xear to the Heart of Nature Dick 179 

Mr. Joseph Vance and His Wild Animal Pets: The Pet Minks. . W. A. Bradley, B.A. 184 

Canoe Trips iu Temagami Fraser llaney 18(5 

On the Stream Hev. C. T. Faston 1915 

On Lake Huron 's Shore Owen Soundlan 191 

Wanderlust Bobert Jenkins 195 

A Day After Sheep in Alberta A. N. Cowdry 196 

The Trent Valley Waterway Rupert S. Donell 199 

Salmon Fishing in New Brunswick Douglas Wetmore Cli)ich 206 

Some Good Dogs C. IV. Young 211 

Our Cover Illustration 214 

Our Forest Problems James Dickson, O.L.S. 216 

A Successful Grizzly Bear Hunt C. Percy Plaxton 222 

The Joys of Nature J. E. McCrea 226 

Experiences of a Woman Homesteader: 

An Adventure with a Timber Wulf Dorothy Patrick Dyar 228 

Fishing on the Eideau Lakes Chain J. A. Moriarty 2oU 

A New Brunswick Bear Hunt John Farquhar 236 

The Alpine Club of Canada: The Qmilifieatiou Climb of Mt. Hiiber. .A. M. Dallas 240 

Our Medicine Bag 250 

Report of Ontario Game and Fish Commissioner ' 267 

Trade Notes 268 

The Trap 274 

Muskoka 's Fine Attractions 292 



When Sending Change of Address Subscribers are Requested to Give the Old Address 

as Well as the New. 

Communications on all topics pertaining to fishing, shooting, canoeing, yachting, the kennel, amateur 
photography and trapshooting will be welcomed and published If possible. All communications must he 
accompanied by the name of the writer, not necessarily for publication, however. 

Hod and Gun in Canada does not assume any responsibility for, or necessarily endorse, any views ex 
pressed by contributors to its columns. W. J. TAYLOK, Publisher, Woodstock, Ont. 

BRANCH OFFICES: 5 King St. W., Toronto, Ont. Herald Building, Montreal, Que. 

Outer Temple. 223-225 Strand. London. W. C, Eng. 5 B«ekman St., Temple Court, New York, f'.Y. 
Entered Feb. 17, 1908. at the Post Office at Buffalo. N.Y., as second-class matter under Act of March 3.1908 




COURTESY C. P. RY. 



IC^' 




♦ t 



4. if, 



ROD AND GUN 

IN CANADA 




VOL. 12 



WOODSTOCK. ONT.. JULY. 1910 

Canoeing on Lake Superior 

BY FREDERIC GOODSON HIGBEE. 



NO. 2 



CURIOUSLY enoug-h it had its real 
beginning on an observation car 
somewhere west of Chicago and 
in the dead of winter. As we 
talked we were both conscious of how 
out of place it all seemed ; Illinois, with 
its ice-bound streams and snow covered 
fields, was flowing swiftly by the car win- 
dows yet we, snug and comfortable with 
a badly distorted railway map spread 
over our knees, were planning a canoe 
route through the north country on 
streams whose very existence was doubt- 
ful. 

Mr. Stewart Edward White begins 
"The Forest" with this wise observation 
that "Sometime in February, when the 
snow and sleet have shut out from the 
wearied mind even the memory of Spring, 
the man of the woods generally receives 
his first inspiration." So it was with us 
and from that pleasant air castle built to 
shorten a long railway journey in the 
dead of winter our plans began to take 
shape and grow. Before the journey 
was ended the Professor and I agreed to 
take a canoe trip during the following 
summer somewhere north of Sault Ste. 
Marie. 

A friend of mine once said : "One half 
the pleasure of my vacation I get in the 
planning of it, the other half I get in 
looking over the pictures I take ; the vaca- 
tion itself is a mere detail which makes 
these things possible." W'hile I cannot 
agree to his proportions there is no doubt 
about the pleasure one derives from '"he 
planning of a vacation. How many long 



evenings of the winter the Professor and 
I spent in planning our trip or how many 
pounds of tobacco were consumed in the 
process I can only guess, but before 
Spring came our plans were complete and 
our outfit was ordered. 

Briefly our plan was to follow the Gou- 
lais River, from a point where it is cross- 
ed by the Algoma Central Railway north 
of the Canadian Sault, to Lake Superior ; 
then we expected to follow the Canadian 
shore of the lake northward to whatever 
point our time and the weather condi- 
tions would permit us to reach. We ex- 
pected to devote four weeks to the trip 
and hoped to get as far north as Michipi- 
coten, from which point we could return 
to the Sault by steamer. 

Our canoe we ordered built for us in 
Canada. It was a seventeen foot bass- 
wood boat with a thirty-two inch beam 
and twelve inches deep ; it weighed, crat- 
ed, seventy pounds. The tent and sleep- 
ing bags were made for us by our local 
tent maker after our own ideas and were 
both designed for comfort and room 
rather than lightness. The rest of the 
outfit consisted of two large dufTle bags 
to hold the tent, the sleeping bag, our 
clothing, and the odds and ends of per- 
sonal outfit ; three provision bags each 
with its complement of smaller food 
bags, a cooking outfit, an axe, a Kodak 
and the fish rods. 

It is good that so much pleasure may 
be derived from what might well be an 
irksome task, for in planning such a trip 
as we proposed to take, much care and 



166 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



attention must be given to the details. 
To provide food, shelter, clothing, and 
other accessories sufficient for a four 
weeks' stay away from a base of supply 
in such shape that it may be transported 
comfortably in a seventeen foot canoe re- 
quires some thought. Failure to provide 
some very simple but necessary article 
may account for the difference between 
comfort and misery in the wilderness. 
With the exception of the canoe we had 
the opportunity of testing the outfit on 
a river trip which we took late in May 
and we found it satisfactory in every res- 
pect. 

Our friends had been so skeptical 
about our plans that they were more than 
excited when we boldlv announced we 



ness almost untouched by the hand of 
man. The desire to see these things and 
to partake of this life grew on us, it be- 
came the call. And thus we knew that 
we should go for a call is the seal of 
approval which the Red Gods set upon 
the plans of men. 

Circumstances of no moment here 
separated the Professor and me late in 
June with the understanding that we 
would meet in Detroit on August first. 
And while the intervening days were full 
of pleasant and agreeable occupation yet 
I looked forward with keen anticipation 
to the time when we could start. When 
the good ship "King Edward" reached 
the wharf at Detroit and I saw the Pro- 
fessor waiting in the crowd the look on 




were going a-canoeing on Lake Superior. 
When once they discovered that we were 
in earnest and that our plans were made 
they were loud in their assertions that 
it was altogether too risky an undertak- 
ing. We explained in vain that we un- 
derstood the risks, that we expected to be 
storm and wind bound, and that we 
would have to follow the shore line ; they 
were all vehement in their abjection's 
nevertheless and dolefully enough did 
they predict an untimely end for us both. 
But the lure of the North was on us 
and back of all this lure of the land and 
water there lurked in my memory certain 
tales of the big trout which might be 
taken off the reefs with a fly, of Agawa, 
of Burnt Rock Pool, of which Mr. White 
so charmingly writes, and of a wilder- 



his face expressed plainly enough his de- 
sire too was to turn north toward that 
land of fragrant pines and sparkling wat- 
ers. It w^as good to feel again the pleas- 
ure of his companionship and to know 
that at last we had made the start. 

In due season that Sunday morning 
the "King Edward" turned her bow into 
the current of the Detroit River and be- 
gan her leisurely journey northward. 
The clean fresh air of the open places 
blew refreshingly across the decks laden 
with the pleasant smells of the lake 
and marsh, and the panorama of land and 
water flowed smoothly by us ; Belle Isle, 
Lake St. Clair, and the Flats all seemed 
especially beautiful. The sparkling blue 
waters, the dazzling sky, the gayly be- 
decked canoes, motor boats, and sail- 



CANOEING ON LAKE SUPERIOR 



167 



boats, and the crowds of people all gave 
life and color to a scene which must be 
beautiful even on gray and quiet days. 
Shore and water seemed alive with color 
and the never ending procession of steam- 
ers, ore boats, and smaller craft gave just 
the touch needed to balance the composi- 
tion. 

Early in the evening we landed at God- 
erich and during the wait we took a turn 
about the town with its quaint octagonal 
"square;" late at night rumblings and 
noises deep down on the lower decks 
made us recall through the haze of our 
sleep that we were scheduled to stop at 
other places ; and early the next day we 
turned into the Georgian Bay and began 
to pick up the islands along the north 
shore. 



were bound for wonderful streams whose 
exact location they zealously guarded, 
others were campers whom the boat left 
here and there at queer places. The days 
were filled with pleasant episodes and in- 
teresting things to see and admire ; the 
evenings were spent in silent comtempla- 
tion of the wonderful beauty of the moon- 
lit scene. 

It was still early Tuesday morning 
when we reached the Sault and began our 
preparations for departure and a busy 
day we had. The Professor had accom- 
I)lished a wasp sting during our brief 
visit at Manitowaning and so swollen was 
his ankle that it devolved upon me to do 
most of the errands. I found the canoe 
at one end of the town with a hole punch- 
ed in its bottom ; it 'had to be hauled to 




Wa mado Camp fot tho nirht. 



From Killarney to Sault Ste. Marie the 
steamer threaded its way in and out of 
the narrow channels through the many is- 
lands stopping here and there at little 
towns and resorts tucked away in land 
locked harbours and afifording us an op- 
portunity of seeing the country and its 
people. The ever changing panorama of 
blue water and brown rocky islands was 
a continual delight; all sense of direction 
was soon lost and we seemed to be cut- 
ting a way through an endless sea of is- 
lands which seemed ever ready to close in 
upon us and leave the ship high and dry. 

The steamer was comfortably filled 
with people bent on an outing; some were 
tourists who were making the round trip 
with the boat, some were fishermen who 



the other end of the town and repaired. 
The very polite but inefficient baggage 
man on the boat had put part of our bag- 
gage off at the wrong dock and had kept 
the rest ; it had to be found, inspected by 
the customs, and hauled to the station. 
But by the expenditure of some consider- 
able time, energy and money we finally 
got it all collected, purchased and packed 
our provisions, and made our final pre- 
parations to depart. Early Wednesday 
morning, August 4t'h, we saw our outfit 
put aboard the train and with a gentle but 
persistent rain falling we began the journ- 
ey to the river. 

The very amiable and obliging train 
conductor, after interested inquiries con- 
cerning our destination, stopped his train 



168 



ROD AXD GUX IX CANADA 



for us near the bridge over the Goulais 
River, and after showing us the trail to 
the river, wished us a pleasant journey 
and left us in the hands of a boy who ap- 
peared from a nearby cabin. The agree- 
able youngster helped us carry the outfit 
' to the river and urged us to stay for 
lunch, but the sight of the river slipping 
away between its pine clad banks was too 
tempting and we declined his hospitable 
offer. In less time than it takes to tell it 
the duffle bags were stowed away amid- 
ships, I took my place in the bow, the 
Professor set the canoe afloat from his 
place in the stern, and we were off. Five 
minutes later a bend in the stream hid us 
from sight and nothing but the far off 
rumble of the train remained to remind us 
of civilization. 



rain we found them nearly as wet as the 
stream so we defied tradition and selected 
a clean dry spit of sand some two or three 
feet above the water and pitched the tent. 
Much may 'be said for and against camps 
on sand but we found on our trip down 
the river that they were far superior to 
camps in the woods, especially in wet 
weather. For dinner we had ox-tail soup, 
bacon, fried onions, ship biscuit and cof- 
fee. The onions were an experiment 
with us and they proved an unqualified 
success ; of the rest of the meal little need 
be said beyond the fact that it was fit for 
a king. 

It was pleasant to fill our pipes and to 
sit back from our dinner content with our 
lot and the knowledge that at last we 
were in the woods. The river babbled 




All morning long we tugged and pushed. 



The little river hurried along about its 
business taking us along with it whether 
we paddled or not, at every bend new 
things forced themselves upon our atten- 
tion and beckoned us forward, only the 
gentle patter of the rain broke the silence, 
and the damp fresh smell of the pines fill- 
ed the air with fragrance. The rain was 
forgotten, every sense responded to the 
soothing influence of this hushed and 
kindly world, cares and worries dropped 
astern at every stroke of the paddle, and 
in their places came great satisfaction and 
peace. 

It was late when we stopped for lunch 
and as we were in no hurry we made 
camp for the night. The banks of the 
river were heavilv wooded and after the 



and murmured over a tiny riffle near by 
making music soothing to tired ears; the 
evening mists crept down from the hills 
and cast a veil across the valley which the 
setting sun touched with unbelievable 
tints ; and over all brooded that silence — 
the wilderness silence — which speaks of 
peace and rest and understanding to the 
hearts of tired men. 

We found our beds none too soft that 
night yet none the easier to leave in the 
morning, and the sun was promising a 
clear day before we were up and on our 
way. The river changed rapidly as we 
progressed ; from a gently flowing little 
stream it became a busy torrent. The 
country round about grew more rugged 
and the river seemed to 'be picking its way 



CANOEING OX LAKE SUPERIOR 



169 



through a range of hills. Great gray 
granite cliffs, rising a sheer five and six 
hundred feet, shouldered the stream this 
way and that ; the bottom became strewn 
with boulders, the current quickened, no 
longer were there gentle riffles, we could 
hear the roar of the rapids as we ap- 
proached them. 

Our first realization of this change 
came soon after starting; we had taken a 
number of small rapids and had enjoyed 
the experiences ; suddenly around a sharp 
bed we found a high wall of granite block- 
ing the path of the river, we turned there 
sharply to the right and before us lay a 
hundred yards of white water filled with 
jagged rocks. A hasty inspection show- 
ed us a channel and into this we shot with 
ecstatic little chills running up and down 



rent so strong that we had trouble in mak- 
ing them stay under us, and it was with a 
deal of floundering and merriment that 
we passed into quiet water and resumed 
our paddles. 

From this time on we were in trouble. 
The stream grew rougher, the rapids more 
and more impassable, and the reaches of 
quiet water fewer and shorter. We spent 
a great deal of time tracking downstream, 
and while it seemed ridiculous to track 
downstream it certainly seemed the easi- 
est way to get along. Soon after lunch 
our feet got sore and bruised from the 
slipping and pounding they got on the 
rocks so at about three o'clock we made 
camp on another sand bar. feeling fairly 
certain that we were finished with the 
worst of the river. 




We found a boom of logs across the stream. 



our spines. Everything went well until 
we were about half w^ay through; here I 
failed to see a smooth round boulder lying 
just below the surface and on to this we 
plunged. We were swinging broadside 
on to the current and disaster when the 
Professor saved the day by quietly step- 
ping overboard and inviting me to follow. 
The water was up to his middle and I 
compromised by landing on the boulder. 
The experience cooled our ardor a bit 
and we agreed that the channel was too 
crooked to navigate in such a swift cur- 
rent, so we hitched a line to the bow 
and stern of the canoe and walked. It 
was easv enough to manage the boat but 
decidedly difificult to manage our feet; 
the footing was so slippery and the cur- 



A swim, dry clothing, and a hot meal 
soon restored our spirits and we spent a 
merry evening recounting the experiences 
of the day and speculating on what the 
morrow would bring forth. 

The sand where we camped was cover- 
ed with deer tracks and during the night 
we were twice awakened by the blowing 
of deer just back of the tent. We had 
seen no game, except the ducks on the 
river, but we found signs of deer and 
moose everywhere. We tried fishing for 
a short time after dinner and I got one 
rise ; we were too tired to keep at it long, 
and the sight of our camp with the smoke 
of its fire drifting across the river soon re- 
called us. 

The following morning we were afloat 



170 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



just as the sun came up over the hills. 
The fogs at night were so heavy that the 
tent and sand were always wet in the 
morning and we were never sure of the 
weather until the fog lifted. It was a 
wonderful sight to watch the dew drench- 
ed pines appear through the scattering 
mists ; first a tiny point of green would 
appear high up on the hill, then a group of 
taller trees would appear, next the top of 
the mountain, and finally the whole of the 
higher country. As the sun mounted 
higher and higher and the last wisps 
of m.ist floated away the whole valley 
stood revealed in all its sparkling splend- 
or. It was like the birth of a world and 
we never failed to stand in awe at the 
majesty and dignity of it. 

Our optimism of the previous day re- 



tired we made our way through what 
seemed to be an endless chain of rapids. 
We concluded that the river must be fall- 
ing down the side of the mountain and 
that when we once were through the rap- 
ids we would reach lake level and easy 
going. This conclusion seemed to be 
borne out by the topography of the hill's 
about us and afterwards proved to be cor- 
rect. 

One incident, which threatened to be 
serious for a moment, gave me a hearty 
laugh at the Professor's expense. At the 
end of a long rapid and at the brink of a 
sharp drop where the water shot through 
a narrow channel, I asked him to hold 
the canoe while I took a picture. The 
current was strong and he had difficulty 
in holding the boat against its pull but I 




We celebrated 



with a mighty dinner. 



ceived a severe shock not a mile from 
camp ; we entered what we hoped was our 
last big rapids onh- to find that it was the 
first. Our experience of the day before 
was not to be compared with the experi- 
ence of the morning. The bed of the 
stream became filled with boulders great 
and small and the water boiled and roared 
around these rocks with such speed and 
ferocity that we gave up trying to navi- 
gate at all. All morning long we tugged 
and pushed, twisted and slid the canoe 
over and around these boulders working 
a passage through the rapids. The rocks 
were slippery, our feet were bruised and 
sore, we often fell. It was no uncommon 
thing to step from ankle to waist deep 
with no warning, and so stumblinsf and 



snapped the shutter just before he had to 
give in. As he and the canoe shot 
through this nairow channel the bottom 
of the river dropped out and his legs trail- 
ed out behind like ribbons, the canoe 
turned broadside to the current and for a 
moment it looked as though it would 
swamp but somehow the Professor got 
ashore with the rope and the danger was 
passed. He was wet from head to foot 
but what seemed to make him mad was 
that some matches which he had put in- 
side his hat for safety had gotten wet. 

Toward noon the character of the sur- 
rounding country and of the river bed 
convinced us that we were through the 
mountains. The banks of the river were 
low and the surrounding country was cut 



CAXOEIXG OX LAKE SUPERIOR 



171 



over. We passed a number of roUways 
which had not been broken out and short- 
ly after lunch we found a boom of logs 
across the stream and below it a saw m;ll 
stood idle on the bank. We were obliged 
• to unload and lift the canoe and ci-.tfii; 
over the boom and this was our firs: and 
only portage. A group of cottages, a road 
which crossed the river below the mill, 
and a small clearing were here but we saw 
no inhabitants although all the cottages 
seemed to be occupied. As we passed on 
the river grew more sluggish, the rapids 
dwindled to small gravel riffles, and the 
water seemed less clear. At three o'clock 
we camped on our third sand bar, tired 
and sore, but satisfied that we had at last 
reached lake level. 

On the following morninsr shortlv 



We had scared up other flocks before 
and they seemed to have sense enough to 
go ashore and hide in the bushes while 
we passed ; not so with this flock for at 
every bend they would scurry away with 
a great racket. For ten or twelve miles 
this continued and all morning long they 
dashed our hopes of seeing game on the 
river by the alarming noise they made. 
Toward noon it grew apparent they were 
about tired out and we began to wonder 
if fatigue would oblige them to resort to 
a trick which good sense should have dic- 
tated long before. It did, for one of their 
flights brought them in sight of a high- 
way bridge under which they seemed 
loath to go, and so cut off in front from 
further progress they hid under some wil- 
lows. We passed quite close to them and 




. Here and there great boulders appeared. 



after starting we flushed some ducks 
which acted as pace makers and gave us 
no end of amusement. On rounding the 
first bend below camp a large flock, chap- 
eroned by an old one, scurried away ahead 
of us in great alarm. I say "scurried" 
because no other word seems to describe 
their motion. Their wings did not seem 
quite strong enough to lift their bodies 
clear of the water so their method of pro- 
gress was half flight and half swim. They 
seemed to convert their bodies into a sort 
of a hydroplane and with feet and wings 
to propel them they made astonishing 
progress and great noise. As soon as 
they would round a bend they would rest 
only to resume the ridiculous performance 
as soon as we appeared. 



no sooner had we done so than they pop- 
ped up from the water on all sides of us 
and made a masterly though precipitous 
retreat with the old one in the van the 
very picture of complacent generalship. 

The river changed, the country grew 
settled, we heard the tinkle of cow- 
bells in the brush, and now and then a 
boat moored to the bank indicated the 
presence of settlers. The water grew 
slack and dirty, snags and water-soaked 
logs appeared in the stream, we felt the 
nearness of the lake. 

The river wound in and out of a broad, 
low valley and at every turn we expected 
to see the lake. It was two hours after 
lunch when we made our last bend and 
saw the river flow out between its banks 



172 



ROD AXD GUN IX CANADA 




, . . And offered us a tow. 

into a haze where neither hills nor trees 
nor horizon appeared and then we knew 
we were at the lake. A few minutes 
later we too became a part of this haze 
and, with a gentle swell lifting the canoe, 
we turned into Goulais Bay and saw be- 
fore us Lake Superior — gray with mist 
and heavy with that mysterious silence 
which at once repels and attracts. 

We soon made camp in an open grove 
of birches and small balsams and as we 
were to spend a day here w^e took pains 
to make things comfortable. The blank- 
ets were sunned, a supply of wood was 
cut, a thick bed of spruce boughs was 
spread, the camp range and back logs 
were arranged to last, and then and not 
until then, we found comfortable seats 
on the beach and talked over the events 
of the day and planned for the future. 

In spite of the fact that we were to 
spend the day in camp we were abroad 
early Sunday morning. The weather 
looked threatening but we defied it soon 



after breakfast by doing our washing. 
The beach along the bay was splendid 
and the Professor, who got in first, an- 
nounced that the water was fine and 
started to wade toward the opposite 
shore. The bottom was hard packed 
sand and sloped so gently that he was 
out of earshot before the water came to 
his waist. He came back somewhat dis- 
concerted and stated that if we wanted 
to swim we would have to go out in the 
boat; this we did later on and found that 
we had to go out a good half mile to get 
over our depth. We also did stunts with 
the boat ; and it is astonishing what dare 
devil feats can be performed in a canoe 
w^hen there is no concern about being 
capsized. 

We celebrated our arrival at the lake 
with a mighty dinner and were forced to 
eat it in the tent on account of a squall 
of rain. The storm passed quickly, how- 
ever, and we spent the afternoon on the 
beach going over our maps and planning 
about where we would make future 
camps and in writing some cards which 
we hoped to mail at Goulais on the mor- 
row\ The inactivity of the day coupled 
with our mighty dinner made us rather 
groggy and we retired early hoping for 
a day favorable enough to allow us to 
reach Rudderhead Point for our next 
camp. ■ 

]*kIonday morning, August 9th, we left 
our pleasant beach and headed across 
the open bay toward the little fishing vil- 
lage which we could just make out on 
the shore opposite. The sun was just 
looking over the hills through which the 
river had taken us and the last floating 
wisps of fog were dissolving as we left. 
The wind seemed quiet enough when we 
started but as we progressed we could 
feel the waves picking up ; we were glad 
enough to watch the outlines of the vil- 
age grow plain for it is not wise to be 
a'broad in the open lake with only five 
inches of freeboard. 

We drew up alongside a Mackinaw 
schooner moored to the dock and found 
some Indians preparing to go out in her. 
We had a pleasant chat with them dur- 
ing the course of which they expressed 
great astonishment that we should at- 
tempt to reach Michipicoten in "dat lit- 



CAXOEIXG ON LAKE SUPERIOR 



173 



tie boat" and they assured us that they 
considered it "pretty dangerous". The 
mail, they explained, was called for twice 
a week and was taken out by road so we 
left our cards with them. Shortly after 
leaving them they overhauled us and of- 
fered us a tow, they said they were going 
about fifteen miles up the coast and we 
were obliged to explain that we had to 
hug the shore before they could under- 
stand why we declined their offer. 

Beyond the point we could see long 
lines of white caps breaking over the 
reef and we were a trifle anxious to know 
what it was like outside. The Mack- 
inaw boat gave us the answer for as soon 
as she cleared the point she began to 
pitch and roll and when we saw the 
course she took we were glad enough 
that we were not in tow. A few min- 
utes after we cleared the point ourselves 
and found the lake was ready for us with 
a boisterous greeting. 

Once out of the shelter of the shore 
we found a northwest wind abroad and 
after a half hour of exciting work we 
concluded we had better land. The ca- 
noe was behaving splendidly and not 
once did we ship water but the sea was 
rising, a head wind was blowing, and 
our progress was slow and somewhat 
risky. So the Professor turned the bow 
shorewai^ds and we headed into a fine 
surf on a boulder shore. When about 
twenty feet from shore we concluded that 
our chances of being smashed against a 
rock by a sea were too good so we went 
overboard and waded ashore with the 
boat. 

We were disappointed at having to 
stop, as it was only nine o'clock, but as 
we were not taking any risks we con- 
cluded that we had done the wiser thing 
and we hoped that the sea would go 
down enough to allow us to get on. We 
explored the woods, examined the rocks, 
and loafed about until noon ; we were 
then forced to admit that the sea was 
higher and the wind no less. After 
lunch we regretfully gave up hope of 
going on and found a place to camp. 
We cleared a little space in a birch grove 
near the water and the sight of the tent 
in the trees and the charming view 




■ , . . throuirh the birches, 

through the birches put us in a better 
humor. Late in the afternoon a steam 
yacht put into the bay for shelter and 
we felt consoled to a degree, but the fact 
that we had only nine miles to our credit 
still rankled as we went to sleep with the 
surf booming in our ears. 

The sun was just looking over the hills 
behind camp when the Professor made 
for the lake with his towel and his 
triumphant shout settled my doubts 
about the weather. The lake was one 
vast undulating plain ; and as we cleared 
the point after breakfast the long swell 
gave an exhilarating motion to the canoe 
which made paddling a delight. Under 
the stimulation of the fine crisp air our 
paddles dipped and flashed in great form 
and the shore flowed by with gratifying 
speed. We soon came abreast of Maple 
Island and with it we picked up a stiffish 
head wind. Our speed was considerably 
slackened and we were surprised to find 
how far we had gone when we stopped 
to rest. A rest from hard labor is always 



174 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



refreshing, but there is nothing to com- 
pare with the sensation of straightening 
out one's knees after three hours of canoe- 
ing. It is the only real luxury. 

After a short rest we paddled on to 
Rudderhead Point and on into Batcha- 
wana Bay. We had planned to follow the 
shoreline of the bay and to go behind 
the island which lies at its entrance rath- 
er than risk the open water between the 
points. But as we rested on our paddles 
at the south point and looked across the 
open stretch lying smooth and unruffled 




Tha chango in tho country grew marked. 

this seemed an unnecessary waste of time 
and energy. We gazed long and earnest- 
ly at the sky. the lake, the shore and each 
other; we then burst out laughing, for 
we both realized that the only obstacle 
to cutting across was our vow to hug the 
shore. 

So we lit our pipes and started. The 
disadvantage of crossing open water is 
the disheartening conviction that the dis- 
tant shore is floating awav ; and while it 



is no more work to paddle in open water 
than along shore comparatively short dis- 
tances seem to take a disproportionate 
amount of energy. We had already pad- 
dled twelve miles against a wind and 
were a trifle tired when we started and 
we were not three miles out when the 
change in the weather made us realize 
that we would have to work. There was 
nothing in the wind or the waves at the 
time to alarm us, but shortly the wind 
freshened, the sea picked up, and before 
we knew it a squall was upon us. Every 
ounce of strength went into each stroke ; 
we wasted no more words, and save for 
the solitary comment from the Professor 
that "yon distant shore is coy," we made 
that passage in silence. When we finally 
beached the canoe on the crest of a big 
sea and pulled it up out of reach of the 
waves we solemnly struck hands and 
vowed to take no more short cuts. 

After a lunch and a rest we cleared a 
space in the woods for the tent just north 
of the lighthouse and later we paddled 
down the bay to the wharf. We expected 
to find a village and a post-office, but be- 
yond the wharf and a few scattered' 
shacks we found nothing. After wan- 
dering about in hope of meeting some 
one who might give us some information 
about the place we finally knocked at the 
door of the most likely looking house near 
the wharf. The door was opened by a 
very pleasant woman, who explained that 
the village was across the bay at the 
Hudson Bay Post. She very kindly in- 
vited us to come in and do whatever 
writing we wished and oft'ered to mail our 
letters on the steamer. Her house was- 
unattractive enough from without, but 
its interior was as neat and tidy as one 
could wish. In the course of our stay 
she volunteered the information that she 
was the wife of the fish agent and that 
they remained only during the season ; 
she also told us that she usually had one 
or two boarders who came into the b.'.y 
to fish, but that so far but few fishermen 
had come there that season. 

After returning to camp we !iad our 
supper and then paddled up to the Cor- 
bay Point lighthouse to call upon the 
keeper. We found a magnificent old In- 
dian and his wife there and with thenv 



77iec?^o /^ 



py-^c/X /*///^<S6 






Cc>/:)per'y^/ne F^ 



Cordac^ Pf 




M/^;f j/7 Pf 



/^r7^/an /j. 



p//?/f<^f/^/l /5hc/ 






We passed Coppermine light. 



were staying a gentleman from Cincin- 
nati and his guide. The keeper of the 
light appeared to be about sixty years 
old with a face full of character and a 
frame of a giant. He took us up to see 
his light and we found it and the living 
rooms we had to traverse to reach it spot- 
lessly clean. He conversed with us 
pleasantly in English and expressed great 
interest in our trip. We talked about the 
weather, the fishing, and the country 
thereabout, while the sun sank lower and 
lower toward the lake. After its glow- 
ing ball had disappeared below the hori- 
zon the old man stretched out a long, 
lean arm toward the southwest where a 
point of light pricked the gathering dusk 
and said, "See, Whitefish Point." Twenty 
miles away it was, and the guiding star 
of many a ship which carries within its 
ugly hull the backbone of the nation. 
The gentleman from Cincinnati and his 



guide came in soon from their fishing, 
bringing two fine trout. They told us 
that the fishing in the lake had been 
poor and that they had seen twelve rods 
fish the day before without getting a 
rise. They blamed it on the weather 
and were hoping for a better day on the 
morrow. As we said good night to them 
the old Indian made all our hearts glad by 
announcing — after a careful survey of 
the sky — "A fine day tomorrow, no 
wind." I shall long remember his strong 
kindly face and the wonderful view I had 
from his lighthouse. 

In the morning we cleared Corbay 
Point before the people at the light were 
astir, and we were gratified to find the 
lake quiet after the blow, and a gentle 
southwest wind to help us on our way. 
We turned deep into Pancake Bay and 
followed the shoreline to a point on trie 
north side where we landed ro rest and 




After a lunch at Theano Point. 



Canoeing on lake superior 



m 



explore. The waves of the day before 
had left the beach hard and smooth, and 
we found innumerable deer tracks lead- 
ing out from the timber in all directions, 
and at several points the edge of the bank 
had been worn down into a trail. 

As we continued our journey the 
change in the country and the charac- 
ter of the shore grew very marked. 
Level spots grew less frequent, the trees 
drew back from the water, and the bare 
rocks thrust themselves out into the lake 
in rugged points ; here and there great 
boulders appeared rising out of the lake 
like the bald domes of giants' heads. 
Whiskey Rock was the most picturesque 
of these small islands and as we came in 
sight of it we could see that it was white 
with terns. Always when we came in 



a part of the crew just breaking out the 
last rollways and cleaning up camp. At 
Mamainse we found some genial fisher- 
men who came down to the old dilapi- 
dated wharf to inspect us; they had just 
finished cleaning the day's catch and 
were ready for a visit. They told us 
that the station was about to be abandon- 
ed and that it had been allowed to go to 
seed, a fact which was amply proved by 
the appearance of the place. 

While talking with them we all had 
much amusement in watching the terns 
quarreling over the fish offal which had 
been dumped on the beach. A great 
flock of them swirled and eddied over- 
head, while another flock screamed and 
gobbled and fought for the choice mor- 
sels. Often one would swoop dowri 




the river disappeared in the heart of tho hills. 



sight of these roosting places, "a delega- 
tion of prominent citizens," as the Pro- 
fessor named them, came out to meet us. 
They would fly quite close and resting 
above us on almost motionless wings 
they would turn their inquisitive eyes 
this way and that for a better view. When 
satisfied that we had nothing to eat they 
would fly back to the rocks screaming 
with scorn at such a craft as ours. It 
was always a delight to watch these 
birds and the wonder of their graceful 
flight never grew less. 

Toward noon we passed Coppermine 
light and near it we saw a crew of lumb- 
ermen with a tug establishing a new 
camp. Shortly after we turned into the 
little fish station at Mamainse and found 



from above to seize a morsel from the 
mouth of another whereupon there would 
ensue a real tug of war which was usu- 
ally ended by the intervention of a third 
bird who escaped with the prize. They 
seemed more intent upon robbing each 
other than they did in finding morsels for 
themselves but at the end of a half hour 
they flew away leaving the beach picked 
clean. Everything considered it certain- 
ly was a most efficient garbage disposal 
plant. 

The fishermen took great interest in 
our trip and their respect for us grew 
when they learned whence we came and 
whither we were bound. They seemed 
much more intelligent than the men 
whom we met at Batchawana and they 



178 ROD AXD GUN IN CANADA 

talked intelligently about the country, tion, and it heartened us. 
the prospecting for mineral which was We found the spot which had been 
being done, the proposed railway, and recommended for a camp and made a 
the lumber interests. We left some landing in a natural slip formed by two 
cards for them to mail on the steamer long points of rock. After making camp 
and as we paddled away they wished us we had an ice cold bath and early sup- 
good luck and advised us to camp about per and when we turned in it was still 
three miles north. We passed a Mack- twilight. We estimated that we had 
inaw boat sailed by a fine looking old made eighteen miles and that we were 
fellow with a ruddy face and white whisk- camped forty-four miles from the mouth 
ers ; he called us a greeting and a ques- of the Goulais River. With good weath- 
tion and the light that came into his eyes er favoring us we planned to make our 
as he learned what we were doing was next camp at Montreal River twenty 
the light of understanding and apprecia- miles north. 



THE LURE OF THE WILD. 

BY FREDERICK WILLIAM WALLACE. 

I am sick of the desk and the business, and the ring of the telephone — 

And the sight of the work before me, in this prison of iron and stone, 

I am tired of shaving and cleaning, and the feel of a collar and tie. 

Ye Gods, if I stand it much longer, I'll crawl in a hole, and die. 

I am tired of being civil, and sick of being polite. 

And bored with entertaining, and talking half the night. 

I am weary of having my boots shined, and of saying "How d'ye do ?" 

I'll break for the bush and shake them all — the sordid, conventional crew. 

Oh, I'm off for the woods to-night, lads, and I'm going to go alone. 

For I'm sick at heart and weary, and worked right down to the bone. 

It's me for the camp in the silence, and the night wind thro' the trees, 

And the reek of the scented wood-smoke, as it floats on the evening breeze. 

Pack me the old blue shirt, lads, with the belt and the corduroy. 

Give me the old jack boots, lads, my gun, and the "Oil of Joy," 

For I'm trailing into the bush, boys, where the trees close in behind 

The sordid life of the city — where a man lives the life of the blind. 

Have you heard the winds on the Lakes, boys, and the whine in the tall pine 

trees, 
As it fills the bellying canvas, and rolls her down to the breeze ? 
Have ye smelt the tang of the powder, as the game old buck drops down ? 
This is the cure for my soul, lads, — to H — with your life in the town. 
Give me the plunge in the river — in the waters cool and blue, 
Instead of your lick in a bathroom, with its marble and nickel, too. 
Let me chaw on my grub where it meets me, to the deuce with the silver 

and spoons, 
And smoke my pipe by the firelight, while the frogs croak mystic runes. 
This is the life for the weary, this is the life for a man. 
Dress and go where it suits you, for nobody cares a damn, 
I can sleep when I like, and eat when I like, and smoke all day if I choose, 
So, tonight I will hike for the backwoods, with my wanderlust to lose. 
So long, boys, I am going, and there's devil a tear in my eye. 
I've burned my glad rags and linen, and torn up my collar and tie. 
I've thrown my dip in the ashpan, and cast my cuft's in the fire. 
And I'm outward bound for the backwoods, and the Land of Mv Heart's Desire. 




A Tumult of Bapids. 



Near to the Heart of Nature 

A Walking Trip Over the Mountainous Tracts of British Columbia in which the 
Fishing and the Outing Furnished Supreme Enjoyment. 



ELKO is situated on the Crow's Xest 
Pass Branch of the Canadian Paci- 
fic Railway in British Cohimbia. 
It is the centre of one of those de- 
lig'htful localities one discovers here and 
there in the Rockies. The place has been 
designated "The Queen of the Pass"; and 
fittingly, for nowhere along the Valley 
is there another spot so favored from a 
scenic point of view. The nearby hills, 
carpeted with grass and clothed in ever- 
greens are more attractive to the eye than 
any others in that district. Beyond these, 
to the east, rises the huge bulk of Baldy. 
the highest mountain in the vicinity; to 
the north the rocky peak of Elko ^loun- 
tain juts into the clouds. Westward the 
Pass widens into a beautiful, park-like 
country sparsely timbered with mountain 
pine. A picturesque wagon road winds 
southward to the Montana border, twen- 
ty-five miles away, following for about 
half the distance the course of the Elk 
River. 



This stream, with its rapids, falls and 
canyon, is the chief thing of interest at 
Elko. Opposite the village it is broad, 
shallow and swift flowing ; a little lower 
it narrows and becomes a tumult of rap- 
ids which rage between walls of rock be- 
fore pouring over three small cataracts. 
After the final plunge the waters enter 
the great rock-walled basin from which 
they flow into the widening canyon be- 
yond. 

The river at this point is well supplied 
with trout. Good sport is to be had both 
above and below the town for miles in 
either direction. The Mecca of the exact- 
ing angler, however, is the South Fork, 
where finny beauties abound and excep- 
tional catches are made. This branch lies 
ten miles to the south-east. 

The surrounding region is a sports- 
man's paradise. Deer, both whitetail 
and mule, are plentiful. On Baldy, half 
a dozen miles away, Rocky Mountain 
sheep are taken during the season ; bears- 



180 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



roam within a few miles of the hamlet; 
mountain lions are occasionally seen in 
the neighborhood, and grouse may be had 
for very little hunting. Now and again an 
eagle takes toll of domestic fowl and 
coyotes and gophers are in evidence. 

The writer had the good fortune to 
spend the summer of 1909 at "Elko the 
Beautiful." There he met Gilbert, one 
of "the race that don't fit in." Reared in 
the Old Land, this young man's roving 
nature asserted itself at the age of seven- 
teen, when he took leave of the friends 
and scenes of his boyhood, and shipped to 
British Guiana. The next few years of his 
life were spent beneath the sunny skies of 
the Tropics, till failing health, brought 
on by the malarious conditions existent 
there, prompted him to move to the Cana- 
dian Northwest. There he sojourned un- 
til the spring of 1909, when he moved up 
into the hills. 

Beneath a bantering exterior I discov- 
ered ere long a congenial soul, witty, en- 
ergetic, courageous ; fond of climbing, 
tramping, hunting and fishing; a man af- 
ter my own heart. Between he and I 
there soon developed a bond of comrade- 
ship which grew with better acquaint- 
ance, and many were the pleasant hours 
we spent together exploring the inviting 
region about us. 

After a number of shorter trips we de- 
cided that if sport at the South Fork were 
as good as it was represented to be, a 
visit was due ; and argued that even if 
the locality did not come up to the ex- 
pectations aroused by all we had heard of 
it, the country was new to us, and a trip 
would be worth while for its own sake. 
So we decided to go and see for our- 
selves. 

At this time there were a number of 
railroad men from the sun-kissed plains 
of Alberta camped at South Fork. On the 
day before that which we had decided 
upon for our trip the party broke up 
and returned to civilization at Elko. 
Seated at luncheon with several of these 
men, I mentioned after listening to an 
account of their exploits, that myself and 
a friend intended walking over for the 
sake of the tramp, and incidentally to try 
our luck with the trout. 



"When do you intend going?" asked 
one of them. 

"We are going in the morning, and 
coming back tomorrow evening," I re- 
plied. 

"Why, you couldn't walk over there in 
half a day!" exclaimed the railroad man, 
with a laugh in which his companions 
joined. 

"How far is it?" I enquired. 

"Ten miles." 

"Oh well, that's not far," I remarked. 

"No, but in some places that trail 
goes straight up hill." he warned. 

"We're used to that," I assured him. 

The prairie men evidently looked upon 
the trip as an undertaking of considerable 
magnitude, for us; being ignorant of the 
fact that we were both in good training 
and enjoyed strenuous outings. When I 
mentioned their warning to Gilbert, he 
suggested that they had "judged the book 
by the cover." 

At night we packed our lunches, replen- 
ished our stock of flies and made prepara- 
tions for an early start. Next morning 
before six I proceeded to Gilbert's place 
of abode to take breakfast with him, and 
found my friend busily engaged preparing 
the meal, a work at which he exhibited 
considerable adeptness. In a few min- 
utes, when everything was in readiness, 
we sat down and ate with appetites in- 
cidental to youth and health. 

At twenty past six, having satisfied 
the inner man, we took up our packs and 
stepped out into the freshness of a late 
August morning. And such a morning! 
Cool, even to chilliness; all Nature calm 
and fresh as from the hand of the Creator. 
After crossing the pack-bridge, we 
chose to climb the high bank before us 
rather than follow the course of the trail 
which swung to the north for several 
hundred yards, and then zig-zagged up 
the hill side after the fashion of moun- 
tain paths. The short, stifT climb warm- 
ed us, and we proceeded at a brisk walk. 
The view was well worth seeing. To the 
right, and below us. were the falls the 
roar of which, in the early morning still- 
ness, seemed of much more than ordinary 
volume. Beyond the third cataract the 
canyon stretched away into the distance. 



NEAR TO THE HEART OF NATURE 



181 



We had not before had the opportunity 
of seeing- it to such advantage. The red 
granite stones, the huge boulders, an J the 
evergreens sprouting here and there out 
of the rocky walls combined to make a 
setting of rare beauty for the river which 
rushed along on its journey southward, 
with occasional patches of white showing 
plainly against the green where rapids 
broke the surface of the water. 

Further on, as the trail led upwards, 
the character of the canyon changed. In- 
stead of the rugged, uneven walls of the 
first canyon we came out above the broad- 
er portion where the smooth walls of yel- 
low rock rose precipitously to the level of 
the higher ground. Away below the 
stream hurried onward, and at intervals, 
beside the water's edge, small groves of 
hardy mountain trees found sustenance 
among the rocks strewn about. Seen un- 
der such ideal conditions, the scenery 
would gladden the soul of an artist. Each 
rod of trail brought into view some new- 
beauty and, being in a responsive mood, 
many were the exclamations of pleasure 
which rose to our lips as we tramped 
along. 

After following the river a few miles 
the trail strikes east and leads across an 
expanse of comparatively level country 
dotted with pine and tamarack trees of 
small size. To the left, beyond Silver 
Spring Lakes loomed the side of Baldy, 
and in the north lay Elko Mountain with 
its long green slopes and rock slides, and 
the towering peak which we had a short 
time before spent a day in climbing. This 
portion of the way seemed unnecessarily 
tortuous, so much so that Gilbert was 
inspired to express the opinion that the 
man who first went over it must have 
been in a condition \Vhich rendered him 
unable to travel in a direct course. 

When we had been out about two hours 
it was decided to have refreshments, so 
we seated ourselves in the tall, rank grass 
by the trail side and partook of an orange 
each. This fruit, because it served as 
both food and drink, was always included 
amongst the contents of our lunch bas- 
kets. 

On continuing our march we found the 
way even more crooked and winding than 




A Picturesque Wagon Road. 

that which we had covered. About ten 
a glimpse of the South Fork was obtained 
through the thick foliage of the trees, 
which reminded me of a bit of old Ontario 
woods. Presently the trail led along 
the brink of a steep decline, and in a quar- 
ter of an hour we came out on the bank 
above the river, where a twisting path 
descended to the level of the stream. 

The river, where the trail strikes it, 
overflows its banks in flood time for a 
distance of several rods on either side. 
All the land thus flooded is covered with 
stones of various colors which are wash- 
ed down from high up in the hills by the 
swift waters of the spring torrents. 
These stones are worn very smooth and 
vary in size from the tiniest pebbles to 
stones of considerable weight. Just 
above the high-water line is a brush-cov- 
ered hut, the home of a deaf hermit who 
spends most of the year in this secluded 
and beautiful spot. 

On arriving at our destination the first 



183 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



thought was, naturally, to have a try for 
trout. Unlimbering our rods we adjusted 
brown flies for the first attempt and got 
to work. At the third cast I struck a fair 
sized fish which came ashore after a lively 
fight. Gilbert was quite enthusiastic 
about this, the first of our catch; but I, 
accustomed to the gamey black bass of 
Ontario, did not feel particularly elated. 

A minute later an excited "I've got 
one!" proclaimed the fact that my com- 
panion had make a strike, and judging 
from the actions of the trout, it was a 
beauty. Dame Fortune, however, frown- 
ed upon Gilbert's endeavors, for although 
he had a most interesting struggle the fish 
escaped, taking his fly and a portion of 
the leader. My friend's discomfiture 
was great, and he voiced it in emphatic 
terms, as a man is tempted to do under 
such circumstances. Continuing up 
stream we fished with only fair success 
till lunch time, which, after the exertions 
of the morning, we had been anticipating 
with a good deal of interest. 

Being desirous of losing as little of our 
short allowance of time as would be com- 
patible with the importance of the pro- 
ceedings, Gilbert chose for our camping 
ground, a grassy plot near the water, on 
what in flood-time is an island. There 
we ate and enjoyed the plain fare of our 
lunc'hes as only those who frequent the 
great out-doors ever do. Lunch finished, 
we lighted our pipes and entered upon 
one of the most enjoyable sensations 
known to "mere men." What is there 
to equal the feeling of utter contentment 
that comes w^ith one pipe after a good 
meal under such conditions? We were 
una'ble to decide upon anything that did. 

After a short smoke — for him — Gilbert 
once more sought the stream. I, however, 
being less enthused over the joys of ang- 
ling, stretched full length on the grassy 
bank and lay in the comfortable warmth 
smoking and drowsily thinking. The sky 
w^as flecked with downy cloudlets. On 
the north Baldy towered high above, ris- 
ing at an angle of fifty degrees to half 
its height and then in a perpendicular 
wall of rock to the summit ; south 
the river murmured over its stony bot- 
tom, and the great hills rose beyond. The 



scenery was of a nature to inspire a mea- 
sure of awe in the thoughtful mind. 

How seldom a person experiences the 
degree of physical ease and mental peace 
which enwrapped me as I lay alone 
amidst those wald surroundings ! How 
remote the world and its petty cares 
seemed at that hour! And how insignifi- 
cant! At such times one sees the differ- 
ent phases of life in their true proportions 
and feels that surely there can be nothing 
about this fleeting existence worthy of 
any great amount of anxious concern. 

Having enjoyed an hour of bliss, the 
like of which a man knows only "about 
once in seven years" (to quote Gilbert) 
I took my tackle and followed him. By 
this time the sky had clouded over, and 
although we faithfully worked the pools 
for a mile or two few fish fell to our lot. 
Fortunately for our peace of mind, how- 
ever, we were both so constituted as to 
enjoy the scenery and solitude and that 
exhilaration of spirit which comes to the 
lover of nature with the life outdoors. 

About half past three o'clock we packed 
our fish and started homeward. On 
reaching the top of the slope above the 
river we were joined by two horsemen 
who had been farther up the stream ex- 
ploring and photographing. After an 
exchange of greetings we dropped in be- 
hind the horses and decided to use them 
as pace-makers. At first we were content 
to follow. Occasionally, on level pieces 
of ground the horses would distance us 
and be lost to view for minutes at a time. 
Then a rough stretch would be encounter- 
ed and their lead would diminish, for we 
made better time than they could where 
the going w^as hard. Presently we our- 
selves set the pace. 

On trips of this kind men have impress- 
ed upon them the fact that it pays to 
use head-work, even in connection with 
such an everyday matter as walking. 
They realize after a few hours in a moun- 
tainous country that it requires less ener- 
gy to step or swing one's leg over a log or 
stone, than it does to jump on to it and 
down again on the other side ; that every 
opportunity of cutting a corner is worth 
taking advantage of; that shifting the 
pack occasionally w^ards off fatigue ; that 



NEAR TO THE HEART OF NATURE 



183 



to lope down a grade whenever the 
chance offers makes up for time lost in 
climbing the many slopes incidental to 
hill travelling, etc. These things we had 
already learnt. 

On this occasion we were in fine fettle 
and, the country favoring us, we had at 
the end of an hour a comfortable lead. 
On arrival at the juncture of the South 
Fork trail with that running parallel 
with the main stream, we stopped for 
a fifteen minute breathing spell, finished 
our oranges and enjoyed the panorama 
spread before us — canyon, mountain and 
plain ; a sight to stir the soul of even 
tired humanity. Here our pace-makers 
again assumed the lead, which they main- 
tained for the remaining three miles of 
the trip, arriving in Elko a few minutes in 
advance of us. 

We were, of course, dusty and some- 
what tired, but delighted with the outing. 
Besides, we were still boys enough to be 
happy in the realization that we had cov- 
ered the distance on foot in two and a 



quarter hours, which I believe is a record 
for that tramp. 

At dinner that evening one of the 
horsemen expressed surprise at the gait 
we had travelled, and confessed that he 
and his companion had expected to beat 
us in by an hour. Evidently they had not 
considered the character of the country 
to be crossed, or had overlooked the fact 
that the fourfooted animal is at a dis- 
advantage on the rough ground. 

Although on the occasion of which I 
write we got few trout, it should be re- 
membered that we fished only during 
mid-day, which is not the best time. Lat- 
er in the season friends of ours made 
catches of exceptionally fine fish in such 
numbers as to quite uphold the reputa- 
tion of the South Fork as a great trout 
stream. 

It might be mentioned that in the vic- 
inity of this branch the best deer hunting 
the region affords is to be had. The writ- 
er has followed well beaten trails for 
hours along the adjacent hills. 




Photo by R. L. Fortt. 



A NOVEL PEECH. 
No. 2 looks to be a pessimist. 



Mr. Joseph Vance and His Wild Animal Pets 

Mr. Vance's Pet Minks— PART HI. 



BY W. A. BRADLEY, B.A. 



ON the farm adjacent to Mr. Vance 
lived one, Henry Weicher, a 
sportsman of no mean order, and 
genial companion of Mr. Vance. 
Many were the deer hunts they had to- 
gether, and many the wild animals that 
fell victims to their ingenuity. 

A nice spring creek flowed through 
Weicher s farm where minks were plenti- 
ful and after much consultation the two 
companions decided to go into the busi- 
ness of raising minks. So at a favorable 
spot on the north end of Weicher s farm 
they set to work and widened the creek so 



then trapped half a dozen minks and put 
them into the minkery. At first they 
were not successful in their venture, as 
the houses they built for the minks were 
not suitable. These houses were boxes 
sunk in the ground and many of the 
young minks died when about a month 
old. But experience is the best teacher 
and so, after due consideration and much 
thought, they devised a better house for 
the minks. They got a few loads of 
twelve foot fence rails and laid one row 
of rails on the ground about six inches 
apart, then they put another row of rails 




Th* Mink. 



as to make a nice pond suita'ble for minks. 
They dug a trench three feet deep around 
the pond leaving a margin of ground a- 
bout twenty feet wide on each side of 
the pond. Into the trench they put ced- 
ar planks standing them on end closely 
together and covering them with stove 
pipe iron on the inside about five feet 
high to keep the minks from climbing 
out. The planks formed a tight enclos- 
ure around the pond, and stood about 
eight feet above the ground. The trench 
was then filled in tightly around the bot- 
tom of the planks. Screens large enough 
to let the fish pass through, and not large 
enough to let the minks out, were put in- 
to the stream where the water flowed in- 
to and out of the enclosure. Mr. Vance 



on top of these at right angles to those 
below and so on tier by tier until 
their rail structures were about two 
and a half feet high. Then they covered 
the structures with clay two feet deep, 
thus completing substantial and altogeth- 
er desirable houses for their stock. In 
these curiously constructed mounds the 
minks bred and prospered. Minks are 
polygamous and raise from four to six 
young at a litter in the months of March 
and April. They like a warm nest and 
line it nicely with thistle down and dead 
grass There were many small fish in 
the pond when they had their enclos- 
ure completed, but the minks devoured 
all the fish that were in it, and all that 
dared to venture in. Then Mr. Vance 



MR. JOSEPH VANCE AND HIS WILD ANIMAL PETS 



185 



and his companion used to catch Suckers, 
sometimes by the bushel, and put them 
into the pond, but the minks were so 
fond of fish that they soon ate all that 
could be collected for them. After that 
the mink breeders began feeding them 
with flesh and liver. They were particu- 
larly fond of the latter. And when Mr. 
Vance or his companion went into the 
enclosure and called the minks, they 
would come out of the mounds and round 
the feet of the visitor like a flock of chick- 
ens, expecting something to eat. So 
tame did many of them become that if 
Mr. Vance went into the enclosure and 
held out a piece of liver in his extended 



coat of fur, effecting a judicious thinning. 

Mr. Vance and his companion follow- 
ed the mink raising business for five years 
and made a good profit out of their ven- 
ture, though the price of mink skins at 
that time was not half of what it is at 
present. They considered that the pleas- 
ure they had out of the enterprise amply 
repaid them for all the trouble they took 
with these animals. 

They might have continued in the busi- 
ness longer but Mr. Weicher sold his 
farm, and as his successor had no use for 
anything of that kind — for he contended 
that cedar rails were never intended to 'be 
used for the purpose of building houses 




The Minks' Holiday. 



hand the minks would run up his leg and 
out on his arm to get at the coveted food, 
and often the eagerness of some to get 
there first was so keen that they disputed 
and fought with each other for first place. 
If the liver was held about two feet from 
the ground they would jump and bite 
off a mouthful and if one got its teeth 
imbedded in the liver and could not bite 
off the mouthful it had seized it would 
hang on until the liver was lowered to 
the ground. Every fall the large male 
minks were selected and killed and also 
the others that were possessed of a good 



for minks and that he could find a better 
use for them, and that cedar boards could 
be put to a better use than protecting ani- 
mals that killed hens and chickens — the 
minkery was destroyed, though Mr. 
Vance would have continued the business 
had the stream been on his own farm. 

For years there seemed to be a pecul- 
iar attraction for minks to that place. If 
there was one in the vicinity it would 
make its way to the abandoned minkery 
and for five years after it was destroyed 
Mr. Vance trapped a great many each 
year around that spot. 




Clearing Out a Creek. 



c 



Trips in T 



anoe i rips 



emagami 



BY FRASER RANEY. 



LAKE Temagami, which gives ^ts 
name to Ontario's most famous 
forest reserve, is coming to its 
own as the peer of the world's 
health-giving regions — the Mecca of all 
who seek the wilderness for their sum- 
mer rest. To those who still know it 
not, these few random fire-ranger's 
gleanings are dedicated. 

Three hundred miles due north from 
Toronto, Temagami is only thirty hours 
from Boston and twenty-four from New 
York or Chicago. Until the last four or 
five years, it has remained comparatively 
unknown. Now the railway skirts the 
eastern arm of the lake ; steamers ply 
daily thence to Bear Island and Lady 
Evelyn, and with the perfume of pine and 
balsam and spruce and Indian-tanned 
deer hide is already mingled the odor of 
burnt gasoline. 

But the motor boat stops at the por- 
tages. Beyond is the exclusive domain 
of the tent and the paddle. To the north 
of Temagami are Diamond and Lady 
Evelyn Lakes, the latter widely pro- 
claimed to be one of the most beautiful 



on the continent ; to the northwest Ob- 
ab-i-ka and \\'ak-im-i-ka ; to the west 
Emerald and Gull; to the south. Cross 
and Devil's, and many others of lesser 
note though not of lesser beauty. Our 
shack and headquarters were on an is- 
land in Ob-ab-i-ka, and thence with light 
tent and a sixteen footer we ranged, in 
the course of the summer to the four 
corners of the Reserve, over two thou- 
sand miles by canoe. 

Ob-ab-i-ka is one of the most accessible 
and one of the most beautiful lakes in the 
constellations about Temagami. But 
each has its own individuality. In soli- 
tude all are alike, in their pine girt shores, 
and their rocky islets, but each is in the 
last analysis, itself alone, and holds the 
imagination by its own distinctive charm. 
The rock cliffs of Emerald Lake and its 
bright green water, the low reedy shores 
of Grassy Lake where moose abound, the 
bold palisades of Gull Lake, the wide 
expanse of Mountain Lake, and its som- 
bre blue guardian — none are duplicated. 

From every little lake portages lead 
to others ; each valley has its rocky creek 



CAXOE TRIPS TX TF.MAC.AMI 



187 



bed ; every creek its source, perhaps it is 
a mere "moose pond," but perhaps — and 
then you experience all the joy of dis- 
covery — a mile or two each way of shin- 
ing- lake with beaver houses on the shore 
and hundreds of white birch saplings 
round the margin under the water, where 
they were felled by the industrious but 
rather wasteful tenants. Wak-im-i-ka 
Lake for example, is reached from the 
south after poking through six miles of a 
swift flowing serpentine creek whose 
branching alders have to be thrust aside 
to allow the canoe to glide through ; Ko- 
Ko-Ko Lake is drained by a narrow rivu- 
let winding among logs and under the 
boulders of a partially dried up bed. 

And so it is all over. Once when 
looking for a forest fire just north of 
Ob-ab-i-ka Bay, whose column of smoke 
we could see over the tree tops three or 
four miles inland, we stumbled upon a 
beautiful chain of lakes leading right to 
the fire itself. The Indians said we were 
the first white men to take a canoe over 
that route. There is just enough land 
in Temagami to go around the lakes. 
Even the Indians, it is said do not know 
them all. 

Temagami also boasts several fine riv- 
ers, swift and meandering, full of snags, 
rocky rapids, abrupt turns and watertalls, 
unsuspected till the brink is reached. 
The once 'charming Montreal River has 
lost its original beauty. Xow steamei's 
pass, almost hourly 
on the way to Latch- 
ford or Elk Lake 
City, and an army of 
miners, prospectors 
and adventurers sur- 
ges back and forth to 
the Gowganda silver 
fields. Even the por- 
tages have tramways 
over them and there 
are mining shacks 
here and there where 
the ground is high 
enough to build on. 
In Spring the lum- 
bermen drive their 
pulpwood logs along 
the river's whole 
length ; its bank are 



drowned by the mill dams below ; 
its water is foul and muddy. In fact 
this part of the district, though pictur- 
esque in its own way, has passed beyond 
the campers' realm. 

The other chief river of the Reserve is 
the Sturgeon reaching almost from Gow- 
ganda (Big Pickerel) to far ofif Lake 
Xipissing, to which it was once an 
Indian highway. But even the "H. B. 
C." has deserted that on<:e well used 
route since the railway has come. The 
lower part of the river has been log 
driven like the Montreal; deserted lum- 
ber camps still exist as far north as the 
Reserve, but the banks of the Sturgeon 
are not "drowned," — steamers and board 
shacks are both absent and the region 
for scenery and game cannot be surpass- 
ed. 

Around one of its many wide-angled 
turns we came one day upon a magnifi- 
cent bull moose feeding on the river 
grass not fifty feet away. At first 
he just raised his ponderous head and 
stared, then as our canoe swung in clos- 
er he lumbered off through the bush. 
Xext moment as we drifted past ^he 
sandy point of the lower 'bend, still think- 
ing and talking about his fine spread, he 
burst upon our startled eyes from the 
bank ten feet above, himself confused by 
the deceptive bends of the river. We 
had a never to be forgotten glimpse of 
his towering strength as he stood there 




We Havo Callers, 



188 



ROD AXD GUN N CANADA 





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'jBofer- 'xllUj 


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HHb^^^h^ 


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mBH^SHS 


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f^^^^^ 


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.;'-^'*'%ji^ 

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^':2flL*.^. 


.- -_i^ 



On the Fiist Portage. 

a fraction of a second in wild surprise ; 
then turning he plunged into the river and 
swam tumultuously across our bow to 
disappear into the woods on the farther 
shore. 

A little farther a red doe had just come 
out of the woods to drink as we drifted 
noiselessly around a point. The camera 
snapped her. but the camera could not 
show her first startled lopk. her twitching 
ears, and pretty stamping forefoot, nor tell 
how gracefully she bounded into the un- 
der brush only to peer out curiously at us 
from behind the alders. On one high clay 
bank, a mink taken unawares, froze on 
our approach. Under another low over- 
hanging shore a skunk was quietly eating 
•grass, for all the world like a big tom 
«cat, and though we passed within fifteen 
feet, secure in his odiousness, he never 
even looked up. Bears we did not see, 
though it was our misfortune for thet 
are often seen along this route, especially 
when the berries are done and thev come 



out to fish for clams. And wolves — no 
one ever sees them in summer, but one 
whole night towards the end of August 
they howled in dismal 'chorus around our 
camp. 

There are several very pretty cascades 
in the Reserve. Mat-a-wa-'bi-ka is the 
most striking in the southern district. 
Rapids are very numerous and though it 
is often possible to shoot them in the 
Spring, later on through lack of sufficient 
water it becoimes too dangerous. Some, 
like Mountain Chutes on the Montreal, or 
the Ob-a-bi-ka rapids where the Ob-ab-i- 
ka river joins the Sturgeon, would always 
mean sure disaster. The route to Gow- 
ganda is full of rapids and falls whether 
one goes by way of the Montreal or the 
Lady Evelyn River, but this district is 
rather out of the line of tourist travel. 

It is a safe rule in the woods to watch 
and imitate the Indian. He will take the 
easiest and safest way. Thus the whole 
secret of portaging is to take time and 
patience to learn how to adjust your load, 
whether canoe or pack. An Indian when 
travelling by himself uses a false thwart 
and tump line to carry his 'canoe if it is at 
all heavy. The former eases the strain 
on the paddles, which are otherwise liable 
to break ; the latter puts a good share of 
the weight on the head where it can most 
easily be borne. Observe the Indian's 
paddling stroke. It is short and snappy 
with a quick jerk on the end as he throws 
his whole body into the movement. 

Yet even a Chee-mo-ka-man (Big knife 
man) as he calls the tourist, can do won- 
ders in a very short time. To adjust 
the tump line on the pack, to make the 
headload proportionate to that on one's 
back, to dispose of the loose articles in 
compact easily portable parcels — these 
are scraps of that bush wisdom which is 
only fully acquired by experience. Many 
such scraps however, can be picked up 
even in a month's trip, if you watch the 
Indian. 

Temagami portages are on the whole 
in good shape. But a portage to be really 
bad must go through knot holes, and 
climb trees, or get lost in a muskeg. All 
the portages within the Reserve are pret- 
tv well used, some of course, much more 



CAXOE TRIPS IX TEMAGAMI 



189 



than others. Many of them of necessity 
are very rough and rockv because thev 
cross ridges between lakes or follovV 
creek beds. Do not imagine, however, 
as you are likely to do. that everv rock 
in the neighborhood has been ga'thered 
together for your particular benefit. Gen- 
erally the easiest trail possible has been 
selected and the levelest ground preferred. 
One had much better go prepared for 
rough walking, with hob-nailed boots or 
oil-tanned shoe packs, and plod over the 
portages as quickly as possible— and— as 
the Indians do — say nothing. 

Of all the portages in the Reserve, the 
hardest is perhaps that between Grassv 
and Devil's Lakes. How^ever that may 
be, and not disputing the rival claims oi 
several on the Lady Evelyn River, and 
the ones leading into Doherty Lake, the 
Grassy Lake portage is quite hard 
enough. Straight up a high steep hill 
it goes, slippery with pine needles, and 
smooth as the roof of a house, then down, 
down, almost a sheer drop sometimes, 
with loose rocks and broken crags to 
negotiate. Portages usually, however, 
follow the valleys, and when they are 
not perfectly plain, that is the place to 
look for them. Every portage, like 
every lake, is unique, although it is seld- 
om that one pauses to take in the beauty 
of the landscape, with a heavy pack on 
his back. 

That between Diamond and Wak-im-i- 
ka for instance, passes through one of 
the wildest and boldest gorges in the 
country. At one moment the trail leads 
over smooth stretches like a city pave- 
ment, and the next you are hopping from 
boulder to boulder in the ravine, and still 
again breasting the underbrush of a thick 
woods. At the Upper Goose Falls on 
the Sturgeon River, there is a bit of truly 
wild and majestic scenery. After wad- 
ing, knee deep, up the shallow rapids be- 
low the falls, you paddle the last fifty 
yards in an eddy right up to the spray of 
the cataract, then, landing, you clamber 
up the rocks and carry your load right 
past the brink of the falls and "put in" 
off the smooth glacier-worn rocks just 
above where the waters begin their 
plunge. Long portages such as " the Five- 




"Tenderfoot" on tha Portage. 

mile" into Florence Lake from the Stur- 
geon River also have their charms — but 
— don't forget to take a rest occasionally. 
The Indian does it by putting the bow 
of his canoe up between two saplings 
close together. He saves the labor of 
throwing up the canoe when he moves 
on. 

An Indian trail through the woods is a 
study of Indian character in itself. Not 
an unnecessary tree is cut down, nor log 
removed. The red man seems to balance 
up the labor involved in making the extra 
cut or in going round, with fine precision. 
He will take a canoe over a path, that to 
say the least, requires close calculating 
to keep from leaving your canoe hung up 
in a tree. Yet there is always plenty of 
room, if you know how to find it. Even 
his blazes on the trees are small and far 
apart. It is a very safe rule never to 
get out of sight of one until you see the 
next. Occasionally in the woods you 
will be puzzled by seeing a half circle of 



190 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 




A Visitor Brings His Dinner With Him. 

pegs driven into the ground, or a stump 
piled with pine boughs in a peculiar way. 
These are Indian traps marking the par- 
ticular hunting ground of some Indian; 
no other Indian will encroach on his ter- 
ritory. 

Try blazing a trail for yourself through 
the untravelled woods. Take your axe 
and compass and do some real explora- 
tion work but never venture into the 
woods without both these trusty tools. 
Blaze the far side of the trees along the 
trail so that you can find your way back, 
and make your blazes both large and 
numerous ; remember that magnetite is 
quite common in the rocky hills of this 
district and your compass may waver 
when most you need it. I know of one 
case at least where a hunter and a native 
bushman spent one whole afternoon in 
following his compass around a magnet- 
ite range. 

It is an experience out of the ordinary 
and distinctlv worth while to trv to travel 



even a short distance through the woods 
towards a definite goal. Rock clififs, beav- 
er meadows, muskegs, close knit cedar 
jungles and endless birch groves follow 
each other in merry-go-round style. And 
flies — six of us spent one hot afternoon 
in fly time trying to find a forest fire 
three or four miles back in the woods. 
Two went ahead blazing the trail, one for 
going and the other for returning, the 
rest of us laboured along with spades, 
pails and axes, and flies. 

Still when all is said, the terrors of 
these tiny pests are greatly exaggerated. 
In some parts of the country, in the low 
river valleys where very little wind pene- 
trates, and on the portages especially in 
hot moist weather the flies really are bad. 
But under ordinary circumstances, trav- 
elling over the big lakes, and going pre- 
pared for the insects, there is no reason 
why June and July should not be enjoyed 
almost as much as August and Septem- 
ber. Two yards of cheesecloth hanging 
loosely over your hat yet tied tightly un- 
der the chin and you will keep out the 
most of them. Fly oils are numerous and 
all highly recommended, but they are 
very unpleasant to use, especially in hot 
weather when the oil and perspiration 
pour down your face. For camp be sure 
to bring a cheese cloth sleeping bag big 
enough to tuck under the blankets and 
rigged with cords to go over the ridge 
pole of your. tent. Stragglers can then 
be snuflfed ofT with, a candle and you may 
go to sleep to the tune of a thousand 
musical hungry ones three inches from 
your ear. but. just outside the net. 

Portaging at night is a dangerous ex- 
perience and one to be avoided. It can 
be done, however. One party I met 
crossed two of the nastiest portages in 
one district after ten o'clock at night by 
the light of their guides' birch bark torch- 
es. 

Paddling at night is often pleasant also. 
But take this warning. Never paddle 
after dark when it is the least bit rough. 
If it is daylight the stern man steers 
to meet every wave. At night he can 
not do this. The one fatality in Temag- 
ami last season was due to the neglect 
of this precaution and the lad drown- 
ed was a guide, an excellent swimmer 



CANOE TRIPS IN TEMAGAMI 



191 



and an expert paddler. Our predecessors 
on Ob-a-bi-ka had an experience along 
this line that they are not likely to for- 
get. They had broken camp for the 
season and were going out to Bear Island 
with their canoe loaded to the gunwale, 
the freight including a small stove. They 
had made a late afternoon start and were 
caught by the dark on Temagami with 
a head wind and a snow flurry. They 
went over, lost everything and had the 
narrowest call for their lives. They clung 
to their canoe which providentially 
grounded on a rocky islet. They had 
enough strength left to drag them- 
selves out of the water, haul up their 
canoe and crawl under it till morn- 
ing. Then, more dead than alive, they 
made their way to headquarters. 

There are at least three plans followed 
by those who visit Temagami to camp. 
Many prefer to come up into the north 
country and enjoy its fresh air and scen- 
ery — having no wider outlook than that 
obtained from a permanent camp — sleep- 
ing under canvas or in a log cabin. Most 
women and some men prefer this plan. 
In the Temagami Reserve there are sev- 
eral boarding camps of this kind — all on 
Lake Temagami itself — near the base of 
supplies. Short daily expeditions into 
surrounding lakes are possible ; and the 
fishing and kodak hunting on such trips 
are well worth while. 

•Camping and portaging with a guide 
or guides finds a good deal of favor with 
American tourists. To the stranger 
who is a tenderfoot, a guide seems abso- 
lutely essential. He can not think of 
travelling alone over country he has nev- 
er seen, of paddling a canoe when he has 
never been in one hitherto, or of cooking 
when he does not know how to begin. 
Such objections are often quite real. It 
wull generally pay to take a guide for 
the first trip. He is usually an Indian — 
very experienced in guiding — knowing 
every lake and river as his home — and 
ready to paddle, pack, cook and so on. 
Moreover he is reliable because he is res- 
ponsible to the Government for his good 
conduct in order to retain his license. 
Especially when there are women in the 
party is he valuable and it is surprising 
how many women go in for camping, and 




A Good Load. 

enjoy it. A guide in such cases prevents 
the unpleasant consequences of such ac- 
cidents as getting lost for a day or so, 
or being held up in the bush by a punc- 
ture in your canoe. 

It is however when one sets out to 
camp with nothing but a good map and 
a compass, with one or two friends and a 
light safe canoe that the third and highest 
degree in the order of campers is won. 
Of course, it will appeal to all as being 
the cheapest way. Two of us lived for 
four months very comfortably on about 
Slo a month. When you do your cook- 
ing it is surprising how long things will 
last — and this is no slur on the cook eith- 
er. Besides you are as free as the wind 
to act like the original red-man himself if 
the fancy seizes you. To young men 
with from two to four weeks' vacation 
at their disposal nothing need be said. 
A little knowledge of canoeing, a little 
initiative and a little money are all the es- 
sentials. 



192 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




Not His Daddy I 

In the Temagami Reserve there are 
many lakes quite large enough to be trou- 
blesome when a strong wind is blowing. 
The only safe rule in the wilderness is to 
take no chances at all. Stay near shore 
when it looks like a blow ; get out and 
portage if you come to "white water." 
Rapids, especially when they look "dead 
easy," are the most dangerous sort of bait. 
To wreck your canoe and lose your packs 
might not 'be serious near civilization — 
but fifty miles from the nearest living 
soul — is another matter. 

Fishing is not so good in the better 
known lakes as it used to be. You must 
get into those less frequented — but such 
lakes — in Temagami — are still without 
numiber. Bass are plentiful in almost 
all the lakes. Lake trout of the so-call- 
ed salmon and grey varieties are both 
even more plentiful, and all that is read 
of the size they occasionally reach may 
be believed. During June and the first 
part of July they take the bait near shore ; 



later when the water gets warmer they 
go down deep and a copper line often with 
a sinker must be used. Any good spoon 
— say three inches long — is first class 
bait for these northern trout. They are 
not overly particular — a twisted butter- 
knife was one dainty that had great 
success last summer. Pickerel are not 
quite so evenly distributed as bass and 
trout. They are often caught in Lake 
Temagami, as well as in the Temagami 
ake and Wak-im-i-kaRiver, Ko-Ko-Ko L 
Lake. The common pike is, of course, 
second class though his flesh is firm and 
good until the weather gets warm, and 
he fights hard after you get him into 
the canoe. Speckled trout are found in 
some of the streams, the Lady Evelyn 
River for example. 

One day when we were travelling 
through a chain of little lakes west of 
the Sturgeon River, my chum stooped 
down to take a drink at one of the por- 
tages — at Hallock's Lake, I think it was. 
His sunburned nose looked so tempting a 
morsel that three large bass three pound- 
ers at least, made a dart in his direction, 
and got so bold, hovering in the shadow 
of some cedar roots, that he tried to kill 
• them with his hand axe. 

Hunting with a kodak is the only kind 
of hunting allowed during the rangers' 
season. You will see many strange 
things in the wilderness — oftenest to be 
sure when your camera is at the bottom 
of the pack. What would we not have 
given for the picture of a visitor to our 
camp one evening in August? In the 
distance as the canoe approached we 
made out a lady in the bow, a man in 
the stern. As the gentleman stepped 
out to assist the lady to land our atten- 
tion was attracted to his costume. Up 
to the knees he was bare legged ; above 
that pink, bell-mouthed, befrilled inde- 
scribables reached to his waist topped by 
a shirt of the ordinary variety. Of course 
we made no comment, but it transpired 
that his party — three men and four lad- 
ies — one of them an elderly chaperon — 
were making a three weeks' tour of the 
lakes — with camp beds, folding chairs, 
canned goods and so on — a whole cara- 
van — seven good stifT loads for the men 



ox THE STREAM 



193 



over every portage. The gentleman in 
question had had the misfortune to fall 
in the day we saw him and would have 
had to wear his wet garments till they 
dried had not one of the ladies come to 
the rescue. with part of her more complete 
wardrobe. So you see it pays to go pre- 
pared with camera in a handy waterproof 
case — and always loaded for big game. 

It sounds very prosaic and unnecessary 
to tell grown men that they should not 
pitch their tents in bodies of valuable 
pine timber, and start their camp fires in 
the moss. Yet such advice has • often 
been sadly needed. Seventy-five per 
cent or more of the forest fires are due 
to sheer carelessness of campers in build- 
ing their fires — whether for cooking or 
for smudges. To pitch one's tent on an 
island or rocky point is always 'both pos- 
sible and preferable — for there will be 
more breeze and fewer flies or none at 
all. About putting up tents nothing 
could possibly 'be said for tents are so 
divergent in size and shape as to pre- 
vent a brief description. But — this to 
the very green hand only — don't portage 
poles and tent pegs or camp beds and 
folding chairs. 

Pitching camp on a wet night — espec- 
ially after paddling all day in the rain — is 
one of the most unpleasant experiences 
of a trip. Still if you have been wise 
enough to keep your blankets dry, wrap- 
ped up in your tent or rubber sheet — and 
have a change of dry clothes — you are 
not too badly off. It only takes a short 
time to get a good big camp fire going — 



and that is always the first thing to do. 
A match from your safety match box — 
a big sheet of birch bark — and some 
pieces of cedar stump, or chips from the 
inside of a pine log — and then pile your 
wood. A blazing fire is the best thing in 
the world to restore your spirits and in- 
cidentally to dry the ground for your tent. 
If the rain hasn't been too soaking — 
stripping the moss off the bare rocks will 
often give a dry floor — for rock will near- 
ly always be found anywhere in the north 
woods. 

Even when only travelling from place 
to place, only staying one night in one 
locality, it always pays to have a com- 
fortable bed — especially when all you 
have to do to get it is to cut three or four 
armfuls of balsam boughs. The Indian 
always does it, and the way he fixes his 
bed is worth while noting. Every branch 
is stuck into the ground at an oblique 
angle — and the bed is 'built from head to 
foot in regular overlapping fashion. A 
cheese cloth box for fly time — as large as 
your bed and two or three feet high, with 
lots of spare cloth to tuck under the 
blankets — completes your outfit. Then 
let flies do their worst ; let it rain cats and 
dogs ; 'blow great guns — you are "snug 
as a bug in a rug." 

Sometimes you will be caught unpre- 
pared, however, and have to sleep on the 
soft side of a bare rock. Don't despair of 
sleep. Tuck your coat or any loos» arti- 
cle of clothing in the hollow above your 
hips and in five minutes you will not 
know the difference. 



ON THE STREAM. 

BY THE REV. C. T. EASTON. 



O'erhung by the willows and fragrant birch branches 

When summer exhales sweet odors around, 
And the moon in her glory the prospect enhances 

Silv'ring the hills to their furthermost. bound. 
Where the stream softly glides in musical ripples, — 

And the heart, Ah, the heart accords with the scene: 
With the South's balmy breezes perfumed with rose petals. 

It all seems a blissful Elysian dream. 
Where Quietude reigns and Peace from high Heaven, — 

When Nature is glad, responsive, serene. — 
'Tis then, O, 'tis then that happiness given 

Floats in a canoe with Love down the stream. 



On Lake Huron's Shore 



BY OWEN SOUNDIAN. 



OWEX SOUND is an ideal place to 
enjoy a happy holiday, fishing 
for gamey bass, inhaling fresh 
air and being fanned by the cool, 
invigorating breezes. There is only one 
place to surpass it, the salt water breezes 
of the Pacific or Atlantic oceans. Annu- 
ally for six years the writer has taken 
his summer vacation on the east shore of 
Lake Huron at Oliphant Beach, and it is 
a healthful and charming summer resort. 
It is reached by rail, G. T. R. to Wiarton, 
Ont. It is directly opposite ^^'iarton, on 
Lake Huron, a distance of about eight 
miles. 

Stages run twice daily between Wiar- 
ton and Oliphant Beach. It is a favorite 
resort for Owen Sounders. One can leave 
Owen Sound by G. T. R. at one p.m. for 
Wiarton and go by stage to Oliphant 
Beach, arriving about half past five or 
six o'clock the same evening. 

Opposite Oliphant Beach are situated 
what are known on the map as the fishing 
islands, prominent among which are the 
following: Main Station, Cranberry, 
Frog, Burke, Shamrock, and a number 
of others. A beautiful sand beach ex- 
tends for many miles along the east shore 
of Lake Huron. At Oliphant one may 
wade, out on the sand beach for over half 
a mile. Bathing can be safely enjoyed 
and is much appreciated by the campers. 
A summer resort without summer girls 
would be a slow place. The typical sum- 
mer girl, with Oliphant tan to beautify 
her complexion, is much in evidence on 
Oliphant Beach. There are over fifty 
motor boats and sailing skiffs around Ol- 
iphant Beach and the islands. 

Disciples of Izaak Walton can find 
much pleasure fishing for bass on this 
shore. The fishing is really good, and 
some of the familiar places which the bass 
visit are: The wrecked schooner "Sarah,'' 
stranded on Burke Island; Carter's Dock, 
Indian Channel, Main Station Channel, 
Crab Harbor, Purgatory Bay, Big Pike 
Bay, Little Pike Bay, Stoke's Bay a.id 
many other spots. 



Perch are caught in large numbers, 
and sometimes salmon trout and whitefish 
are caught by trolling. 

The best trolling for salmon trout in 
July and August is on the Georgian Bay, 
a part of Lake Huron. Last summer, 
oft* Meaford, Ont., on Georgian Bay, the 
writer caught in one day nine fine trout, 
the largest one weighing fifteen pounds. 
They were caught off Captain Hector 
McGinnis' fishing tug. It was while the 
nets were being lifted and set again — the 
tug running at about four miles per hour. 

One of the finest locations around Oli- 
phant is Mr. Dave Heuter's cottage on 
one of the silands. Mr. Heuter is a citi- 
zen of \A'iarton. He is a fine sportsman, 
a great fisherman, and everyone likes to 
meet him, he is such a good, all round 
fellow. He is responsible for the follow- 
ing story, and it has the merit of being 
a true one : 

W^hile fishing, a big bass carried off his 
Dowagiac minnow. This is an artificial 
bait, looking like a live minnow, attach- 
ed to which are several hooks, with a 
hook and revolving spinner at the tail of 
the minnow. About two months after 
losing the minnow some Wiarton hunters 
were up the shore hunting and noticed a 
sea-gull in evident distress. They cap- 
tured the gull, and found it was tangled 
up in a Dowagiac minnow. They, re- 
lieved the gull from its misery and 
brought the minnow down to Wiarton. 
From marks on it, Mr. Heuter identified 
it as the same minnow the big bass car- 
ried away two months previously. 

King-fishers are plentiful, but a dog- 
fisher is a rare animal. Mr. Geo. H. John- 
ston, of Wiarton, Ont., proprietor of the 
Hotel Sunnyside, Oliphant Beach, Lake 
Huron, has a valuable dog named "Cur- 
ley." His special mission in life seems 
to be chasing birds and chipmunks and 
catching them once in a while. He is also 
a dog-fisher. The sand beach at Sunny- 
side is fine for bathing and the water 
quite shallow for over half a mile out in 
the lake. Curley noticed a big fish swim- 



WANDERLUST 



195 



ming in shallow water, and rushing out 
caught it in his mouth, and safely landed 
it alive. The fish proved to be a big 
German carp, weighing eleven pounds. 
Mr. Johnston kept the fish in a small 
pond alive for a couple of days, after 
which it died. The marks of the dog's 
teeth were plainly visible on the body of 
the fish. 

A large variety of birds are to be found 
on the islands and mainland of Huron's 
shore. Ducks, snipe, plover, partridge 
and sand-pipers abound, and frequently 
"Wawa," the wild goose, is seen. Sea- 
gulls circle through the air, with keen 
eyes glistening towards the water, look- 
ing for their prospective dinners of fish. 
It has been truly said that the circling 
gull has no destination. It is the straight- 
a-way crow which reaches the cornfield. 
The plaintive cry of the loon is sometimes 
heard, forecasting a storm, so it is said. 
"Wawa,"' the wild goose is the leader 
among the feathered tribe and is called 
the bird of wisdom, so well illustrated in 
the following lines : 

The bird of wisdom is the owl. 

So say the tales of old, 
But his title may be questioned 

By one not over bold. 
The owl looks solemn, we admit, 

But cannot win his suit 
So long as like a Scotchman 

He does nothing else but "hoot." 
The wild goose has a better claim; 

He leads fair fashion 's train. 
He 'Tionked" before the motor car 

Had come upon the main. 
And in the days of long ago, 

He led a mighty host 
From south to north, from north to south. 

To seek the balmiest coast. 




"Curley" — the "dog-fisher." 

I 
A wise old bird was this same goose, 

And "Wawa" was his name, 
And here upon the Oliphant Beach 

We ceiebrate his fame. 

Dethrone the owl, let honor come 
To goose, which leads the throng, 

He knows what 's good in land and food, 
And Wawa sings his song. 

P. S. Author unknown, but is suppos- 
ed to claim Muskoka as his home — in the 
erood old summer time. 



WANDERLUST. 



BY ROBERT JENKINS. 



Away from the cities' toil and roar, 
Away to the land of the great Outdoor, 

Leaving anxiety, moil and strife. 
Back to the larger things in life, 

Far from the booming surface-cars. 

To a land where nothing the silence mars, 

Back to a land whose horizon is yon, 
I prithee lead me, Fate, lead on. 



A Day After Sheep in Alberta 



BY A. N. COWDRY. 



IN September of 1909 I was hunting 
for Rocky Mountain sheep in South- 
ern Alberta. As I knew the country 
fairly well I did not expect to have 
any difficulty in obtaining the two sheep 
which the law allows. 

After two weeks of roaming about the 
foothills, however, I found myself with- 
out the coveted "Big Horn." Of course 
during that time I had seen large num- 
bers of ewes and other game, but only 
one ram. Of this one I caught a glimpse 
as he was running across an upland val- 
ley in front of three bears ; but although 
my companion killed the three bears, an 
old mother with a brown and a black cub, 
we did not get near enough to have a 
shot at the ram, which appeared to be a 
very large one. 

As my time was fast going I deter- 
mined to make a last effort to get a real- 
ly large head. One morning, therefore, 
I got up about five o'clock and went out 
to catch my horse, which was running 
loose in a pasture covered with thick 
poplar scrub. After many failures I suc- 
ceeded in driving him into the corral, and 
then catching him was a simple matter. 
This done, it only took a few minutes 
to put on the saddle and tie a blanket 
and a little food on. By the time this 
was all accomplished, however, it was 
nearly half past seven ; therefore I did 
not wait for breakfast, but snatched a 
piece of bread, jumped on my horse and 
started for the mountains, the nearest 
being about eight miles from the ranch 
house where I was staying. 

This mountain is known locally as 
Sofa Mountain, and was a few years ago 
a splendid hunting ground, though at 
present one must go farther back into 
the mountains for sheep. Arriving at 
the base of Sofa at about nine o'clock I 
picketed my horse, and, leaving every- 
thing except my rifle and field glasses, 
started to climb the mountain with the 
general idea of "ending up" where we 
had shot the bears several days before. 
The first part of the ascent led 



me through densely wooded poplar 
slopes, which occasionally gave way to 
a cool thicket of pines. These bits of 
shade were very welcome, as the day 
was rather v/arm and I was traveling 
fast, thinking there would be no sheep 
so low down. 

However, I was mistaken, for coming 
out on a small ridge, which overlooked 
the slopes of Sofa Mountain for a con- 
siderable distance, I noticed something 
moving along the base of a cliiT about 
a quarter of a mile away. Raising my 
glasses I saw that it was a young sheep, 
and then I made out its mother, just be- 
hind it. They had apparently not seen 
me, for they were coming in my direction 
and were showing no signs of alarm. 
In fact the little one was leaping and 
jumping around his mother at a great 
rate. As I was rather tired after my long 
ascent I decided to watch them for a 
time and accordingly selected a comfort- 
able spot in full view of the oncoming 
sheep. They took no notice of me and 
continued to come in my direction until 
we were not more than fifty yards apart, 
only being separated by a small creek. 
Here they stopped and as nearly as I 
could make out the old ewe began to 
lick the ground, which here terminated 
in a small "cut bank," while the lamb 
played near by. It was a truly beautiful 
sight to see these two, mother and son, 
in their natural surroundings. Oh, how 
I wished for a camera ! As it was I felt 
bound to go forward, having rested en- 
ough, and making as little noise as pos- 
sible I got up and resumed my climb. 
The path led me for upwards of two 
hundred yards in a half circle around 
where the sheep were standing, but when 
I disappeared from view over a ridge on 
my way to the upper peaks of the moun- 
tain they were still in the same place, 
the old mother at the " salt lick" and 
the young one playing near by. 

From this point on my route led me 
in an almost straight line along a ridge 
that would finallv bring me out on the 



A DAY AFTER SHEEP IX ALBERTA 



197 



summit of Sofa Mountain itself. During 
this part of my hunt I saw very little 
game, one or two grouse and an odd 
squirrel, but I was amply compensated 
for my efforts by the magnificent views 
that I obtained, not so much of moun- 
tain scenery, although there was plenty 
of that, but of the rolling prairies that 
were laid out in relief before my eyes. 
Far off to the north I saw the Porcupine 
Hills, which must have been at least 
fifty miles away, but still, owing to the 
marvelously clear air. squares of dark on 
the surrounding yellow were distinctly 
visible, showing where a piece of the 
prairie had been ploughed up on the 
slopes of the hills. To the east rose the 
smoke of the Lethbridge coal mines, sev- 
enty miles away, and to my extreme right 
I made out two isolated mountains rising 
out of the prairie a long way down in 
Montana. 

After admiring this magnificent pros- 
pect for some time I turned round and 
began the ascent once more, and in about 
three hours after leaving my horse at the 
shores of the Waterton Lakes I arrived 
at the summit of Sofa Mountain. 

Here again was another splendid view, 
extending from the prairies on the one 
hand to the high mountains around the 
Flat Head River in British Columbia on 
the other. Although the day was warm 
it was quite clear, and one could see for 
immense distances. Towards the Inter- 
national boundary I could make out Old 
Chief Mountain, which rises so abruptly 
out of the plains. Half way to the con- 
tinental divide Kaiser Peak rises up a- 
bruptly. This is the highest mountain in 
the neighborhood and it presents a re- 
markable spectacle with its five thousand 
foot precipice. Indeed it is one of the 
finest cliffs I have ever seen, rising sheer 
as if cut with a knife. 

To return to the hunt, however. The 
top of Sofa Mountain is an excellent point 
from which to look for sheep, as one often 
finds them feeding along its western 
slopes. Here I spent upwards of half an 
hour watching for game but saw none. 
I now kept along a high rock ridge which 
led me towards the divide between the 
Bellv and the Waterton rivers. While 



I was traversing this ridge, far below on 
my left was the valley of Coal Creek and 
on my right that of Hell Roaring Canyon. 
After following the ridge for about an 
hour I arrived at the head of the two 
above named valleys. Here I stopped 
and examined the sides of the mountains 
surrounding two small lakes at the head 
of the Hell Roaring Canyon. These 
lakes are walled in on two sides by steep 
cliffs and are at this time of the year an 
excellent place to look for goats, as these 
animals like to lie all through the heat of 
the day on a shady ledge from whence 
they can look over the surrounding 
country. Sure enough I soon saw a 
couple of goats about two thousand feet 
below me lying on a ledge. Looking 
more closely with my field glasses I saw 
still more, finally counting twelve. It 
seemed quite easy to approach them as 
there was ample cover, but I was not 
very anxious to shoot any more goats so 
far away from camp. If I had had a 
camera I think I should have tried to 
crawl up close enough to take a picture 
of some of them. Not having one I had 
to turn regretfully away. 

From here I made my way down into 
an upland meadow at the head of Coal 
Creek. It was in this place, as I men- 
tioned before, that we had killed three 
bears and had seen one ram. This , 
meadow is quite isolated, one side end- c, 
ing in a tremendous precipice, while the 
other three are surrounded by mountains, 
so that one can walk round the base of 
the mountains which on one side end in 
a series of cliffs broken up by numerous 
ledges and by looking up can see if there 
is any game on the cliffs. This was the 
method I pursued but saw nothing. As 
it was about half past three I selected 
a comfortable spot under a scrub pine 
and settled down for a long rest before 
commencing my return journey. My 
surprise can be imagined when on turn- 
ing my eyes up towards the cliffs I saw 
a good sized ram lying down under a 
large overhanging rock. He saw me 
quite plainly. I think, as he had his head 
up and was looking directly towards me. 
After I had recovered from my surprise 
I slipped off my field glasses and taking 



198 



RUD AXD GUX IX CAXADA 



my silk handkerchief from around my 
neck tied it in a conspicuous place on a 
branch of the scrub pine. This was to 
keep the sheep looking at the tree, if pos- 
sible, and give me a chance to creep up 
to a rock at the bottom of a shale slope. 
which led directly to the ram. This ruse 
succeeded to a certain extent as by the 
time I had reached the rock the sheep had 
only just decided to "leave the country." 
Once he made this decision he covered the 
ground at a surprising pace. However 
as his only route led him directly up the 
cliffs I had lots of time. 

I opened fire on him at a distance of 
about one hundred and fifty yards, but 
as he was so far above me I'had to point 
my rifle up at an angle. This caused mv 
three 'hundred yards sight to "flip up^' 
and consequently I over-shot him. How- 
ever, with my second shot I managed to 
break one of his forelegs and the next 
one went through his heart and brought 
him crashing down from the clififs. 

As soon as the sheep had stopped rol- 
ling I hurried up to him and examined 
my prize carefully. He was a good 
sized ram and possessed a magnificent 
pair of horns. I noticed that several of 
his teeth were gone and judged that his 
horns were as big as they would ever 
grow. On measuring them' I found them 
to be nineteen inches along the very 
base and taking in all irregularities. This 
I was afterwards told is not the correct 
way; rather they should be measured 
straight around. Measuring by the lat- 
ter method they were sixteen and seven- 
eighths inches in circumference after they 
had been dried in the sun for a week. 
After looking at him for some time I 
set to work to skin him and dress the 
meat, for although I could not use the 
meat myself, or even carry it down. I 
thought somebody else who could use it 
might come up for it. In skinning I 
noticed that the hair was quite firm and 
even. As soon as I had got the skin ofif 
the neck and cut the head ofif. I picked it 
up and set it on my shoulders ; but as it 
was very heavy and cut into mv should- 
ers I soon saw that I must find some 
other method of carrying it, before try- 
ing to get back to my horse. Lucki'lv 



I had not worn a belt that day but had 
fastened my trousers with a long piece of 
lamp wick, which is immensely strong. 
\Vith this and the strap from my rifle I 
made a fairly satisfactory sling for the 
ram's head. Throwing the head and my 
field glasses on my back, and carrving 
my rifle in my hands. I started ofif. 

As I said before, the head of Coal Creek 
is surrounded by mountains so that to 
get out I had to climb up a mountain 
and then along a ridge which would lead 
me out on the summit of Sofa. What 
seemed child's play in the morning was 
now terribly 'hard work. On the way 
back I had to stop and rest every few 
minutes and was forced to keep contin- 
ually changing the position of the ram's 
head as the horns would dig into mv ribs 
in a very uncomfortable manner. How- 
ever, after having reached the top of the 
ridge the journey was comparatively 
easy, although I was forced to descend 
in several places to avoid small clififs. 

Once arrived at a position overlooking 
the lake my troubles were practically 
over, as I could roll the sheep's head 
down the mountain side for consider- 
able distances at a time. 

. As soon as I arrived at the lake shore 
I lay down and bathed my face and 
hands in the icy waters. This refreshed 
me greatly and I was just rising to re- 
sume my way, when I heard voices be- 
hind me. On turning around I saw that 
three men were approaching in hunting 
attire, carrying rifles. I waited for them 
and found that I knew one of them. 
They were from Pincher Creek and had 
been hunting along the mountains to the 
westward for the past two weeks, but 
had not got anything except a goat which 
they had shot a day or two before on 
Sofa Mountain. They verv kindly oflFer- 
ed to give me supper, of' which I was 
very glad, having had nothing except a 
piece of bread and some berries during 
the whole day. At supper we naturallv 
talked of hunting and I told them about 
the twelve goats I had seen that dav. 
As they expressed a wish that they coul'd 
see them I ofl^ered to take them up the 
next day. After some discussion it was 



THE TRENT \'ALLEY WATERWAY 



199 



arranged that I should stay the night 
with them and that together we would 
hunt for the goats. 

Good fortune attended us the next day. 
so far as the goats were concerned, each 



meniiber of the party obtaining one, 
though we were unfortunate in being 
caught in a blinding snowstorm and had 
a hard time returning to camp, burdened 
as we were with our trophies. 



THE TRENT VALLEY WATERWAY 

Splendid Trip for Pleasure Boats 



RrPERT S. DONELIv 




Kirkfield Lock, Opening Day. 



KAWARTHA, that charming Indian 
term applied to the picturesque 
system of lakes and rivers, to- 
gether with the surrounding 
country of the Trent Valley Waterway, 
is the red man's symbol for "Bright 
Waters and Happy Lands." The work 
of canalizing this waterway, which ex- 
tends from Trenton, on the Bay of 
Ouinte, Lake Ontario, to the lower end 
of Georgian Bay near the towns of Wau- 
baushene and Midland, is progressing 
rapidly. While the object of construct- 
ing these canals is to provide a shorter 
transportation route by water between 
the vast granary of the north-west and 



the Atlantic sea-board, and to assist in 
developing the country through which 
it passes, it will also open up one of 
the finest pleasure boat waterways in 
the world. 

A trip through this beautiful chain 
of lakes, the gems of the Highlands of 
Ontario, the country of little lakes, rivers 
and waterfalls ; through the mammoth 
hydraulic lift or elevator locks, those mo- 
dern triumphs of engineering, the largest 
of their type in the world and the only 
• examples on this side of the Atlantic ; 
and reaching an altitude of 830 feet 
above tidewater level, is an unique ex- 
perience. 




A PETERBOROTTGH ANGLING CLITB 
Prepared to board the "Mayflower" for Stoney Lake. 



In the early days this route was used 
by the Indians, trappers and explorers 
in their journeyings between eastern and 
western Canada. It was travelled by 
Champlain during his western trip in 
1615, and the great French pioneer has 
recorded the wonderful impression this 
beautiful district made on him. At 
Trenton, canal operations were started 
by the British Government in 1S33. The 
object was to construct a military high- 
way over this route, and a number of 
locks and dams were built at various 
points. Subsequent disturbed conditions 
throughout the country caused a cessa- 
tion of activities, and very little was done 
for over forty years. The work was again 
taken up, this time by the Dominion" 
Government. The old wooden locks were 
enlarged and replaced by substantial -stone 
masonry, while concrete and steel are 
being used in those more recently built. 

Although only about 32 miles of actual 
canal will be needed, the task of building 



it has been a herculean one. Alost of the 
cuts have been made through solid rock, 
and a difference of 596 feet in water levels 
had to be overcome. When completed 
there will be a depth of not less than eight 
feet of water on the entire channel. 

Between Trenton and Heeley's Falls, 
sections have been completed but through 
navigation is not yet possible. Between 
Heeley's Falls and Washago at the north- 
ern end of Lake Couchiching, a distance 
of about 165 miles, the work is practic- 
ally complete and navigation is being car- 
ried on each summer. From \\''ashago to 
Georgian Bay the route follows the Sev- 
ern River and is still under construction. 

When completed the waterway Will 
provide a trip over two hundred miles 
long, and an additional one hundred miles 
into lateral connecting waters, and will 
form a connecting link between the 
Thousand Islands district of the St. Law- 
rence and the famous Georgian Bay re- 
gion. The waters of the lakes are deep 




Home of the Speckled Trout. 




Snapping an Eighteen Pounder, Stoney Lake. 



and translucent and are well stocked with 
black bass, three and four pounds ; mask- 
inonge, from ten to thirty pounds, and 
also salmon trout. The rivulets and 
small streams provide excellent speckled 
trout fishing. Motor boat, canoe and 
camping parties find their beau-ideal of 
summer outing on these lakes. Indian 
and white guides and cooks are to be had 
at all points on the route. Canoes, tents. 
camp beds, utensils, fishing tackle and 
other outfit for camping parties will be 
found at any of the towns. Gasoline, bat- 
teries, oil, repair parts, etc., for motor 
boats, are also kept in stock at these 
places. The hotel accommodations are 
first class. 

Between Trenton and Frankford the 
Trent River is between three hundred 
and four hundred feet wide, and the banks 
are quite high. This section has been 
canalized by locks and dams, and there is 
a rise of one hundred and eighteen feet. 
A flooded reach extends five and one half 
miles to Chisholm's Rapids. A mason- 



ry lock, and a canal, half a mile long, cut 
out of solid rock are located here. The 
route then passes through another flood- 
ed reach of three and one half miles to 
Hoard's Creek. A cut across country of 
eleven miles to Crow Bay is then made. 
There is one hundred and sixty six feet 
of rise in this section. The route 
crosses Crow Bay to Heeley's Falls, 
a distance of two miles. Here a 
rise of seventy seven feet will be 
made by means of a hydraulic lift lock. 
The navigable part is now reached and 
eleven miles up the river, which is about 
six hundred feet wide on this section, is 
the village of Hastings. A masonry lock 
is located here and then the remaining six 
miles of the river are passed before en- 
tering Rice Lake. 

This lake is surrounded by beautiful 
farming country, and after a twelve mile 
sail the mouth of the Otonabee River is 
reached. Twenty miles up this beautiful 
winding stream there is a lock and two 
swing bridges, then Little Lake, at the 




Regatta Day, Stoney Lake. 




A, 


9-55* 


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<0 




^ 




^ 






J 


J 


( 1 




\ 'J 


L=« 


^^ 



/• 



THE TRENT VALLEY WATERWAY 



303 



city of Peterboro is crossed. A concrete 
lock and two swing bridges are at the 
entrance to the stretch of canal which 
cuts across country to Xassau, a distance 
of four miles. Just above the bridges. 
the Peterboro hydraulic lift or elevator 
lock, the largest in the world, is reached. 
The lift of sixty five feet is quickly made 
and anv boat up to one hundred and forty 
feet in' length and eight feet draught can 
pass through. 

The introduction of this type of lock 
is a decided innovation in canal construc- 
tion. Between Lake Ontario and Kirk- 
field, one hundred and ninety and one half 
feet of the rise is overcome by three of 
these locks. The Peterboro lock is a 
magnificent example of engineering, and 
its towers, rising to almost the height of 
Niagara, accentuate the Cyclopean ap- 
pearance of the structure. 



Stoney Lake, the brightest gem of Kawar- 
tha. This lake is about ten miles long 
and two wide, and its eight hundred 
rocky islands are covered with luxuriant 
verdure. Artistic summer cottages and 
villas adorn these islands, as well as the 
numerous tents of the campers. 

It would be difficult to find a more 
suitable place to spend a delightful sum- 
mer vacation. The bright morning sun- 
rise finds the camper armed with rod and 
line starting out to try his luck, and it is 
seldom he returns w^it'hout a goodly catch 
of gamey black bass and one or two 
maskinonge. The motor boat and canoe 
trips to the many interesting points on 
the lake, an invigorating plunge in the 
clear waters, and the good old picnic 
"shore dinner." with its crisp bacon, nice- 
Iv browned, fresh fish, and French toast, 
all liberally interspersed with w^ood 




Gore's Landing, Rice Lake. 



Peterboro, with a population of nearly 
20,000, is the largest municipality on the 
waterway, and is a very interesting and 
beautiful place. Its celebrated canoes are 
used in all parts of the world. Betw^een 
Nassau and Lakefield, a distance of about 
five miles, are five concrete locks and 
dams. Lakefield is a busy place and is 
also noted for its canoes. Lake Katchew- 
anooka is next en route, then the lock 
at the village of Young's Point, and Clear 
Lake, a fine open expanse six miles long 
and over a mile wide. 

From Clear Lake the channel passes 
through a group of islands into beautiful 



ashes, are among the pleasant memories 
of such a vacation. 

At the end of the day comes that glor- 
ious northern sunset with its radiant hues 
mirrored on the calm waters. Soon the 
islands stand in silhouette against the long 
light of the rising moon, and the darting 
fire flies gambol along the wooded shores. 
Then the sweet strains of the waltz come 
floating over the lake as a merry party 
of dancers while away the evening. The 
camp fires gleam out, and the hum of 
the motor boats as they pick their way 
through the channels is heard. The 

evening passes and soon all is still save 



Z04: 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



for the murmur of the distant waterfall 
and the call of the whip-poor-will from 
a tree top where it has taken up its lonely 
night vigil. 

From Stony Lake the route passes up 
the Burleigh Channel to Burleigh Falls. 
This is a popular resort and there is a 
large waterfall, a fine summer hotel, and 
cottages. A double lock, a massive mas- 
onry structure with a twenty six foot lift, 
is located here. It then crosses Love- 
sick Lake, about two miles long and 
quite narrow ; through Lovesick lock, 
over Deer Bay, up the Buckhorn Channel 
through the Buckhorn lock, and over 
Buckhorn Lake, a beautiful island-stud- 



charming village of Bobcaygeon, which is 
about seventeen miles from Buckhorn 
lock, is then reached. Another lock is 
located here, then Sturgeon Lake, about 
ten miles long and a mile wide is crossed. 
Sturgeon Point, a large resort located on 
a finely wooded promontory on the north- 
ern shore, is the most interesting place 
on this lake. A side run may be taken 
up the Scugog River to Lake Scugog, and 
the towns of Lindsay and Port Perry 
visited. 

From Sturgeon Lake the route is up 
the picturesque Fenelon "River, whose 
high rocky shores are very beautiful, to 
the thriving village of Fenelon Falls. 




A Peterborough Hunting Party. 



ded expanse to the Indian \'illage of the 
Mississauga tribe, where Indian basket 
and birch bark work is ottered for sale. 
A side trip may be taken into Chemong 
Lake through a channel at this point. 
This lake is about six miles long and two 
wide and has beautiful farms on its 
shores . Near the upper end, the village 
of Bridgenorth is reached and near it is 
Chemong Park, a fine summer resort. 
An auto line connects with Peterboro. 
which is six miles distant. From Indian 
village the route passes through Gannon's 
Narrows and over Pigeon Lake, a beauti- 
ful sheet, with large islands and a num- 
ber of very fine summer residences. The 



Another double lock with a twenty. four 
foot lift is located here. Cameron Lake 
about three mile long and two wide, with 
heavily wooded shores is then crossed, 
and the Rosedale River entered. The 
Burnt River, a stream navigable for large 
boats for many miles afifords a delightful 
side run at this point. It is quite narrow^ 
but of good depth, and the high trees on 
its banks form an archway over it at 
several places. Between the Rosedale 
River and Balsam Lake there is a lock 
with a three foot lift. Balsam Lake is 
about six miles long and eight wide. 
After crossing the lake an interesting 
side trip may be taken up the Gull River 



THE TRENT X'ALLEY WATERWAY 



3-05 



to the village of Coboconk. Erom Bal- 
sam Lake the route is through five and 
one half miles of canal, hewn out of lime- 
stone rock, to the hydraulic lift lock at 
Kirkfield. This lock which overcomes an 
elevation of forty eight and one half feet 
is situated at the highest point on the 
waterway.the apex of the two watersheds 
tributary respectively, to Lake Ontario 
and Georgian Bay. It is five hundred 
and ninety six feet above Lake Ontario 
and eight hundred and thirty feet above 
tide water level, one hundred and twenty 
two feet above Lake Simcoe and two 
hundred and fifty eight feet above Georg- 
ian Bay. The next section of six and one 



about twelve miles long and five miles 
wide, contains a number of islands and 
neat summer cottages and is noted for 
its scenery. One of Canada's most pro- 
gressive towns, Orillia, is located on its 
southern shore. At the northern end is 
the town of Washago, the terminus of 
navigat'on at present. 

Two routes were surveyed from Lake 
Couchiching to Georgian Bay, one across 
country, and the other through the Sev- 
ern River. The latter route, which is 
about twenty five miles long will be used, 
and is now under construction. The 
Severn River is a stream over six hundred 
feet wide with high rocky shores, rush- 




A SIXTY-FIVE FEET LIFT 
Peterborough hydraulic lift lock, the largest in the World. 



half miles is through a flooded reach of 
the Talbot River. A cut across country 
of two and one half miles to Lake Simc-se 
is then made. There are five concrete 
locks in thi's section, Lake Simcoe, the 
largest on the system, is about thirty 
five miles long and fifteen wide. It has 
a number of large summer resorts on its 
shore line of over two hundred miles. 
The fine town of Barrie, is situated at 
the head of Kempenfeldt Bay, an inlet 
ten miles long. North of this lake and 
connected with it by a strait a mile long 
is Lake Couchiching, known as the Gene- 
va of Canada. This beautiful expanse is 



ing rapids and plunging waterfalls. It 
will form a truly fitting finale to a trip 
over this magnificient new waterway. 

When completed a large tourist traffic 
will certainly develop. The route pre- 
sents all the attractions for an outing of 
a most enjoyable kind. The inland 
waterway will prove a favourite route for 
power boats, and the advantages they will 
enjoy throughout will lead to continual 
increases in their numbers. 

The photos from which our illustra- 
tions are made are by Roy, Peterboro, 
Ont. 




Fishing Below the Falls on the Big Sevogle. 

Salmon Fishing in New Brunswick 

BY DOUGLAS WETMORE CLINCH. 



TO say that you hunt or fish in 
the .Miraniichi Country, New 
Brunswick, is a broad and mis- 
leading statement. As a sports- 
mans paradise, and such it surely is, it 
IS some two hundred miles long- by over 
a hundred wide. To make all 'things 
clear the river branches some forty odd 
miles above tide water. The Alain or 
Big Southwest flows directlv across the 
Province, and has for its branches such 
streams as the Renous, Clearwater. Rockv 
Brook, Cains River (of which the Sabies 
River and Aluzral Brook are branches) 
Burnt Hill, McKeil Brook, and the Xorth 
Branch, etc. The other branch is known 
as the Big North West. This again runs 
off into the Little South West, the Little 
and Big Sevogle, etc., etc. Practicallv 
all these streams contain salmon of 



which the Xorth A\'est Aliramichi, the 
Big Sevogle, Little South West, Dun- 
garven (a tributary of the Renous)^ are 
famous. In fact with proper protection 
the Aliramichi would hold its own with 
most salmon rivers of the world. 

The best fishing at the present time is 
on the Xorth West and its branches. With 
the exception of a pool here and there thi^ 
stream is, above Big Hole (where the Big 
Sevogle comes in) leased by the North 
\\'est Miramichi Salmon Club. There i'; 
also excellent fishing on the Big Sevoo-le 
as far up as the falls. This also is leas'ed 
by a Air. Wiedman. of New York. All 
the fish that ascend these two branches 
must, of necessity, pass through the nine 
miles of water extending from Big Hole 
to^ Red Bank, where the Little South 
A\ est takes its course. Here and there 



SALMON FISHIXc; IX XEW BRUXSWICK 



20' 



along this stretch are numerous pools 
owned by the farmers along the shore. 
The Oxbow is. if I understand it, on the 
Little South West: at any rate it is a 
pool owned by the Indians at Red Bank 
and lies just north of the Main North 
West. Two of the best pools — in addi- 
tion to a rapids at the bottom of which 
the salmon lie — are owaied by William 
X. Mullin. of Exmore P. O., Northumber- 
land Co.. N'.B. I fished this water on 
the 24th. -5th and -6th of May of thi^ 
year (1910) and killed my salmon. As 
the fishing lasts till August loth and as I 
found Mr. Mullin a mo'st courteous and 
considerate host. I have no scruples in 
urging any angler to visit this piece of 
water. He is sure of booking several 
good salmon, and the trip can be taken 
for an almost ridiculous amount. 

If you live to the south of New^ Bruns- 
wick there are two means of reaching 
St. John, which you must pass through. 
You can sail from Boston on the steam- 
ers of tbe Eastern Steamship Company. 
and your return ticket will cost you Sf).0'0. 
.Otherwise you would come by the Bos- 
ton & Elaine and Maine Central. During 
the summer months there are three trains 
daily between St. John and Newcastle. 
One of these, an accommodation, 
leaves Union Depot at 7 a.m. and 
you arrive in Newcastle at 2 p.m. 
The second train leaves at 11.20 
and is known as the "Ocean Limited." 
and I have yet to travel in a more com- 
fortable manner. This vestibuled ex- 
press takes some five hours to reach your 
destination. The other train is known 
as the "Maritime Express." It departs 
at 6.35. carries Pullmans, and arrives at 
Newcastle shortly after midnight. All 
these trains are over the Intercolonial 
Railway, and it is on one of them you 
will come from the west, via Montreal. 
Grand Trunk Station, which place you 
grind out of at either noon or 7 p.m. 

New^castle is a town of some 4,000 in- 
habitants whose first lesson in life seems 
to be hospitality. The "Miramichi" is 
a comfortable hotel, whose proprietor. 
Mr. Whalen, will do anything in his 
power to make your trip a success, be it 
moose, salmon, trout, caribou or deer. 
Mr. R. H. Gremley supplies the teams 



^ftf***-!^ 




The Boss Coming Ashore. 

and a good natured assurance which 
makes the trip begin before you leave 
the station. A telegram or long dis- 
tance 'phone to either of these gentle- 
men will be sufficient to locate you after 
any of the species mentioned above. I 
speak, I am gla-d to say, from experience. 
The drive to Alullin's Meadows is worth 
while in spite of the sixteen miles. If 
you telephone ahead to Red Bank they 
will send up word and ]Mr. Mullin will 
meet j^ou. He was kind enough to put us' 
up at hisi bouse, but would prefer to have 
parties camp out on the meadows. In 
the latter instance you would only have 
to bring your tent and outfit. Cooked 
provisions can be had every day from 
Mrs. Mullin's honest larder. As the 
fishing is done from a canoe (dugout) 
or skifif, you must employ Mr. Mullin 
or one of his boys. For this work, and 
it is no child's play, his services are 
$2.00 a day. Sometimes you can fish 
the pools by wading, but if you keep a 



208 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



canoe the trip can be varied by poling 
from five to seven miles upstream, 
where, in season, the trout fishing is 
hard to beat, Mr. Mullin included. As 
the meadows are beautiful in themselves 
and you will be able to follow the ca- 
price of salmon in the pool, the camping 
idea is much the best. 

There are three runs of salmon which 
come up this river. The first fish come 
up in April and do not, as a rule, go back 
to the ocean that season. They go down 
to tide water and spend the winter there, 
coming back again in the early sum- 
mer. After they have been up river 
two months they fill out like any fresh 
run fish. The second run comes up dur- 
ing June, July and August, but the best 
fishing is really in June. These fish 
spawn and return to the sea in the aut- 
umn. Many theories have been advanced 
that salmon are frozen in and not able 
to get back over the rips. I do not 
think this applies to the river in ques- 
tion. During the month of October 
and the first of November there is an- 
other heavy run of fish, which also read- 
ily take the fly. These salmon remain 
all winter and come down river the next 
spring. They are known as a kelt or 
"black salmon." and are long and rakish." 
They take the fly very readily and will 
oftimes put up a good fight, they break 
water a great deal but do not leap as 
high as a "bright" fish. Sometimes it 
is hard to tell whether you have hooked 
a "black" or "bright" salmon till you 
bring him ashore. For this reason it is 
best to use a large landing net instead 
of a gafT. Once you land a kelt you 
must, of course, let him go. 

_ In selecting a salmon outfit the ques- 
tion of whether you use a heavy or light 
rod depends a good deal on the' water to 
be whipped. If it is heavy and the fish 
are apt to carry you some distance down 
stream, you should buy a heavy rod. over 
thirty ounces. Many anglers on this side 
of the water use a much lighter rod ex- 
cept those who have been taught to fi'S'h 
abroad. In England they cast for salmon 
on rather stifif rods. It is most impor- 
tant, however, that you have a good 
winch and at least 100 vards of good'line. 



With this last essential practically any 
decent rod will suffice, providing you are 
not too anxious in playing a fish. It is 
in casting that a really good rod counts. 
The question of casts is to be seriously 
considered. Most of the salmon fisher- 
men I know use the single gut, but they 
are very careful to soak it well for sev- 
eral hours. Also they look out for any 
knots or fraying which comes from slip- 
ping the loop over the barb of the hook. 
These loops should be very large. The 
question of flies has been the cause of 
innumerable controversies. The Black 
Dose, Silver Doctor and Jock Scott are 
the old standbys and kill many fish on 
the Miramichi. Some prefer them tied 
with a snell, others with a steel eye. In 
the latter case you do not loop your gut, 
but tie it as you fasten your line, only 
giving an extra turn. As a rule the large 
single hook is used the first of the season 
and when the water is warm the smaller 
double hook. Each has its advantage 
and admirers among both fish and man^ 
kind. A good rod can be had for $25.00, 
a good reel for $8.00 or $10.00, an excel- 
lent line for $6.00, casts from $1.00 to 
$5.00 and flies from 50 cents up. Later 
on you may invest in a Leonard rod and 
fancy tackle, but many a king fish has 
been killed on a good greenhart or lance- 
wood rod, listed as above. The splice- 
rod is not as popular as of yore. This, 
however, is a matter of choice. If you 
use a ferule rod, be sure that the ferules 
are split and that the larger end of your 
centre piece and tips are fitted with a 
brass joint which ■ fits into place below 
the ferule. These suggestions are 
along the lines of the happy medium, for 
It IS doubtful if there is any one subject 
m the world on which experts dififer more 
widely. 

I found the Black Dose the best fly 
on this trip. I hooked and landed a black 
grilse, weighing about three pounds, on 
the morning of the twenty-fourth. As 
this day is a public holiday in Canada 
we did not fish after nine o'clock. Sev- 
eral parties came out for the day's fish- 
ing, and we abandoned the water to them. 
Shortly after six on the 25th the boss 
called us and we headed for the upper- 
pool. 



SALMON FISHING IN NEW BRUNSWICK 



209 



Before going out in the canoe or skiff 
I tried several casts from the shore. The 
fish were rising further out and we there- 
fore poled out and dropped the killock. 
For some time I tried different flies and 
then put on the one referred to. On this 
morning the wind was very strong and 
blowing upstream. It was well nigh im- 
possible to make a good cast from a point 
of vantage, where the anchor would 
hold, for, be it understood, the Miramichi 
is a swift-flowing stream. It was only 
by the combined aid of the boss's pole 



In this case I was seated in the bow of a, 
wobbling boat, the dar*k waters were lit- 
terally swirling hy in a manner to rattle 
your nerve, and my fly was tossing about 
in a mad, gurgling current. From the 
depths a truly monster fish (it seemed 
as the half-ibent body showed against the 
dimmed landscape) arose; I was particu- 
larly aware of the fact that my rod tip 
bent and that my heart broke away from 
its heart strings. Care is no name for 
the manner in which I "felt" that fish as 
the boat w-as poled ashore, and, uncon- 




Freparing Salmon for Shipment. 



and the killock that we were able to hold 
the boat at all.| I did a good deal of 
casting, and then, at Mr. Mullin's sug- 
gestion, paid out more line and allowed 
my fly to float down with the current and, 
all unannounced, the chief event took 
place. 

To those anglers who have never 
killed a salmon, any attempt to describe 
your sensations when the first fish of the 
season strikes is ludicrous in the extreme. 



scious of an upset, the uncertain footing 
of unsteady logs, I sprawled ashore. 
Just then the reel 'began to screech. 

From that on I lost all interest in the 
weather, or the uncertain and certain 
footing, or the boss's smile. For a full 
half hour that fish sulked, broke, ran out 
more line and 'broke again, and it seem- 
ed fully a half dozen times the gaff was 
all but under. All the time the reel was 
busy and then, as I found he was surely 



210 



ROD AND GL'X IX CANADA 



hooked, I made time to smile, and keep 
it up. Luckily I had a good strong 
winch and the tip of the rod possessed 
just the right amount of "play." Out 
on the pool other fish were breaking 
water and one monster swam within ten 
feet of the shore, 'between me and the 
hooked sahiion. This seemed to add to 
his fury, and having "butted"to his 
heart's content he would endeavour to 
thase his fellow traveller from the sea. 
But the sight of the other fish hastened 
the end and chancing the danger of snap- 
ping the cast I reeled in for the last time, 
stepped still further badk on the bank, and 
gurgled in my delight as the gatif yanked 
him ashore. It was an early run female 
of a little over twelve pounds in 
weight, but I was satisfied beyond any 
description of words. 

W'e did not kill any more salmon that 
morning. The weather was by no 
means pleasant and this rather moderat- 
ed our efforts. The pictures shown were 
taken in the rain and are not as clear as 
one might desire. In the afternoon fish- 
ing my companion, who had never before 
fished with a fly, landed another salmon 
and one grilse. I managed to get one 
picture just as the fish came to the gaff". 
As the freshet caused by the rain brought 
a good many logs down river we did not 
hook another fish before leaving on 
Thursday afternoon. 

On this date we leaded a boat on a 
team and drove some five miles up river. 
Here, just above the mouth of the Little 
Sevogle, we lowered her over the bank. 
and ran down. This is a beautiful trip 
and oflfens good trout fishing. There were 
any num^ber of trout in the river, but they 
did not bite. This was due to the fact 
that the spring run of smelt had been 



very large and all the trout were gorged. 
We met an Indian and a friend who had 
a large catch, made the night before while 
we were down stream. The fish were 
very large, several over two pounds, and 
full of fight. They were, of course, sea 
trout, W'ho, in many ways, fight harder 
than those fish caught in inland waters. 

We did not encounter any flies on this 
trip, and though it would be better to 
take along some dope and inside tent of 
cheesecloth, there is generally enough 
l)reeze to make the fishing pleasant. I 
asked Mr. Mullin if, in his opinion, a 
man could land from five to ten bright 
salmon in a two weeks' trip during the 
summer months. He assured me that, 
under favorable conditions, it could be 
done. Though he has kept no record, 
the salmon caug"ht in his water have gen- 
eral!} ranged from about twelve to 
eighteen pounds, which, with the trout 
fishing above, is pretty good sport. The 
few people who have fished this water 
have always come badk and this, per- 
haps, is the best recommendation any 
country could have. 

Those sportsmen who would not care 
to 'Spend their entire time on this water 
could engage Ned Menzies, of Stratha- 
dam, N.B., hire a team, and drive in to 
the head waters of the main North West, 
and run down in a canoe. There are 
several miles of fishing above where the 
salmon club holds the lease, w^hich is 
open water. I do not know whether Ned 
has any ice-house up there or ' nof. 
The trout fishin^g, however, can not be 
beaten on this continent, as they run 
over six pounds. Also you can catch 
them any time of the year you wish. 
Running down stream you could stop at 
the ]\Iullin's water or the Oxbow, as you 
deemed fit. 



Reports from British Columbia indi- 
cate that the present fishing season is 
proving an exceptionally good one. These 
reports come from fishing centres on both 
the mainland and \^ancouver Island. 
\\ hile there is no need to go far awav 



from the tow'ns for good fishing it is added 
that for those who have the time to spare 
it pays both in good sport and in results 
to visit the head waters of the rivers. 
These reports likewise include those who 
troll and anglers with the rod and line. 



Some Good Dogs 



BY C. W. YOUNG. 



POOR Old Judge I He was not much 
to look at, in the eyes of a man 
on the street, but for dog sense 
and ability to retrieve ducks, he 
beat anything in the canine line I ever 
saw. ^^'e used to shoot ducks off a 
bridge between Big and Middle Quill 
Lake in Saskatchewan, and there Old 
Judge was in his element. The ducks 
came from one lake to the other- 
and we crouched down behind the 
rails of the bridge, and as they rose to 
get over the obstacle in their way we 
would get up and let them have it. Old 
Judge would lie quiet till the shots were 
fired and then jump into the water, eight 
or ten feet, and he made quite a splu-^h 
— weig"hing fifty or sixt}' pounds — and 
collaring one or two ducks would swim 
round to land and trot to us on the 
bridge, and sit up with his paws down, 
and the birds in his mouth. He was an 
Irish water spaniel of long pedigree, and 
trained to a nicety by his former master, 
who lived in Victoria, and sent him to 
Wetasto in acknowledgment of the good 
times he had there. Cold water made 
no difference to him. he would go in 
just as readily when the ice was half an 
inch thick as in midsummer. Gentle he 
was in his manners, and fond of the 
children, and would let them do anything 
with him. 

But '"all dogs has their day." and Old 
Judge's came in a way one would least 
expect. He was drowned, and this was 
how it happened. Some bridges had 
been thrown across Wetasto Creek ; one 
was wrecked by the flood, the underpin- 
ning gave way, but the cross planks still 
floated. The Laird was crossing- one day, 
and Judge and Xeville. instead of follow- 
ing on the bridge, took the water for it. 
The current sucked them under the 
planks. Xeville managed to get out. but 
Old Judge got tangled up some way with 
the woodwork, and he could be heard 
pawing away in his efforts to reach day- 



light. Nothing could be done to help 
him, and "at last the old fellow did strug- 
gle out, but it was too late, and with one 
deep sigh he went down and that was the 
end of him. He was worthy of a better 
fate. If there is any heaven for dogs 
he will be there, and deserve it better 
than a good many men ! 

Danger and Xeville were a pair of 
Chesapeakes. dog and bitch, that came 
from Baltimore, or somewhere down that 
way, through the medium of an adverti-c- 
ment in Rod and Gun. They were pup- 
pies, but good lookers. It so happened 
that they were not trained when they 
should have been, and for a while it was 
thought they would be of no use whatever. 
Xeville's strong point seemed to be the 
killing of skunks, of which there were an 
abundance in Saskatchewan at that time. 
She had no fear of the stink, apparently, 
for she would grab a skunk just as soon 
as a piece of meat' and tear it to pieces 
and gobble them down, or if she found 
one dead it would share the same fate. 
Of course, no one could endure to have 




Old Judge 



212 



SOME GOOD DOGS 



her within smelling distance, and she was 
banished from the farm house, and kept 
in the barn till she had her puppies. One 
day I thought I would try her on ducks, 
and coaxed her into the wagon and took 
her down to the bridge. Ducks were 
plenty, but she wouldn't look at them or 
go in "the drink," and as soon as she got a 
good chance she legged it for home. 
Danger wasn't much better that year, but 
next fall, without any special instruction, 
both of them took to their business, and 
better retrievers one could not wish. They 
would bring out ducks from icy cold 
water all day long, and never seemed to 
tire of the sport. So much for heredity. 
Unfortunately, a couple of years ago 



from the num'ber of drakes that were 
flying about Wetasto Creek and around 
the shores of the lakes, there must have 
been a good many ducks hatching in the 
parts adjacent, and prospects of splendid 
sport in the fall. The drakes included 
almost all the varieties, widgeon, pintails, 
mallards, whistlers, shovellers, etc., and 
being in full plumage, were particularly 
attractive in the sunshine of the early 
spring days. 

Prairie chickens were also more plenty 
than I have seen them for some years, 
and it is likely there will be good shoot- 
ing all round when the time comes in 
September. 

It might be added, that owing to the 




Springtime on the Prairie. 



there was a lot of wolf-poisoning going 
on about Quill Lake, and some of the 
meat carelessly left around was gobbled 
by the Chesapeake pups, as well as by sev- 
eral other valuable dogs, and they turned 
up their toes, as did also some cross- 
breds, of which Old Judge, referred to 
above, was the father. We were rather 
anxious to see the latter develop, as, 'by 
some authorities, they are preferred to 
the clear thing. At present there is (;jie 
likely-looking pup, a smooth pointer dog 
out of Neville. He is really a good-look- 
ing dog, and it will be interesting to see 
what he will amount to. 

I was in Saskatchewan in ^^lav. and 



liberal bounty, and the price of the skins, 
wolves (or coyotes, as they really are) 
are getting quite scarce in some parts of 
Saskatchewan; and they are likely to dis- 
appear altogether. The same may be said 
of skunks, though there is no bounty on 
them, but their pelts are worth money if 
anybody will skin them. With these two 
pests out of the way, feathered game 
should have a good deal better chance, not 
to speak of domestic fowls, the keeping of 
which on a prairie ranch is beset with 
many difficulties, not the least of which is 
the danger from skunks and coyotes. 
Several peafowl and a lot of guineas were 
lost thus wise from Wetasto. 



\ 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Creah 



213 



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Established 1835. 7 King Street West, TORONTO, Canada 



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Our Cover Illustration 



The French River 



OUR cover illustration this month 
depicts a scene on the French 
River ^id will prove highly at- 
tractive to the great army of 
anglers. 

The French River is a name given to 
the water connections between Lake 
Xipissing and Lake Huron, and although 
not a river in the strict interpretation of 
the term it is likely to retain its historic 
name. In reality it is a lake with many 
fine islands, and the waterways between 
misled the early explorers into the belief 
that they were upon a river. From the 
time of Champlain, who traversed some 
of these waters, down to the present day, 
the fishing has been notable, and fortu- 
nate indeed were the few who have found 
their way in recent years to these beauti- 
ful waters. The difficulties of access pre- 
vented all but the most enterprising, with 
plenty of both time and money, from 
venturing so far into the wilds as the 
French River. The wonderful advan- 
tages gained by those making the trip led 
a number more to endeavor to become 
acquainted with the wonderful water- 
ways marking the territory. From either 
end, viz., from Lake Xipissing and from 
the Georgian Bay, some bolder spirits 
ventured and the reports they brought 
back were all highly favorable. 

Thanks to the enterprise of the Cana- 
dian Pacific Railway the whole of this 
vast territory is now rendered easy of 
access. There need be no fear of over- 
crowding, for thousands may go and not 
know others are there. The beauties of 
the River, with its numerous islands, can- 
not be exhausted in one season or in 
many, and wanderings may extend over 
a whole season without contact with civi- 
lization. Those who spend a vacation 
on the waters of the French River will 
lay up for themselves a store of pleasant 
reminiscences which will prove no mean 
asset in their lives. 

From any centre of population it is 



easy to reach T(jri ;uio, and from Toronto, 
via the Canadian Pacific line to Sudbury, 
the French River can be easily and pleas- 
antly reached in a few hours. By leaving 
Toronto at 9.40 a.m., Pickerel Landing 
can be reached in time for supper, 
and if the night train is preferred 
the 10.10 p.m. will land the pas- 
senger at Pickerel Landing soon 
after five in the morning. The Company 
has arranged with Mr. [Martin H. Fenton 
to act as chief guide. ^Ir. Fenton has a 
boardinsT house close bv at which accom- 
modation is afiforded. Guides, tents, 
canoes, skifts and camping outfits can be 
obtained at short notice. Gasoline laun- 
ches are to be placed on both the French 
and Pickerel Rivers, and anglers and 
campers can be speedily carried to any 
selected point and left to enjoy them- 
selves to their hearts' content. Any Buf- 
falo man, for instance, can leave his home 
one evening and catch fish for his break- 
fast in the French River the following 
morning. 

These advantages, when generally 
known, will be certain to make the French 
River widely popular. Ideal climatic 
conditions, coupled with beautiful scenery 
and fine fishing, provide attractions that 
easily prove irresistible, and the lover of 
the wild will find all that for which he 
yearns. It is a place where X'^ature has 
her sway and where the camper may es- 
cape from all the sordid cares of civilized 
life. To get back to the simple life is 
more than possible on the French River ; 
it is easy. Vacationists, whatever their 
choice, so long as it be not a crowded sea- 
side place, will be certain to find their 
ideals in one of the thousands of vantage 
points on the French or Pickerel Rivers. 
The fisherman has yet to return disap- 
pointed from either. While sport does 
not depend upon numbers, it is well to 
satisfy one's wishes in reason, and this is 
the good fortune of those who fish on the 
French River. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



215 



BOVRIL 

IS LIQUID LIFE 

BEEF is a food which is rich in all the elements necessary to the 
maintenance of health. 

BOVRIL is beef in a highly concentrated form. It contains all that 
is good in the meat and is particularly valuable on account of its rich- 
ness in organic phosphates. 

BOVRIL feeds nerve and muscle. It renews the blood and infuses 
strength and vigor into the system. 



A little Bovril spread between two thin 
slices of bread and bntter makes a taaty >nd 
nntrltlone sandwich. 



Stir a spoonful of Bovril into x glaae of 
mineral water and you liave a delightfully 
refreshing and reviving drink. 



You can use pre- 
served meats in 
so many ways 
and for so many 
purposes that you 
want the very 





Clark's Pork and Beans 



ARE 



THE BEST 



WM. CLARK 

MONTREAL, 

Manufacturer of High 
Grade Food Specialties 




Our Forest Problems 



Important Points For Consideration By Our Legislators 

BY JAMES DICKSON, O.L.S. 



1r is not yet two decades since hunting 
and trapping were prohibited in any 
portion of the 3,125 square miles com- 
prising the Algonquin National Park, 
and a handful of men put in to enforce 
the law. Perhaps nowhere has there ever 
been afforded such striking proofs of the 
reproductiveness of Nature when allowed 
a quiet interval and the handsome re- 
sponse of wild animals and birds when 
given a modicum of fair play. 

I made my first survey in that section 
in the year 1878. There was then scarce- 
ly a lake or stream without its family of 
beaver, and triangulating and getting 
round their ponds occasioned no incon- 
siderable amount of extra labor and delay. 
Later on the whole section was over run 
by white trappers. No one had prior 
rights over the other and it was a disor- 
derly scramble as to who should secure 
the largest share of the rich harvest. Had 
it not been for the drastic measures a- 
dopted by the Government, beaver in the 
Huron and Ottawa territory would long 
ere this have been as extinct as the dodo. 

The fragments of antlers and skulls 
that have been found afford abundant evi- 
dence that at one time both moose and 
elk abounded in Ontario. For a long 
time they disappeared from the Province 
altogether. The elk have never returned 
and 1875 is the earliest date I have of any 
trace of a moose being found west of the 
Ottawa and south of the Alattawa and 
French Rivers. In the fall of that year 
a half-breed Indian — I had it from his 
own lips — was hunting on the Amiel Du- 
Fond River and saw a large wild 
animal which he did not know stand- 
ing up to his dogs. True to his Ind'an 
nature, he shot it and found it w^as a 
moose. Four years afterwards, when 
I visited the locality moose trails were 
so numerous that one would have im- 
agined from the tracks that the woods 
were full of domestic cattle. 



From its establishment, the Algon- 
quin Park has been lumbered over and 
is also traversed from end to end by a 
railroad, the whistle of the engine being 
heard at all hours. Even with these 
two disturbing elements game of all 
kinds have increased in numbers, far in- 
deed beyond the most sanguine expec- 
tations of the early advocates of pro- 
tection. 

The primary objects in view of the 
promoters of that Reservation were the 
conservation of timber and water on 
the watershed and the establishment of 
a breeding ground for valuable wild ani- 
mals where they might propagate their 
kind unmolested by either rifle or trap. 
No one, however, anticipated that in less 
than tw^enty years beaver would become 
so numerous that it would become a 
necessity to thin them out. 

Ontario has several other large forest 
reserves where conditions for the propa- 
gation of game are equally as good as 
Algonquin Park, and there is every rea- 
son to suppose that similar results 
would follow were like policies applied 
to them. 

If the beaver is not molested it increas- 
es in numbers very rapidly. It is not a 
migratory animal, ever on the search for 
fresh fields and pastures new. I ques- 
tion if there is a single case on record of 
an old pair of beaver changing their 
abode so long as their dam is not inter- 
fered with and their food supply holds 
out. Of course when the old farm ceas- 
es to supply enough food to support the 
growing family, and their natural in- 
stincts warn them of the coming short- 
age, the younger members, like those of 
human families, strike off for themselves 
and they have never been known to err 
in their choice of a new location. 

It has been my privilege to travel 
much in our backwoods. In the course 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



2ir 




The club 

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Years of experience have made 
them THE PERFECT COCKTAILS 
that they are. Do not be lured 
Into buying some imitation. The 
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enough. When others are offered 
tt is for the purpose of larger prof- 
its. Insist upon having the CLUB 
COdCTAlLS, and take no other. 

G.F. HEUBLEIN & BRO., Sole Pnfrictort 

t8 Bkoadway, Nbtw York, N. Y. 

Haktvorx), Conn. Loj^son 



It's Pure—That's Sure 




Manufactured and 
Guaranteed by 

British Subjects 



Aylmer Condensed Milk Co. 

UMITED 
Aylmer, Ontario, Canada 



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hops, and in sparkling con- 
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Now when chemists announce 
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Medals 

Trophies 

Clubs will be studying their best 
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also everything in the line of 
Jewel rv. 

J AS. D. BAILEY, LTD. 

YONGE ST. ARCADE, TORONTO, ONT. 



218 



ROD AXD GUX IX CAXADA 



of my duties of surveying, observing the 
character of the country and reporting 
upon the uses for which it is best fitted, 
I have made many notes of the numbers 
and haunts of our wild animals. Long 
ago I came to the conclusion that in our 
moose, deer and fur bearers we have 
sources of wealth, which, if properly safe 
guarded, may be made to yield a hand- 
some annual revenue to the Provincial 
Treasury. 

The ruins of old farm buildings, de- 
serted clearings and miles of naked town- 
ships offer mute testimonies to the mis- 
takes made by some hardy pioneers 
when they attempted to make farms out 
of country intended by Nature to pro- 
duce timber and afford cover for wild 
animals. It would have been infinitely 
better for these men, their families, and 
for the country at large had they not 
been permitted to settle on land of such 
a character that it could not and never 
can, support a family independently of 
other sources of income. 

In some portions of Old Ontario, par- 
ticularly south of the chain of waters 
comprising the Mattawa River, Lake 
Nipissing and French River, there are 
many townships, quite worthless from an 
agricultural point of view, but which, if 
protected from fire, can always form first 
class game preserves and, with proper 
supervision in cutting, could also be de- 
pended upon to supply timber for all 
time to come. 

Immediately north of that chain of 
waters is a vast territory extending all 
across the Province from the Ottawa 
River to Manitoba and north to the re- 
cently discovered clay belt north of the 
Arctic watershed, which, with the excep- 
tion of the New Liskeard district and a 
few other limited areas, is utterly value- 
less for agriculture. 

Why should not steps be taken to pre- 
serve this vast area, to protect and hus- 
band its resources and keep it for the 
sole purpose for which it was evidently 
intended 'by Nature? 

The Crown pre hibits the cutting of tim- 
ber on any portion of the public domain 
except by those who have paid handsome 



premiums for the privilege. Every mill 
owner is required to make a sworn return 
annually of the extent of his operations 
and to pay a further sum of money on the 
lumber manufactured. The miner has to 
contribute his mite before he can begin 
to develop his claim, and then, whether it 
yields returns or not, has to spend a 
further amount on it every year and also 
pay a royalty on his output. No one is 
allowed to hunt, take or kill a deer in any 
part of the Province until he has paid a 
license fee for the privilege of so doing. 
He can then only shoot one and is allow- 
ed but a short two weeks of the year 
for his hunting. 

The fur catcher is the only man who 
can go into the woods and pursue his oc- 
cupation without having to pay anything 
for so doing. With the exception of the 
time limit he is altogether unrestricted. 
The deer hunter knows when he sets out 
that, from a financial point of view, he 
is certain to be a loser. The trapper goes 
to the woods to make money and as he 
knows where his game is to be found he 
is generally successful. 

The "poor settler" cry is still being 
vvorked for all it is worth. Those "poor 
settlers" who are constantly railing 
against the Game Laws are not akin to 
the class of men who changed the Cana- 
dian forests into rich farms and develop- 
ed the latent resources of the country — ^ 
men who went into the backwoods and 
by sheer pluck and hard work wrench- 
ed a rich farm from the howling wilder- 
ness, built schoolhouses, erected churches 
and made roads. The "poor settlers" 
of to-day care nothing for wild game. To 
them it is a matter of perfect indifference 
whether a wild animal at all is left in the 
woods. They are generally too indolent 
to work and are content to bring up their 
families in ignorance and poverty. All 
game laws are considered as infringe- 
ments of their vested rights. As farmers 
they are all failures, as artisans they are 
no good and as laborers no dependence 
can be placed upon them. Our farm ser- 
vants in the country and laborers in the 
cities are of infinitely more value to the 
countrv than the best of them. 



ROD AXn GUX IX C AX ADA 



•>1!) 



In the Good Old 
Summer Time 

Yachting. Rowing. 
Fishing. Canoeing. 
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In the Auto. 
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If your grocer does not keep 
these in his stock, write us direct. 
Made under Government Inspection. 

F. W. Fearman Co., Ltd. 

Hamilton, Ontario 



220 



KUD AND GUX IX LAXAUA 



For a number of years now the man 
who wishes for a haunch of venison or a 
set of antlers has had to pay for the 
privilege of obtaining them and has not 
dared to go into the woods without his 
license in his pocket. 

The fur catcher, however, the man who 
really makes money, can go almost where 
he likes without let or hindrance and 
take as many animals as he pleases dur- 
ing the open season. 

The deer hunter cannot ship home his 
single deer without its tag certifying that 
he has killed it under legal conditions, 
while the fur catcher can deal with his 
pelts at his own sweet will. 

It appears to me that we have now 
reached a time when the trapper should 
be required to pay a license for the 
privileges accorded him, equally with the 
man who has to pay for shooting his 
one deer. 

If I could have my way I would not 
permit a person to trap even a muskrat 
without taking out a license. Further I 
would not, even with this license, give a 
trapper a roving commission but define 
his hunting ground on his license and 
issue only one permit for the same field. 

Under the present law non-residents are 
permitted to take fur in the Province on 
payment of a $10.00 license fee. I would 
cancel that provision and prohibit all fur- 
taking in Ontario by outsiders. In the 
case of residents the license fee might be 
fixed, or by way of royalty upon each 
pelt. 

I would add to these requirements a 
similar regulation to that demanded of 
lumbermen. All trappers at the close 
of the hunting season should meet Gov- 
ernment officials at various specified 
points, produce their catch and make af- 
fidavits as to the places and periods when 
caught. At these places each pelt should 
be stamped with a broad arrow and it 
should be made a legal ofifence, a breach 
of which ought to mean a stiff penalty, 
for traders to either purchase or have in 
possession any pelts not stamped. These 
measures may seem drastic but I believe 
they are required and the time has come 
to formulate and enforce them. 



The most sanguine of the promoters 
of the Algonquin Xational Park, of 
which the writer was one, never antici- 
pated such magnificent results in the 
comparatively brief period of time since 
its reservation. 

Upwards of $3,000 worth of the most 
valuable furs have been taken from three 
square miles in a few weeks and the fur 
bearers have not been cleared out; only 
thinned a little! The fur and castor 
are not the only portions of the beaver 
that are of value. The flesh is a rare 
delicacy and has only to be placed on 
the market, under Government restric- 
tions, to command a ready sale. 

The Government adopted a proper 
course when, like wise breeders, they 
resolved upon killing off and disposing 
of their surplus stock. Fur bearers are 
not the only animals in the Park that 
can stand a little thinning. Moose and 
deer are becoming numerous. Why not 
take some of them each year and sell the 
meat? With the railway facilities at 
command there can be no difficulties in 
getting the 'carcases out. After the first 
snow still hunters could pick the choice 
of the herd and bring him down without 
disturbing another animal. 

If game is as plentiful as reported the 
surplus stock which could be taken off 
in one season would more than recoup 
the Province for all its past outlay. Half 
of the beaver in each pond and a large 
number of moose and deer might with 
advantage be killed off each year by 
Government employees, sold and the pro- 
ceeds handed over to the Provincial 
Treasury. The people of the whole Pro- 
vince have borne the expenses of protec- 
tion and they should share in the profits. 

I would like to see forces of men plac- 
ed in charge of each of Ontario's Forest 
Reservations — men trained in both wood 
and animal lore and sufficiently numer- 
ous to protect every portion, preventing 
any one from entering upon them with 
either fire arms or steel traps. All hunt- 
ing and trapping should be done under 
Government supervision and everything 
accounted for to the Government. There 
is no reason for doubt that the results 
in each case would be equally satisfac- 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



221 



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Send for Catalog' tie A. 



223 



ROD AXD GUX IX CAXADA 



tory to those already obtained in Algon- 
quin Park. 

It is a matter of regret to me that our 
Legislators could not see their way dur- 
ing the last Session to put a stop to 
hounding. I should also have liked to 
see does entirely protected — for a few 
vears at least. The callins: of the moose 



by means of the birch bark horn should 
be made a legal offence. Of all the 
methods adopted to allure an animal to 
its own destruction this is, to my mind, 
the lowest, meanest and most inde'fens- 
ible, and it is indulged in at a season 
when moose flesh is scarcely fit for hu- 
man food. 



A Successful Grizzly Bear Hunt 



BV C. PKRCY I'l.VXTOX. 



FROM Laggan. a little station in the 
heart of the Rockies, a merry 
trundle of two miles and a half 
over a picturesque road across 
the face of the mountain brings one to 
the first of the far-famed "Lakes in the 
Clouds." Here, nestling in a rocky cir- 
que, is Lake Louise, mirror-like, trans- 
parent, blue as a sapphire gem, and in a 
setting of rugged and romantic Alpine 
grandeur whose charms and loveliness 
cannot be surpassed. Towering up on 
all sides, tier a'bove tier, in overwhelm- 
ing magnificence and awe-inspiring sub- 
limity, till their lofty peaks sleep in the 
ethereal blues, are the .^tern and massive 
sentinels of the silent Rockies. 

It was amid these mountain fastnesses 
that an ardent sportsman, drawn thither 
by the call of business, found his way in 
the meridian of life. His resolute, clear- 
cut face and flashing blue eyes bespoke 
a dauntless and determined spirit. Of 
medium height, square, muscular-fram- 
ed, deep-chested, without an ounce of 
superfluous flesh, it could readily be 
seen that he was not one easily to be 
baulked or set aside from any purpose to 
which he might set his heart and mind. 
His early life in Ontario and in the 
State of Kansas, where feathered game 
are plentiful, had given him a taste for 
hunting which, after he went to Mani- 
toba in the early eighties, he found 
ample opportunity to develop. Is it 
any wonder, then, that, having arrived 
amid such wild and gorgeous scenery as 
we have described, his first thought 
when a fair day's work had been ac- 
complished was to cast a line in the 



mountain brooks for those speckled 
beauties with which they abounded ? 
To think was to act with him. So it 
was not long before, in the cool of the 
evening, the pools at the foot of dashing 
cascades or where some giant of the 
forest had fallen athwart the stream, af- 
forded him and his fellow-workmen at 
the little summer hotel — then approach- 
ing completion in a sheltered nook on 
the north bank of the lake — choice mess- 
es of these tastiest of all fish. 

It was on one of these fishing tours 
that he penetrated a lonely region of the 
mountains. Wearied and fatigued by 
his arduous tramp over rocks and hills, 
he was picking his wav back in the eerie 
gloom of the twilight when a huge, dark 
form suddenly loomed up among the 
rocks about fifty yards ahead of him. 
Curious to see the nature of the intrud- 
er, and, as it was coming in such ar dir- 
ection that it would have to pass very 
close to him. he stood still in the shadow 
of a large rock. His only weapon — or 
excuse for one — was his frail fishing 
rod. Within thirty paces came a real 
grizzly, which his quick eye readily 
discerned to be one of the largest and 
most formidable species that infest the 
Rockies, before the beast noticed him. 
It was a test of iron nerve but Plaxton 
was equal to it. For two intensely- 
thrilling minutes the man, maintaining 
a perfect calm, stared at the king of 
mountain beasts, and then Bruin relieved 
the situation by calmly resuming his 
stroll in another direction. Thankful for 
having come out with a whole skin in 
such rough company, Plaxton returned 



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HAMILTON 



CANADA 



224 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



to the hotel with a little more celerity. 
For the nonce, he was obsessed with but 
one burning determination — he had seen 
the grizzled tyrant of the hills; now he 
would conquer him. 

In due time a 45.90 Winchester rifle 
and a snapping little Irish wire-haired 
terrier arrived from Banff. Incidentally 
the intrepid hunter invited two carpen- 
ters at the hotel to join in the chase. 
They, however, were quite willing that 
he should enjoy the adventure alone, 
having, it was evident, a wholesome res- 
pect for his grizzled majesty, as he had 
been described to them in his native 
wilds. They assured him, however, with 
a twinkle in their eyes, that if they heard 
any shooting they would be sure to 
come to his rescue. 

Plaxton's first step was to build a hide 
or screen of brush on the mountain-side 
close to where he had first seen the bear. 
For several evenings he scoured this 
section of the mountain in the hope 
of meeting the grizzly and spent two 
whole nights in covert waiting for him 
to pass a certain spot. But it was not 
till the third evening that the desired 
meeting took place, when he suddenly 
espied Bruin coming down among the 
rocks about forty yards distant. 

He was a massive beast belonging to 
that rare and fierce species called the 
"mocassin foot," endowed with skill and 
strength extraordinary. The hunter 
took dead aim for the grizzly's heart. 
It was a tense moment, but thanks to a 
steady nerve and a reliable rifle, the ball 
apparently took effect, for with an in- 
furiated roar the beast threw himself 
sideways out of view. To get another 
shot Plaxton ran up a small hill. The 
bear was running away from him at a 
terrific pace, but, immediately perceiv- 
ing his enemy, turned and with a thun- 
dering bellow of wrath and challenge 
charged wildly for the hill. His mad 
career was only momentary, however, 
for a second shot knocked him down. 
He was up like a flash and plunged fur- 
iouslv up the mountain-side, running in 
such a direction as to shield himself 
behind the large timber. The enraged 
brute passed some lov.- brush about one 
hundred and fifty yards away, exposing 



his head to view. Again, he tumbled 
to Plaxton's unerring aim, but was up 
instantly and disappeared in some dense 
underbrush. During this exciting fusi- 
lade, the hunter had entirelv forgotten 
his little terrier, and was pleased to find 
him between his legs, his shaggy hair 
abristle with excitement and eyes snapp- 
ing eagerness for the fray. Darting into 
the brush, the little dog soon located 
Bruin in one of the thickest parts about 
one hundred yards away. With but one 
remaining bullet in his rifle, Plaxton 
worked his way to the spot. He found 
the bear in the middle of a little glade, 
sitting on his haunches, roaring in pain 
and shaking his massive head and deadly 
paws at the fearless terrier which 
kept running in at him with most tantal- 
izing snaps. 

A quick shot entered the grizzly's 
skull at the base. It was the conquer- 
ing blow. A huge sigh broke from his 
lungs and he sank to the earth. The 
great grizzled monarch of the Rockies 
died like a mighty Titan— the embodi- 
ment of terrible grit and furious 
strength to the last stridor— madly 
clawing, in his death throes, a hole in 
his native heath large enough to bury 
himself in. 

Meanwhile, a comical scene was being 
enacted at the hotel. 

When Humphrey and Mortlake, the 
two carpenters, heard the shots in the 
mountain, they were simultaneously 
seized with a most exuberant valor which 
found active expression in a headlong 
dash for an ancient muzzle-loader which 
adorned a wall of one of the rooms and 
was indeed the only weapon about the 
place. Tumbling over his friend, Mort- 
lake gained the room first and in a trice 
had snatched the old fowling piece from 
the hooks. 

"Powder and shot!" he cried, frantic- 
ally, to Humphrey; but the latter, in- 
wardly commending his own presence of 
mind, had anticipated these requisites. 

"In with the powder then!" urged 
Mortlake; and wildly excited Humphrey 
emptied a copious charge of shot into 
each barrel, quickly followed by wads, 
powder, etc., vigorously driven home by 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



225 



»»»»» 4. » » ». t .» » . | . » » » »»».!■ .I..!, .t. .t< -M* * : • 'I' 't' ♦ v 't' ' I ' ♦ 't' ■:< ■:■ 'H^^ »■ : ■ ■ ! ■ ■ ! ' • ! ■ ' ! ■ » ' ! ' -I' » » » » ' t > t < ' I - < V >V ' t ' ■» >t> >t> >l 't' » » 




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LAICEFIELD, ONT. 



226 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



Mortlake who manipulated the ram-rod 
with great unction. 

"Ha!" ejaculated Humphrey, with 
satisfaction, "now we can meet Mr. 
Grizzly. To the rescue !" and, armed 
with such a formidable cannon, the two 
men dashed precipitately for the moun- 
tain in the direction from which they 
had heard the shots. Scrambling up 
hill and down vale, over rocks, stumps 
and logs, the valiant rescuers, panting 
breathlessly finally encountered the hero 
viewing his big game. Their surprise 
and delight was eflfusive. Later, it 
made four men perspire freelv in dragg- 
ing the huge beast over to the hotel. 

Upon entering the drawing-room at 
Plaxton's house, the unsuspecting visit- 
or starts with alarm at what appears to 



be a couchant grizzly. But it is only 
the skin with the monstrous head rest- 
ing between the paws — the artful work 
of Tom Wilson, the taxidermist at 
Banff, who himself laughs when he 
thinks of the tourists who gathered 
around with tins to taste grizzly bear 
soup out of the pot in which he had the 
bear's head, boiling , Of course, Plax- 
ton has again to tell the story of what 
was perhaps the most thrilling adven- 
ture of his life. 

Note — As this is a true story it may 
be mentioned for the curious reader 
that the skin of this griz^ily meas- 
ures eight feet each way, its claws are 
three inches long and competent judges 
estimated its weight in fall condition at 
one thousand pounds. 



THE JOYS OF NATURE. 



BY J. R. McCREA. 



O ! good it is to be alive and scour the alder cover. 

With footsteps bent, and thoughts intent, on flushing grouse or plover. 
Or through the pines, where clinging vines, around the trees are growing, 
As o'er the hills t'he first faint gleam, of morning light is showing. 

Good. too. it is to tramp the woods, when birds o'erhead are singing. 
Attune your ear, while far and near, their anthems glad are ringing. 
To fill your heart in every part with Nature's lavish giving, 
And learn from things inanimate the deeper joys of living. 

To leave behind the sordid cares, the city's ceaseless clanging. 
And wander on till dark from dawn, "neath leafy boughs o'erhanging. 
To read the roll of Nature's scroll, some lesson from it learning. 
The truth that in its archives lies into your soul deep burning. 

Commune with Nature at her best, with bird and beast rejoicing. 
Aright to read the written screed, with one accord they're voicing, 
To dream again such dreams, as when the fires of youth were burning, 
And in the touch that makes akin to satisfy your vearning. 

Yes. good it is to be alive, when bright the day is smiling. 
And Nature's park, from dawn till dark, vour footstep is beguiling. 
Till o'er your soul, there seems to roll, deep joy with joy contending, 
A'S to your home you wend your way, with shades of night descending. 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



227 



$95.50 Coward Special Motor Boat $95.50 

This handsome Motor Boat 
built in the largest factory 
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ft. 3 in. beam. 2 H. P. 
I Perfection Engine, seats 8 
people, runs Sk miles an 
hour, is a marvel of sim- 
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Coward's Boat Factory, Kingston, Ontario 




Knock Down Frames 



For Launches. 




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If you want the Neatest, Safest and Nicest Running Boat on the water buy a "PETERBOROUGH" 
Send for illustrated Cataloeue of CANOFS and SKIFFS. 



Send for illustrated Catalogue of CANOFS and SKIFFS. 

PETERBOROUGH CANOE CO., LIMITED 

PETERBOROUGH, ONTARIO, CANADA 




We build all sizes from i8 to 45 feet, and 
carry in stock 18 to 25 ft. launches. 



M. L. BUTLER 

Motor Boata and Yacht* 
BRIGHTON - - - ONT. 



LAUNCHES 

This photo shows our grace- 
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Write for Catalogue A 



Experiences of a Woman Homesteader 

An Adventure With a Timber Wolf 



BY DOROTHY PATRICK DYAK. 



Ir was a dark, rainy evening in early 
September last year when I receiv- 
ed a thorough fright from the visit 
of a timber wolf. 
A few hundred feet from the front 
door of our forest home in Alberta, which 
we have named "Spruce Lodge," is a 
deep but narrow ravine with a grove of 
beautiful spruce trees growing along its 
whole length, terminating in a big musk- 
eg which separates us from the Medicine 
Valley. In the deepest part of the ravine, 
and directly in front of the house, a 
spring of pure ice cold water bubbles 
from under the roots of a giant spruce 
growing on our side of the ravine. So 
steep was the ascent from the house to 
the spring that my husband cut steps in 
the side and fixed a rustic hand rail to 
grasp as one descended or ascended. In 
this place also we arranged our "cold 
storage" which amounted to nothing 
more than a box with a hinged lid. sunk 
into the cold waters of the stream. Here 
we kept milk, butter, meat, etc. These 
few preliminary descriptions are neces- 
sary to the proper understanding of 
what follows. 

On the evening in question my hus- 
band was away in search of a stray cow 
and "Laddie." the dog that behaved so 
nobly when I met the bear, was with him. 
I was alone with the children and while 
preparing supper had occasion to go 
down to the "cold storage" for some but- 
ter. It was getting dusk on the hill 
and down in the ravine, under the shad- 
ow of the big spruces it was nearly dark. 
As I had no thought of wild animals 
venturing so near the house I was not 
a bit afraid. I had never seen anything 
more alarming in the ravine than a prowl- 
ing coyote and I was assured bv every- 
one about that they were perfectly harm- 
less. I had just reached the box and 
stooped to raise the lid when a slight 
noise behind me caused me to turn nuick- 



Seated on the top step of the stair, 
outlined against what little light remain- 
ed in the western sky, was an animal 
which I at first mistook for Laddie. He 
always followed me to the spring and 
sat and waited for me to ascend the 
steps. I thought it rather strange I had 
not heard my husband put the cow in 
the barn. I concluded, however, that 
Laddie had run ahead and that my hus- 
band was coming along the marsh road. 
Advancing towards the steps I said: 
"Why, old fellow, where's your master?" 
As the animal made no response, which 
Laddie never failed to do, a curious feel- 
ing came over me, and as I advanced still 
nearer he bared his teeth and snarled at 
me. Cold fear gripped my heart. It 
was no dog but a great grey shaggy crea- 
ture, with eyes that gleamed like live 
coals in the gloom, that barred my path. 
I could see the light streaming in a long 
yellow ray from the open door of the 
house above me, and I could hear the hap- 
py voices of my little ones at play inside. 
How could I get to them and protect 
them? If the monster killed me what 
would happen to the children alone and 
with the door open? These and other 
thoughts passed rapidly through my 
brain as I hesitated. Something ' had 
to be done and done quickly. A large 
stick was lying on the ground near by. 
Quick as thought I caught it up, without 
taking my eyes from the wolf, and run- 
ning up the steps I brandished my club 
threateningly and yelled as hard as I 
could. The effect of this headlong 
charge was surprising. The animal 
bounded oft into the bushes that fringed 
the path and I did a stunt towards home 
at record speed. 

In far less time than it takes to write it 
I was frantically bolting the doors, near- 
ly frightening the children into fits by my 
wild action. From the depths of the ra- 
vine I now heard a long drawm. weird cry 
that curdled mv blood. I had become ac- 



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9. 01) 




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C A IN O ES 

Basswood Cedar Canvas Covered 

Send for Catalogue. 

The William English Canoe Co. 

Peterborough, Ontario. 



A TIP TO TOURISTS 

coming to 

GEORGAIN BAY 
DISTRICT. 

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CANOES 

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RACINE BOAT MFG. CO. ..^p-c- 




230 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



customed to the howling of the coyotes 
but this sound was very different — far 
more savage and wild. I remembered 
reading that wolves were afraid of light 
and therefore I promptly lit every lamp 
in the house and all the candles, besides 
stirring up the fire. While I was thus 
engaged the horrible creature continued 
its howling. 

Meanwhile my husband, returning 
with the cow, heard the howls of the wolf 
and saw the unusual illumination while 
still far down the marsh road. He quick- 
ened his steps and was not long in arriv- 
ing. Laddie was at home first and charg- 
ed straight towards the ravine barking 
furiously. The first bark he gave silenced 
the wolf, and not another sound did I 
hear from that animal. 

With Laddie outside and my husband 
somewhere near with his 33-30 calibre 
I became very brave indeed and even 
ventured to open the door. "Hello! 
What's up?" came my husband's cheery 
voice from somewhere in the darkness. 



Oh! what a relief, so much so that it i 
quite beyond my powers to give adequat 
expression to it. I felt then as though 
could face a wolf pack, not to mention th 
lone one that had so frightened me! 

My husband insisted, although I pro 
tested vigorously, in going down the ra 
vine where we last heard the wolf. I 
was then quite dark and of course an^ 
search was useless. All that night '. 
lay awake thinking over the stories m} 
mother used to tell her children of vvolve 
in the early days of Ontario, and compar 
ing them with my own in Alberta. 

Next morning the tracks of a hug( 
wolf were plainly visible in the sodder 
earth about the spring. We left Alberts 
a few months after this occurred tf 
spend the winter in the States but dur 
ing the remainder of our stay and sinc€ 
our return, we have seen nothing more 
of our nocturnal visitor and sincerely 
hope he has visited Spruce Lodge for the 
last time. 



Fishing on the Rideau Lakes Chain 

A Woman and a Lake Trout 



BY J. A. MORIARTY. 



'Twas in the gray of early dawn 
When first the lake we spied, 

And tragments of a cloud were drawn, 
Half down the mountain side. 

Along the shore a heron flew. 

That hovered in the deepening blue, 
We heard the fish hawk's cry. 

A glorious sunrise in a land of beau- 
tiful sunrises! It was to be my 
last day in a two weeks' fishing 
and hunting outing among the 
lakes of the Rideau Chain at Newboro,' 
and my party had decided to spend the 
day on Devil and Buck La-kes in quest 
of the wily salmon or lake trout. 

On the wharf at Southworth had as- 
sembled, in the early morning, one of the 
most cosmopolitan crowds to be met with 
anywhere in the world. Here a New 
York millionaire talked face to face with 



a Philadelphia lawyer, and stood should- 
er to shoulder with a St. Louis broker. 
The bait man distributed to the guides 
the day's requirements of bass and salmon 
bait, while the far famed Newboro' guides 
moved easily among the crowd, carrying 
the lunch baskets and other necessities 
of the day. Boats were given a final 
dusting, a buzz of unrest and excitement 
vvas in the crowd. The hum of conversa- 
tion on the one eternal subject— fish — 
ceased for a minute. A breath of morn- 
ing air stirred gently the placid surface 
of the water and suddenly from across 
the bay was heard the long expected hum 
of the gasoline launch, and Jack Kerr's 
prim motbr boat 'came into view cutting 
the water and dashing the spray on all 
sides. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



231 



Dean Canoes 

carry weight safely and 
comfortably without sac- 
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speedy design that has 
earned for them a world 
wide reputation. 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE TO 

WALTER DEAN 

— SUININYSIDE, TORONTO — 

Builder of High Grade Cedar and Mahogany Racing and 

Cruising Canoes. 




♦»■>♦< 




Jas. Knapp & Sons, Proprietors 



ESTABLISHED 1850 

THE LEADING 

Launch & Boat Establishment 

IN THE DOMINION 

We make a specialty of Gaeollne Laanchea of all 
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line cut sharply through the water here 
and there as we endeavoured to land a 
beauty which in every conceivable man- 
ner tried by some unexpected manoeuvre 
to break, rod, line or hook until at last, 
completely tired out, it g-ave up the fight 



and was successfully landed. The guide 
dipped his hand in the water, gently re- 
moved the fish from the hook, and re- 
turned it to its element, practically un- 
injured. 

At noon a reckoning of our catch was 



232 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Soon it drew up at the wharf. Baskets, 
minnow buckets, fishing tackle, etc., etc., 
were handed down. We took our posi- 
tions in the commodious launch and five 
skiffs were fastened in tow. The starting 
word was given. Farewells to those 
who lingered were said, and at last we 
were off for the celebrated fishing 
grounds of Devil and Buck Lakes. 

To our left hand the gloom was not 
yet broken by the morning sun and from 
the darkness came the sweet scented odor 
of birch and pine. The little town was left 
behind, its image mirrored on the crys- 
tal waters. Past the sleeping tented 
village of many Canadian and American 
tourists, living for a few weeks the sim- 
ple life at Grass Point, we glided with 
nothing but our echoes waking the still- 
ness. Even the Pittsburg Fish Club on 
the Iron Ore Point had not awakened 
to the day's enjoyment and in a few mo- 
ments their camp was passed. The wild 
cry of the loon from its land locked bay 
broke for a moment the stillness of the 
morning. From afar inland came the 
musical chimes of the melodious cow-bell 
as the herd wended their way homeward. 
This is the land where all sounds are 
musical and all music is sweet. 

After a short run, the Little Niagara 
of the Rideau, Bedford Mills was reach- 
ed. Here the lover of Nature might gaze 
for hours in rapture at the foaming wat- 
ers tum'bling from the heights, or the 
scientist might study the enormous elec- 
trical power which is wasted annually. 

As fishermen, however, the falls had no 
attractions for us that morning and the 
making of the short portage was the duty 
of the hour. The launch was left behind, 
securely moored, and the five skiffs v/ere 
speedily drawn across by the wagoner 
in attendance. Soon the boats were 
launched in Devil Lake and all was in 
readiness for the day's outing. Almost 
without realizing it we had risen twenty 
feet and were now on the highest body 



of water east of Montreal. The air was 
sweet and clear, and owing to the high 
altitude the hay fever sufferer might wear 
all day a bouquet of golden rod and feel 
no injurious effects. Hay fever, asthma 
and kindred respiratory diseases are en- 
tirely unknown in this region which will, 
when the curative qualities of the place 
become known, be as famous as a health 
resort as it now is as a fishing resort. 

At this point our party separated. 
Three of the boats proceeded to Buck 
Lake while the remaining two remained 
in Devil Lake and I was in one of the lat- 
ter. The other three were guided by Jack 
Kerr, himself the prince of guides in Rid- 
eau waters, and included in the party 
were Mrs. Harrison and her little ten 
year old son. Only the day before I had 
watched this lady fish from a gasoline 
launch and land a twelve pound salmon. 
It was not surprising that under more 
favorable circumstances better things 
were expected of her. 

She was just an ordinary looking fish- 
erwoman, perhaps a trifle less awkward 
tihan the majority of the women who an- 
nually flock to these fishing grounds, but 
in her face and manner was plainly writ- 
ten the determination to master every 
undertaking, and to do everything just 
a little better than anyone else. 

The day was ideal for bass fishing and 
we had decided to spend the morning in 
quest of bass. We certainly had all the 
sport that it is possible to get in waters 
teeming with every species of bass weigh- 
ing from one and a half to five and some- 
times six and a half and even seven 
pounds, and every fish a fighter that de- 
lights the heart of the most fastidious 
angler. A cast of seventy-five feet was 
made for a stump. The frog skipped 
lightly on the water and then quietly 
sank. There was a moment of eager ex- 
pectancy; then we commenced to slowly 
reel in our line. Suddenly there was a 
strike and for the next few minutes the 




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ROD AXD GUN IN CANADA 



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AUTO MECHAMICS 

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234 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



made and it was found that as a result 
of our morning's sport we had captured 
fifty seven bass which had been returned 
to the water, while we still retained our 
legal catch of eight aggregating thirty- 
five pounds in weight. 

The guides found a suitable landing 
place on Papoose Island, and soon dinner 
was served in that delightful manner for 
which the Rideau guides have long been 
famous, with appetites sharpened by the 
clear, invigorating atmosphere and soul 
stirring excitement of the past few hours. 
Who can describe the delights of a lunch 
eaten in this woodland Astoria? Over a 
blazing fire, in Indian fashion, the several 
courses were cooked and on a grassy 
table they were served. Gone were all 
dangers from indigestion, dyspepsia and 
kindred ailments and well might a French 
chef die from envy as the party devour- 
ed a savory repast of chicken, bacon and 
eggs, fish, etc. 

During the morning the breeze had 
freshened. By one o'clock a stifiE gale was 
blowing which put continued fishing out 
of the question and we had almost decid- 
ed to adjourn our fishing operations for 
the day when the guides persuaded us 
to wait a couple of hours, prophesying 
that the wind would fall during the after- 
noon. 

Their forecast proved true, and about 
three o'clock the wind fell sufficiently to 
allow us to resume, and we sought the 
deep waters off Papoose Island hoping 
to have the good fortune to land a couple 
of lake trout. 

Fishing for salmon or lake trout re- 
quires more patience than fishing for any 
other member of the finny tribe. Some- 
times for two or three days the patient 
disciple of the immortal Isaac will sit 
in his 'boat under the burning sun and 
never get a single strike. For this reason 
many fishermen will not spend any of 
their time fishing for this species. But 
happy is the man or woman who has once 
felt the strike of a lively salmon. The 
sensation once felt is never forgotten and 
would well repay a month of patient 
waiting. 

I After about half an hour's fishing I 
hooked the first trout of the day and for 



the next twenty minutes I was kept very 
busy indeed trying to b.nd him. For 
actually half a mile I dragged him 
through the water, endeavoring to drown 
him. Every inch of the way he fought, 
rushing in circles, up and down, and in 
every conceivable manner striving to 
break away, and it was not until both 
fisherman and fish were thoroughly tired 
out that he -would allow himself to be 
brought close enough to the boat to be 
gafifed and safely landed. 

Two distinct species of trout abound in 
these waters — one long and narrow, beau- 
tifully formed, elegant in its movements, 
and a noble fighter running in weight 
from four to twelve pounds, and very 
much similar in looks, habits and manner 
to the Michigan grayling. The other is 
large, coarse, broad backed and deep bod- 
ied and weighing between fifteen and 
thirty pounds and is a fighter well worthy 
of a ndble foe. It was one of the former 
genus which I had landed. 

For over an hour nothing of incident 
occurred. Numerous large fish broke 
water around and about us ; evening 
came on and we did not get another 
"bite." We were deciding on pulling up 
our lines and returning to the Mills when 
Mrs. Harrison's hook caught on a sunken 
log. In spite of the combined efforts of 
herself and guide the hook held fast. 
They were unable to free it, and we were 
afraid that it would be necessary to cut 
the line and leave tackle and all in the 
lake. 

Suddenly the line cut the water in a 
semi-circle and in a moment we realized 
that the line had been in some manner 
freed by a salmon, and a large one at 
that. Then began a struggle which was 
really interesting to watch. Woman's 
wit and woman's unusual strength and 
determination matched against fish sense 
and strength, and four hundred feet of 
copper wire separating the belligerents. 

The line spun out dangerously till 
scarcely a round was left on the reel. 
Then slowly she began winding up the 
line ; inch by inch the fish came to her, 
rushing now to the bottom, then cutting 
the water in vicious sweeps that threaten- 
ed to break something, now under the 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



235 




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236 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



boat with the velocity of lightning, which 
slackened the line so suddenly that it 
nearly escaped, and getting its nose down 
swept away and broke water over two 
hundred feet from the boat. 

Even the long experienced guide show- 
ed visible signs of excitement at this, the 
first sight of the monster, and gave vent 
in short sharp notes of command, but 
made no effort to assist the nearly fat- 
igued fisherwoman, having resolved no 
doubt if a landing should be made hers 
and hers alone should be the honor of 
the great achievement. The fight went 
merrily on. For a time the fish careered 
madly around but at last, appearing to 
tire, the weary trout gave up and was 
dragged to within a few feet of the boat. 

The sight of the boat and its occup- 
pants added fresh vigor to the tired fish 
and away it raced again. For the next 
fifteen minutes the performance was re- 



peated in all its numerous changes; but 
even a fish must give up some time and 
once more it floated up to the boat appar- 
ently lifeless. Standing in the boat the 
guide poised the gafif and prepared to 
strike but even then, as fate would have 
it, the fish would not surrender. Like 
a bolt from the clouds the iron darted to- 
wards the beauty. But at the same in- 
stant the fish jumped. The gafif missed 
its mark and the fish once more darted 
away. 

The final struggle, though sharp, was 
very short and soon the wonderful trout 
lay panting in the boat. It tipped the 
scales at 29 lbs, 9^ ozs. The record sal- 
mon trout had been captured by a wo- 
man. 

On our return to Bedford Mills we 
found the rest there with a fine catch of 
salmon and bass strung up before a cam- 
era but they were soon free to shower all 
honors on our victorious fisherwoman. 



A New Brunswick Bear Hunt 



BY JOHN FARQUHAR. 



NO, I did not set out to hunt bear, 
but was led into this hunt after 
trying all I could for moose and 
did not regret the change. For 
some time I had been trapping mink and 
fox on the head waters of the Monquart 
stream. One day I discovered that several 
moose intended to take up their winter re- 
treat on the southern slope of one of the 
ridges about two miles further down the 
stream than my camping and trapping 
ground. At that time no snow had fall- 
en and the dry leaves lay so thick on the 
ground that still hunting was impossible. 
Knowing that the "white silence" 
would soon fall, I kept on trapping, leav- 
ing the moose strictly alone. When the 
snow did arrive various engagements 
kept me busily occupied for several days 
and unable to get on the trail. 

The first morning which found me free 
for an all day hunt I packed my two quart 
boiling kettle full of "grub," with some 
tea and sugar thrown in, rolled the ket- 
tle in paper to prevent it from rattling, 
placed it in the game bag, and shoulder- 



ing my favourite rifle was off on the 

trail. 

■ Fortunately the conditions for still 

hunting could not have been better — the 

snow was deep enough to keep the leaves 

from sounding crunchy underfoot and not 

deep enough to be tiresome. 

Setting out briskly I soon came to the 
ridge and sure enough there w^ere fresh 
moose tracks, but not "my moose." When 
I started to hunt him" it soon became evi- 
dent that he also was hunting. 

Up one hill, down another, over 
brooks and into many a thicket and 
swamp he went. I followed patiently 
all his wanderings until noon, when I 
arrived at the conclusion that it was no 
longer good policy to continue on his 
trail. 

Boiling the kettle and eating my lunch 
occupied little more than half an hour. 
On re-starting I crossed the north branch 
of the Monquart and took a round-about 
course for home. The way, I knew, 
would lead me over several high ridges, 
on which I was in hopes I would locate 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



237 




LADNCH FITTINGS 

Brsiss and Galvanized 

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Lamps 

Side Lights 

Compasses 
Anchors Fenders 

Flags Tiller Rope 

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OF ALL Kl IN DS 



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W%m vtritinff Advortitara Idmdig mention Bob and Gun in Gakasjl 



238 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



some moose yards. I had climbed over 
some very high ridges and was getting 
wearied, when just as I topped the high- 
est ridge of all I saw a fresh trail in the 
snow ahead of me. 

"Some other man after game," thought 
I, but on closer inspection I decided that 
it was the trail of a medium-sized bear. 
Further inspection revealed the fact that 
small tracks were intermingled with the 
big ones and apparently the she bear and 
her young ones were not far off. 

No longer was I tired, for I had come 
across a chance not to be picked up 
every day — that of finding a bear in her 
winter den. Carefully noting the direc- 
tion of the wind I worked slowly along 
the ridge, trying to find in what direction 
I might discover the bears. The task 
was not an easy one, as the bears had 
been feeding on the berries of the moun- 
tain ash, or as it i's often called, the rowan- 
wood tree, and these trees happened to 
be very plentiful on that particular ridge. 
They were heavily laden with fruit and 
the bears had made a great feast. The 
bears would climb trees, eat what they 
could reach, and knock down a lot which 
they would afterwards devour when they 
descended to the ground. 

In carrying out these tactics they had 
made a multiplicity of tracks, so confus- 
ing that it was some time before I could 
locate the den. This I found at length 
under the heavy top of a large fir tree 
that the wind had torn out by the roots, 
throwing down a small fir in its fall. On 
Hearing the den I found the undergrowth 
so thick all around it that I could only 
approach it from the windward side. 
When within twenty feet of the tree I saw 
a black ball of fur, and when I took an- 
other step it was sitting on its haunches 
— a fine she bear snapping her jaws in a 
sleepy manner. 

To aim and fire were the work of a 
second. The ball, instead of passing 
through her heart, caught a large white- 
wood bush, and passed through both fore- 
legs, close to the body. She dropped like 
lead and thinking she was all in I neg- 
lected to pump my rifle and ran round 
the tree where she was lying, licking her 
wounds. At once she rose on her hind 
legs, swung round and tore out through 
the den in the direction from which the 
shots came. 



Then, for the first time in my life, my 
rifle jammed. The bear was fifty yards 
away before I could get my rifle to work 
again. She was stumbling, leaping and 
falling, making fairly good time, when I 
dropped her again with a bullet in the 
rear. Getting up quickly she turned and 
came at me. All bloody and desperate 
she looked a mad fury as she came 
steadily on. 

Much as I disliked to spoil that shiny, 
black pelt I had to shoot again or run. 
Waiting till the enraged animal was only 
ten feet away I sent another bullet into 
her neck, close to the shoulder. 

This time she fell and was unable to 
rise. Reaching as far as she could she 
grasped a bush with her teeth and pulled 
herself towards me. This was her last 
effort and shortly afterwards she suc- 
cumbed. 

Greatly elated at my success I turned 
back to investigate the den and found 
that there had been two small bears with 
the old one. Their tracks showed plainly 
where they had gone down the ridge at a 
gallop. 

The den was a very simple affair. The 
bear I shot had her bed directly under 
the trunk of the tree. She had broken 
off the small twigs which were in the 
way and had made a neat little pile of 
them outside the den. Her bed was com- 
posed of a network of twigs and branch- 
es and served admirably to keep her fur 
off the damp ground. The other beds 
were similar but much smaller and more 
exposed, which probably accounted for 
their being wider awake than the old 
one and escaping. 

Knowing that it would be useless to 
follow, I returned to my prize and made 
a closer examination. I found her a full 
grown bear, heavily furred and very fat. 
Evidently one of her forefeet had been 
in a trap on a previous occasion, as the 
half of it was missing. This foot told of 
a struggle and of a loss. The foot had 
healed up nicely. 

Finding a bear in a den is a rare oc- 
currence in our part of New Brunswick. 
I had therefore much pleasure in finding 
myself such a fortunate individual as to 
make this capture, and when I returned 
home with my prize I had a " bear story" 
to tell. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



239 



ALIO- 
LAUNCH 
FOLDING 
TOPS 




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No. 4 A, Half Inch, Price $1 



STA-RITE 

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X 



AlvmK Ctotr^'tCaiT^yi^ai 




The Qualification Climb of Mt. Huber 



BY A. M. DALLAS. 



Many of us attended the last camp of 
the Alpine Club of Canada with the full 
intention of winning our spurs as Alpin- 
ists. We knew that this meant climb- 
ing a peak at least ten thousand feet high 
and we were all aware of the opportuni- 
ties offered the graduating members to 
qualify for the active list at the annual- 
camps. With these matters constantly 
in our minds we were interested in all the 
camp proceedings and particularly in all 
we heard about the climbs. 

On the morning of the day fixed for 
our effort we were called at half-past four. 
To crawl from under the warm blankets 
into the chilly atmosphere always prevail- 
ing in a mountain camp in the early morn- 
ing meant an eft'ort but many efforts were 
to be called forth ere the day was over 
if versions of previous climbers were cor- 
rect, and we could not shirk the first one. 
Acccordingly we arose with what cheer- 
fulness we could command, donned gar- 
ments for temporary protection against 
the cold and sallied forth across the na- 
tural lawn to the little lake which served 
as our "rain barrel." We did not linger 
over our wash basin and on our return to 
the tent speedily completed our simple 
toilettes. 

Gathered at the dining tent were twen- 
ty-five shivering mortals calling loudlv 



for something hot. These demands were 
speedily complied with by the attentive 
Celestials who were early on duty and a 
few minutes later we were at the camp- 
fire waiting to be organized into different 
parties for the stern work of the day. 

The President himself undertook this 
part of the work and did it with a quick 
decision which much impressed us all. 
He was accompanied by the guides who 
with their ropes, ruck-sacks and alpen- 
stocks looked well prepared for serious 
work. The roll was called and as each 
party of five was completed we were told 
off to the care of a particular guide, the 
importance of prompt and implicit obed- 
ience to his instructions being impressed 
upon us. The guides were told to "bring 
back the ladies at all costs — bring back 
the gentlemen if you can." 

In response to the order to march we 
fell into line and began the upward jour- 
ney to the mountain peak looming four 
thousand feet above us. We had not 
wasted time and within an hour from be- 
ing called we were on our way. The 
first stage of the journey took us along 
the well-trodden path by the margin of 
Lake O'Hara. Already the sun had 
found his way through the passes be- 
tween the different peaks. The play of 
light and shadow kept us interested untih 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



2n 




$1 .00 Brings Ycu a Genuine 

Jim Heddon 

Casting Rod 



to 



At last I have succeeded ! For years I have been trying 
make a rod that I could sell for a dollar and guarantee. 
It was mighty hard to figure out a way of making a rod which 
would come up to my quality standard, to sell at such a figure. It's 
easy enough to make a rod frcji cull material that is too poor to be 
used in a good rod and sell it at a low price. 
But I wasn't making cheap grade rods. 1 made ui, my mind that if 
I couldn't make a good rod for u dollar, I wouldn't make dollar rods. I 
never have allowed a rod to go out of our factory that I wouldn't be willing 
to use myself. Aad even if 1 wasn't such a crank in square deal principles 
my line has earned too good a reputation to start any practice now that would 
hurt it. 

Your Money Back if Not Satisfactory 

This dollar rod is built on the same principles as the "Heddon Dowagiac Rod," 
and it's made right in our own factory by our own skilled workmen. It has the 
Dowagiac two-piece construction, with short butt and long tip, which increases 
Its casting force and lessens the liability of breakage. 

It has a split bamboo tip of good quality and solid wood butt; offset, tip-top arul 
non-line cutting metal copper and nickel plated one-piece ring guides; beautiful white 
enameled handle and reel seat with nickeled hood and reel baud. It is well varnished 
and put up in a partitioned Silesia bag. Furnished in length of 5 feet only. Price $1.00i 
each, f. 0. b. Dowagiac. 

Just pin a dollar to the coupon and send it to me today. The rod will be sent right 
out. If you don't find it superior in workmanship, casting force and general design to 
the goods of others which sell for five times this price, notify me to send for it at ouv 
expense and I'll see that you get every cent back. 

The New Dowagiac Minnow Actually 
Dives and Swims 



m 



This is the most successful and ingenious bait ever devised for taking Bass, Pike, Pickerel and 

other game fishes. It's a combination floating and sinking bait. It's easy to cast and can be 

landed in just the right spot. It remains on the surface of the water until it's reeled in. 

Then it dives and comes in at an average depth of two feet under the surface. The lure does 

not sink into the weeds. This feature is a great advantage to beginners who cannot "recover" 

the luru quickly. 

When trolled or reeled at an ordinary speed it darts from side to side and describes the natural 
swimming course of a live Minnow. There is absolutely nothing about the bait that can get 
out of order. It's extremely simple and practical. 

Write for our catalog of "Dowagiac" Rods and Baits and learn all about this new minnow. 
The catalog contains many valuable hints on the "Art of Bait Casting," and is free on request. 
Clip the coupon TODAY for the dollar rod, and I'll personally guarantee the one you get. 
There will be a big demand for these rods /i r-AZ 

at this price, so send right away if you want ^Z*>vv 'rto.^/^ff-y ^ ^ 

immediate delivery. ^' 



aiR. JIM HEDDOX 

Fres. James Heddon & Sons, Box 13, 
DOWAGIAC, MICK. 
Dear Sir: — You will find a dollar bill 
attached. Kindly select a casting rod for 
me and send it at once to address below. 
I agree to pay express charges, with the 
understanding that you will send for the 
rod at your own expense and refund all 
that I pay you if the rod isn't exactly as 
represented. 

NAME 

ADDRESS 

STATE Send by Express 



JAMES HEDDON & SONS 

Box 13, DOWAGIAC, MICH. (3) 





1^42 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



at the end of the lake, the climb began. 
A steep slope, covered with soil and grass, 
gave us plenty to do for the next half hour 
and as we were seven thousand five hun- 
dred feet high our breathing began to be 
short. 

Loose rock and stones furnished our 
next experience. The grade was steep 
and care had to be taken lest a false step 
or a loose stone should cause a slip which 
might prove serious before we could be 
stopped. 



this pass to camp on account of a fie 
blizzard accompanied by intense cc 
our spirits rose and we confidently ant 
pated a successful day. While the atm 
phere was still cold we enjoyed 
warmth of the sun's rays whenever 
shadows of the mountains allowed us 
bask in them. 

At this point the guide caused us to 
roped and we knew that real clin 
ing was not far distant. In a short ti 
we reached a steep rock full fifty i 




On the Official Climb. 



By eight o'clock we reached a pass 
which gave us a splendid view of the val- 
ley from which we came. On the other 
side of the pass was a similar valley 
with a snug little lake nestling at the 
further end. Our prospects appeared en- 
-couraging. The morning was perfect, 
scarcely a cloud appearing in the clear 
blue sky. When we compared our sur- 
'roundings with those of the previous day, 
\when we were compelled to return from 



high. As this was considered a danger 
ous place for amateurs, the guides, somi 
days previously, fastened one end of i 
strong rope at the top of the ledge am 
allowed the other to hang over the preci- 
pice. As it took fifteen minutes foi 
each party to climb the rope and three 
of them were ahead of us we appeared 
doomed to wait three quarters of an 
hour on a narrow ledge in the shade of an 
overhanging mountain where it was very 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



243 



THE FAMOUS 

oonlight Floating 



Bait 



SELF-GLOWTNG. 




ay light PliAiog^raph of. the Moonlight Floating Bait) 
»od for Bats, MaskaMonge, Pike, Pickerel or 
It The Only Bait for Ni«ht Fiahing. ^>- 

•member, there it enly ONE MOONLIGHT 
T en the Market ; th at is ear*, and the OriginaL 
: postpaid for $1. k^^ 




it ii the (ame Bait as ihowa above, photographed ia 

a Dark Room by the BAITS OWN I,IGHT). 
A* this is a FLOATING BAIT, it is practically 
WBBDI^BS-^. and can be cast among weeds and 
lily pads without DANGER OF SNAGGING 

E MOONLIGHT BAIT COMPANY 

ElzclosiTe Makers, 

partment B" PAW PAW, MICHICAS 

Wm. Croft A. Sens, Toronto, Canadi^ 

CaaaiHaa Distributors. 



^f 



yy 



Steel Fishing Ro( 

Fish with a "BRISTOL" — but flsh any- 
way. Fishing is the greatest sport on 
earth. If it ever gets in your blood, you 
will fish for the rest of your life every time 
you get a chance — and if you once fish with 
a "BRISTOL," you will know that It Is not 
only the finest looking and the most reliable, 
but also the best fishing rod on earth. No 
question about it. Each rod Guaranteed 
three years. Handy nickel "BRIS- 
FREE TOL" hook remover with our 
beautiul new 1910 catalog. 
Send for them. 
^N. THE HORTOK MFG. CO., 

82 Horton St., Bristol, Conn. 



•\ 



•f? 



'^'"^i 



^^s 



.Jf- 



t\ 



FISHING TACKLE 



VERY DEALER should write for our big 150 page catalog and special deale»'« 
proposition for his Town. 

VERY FISHERMAN should send 5c. for postage for one 150 page catalog, and 
let us tell him where he can secure Fishing Tackle at best prices. 

Honnocks-lbbotson Co., Utica, N.Y., U.S.A. 

FISHING TACKLE MAKERS. 



IE WONDERFUL "COAXER " TROUT FLY! 




FLOATS ANYWHERE. 

I got 34 oo the 'Coaxer.' 



AU«10ST ALIVE. NEVER LOSES ITS SHAPE. 
^ »^ ^^8B "*^y guide said, 'these trout don't take flies. 

l^^^i^^^^HH "Caught a 15-inch brook trout on the "Ooaxer' — that's the record here.' 
l^^^^^^^^^V "I get 17 speckled beauties before breakfast that averaged 12 mcbes." 
'^^^^^^^^^K "I have caught, over 400 trout oo ooe little 'Coaxer' fly." 

"I found my little boy catching croppies with it to beat the band." 
Trout Size, 6 colors, $1.35; 12. $2.60. Bass Size, 6 colors, $1.65; 12. $3.25. 
I Stamp t.r Booklet of Bass Baits, etc.. in colors. W. J. JAMISON. 2751 POLK ST.. CHICA6e 



NEW JAMISON TROUT SPOON 

Cut shows size 6, 




Set of Four Colors, $1.00. 
Made on 2, 4 and 6 hooks. 



244 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



cold. We waited there while one partj 
made the climb, when our guide, after 
taking a critical survey of each member, 
gave us a few words of congratulation 
and braced us up with the brief comm.and 
"Follow me!" 

To our surprise he pressed by those 
who were waiting at the loose end of the 
rope, steering his course sheer against 
the face of the clifif some distance further 
on. Before we quite realized what he 
was about he had dug his nailed boots 
in the face of the clifif, found a "toe-hold," 
and was ofif up the clifif. We knew we 
must follow and be without the assist- 



rock. Already they had advanced several, 
feet in an oblique direction towards the 
upper surface. Under these circum-j 
stances desertion was impossible and 11 
followed, soon finding myself between! 
heaven and earth and with very little] 
means of support in either. 

I was fearful of looking down lest I 
should become dizzy and afraid to look 
up for fear I might become too discourag- 
ed at the prospect above. We continued 
to advance with dogged determination 
and as we did this we gained confidence 
and rather enjoyed our daring situation. 
I suppose our sensations were akin to 




Ascending Mt. Huber. 



ance of the hand rope we saw was of 
such material assistance to the others. 
A deep valley yawned below* the prospect 
above appeared anything but hopeful, and 
the idea crossed my mind of slipping out 
of the rope and returning to camp or at- 
taching myself to some other party. Be- 
fore these fleeting notions could take 
shape in action I felt a tug at the rope and 
saw that my four companions were clam- 
bering after the guide, imitating him by 
kicking and scratching in the face of the 



those of the soldier who is confident he 
is on the firing line. 

At the same time we were all relieved 
when we saw the guide standing firmly 
anchored on the top of the ledge, and still 
more so when, a few minutes later, and 
aided by gentle pulls at the rope, we join- 
ed him. 

After a rest we had an hour's hard work 
in rock climbing. We first ascended an al- 
most perfect stairway composed of layer 
upon layer of solid rock. Then we cross- 



J 



ROD AND ( 



By Royal Appointment 






England's Great Fishing 

Rod, Reel, and Tackle Manufacturers 
will mail you their large Illustrated 

Catalogue Free! 

It will pay you to import, as you get 

the highest class fishing rods and tackle 

the world has ever seen. 

Hardy's "Palakona" 

Split Bamboo Rods are the lightest and 
strongest made. 

Hardy's Alowick Qreenheart Rods 

Are superior to all others. 

Hard/8 *»Perfect" Reel 

with ball bearings and regulating check, 
fitted with a double tapered "Corona** 
line make a perfect Outfit complete. 

HARDY BROS. Ltd., : 

LentWn Depot : 61 Pall I 




taste with 
r dressers. 



SOM El 

SPLIT CAINE FISHir 

PR ACTICALL 

THIS IS THE LATEST 

strongest Rod made. Call and s« 

HENRY WILKES & CO., LTD., 76 Welli 



A LLCOCK'S REGI 

Lower Part of S 
(The Stag has 1 



246 

ed steep falls on n 
streaks of gravel and 
huge boulder to anot 

At ten o'clock we 
climbed round to the 
mountain and reached 
which clung to the ver} 
tain and stretched far 
side. For three hours 
slowly over this stretc 
ing upward. Our onl}' 
a crevasse covered by 
guide told us we wer 
long as we kept the ro 

Half way across th 
to climb a sharp shoul' 
had split the glacier in 
we had laboriously ma 
to descend for half a r'*' 
denly found ourselves 

a steep slope of solid ic* the drewy 

You save 

Footholds had been >*d *» '>«*'• 

the ice but the storms o' '" "*"•• "^ 

had drifted them full. 

for over an hour , 

cleared out the snow. 

ience proved the mo< 

of the journey. ^ 

deep in the soft surf C t,*} 

ier and our feet weiODllOlft . 

melting snow. When tl 

clearly its rays were r 

snow and ice with ten 

when it was behind a ch 

us shiver. However, w^*^ ^^^^ ^'^^^ 

with the knowledge tha 

not far distant. The seen Q h j r fQ 



249 



iNADA 




The 



Bait that certainly 
does kill fish 

THE ALLCOCK, 



ies of panoramic views r 

ten. As we looked dov 

ier we had crossed we the smooth 

the topmost ravine of t\^^^^ P^^'''^'^ 

with ice and snow hund. 

At length the guide '} *° '^"P"^^^ 
the pathway and we ac." 
using our alpenstocks an 
trusting entirely to the 
boots. __ 

Another nasty little jJl 
ten feet high, covered 
ce and snow caused usal 
trouble. There appearc 
"hand hold" nor "toe h( 



3 shirt guar- 



Co. 
Ltd. 



LAIGHT 

REDDITCH (EmI 

When writing Advertiser, ir"^^ ^^^ to be placed up 



246 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



ed steep falls on narrow ledges and 
streaks of gravel .ind jumped from one 
huge boulder to another. 

At ten o'clock we found that we had 
climbed round to the north side of the 
mountain and reached an immense glacier 
which clung to the very peak of the moun- 
tain and stretched far down its northern 
side. For three hours we made our way 
slowly over this stretch of snow, ever lead- 
ing upward. Our only danger was from 
a crevasse covered by recent snow. The 
guide told us we were perfectly safe so 
long as we kept the rope tight. 

Half way across this glacier we had 
to climb a sharp shoulder of rock which 
had split the glacier in two parts. After 
we had laboriously made the top we had 
to descend for half a mile and then sud- 
denly found ourselves on the borders of 
a steep slope of solid ice. 

Footholds had been previously cut in 
the ice but the storms of the previous day 
had drifted them full. We were detained 
for 'over an hour while the guide 
cleared out the snow, and this exper- 
ience proved the most trying portion 
of the journey. We were ankle 
deep in the soft surface of the glac- 
ier and our feet were wet with the 
melting snow. When the sun was shining 
clearly its rays were reflected from the 
snow and ice with terrible severity and 
when it was behind a clou'd the cold made 
us shiver. However, we were buoyed up 
with the knowledge that the summit was 
not far distant. The scenery gave us a ser- 
ies of panoramic views never to be forgot- 
ten. As we looked down upon the glac- 
ier we had crossed we saw that it was 
the topmost ravine of the mountain filled 
with ice and snow hundreds of feet thick. 

At length the guide finished clearing 
the pathway and we advanced- carefully 
using our alpenstocks and ice axes and not 
trusting entirely to the hob nails on our 
boots. 

Another nasty little shoulder, about 
ten feet high, covered with loose rock, 
ice and snow caused ns a great deal of 
trouble. There appeared to be neither 
"hand hold" nor "toe hold" and depend- 
ence had to be placed ni^on the rope. 



As the darkest hour is the one before 
the dawn we found the hardest climb to be 
the one immediately before the top. 
Scarcely had we conquered this serious 
obstacle when we heard a cheer from 
those in the lead and knew that they had 
won the summit. Five minutes later, 
after struggling through some soft snow, 
we joined them on the summit of Mount 
Huber, eleven thousand and forty-one feet 
above the level of the sea. We knew that 
we were mountaineers and congratulated 
each other on a notable achievement. 

After surveying the wonderful panor- 
ama in front and around us we partook 
of a hearty luncheon which we felt we 
had well earned. We cleared out the 
ruck sacks and thus relieved our excellent 
guides of a portion of their burdens. Lun- 
cheon over, we made a more careful exam- 
ination of the magnificent scenery and 
our guides pointed out many well-known 
mountain peaks by name. 

The valley appeared to open up before 
us on every side. At the far end of one of 
them small white patches indicated the 
location of our camp. A little nearer lay 
Lake O'Hara, surrounded by a belt of 
evergreen timber. A mountain stream 
appeared like a long white cord> twisted 
and tangled, as it made its boisterous way 
down the. mountain side. At another point 
we saw several small lakes at the foot of 
a huge glacier which clung between two 
high mountain peaks. In the further 
distance was a vast field of snow and ice, 
broken here and there by the rugged sum- 
mits of the highest mountains. Away to 
the south Mount Assiniboine pushed his 
snow covered crest far above his sur- 
roundings. 

As it was two o'clock and we were 
several hours from camp, the guides gave 
the word to start on the return journey. 
It was with reluctance we left the scene 
of our triumph, were once more roped 
to each other and slowly began the des- 
cent. We discovered, like many of our 
predecessors, that if climbing is difficult, 
the descent, at times- proves almost equal- 
ly so. However, with our experiences 
of the long morning fresh upon us and the 
care and consideration displayed by our 
guides we achieved the descent without 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



The 1910 Improved Kelso Automatic Reel 

It is fully gnarautet'd; maiif of the strongest and 
lishteat materials possible. ThevreiKbt is correct to 



properly balance a 5 oz. Fly Rod. 

Fishintt as a sport— gains added enjoyment when you 
use a KELSU Automatic Vieel. 

Tbisieel is not intended to catch fish for you automa- 
tically, but when aided by your hand and brain— to in- 
crease your efficiency as an angler. 
Soma of the reasons why KELSO Automatle Reel Is 

preferred to any other :— 
l»t— It makes the handling of a rod much easier as it 

ia properly balanced. 
2nd— It is large enough for bass fishing and light 
enough for trout. Can be wound up to give de- 
sired tension on line. 



H. 




3rd— It prevents the tish from getting slack line and 

then IS more nport. 
4th— Saves trouble for the angler, by keeping the line 

proper length. 
6th- It keeps the line away from under your feet and 

out of the vN'ay while wading a stream. 

6th— You would not vise an old style mozzle-loading 
rifle in placi- of an automatic, not licmuw) jou 
could not kill the game, but the automatic is more 
convenient and up to date. So is the K£LSO Auto- 
matic Keel, 

Price JS.PO at all dealers, or direct from us if nnob- 

tainable locally, 

WritP for thedescriptive Booklet of specialtiea that 
are necessary to do business with game fish successfully 
ami without trouble, and which has a sample of our 
KELSO Enamel Line enclosed, which is the best 
enamel silk made. 



J. FRO!<T & CO.. 90 Chambers Street. New York. MANVFACTrRKIW OF FISHING TACKLE 



-^ 



-^ 



Steel Fishing Reds 



FLY ROUS, 8 or 9^ feet - - . . 

BAIT RODS. 5^, 6 K or 8 feet - 
CASTING RODS, 4H . =; or 6 ftet - 
CASTING RODS, with Agate Guide and Tip 
CASTING RODS, full Agate Mountings - 



$ 1. 00 



1.50 



3-75 




Trout Flies 



For Trial— Send Us 



I8c 

30c 



for an assorted sample dozen, r^s^aliiu A Fli«c 
Rejrular price J4c«mts. VfMlliy M I IICS 

for an assorted sample dozen. OiiaIUw R FISa* 
Regnlar price, 60 cents. V^Uailiy D I IICS 

A(\f for an assorted sample dozen 
vVt Regular price, 84 cents. 

65c 



for an assorted dozen. 

Regular price, 96 cents. 



Quality C Flies 
Bass Flies 



Original and Genuine 

OLDTOWN CANOES 

Introduced and made famous by us. 
16 to 19 ft. 



THE H. H. KIFFE CO., "N^^Tvi::'' 

TUuttra4ed Catalogue free' on application. 



ISew ** Mildebrandt " Spinners 

In addition onr •t«a4*id 
Spinners we mannfaetnre a fall 
line of new baits ealled fllfli 
ni and Idaho. Slim 111 for 
black bass and other (am* lah; 
Idaho for troot and salmon. Oar new specialties In addi- 
tion te the abore wlU interest any flshennan. Bead for 
■•w Ulnitrated cataloc and tee the lateat. 
T' E J. J HIIBEBBAWDTCB. Dtiwt» g LMuyiwr. imi u ^t 





Our Agents Make $50.00 a Week 



Selling new process water color por- 
trait and gold frame. Costs 90 cent* 
complete with glass, sells for $1.98. 
Samples and instructions free. Young man in Ohio made $22.00 in one day. We are the 
largest picture and frame house in the world. One general agent wanted in each county. Give 
us reference and we will extend you thirty days' credit with steady, honorable employment 
at a big income. Our business is established twenty-five years. We are not in the picture 
and frame trust. We want honorable, trustworthy representatives only. You need no 
capital to work for us. We teach you how to make a success. Address at once, 

WILLIAMS ART COMPANY, 



2515 W.Taylor Street, 



CHICAGO, ILL. 



/« ansu'ering state "Saw advertisement in Rod and Gun in Canada. 



2^. 



248 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



e( 



St delay or accident and arrived back in 
hi camp shortly after six o'clock. 

Cheers and congratulations from our 
1 fellow members in camp were our reward, 
and after a hearty meal, which restored 
our exhausted energies, we were able to 



m 

J^take part in the pleasant proceedings 
• which marked our evenings around the 

SK ° 



1 campfire. 



Ill; 

a ' 

loi 



THE ALPINE CLUB OF CANAb^. 
Ballot for Officers of the Executive Board. 

The following have been nominated and tiie bal- 
lot papers sent out: — 



Hon. President: 
^° Sir Sandford Fleming, Ottawa. 

"^President: 

we Prof. A. P. Coleman, Toronto. 
j-Q Vice-Presidents (2); 
J John D. Patterson, Woodstock, 

"^' Dr. J. W. A. Hickson, Montreal 
a S John Watt, Toronto 

, M. P. Bridgeland, Calgary 

^ J. P. Forde^ Revelstoke 
the P. D. McTaVish, Vancouver. 
ha(Hon. Secretary 
£„_ Mrs. J. W. Henshaw, Vancouver 

. Hon. Treasurer 
y^' C. »,. Rowley, Calgary 
ienDirector 

of A. O. Wheeler, Banff. 

(JggSecretary -Treasurer: 

S. H. Mitchell, Banff. 
Librarian: 
mCi Office for present will be looked after by Sec- 
clejretary-TreaS'Urer. 
SjjQAdvisers (3): 

1 F. Veigh, Toronto. 

^"' J. B. Kay, Toronto 
US .' J. B. McLaren, Winnipeg 
wit Dr. F. C. Bell, Winnipeg 
not 
ies 

ten. 

ier 

the 

^i^] It- is claimed that New Brunswick has 

^more big game to the square mile of its 
the territory than any other province of Can- 
usii^da. At least one-third of the province 
truj's good hunting ground and most easily 
boo''6^ched, from the fact that in New Bruns- 
Awick as a whole there are more than six- 
ten '■^^^ hundred miles of railway, or a mile 
Df railroad for each nineteen miles of area. 
.Moose are found in at least twelve of the 



Rev. Thurlow Fraser, Portage La Prairie, 
Si;an]^y L. Jones, Calgary 
Rev. G. Kinney Keremeos 
C. H. Gillis, Vancouver 



ART COMPETITION, 1910. 

The Fourth Art Competition will be held during 
the Club's annual meet, commencing the 19th July, 
1910, at Consolation Valley in the Main Range of 
the Rockies. 

TERMS OF COMPETITION. 

Class 1. Alpine Scenes: Each exhibit shall con- 
sist of six i^h tographs of a size 4 x 5 or under. 
All six must be uniform as to prints and size of 
mounts. 

Class 2. Alpine Scenes: Each exhibit shall con- 
sist of four photographs of a size greater than 
4x5. All four must be uniform as to prints 
and size of mounts. 

An Alpine Scene may be defined as follows: 
A mountain Landscape containing features such as 
forest, river, torrent, lake , waterfall, icefall, 
snow and mountain peak. Groups of figures with 
these features as a background will be accepted. 

The competition is open to all members of the 
Club, except professionals, who will be judged in 
a class by themselves. 

There must be at least three entries in each 
class. 

An ice-axe suitably inscribed in silver will be 
presented as a prize in each class. 

Exhibits will be received by the Secretary- 
Treasurer at the Club House, Banff. Alberta, or in 
Camp, up to the opening day of the competition. 

All exhibits remain the property of the owners, 
if so desired. 

NOTICE. 

The Club House, Banff, will open for the season, 
June 15th. From that date all club correspond- 
ence should be addressed to Club House, Banff, 
Alberta, Canada. 



ice 
troii 



, .ourteen counties, and both moose and 
'aribou in all but two. Moose caribou, 
Dr deer are found in every county, and 



sometimes all three are in one neighbor- 
hood. The best moose grounds are in 
the counties of Restigouche, Gloucester 
and Northumberland, or what is gener- 
ally known as the North Shore of New 
Brunswick? being that portion of the 
province bordering on north-eastern sea- 
shore. There is also excellent hunting in 
the northern part of the counties of Kings 
and Queens, designated among sports- 
man as the "Canaan Woods." These 
portions of the province have been de- 
scribed as a vast game preserve. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



249 




J'or important and dress occasions ^'GKallenge" Collars Qombine extreme good taste with 
solid comfort — give that easy, natured appearance so characteristic of particular dressers. 




thQ frdmj^&w-^ 



FIT 
SNUGLY 






LOOK 
UKE UNEN 



WATEI^PROOF 

Collar^ S Guffs 

You can't tell them from linen. They are made in the latest, most fashionable models; have the dressy 
look and dull finish of the best Irish linen, and cannot wilt, no matter how warm you get. You save 
laundry expense and annoyance — a rub from a wet cloth and the "Challenge" Collar is as good as new. 
If your dealer hain't "Challenge" Brand, tend u> 25c., itating size and style of collar you desire, ot 50c per pair for cuffs, and 
we will supply you. Send to-day for our new style book— "Hints for Careful Dressers." 

THE ARLINGTON CO. OF CANADA, UMITED, 54-64 Fraser Avenue, TORONTO, CANADA " 




Do You Want Real Shirt Comfort? 

No doubt you do! 

Cotton shirts soon become damp and limp. 
Perspiration affects them. 

They require frequent laundering and do not last very 
long. 

Jaeger Pure Neglige Shirts 

are as comfortable as a shirt can be. 

They look well, the hang of the shoulders, the smooth 
fitting front and the air of distinction they have places 
them in a class by themselves. 

Good dressers - comfort seekers - have learned to depend 
on Jaeger Pure Wool Shirts for Summer wear. 

Patterns sent on application and the fit of the shirt guar- 
anteed. 



Dr. JAEGER'S ^^^ SYSTEM ui 

316 St. Catherine St. West, Montreal 

231 Yonge Street, Toronto. 
Steele Block, Portage Ave., Winnipeg. 



The Provincial Museum at Victoria, 
B. C, has long occupied an exceptional 
position in Canada and beyond its borders, 
bearing, as it does, most excellent testi- 
mony to the broadmindedness of its found- 
ers and the excellent work done by those 
who have built up and had charge of the 
collection gathered together as the result 
of many efforts. To both casual observ- 
ers and students a few hours spent in the 
museum reveal much of the past history 
of the Province and of its fauna. A fine 
guide to the collection of anthropology in 
the museum, prepared by Mr. Charles F. 
Newcomb, M.D., has just been published. 
It is twelve years ago since the last cata- 
logue was issued and during that time 
over three hundred specimens, many of 
them valuable exhibits, have been added 
to the museum. The collection, which is 
now crowded having outgrown the space 
alloted to it, has been rearranged accord- 
ing to tribes and this adds greatly to its 
interest. The guide which, is accompan- 
ied by an ethnological map of the pro- 
vince, is well illustrated, showing not only 
the best of the exhibits but also some fine 
Indian remains taken from photographs. 
A list of publications relative to the an- 
thropology of British Columbia is includ- 
ed. There are no less than seven tribes 
amongst the 25,000 Indians to be found in 
the Province — the Haida, Tsimshian, 
Kwakiutl, Nootkan, Kootenaian. Atha- 
pascan or Dene, and Salishan. The illus- 
trations of the totem poles are particular- 
ly interesting and there is also much in 
the notes on the various exhibits that can- 
not fail to attract attention of anyone in- 
terested in the stories of the former own- 
ers of the land of the Province. The guide 
is indeed creditable to the museum, 
and the museum, under the efficient care 
of Professor Kermode, continues to be a 
centre that no visitor to Victoria should 
omit to see. A few hours mav be most 



pleasantly spent there and the guide will 
add much to the pleasure of visitors, en- 
abling them to follow the exhibits with 
intelligence. 



Mn George G. Green, writing from 
Bradford, Ont., states that in the spring 
of the year the carp are seen on the flood- 
ed lands in thousands. In his neighbor- 
hood it is no uncommon sight to see acres 
covered with them, and a man with a club 
can kill a boat load in a few minutes. In 
one case, where the sight was witnessed by 
several outsiders, three men took up two 
team loads. These fish, which have 
spread so rapidly since their introduction 
to the waters of this continent, have not 
only driven awa}'" native fish but also de- 
stroyed the feeding grounds of many 
ducks. Mr. Green states that there used 
to be thousands of acres of rice beds in 
his district but owing to their destruction 
by the carp not a vestige now remains. 
In places where a bag of duck could be 
made any day, not three birds can now be 
sighted in a day's paddle. It looks as 
though some organized movement will 
have to be set on foot if the destructive 
work of this fish is to be stayed. 



"Animals are conspicuous by their ab- 
sence." This is a sentence from the re- 
port of Mr. W. T. Lindsay, M. E., of 
Truro, N. S., regarding his exploration of 
far northern Quebec. "Only two foxes 
were seen during the whole trip from the 
coast. There was no sign of caribou or 
bear, but a few wild ducks and partridge 
were shot. There were lots of trout, 
pike and whitefish in the lakes." 



To illustrate the lack of trees of any 
size in the far north of Quebec, Mr. W. T. 
Lindsay, M.E., of Truro, N.S., states that 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



251 



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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



after losing a paddle the party had to 
travel over one hundred and ten miles be- 
fore a tree was found big enough to make 
a paddle. "There was always plenty of 
wood for fuel but many times we could 
neither get spruce boughs or brush of any 
kind to make a bed." While there were 
lots of pulpwood there was little or no 
timber and the rocks below the Nipissis 
portages are generally barren. 



In the course of the exploration trip in 
the north part of Quebec, Mr. W. T. Lind- 
say, M. E., of Truro, N.S., was up the 
Manicouagin River, through the portage 
route to the Matonipi lakes where he met 
a party of prospectors from, the United 
States. The reports of the Geological 
Department had induced both parties to 
make the trip and their explorations dis- 
proved the report of Mr. Low as to iron 
deposits. "Accompanied by the Ameri- 
cans I reached a point north — northwest 
of the big lake Pletipi, where, from a high 
barren mountain top, estimated fully 
2,500 feet above the lake, could be seen 
thousands of square miles of desolation. 
To the east, ridge above ridge of rugged 
mountains ; to the west the great treeless 
valleys of the Pletipi, stretching as far as 
the eye could see; to the north, in the 
blue distance, the fantastic peaks of the 
Otis Mountains in Rupert's Land ; to the 
south, the great Lake Pletipi, with its 
hundreds of islands, and in the distance 
the faint glimmer of the Matonipies." 



Mr. H. D. Moss writes from Renfrew^ 
Ont. :— "I have read with pleasure the 
stories in your May number and particu- 
larly the one entitled "Success of the 
Metcalfe Hunt Club" by Mr. Alex. Mc- 
Callum, whom I had the pleasure of meet- 
ing last fall. In justice however, to the 
Renfrew Hunt Club and myself I would 
like to make two points clear. In the 
first place it was not any member of our 
Club A^ho shot a deer ahead of the dogs of 
•the Metcalfe Club and refused to give it 
up. As the Renfrew Club was the only 
companion club mentioned by Mr. Mc- 
Callum readers might easily assume the 
•unsportsmanlike action was performed 
by one of our number, and I would like 



to disabuse their minds on that point. 
Secondly the seventeen shots fired with- 
out harm resulting at a buck in the lake 
were not all fired by members of the Ren- 
frew Club. I myself fired six and the 
other eleven were fired by a member of 
the Metcalfe Club — a man who scored the 
second highest at a rifle range near Met- 
calfe. A little good-humored chaff hurts 
no one and I am sure Mr. McCallum did 
not wish to do the members of the Ren- 
frew Club any injustice. However it is 
just as well your readers should have the 
correct version and I think Mr. McCallum 
himself will agree with what I have writ- 
ten." 



The importance of the work before the 
Dominion Commission of Conservation, 
a lengthy notice of which in connection 
with the Toronto meeting appeared in 
our last issue, is strongly emphasized by 
the appearance of the first annual report 
which is included in a government publi- 
cation of 216 pages. This book contains 
a reprint of the act establishing the Com- 
mission, the amending act, the Order in 
Council appointing the Com.missioners, 
and the committees of the Commission. 
The papers include the Inaugural Address 
of the Hon. Clififord Sifton, M. P., the 
address by the Governor-General, "Scien- 
tific Forestry in Europe, its value and ap- 
plicability in Canada" by Dr. B. E. Fern- 
ow ; "The Conservation of Natural Re- 
sources" by Dr. James W. Robertson ; 
"Possible Economies in Production of 
Minerals in Canada" by Dr. Eugene 
Haanel ; "The Conservation of the Natur- 
al Resources of Ontario" by the Hon. 
Frank Cochrane ; "The Conservation of 
the Water-powers of Ontario" by the 
Hon. Adam Beck ; "Fish and Game in 
Ontario" by Kelly Evans ; "Fur-bearing 
Animals in Canada and how to prevent 
their Extinction" by F. T. Congdon, M. 
P. ; "Measures for the Maintenance and 
Improvement of the Public Health" by 
P. H. Bryce, M.D. ; "Diseases of the For- 
est Trees" by H. T. Gussow; "Insects De- 
structive to Canadian Forests" by Dr. C. 
Gordon Hewitt; The Water Wealth of 
Canada with Special Reference to the 
Ottawa River Basin" by Charles R. Cout- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



253 



An Eminent Writer on Camp Life says- 

" A good tent is a luxury ; a poor tent an abomination " 

If you take a "Turner" Tent on your next trip 

You Take no Chances 

Do you know our New Green Silk Tent ? If not, you would do 
well to get acquainted. 

Our New Summer Catalogue 

will soon be ready, and will contain a lot of valuable information 

for the camper. 

Agents Everywhere. If your dealer cannot supply you, write us 

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Mosquito Glove Mosquito Veil Mosquito Glove 



with whole fingers. 



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viJve for ci^ar, tobacco-pipe, etc. 



with half fingers. 



The Mosquito Gloves, made of 
greenish, impregnated cambric, 
are a perfect protection against 
stings. Quite indispensable for 
anglers, hunters, holiday makers, 
botanists, etc. 

One size for ladies and one size 
for gents. Price per pair $1.50. 





The Mosquito Veils, made of 
greenish Brussels cambric, are 
perfectly unbearable. The horse- 
hair window enables one to fee 
clearly, and the self-closing valve 
with metal frame permits 
smokinf, and is an especially great 
advantage. Price $1.00 each. 



Sold by all Sporting goods dealers; if you cannot 
buy it direct, write to 

©tto T. E. Yeit 

28 Wellington St. West, Toronto, Ont. 




254 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



lee, C.E. The titles of these papers are 
sufficient to show the spirit in which the 
Commissioners have entered upon their 
duties. If the future work of the Com- 
mission is consonant with the principles 
here laid down, and there is every hope 
that it will be, the country may well en- 
ter, in the words of the Hon. Clifford 
Sifton on "a new era." Clearly the Com- 
mission of Conservation is goin^ to have 
much to do with making the future of 
Canada a bright one. 



Dr. Cutcliffe writes from Brantford 
ing that the six Hungarian partridges 
turned out by the members of the Brant- 
ford Fish and Game Protection Associa- 
tion a year ago were seen early in May in 
their new surroundings. As no trace 
could be obtained of them for some time 
the members began to think they had 
either died or succumbed to some greedy 
shooter. All were very pleased to find 
that the birds have survived the winter 
and also the dangers always on hand 
from inconsiderate human beings- and 
trust, with a favourable summer, there 
may be quite a colony of these fine game 
birds in the neighbourhood of Brantford 
next fall. 



Mr. D. W. Tilkington writes from 
North Sydney, C. B. : I noticed the item 
in your December number regarding her- 
ons, gulls and cormorants as most de- 
structive to fish. In my opinion the most 
deadly enemy of the feathered tribe to 
our game fish, and especially trout, is the 
Loon or Great Northern Diver. It is a 
bird of immense size, weighing from 
twelve to fourteen pounds and naturally 
requires a good deal of food for its sup- 
port. As loons live chiefly upon trout 
each one m;^st, during the season, devour 
many hundreds of our best and most 
gamey fish. I would suggest that all 
sporting organizations offer a bounty for 
the destruction of the trout's greatest en- 
emy — say $1 for each adult and 50 cents 
for each young one or eggs. I believe a 
deadly warfare against these birds would 
result in an improvement in many of our 
fisheries. 



A great Provincial park has been set 
apart on Vancouver Island. The British 
Columbia Government has placed in re- I 
serve 276 square miles, extending from 
Crown Mountain south, and including all 
but the extreme northerly section of But- 
tle's Lake and the surrounding country. 
It is an extremely picturesque region, the 
mountains rising almost abruptly in plac- 
es to a height of six thousand feet, and the 
surrounding ranges being capped with 
perpetual snow and with immense glac- 
iers. 



One of the most interesting subjects 
concerning the New York Forest, Fish 
and Game Commission, and a work evi- 
dently destined to be very useful and very 
popular, is the propagation of game birds 
to restock the covers of the state. Mr. 
Whipple has just been making an in- 
spection of the farm, which comprises 170 
acres, has good buildings and is especial- 
ly adapted for the work. Harry Rodgers, 
expert in charge of the property, has made 
remarkable progress. He is a man of 
wide experience in the rearing of pheas- 
ants, having been connected with the es- 
tablishment of the Illinois Bird Farm, 
and believes the New York State Farm is 
altogether the best for the purpose. There 
are now three hundred hen and seventy 
cock birds on the place, including Hun- 
garian. English and Chinese pheasants. 
The Chinese stock is from wild birds 
brought from Oregon and is very fine. 
There are forty Hungarian partridge, two 
grouse and an excellent covey of quail. 
It is demonstrated here that the ruffed 
grouse and Hungarian partridge do not 
quarrel and that the pheasant does not 
destroy the grouse, as has been alleged. 
The pheasants are now producing about 
one hundred and eighty eggs per day — 
three thousand have already been obtain- 
ed. At the end of this season the farm 
will contain seven hundred pheasants as . 
breeders, and one hundred and seventy- 
five male birds. There are on the farm 
now two hundred hens for hatching pur- 
poses and about seven hundred will be 
required next year for that purpose. The 
eggs are worth $3.60 per dozen on the 
market and the young birds $5.00 per 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



255 



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256 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



pair. Birds should be distributed through 
the month of August. There will not be 
many for that purpose this year as the 
stock must be increased to seven hundred 
on the farm. 

At the time the farm was bought 
many suggested using uncultivated land 
owned by the state in the northern sec- 
tion for the purpose. That would be im- 
possible. A cultivated and productive 
farm must be used ; farming must be well 
done and on a large scale. There is being 
raised this year eight acres of corn, five 
acres of wheat, six acres of buckwheat, 
seven acres of oats, two acres of barley 
and four acres of Hungarian millet for the 
birds The farm will also produce thir- 
ty-five acres of hay. Ten acres of the farm 
are now used for bird pens. There are 
seventy-five pens 12xl6ft., 8>^ ft. high. 
The whole lot is fenced with wire the 
same height. Two hundred and twenty- 
five hatching coops are required, all of 
which are made on the place. Seventy- 
five acres is being fenced with galvanized 
wire fencing, 8/2 ft. high, for the young 
birds. Ten thousand feet of first-class 
dressed lumber has been used in pen and 
coop construction. Not one bird perish- 
ed during the winter. The snow^ was 
very deep, and the pens were more than 
two thirds full of snow- and at one time 
tlie birds were covered by snow for two 
days, yet withstood the inclement sea- 
son excellently, which proves their hardi- 
ness if that had not already been tested 
in this state. From a comm^ercial stand- 
point the investment in this farm will 
show as great a profit as any other invest- 
ment that the state has or can make. It 
will be equal to the fish production, which 
costs approximately $65,000 worth of 
fish each vear. 



ing one. Our resources should be nurtur- I 
ed and perpetuated, if possible- by wise 
handling; not wasted. The dissipation 
of one's health is like the dissipation of 
natural resources by the body pohtic ; it 
leads to exhaustion and disaster. It 
means commercial oblivion. It is sure 
suicide." Strong words these but not 
too strong. It is to be hoped they will 
be heeded. Further on he says: "Forests 
must prevail or we cannot. Forests had 
to precede the advent of man. The last 
man will be the sequel of the last tree." 
He points out what is being done abroad, 
notably in Germany, where forestry has 
been followed for a thousand years and 
urges a change in policy in New York 
State, if disaster is to be averted. Tree 
planting on a large scale is advocated but 
the summing up of the whole story is 
that "while lumbering must go on m ac- 
cordance with the latest scientific meth- 
ods, arboricide must stop!" 



Mr. E. Tinsley, superintendent of fish 
and game for Ontario, has brought up to 
date and issued, in a pamphlet of sixty odd 
pages, the fish and game laws of the Pro- 
vince including also the various Orders in 
Council. At a time when increasing inter- 
est is being manifested everywhere in 
fish and game preservation and allied top- 
ics, this booklet is most useful and sports- 
men should secure a copy. 



T. B. Tyrrell, M. E., the well known 
Canadian explorer, has been elected Pres- 
ident of the Canadian Institute, the old- 
est Scientific Society in Canada. 



An excellent article on "The Forests" 
by Mr. J. S. Whipple, Commissioner of 
the New York Forest, Fish and Game 
Commission has been reprinted and de- 
serves a wide circulation. While many 
of the details deal with the conditions of 
things in New York State, the principles 
urged are applicable to Canada. Mr. 
Whipple very truly says: "We have 
thrown awav an American nation in mak- 



It is reported that the efiforts of the 
Hon. F. Cochrane to secure a cancellation 
of the leases for lumbering in Algonquin 
Park have failed and that those holding 
the leases are proceeding with their work 
of destruction. Dr. Murray McFarlane, 
of Toronto, a recent visitor to the Park, 
thus expresses himself: 

"Owing to the tremendous value to 
Ontario as a future asset to attract tour- 
ists every human and legal effort should 
be made to preserve Algonquin Park in- 
violate. Expropriation proceedings 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



257 




Are Prejudiced 
That's All" 



I 



"Because your great grandfathers did not use the GILLETTE 
SAFETY RAZOR, is no reason why you should not. 

" Parade the streets in powdered wig and knee breeches — 
as your ancestors did — and see what people will think of you. 

" Here I am, shaving in ease and comfort, in a quarter of 
the time it takes you to shave with your old time devices. 

" And I have yet to cut myself the first time with the 
GILLETTE. 

" Lay aside your prejudice, old chaps, look up to the light 
and get a GILLETTE." 

Standard sets, $5 — Pocket Editions, $5 to $6. 

You will know which dealers carry GILLETTE 
RAZORS AND BLADES by the Gillette Signs. 
Look for them. 

GILLETTE SAFETY RAZOR CO. OF CANADA LIMITED 

Office and Factory, 63 St. Alexander Street, 




258 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



should be initiated and an injunction tak- 
en out as rapidly as possible to prevent 
turther devastation until the question is 
settled one way or the other." He re- 
ports that the lumbermen are beginning 
to cut the hardwood on Cache Lake, at the 
dangers Headquarters, where the hotel 
is situated, threatening to transform what 
he considers one of the greatest beauty 
spots on the continent into a scene of 
desolation Dr. McFarlane, who has seen 
most of the great forests of the world 
considers that the view from Skymount 
on Cache Lake is unsurpassed. "The 
people of Ontario do not realize the glory 
and beauty of Algonquin Park, and no 
man should ever say that he has seen 
Ontario unless he visits the park before 
Its beauty is destroyed. I think every pub- 
lic spirited citizen of Ontario should ap- 
peal at once to the member of the Legis'-a- 
ture for his district to use his influence 
in having the beauty of Algonquin Park 
preserved unimpaired to posterity " Dr 
McFarlane believed the Government 
couM make the Park self-supporting by 
cutting paths in different directions, and 
by the removal of over-ripe timber. This 
would make an excellent school for ex- 
periments in practical forestry. 

Mr. R. E. Sparks, of Kingston, Ont 
writes: 

In the March number of your vaUiable 
magazine is an interesting account of the 
Nipissing Hnnt Club's last seasor.'s hunt. 
The sportsmanlike conduct of the Club 
in foregoing shooting of small deer was 
very commendable. Unfortunately where 
some of us hunt game is not so plentiful 
and we have to take what we can get 
However, the new regulation— one man 
one deer will make us a little more in- 
dependent. By the way, I regard this 
new regulation as a good one. It will make 
hunters less desirous of shooting every- 
thing that comes along. Deer hunting 
has become so popular that our deer 
would soon become extinct if, in addition 
to the natives shooting during close sea- 
son, and wolves destroying at all seasons, 
especially when snow is deep, hunters 
were allowed to ship two deer each besides 
what were killed but never gotten. One 



good deer is sufficient for each hunter to 
take out, and only being allowed one he 
will take more pains to secure only a good 
one. I do not agree with the writer whjn 
he recommends postponing the open sea- 
son for deer until later. That would nec- 
essitate the hunting without hounds; for 
to dog the deer when the lakes were part- 
ly frozen, as they would be before the 
end of November, would mean the perish- 
ing of hundreds of deer in unwatched 
lakes into which they had been driven, 
but out of which they could not escape 
on account of the ice. I have seen in- 
stances where this might have occurred 
after a cold snap with the open season 
as it is. 

Nor do I favor hunting without dogs. 
One of the most interesting and delightful 
features of the hunt is listening to the cry- 
ing of the hounds when running. Besides 
to turn 10,000 still-hunters, (about the 
number taking out licenses each of the 
last two seasons) and many of them inex- 
perienced, would mean a very large in- 
crease in the number of fatalities. This 
is proved by comparing Michigan and 
Wisconsin, where still-hunting only is 
allowed and Ontario and Quebec where 
hounding is permissible. Last season 
being unusually warm there was no 
doubt some game spoiled. Much of that[ 
was doubtless due to lack of proper hand- 
ling. Such a warm season may not occur 
again for years. It is much more comfort- 
able watching when the weather is not 
too cold. With the latest amendments I 
consider our game law relating to deer 
huntins: is all right. 



Dr. A. P. Reed, the Provincial Health 
Officer for Nova Scotia, has forwarded 
copies of the circulars issued by his de- 
partment and prepared and written by 
himself. He has however, included in them 
papers prepared by Dr. S. N. Miller, 
Middleton, N. S., on tent life; by S. G. 
Dixon, Commissioner of Health, Pennsyl- 
vania, on the Dispensary System, and by 
F. W. W. Doane, City Engineer, Halifax, 
on Suburban Drainage. As might be ex- 
pected of an ardent advocate of the 
outdoor life the Doctor insists upon the 
necessity for plenty of fresh air if health 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




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MANUFACTURED ONLY BY I 

E. D. SMITH, Winona, Ontario | 



260 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



is to be maintained and is strongly in 
favor of Nature's cure, believing it to 
be superior to all others. He finds strong 
support in his advocacy of outdoor life 
from those whose papers are included 
with his own. The circulation of these 
papers throughout the Province should do 
much to retain the hardihood for which 
the natives of Nova Scotia are notable. 
The Doctor is doing great service in his 
preaching of the virtues of the great out- 
doors, and as a good sportsman he practic- 
es what he preaches. 



Premier Gouin, of Quebec, distinguish- 
ed himself by shooting a fine black bear 
while on a trip to Lake Edward, in May. 
The Premier's party included the Hon. 
L. A. Tascherau, Hon. R. Roy, Mr. C. 
Lanctet, Mr. G. E. Amyot, Mr. George 
Tanguay and Mr. J. P. Paradis. They 
were all successful in obtaining good 
catches of fish and were delighted with 
their experiences, the Premier remark- 
ing that he had no idea of the fine sport 
to be obtained at Lake Edward. At the 
end of May there were about seventy-five 
holiday makers and anglers from the 
States and some fifty-five guides were 
kept busy in attending to their require- 
ments. 



Under the authority of the Government 
and the personal supervision of Superin- 
tendent Bartlett, three hundred and sixty 
beaver and a few otter and muskrats 
were trapped in one small section of Al- 
gonquin Park towards the close of the 
trapping season. The pelts were taken 
to Toronto and offered for sale by tender. 
They were finally secured by the T. Eaton 
Company at a price somewhere around 
$8 per skin, making nearly $3,000 for the 
Provincial Treasury. This thinning out 
is but a tithe of what the increased num- 
bers in the Park will allow without injury, 
owing to the protection afforded. With 
more efficient preparations and longer 
notice it is contemplated to do more thin- 
ning out next season. This triumph of 
protection is being pointed to throughout 
Canada as evidence of what can be ac- 
complished by protection. Only a few 



years ago the beaver were on the point of 
extinction ; now they are doing so well the 
thinning out process can be resorted to 
with advantage both to the animals and 
the Province. 



The Governor-General of Canada has 
made his period of office notable by ex- 
tensive travels through various portions 
of the Dominion. He bad announced his 
intention of visiting Hudson Bay and 
though his temporary recall to England 
may prevent him from carrying out this 
program the fact that it was seriously con- 
templated and arranged shows everyone 
how the far north is coming within the 
range of ordinary travel. With the ex- 
tension northward of the Temiskaming 
and Northern Ontario Railway to Hud- 
son Bay, and the proposed railway from 
the west to the shores of the Bay either 
to Fort Albany or Fort Churchill any one 
who wishes to visit that great inland sea 
before the railway will have to do so 
w'ithout much delay or he will find towns 
in place of the Hudson Bay Posts which 
have retained their isolated positions for 
so" lonsf. 



It is announced that the Minister of 
the Interior, the Hon. Frank Oliver, will 
make a journey to the Peace and Mac- 
kenzie Rivers for the purpose of seeing 
for himself the advantages offered by 
those districts for settlement. It is cer- 
tainly desirable that our rulers shall, as 
far as possible, make themselves person- 
ally acquainted with the districts for 
whose wants they have to propose legis- 
lation. 



The Bisco-Mattogami-Porcupine Co. 
is busily hauling freight into the Porcu- 
pine district. Some of the very best fish- 
ing and hunting in America is to be had in 
the side trips on this route. Guides can 
be obtained of J. A. Hope, Fort Matto- 
gami, Ontario, where some of the best 
guides as well as the best territory are 
available. At that point the fishing con- 
sists of trout, dore and maskinonge, the 
shooting of moose and duck, one kind be- 
ing as good as the other. The Hudson 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



261 



ON SALE NOW 

By the Sportsman's Fly Repellent Company, Quebec, Canada 
The Sportsman's Gun Cleaner. 
" No Rxist "With Me " 

Guns oiled with this new chemical preparation will never rust. 

The most useful paste for dentists, surgeons, etc.. to keep their valuable 
instruments in perfect order. 

Hardware merchants should use this preparation, and in doing so their 
metal goods will be rust proof. Price 25c. 

For wholesale price apply to the Company. 

EN VENTE MAINTENANT 

Une decouvente chimique d'une grande utilite 
The Sportsman's Gun Cleaner— " No Rust With Me" 

Les amateurs de chasse, desireux de garder leurs amies a feu en parfait 
ordre et a I'epreuve de la rouille, devront se servir de cette merveilleuse 
preparation. 

Les dentistes, les chirurgiens et les marchands de quincaillerie trouveront 
cette pate tres utile pour tenir en parfait ordre leurs instruments et tous les 
aricles en metal. Prix 25c. 

Pour le prix du gros s'adresser a la compagnie. 

Sportsman's Fly Repellent. Quebec. Canada 



I Stark & Hills | 

♦ TORONTO % 

♦ <. 

|| To readers of " Rod and Gun % 
f Magazine "' ♦ 

•> — Your Orders For — »♦* 

I G U N S, 

I RIFLES, 

I FISHING TACKLE I 

♦ .J. 

' are solicited. Our line is complete and ;♦; 

A up-to-date. Above all, OcR Prices Will 4! 

f Please You. * 

♦ t 

f^ Our Specialty is Gun, Rifle, Revolver ^ 

X Repairing. All work given prompt and ^ 

♦ careful attention. ♦ 



Please give ut a trial. 



You will come again 



I STARK & HILLS 

I 331 Yonge St., Toronto 



EATINGS 



INSECT 



THOMAS 
KEATING, 

London, 

Eng. 



POWDER 



Bugs; 



L'sed throughout the British colonies 
to the exclusion of all similar prepara- 
tions. Kills bugs, ants, fleas, spiders, 
beetles, roaches, etc., etc. Harmless to 
all but insect life. 

Get the Genuine — At all Druggists 
In tins only 10, 15, 20 and 25 cents. 



263 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Bay Company and Booth & Shannon are 
good outfitters at Bisco, where every- 
thing can be obtained and of the best. 
This is the newest and most sporting- 
country thrown open to sportsmen for a 
long time, and with the opening up of 
the new route travellers are saved the 
heavy portaging on men's backs, there 
being wagon roads along the route. 



An additional three carloads of buffa- 
loes arrived at Wainwright, Alta.> about 
the middle of June. They were brought 
from Montana where the round-up which 
was at one time reported to be abandoned, 
was successfully resumed this year. Those 
who saw the shipment reported the ani- 
mals as the finest that ever came to the 
country. With this addition there are 
now seven hundred and fifty buffalo in 
the park. 



For some time past the privilege accord- 
ed to sportsmen throughout Ontario of 
netting minnows for bait has been woe- 
fully abused. It was not alone that some 
people used the latitude thus given them 
to make a business of catching minnows 
for the several sportsmen that required 
that form of bait, but it was found 
that nets were being placed under the 
guise of minnow nets for the detention of 
bass, maskinonge and other game fish. 
Apart altogether from the catching of 
game fish the Ontario department dis- 
covered that the privilege accorded fish- 
ermen was being so wilfully abused that 
an Order-in-Council was passed that all 
fishermen using nets should be obliged 
to take out a license, the fee being placed 
at $5.00. For the genuine sportsman us- 
ing a minnow trap the license fee was 
placed at $1.00. If even four or five 
sportsmen on fishing intent desire min- 
now bait the one license will suffice. It 
is not the real sportsman that the law is 
intended for. but the man who is endeav- 
oring to make a revenue out of it. 



the subject and long articles have ap- 
peared in the magazines. Often times 
the advice offered was of unusual merit, 
as far as it went, but the trouble is it 
seldom went far enough. A rule that 
would apply in one case would not apply 
in another. Different kinds of fish cal- 
led for different methods of casting. 
Different parts of the country and differ- 
ent kinds of water all added to the difficul- 
ty in setting aside any hard and fast rules 
to apply to bait casting in general. 
Therefore it can be easily seen that the 
ideas of any one man whose fishing ex- 
periences had been limited to only one, 
two or three sections of the country 
would naturally be valuable to only the 
fishermen in those sections. It remained 
for some expert who had fished in all 
parts of the country in all kinds of wat- 
ers to offer his experiences as a basis up- 
on which to find a rule to apply to every 
case. Mr. James Heddon, more com- 
monly known as "Ji"^" Heddon^ of Dow- 
agiac, Mich., has doubtless had more var- 
ied fishing experiences than any one man 
in the country. He has been all over the 
world and has tried his "luck" at every 
place. Furthermore he is a man with 
an inventive mind which has enabled him 
to try out his many new ideas in a prac- 
tical way. The result is that he has 
found many new methods and perfected 
scores of old ones for landing big catches 
of all kinds. He has recently published 
a very attractive and interesting Irt'le 
booklet on "The Art of Bait Casting." 
which contains many valuable hints and 
bits of advice on this wonderful art and 
in addition shows actual colored photo- 
graphs of rods and tackle that he has 
manufactured and used with unusual suc- 
cess. Any reader may obtain "The Art 
of Bait Casting" free by writing directly 
to Mr. Heddon at Dowagiac, Mich., and 
mentioning- Rod and Gun in Canada. 



Many theories have been advanced 
during the last few years as a means to 
help fishermen perfect the art of bait 
casting. Books have been written on 



A little booklet, which not only every 
member of the Alpine Club of Canada, 
but every one interested in mountain- 
eering should possess, has been issued 
by the General Passenger Department of 
the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. It is 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



263 



GETTING CLOSE TO NATURE 

BRINGS HEALTH IN ITS TRAIN, AND 

The Good Cheer Furnace 

WITH ITS 

LARGE CIRCLE WATERPAN 

Makes it possible, during the long winter term, to enjoy in your home an 
atmosphere of bright, sparkling and humid warmth, like unto that of nature. 




It's all in the uniform and adequate distribution of moisture 
in the warmed air, which the ordinary furnace with its diminutive 
waterpan is utterly incapable of supplying. 

Our booklet, " Humidity and Humanity," is worth reading, and 
if you're building, arranging to build, or even thinking of building, 
write us for a copy — it's free. 

The James Stewart Mfg. Co., Ltd. 



Winnipeg, Mam. 



WOODSTOCK, Ont. 



264 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



entitled Mount Robson and Beautiful 
Jasper Park and describes the success- 
ful ascent of Mount Robson by the 
Rev. G. R. B. Kinney. As all Alpin- 
ists know Mr. Kinney, who though a 
a Methodist minister is a born mountain- 
eer, succeeded in performing a feat which 
others with more perfect equipment fail- 
ed to achieve. Mr. Kinney's story is 
deeply interesting, and while modest in 
the extreme, conveys enough for those 
who can read between the lines and know 
what mountaineering means, to apprec- 
iate at its true worth the wonderful feat 
performed by Mr. Kinney. Jasper For- 
est Park is a reserve of 5,000 square miles 
covering both the eastern and western 
slopes of the Rockies and including with- 
in its area some magnificent peaks and 
many points of historical interest to all 
Canadians. The Grand Trunk Pacific 
will run through portions of this reserve 
and will open up to people of moderate 
means a portion of Canada, the journey 
through which will form a series of de- 
lightful views. The interest of the book- 
let is greatly enhanced by a number of 
fine views which give some small idea 
of the wonders which will be seen by 
those fortunate enough to traverse Can- 
ada, and particularly the western por- 
tions, by the new transcontinental. The 
sub-title of the booklet "Alpine Scenery 
of Unrivalled Magnificence" is fully just- 
ified. 



eating the wiping out of entire colonies. 



No less than one hundred beaver and 
and muskrat skins were seized at North 
Bay on June seventh. An Indian named 
Henry Dokis and a white man brought 
them into town the previous day from 
the Abittibi district and their efforts to 
dispose of them resulted in a seizure. 
The skins are valued at over $500 and in- 
clude those of a number of kittens, indi- 



Thc W. H. Baldwin Co. , Limited 

West Toronto 

Dealers in all kinds of Sporting Goods, Fishing 
Tackle, Trade Books and allied lines. 

To get acciminted we will send prepaid i good fishing 
line, % doz, ijut hooks, i float, assorted sinkers, i reel 
and a special rubber worm bait, worth J1.50. all for Ji.oo. 

Send for Catalogue of Sporting Good* and Fishing Tackle 



The Provincial Guides Association of 
the Province of New Brunswick was 
formed at St. John, N.B., on the afternoon 
of May 19th. Murdock McKenzie of 
Glassville was elected president, Charles 
Raynes of Fairville, Vice-president, and 
Douglas W. Clinch of St. John, Secre- 
tary-Treasurer. The committee includes 
William Gray, of Bathurst, Rainsford 
Allen, of Stone Ridge, and John Connell, 
of Chatham. The new organization is 
composed of the best guides in the Pro- 
vince and not only will it bring the stand- 
ard of guides up to the highest possible 
mark but will fill a long felt want as to 
supplying sportsmen with reliable infor- 
mation as to the fishing, shooting and 
canoeing the Province of New Brunswick 
can offer. To these sportsmen who are 
contemplating a trip after moose, caribou, 
deer, bear, salmon, trout, brant, geese, 
ducks, or woodcock, or a canoe trip 
through magnificent forests Mr. Clinch, if 
addressed at St. John, will willingly sup- 
ply detailed information if the sportsmen 
will kindly specify the exact nature of the 
trip they propose making. Mr. Clinch 
has travelled over the best shooting and 
fishing grounds and in 1909 compiled the 
Government Guide Book, a copy of which 
may be had from the Crown Land Office, 
Fredericton, N.B., together with map of 
the Province. The information has been 
collected with great care and will be 
found exactly as represented. 



Mr. Kelly Evans would like the friends 
of Fish and Game Protection throughout 
the Province and further afield to know 
that the illustrations appearing in con- 
nection with an article under his name in 
the Summer Travel Number of the Tor- 
onto Globe, of June 4th, were not author- 
ized by him, nor is he responsible in any 
way for the same. The particular illus- 
tration to which objection was taken 
showed a large catch of trout and only 
one man appeared in the picture. The 
catch, however, was not the work of one 
individual, even though on a virgin 
stream. 



ROD AXD GUX IX CANADA, 



265 





COMFORT 



is. the first I essential of the 



Sportsman. Your feet have 
to stand the hardest knocks. Protect them with 
WITCH-ELK BOOTS, the lightest and easiest boot 
on the market Made in all heights for Ladies and 
GenUemen. Ask your dealer to order a pair or wnte 
for Catalog " R. and G." 

,We make a strong line of Golf, Tennis and Yachting Shoes). 

WITCHELL-SHEILL COMPANY 

Mfgrs. Sporting and Athletic Footwear. DETROIT. MICH. 



Report of Ontario Game and Fish Commissio 



The first report of Mr. A. Kelly Evans, 
who a year ago was appointed Fish and 
Game Commissioner for Ontario, with in- 
structions to inquire into the whole sub- 
ject of Fish and Game and furnish recom- 
mendations with reg-ard to the same, has 
been issued as a Government publication. 
In view of the extreme interest taken in 
protective work by our readers, and to 
furnish a wider circulation than is usually 
given to Government reports, we will 
publish the whole of this report in our 
next issue, thus enabling our readers to 
possess a copy of a document which will 
probably be widely quoted in the future 
and may furnish the basis of many legis- 
lative enactments. 

In the meantime we may state that the 
Commissioner, while recommending radi- 
cal reforms of the outside service, express- 
es the opinion that most of the harm done 
to fish, game and fur-bearing animals is 
the work of a comparatively small num- 
ber of unscrupulous and lawless individu- 
als, and to expect officials to run the risk 
of bodily injury at the hands of such men 
is ridiculous. 

Some instances of startling inefificiency 
are quoted by Mr. Evans. ^ Some of the 
deputy wardens are incapable of handling 
a boat, one is ninety years of age, a third 
has been known to go with a shooting 
party and engage with them in the 
slaughter of game during the close season. 
'These are absurdities, yet they are the 
inevitable and direct outcome of a system 
m which the most obvious and indispen- 
sable qualifications have been crushed 
aside in favor of a party rosette." 

Recommendations are made in favor 
of fewer and better paid officials and of 
future engagements depending upon 
knowledge and experience. Mr. Evans 
recognises that while it is possible to 
improve in detail the present game laws 
and fishery regulations— they are fairly 
satisfactory in the main, the weak part 
being in the matter of enforcement Un- 
til the present system is swept away the 
service will not reach the point of ef- 



ner 



ficiency desirable for the general welfare 
of the Province. 

The Commissioner goes into details 
with respect to the fishery protective ser- 
vice and strongly urges the adoption of 
the principle of provincial fish hatcheries. 
Men should be trained so as to be capable 
at the proper time of taking charge of 
these hatcheries. 

The Department of Agriculture in con- 
junction with the Gam.e and Fisheries 
Department should undertake the educa- 
tion of the people so that they may real- 
ize to some extent the economic value of 
birds as safeguards to agriculture and 
the value of fish and game'both as sourc- 
es of food supply and as attractions to 
tourists by the publishing of bulletins 
similar to those issued by the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture at Washington. 

Additions are recommended to the Al- 
gonquin Park, an increase to the staff and 
the thinning out of fur-bearers under 
Government supervision, while its ad- 
vantages as a training ground for forest- 
ry^ students at Toronto University are 
pointed out. . 

The advisability of placing the Depart- ' 
ment of Fish and Game under the control 
of a small working Commission, some- 
what after the model of the Temiskaming 
and Northern Ontario Railway Commis- I 
sion, is also urged. 1 

The Commissioner recommends that 
each sportsman be allowed "one horned 
deer."^^ He advocates the adoption of the 
rule "never shoot until you see the 
horns," as a method of preserving the 
fawns and as a means of preserving 
human life in the forest, for almost all | 
huntmg accidents are the result of snap- ^ 
shootine. 



D 



by Mail. 



rug Specialties 
Free 

?rH.7f7 ^d^'kP <^^talo/"e, containing full list of Toilet 
Wh r fnc Q^i ^'^^ c^°°'^'' ^'•"sses, Elastic Stockings, 
Whirling Spray, Syringes, Rtc. and Hand.ome Priz^ 
Conte.t. Correspondence confidential. Order direct 
and save money. We pay postage "ucli 

ELGIN SPECIALTY CO., St. Thoma.. Ont. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



^67 



«ao SUIT 

to n^ee^^tire 

FOR «8 

Curzon's $8 Suit has been valued by 
thousands of their Canadian friends at $20. 

All Curzon clothing is sold with a guarantee 
(satisfaction given or money returned) and is 
produced from genuine British Textiles. 

That " There's comfort in ihe Curzon cut " 
is no mere idle statement, and is a truth which 
has been attested by clients residing at all 
points of the habitable Globe. 

Greatest attention is paid to the cutting of 
every individual order, and the style of 
production of these suits is equal to anything 
sold anywhere at twice and thrice the money — at least, this 
is what the Curzon clientele say about the Curzon 88 Suit. 

Then there is the tailoring. As is well known, London 
is the hub of the tailoring craft, and Messrs. Curzon Bros., 
as practical tailoring experts themselves, are in a position to secure 
the most qualified workmen in the trade. For all these reasons 
Curzon tailoring is sold with the following guarantee : — 

SATISFACTION GUARANTEED OR MONEY RETURNED IN FULL. 

Awarded 2 Gold Medals for Tailoring Excellence. 

Our methods appeal to the thoughtful man : that is perhaps 
why we number among our clientele such well-known men as the 
following: — Rev. R. J. Campbell, Hon. G. E. Foster, M.P., 
Horatio Bottomley, M.P., Lieut. -Col. A. E. Belcher, Lieut. -Col. 
Dr. S. H. Glasgow, Hon. R. R. Fitzgerald, Rev. Canon Davidson, 
Coate Ub-ildo Beni, Lieut.-Col. Hugh Clarke, J. P. Downey, M.P., 
W. H. Doyle, M.P., Hon. F. W. Aylmer, Mr. Eustace Miles, Dr. T. 
Major-Gen. J. C. Kinchant, Mr. Matheson Lang, Mr. Montague Holbein. 

Fill in a post card and address same to us as below, asking for our latest assortment 
of materials. Together with patterns, we send you fashion-plates and complete instruc- 
tions for accurate self -measurement, tape measure, all sent free and carriage paid. We 
dispatch your order within seven days, and if you do not approve, return the goods, and 
we will refund the money. 

S20 SUIX XO MEASURE FOR $8. 

The World's 
Measure Tailors. 

(Dept 94 ) 60/62 CITY ROAD, LONDON, ENGLAND. 

Address op Patterns: 
CURZON BROS., c/o THE CLOUGHER SYNDICATE (Dept 9\ ), 

450 Confederation Life Buildings, TORONTO. 

Please mention this paper 






1 


TRADE 


NOTES 


1 



The Canadian Fairbanks Company report the 
following sales: — 

Hon. S. N. Parent, Cuairman Transcontinental 
Ry. Commission, 7 H. P., Double Cyl., Fairbanks 
Morse Engine, for family use at Lachine, 

B. J. Bennett of Thetford Mines bought a 25 ft. 
Motor Boat equipped with 18 H. P. Engine, to be 
user at the Stadacona Fish and Game Club, 
Stadacona, Que. 

L\lbert Pelletier bought a 35' x 7' 9" hunting 
Cabin Cruiser equipped with an 18 H. P. F. M. 
Engine to be used at Iberville and Lake Champ- 
lain. 

They have also sold several other complete 
outfit.! Engine and Boat, and there is hardly a 
watering-place in Canada where Fairbanks Morse 
Engines are not in strong evidence. 

The factory at Toronto is away behind in get- 
ting out the orders they have on hand at present,: 
and the indications are that a very good season 
is assured for the Motor Boat enthusiasts. 



All gunners should have their attention directed 
to Daniel's Concentric Sight which combines the 
good points of the old flat top straight bar with 
the perfect centre and optical principles of the 
peep sight. The flat top bar has a straight 
upper edge and is provided between its ends with 
a slight notch; a strong semi-circular hood mount- 
ed on the bar and located above the sight notch 
and arranged concentric with same, said bar being 
extended beyond the hood, at opposite sides there- 
of, and a hooped ring of ivory or German silver 
fitted within the hood and surrounding the sight 
notch. The concentric sight enables the eye to 
find the centre instantly and with unvarying 
regularity. The slight variation from the centre 
is immediately shown by the surrounding circle 
or ring which acts as a guide in holding the eye 
at this point, compelling perfect alignment of 
sights at all times and under any conditions ^^ 
weather and light. The sight is specially adapted 
to quick work for hunting rifles, while at the 
same time it makes a superior target sight. The 
cost is $2.00 and they can be obtained from 
Charles Daniel, Melbourne, Wash. 



The Savage Arms Company have just issued 
a new catalogue, illustrating and fully describing 
a complete list of their various lines of manu- 
facture. This catalogue is considered by many 
to be one of the finest illustrated and most 
beautifully designed of any ever published, either 
within or without the firearms world. The 



idea introduced and carried out presents an en- 
tirely new departure in this kind of production. 
It is best known by the name of a "sales cata- 
logue" and that it purely is, for only such 
information is given as is required by the man 
who contemplates buj'ing a rifle, pistol, etc. 
Other matter pertaining to repairs, parts, in- 
struction as to dismounting, etc., are covered by 
a little booklet known as the "Savage Parts 
Book." It will be readily observed what a 
novel idea this really is. For instance, a man 
wio is considering buying a gun does not, on 
looking over the illustrations and aescriptions of 
the various kinds, want to be confronted at first 
glance with what kinds of repairs, new parts, 
etc., he is going to require for them. This 
alone is sufficient to frighten him from investing 
his good money at all in firearms, giving him 
the impression tliat they are going to become 
a very expensive proposition to him. The Savage 
Arms Company are to be congratulated on their 
keen insight into modern business conditions in 
observing what is really necessary to stimulate 
sales. They deserve every success this new 
scheme is bound to bring about in increasing 
the sales of their product. This Company's new 
catalogue is not only a great credit to them be- 
cause of the novel idea devised and the useful 
information on Savage goods it contains, but 
also because of the high grade of art work 
attained making the illustrated portions resemble 
the original as to appear almost identical; sim- 
plicity in the arrangements of various lines, 
indicating the great ease with which anything 
can be located; clear and excellent quality of 
type used in printing, making the reading matter 
so legible as to be really a pleasure instead of a 
monotonj^ to read this interesting talk carefully 
over. It will therefore be greatly to the interests 
and benefit of all sportsmen to have one of these 
new books on firearms and firearrns talk in his 
possession and the Company will be pleased to 
supply a copy on application being made to them 
direct at Utica, N. Y., and mentioning Rod and 
Gun in Canada. 



A Life-Preserver Cushion, for which higli claims 
are made, is placed in the market by Messrs. 
Summer & Wiggins, 471-473 Spadina Avenue, Tor- 
onto. The cushion is described as luxuriously 
comfortable, and the filling being non-absorbent 
it is never, cold, soggy or misshapen and does 
now mildew or rot the coverincr. The cushion 
beintr fillel by an air-compresi=ed machine even- 
ness is ensured. ( The strong statement, which the 
manufacturers =ay they can prove, is put forth 
to the effect that these cushions will float twenty 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



269 



FOR YOUR 
HOLIDAYS 

AND YOUR 

FISHING 
EXCURSIONS 

Make use of the 

Antiseptic and Anti- 
Mosqaito 

Sportsman's Fly 

Repellent" 

md you will be proof 
against the stings of tli« 
terrible mosquitoes, Black 
Flies and other such inseets. 



This new ehemicsl preparation is recommended hj the best known sportsmen of Canada, eaxi 
the United States. Agreeable odor and is in no way injurious to the olearesit complexion and 
tihe most sensitive skin. Satisfaction guaranteed or money back. This paste does not de- 
compose or become liquid from the heat of the sun. Our Fly Eepelelnt is the only Fly Paste 
patronized by the Engineers of the Transcontinental Railway. On sale by all leading mer- 
chants of Canada and the United States. Price 25c. Post free. For wholesale prices apply 
to H. HAINS, General Manager of the Sportsman's Fly Sepellent Co., 87 Couillard street, Qaebec. 




THE EMPIRE 

A CANADIAN MADE TYPEWRITER 



Perfectiop 




in Its 
Simplicity 



PRI CE $60 ONLY 

Manifolding Qualities Unexoelled 
W&ITINa ALWAYS DC BIGHT 

If you require a Typewritw you can find nene that 
ill suit you better than the "Empire." 



THE WILLIAMS MFG. CO 



MONTREAL 



: The SEASON for 

Black Flies, 
Mosquitoes, 
and Insects 
generally 

is the SEASON for 

1 CALVERT S 

I 20% Carbolic Soap. 

Use a light lather only 
— that is all you need with 
such a strong Carbolic Soap, 
whether you want it to prevent 
their attacks, or to give a bitten 
spot an antiseptic cleansing. 

Each tablet in handy metal box, 30 cts. 
from your druggist. Booklet free from i 
F. C. Calvert & Co.. 349 Dorchester 
Street West, Montreal. 



2ro 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



#* 



For Black Tongue 

IN DOGS 
GLOVERS IMPERIAL REMEDY 

The only thing that has met and 
mastered the trouble 

PRICE - - 50 CENTS PER BOTTLE 

Druggists and Sporting Goods Dealers 



Free Book on Dog Dii 

H. CLAY GLOVER. 

ii8 West3i«t Street, 



V. s. 

New York City 






per cent more weight and hold it up tne times 
as long as any cork cushion made. They have 
passed the Government test for floating and 
supporting weight and the manufacturers guar- 
antee the cushion to do this for days at a time 
no matter how old the cushion. The secret is in 
the filling which consists of an imported, silky, 
downy, cream-colored fibre of exceptional life and 
resilience and absolutely non-absorbent. The 
pries of the cushions run down from 80 cents to 
$1,25 per square foot and can be made to any 
pattern required. lA life-saving pillow is also 
made by them. They invite correspondence and 
readers who will mention Rod ond Gun in Can-^da 
may be assured of the best treatment. 



Messrs. Schultz Brothers, of Brantford. Ont., 
who are meeting with success with their portable 
houses, have recently shipped their first house of 
this kind to Alberta. 



-Messrs. R. E. Hardy & Co., the makers of the 
well-known Sta-rite double porcelain plugs, have 
commenced their manufacture in Canada? having 
secured patent number 112,392. The Canadian 
office is located at 2 Oullette Street. Windsor, 
Ont., and Mr. E. A. Xiederstadt has been placed 
in charge. 



Thomas Keating's Insect Powder is finding 
favor among Hunters and Summer Tourists in 
Canada. This preparation is widely sold through- 
out the British Empire wherever insect life has 
to be contended against. It is sure death to all 
forms of bugs, beetles, ants, spiders, roaches, and 
all winged insects, but it is harmless to all ex- 
cept insect life. This makes it a very valuable 
addition to the kit of a hunter or summer excur- 
sionist. 



A fine catalogue of ignition and electrical spec- 
ialties is that issued by R. H. Sorensen, Walker- 



ville, Onr. The firm makes a specialty of hi^^h 
grade, single cylinder box coils at $5.00 each and 
guaranteed spark plugs, in either mica or porce- 
lain, at $1.00, and spit fire plugs at $1.50 each. 
All other motor boat and auto supplies kept 
in stock. A copy of the catalogue will be 
forwarded to readers who will applv direct to 
the firm at Walkerville for it and mention "Rod 
and Gun in Canada." 



The Toronto Auto Top and Body Co have 
just commenced business in their new premises 
m Royce and Osier Avenues. Their factory has 
a^floor space oi 35,000 square feet, is steam heated 
throughout and is equipped with the very latest 
and most up to date machinery with every' facility 
for getting the work out in large quantities. 
Ihey have one of the best arranged Dry Kilns in 
Canada, 18 x 70, capable of holding 12 cars 
of lumber at one time. Thev have a capacitv 
m the trimming shop of 10.000 Auto Tops an- 
nually and will employ none but skilled workmen 
in every department. The officers of this Com- 
pany are:— Messrs. Eugene Reeb, Pres't., C W 
Whitmore, Vice-President and Supt., W. D. 
Thurston. Sec'y and Managing Director. Wm. 
Harper, Treasurer. 



_ The first catalogue, since starting their factory 
in Canadii, has been issued bv the Tobin 4rms 
Manufacturing Company, Limited, Woodstock Ont 
It IS ireely illustrated with a view of Canada's 
first Shot Gun Factory on the first page, and illus- 
trations of the firms excellent productions scatter- 
ei through the booklet. The manufacturer's 
claims on hehalf of the Tobin Simplex Guns are 
high ones but the appearance of the gun and its 
features go far to justify them. The finest gun. 
the Regal grade, at the list price of $250 is 
made to specifications to suit customers and "the 
special features of superioritv of the Simplex 
action make a shotgun of higher qualitv than anv. 
and repiesents a decided advance in modern shot- 
gun construction of the best type." The .Model 
grade, $200, is described as of exceptional value to 
those appreciative of a fine gun. An offer is made 
to_ mould a gun of the Pigeon grade at $100 to, 
suit the most exacting requirements of a custom- 
er. The Trap grade at $70 promises to become 
a representative Tobin gun. The black Diamond 
grade at $55, the Standard at $40 and the reader 
at $25 are likely to gain strong positions not only 
throughout the Dominion but whereever they be- 
come known. Already they have won an enviable 
reputation in the States, where thev were formerly 
made and large numbers have been distributed 
abroad where they have met with approval, their 
points of merit in mechanism, construction and 
quality meeting with recognition amongst both 
the trade and individual customers. Each gun 
IS guaranteed and the manufacturers oLer°to- 
make right anything which fails to give perfect 
satisfaction. A copy of the catalogue whiclt 



ROD AXD GUX IN CANADA 



271 



GEfNDRON'S 

Sporting $6.50 perpr. 




PENATANG 

'Trade Mark Registered) 

SHOE PACK 



THE ONLY ;WAY 

To make sure of having a pair of Gendron's 
" Penatang " Shoepacks for your fishing or hunt- 
ing trip IS to order now and give us a chance to 
get them out in good time for vou. 

GENDRON'S PENATANGS 

ARE ABSOLUTELY 

THE ONLY SHOEPACKS 

that give entire satisfaction. Proofs of their giving 
entire satisfaction are brought home to us every 
day by our customers reordering f rom'jear to year. 

^Mohawk,, Bran t,.Ont., April;i,|i909. 
Dear Sir, ■" '^~ 

Received your catalogfue somejtinie past on shcepacks. etc.'. I st 11 have 
those purchased of you three years ago ; they have given gocd satisfaction. 

r Yours; respectfully, A.l S. .GOOI^D. 

Send ^f or catalogue, •' Sporting Department," 
Penatang, Ontario, Canada. 

We have sent "Penatangs" to The South Pole, 
China and Panama. 

Gcndron Penatang Shoepack Mfg. Co. 

Pcnctang, Ont. 

SUCCESSORS TO C. G. GENDRON 




You Know a Good Thing When You See It ? 



Then look at this picture and 
answer for yourself whether it 
just what vou need to increase ycur bag of game a:.d decrease the cost of ammunition. These concen- 
trators t^rn misses into hits. The PATENT PNEUMATIC CON- 
CENTRATOR is constructed of paper, with crimped metal base 
and holds shot together until released at thirty yards from gun. 
Result— an improvemeat in penetration and concentration st lo-g 
range of 50 per cent, upwards. Xo injury to gun barrel. Effective 
=«-::L^pi H^^ :^^- ■rfc.>v-«-<'**-=-,^a S' i^i *°y bore. Empty concentrators for hand loading, by mail, with 
lEtliSj ^fafe 32k,^tVvt\\*<'.mta) cap and cork wa is, postpaid, 25 cenU for 2=. Per hundred, $1.00. 






21 






p. FOLLETT & CO.. 
Cottage Grpyg Aye.. Chicago 




A 58 in. New Brunswick Moose 



Make Your Moote Hunt This Pall a Success 

if \'ou engage any guide I suggest 1 will 
guarantee j'ou, weather permitting, a shot at 
your game. New Brunswick offers the best 
iiig game shooting on this Contiuent. What 
I tell is what I k?io:L\ as I spend from two to 
three months each season in travelling the 
woods. The last man I sent in during 1909 
killed a 60 inch, 24 pt. head, the third 60 inch 
head this guide brought out last season An- 
other man got 17 moose for 18 sportsmen; 
largest head 64 inches. Write me your wants 
and cease to worry. 

Douglas Wetmore Clinch, 

Sec. -Treasurer, Provincial Guide Association, St. 

John, N.B., Canada 
Compiler N.B. Government Guide Book, 1909 
No Fee — No Commi.ssion — A Square Deal — A 
Good Time 



272 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



should be in the hands of all interested in shot- 
guns, will be forwarded to any reader who will 
apply direct to the Tobin Arms Company at Wood- 
stock Ont and mention "Rod and Ciuii in Canada." 



The large and' comfortable Steamer City of 
St. Ignace is the Special Steamer of the D. & C. 
Mackinac Division. This boat make two trips 
weekly betv/een Cleveland, Detroit and Mackinac, 
and with the two regular D & C Steamers main- 
tains a six-trips-a-week schedule to Northern Mich- 
igan Resorts. A stop is made at Goderich, Ont., 
once a weeK in each direction. Send two-cent 
stamp for illustrated pamphlet which sliows map, 
time tables, cost of fare and accommodations. 
Address: D & C. Lake Lines, 6 Wayne St., 
Detroit, Mich. 



The J. Stevens Arms and Tool Company, of Chic- 
opee Falls, Mass., have just issued an eight page 
pamphlet as a supplement to their Telescope Cat- 
alogue. This latest literature emphasizes the fact 
that the Stevens Rifle Telescope embodies a perfect 
method of focusing the glass clarly and adjusting 
the cross hairs — illustrates by target the wonder- 
ful score secured by F. C. Ross in winning Individ- 
ual Rifle Championship for 1909 while equipped 
with Stevens Rifle and Stevens Telescope^ and 
illustrates and describes the new Stevens Hunting 
Telescope and Hunting Telescope for the No. 303 
Savage Rifle No. 2. Stevens Ride Telescopes 
represent a great variety of models and all at 
popular prices. They can be fitted to any Stan- 
dard make Rifle and are being used more and more 
extensively in connec^'ion with target shooting and 
for hunting purposes. They prolong shooting days 
and maKe poor shots impossible. Not only are 
they a perfect sight, but they make hunting ab- 
solutely safe. The new Stevens Hunting Teles- 
cope has about "5" eye relief, sits in front of the 
hammer and out of the way; lays close to the 
barrel and has small mounts with no projecting 
screw heads This telescope has great brilliancy 
with a power of three diameters. The firm will 
be pleased to send a copy of their interesting sup- 
plementary Telescope pamphlet to any applicant 
making application to them direct and mentioning 
"Rod and Gun n Canada." 



A fine new boat is Mr. Chris. Cook's launch, 
"O Canada." for use on Lake of Bays. 
The Boat is one of Schultz Bros. 25 ft. Perfection 
models and the boat is as near perfection as any- 
thing likely to be use:l' in that district this 
year. The engine is a 12 H. P. D. C. Gray En- 
gine located at the forward end of the cockpit 
beneath a hinged hood and is shut off from cock- 
pit by a bulkhead, which has a door opening into 
engine compartment. The boat is electrically 
lighted, having a 5" searchlight, trouble lamp 
and cabin lamp near rear seat, combination elec- 
tric or oil head light, apple lighting system, com- 
prising dynamo, automatic cut out and 12 S 



switch board. The engine and boat are controlled 
from an automatic steering wheel, the speed of 
boat is controlled by a Roper Propeller and the 
cockpit is protected by an Automobile top. The 
boat is supplied with complete outfit, anchor, 
life preserver cushions, fenders, &c. The switches 
are all located on the bulkhead in front of the 
driver's seat, being so arranged that the driver 
can tell at a glance what amount of current each 
coil and each light is consuming. The speed is 
twelve miles per hour. 



Now that duck hunters are thinking of their 
favorite sport it is well that equipment should be 
considered. A duck call is a great advantage and 
Olt's O.K. will be found unequalled for natural- 
ness and easy blowing. As it is constructed with 
hard rubber the metallic sound so often heard 
from duck calls is eliminated. Mr. Olt also makes 
an adjustable duck and crow call, the tone slide 
making the adjustment as the caller wishes. If 
dealers cannot supply these calls hunters should 
communicate direct with Philip S. Olt, Pekin, 
Illinois, and mention Rod and Gun n Canada. 



*^ig uame Shooting" is the title of a little 
booklet through the medium of which the Stand- 
ard Arms Company, of Wilmington, Del., seek to 
interest all big game hunters and rifle users in 
their production — the Standard Rifle. The book- 
let is described as a catalogue, though it might 
rather be called the story of the rifle, for in an 
interesting, easy style the evolution of the hunter 
from an undesirable citizen to a highly respect- 
able and respected member of society is told, 
while of course his weapon is not forgotten and 
due emphasis is given to the development of 
modern high power rifles. Their great advantages 
are emphasized with full knowledge, and this leads 
up to a technical but highly interesting -descrip- 
tion of the Standard rifles, both hand operated 
and automatic. Great advantages are claimed 
for these rifles and many reasons advanced for 
these claims. The whole booklet, which is well 
illustrated, is of interest to every hunter and user 
of a rifle, who will appreciate every item of in- 
formation appearing therein. A copy of this 
unique catalogue can be obtained by direct appli- 
tion to the Standard Arms Company, Wilmington, 
Del., and mentioning Rod and Gun in Canada. 



The Intruder, owned by Frederick K. Burnham, 
of New York, made her first oflBcial appearance in 
racing form July 4th, at Alexandria Bay. The 
Intruder showed her class by winning two races 
in easy fashion ,one of the races being a 16-mile 
aflPair; time 29 minutes, 5 seconds. The Intruder 
was not driven to her best speed, and it is easily 
observed that she is capable of much faster speed. 
As it is well known, the Intruder is equipped with 
a 240 H.P. Sterling racing engine. Mr. Burn- 
ham is also the owner of the famous Dixie II. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



273 



Only Three 
Working Parts 

The ultimate of gun sim- 
plicity is secured m the Fox 
Gun, the lock mechanism 
consisting of but three 

working parts 

--the hammer, 

sear, and 

main spring. 

These p'arts 

are twice as 

strong as the 

^^ parts of other 

The user of a Fox ^^ ^^'^^ ^^^^4 

Gun never has his ^^, ^^. guns, 

hunting trip 
spoiled by the gun 
going wrong, for the Fox is too strong and too simple in construction 
to break or get out of order. 

The Fox taper bolt holds tight and fast and for ever prevents the 
gun shooting joose. 

JL'i^ *^^ ^^H 

The Finest Gii°n in the world 




The Fox coil mainspring and coil top 
lever spring are guaranteed for all time. 
Back of the Fox Gun is the 



Certificate — another evidence of the 
great care we take to insure giving our 
patrons guns that are absolutely safe 
and perfect. Nothing is left to chance 
in the Fox Gun. 



The Fox is perfect in every particu- 
lar: "hang" penetration and general 
shooting qualities. 

If your dealer does not handle the 
Fox Gun, send us his name and order 
direct from the factory. 

Write for our art Gun catalogue. It's 
free, of course. A postal card will 
brinsf it. 



THE 



AJi-ToocGuj<Co. 



4664 N. 18th Street 



Philadelphia, U.S.A. 



THE TRAP 

Rod and Con and Motor Sport* in CaiMtda U tbe Official Orsaa of the 
Domiiiion of Canada Trap-Shoottns AaaooAtaoa. All conmooicatioBS 
•hould be addressed to W. A. Smidi, E<8tor "The Trap" KingSTtlle, Ont. 



TOURNAMENT DATES. 

July 5 and 6 — Alberta Provincial Tournament 
at Calgary, H. C. Andrew, Secretary, Calgary. 

July 8 and 9 — Lethbridge, Alberta, Tournament. 

July 12, 13, 14,— Fort Garry Gun Club, Winni- 
peg tournament, clay birds only. Four Champion- 
ships, $500 added money. 

July 19--Re5ton (Man.) Tournament. F. Man- 
ning, Secretary, Reston, Man. 

Julv 26. 27 and 28 — Pacific Indians at Xelson, B. 
C. W. A. Ward, Secretary, Nelson, B. C. 

August 19, 20 — The Thousand Islands Gun Club, 
Gananoque; C. lA. Lewis, Secretary-treasurer, 
Gananoque, Ont. 



STRAY PELLETS. 

So successful was the tournament at Chatham 
that it is rophesied it will be made an annual 
fixture for the "uture. 



In the merchandise prize no one was overlooked — 
"hats, gloves, cigars, pipes, doz. collars, sweaters, 
shirts, belts, ties, beer, and even a pair of corsets 
being included. In this match G. M. Dunk was 
high gun and won the five dollar bill donated by 
Charlie Bisuet. Mr. Dunic immediately turned 
over the bill to th(> Secretary of the Chatham Club 
for the purpose nf purchasing a prize for the local 
members to shoot for at some future date.. Jack 
Moore, second big'h gun man won the handsome 
electric lamp donated by the Chatham Gas Com- 
pany. Fred Dolsen third man. the pair of whiffle- 
trees and neck yoke presented by the Chatham 
Manufacturmg Company. Ike Moore, the sucking 
pig; W. G. Richards, an oak centre table; W. 
Dolsen, Jack Fleming and Dr. Cassidy split up 
the 500 shells; H. Scane, a barrel of crude oil, 
and so on. The prizes were mostly useful articles 
and will prove of considerable service to the shoot- 
ers winning: them. 



Secretary Walter Elliott worked hard to make 
fhe Tournament a success and with his able as- 
sistants, E. Fremlin and R. H. Harrington, succeed- 
ed beyond expectations. The weather man also 
favored the event— no unimportant matter this 
spring. The exhibition grounds formed an ideal 
•spot for the sport. 



The programme for the Alberta Tournament 
at Calgary is a good one. The meet is on July 
fifth and sixth and six events are slated for each 
■day. 



The "Championship of Alberta" event will be 
held on the second day. Ben McLaren, who has 
won this event for the last three years, will be 
on hand to defend his title. The donors of the 
cup, the Calgary Brewing and Malting Co., Limit- 
ed, have again donated a solid leather case and 
500 "Repeater" shells to accompany the Cup. 
The event is only open to bona fide residents of 
Alberta. 



There are two other prizes in this event — the 
second being a Stevens (trap grade) hammerless 
repeater shot gun donated by the Calgary Gun 
Club and a third of the value of $30 donated by 
the same club. 



The Grand Aggregate Prize is a cup doiiated 
by Dr. J. N. Gunn, President of the Calgary Gun 
Club, to be awarded to the shooter having the 
higest average for the two days an,d having shot 
in at least eighty-five percent of the games. 
The winner holds the cup for one year, and it 
becomes the property of the shooter winning it 
three times. The cup is to be always shot for at 
the Calgary annual tournament. The first year's 
winner was Dr. W. B. AlcLarpn. 



Apparently this is the tournament month. 
There are four tournaments in the prairie pro- 
vinces and one in British Columbia scheduled for 
this month. The one at Nelson promises to be 
a "hummer." The Pacific Indians are going to 
make a splash. 



Pastime Gun Club, Stratford, held a practice 
.shoot May 2Sth. The attendance was small but 
the day was perfect for trap shooting. K. C. 
Turnbull was high with 72 out of 75. He run 
65 straight. Aitcheson broke 60 out of 65; Mil- 
ler 54 out of 68 and Bobs 32 out of 40. 



The Canadian Indians again ofl^er a most at- 
tractive programme to the Canadian trapshooter 
at their annual tournament to be held June 30 
and .July 1st., at the Queen's Royal, Niagara-on- 
tlie-Lake. The regular programme consists of 
ten events of 20 targets each, each day. Suit- 
able trophies will be given for the three high 
averages each day. In addition the Toronto Cup 
will go to the winner of the Grand Aggregate. 
Tbe Canadian Indians Cup will be given to the 
shooter making the largest continuous run in 
regular events. The Queen's Royal Hotel Cup 
will be given to the winners of the 5-man team 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



)iJo 




Winchester Model 1895 .405 Caliber Rifle 



THE DREADNOUGHT OF THE JUNGLE 



V 



wmchesteh 




GUNS and AMMUNITION 



TH E 



W 



BRAND 



TARLTON took his big double-barrel and 
advised me to take mine, as the sun had just 
set and it was likely to be close work; but I shook 
my head, for the Winchester .405 is, at least for 
me personally, the 'medicine f^im'' for lions.''' 

Ex-President Roosevelt 
In Scribner's Magazine 

Used by Successful Hunters. Sold Everywhere 




276 



ROD AXD GUN IX CANADA 



race. $352.00 will be given for high average 
prizes for both days as follows: 5 of $20. eacn, 
5 of $15.00 each and 15 of $10.00 each, in all 25 
jprizes. On the afternoon of June 29th there will 
be a preliminary' practice at 50 targets. Aa 
will stand at 16 yards and the targets will be 
.thrown from two Leggett traps. The shoot 
being held on the grounds of the Queen's Royal 
ensures the contestants not only a delightful 
time at the traps but a most enjoyable outing at 
.this most popular summer resort, as well. 



FORT GARRY GUN CLUB TOURNAMENT AT 
WINNIPEG. 

The Fort Garry uun Club of Winnipeg^ Canada, 
^ill hold a three days' Registered Tournament on 
'■■ July 12th, 13th. and Uth. The programme for 
. this Tournament at present calls for over $500.00 
' in added-money. In addition to this there are 
three Championship races to be shot for which in- 
clude the International, Manitoba and Dominion 
Championships. The winner of each of these 
events will receive a valuable silver Cup and gold 
Medal.. (Ownership goes with the latter.) On 
the third day (the 14th) there will be an extra 
event — an International Team Shoot. 

The Club is looking forward to a large attend- 
ance of shooters trom both sides of the line, and 
' the attention of all shooters is called to the fact 
that a very nice trip can be made by attending 
■ the tournament to be held at Kenmare, X. Dakota, 
on July 5th and 6th; thence to Devil's Lake, N. D. 
for the 8th and 9th; Fargo, N. D., on the 10th and 
11th, leaving Fargo on the evening of the 11th and 
arriving in Winnipeg at 7.30 the following morn- 
ing, in time for the Winnipeg Tournament, which 
will start at 9.30 a.m. on the morning of the 12th 
of July. 

The large Winnipeg Industrial Exhibition opens 
on the 13th of July and runs for ten days. This 
should prove an additional inducement for shoot- 
ers to visit Winnipeg at this time. 

While the programme at present is still in the 
rough and calls for something over $500.00 in ad- 
ded money, the Executive hope to increase this 
quite materially before the date of the Tourna- 
ment.. High Average money win be given to 
the High Professional and High Amateur each, 
shooting through the three days' programme. 

The Club, through its President. E. H. Hough- 
ton, and Secretary, E. E. Cowdrick, extends a 
cordial welcome to all visitors,, and is not afraid 
to wager that no one will go away from Winnipeg 
regretting that they made the trip. 



CHATHAM, (ONT.) TOURNAMENT 

The first annual tournament of the Chatham 
Gun Club was held on .June ninth and tenth, and 
was a well attended, splendidly managed and suc- 
cessful event. The shooters were favored with fine 
weather both days, the only trouble being a hazy 
sky, which made the sight very deceptive. Shoot- 
ers were in attendance from Toronto, Hamilton, 
Detroit, London, Ridgetown and Petrolea- And 



many other places. All went away pleased with 
the tournament, the only complaint being that the 
Chatham Gun Club threw too hard a bird. The 
new Ideul-Leggett trap was used, unknown angles, 
and with this trap being set to throw a low, very 
fast bird, the scores of all the contestants were 
much below the average. At the next tourna- 
ment the Gun Club will profit by their experience 
and throw easier bird's. 

G. Beattie, of Hamilton, was high man first day, 
witli 173. 

B. W. Glover, of London, and H. 0. O'Loan, of 
Ridgetown, tied for high man second day, with 
84 each. 

After the regular events were finished the mer- 
chandise event was shot oflf, in which some 50 took 
part, the .prize list being large and varying from 
a five- dollar bill down to a live pig. 

Glover, Dunk, O'Loan, J. Moore and I. Moor>2 J 
were high men, with 14 each. The scores: I 

First Day — 

S. A. B. 

Jennings . 200 154 

x6. M. Dunk'.;. ; . . . , 200 152 

H. Scane . .' .'. .-. -. • 200 159 

G. Beattie . 200 173 

xC. Thompson ,.; 200 153 

H. O'Loan 200 167 

W. F. Stotts 180 121 

W. Walters 200 114 

D. McMackon 200 166 

W. D. Tristeru , 180 153 

C. Trasber 180 104 

A. Filion 140 80 

W. Pontnaci 140 .89 

E. Moore 100 75 

13. Oldersbaw 180 110 

W. HoUingshead 200 150 

C. Campbell 200 167 

F. Dolson 200 149 

H. Taylor 200 .160 

G. Bovvden 180 133 

W. Buck 100 73 

J. W. Aitken 180 84 

W. Richards 80 36 

J. McCoig 20 14 

J. A. Aitken 100 68 

J. Moore 120 97 

W. Nichol 100 58 

G. Trasher : 100 61 

X Professionals. 

First high average, George Beattie, of Hamilton. 

Second high average, H. O'Loan', Ridgetown and 

A. Campbell, Toronto, tied. 
Second Day — 

S. A. B. 

C.Campbell 15 17 14 14 10—100—70 

W. HoUingshead 14 15 15 15 14—100—73 

R, Day 16 15 14 16 16—100—73 

B. W. Glover 19 16 15 17 17—100—84 

J.E.Jennings 17 16 13 15 12—100—73 

F. Galbraith 15 13 16 18 13—100—75 

xG. M. Dunk .17 15 15 13 16—100—75 

H. Scane 18 13 la 18 16—100—81 

G. Beatty 15 18 14 16 19—100—82 

xC. Thomson 13 14 14 18 15—100—74 

F. Pilon 8 13 17 15 13—100—62 

W. Broderick 16 19 14 14 12—100—75 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



077 




Dominion Shells 
shoot hard and kill 




ja 






Metallic Ammunition of all Standard Calibres 

Dominion Cartridge Company, Limited. 

Ammunition Manufacturers. Montreal, Canada 



278 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Dr. Cassidy 12 

D. McMackoii 17 

H. O'Loan 18 

J. J. Moore 18 

W. Elliot 16 

W. Niehol 9 

F. Dolson 16 

C. Thraser 11 

G. Thrasher 7 

H. Taylor 14 

xProfessionals. 
High average, B. W. a 
Ridgetown. 



16 19 12 16—100—75 

17 16 16 17—100—83 
16 17 19 14—100—84 
16 17 14 15—100—80 
14 10 15 16—100—71 
16 13 13 16—100—76 
14 17 13 14—100—76 
10 14 14— 80—49 



6 15 
12 11 



14—100—42 
15 14—100—66 



lover, London: H. O'Loan, 



NOTES ON THE SIDE. 



George Beattie, of Hamilton, won high average 
for both days shooting UMC steel lined shells. 



B. W. Glover, of London, came over for the sec- 
ond day and tied Harvey O^Loan for high average 
using U.M.C. steel lined shells. 



Fifty shooters were present on the sceond day. 
Good for a first attempt, Chatham. 



Seventy-five per cent, of the shooters used 
"choke bore" Nicol's load in L^.M.C. Arrow steel 
lined, shells. 



Mr. Niehol took Geo. Beattie, Fred Galbraith. 
Harry Scane, Chum Lewis, Dave McMaohon and 
Cowel Thomson out on the River in his beauti- 
ful launch and by the way they shot on the last 
uav thev must have had a good time. 



J. E. Jennings, Toronto, could not get going 
riffht. 



Dr. Cassidy, J. E. Jennings and Geo. Beattie 
gave a rifle exhibitaon shoo^ting Court Thomson's 
22 Remington Repeater and amused everybody. 



President Richards was here, there and every- 
where looking after the wants and comfort of all 
the boys. He certainly makes a grand President. 



The Secretary did his work in truly square 
fashion. 



For some unaccountable reason the targets 
seemed hard and the boys could not get them 
and allowed a lot of pick ups. 



Jack Marcon came all the way from Ottawa 
attend the sl»oot. 



At an Iiuloor Rifle Shoot (25 yards distance) 
at Golf's Falls, N. H., Mr. J. H. F-.tzgerald secured 
the remarkable score of 1243 points out of a pos- 
sible 1250. Mr. Fitzgerald was equipped with a 
Stevens Ideal Schuetzen Model No. 54 Rifle fitted 
with Stevens Telescope. Such wonderful shoot- 
ing demonstrates once more the Bull's Eye Ac- 
curacy of Stevens Telescopes and adds another 
link to the long chain of Stevens successes. 



WESTERN ONTARIO LEAGUE. 

The first match of the season in the League 
shoots took place on June first. The weather 
proved most disagreeable and under the circum- 
stances the members of both teams shot well. 
Mr. G. M. Dunk, not only refereed the match but 
also proved by an exhibition at the trap after- 
wards, that he has not forgotten how to shoot. 

Scores: 

Brantford vs. Woodstock. 

Woodstock 



Brantford 

Hacker 17 Kay 

Mitchell 17 Bonnett 

Westbrook, F 17 

Cutcliffe 23 



go 

18 

Muller 17 

Farlow. F 17 



Summerhays 22 Dutton, J I6 



96 



88 



Majority for Brantford, 8 targets 

Two man team race at 25 targets each man. 

Woodstock Team No. i. Woodstock Team No. 2 

Kay 20 -Muller 16 

Bonnett I8 Farlow 24 



38 



40 



Brantford Team No. ]. Brantford Team No. 2. 

Summerhays 21 Westbrook F 19 

CntclifTe 2! Mitchell 23 

13 
The match was shot in a cold, drizzlin:? rain 
and the targets being hard to see made the 
shooting difficult. Mr. Geo. Dunk, of the Domin- 
ion Cartridge Co.. was present and very kindly 
refereed the match to the satisfaction of every- 
one. 

IngersoII vs. Stratford. 

At Stratford, IngersoII vs. Stratford on June 
2iid. 



Scores : 



Stratford 



J ngersoll 

Paitio 25 Turnbull 23 

•fanes 21 Boles 21 

Kirbyson 21 Fisher 23 

Nicliol 18 Miller 19 

J'^iison 20 Savage 21 



Total 



105 



Team 
Stratford No. 1. 

Turnbull 24 

Aitcheson 23 

47 



Total 107 



Shoot. 

Straford No. 

Boles , 

Fishei- 



22 

20 



42 



IngersoII. 

Partlo 19 

Kirbyson 22 

41 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



279 



BIG GAME SHOOTING 



is the narni of 

a mighty interesting 



booklet which tells you why it is absolutely essential in 
going after big game nowadays, to make every shot efleclive; 
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BOYS WHO WANT A GUN 

FOR THE BEST TRUE STORY OF 
WHAT I DID WITH A GUN WE OFFER 

$100, First Prize 

$50, Second Prize 

$25, Tliird Prize, and 

$5 eacli for 25 other Prizes 

It may be written by a boy, his big brother, his father, uncle, or any member of 
the family. Write on one side of the paper. Not over 500 words. All stories must 
be received before August 15. Prizes will be awarded on or about September I. 

In place of the cash you can select guns from our catalog. We make the dandiest 
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Send for catalog and study it closely. Write your story at once. 

Address 315 Prize Dept. 

Harrington & Richardson Arms Co. 

Firearms Manufacturers Worcester, Mass. 



280 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Ingersoll vs. Brantford. 
Ingersoll trapshooters defeated Brantford at 
the Telephone City on June twenty-third. The 
three birds in a Western Ontario Lea^e match in 
two-men team shoot, in which each Club was re- 
presented by two teams, resulted in a tie. The 
shoot was held at the Brantford Gun Club's 
grounds on the bank of the Grand River. There 
was very little wind, but the heat was intense. 
The scores: — 



Ingersoll. 

Partlo 20 

Janes 21 

Nichols 19 

Kirbyson 22 

lonson 22 

Total 104 



Brantford. 

Hacker 15 

F. Westbrook 22 

Mitchell 22 

Summerhavs 18 

CutclifFe '. 24 

Total 101 



Two Men Team, No. 1. 
Ingersoll Team No. 1 Brantford Team No 



Kirt)vson 20 

Partio ^2 



F. Wesbbrook 20 

Mitchell 23 



Totals 42 Totals 43 

Two Men Team, No. 2. 

Brantford Team No. 2 



Ingersoll Team No. 2 

Nichols 22 

lonson 21. 

Totals 43 



Cutcliffe 21 

Summerhays 20 

Totals 41 



Stratford vs. Woodstock. 

At Stratford on June twenty-second Stratford 
defeated Woodstock 109 to 92. Each shot at 25 . 
birds. 

The scores 

Woodstock. 

Farlow 19 

Button 21 

♦Miller 19 

Rounds 13 

Muller 16 

*Miller, of Stratford, shot with Woodstock, as 
the latter had only four men on the ground. 

Stratford. 

Turnbull 24 

Aitcheson 25 

Savage 19 

Boles 20 

Meers 23 

Totals, Woodstock, 92; Stratford 109. 

In the two-men team shoot, Turnbull and 
Aitcheson won, by a score of 47 out of 50 birds. 

REGINA TOURNAMENT. 

A tournament was held at the capital of 
Saskatchewan on May twenty-fourth when the 
scores were: 

Two Man Team Shoot 
No. 1—15 Birds— 

Williams 14 

Sharon 12 

.Tones W 12 

No. 2. — 10 Green Event — 



H. A. Creighton 6 

Milligan 6 

Anderson J 4 

No. 3.— 15 Birds— 

Kress, J. C 14 

Sharon VI 

Jones W 11 

No. 4.-10 Birds— 

Kress 8 

Sharon 8 

VanValkenburg 7 

No. 5.— 15 Birds- 
Sharon 12 

Acaster 12 

Creighton 12 

No. 7.-25 Club Shoot— 

Kress 20 

Sharon 20 

Acaster 20 

No. 8—10 Green— 

Creighton 6 

Storey, S 5 

Palmetier 5 

No. 9.— 10— 

•Tones 10 

Williams 10 

Storey, E. M 9 

No. 10 — 10 Birds Green-^ 

Anderson 7 

Creighton 7 

Wallace 6 

No. 11— Miss and Out— 
VanValkenburg 
Storey. E. M.' 

Grand Aggregate 

M. W. Sharon 88% 



WEEKLY SHOOT. 

The Gun Club shoot on May 21st brought out 
the best crowd of shooters so far this season. 

In the weekly competition button shoot M. W. 
Sharon wears the gold button with a score of 23 
out of 25. 

The scores were as follows at 45 targets each: 

S. A B. 

Sharon 45 40 

Van Valkenburg 45 37 

Kress 45 35 

Stewart, C. C 45 33 

Storev, E. M 45 33 

Wlieelock, D. 45 33 

Voungreen 45 34 

Wheelock, C. J 45 28 

Wilkiinson 45 27 

Storee "Doc" 45 21 

Storev S 45 18 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



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materials and richness of ornamentation — you must <ee the gun to appreciate i(s beauty — you 
must use it to value its worth. Our new Art Catalogue shows a large cut of it and describe* 
it fully — mailed FREE upon request. Our little 20 bores ore taking like "hot cakes." We make 
them from 5) lbs. up — all grades hammerless — $19 up. 

ITHACA GUN CO., BOX 13, ITHACA, N. 




The "Old Reliable" Parker Gun wins for the EIGHTH time 

The Grand American Handicap 

SCORE OF 100 STRAIGHT FROM 19 YARDS. At Chicago, 111., June 23, 1910. 

Mr. Riley Thompson, of Gainsville, Mo., made this record, which has never before 
been equalled in this classic event. 

The PARKER GUN in the hands of Mr. Guy T. Deering, also won the Amateur 
Championship at Chicago, June 24, — scoring J 89 X 200, shooting at 160 singles and 20 
doubles. 

Tlie Prize Winners and Champions shoot The PARKER GUN ! 

Why Don't YOU ? 

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282 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



NEW GUN CLUB AT STRATHCONA. 

Under the palrouuge uf Dr. Rutherford, e.\- 
preniier of Alberta, a gun clut) has been formed in 
fcitrathcona. 

The otricers are as follows: Patron, Dr. Ruther- 
ford; Hon. President, J. M. Douglas, M.P.; Pres- 
ident, P. Bowen; Vice-President, C. M. Carey; 
Secretary -Treasurer, G. F. Downes. Management 
Committee, J. Pollard, A. L. Brick and W. Jone^. 



AN INTERNATIONAL MATCH. 
The second slioot in the live match series for the 
two Soos' trophy, between the Chippewa Sports- 
men's club and the Ontario Gun Club, shot in the 
Canadian Soo, on June twentieth, resulted in a 
victory for the Canadians by a score of 345 to 334. 
The locals appreciate the true sportsmanship dis- 
played by the Americans and the friendly spirit 
existing among all of the contestan+s is a matter 
of congratulation on the part of an who took part. 
When the Americans appeared ready for the con- 
test the Canadians were only able to muster nine 
men, when the -Atnericans promptly waived their 
rights in the matter and agreed to the reduction 
without a wrangle. This courtesy was one that 
was greatly appreciated and will be remembered 
in the future clashes between the two teams. 
Simpkins, of the Canadian team, made hioh score 
with "a record of 44 birds out of a possible oO. 
Charles Hewitt and J. A. Gowau, of the American, 
were tied with 43 birds to the credit of each. The 
score of the teams follow: 

Canadians. 

Simpkins 44 

R. Ellis 33 

Jones 42 

T. Robinson 39 

Goodwin 41 

Foed 36 

Kitchen 40 

Shofelt 31 

G. Ellis , 39 

345 
Americans. 

Supe 31 

Tiempe 38 

Barnhisel 34 



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Hewitt 43 

W. Gowan 32 

W. J. Bell 41 

J. Gowan 43 

J. Moloney 36 

C. Follis 36 



334 



That the teams were evenly matched is shown by 
the fact that they have broken even in the two 
matches of the series that have been shot. The 
result of the other contests will be awaited with 
considerable interest by the sportsmen on both 
sides of the border. 



The following are the latest triumphs of the 
Lefever gun: — Mr. C. 0. LeCompte, high average 
at Evansville; Mr. Wolfork Henderson, high av- 
erage at Covington, Tenn.; Mr. R. R. Barber, high 
average at Adair, la.; Mr. C. O LeCorupte, high 
average at Lexington, Ky., scoring 383x400; Mr. 
Wolfork Henderson, third high average with 376x 
■J 00 targets; ]Mr. Henderson won high average at 
Cireleville, 0., with 382x400, Fairmount, W. Va., 
with 195x200; Lexington, Ky. with 95x100; Cov- 
ington, Tenn., 193x200 and G. W. Arnold at Kan- 
sas State iShoot with 569x600. Long as is this 
list it is only a representative selection of the 
many victories won at the traps with Lefever 
guns. 



A CLOSE CONTEST AT MONTREAL. 

St. Hubert's Gun Club, of Ottawa, failed in its 
efforts to lift two of the challenge trophies n.jw 
held by the Montreal Gun Club on June eighteenth, 
but one of the two matches, the ten man team com- 
petition for the Lansdowne trophy resulted in 
probably the closest and most exciting match yet 
shot for the cup. It ended in a tie score, 209 all, 
and in accordance with the regulation governing 
such a result, Montreal was considered as Having 
successfully defended it. 

"S^Tien nine men from eacli team had shot it 
looked like a win for St. Hubert, the score stand- 
ing 187 to Montreal's 184. Phenomenal shooting 
by R. B. Hutchison, however, saved the day for 
the home club. He broke 25 straight. Green, of 
St. Hubert, who was shooting at the same time, 
also made a good score, 22, but the 25 straight 
that Hutchison broke just brought about the tie 
that saved the trophy. The finish was extremely 
exciting as it was not until the last bird that the 
match was decided. 

In the shoot for the five men team trophy, the 
result was not so close, Montreal winning by 115 
to St. Hubert's 103. The shooting of "Williams," 
of St. Hubert's, was one of the features of the 
day. He had an excellent 23 out of 25 in the ten 
men event. 



TORONTO ROD AND GUN CLUB. 

The final shoot between the winners of the 
weekly handicap Sparrow Contests, Season 1909- 



ROD AXD GUN IX CANADA 



283 




Simplex: Guns 



A New Proposition 

if you are buying a gun and want 
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If your dealer cannot show you a Tobin gun, send to us; we will ship 
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284: 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



Winner T\vic<? 
Winner Once 
Winner Twice 
Winner Once 
Winner Twice 



lUlO, for a prize presented by the Captain and 
Vice President, Dr. W. R. Patton, took place 
recently, and was held on the grounds of tlie 
Stanley Gun Club, Toronto. 

The contestants were: — 
W. G. Meyers, 
H. M. -sling 
lUchard Tinning, 
E. L. Sununcrhaves 
Dr. W. R. Patton, 

After a close competition, Richard Tinning 
proved the decisive winner of the Shield dedicated 
by the Captain and A^ice President. 

A RECORD AT HAMILTON. 

At the Hamilton Gun Club grounds on June 
eighteenth a match of 100 targets was shot 
bet\teen George Beattie and William Barnes, the 
former to give Barnes a handicap of five targets. 
Beattie was in great form and establislied a Cana- 
dian record by breaking 100 straight, but even 
with such a performance he was unable to win, 
as Barnes broke 96 out of 100 and won the match 
bv one bird. The scores: 

B. S. A. 

Barnes 96 100 

Beattie 100 100 

Smith •. 73 100 

Long 19 25 

Long 19 25 

Brown 32 45 



HAMILTON HAPPENINGS. 

The following are tlie scores of the shoot om 
June fourth, at 70 targets: 

B. 

*T]iomsou 63 

Beattie 65 

Clifford 51 

Barnard 45 

Fletcher 61 

Bowman 50 

Choate 58 

Hunter 63 

Delinger 45 

Stroud 63 

* Professional. 

George Beattie only missed five out of sev- 
enty. 



Hunter and Thomson were the next best with 
only seven misses each — very fine scores. 



John Hunter with 23x25 was high for the Hunt- 
er Arms Vase. John knows how to shoot and 
alwav- uses U. M. C. steel lined shells. 



BELLEVILLE TOURNAMENT. 
Tlie.ni-mbers of the Belleville Gun Club held a 
very successful shoot at their grounds on May 
twenty -fourth. The program consisted of 8 
events, 15 birds each. The following are the 
scores: 

S. A. B. 

M. Sprague 120 88 

A. M5tt" 120 89 



.T. Thompson 120 

W. Hart 45 

W. Andrews 105 

Jas. Woodby 120 

E. Turley ! 105 

C. F. Boyle .- 120 

E. Wiese 75 

B. Russell 90 

H. Howie 120 

Jas. Hirst 45 

R. Roblin 45 

D. Young 75 

H. Day 75 

R. Menzie 45 

Thos. Gray 75 

R. Zufelt 75 

G. Bennett 75 

E. B. Haris . 75 

B. McGuire 30 

(^. Roblin 15 

D. Stafford 30 

.T. Miller 15 

J. Collins 15 



87 
32 
74 
78 
68 
87 
45 
61 
85 
20 
28 
42 
59 
20 
52 
36 
54 
47 
17 
7 
13 



SHOOTING AT LONDON 

The following scores were made by the Spring- 
wood Gun Club members at their weekly shoot on 
June fourth : 

S. A. B. 

Glover 60 58 

Day 60 57 

Jordan 50 37 

Clinger 50 34 

Webb 40 34 

Fortner 35 30 

Simcox 35 28 

Bissett 35 25 



LETHBRIDGE ENTERTAINS CHARLIE YOUNG. 

Lethbridge (Alta.) Gun Club had the pleasure 
of a visit from Mr. C. A. Young, Winchester ex- 
pert, in May. The Lethbridge boys enjoy giving 
their visitors a warm welcome both socially and 
at the traps and it 's a good shooter who can 
keep the lead with them on the score board. 
In this case they had a hard nut to crack in 
their visitor and as might have been e.xpected he 
was high with two nice scores of 24 and 25 each. 
A. B. Stafford, with a straight score in the first 
event and J. C. Livingstone with two 23's kept 
pretty close, however. 

The following are the scores made: 

S. A. B. 

Xo. of Targets "25 25 

Young, C. A 24 24 

Staflford A. B 25 19 

Agnew, F. R 19 16 

Stafford J. W 19 7 

Millard. J. H 21 16 

Tate, C. R 14 11 

Macbeth. H 19 

Withers. H. P 12 

McCaig, iJ. ti 12 

Cunningham, H 16 13 

Shnrer, W. ' S 19 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



•i6o 



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new Tver Johnson, with its permanent tension wire 
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" Hammer the Hammer " 

Safety Lifter. Ask your dealer or we can ship direct. 

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Combinations now ready: .22 upper barrel and .44 smooth .-*'^to^ 

lower barrel. Combinations ready AuR. 1, 1910; (Both barrels ..«^^^ , 

rifled) .22 and .25-20. .22 and .32-20, •22 and .as 40. Barrels. 12, ^ f» ^ V 

15 and 18 inches. The average puttern of shot made with .44 '' f^Ac . 

barrel is 70 No. 8 and 1'25 Ko. 10 in a 12 inch square at 50 feet. 
A .44 b-ill penetrates 7"i inches of pine at 15 feet. Has billed 
deer at 100 yards and mooss at 35 yards, with one shot. 

Hammer is instantly set for either barrel or at SAFE. Either 
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Stock locks at any drop desired. Is easily removed. Guar- 
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THE 
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STYLE SHOOTS 
22 Short, Long &L. B. 
44-40 Shot Cartridges 
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286 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



Murray, Jack 14 

Putinan, M. E 7 

Asquiith L 9 

Livingstone, J. C 23 

Livingstone, R 13 

Johnston, K. D 16 



23 
16 
15 



W. D. Stannard has been doing some very ef- 
fective work with his one-trigger Smith gun in 
the Western States. On May 12th and 13th at 
CSolumbus, Wis., from a field of classy shots he 
won a general average of 343 out of 360. Then 
at Chicago on May 15th, shooting against a strong 
field of professionals and amateurs, in the pro- 
gram events he broke 98 out of 100, making his 
last 87 straight, and was high gun, his nearest 
competitor scoring 92. 



TOURNAMENT AT GLADSTONE, (MAN.) 

The Gladstone Gun Club held its Fifth Annual 
Tournament, on June 3rd. The weather was very 
unfavorable to good shooting, and as a result, 
there was not as good an attendance as usual. 
However, 25 shooters braved the rain. The fol- 
lowing are some of the best scores made: 

S. A. B. 
Dr. Cadham, Fort Garry Club, Win- 
nipeg 145 135 

P. B. Hazleton, Portage la Prairie. .. 145 127 

Wm. Boyd, Gladstone 145 122 

P. Harwood, Portage la Prairie 115 97 



A. PETROLEA SHOOT. 

The Petrolea Gan Club held their first regular 
weekly shoot of the season on June eighth. 

The weather was ideal and some very excell- 
lent scores were made. 

G. M. Dunk, of the Dominion Cartridge Co., 
was a welcome visitor and was shooting in his 
usual good form and demonstrating to the boys 
the superiority of Dominion shells. 

Following are the scores: — 

S. A. B. 

G. M. Dunk 60 56 

M. Broderick 50 47 

Dr. Cassidy 50 45 

W. Caldwell 50 32 

W. Kitchen 50 30 

J. Dale 35 22 

W. White 25 19 

J. Bolton 25 18 

E. Rose 25 18 

A. Bed;ird 23 16 

F. Spun- 25 15 

The weekly shoots from now for the rest of the 

season will be held on Tuesday evening* com- 
mencing at 6.30 p.m. 



The Petrolia Gun Club held a spoon shoot on 
their grounds on June 14th. The conditions 
were very good for shooting with the exception 
of a slight haze in the air which made the 
birdis rather deceptive. The spoon was carried off 
by M. Broderick with 23 out of 25, Dr. Cassidy 
was a close second with 21. Following are the 




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results : 

S. A. B. 

M. Broderick 25 23 

Dr. Cassidy 25 21 

I. Greenizen 25 20 

H. Hale 25 20 

W. Caldwell 25 18 

J. Bolton 25 17 

Practice 

M. Broderick 25 23 

Dr. Cassidy 25 ■ 21 

One of these spoons will be shot for every 
week at the regular shoots on Tuesday evenings 
and handicap? of birds will be given to the poor- 
er shooters so that they will have an even chance 
with the best of shots. 



Mr. J. E. Dickey, of Davenport, Iowa, won the 
Western Handicap at DesMoines. Iowa, on May 
26th, with a A. H. Fox Gun. His score was 96 
out of 100, and Mr. Dickey says that the wonder- 
ful shooting and the perfect balance and handling 
of the Fox Gun was a very important feature in 
nis success in winning this great event. The 
Fox Gun is known throughout the world as the 
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made" and has particularly emphasized the excell- 
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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



287 




Just ask the man who has shot a 
Tobin, we can leave the matter 

Simplex Guns withjhim. 

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Every Tobin Gun is Built to Sell Another 

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Page 283 



Tobin Arms Mfg. Co. 

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ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 




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No extra charge for any feature named. Don't buy until you ^ave read our 
FREE BOOK describing this pump gun and our superb line of singles and douDies. 
Ask for it Today, jhe UNION FIRE ARMS CO., 325 ^..uburndale, Toledo, Ohio, I. S. A. 




^ L,ATEST Arrival 

Featherweight - b'^ pound 
Genuine Mauser RIFLES 

7 and ^ 111 111 $35.00 



LUGER Automatic PISTOLS 

RIFLES 

NEW YORK 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



289 



New 
Model 
27 



Tllarlin 



Repeating 
Rifle 



The only gun that fills the demand 
for a trombone ("pump ) action 
repeater in .25-20 and 
•32-20 calibers. 




Shoots 
high ve- 
locity smoke- 
ess cartridges, 
also black and low pres- 
sure smokeless. Power- 
hil enough for deer, safe to use in 
settled districts, excellent for target 
work, for foxes, geese, woodchucks, etc. 

Its exclasive features : the quick, smooth working "pump" action ; 
the wear-resisting Special Smolzeless Steel barrel; the modern 
solid-top and side ejector for rapid, accurate firing, increased safety 
and convenience. It has take down construction and /i;orj) Bead 
front sight; these cost extra on other rifles of these caUbers. 

Our 136 page catalog describes the full TTIarllrt 
line. Sent for three stamps postage. Write for it. 

7Ze2f2ar/in/ire€irms Co. 

67 WILLOW STREET, . NEW HAVEN, CONN. 



New Lyman Rear Sight 

FOR 

Remington .22 Repeater 

(Patent Pending) 




No. 1 Price $3.00 

This sight, by loosening nut on right 
hand side, is easily adjusted to absolutely 
correct angle. 

Send for 1910 catalogue. 

The Lyman Gun Sight Corporation 
Middlefield, Ct., U.S.A. 



SHOT 




^^^ROLU«*/^^„ 



LEAD WORKS 

CO 



25 lbs. 
DOUBLE 

CHILLED 
^ SHOT ^ 



Specify M. R. M. When Ordering 



290 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Ro»» nigh Velocity Rifle 

Scotch Deer stalking Pattern 

This rifle is absolutely per- 
fect for Big Game Shooting. 

It's trajectory is very flat. The kill- 
ing power is tremendous, the largest deer 
dropping, no matter where it is hit. 

In point of Finish only the most expen- 
sive English rifles can compare with it. 





Write for our illustrated catalogue : we 
send it on request. It gives full particulars 
of the Ross N4ilitary, also of the Ross 
Sportmg Models which are wmning much favor 
m Canada, throughout the British Empire and the 
United States. 



Ro»» Rifle Co. 



The 

KU 

Quebec, P. Q. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



291 




Two Clean Kills 



ANY man who owns a Lefever 
boasts how he gets doubles at a 
great distance — how they crumple up 
and drop every time the Lefever 
speaks. He talks Lefever hard shoot- 
ing, close shooting, and allround shoot- 
ing qualities from his own experience. 
Ask him to explain why he gets nvo 
clean kills. "it's all in Lefever Taper 
Boring," he'll tell you. 

LEFEVER 

SHOT GUNS 

If all other shot guns in the world 
could have Lefever Three-piece 
Action, Lefever Never-Shoot-Loose 
bolt, Lefever Take-Up-Wear at the 
hinge joint, and the fourteen other ex- 
clusive Lefever advantages, they would 
still fail to get long double kills, because 
they haven't Lefever Taper Borw<T. 
S28.00 to SIOOO— and nothing on the 
market at S50.00 will shoot "or wear 
like the Lefever at $28.00. Don't 
buy without getting our free catalogue. 
Lefever Arms Co., 20 Maltbie "St. , 
Syracuse, N. Y. 




Durston Special 

20 Gauge. Price, 528.00 



Empire (bulk) 



— and — 



BalllStlte (dense) 

Leaden ia tbe Beat Qui of Smekelew Pow<len 



BALLISTITE— sold only in Dominion 
Cartridge Go's loaded sbells (Imperial 
and Regal.) 

EMPIRE— sold in bulk. If your dealers 
do not keep it, write us direct. 

Both the above well tnown brands man- 
ufactured by the Nobel's Ezplosive 
Co., "Glasgow," Scotland, have been 
in the lead at numerous tournaments 
held throughout Canada ; give them 
a trial and be convinced. 



Agents in Canada : 

Hamilton Powder 



*o., 



lleatr**!, P. Q. 



T*r*sto, Oat. 
Victoria, B.C. 



Winaipes, Man. 





"Landing at Bala, Muskoka." 



Muskoka's Fine Attractions 



Although much has been written about 
Muskoka, it may truthfully be said that 
after all the half has not been told. New- 
comers and those who have been there 
before are constantly discovering new 
beauties while the old attractions retain 
their powers in full. Every point seems 
to have its own particular claim and when 
the whole of them are combined the re- 
sults are overwhelming. It is little won- 
der, therefore, that tourists and vacation- 
ists seek the retreats of Muskoka in ever 
increasing numbers with the advent of 
each summer. 

Amongst the many resorts which have 
made the name of Muskoka famous 
throughout the noithern half of the con- 
tinent Bala is noteworthy bv reason of 




its own particular beauties. Its position 
on beautiful Bala Bay, just above the 
picturesque falls where the waters of 
Lakes Muskoka, Rosseau, and Joseph are 
discharged into the Moon and Muskoka 
Rivers, has particular charm. Lovers of 
natural beauties find many opportunities 
of selection when accompanied, as so 
many holiday makers are nowadays, with 
a camera. 

Anglers have not far to roam from their 
hotels and stopping places in order to dis- 
cover good fishing. Close to Bala are the 
lakes known as Clear, Long, Echo, Nine 
Mile and Black, in each of which' good 
fishing may be obtained. The Muskoka 
and Moon Rivers are famous for maskin- 
onsre. black ba?'^ and r)-c'-'erel. Bait cast- 




■Summer Resiaence Near Baia Park, Muskoka," 



'Another Summei Residence Near Bala Park," 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



293 



The Swastika Hotel 

BALA 




New and modern. Thoroughly fire-proof. 
All conveniences. Ideally located. Good 
management. Constructed of red brick. 
Only brick hotel in Muskoka. Cool and 
comfortable. Rates $2.00 to $2.50 per 
day. $12.00 to $1.5.00 per week. 

FRED. W. SUTTON, Manager. 
E. B. SUTTON, Proprietor. 

BALA, Muskoka 

Reached by O.P.R., G.T.R., and Canadian 
Northern Railroads. 




BALA FALLS HOTEL 

BALA, MUSKOKA. 
UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT 

Beautifully situated, Excellent fishing, 
hotel thoroughly renovated. Specially adapt- 
ed for the tourist trade. Splendid dancing 
and music hall in connection with hotel ; also 
athletic grounds. Apply for particulars to 

F. J. HUGGETT 

Proprietor, Bala, Muskoka 

Rates $1.50 per day. $8 to $10 per week. 
Near C. P. R. Station. All trains met 
by an attendant. Stesimers call duly. 



A Sportsmsm's Paradise 

Ju»t on the edge at eifilization, within a few hours' journey of yoor home; i« a Teariiabl« 
p&mdi«6 for the canoe, rod and gun loy«r. 

Lake Temiskaming 

borders on a rast virgin wild, covered with a network of lakes and streams simply teeming 
with the gamiest of the finny tribe. The hearily wooded shores are favorite haunts of the 
lordly Moose, and Deer are far more numerous here than in any of the much-vaunted deer- 
ht^nting diijtricts. 

It is a great game country and a delightful spot for a eammcr vacation. An outing where the 
pure, balsamic atmosphere and eool nights send you oack to business like a new man. 

The Bellevue Hotel 

Charmingly situated, amid trees and ahrubbery on the shore of the Lake. Gasoline lAuncliet, 
Boating, lAwn Tennis, Golf, Bowling on the green and aUeys, BiUards and Dancing in a sep- 
arate Becreation HaU. Ice cold Laurentian >»t«r piped from springe in the hills. Hot and 
sold baths on all floors. Electric Light, Sanitary convenienceB, Modern in every way. An 
ideal place to spend your summer vacation. 

Pleased to send information and beautifid booklet. 

WRITE 

"The Manager, Bellevue Hotel, Temiskaming P.O., 

QUEBEC, Canada." 

Bosts leATc the Hotel Dock AaUy far tbe tas«w Cobalt SUrw Bait. eaJliae at HsUerbary, Uske&rd 
aaA iDterrenlne poinU. 



S94 



ROD AXD GUN IN CANADA 



ing can be indulgred in at many places. 

Canoeists and motor boat 'enthusiasts 
find many pleasures in the numerous 
channels and pretty islands to be found 
on all sides. There is always something 
new to 1)e discovered and even those most 




"Swing Bridge, Canadian Northern Ontario Ry., Bala 

familiar with the beautiful scenes con- 
stantl}^ find new points of view, more 
beautiful than those known before. 

Muskoka's invigorating atmosphere 
and clear skies revive the jaded citv dwel- 




ls he IS socially inclined he will find 
many kindred spirits ; would he be "far 
;' rT i^ "^adding crowd" he can enjoy 
solitude the most profound; while camp- 
ing, boating, bathing, fishing and golf can 



Bala Falls, Muskoka. 

ler in a marvellously short space of time 
and have a like efifect upon the woman 
fatigued with the round of social duties 
It matters not at all what particular 
form of recreation the tourist and holidav 
maker prefers— he has them all in Bala 




"Six Lovers of Bala, Muskoka." 

each or all be indulged in with the maxi- 
mum of enjoyment. 

Bala can be reached via the Canadian 
-Pacific. Grand Trunk or Canadian North- 
ern Railways, with their direct connect- 




••Ice-Cream Parlor. William Carr, Bala, Muskoka." 

ions from all points on the North Ameri- 
can continent. From Muskoka Wharf 
Bala Park, Lake Joseph, and many points 
can be reached via the .Muskoka Lakes 
Navigation Steamers. 



The New Windsor, Bala. 

The Hote], beautifully situated on the placid 
waters of Bala Bay, has always been a favorite 
with visitors from the States. ^^lany Pittsburg, 
Buffalo and Toronto people frequent it durine 
every season and the present summer shows it to 
be a greater favorite than ever with the large 
number of vacationist-! who find untold delights in 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



295 



Your Vacation 

SUGGESTIONS FROM THE 

Kodak Catalogue 




No. 3A 
FOLDING 
POCKET 
KODAK 

Pict u res 
$20.00 



The most popular of all cameras; 
takes the full size post card picture, 
3% X 5% Inches. 

Provided wih every feature for the 
most serious work, yet so simple as to 
be effectively handled by the novice. 

Kquipment includes double Rapid 
Rectilinear Lens, Kodak Ball Bearing 
Shutter. Automatic Focusing Lock, 
Brilliant Reversible Finder and Tripod 
Sockets. Covered with fine black seal 
grain leather, nickeled fittings. Top 
coat pocket size. 



No. lA 
FOLDING 
POCKET 
KODAK — 

SPECIAI^ 
Pictures 

2'2 X il{ 




$15.00 



Made for those who want a dainty 
little pocket camera with quality all 
through. Light and compact, yet pos- 
sesses every requisite for serious work. 

Equipment includes Rapid Recti- 
linear Lens, Kodak Ball Bearing 
Shutter, Automatic Focusing Lock, 
Tripod Socket and Brilliant Reversible 
Finder, Covered with fine quality 
black seal grain leather, nickeled fit- 
tings. 



No. 1 


FOLDING 


^k POCKET 


^» KOD AK 


I.iF) Pictures 


j'^ 2KX3K 



$10.00 

The smallest and simplest of all 
the Pocket Kodaks. Especially de- 
signed for those who wish to take 
good pictures the simplest way. Pull- 
ing down the bed automatically 
springs the front Into position, no fo- 
cusing necessary — just locate the 
image in the finder and press the 
lever. 

Equipped with first quality Menis- 
cus Achromatic lens, fitted to Pocket 
Automatic Shutter, adjusted for both 
snap shot and time exposures. Bril- 
liant Reversible Finder. Covered 
with black seal grain leather, nickel- 
ed fittings. 



No, 2A 
FOLDING 
POCKET 
Brownie 

Pictures 

2'/2' X4K 



$7.00 

Inexpensive, devoid of all complica- 
tions, extremely simple to understand 
and to operate, this dainty little poc- 
ket camera takes first class pictures. 
Equipped with first quality Meniscus 
Achromatic Lens, Pocket Automatic 
Shutter, (adapted for both snap shots 
and time exposures). Automatic Fo- 
cusing Lock, Tripod Sockets and Re- 
versible Finder. Covered with fine 
quality black imitation leather, nick- 
fle<l fittings. 





No. 3 

Brownie 

CAMERA 

Pictures 

$4.00 

Designed for one of the most popu- 
lar of amateur sizes, the No. 3 
Brownie brings SVt x 414 pictures 
within the scope of simple inexpen- 
sive Brownie photography. Easily 
operated by the children, it will 
satisfy the grown-up people as well. 
Equipped with first quality Menis- 
cus Achromatic lens, Eastman Rotary 
Shutter, adapted for both snap shot 
and time exposures. Two finders. 
Covered with fine quality imitation 
black leather, nickeled fittings. 



No. 2 

Brownie 

CAMERA 

Pictures 

25iX3K 

$2.00 



Remarkable pictures have been 
produced by these simple fixed focus 
cameras, even in the bands of school 
children, while work of the highest 
character has been done by experts. 

Equipped with first quality Menis- 
cus Lens. Eastman Rotary Shutter, 
adapted for both snap shots and time 
exposures. Two Finders. Covered 
with fine quality imitation black 
leather, nickeled fittings. 




Kodals and Brownies . i-'l 0(> to ^111 (0. Ask yonr dealer or xcritc us for our complete catalogue . 

Canadian Kodak Co., Limited, Toronto, 

CAI\ADA. 



296 



ROD AXD GUX IX CAXADA 



reputation of being one of the most popular sum- 




mer hotel keepers in Crannrin a 

■l^y and $9 to $16 per we.1 r^'n ° !^°° P" 

not admitted to an/ of Ihe Eal? W^^"1'"""J, "" 
'or Booklet. '' Hotels. Writ» 



Bala Falls Hotel 

f- J- Huggett recently nurcha^pH *-h ° 

from Mr Currip an^ / Purcnased the property 

'ep.taHo„'=o7"L\"isr.ir„oTs-,Sdn': 




J. W. Burgess, General Store, Bala 

during the summer and fall months fh;^ / 
ous supply house is daily crowS w,>), . °'' 

"p.reni^-Serplr?H"F"^ 
^Se:er,tVt?4a::?SrFi 

residents Tu-. o f«"-ies as well as local 

evident.. The energetic and enterprising prop- 




ants^'arf af • an' ?""'''''' ^'''' ^^ ^'^^ ^^ -«-«t- 
dncs are dt all times courteous and willing to 




suffer. Mr }]',yfro^■^ >„ 

mer catering is"f"! PT'""' ^P^nence in sum- 

wiU be nTfflirn^bSf^rin at^V^'^^ ''" *^«- 
forts of guests Th p i '°.^"^"t'on to the com- 

the hotel i headquarter '°° I' '^'^^ ^"'i ^^th 
thoroughly enTovSe tS ''"' "^ '"^^ ^ "^'-^^e 

issuretobelonrre^mbee'd'''? T *'« ^°*^' 
in this issue. ^^^embeied. See advertisement 



"HamUl's Boat Livery. 



The Patrol Launch, Meenegha. 

The Ontario Government patrol boat, Meeneeha 
th! fi . =',°^ ^^'- ^^"^'^"^ Smith, of Gravenhurst' 
t'tt'^rrLnh: sr:::i,^- t^e MusL^X' 
stantly touring he^Tes Ind ^. ^^ ^T' /' '=°"- 
™aintkinedfo;iaw;reat^s'"^,^/smrth^t^^^^ 
neTes^af/lor "=^'°^" ''T'^ fo/^Ss' which'iMw^ 
^ater^ ^ Th! ^'V""'^''''' ^^^'°« ^^ Ontario 
Hor^p^ower^'c liSdS en^gi^^^Se bf. ^p^ ^^^^ 
me, Wallcerville, Ont., Ind 'g™:f f .',[ ^s^fac W 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



297 




For all subjects requiring an ultra-rapid exposure— often under adverse conditions — 
you will find an ideiil negative medium in the 

WELLINGTON 

'XTMH SPEEDY PLHTE 

Speed— 350 H. & D. The fastest and cleanest working plate in the world. 

WELLINGTON & WARD, 

Elstiee, England. 



13 St. John Street, Montreal, P.Q. 




A KOROMA 

Is tke Camera to bay for pleasart or baaiaMs 

Korona Cameras 

TAEX PICTURXS ON PLATKS OK FILMS 

You caji aie pUtes tot economj when taklnc a few pietarw 
troQ Bd borne or dujlight dim ptcka In the XOKOKA ASiAX- 
TXX when 70a trarel and dealre Aim eonrenleae*. n* 
ordinary film camera has rery few of the adjaatnteBts aMi 
conrenleaeea of a plate camera and for many porpoaw 1b 
oaeleM. 

A KOKOVA OAJCEXA 1* food for erery phot«cnphle 
aub}«ct, eqaallT complete aa a film camera or aa a plBte 
camera. The mechanJeal coBitractlon of the Kereaa 0«a- 
era ia perfect, and the workmanship la anpcrb. The sign 
of qoallt7 la a Korona li apparcBt at Irat glaoee t« aay- 
OBO whether they know the points of a camera or act. 

We DOVT WAJTT TO IKLL TOTT A XOXOVA OAK- 
ZlA.. ..We anljr wlah to send 700 «ar iBterwUBg 
cataloffve of Koroaa Cameras and fire 70B the addMBB 
of the dealer la joar rtclalty who will b« pleaaad to 
w« make. 



btiow yea the dlCereat klads of Koresa Oaa«ras 

CrTkis 0«tal*t«e ^^^ aU abMt emx wUttml mmw 

PAJNCSATIC TXLXPHOTO LSNS 

Gundlach-Manhattan Optical Company 

fM Cliatoa A.TeB«« So^ Rockeatar, H.T. 

0«r f«odx are sold bj 

T. KATOM Ce^ LTB. UVITXD PHOTOOKAPHIC STOKES, Ud. 



reronto aad Winaipec. 



Tonmta. MontxeaL Ottawa. Qnebae. 




298 



ROD AND GUN IN CANAJJA 



The Swastika Hotel. 

The demand for hotel acconunodation at Bala 
prompted Mr. E. B. 8utton proprietor of the 
general store at Bala, to erect an up-to-date mod- 
ern hotel, known as the Swastika Hotel. Those 
seeking a resort where they can secure aceommo- 
dation equal to that provided by any of the city 
hotels will find this place appeals to them. It is 




the only brick hotel in Muskoka — and guests will 
feel secure in case of fire, while during the hot 
sumer weather this building is exceptionally cool. 
Swastika Hotel is conducted by one who has stud- 
ied the needs of Muskoka tourists for many years. 
^AB meals served are all that can be desired. 
Those patronizing this hotel will be accorded the 
best of treatment, for Mr. Sutton realizes that a 
satisfied guest is a most effective advertisement. 
See advertisement in this issue giving rates, etc. 



M. S. Hurling, Boat Livery and Ice 
Cream Parlors. 

Tourists and campers enjoy themselves at Bala 
and enjoyment means keeping cool. This can 
best be done by imbibing ice-cream soda and a 
complete variety of flavors will be found at M. S. 




Hurling's ice-cream parlor in the Bala Road be- 
tween the Win.lsor Hotel and the bridge. He has 
also an up-to-date boat house where a number of 
row boats and canoes can be rented at a moder- 
ate price. 



Roselawn Lodge, Bala. 

Those who prefer home comforts to hotel life 
will find such a place at Bala, namely J:ioselawn 
Lodge where excellent board and lodging may be 
obtained for the moderate sum of from $9 to $12 
per week. Roselawn Lodge is beautifully situated 
on the banks of the Muskoka River. There are 
three modern cottages acconimoda'^ing seventy- 
five guest>. Lovely grassy lawn-, shady groves, 







croquet and tennis lawns afford excellent means 
for recreation. The board is excellent. The 
proprietor, Mr. Thos. Burgess, and his wife are 
excellent hosts and their one aim is to so please 
their guests as to lead them to pay return visits. 



PORT CARLING, MUSKOKA. 

Port Carling, "the gateway of Mus- 
koka." the connecting link between Lakes 
Muskoka and Rosseau. is one of the live- 




liest and prettiest spots in the Province. 
The scene upon the arrival of the various 
steamers is animated and interesting. 
The members of both sexes who have 
been in Muskoka for a short time testify 
by their appearance to the excellence of 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



290 



For tlM Home Um 
Ciab. (he Ltctert 
Hall and ThMtrc 




Butcher's Optical Lanterns 

^TTId Butcher's Lanterns two things stand out pre-«ninent — their sound work- 
^ manship and design, and their excellence for the money. Butcher's lanterns 
are designed by expert lantemists and made by skilled English workmen. 

An intere«ting booklet "Optical Lanterns aad How to Use Tkem" will be sent free to any 
•ddreM ob receipt of post card. This booklet should be in the hands of all those interested in pro- 
iection work. It is'brimfuljof interesting infonnation. See you get one. 

THE "PENANG" LANTERN. 

A well Japanned tin lantern, per- 
fectly ventilated, with open stage and 
brass front sliding tubes. It is fitted 
with a 4 in. compound condenser, 
best double achromatic projectinir 
lens in rack and pinion mount. A 
good quality 3 wick oil lamp is also 
supplied, and the outfit is in a neat 
Japanned tin carrying case. 

Price No. 4 — with 3 wick oil 
lamp, $10.60. 

THE "COMET" LANTERN... 

This lantern is made of Russian 
Iron, of most compact design. The 
front stage is made of stout brass, 
with drawn brass extension tubes. 
The condensor is a 4 in. piano con- 
vex, the lens, a best quality ackro- 
matic with 2 in. back lens, in rack 
and pinion mount with flashing 
shutter. The whole in a Russian 
Iron carrying case with handle. 

Price No, 9 — with 3 wick oil 
lamp, $15.00. 

The "IRON DUKE" LANTERN No. 14 

Substantially built of Russian Iron, 
with solid brass front draw tubes and 
pinion tilter, and sliding rod with ctirtain 
at back. Quick thread adjustment is fit- 
ted to tile carrier. A ^% in. piano con- 
denser, interchangeable tube for lens, and 
4 wick stock's pattern lamp. 

Price No. 14 — with stocks pattern 
oil lamp, $32.50. 

NATIONAL DRUG AND CHEMICAL CO. OF CANADA, Limited 

MONTREAL AND BRANCHES 





When writing Advertisers kindly mention Eod and Gun in Canada. 



r.oi) 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



the climate and the beneficial effects of 
Muskoka air and sunshine. 

There are numerous hotels and board- 
ing houses, several boat liveries, including 
Ditchburn's, Johnston's and Bastien's, 
where canoes and boats and motor boats 
may be hired or purchased. The side 




Log Priving a* Poit Carling', Muskoka. 

trips that can be taken from this point are 
innumerable and there is no need to go 
far to find natural beauty spots in abun- 
dance. Those who know it best testify 




Sir John A. Macdonald Rock, Near Port Carling, Muskoka. 

to its advantages by repeated annual vis- 
its. There are many good fishing places 
in the near neighborhood. There have 
been some good, catches during the pres- 
ent season and reports are still coming in. 



m 


f^^^^pi 


flPP 








— 1 --^■- 


^^■^■'y-r^-:::: . 


^\^j 




•■■^•'^ 


■mmi 


■l 



Ditchburn & Son, Boat Houses, Port 
Carling. 

It is estimated th?t between five and six hun- 
dred motor boats of every size and description 
operate on Lakes Muskoka and Rosseau. It is 
therefore a great advantage to all motor boat 
owners and users to have the facilities Messrs. 
Ditchburn place at their service. Their accessor- 




M^Si/ppyisftta Boats. "»"• 




ies department is noted for its eflficieney and thor- 
oughness. Gasoline tanks can be refilled at any 
hour of the day. The firm has boat build ini'.r 
works at Gravenhurst in charge of Mr. Herber't 
Ditchburn. They carry complete lines and have 
also a good repair deparhment. 



w. 



J. Johnston, Boat Livery, 
Port Carling. 



The great majority of the many visitors to 
Port Carling during the season wish to indulge in 
some boating and Mr. Johnston has plenty of 
canoes and boats for hire. Well built and easily 
managed boats are to be found in his livery and 




Steam Yacht of E. 



R, Woods, Near Port Carling, 
Muskoka. 



those who patronize him are always well satis- 
fied with the treatment they receive at his hands. 
Two family launches, each accommodating fif- 
teen passengers, are being made for Mr. Johnston 
and will be in commission about July 15th. Each 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



301 



».X.^.X..K.^^.X.^»^^.X.^.jfr^.X-»»-K-»-?H("X"X"» XXMXXXXXXXMXXXXXMXXKXXXXXK ' X-^-X-^-X-Sf **-aHt-*»-»» 




IS ALL YOU HAVE TO PAY US FOR THE 

C,A.¥, High Tension Magneto 

Complete with distributor and One Year Guarantee. Same price 
for 1, 2, 3 and 4 cylinder ontfit; $3.50 extra for the 6 cylinder outfit. 

LIBERAL DISCOUNT TO THE TRADE' 

FRANCO -AMERICAN AUTO CO. 



Agents for Ceuiada and U.S.A., 

782 ST. CATHERINE STREET WEST, MONTREAL- | 

¥r*¥r X X X X X X X 4^»*-?H(-»^»-?Ht "X X X X X X 



*****-X-X-***-X"5«"3f ■X-*-X"X"X")<-*-X"X"X"X- - X - X X X-X-X- 




W. MANNA & CO. 

Port Carling, Muskoka 
A GENERAL STORE 

where a complete stock of 

TOURISTS' REQUIREMENTS 

CAMPERS' 

ANGLERS' 

HUNTERS' ' ,. 

comprising evervthing in eatable lines, tishing 
tackle, photo supplies, hardware, tinware, crockery, 
stoves, etc., can be had. Post office. Telegraph 
office. I,etter or phone orders our specialty. 

W. Hanna & Co., Port Carling. Muskoka 

Mention hftvingset-n adv«rti=einent in KOli AND or.v 



Jusi Out! 

Our complete Catalog of Elec- 
trical Supplies. A card will 
bring it to you. 

Coils, Plugs, Timers, Switches, 

Storage Batteries, Volt and 

Ammeters, Lighting Optfits, 

Etc. 

Mosler Spitfire Spark Plugs $1.50 

Mica and Porcelain Plugs $1.00 

Single Cylinder Coils $5.00 

Others in Proportion 

NO DUTY 

Let Us Know Your Needs. 

R. H. SORENSEN 

Walkerville, Ont 



302 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



launch is equipped with Ferro double cylinder en- 
gines 15 h.p. Competent men will be in charge 
and these launches may be hired or will ply be- 
tween different points. Mr. Johnston has also a 
large livery at Port Sandfield, Muskoka. 




Port Carling House, Port Carling, Kuskoka. 



George Sutton, Butcher, Port Carling. 

Mr. Sutton is an enterprising merchant and his 
customers are located all through Muskoka, supply 
boats ensuring an efficient service. Mr. Sutton 
is enthusiastic over the future of Port Carling, and 
his faith in that future is best shown by his own 
efforts in development. In addition to his meat 
and provision business he has a fine confectionery 
store and an ice cream parlor, forming a recognized 
gathering place for visitors, who find enjoyment in 




this cool retreat, together with the refreshing 
drinks served there. Tourists from both the States 
and Canada are yearly finding additional attrac- 
tions at Port Carling. 



Tourists and campers are allowed to bring their 
outfits into Canada duty free, provided they take 
them out again within six months. Deposits have 
to be paid at ports of entry and these are refund- 
ed on return if provisions legal are complied with. 

Extra baggage is allowed to sportsmen and 
tourists, the details of which may be obtained 
from all railway and ticket agents. 



W. Hanna & Co., General Store, Port 
Carling. 
This fine general store is well known to the many 
visitors passing through Port Carling every sum- 
mer. Mr. Hanna, who has been engaged in bus- 
iness enterprises in this place for thirty years, 
has brought to bear on the selection of his stock 
all the skill and experience this long period of 
business life has given him, with the result that 
tourists and campers can be certain to have their 
requirements fully met. The large and varied 
stock affords ample room for choice and the reas- 




onable prices charged make it unneoesary for tour- 
ists to burden themselves with parcels and sup- 
plies from further afield. With Z\Ir. Hanna's 
knowledge and experience at their service, tour- 
ists and sportsmen can have full oonfidence in 
outfitting here. Two supply boats make daily 
trips during the season on the three Muskoka 
Lakes calling at the numerous points, hotels, cot- 
tages and camps. 




TTncl» Sam at Poiit Carling, Muskoka, 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



303 




PORTABLE HOUSE P 



» < ■ » i | . » » » » » » » , % , . | . , 1 » ■!. .|. . t . . t .|. . 1 . .1. . | . » ■ ! ■ ♦ ^ 



A poitible cottage appeals to a conservative man for 
the following reasons : — 

ist.— The initial cost is comparatively low. 2nd. — The 
'ow cost of erection, combined with the ease with which 
they are erected and not necessitating a carpenter makes 
vacation a pleasure. 3rd.— The comfort and convenience 
permits the lady of the house to get the rest which is so 
essential to her health. 4th. — The artistic finish of our 
houses has always appealed to women 5th. — 90 per cent, 
of this seassns sales have been to Bankers, men who are 
accustomed to selecting nothing but gilt edged investments. 

We are offering a limited number of houses (25) for sale 
at reduced prices Order early and avoid being disappointed. 



4 

♦ 



THE SCHULTZ BROS.. COMPANY. LTD., 39 Albion Street, Brantford. Ont. I 



^.i..i..i..t..|..t.»»»»,|.»» ^ 



EVERY MAN ^younc andold) 



FREE 



Should have our Free Book— A Remarkable Recent Discovery of a New, 
Harmless, Agreeable and Infallible Remedy. 

To all interested men, we will send by mail our FREE BOOK, 
carefully sealed in plainenvelope, which fully explains our modern 
treatment, how weak men of all ages, suffering from masculine 

debility, loss of power, etc., etc., can now rapidly recover their lost vitality and vigor. 

No matter your age, or the cause of your present weak state, our remedy acts in a most 

marvellous manner and makes premature old men strong, healthy and vigorous. All 

letters and communications strictly confidential. Address, 

AGOTE INSTITUTE. 

55 University Street, MONTREAL, Canada 



Suite 39 




No. 10 $3.50 No. 14 $5.00 No. 12 $4.00 

Mm of MAt 16 X 1« 19 z It la X If 

H«l(kt •t back from teat SS Im. M Im. M la. 

H«lckt •t arm from Mst 9% in. It la. M la. 

THl dUtinetlTe feature ab«ot mj Willow rvnltvr* to sot tiM price, bat tbe qnalitr— lota •! Art f^nltOM 
la told at laaa, bat 70* w««M Mt waat It at aay rrlee whea plae«4 alMgolde •< TOmrOIB'S WO. 
LOW rUKNITUBB. I crow mj owa wlUa>«r. I — pa rrlae ^rvoiuOly tke warkmaaahlp. I gaanalM' 
Btrmctk aad dnrabUlty la ererr article. k» U BKAUTT of tUs funltare. It apMki far IImU. Ike 
baadaome aet, Ulnitrated aboTc, aclla for |ia.M. It eompriaaa tkraa eoaifertable arm ckaln, —Mt at 
Wlllew. That meaaa coolaeaa and comfort. TV«t« la ao r«aaon la the world wkr 70a aho«14 alt ta an ■»- 
reatllated aad onhealtk/ opkalatered ckalr wkea 70a can ba7 tkaac artlatlc chain at price* fiw 9I.M la $lt. 
We alae manafaetare a Tartet7 ef etker Boah tad WUlow raraltnre, lacladlac Sctaaa, kxm ObalJB, 
raBC7 Ohaiia, laralid'a Okaira, Tablea, Pleaie Baaketa. JLOtomoMliata' Baaketa, aad aameroas atkar artlelMt. 
•padal Baaketa of aB7 Bt7le mad* to order. No extra pafk1a< charfea fer ahlpplac to oataiA* patota. Sea^ 

"**^ IV. YOUNGER, 666 Yonge St., Toronto 



-".Oi 



ROD AND GUX IN CANADA 



Automobile Launch Folding Top 

Mauufactured by 

TORONTO AUTO TOP & 
BODY CO., LIMITED, 

Royce and Osier Ave., 
Toronto, Ont. 

Automobile Bodies, 

' Tops, Etc. 

Boat Tops and Cushions. 

"Write for prices. 





See 
New Features 

Low Prices 



1910 



Do not mUs oar Cataloiroe 

GUARANTEE MOTOR CO., 

65 Ray St.. North - Hamiltoa. Ont. 



No camp or summer cottage can aflford to be 
without one. Simply place your food in FIRELESS 
COOKER, go away, return when you like, your 
meal is ready to serve. Will roast, bake or 
hoil. Requires no watching. Five dollars and 
upwards, Order one now from 

I A WELCH 81 SON 

% "Room R," 304 Queen St. W., Toronto. 



Beers Brothers 

THERM05W 




Yoa ne«d one In year hoQM. 

Eeepi the temperature exACt- 
ly right, day and night. Savei coal, s«tm 
worry. Works on fumacei, hot water or 
(team beaten. Anyone can attach. 

It Tends the Heater 

The aimpltxt apparatna made, gnarantx^r^ 

to work perfectly and last for yeara. Btg 

and little homes ne*d It. Send today foe 

booklet. 

BKEU BKOI. TEKOKOBTAT CN>. 

IM Portland At*. Boeh— tM, X. T. 




The time to hunt is at either end of day. 
The kind of sight to use is the one you 
can see. Daniel's Patent Concentric sight 
is the best in the world for those dark 
places. You can prove it. Price only $2.00. 

Address C. DANIEL, Box B 3, Melbourne, Wash. 



The Powerful Hitf AT.t.'TV Marine Motor Is n#w made In All Alnmlnnm or All Iron as desired. 

Dor luTentlon of the Alnmlnum Cylinder with cast In Iron liner for piston travel (Pat. App. Fsf.) is 
the greatest step forward of the decade In gas eiiglne construction. The Alamlnam Cylinder b«s eoms f 
stay. In Iron or Alamlnam a 8MALLET Is the perfection of excellence. Oar catalog sent on reqnsst glvM 
all SllALLET details and will ke*nly interest yon. 

GEfNERAL MACHINERY COMPANY. 

73 Trumbull Ave, Bay City. Mich., U.S.A. 



ROD AND GUX IX CAXADA 



305 



G. J. CROWDY 



JAMES HUTTON & CO. 

Manufacturers' Agents 
MOINTREAL 

REPRESENTING 

Joseph Rodgers & Sons, Ltd., Sheffield 
Cutlers to His Majesty. 



Steel, Peech & Tozer, Ltd., Sheffield 
Steel Axles, Tyres, Spring Steel, etc., etc. 



W. & S. Butcher, Sheffield 
Razors, Files, etc. 



Thos. Goldsworthy & Sons, Manchester 
Emery, Emery Cloth, etc. 



BURROUGHES & WaTTS, LTD., LONDON 

Billiard Tables, etc. 



Thos. Jenkins & Co., Birmixgham 
Fusees and Fog Signals. 



Get Your Old Safety Razor 
Blades Re-sharpened 

30c a dozen — 2hc each. 

Dull razor blades (any make or ordinary 

blade razor l made sharper than new by 

the Keen Blade Process. Mail them 

or call. 

KEEIN BLADE CO. 

Room 14. Quebec Bank Bldg. 

Corner King and Toronto Sts., Toronto 



Life Preserver Cushions 

For all kinds of Boats 

THE BEST IN THE WORLD 

Light as a feather. Comfortable to 
felt upon. 2\ ?q. feet. Will float a 24 lb. 
weight. Will not absorb moisture. 

Write for particulars and price list. 

SUMMERS & WIGGINS 

471 Spadina Avenue, Toronto. 
Phone Coll. 2149. 




APPROPRIATE GIFTS At Hope's bird Store 
ParroU. Cac* Birdj and P«t Anlmala. BOPB'S Wi 
r«c«ol*«<l throachoQt Canada aa cr«at«st Blr4 tUrv 
St. Andreabarc trained caaary warblerB, da7ll«kt naA 
taall«ht lUfera. Make joaz kom* chMrfttl wltk «•• 
•f tkCM rrand ilnffcn. Ocrmao Caaaria*, N^rvlo 
CanarlM, Scotch raacr Canaries; G«Id*»k; t^acj »*t 
<>«^Boii Parrots; Sii«Uah binU, faa«7 »•«*«•: rua 
'ilob^s. BinU shipped la coldest weather with Mr«<T 
IM QUXrV IT. -W.. TOKOVTO. 



Tks C«Iskrats4 Hiigsrisi asi EbcUbIi 

Partridges and Pheasants 

Capereailxles, Blaek Oame, WUd Tnrker*. QullA, 
Kabbits. Deer^ etc., tor itecUnc parposee. TAmey 
Pheasant*. Peafowl, Swans, Craees, Storks, Orvo- 
Ksatal Oeese sod Daeks, rozss BQairrtls, Vorrsts, 
•te. xn klBds of birds and anlaals bMtkt and 



Mid. 



WENZ & MACKENSEN 

r^^.ASJjrrtT « baxx pailk. yaxi>lzt. 



TA. 









Advcrtlacarimts will h* !»• 
tvUi Ir thii D«p«rtnM»t lA 
2c. ■ ward. S«Rd U»mp$ wMh 
•rdcr. C«py iheaM n*l b« laltr 
IhM th« I5lk or th« iMMlK. 




For Sale, Want, and 
Exchange Depts. 











AUTOMOBILES. 
FOR S VLE — UUls runabout, been used only a month. 
Single cjliuder, 12 h.p. A bargain. Box T., Rod and 
Gun, Woodstock. tf 

BIRDS AND ANIMALS. 
rOR SALE — Three pain of Golden I'beaianti, per pair 
110.00; Golden Pheasant eggs, $5.00 for 13; Ring Neck 
Pheasont eggs, $2.50 for 13. If aecessarj will exchange 
for sporting goods. Carl Herman, Pheasant Breeder, Yar- 
Biauth, Nova Scotia. 

CAMERA — Korona Petit, 3V4x5%, post card sljie, with 
rapid rectilinear lens, mannfactured by the Gondlach-Mao- 
kattan Optical Co., Rochester. Can use either plate* or 
fllm packs. Also a Marrel Petit, 3^x5^. Will sell either 
•ne at a bargain. Apply Box 4, Rod and Qan, Toronto, 
UntarU. 

~~ DOGS. 

BEAGLES— I have several registered stud bitches, open 
or in whelp, for sale. One of the best stud dogs in 
Canada at stud. Nothing but registered stock handled. 
Description, pedigree and photos upon application. Grand 
River Beagle Kennels, Breslau, Ont. W. M. Middleton, 
Prop. tf 

nis breeding Is aniinrpassed and fee Is reasonable. If in- 
terested, write for fuller partlcolars. R. A. Richardson, 
Chatham. Ont. 

ENGLISH BEAGLES — Choice Beagles for sale, fully 
pedigreed. 3. H. Boynton, Smith's Falls, Ont. 

AIREDALES — .3 dog puppies, bred from the very best of 
stock. Large strong puppies and in grand condition. 
Write if Interested. Bawden, Dniggist, Ridgetown. Ont. 

WANTED^Eield Spaniel puppy, dog. about 6 months old. 
Or small, red. short-haired terrier. Good hunting stock. 
James Letherdale, Penetang, Ont. It 

FOR SALE — Fox Terriers, all ages, bred from first-class 
hunting stock on fox. coon, mink and skunk. Write 
Chas. Reasbeck, Vankleek Hill. Ontario. It 



FOR SALE — Chesapeake Bay puppies, 3 dogs and 5 
bitches from registered stock. Address A. H. Wieckert, 
Neenah. Wis., 30.3 High St. It 

FOR SALE — .\-l Irish Water Spaniel, well broken. Ad- 
dress Joe Swedeske, 327 Centre St.. Neenah. Wis. It 



FOR SALE — Siz ""4 bred black and tan .bloodhound pup*. 
14 American for houund. Sire imported, winner of 4 first 
prizes in England and 3 firsts in Canada. Mother a 
beauty, winner of two firsts and one special prizes the only 
time shown: no better bitch ever tracked a deer. Pups 
whelped April 22. Price $10.00 each. J. W. McCallum. 
848 Helmuth Ave., London, Ont. It 



ENGINES. 
A one-cylinder, three horse-power marine engine; dia- 
meter fly wheel, 16 in.; diameter engine shaft, 1% in.; dia- 
meter propilied shaft, % in.: length of bed. 14 in.: widtli 
of bed. 1.5 in.: center of shaft to bottom of crank chamber, 
5-% in. ; center of shaft to top of cylinder. 22 in. : diameter 
exhaust pipe. 114 in.: box, 4 in.; shote, 5 in.: weight 
complete, 240 lbs. Complete equipment. Box 52. Motor 
Magazine, Toronto. tf 

FOR SALE — Cheap for cash, several marine engines from 
2 to 10 horse-power, various makes. Will sell at a bargain. 
Give full particulars as to style and horse power required. 
W. H. Martin. Sporting Goods Dealer, Woodstock, Ont. tf 

WANTRD^One or two H.P. light weight gasoline boat 
engine. I'lease say what make, how heavy, in what condi- 



tion. Price must be right. F. W. Hess, Box 224, Zurich 
Ont. It 

WANTED — A one or two H. P. light weight gasoline 

boat engine. Please say what make, how heavy, in what 

condition. Price must be right. F. W. Hess, Zurich, 
Ont. It 

FISHING TACKLE BARGAINS, 
The followinj; fishing tackle bargains must be sold at 
once. Great opportunity to purchase genuine bargains: — 

U. B. Spin Flies, each 25c 

tl. B. Live Frog Harness Hooks, each 25c 

Sullivan Safety Hook and Reel Guard, each 25c 

Coller Rubber Winding Grips, each 23c 

Forty yard Pillar click reel, brass, each 2oC 

McCurdy Frog Harness Hooks, each 30c 

Genuine Star Spoon Baits, 1-0, each 30c 

Success Fish Head Luminous Spoon Baits, each 30c 

Gut Casting Tin Cases, aluminum, each 30c 

Anti Cussin Fish Hook Holder, each 35c 

A. B. Patent Troll, near gold, each 35c 

Landing Net, 20 inch, linen, each 40c 

Kelso Pearl Spoon Bait, each 40c 

Hartung Feathered Bass Bait, each 40c 

Fly Book, imitation leather, Q\i, inches, each 40c 

Gem Carlton Reel, each 45c 

Rubber and Nickel Click Reel, each 45c 

Fly Book, dark roan, 6% inches, each 45c 

Pillar Brass Reel, eighty yard, click, each 45c 

Oaff Hook, without barb, each 50c 

Elite Single Minnow Pail, 8 quart, each 50c 

Friend Double Spinner Bass Bajit. each 60c 

Balance Handle Multiplying Reel, each 60c 

Carlton Ideal Reel, each 80c 

Frost Kelso Automatic Reel, each $4.00 

Yawman & Erbe Automatic Reel, each $4.00 

Meek Blue Grass Reel, German Silver, each $5.00 

Greenhhart Trout Rod, made by Divine Co., 10 feet 
in length, weight 9^2 ounces, extra tip. Hand 

made rod $8.50 

Dagama Bass Rod, SK feet in length, three pieces, 

extra tip. Mounted German Silver „ .$9.00 

Send all remittances to Sportsmen's Supply Depot, To- 
ronto. Orders filled same day as received. 

OUNS 
I.«feTer HammerleM Onn, D. S. Orsde. Bnra-Nltro ttMl 

barrel, twelre gauge, half pistol grip, mbber ball plate, 
stock 14 Inches. Box "Leferer," Rod and Qua, S Klnj St. 
W., Toronto. tf 

ITHACA H.^MMERLESS GUN, 12 gauge, 30 Inch bar- 
rels, perfect condition, cost $40.00. Pr.».e with gun case 
and loading tools, $2.j.00. W. Seiveright Sherbrooke, 
Que. It 

ITHACA, Ilammerless Ejector. 12 bore. $70 grade, new 
.3nx7%xl4x3. Price $50.00. Also a Marlin Pump gun. 12, 
take down, repeater, 32 in. barrel, full choke, almost new, 
with case, $19.00. Also IS fine hand-made cedar decoys. 
Write Box A. M.. Rod and Gun. Woodstock, Ont. It 

FOR S.\LE — At popular prices, full line of Ithaca and 
I'nion Shotsruns and Standard Rifles. Write us for prices. 
.\gents wanted. National Wire Fence Co., Prescott, Ont. 

2t 

FOR S.\LE — New Rominjrton Repeating Shot Gun. full 
choke. 32 inch, full length, top rib. Twenty-one Dollars. 
One Clahroiigh Double Barrel. S Gause, Sixty Dollars. 
Rnx 219. Prescott. Ont. It 

FOR S.\T i^ — Automat'c Shot Gun Shell Loading Machine, 
''■inacity eight thousand daily. 2 Horse-power Gas Engine 
Tnd Accessories. Applv Box 50. Rod and Gun, Woodstock. 

It 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



307 



POK SALE — Parker IlammerleM, 12 (•.. 7% bb. CMt 
<nu. Tltaolc steel barrel. Beantlful can, sot Mll«4 — 
barfalB. Waterloo period flint lock maaket, go«d ewBdltlMi. 
Box 18, Swan Lake, Manitoba. 

Tarxet Smith ft Weaaon .38 mllltarr revvlrer, OH la- 
barrel, Lyman Sight. Ideal tooLa for aame, e«at fartr- 
•Igbt doUara — for thirty dollar*. Apply Box D. 8., B«d 
and Ona, Toronto. 

rOS SALB — No. 2 grade Smith antomatlc ejector, 6%, 
3fl. 14. IH, 2H. 12g. perfect CMidttlon. right % a»d left 
mil choke. Price $06. Will take Winchester pnmp and 
difference. Box 113. KlngerlUe, Ont. 



LAUNCHES. 
rOK SALE— Smack. Kawartha Lakes. Good «oadltl«B. 
Apply R. P. Baker, DnlTer»lty of Chicago. 

Twenty-three foot laanch hall, semi-speed design, mana- 
(aetnred by Bobertson Broe., Hamilton. Built of cypras and 
««k. Apply Box 17. Bod and Gan, Toronto, Ontario. 

rOH SALB— Fine cabin cmlser, 40x8, 25 H.P. Cost 
<a.000 — to be gold for nnpald balance. $700.00 Salt*ble for 
^asenger. Apply John Sale, Windsor, Ont. 2t 



A 8-10 H.P. Twin Screw, Van Anken motor, with the 
following eqalpment: Spark plugi. commatator, apark coU. 
primary and secondary wires, muffler, starting leTer, tool*, 
and conpllnKs bored to enit propeller shafts, also a ap*cia11> 
selected carburetor. Send for further partlcolars to Box 11 
Rod and Gnu. Toronto. Ontario. 

MOTOR ACCESSORIES. 

Below find a list of Motor Boat and Automobile Acces- 
sories offered for sale at alluring prices: — 

MAGNETOS— Type B. Wizard, for make and break en- 
gines: type H. Wizard Magnetos, for two cycle engines, 
and multiple cylinder stationary engines: length 12 inches, 
width 6 inches, height S inches, weight 24 lbs. Send for 
prices of abore. 

PROPELLER WHEELS— 12 inch, left hand, three blade 
bronze wheel, $4.00: twelve inch, right hand, two blade 
bronze. $3. 2.5: sixteen inch, left hand. Weedless bronze, 
?7.2."i: 12 inch, three blade, cast iron, $2.25; Bryant & Ber- 
ry. 14 Inch, three blade, right hand, bronze wheel. $8.00; 
Bryant & Berry. 16 inch, three blade, bronze wheel, $9.00. 

CARBURETORS — One inch. Heitger Carburetor. Model 
B.. $7.50; one and half inch, Heitger Carburetor, Model B.. 
$9.00. 

BOAT SEARCHLIGHTS— Acetylene Searchlight, made by 
Hiram L. Piper Co., complete with generator. $10.50. 

GREASE GUNS— Miller, indispensable to motor boat 
owners, each, $1.40. 

FLASH-LIGHTS — No motor boat or automobile owner can 
afford to be witiiont one. Wonder flashlight, always ready, 
■outlasts them all. complete with new battery. 90c; Vest 
pocket flashliKlit. complete with new batter.v, 75c. 

BATTERY CONNECTORS— Cleveland Battery Connectors, 
latest out. per dozen. 60c: half dozen. 75c. 

MARINE ENGINES — Ranging in horse-power from two 
horse, single cylinder, two cycle, to ten horse-power, three 
cylinder, all with complete outfits. Also a number of hori- 
eontal opposed engines, with complete outfits. Close 
prices quoted. 

Address all enquiries and remittances to MARINE EN- 
GINE AND MOTOR SUPPLY EXCHANGE. Toronto. Or 
<1ers filled same day as received. 



SPECIALS. 
FOR S.iLE — Finest speckled trout eggs, fry, fingerlings, 
etc., always for sale in season at the ideal private hatch- 
ery of Dr. A. R. Robinson, Silver Creek, Caledon Moun- 
tains. Also fishing permtited to responsible parties. Ad- 
dress A. J. Walker, Caldwell P. O., Ontario. d-llt 



WANTED — Island in Georgian Bay suitable for summer 
home. Address .1. H., care of Rod and Gun, Toronto. 

WANTED — Pair of young beavers, male and female. 
■Write .T. D. .Tenkins. Charlottetown. P. E. I. It 

FOR SALE — Summer Cottage at Torrance. Lake Muskoka, 
near P. O. and steamboat wharf. George Parker. Box 176, 
Gravenhurst. 2t 

TWO Mr.«iKOKA COTTAGES TO RENT— One "White 
House," two storey, nine roomefl cottage, including bath 



room, hot and cold water, wind mill; furnished complete. 
Boat house. Good bathing. Ten minutes row from Port 
Carling. "Beech Villa," seven roomed cottage; beautiful 
location; five minutes from Port Carling. For particulars, 
rent, etc.. Address "Box Cottage," Rod and Gun, Room 4, 
5 King St. W., Toronto. 



$1200 — Muskoka — Lack-a-Day — Cedar Bay— seven rooms; 
kitchen; stable; good fishing; unfurnished; references; 
spring; mail route. Thos. Cooper, Cooper's Falls, Ont. 



THE COLONY TRAP catches and drowns a whole family 
of muskrats at one set. Shaw's Drowner Is worth its 
weight in gold in saving furs of all water animals. Yoa 
make the set, the animal does the rest. You will wonder 
how you ever trapped without it. 5c brings you illus- 
trated trappers' guide. It explains everything "about the 
Colony Trap and Shaw's Drowner. Davenport Trap Co., 
Box C, Davenport, Iowa, U.S.A. it 



INDIAN MOTORCYCLES from two and three-quarter to 
seven horse-power, speed five to seventy-five miles per hour, 
chain or belt drive, battery or magneto ignition, prices 
two hundred and fiftfy to four hundred dollars. 
Mechanism simplicity itself, no wires, no levers, no trouble; 
our smallest model is perfection for city use, an excel- 
lent roadster, speedy and a splendid hill climber. See 
the Indian before buying. Lemon & Co., 16S McCaul 
St.. Toronto, Ont. it 

INDIAN SPEARHEADS— Made of red or black obsidian; 
price list for addressed envelope. T. H. Gilham, Highland 
Springs, California. it 



YOUR FALL HUNT— Experienced Hunter, Trapper and 
Guide wishes to correspond with person or persons re- 
quiring a companion or manager for hunting expedition 
throughout Canada. Apply immediately. A. S. Mason, 
Hunter, Trapper and Guide, Hd. St. Margaret's Bay, 
Halifax Co., Nova Soctia, Can. it 



SALMON FISHING on Matapedia River in Province of 
Quebec, along Intercolonial Railway, to rent by day, week 
or season. For particulars write to A. E. Alexander & Son, 
Campbellton. N.B. u 



TENT— Wanted, good second hand tent, fair alxe for 
family camping. Give particulars. Wllllame, 212 Board 
of Trade Building, Montreal. 

FOR SALE — Copies of Modern Sporting Gunnery. One 
of the most able books ever produced on technical gunnery. 
Price $2.00. Address Book Dept., Rod and Gun in Canada, 
Woodstock, Ont. it 

TAXIDERMISTS, 
FOR SALE — Moose head, 50 in. spread, 22 points, 13 In. 
webb, well set up. Cheap. Jas. Irwin, Campbellford, 
Ont. It 

SPORTSMEN— Your Office, Camp or Bungalow would b« 
greatly Improved in appearance by a fine game head. I 
can offer you one of the finest procurable In Canada, gnar- 
anteed perfect In every way. Write me today while 
fresh In your memory. Edwin Dixon, Ontarlo'a leading 
Taxidermist, Main St., Unlonvllle, Ont. it 

MOOSE HEADS — Two large ones having spread of 50 and 
53 Inches, heavy, well formed palms with tines; both 
mounted this season. Very reasonable prices for quick 
sale. Write for photos. Edwin Dixon, Taxidermist, 
Unlonvllle, Ont. it 

ELK HEAD — One of the finest in Canada, with It 
points: guaranteed perfect. Mounted this season. Should 
secare quick sale. Bdwln Dlion, Taxidermist, Unlonrllle, 
Out. tt 

TROTTT POITDS ' 

FOR SALE— Two trout ponds, well stocked and protected, 
suitable for small club or private parties: also fifty acres 
of land, good cottage, five-roomed, nice location on line 
of good roads, one mile from the Caledon Mountain Trout 
Club. Personal inspection requested. Forterras apply to 
Geo, Rgbinsgn, Claude P.O.. near Inglewood Jet. It 



308 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



SiTERLING QUALITY 

High Grade Marine Engines 

Engines of refinement to meet all mtirine lequiremenls 
for cruisers, launches, runabouts, speed and work boats. 

RELIABILITY AND ENDURANCE 

has been demonstrated by every Stei-ling owner whether in speed boat or ciuif er. 





4 CYCLE, 2-4-6-8 CYLINDERS 



Semi He'vy Duty 

iS-25-30-35 40 
Horse Power 



For Sped 

25-40-45-55-65- 1 oo-i 80-240 ' 
Horse Power 1 



For Heavy Duty 

8-i2-i8-'4o-6o 
»'orse Power 



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V 



^<? 



VOL. XII. No. 3 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

WOODSTOCK, ONT.. AUGUST, 1910 



Contents for August, 1910 

Fish aiul Game Protective Policy: The Ontario Report 310 

Ontario Game and Fisheries Commission, 1909-10 : 

Eeprodnetion of Full Interim Eeport A. Kelly Evans 315 

Mr. .Joseph Vance and His Wild Animal Pets : 

"Mr. Vance 's Pet Fox W. A. Bradley, B.A. 378 

A Strenuous Fishing Trip in the Quebec Wilds H. UoUinsworth 382 

Canoeing on Lake Superior, Part II Frederic Goodson Eigbee 390 

Cape Breton as a Tourist Resort : 420 

Canada 's National Parks -122 

A Beauty Spot of the Kawarthas Mrs. Katharine O'Loughlin 426 

Our Medicine Bag 430 

Trade Xotes 439 

The Trap 443 

Canadian Indian Meet at Niagara -on-the-Lake 443 

Alberta Provincial Tournament 4.52 

Manitoba Provincial Tournament 4.56 

Western Ontario League , . 460 



When Sending Change of Address Subscribers are Requested to Gi". : the Old Address 

as Well as the New. 

Communications on all topics pertaining to fishing, shootinir. f:inoe!ng. yachting, the l;ennel. aniatciu- 
photography and trapshooting will oc weicomed and published if possible. All coinninnieations must be 
accompanied by the name of the writer, not necessarily for iiiiblication. however. 

Eod and Gun in Canada does not assume any responsibility fo', nr necessarily endorse, any views e.\- 
pressed hv contributors to its columns. V.'. J. TAYLOR, Publisher. Woodstock, Ont. 

BRANCH OFFICES: 5 King St. W., Toronto, Ont. neraW Building. .Montreal. Que. 

Outer Temple. 223-225 Strand, Ixjndon, W. C, Eng. 5 Beekraan St., Temple Court, New York, N.Y. 
Entered Feb. 17, 1908, at the Post Office at Buffalo, N.Y., as second-class matter under Act of March 3,1908 



Fish and Game Protective Policy 

Ontario Report 



1 



N this number of llie Mag-azine our 
usually long and xaried table of con- 
tents has been reduced by the inclu- 
sion within its pages of the whole of 

the Interim Report of the Ontario Game 

and Fisheries Commission. 




MR. A. KELLY EVANS, 
and Game Commissioner for Ontario 



To devote fifty-six pages of one num- 
ber to a single subject requires consid- 
erable justification. We believe, how- 
ever, that our readers will endorse our 
action when they peruse the many im- 



portant statements and suggestions con- 
veyed in this Report. At first sight our 
readers outside Ontario may consider 
themselve slighted by finding the greater 
portion of the issue devoted to one Pro- 
vince. The Report, however, is inter- 
esting to sportsmen 
throughout Canada 
and the States, and 
the information and 
suggestions contain- 
ed therein are likely 
to have considerable 
influence upon the 
p ro t e ctive policies 
of all the Provinces 
of Canada and in 
some at least of the 
States. 

It is a misfortune 
that Government 
publications are so 
little read and that 
their usual fate i s, 
when tlie little 
splash occasioned by 
their issue has sub- 
sided, to find a cfuiet 
resting place in a 
pigeon hole in a 
ministerial office. In 
this instance a res- 
cue has been efTect- 
ed and by placing 
the full Report in 
the hands of sports- 
men in both coun- 
tries, much is done 
to insure a wide 
dissemination of its 
principles and a 
strong support for 
anv legislative proposals based upon it. 
As a work of reference, as a publica- 
tion likely to be continually quoted in the 
future and as a working basis for a broad 
protective policy, the full effects of which 



ROD AXi:) GL'X 1\ CANADA 



311 



none can foresee, though we know that 
tliey will well repay any effort made, this 
Report S'liould become historic and thus 
prove valuable to every reader. 

\\'e strongly recommend a careful study 
of the Report. Its appearance in full in 
the Magazine will enable every reader 
to give it a quiet and careful perusal and 
extend a thoughtful consideration to its 
many suggestions. It cannot be expected 
that every sportsman will agree to each of 
its many proposals, but they furnish not 
only food for thought. l)ut also a basis 
upon wdiich may be laid a policy of effec- 
tive protection, ^^'hile confined to prin- 
ciples only, leaving details for a further 
Report, enough is contained within its 
pages to give a lead for future improve- 
ment. 

A considerable responsibility rests up- 
on sportsmen in this matter. They now 
have the facts before them and will be 
enabled in their camps during the com- 
ing open season to talk over the whole 
subject and consider in detail the sugges- 
tions and proposals contained in the Re- 
port. The various branches of the On- 
tario Forest, Fish and Game Protective 
Association should also find much ma- 
terial to occupy attention at next winter's 
gatherings. Through these mediums the 
Government should be made aware of 
the state of feeling throughout the Pro- 
vince in regard to this matter. 

\\'hile every Province in Canada, pos- 
sesses its own particular advantages in 
fish and game, they all join in the desire 
to perpetuate these wonderful assets. If 
Ontario can give a lead in a policy which 
is truly Canadian and national, every 
sportsman in the Province will be proud 
of the fact, and fellow sportsmen through- 
out the Dominion will not hesitate to ac- 
cord support to any well thought out and 
beneficial advance. We are convinced 
that the great brotherhood of sportsmen 
everywhere will feel indebted to us for 
the bold course w^e have taken in giving 
up the majority of the space in this 
issue to a Report that not only gives out 
the facts fearlessly but also makes sug- 
gestions for improvement — suggestions 
which if carried out only in part will 
place Ontario in the -front rank of pro- 
tecting provinces. 



The present condition of things is dis- 
closed, an outline of a practical protective 
policy is given and both unite in render- 
ing the Report of such value that we con- 
sider our space well utilized in making 
room for it. 

The results, both direct and indirect, 
of this Report should be considerable and 
far reaching. In ithe first place the great- 
est effect should be felt in Ontario. If 
sportsmen do their duty the Government 
will not be allowed to ignore the Report 
or make light of its recommendatons. 
The wade circulation we are giving to 
this important publication ought to 
arouse public opinion to such an extent 
that the Government will have to base 
some legislation upon its principles. The 
Ontario Government, like all other 
governments, will act when public opin- 
ion has declared in favor of a given 
course and it rests largely with 
sportsmen, now they have been giv- 
en such an excellent lead, to educate pub- 
lic opinion to the standard necessary for 
legislative action to be successful. The 
policy of protection has secured public 
sympathy, and all it needs is thorough en- 
forcement. The latter has long been 
known as the weak point and it is here 
the Commissioner's recommendations are 
most weighty. A considerable improve- 
ment in enforcement would surely follow 
the adoption of even a proportion of 
them. 

We are indebted to the courtesy of 
the Provincial Government for the use of 
the type. 

We are sure our readers will join in 
congratulating the Commissioner, (Mr. 
A. Kelly Evans) upon the effective and 
thorough manner in which he has attack- 
ed the task committed to him. His pre- 
vious experience stood him in good stead, 
but he added to his knowledge by a care- 
ful personal study of existing conditions 
and by consulting experienced veterans 
as to recommendations. For these rea- 
sons the Report is doubly valuable — it is a 
record of things as they are without gloss 
or favor, and a series of recommendations 
based upon both knowledge and experi- 
ence, and therefore worthy of the best 
consideration of all concerned. 




Photo by F. /.'. Sallows. Godericli. Oni. 

HAPPILY ENGAGED IN HIS FAVORITE RECREATION. 




♦ t'-'-"- ■' " - -'-■ - '- — ^+ 4., 



ROD AND GUN 

IN CANADA 




VOL. 12 WOODSTOCK. ONT., AUGUST, 1910 NO. 3 

Ontario Game and Fisheries Commission 1 909- 1 0. 

INTERIM REPORT 

To the Honourable John Morison Gibson, 

Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Ontario. 

May it Please Your Honour, — The undersigned, appointed bj 
commission under the Great Seal of the Province, bearing date the seven- 
teenth day of July, A.D. 1909, to make enquiries, take evidence, and 
report generally upon all matters appertaining to the game fish, the 
fisheries and the game of the Province of Ontario, which may injuri- 
ously affect the same, and any niPlhods possible to increase their 
economic and other value to the masses of the people, begs leave here- 
with to submit an interim report. 

The instructions accompanyiug the Commission direct that the 
Investigation shall include the following particulars: 

1. The condition of the fisheries and game within the Province of 
Ontario and the adjacent waters, including: 

2. The advisability of establishing provincial fish hatcheries, includ- 
ing the estimated cost of maintenance and construction, the best 
methods of operation, and other matters relating thereto; 

3. The alleged existence of contracts between fishermen within the 
Province of Ontario and foreign fish companies and individuals, 
together with the effect of such contracts (if any) upon the fisheries of 
Ontario; 

4. The matter of foreign fish companies and individuals encourag- 
ing breaches of the law on the part of fishermen, and others resident 
in Ontario; 

5. The qualifications, conditions of service, skill, efficiency (physi- 
cal and otherwise), desirable for fisheries and game officials; 

6. The condition of the present equipment of the Department, 
together with the additional requirements (if any) in this regard in the 
matter of launches, boats, etc. ; 

7. The advisability of the co-operation by the ofiicers of other 
departments of the Government, and of other corporations, with the 
officers of the Department of Game and Fisheries, in assisting in the 
practical enforcement of the game laws and fishery regulations; 



314 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

8. Questions relating to the management of the public parks and 
forest reserves, especially in so far as the tourist sportsman traflftc is 
concerned ; 

9. All matters and things relating to fish and game which maj 
assist in the efficient management of the Game and Fisheries Branch of 
the public service in Ontario, or be of economic advantage to the Pro- 
vince. 

In entering upon the duties assigned to him, your Commissioner 
confidently anticipated bringing his labours to a conclusion within the 
space of a few months, counting upon the proposed International Fish- 
eries Treaty (dealing with the international waters of the Great Lakes, 
and promulgation of which was promised originally for about Decem- 
ber 1st) to remove many of the most difficult and vexed problems con- 
nected with the fisheries, and, also, be it admitted, not fully realizing 
the immensity of the work entrusted to him. Owing mainly to the 
unexpected delay in the promulgation of the International Fisheries 
Treaty, and also in a measure to the great range and intricacy of the 
questions to be dealt with, the necessity of collating evidence and data 
only obtainable by personal investigation and enquiry in widely-scat- 
U'lod localities, and the desirability of studying various aspects of 
certain of the questions involved during the different seasons of the 
^•ear to which they are peculiarly pertinent, your Commissioner has 
been unable to complete a report on all the questions called for by the 
Commission. In view, however, of the fact that a close study of the 
main factors in the present-day situation has decided your Commis- 
sioner to urge strongly upon Your Honour the adoption of certain 
broad principles, involving changes in the Government administrative 
service and expenditure of public moneys, your Commissioner has 
embodied the same in this interim report, in order that the principles 
may receive Your Honour's consideration while the details are being 
prepared for inclusion in his final report; and. in addition, he deals with 
such other questions as he considers it expedient to bring promptly to 
Your Honour's attention. 

Wardens and Overseers. 

Under the stress of modern civilization the jack-of-all-trades is 
rapidly being replaced by the specialist in every branch of business and 
commercial life. It is not sufficient for a man to be a respectable citi- 
zen, with just enough knowledge of his profession to enable him to 
disguise his own incapacity beneath a veneer of self-assurance. To get 
on in the world, to make good, a man must know his gun — lock, stock, 
and barrel; liis business from top to bottom and inside out. The pro- 
fessional man grasps this, and attunes himself to the situation; the 
business man realizes it, and, as employer, demands it of his employees. 
TTti fortunately, however, in the machinery for the enforcement of the 
regulations, designed to conserve for the people some of the natural food 



OXlARlO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 315 

resources of the Province, this most important fact seems to have been 
neglected, or, at least, overlooked. 

The organization of the outside service of the Department of Game 
and Fisheries is not the creation of one man or of one political party. 
It is, on the contrary, the child of circumstance, nurtured by the parti- 
zan spirit of political patronage, and handed down from one Adminis- 
tration to another. Though of late years a very distinct improvement 
has taken place, the briefest study of the system will disclose the neces- 
sity for radical reform. 

That the men entrusted by the Government with the enforcement of 
the law on the waters of the Province or in its woods should be expert 
sailors or woodsmen, as the case may be, and physically capable of dis- 
charging their duties, none will be found to deny; as likewise the fact 
that to employ those who are not, is, in the efficacy of its pecuniaiy 
investment, closely akin to casting gold into a bottomless pit. And 
yet, owing to the exigencies of political life in this Province, these ele- 
mentary considerations have been in the past all too frequently disre- 
garded in the selection of officers for the warden services. 

That a subordinate officer, entrusted with the enforcement of the 
game and fishery regulations over a district comprising many miles of 
lake and woodland, should be 90 years of age ; that an officer of the out- 
side service, occupying a position of some importance, should generally 
have the reputation among persons in his district of being unused to the 
handling of a boat, and timid of venturing his person on the water; that 
another fishery officer should be very intimate with the agent of a 
foreign company, trading as a Shylock among the simple fisherfolk of 
his district; that a game warden should have no woodcraft, and be 
afraid to venture alone into the woods ; that another should attach him- 
self to a shooting party and indulge with them in the illegal destruction 
of game during the closed season — these are, to say the least of it, 
absurdities; and yet they are but a few of the instances brought to the 
attention of your Commissioner, and are the inevitable and direct out- 
come of a system in which the most obvious and indispensable qualifica- 
tions have been brushed aside in favour of a party rosette. 

That any man will work, or even devote much time or energy, on 
that for which he is not paid at least a living wage, is open to the gravest 
doubt; but where something is offered for nothing, even thougli that 
something be the paltriest pittance, the applicants will undoubtedly be 
numerous, and but rarely of a truly desirable class. The paying of 
stipends, ranging from $25.00 to |200.00 (stipends such as those with 
which the pay sheet of the Game and Fisheries Department abounds), 
appears so closely akin to paying something for nothing that the differ- 
ence is almost indistinguishable. 

In the selection of officers for the outside service of the Department 
of Game and Fisheries it would seem that the principal general require- 
ments to be looked for are good character and sobriety, health, energy, 



316 RUl) A\D GUX IX CANADA 

strength, fearlessness, tact, thorough knowledge of the game laws and 
fishery regulations, and education sufficient to read and write; and 
that, in particular, for the Fishery Protective Service, knowledge of 
the different fishes, experience in the handling of boats, knowledge of 
the waters to be y)atro]]('d; and, in ])articular, for the Inland Service, 
knowledge of the denizens of the woods, their characteristics and habits, 
thorough expertness in the handling of a canoe, and experience in life 
in the woods and Avoodcraft, should be considered indispensable attain- 
ments. 

Your Commissioner is of the opinion that most of the harm done to 
the fish, game, and fur-bearing animals of the Province is the work of a 
comparatively small number of utterly unscrupulous and lawless indi- 
viduals, for the most part well known in the districts in which they 
operate, and especially so in the more sparsely settled regions. These 
persons often terrorize the community to such an extent that informa- 
tion as to their depredations is difficult to obtain ; and to expect officers, 
paid the paltry sums at present given as wages to a large number of 
the officials of the outside service, to run the risk of bodily injury at 
the hands of these persons, is ridiculous. That open threats have been 
made, and are being made, by individuals in regard to what they will 
do if any attempt is made to interfere with their actions is well known; 
and your Commissioner would recall the fact that, even within the 
sound of the bells of the City Hall of Toronto, and but three or four 
years ago, shots were fired at an officer who was attempting to carry 
out his duty in stopping illegal fishing in Toronto Bay. 

Mr. Oliver Adams, Vice-President of the Headquarters of the 
Ontario Forest, Fish and Game Protective Association, who has done 
so much in awakening public interest in fish and game protection 
throughout the Province, and who took an active part in arousing the 
citizens of Gananoque and vicinity to the importance of the protection 
of game fish in the St. Lawrence River, became a martyr to the cause 
he espoused. When he commenced building operations on a fine resi- 
dence on an island near Gananoque he was warned by many citizens 
that he would probably have his house burned by the lawless element. 
This warning proved to be no vain one, as shortly after he vacated his 
summer home last year it was burned to the ground, clearly by incen- 
diaries; and, so far, the perpetrators of this outrage have not been 
brought to justice. The late Colonel Cautley, who expended a large 
sum of money in erecting buildings, etc., for a summer resort on Minni- 
coganashene Island, in Georgian Bay, in conversation with your Com- 
missioner, stated that he had often seen illegal nets placed right across 
the channel near his island as soon as the Government patrol boat had 
passed, but that he dared not give any information, as he felt that, if 
he did so, his property would be burned down in the winter. 

Many other instances, bearing out the same contention, have been 
brought to your Commissioner's attention during the tenure of his Com- 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 317 

missiou ; but in each instimce the information so given was on the con- 
dition tiiat the informant's name should not be published, for fear of 
what would happen to himself or property at the hands of certain law- 
less persons in his district. 

Your Commissioner believes that the number of persons capable of 
such outrages is very small, and that the general mass of the public is 
in no way in sympathy with them and would support the authorities 
acting with energy and determination in enforcing the law and estab- 
lishing security of life and property. 

The present iSshery regulations provide that a licensed net fisher- 
man who is convicted of a violation of the law shall have his license 
cancelled, and that he cannot receive another for two years. The exten- 
sion of this principle in cases of glaring oifences against the fishery 
regulations or game laws would seem most excellent and advisable. 

In regard to the present system, whereby wardens are paid a per- 
centage of the angling licenses which they collect, the inducement of 
personal gain, in certain cases, would appear to influence the officer to 
devote most of his time to this work, to the detriment of other, at least 
equally, important duties. At the same time, without some such induce- 
ment, the collection of the angling tax would in all probability not be 
effectively carried out. As it is, chiefly owing to the fact that the 
license system is of comparatively recent institution, and the machinery 
of collection, therefore, not yet in thorough working order, many persons 
escape the payment of the fee. The advantages and disadvantages of 
the present system are so nearly equal that the only solution would 
appear to lie in the broadening of the authority entitled to issue licenses 
and collect the percentage. 

In his full report your Commissioner will submit a comprehensive 
scheme, dealing with the numbers of the wardens that he will recom- 
mend, the districts they should cover, and the duties they should per- 
form in the summer and in the winter. 

Meanwhile he would most strongly urge upon Your Honour that: 

1. No officer of the outside service of the Department of Game and 
Fisheries be employed on a salary less than sufficient to maintain him- 
self upon it. 

2. No officer, employed by the Department of Game and Fisheries 
on its outside service, be allowed to carry on other work, or engage in 
any other commercial or business enterprise while so employed, except 
in cases where such officer is in the employ of, and paid by, some cor- 
poration or association, and only commissioned by the Government. 

3. The commissions of all officers of the outside service of the 
Department of Game and Fisheries who are receiving less than $500.00 
per annum, or a pro rata amount for temporary services, be cancelled 
as rapidly as it is possible to reorganize the Outside Service, in accor- 
dance with the principle of fewer and better paid officials. 

4. No officer be in future engaged or employed by the Department 
of Game and Fisheries on its outside service who cannot furnish satis- 



318 ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 

factory proof of such knowledge and experience, and be of such 
physique and good character, as to render him likely to prove of 
value to the particular branch of the service into which he is placed. 
5. The number of persons authorized to sell non-resident anglers 
I'icenses or hunting permits be increased sufficiently to ensure these 
licenses and permits being very easily procurable. 



ADMINISTRATION. 

While it is possible to improve in detail the present game laws and 
fishery "regulations, they are in the main fairly satisfactory, but it is 
in the machinery of enforcement that the principal fault lies. The 
general system of the organization of the Department has been passed 
down by the previous to the present administration. Improvements 
have been made, and very much greater energy shown by the officers, 
within the last few years, but the existing method of appointment of 
officers of the outside service, as has already been set forth, is radically 
wrong. Until this system is swept away the Department, in the opin- 
ion of your Commissioner, will never reach the point of efficiency desir- 
able for the general welfare of the Province. 

The necessity for the protection of fish and game was, of course, 
felt in the much more thickly populated Republic to the south of us 
long before it was felt here. In seeking for a solution to the problem 
of efficient administration your Commissioner has given close study to 
the evolution of fish and game protection in the United States, and to 
the results that have followed upon the various experiments which 
have been made in this direction by the different states. It would be 
out of place to attempt anything approaching a history of this evolu- 
tion in a report of this nature, but, seeing that the majority of the states 
starting on different lines, and working under different conditions, 
both climatic and temperamental, have converged to and arrived at a 
fundamentally identical system of administration for the conservation 
and development of their resources in fish and game, a short account 
of the Commission and Warden system is herewith submitted. 

The offices of game commissioner and state game warden of the 
present day are not the outcome of spontaneous growth, but the out- 
come of numerous experiments and modifications necessitated by the 
growing importance of the subject of preserving game. Originally 
game protection was left to sheriffs and other local officers, and later, 
after the appointment of fish wardens, was included incidentally among 
the duties of that office. The development of the office of state game 
warden from that of fish warden occupied nearly half a century, and 
was marked by various experimental steps. Maine was the first state 
to appoint an officer to protect fish, doing so in 1843, and in 1852 Maine 
again led the way by appointing special officers to act as moose war- 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 319 

dens in a number of the counties of the state. In 1858 the example of 
Maine was followed by New Hampshire, and in 1865 the first fish com- 
tTiission came into existence in that state, Massachusetts following its 
f^xample the same year, and Connecticut and Vermont two years later. 

In Maine the game laws were gradually extended to include game 
birds as well as big game, and in 1878 the duties of the warden were 
extended under the new title of County Moose and Game Warden. In 
this same year the Fish Commission of New Hampshire was reorgan- 
ized as a Board of Fish and Game Commissioners. 

In 1887 Minnesota established the office of State Game Warden, 
and in 1888 New York that of Chief Game and Fish Protector. 

It is not proposed to trace in detail the evolution of the powers or 
duties of fish and game commissions and wardens, but it is evidence 
of the superiority of this plan that to-day no less than forty states 
liave adopted it. 

There has been, and still is, much diversity of opinion as to the 
advantage of a single officer over a board. Minnesota at one time 
entrusted the work to a single officer, the State Game Warden, under 
the Act of 1887, but four years later established the present system of 
a Board of Game and Fish Commissioners. Montana, on the other 
hand, in 1895 established a Board of Game and Fish Commissioners, 
but three years later replaced it by a State Game and Fish Warden. 
New York has tried both plans, but has now placed the work in the 
hands of a single commissioner. This gentleman. Commissioner James 
S. Whipple, discussing this question at the convention of the New York 
State Forest, Fish and Game League, made use of the following words: 

'' In my opinion no commission of five could succeed. No member 
of it is vitally concerned with success. Each anxiously tries to shift 
the burden of difficult or intricate questions to the other, and so each 
seeks to escape responsibility. What we need is one man, one commis- 
sioner, as is now the case. That man cannot escape responsibility. He 
must face each and every question. He knows that he must make good 
or go under." 

At the present time one territory and fourteen states commit the 
administration of their game laws to commissions, whose membership 
ranges from three to six. As evidence of the desire to keep these com- 
missions non-political it may be mentioned that in Ohio not more than 
three of the five members, and in New Jersey not more than 
two of the four members may belong to the same political party, and 
Pennsylvania prohibits the appointment of any two of the six commis- 
sioners from the same senatorial district. As a precaution against the 
retirement of all the members at the same time, Ohio, in the Act creat- 
ing the commission, provided that one should be appointed for one 
year, another for two years, another for three, and so on, and that at 
the expiration of their respective terms the successor should be appoint- 
ee for five years. By this means there is always a quorum familiar 



320 ROD AXD GUX IX CAXADA 

with the duties of the Board, and the greatest efficiency is assured. 
Pennsylvania has adopted a similar plan. The terms of service of the 
commissioners vary from two years in Arizona and Connecticut to five 
years in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey and Ohio. 

Twenty-three states and territories provide for a single official 
to direct the affairs of their game department, the title of the office 
varying somewhat with each state. In Tennessee the office of State 
Warden is a cabinet position, the Department of Game, Fish and 
Forestry having been made one of the departments of state government; 
and the same applies to the office of Fish Commissioner in Pennsyl- 
vania, In every state, with the exception of Alabama, where the war- 
den is elected by the people, the officer is appointed by the Governor, 
and with few exceptions confirmed by the Senate. The term of office 
varies from two to eight years. 

It will be seen, therefore, that the result of experience in the United 
States is in the direction of creating an office for the control of the 
fisheries and game removed as far as possible from the influence of 
party political considerations. 

It may be argued that the creation of some such independent 
authority in connection with this branch of the public service has 
already been tried in Ontario, as, following the recommendations of 
the Royal Commission of 1S92, a permanent Game Commission was 
appointed, and remained in force until it was disbanded by the new 
Game Act. This permanent commission was designed to act princi- 
pally in an advisory capacity. Its membership was large, its mem- 
bers scattered throughout the Province, and its chairman deeply 
immersed in other occupations, so that its usefulness was much 
impaired, and it did not constitute a fair test of the commission sys- 
tem. 

The several principal recommendations to follow in this interim 
report contain in themselves powerful and additional reasons for the 
adoption of such a course, and your Commissioner would, therefore, 
strongly urge upon Your Honour the advisability of placing the 
Department of Game and Fisheries under the control of a small, work- 
ing commission, somewhat after the model of the Temiskaming and 
Northern Ontario Railway Commission, but with its membership 
reduced to the smallest possible number, and, while this interim report 
will be found to contain recommendations for an increased expendi- 
ture of public moneys by the Department of Game and Fisheries, 
especially in the establishment of provincial fish hatcheries, an ade- 
quate equipment for the patrol service, and higher salaries for war- 
dens, your Commissioner would not recommend these expenditures or 
improvements unless his recommendation of placing the Department 
of Game and Fisheries under a commission is acted upon by your Gov- 
ernment, for the reason that the present system has not produced the 
most efficient subordinate officers, nor is it calculated to do so in the 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 321 

future, and, failing a supply of thoroughly efficient subordinate offi- 
cers being assured, he considers the moneys involved in the proposed 
recommendations would be, in all probability, spent in vain. 



THE COMMEKCIAL FISHERIES. 

Until the promulgation of the uniform Fishery Regulations, 
under the treaty between Great Britain and the United States, for 
the control of international waters, it would be futile for your Com- 
missioner to report on this section of the enquiry entrusted to him 
under the instructions accompanying his commission, but in view of 
misleading statements which have appeared from time to time in the 
public press as to the depletion of our Great Lake fisheries not being 
as serious as alleged, he desires to draw to Your Honour's attention 
the following facts in regard to the decrease in the numbers of our finest 
comjnercial fish, namely, the whiteflsh. The documents consulted 
include : 

The Federal Government Eoyal Commission's Report on the Fish- 
eries of Ontario of 1893-4; The Ontario Government Royal Commis- 
sion's Report on Game and Fish of 1892; The Reports of the Depart- 
ment of Marine and Fisheries of the Dominion Government; The 
Reports of the Department of Game and Fisheries of the Ontario 
Government. 

In examining the tabulated returns of the fisheries of the Prov- 
ince of Ontario it will be noted that the methods of compilation observed 
have been somewhat changed from time to time. The earlier reports 
were so arranged as to render a comparison of the weight of fishes, 
caught in different years, more easy than the present system, which, 
while making a comparison of the values in money simple, renders it 
impossible to get the differences in the Aveights of the catch of the dif- 
ferent fishes without some considerable labour. 

Below is given a comparative table, calculated from the Blue Book 
of the Department of Marine and Fisheries at Ottawa, of 1873, and 
the report of the Department of Game and Fisheries for Ontario, of 
1907: 

TOTAL CATCH OF WHITEPISH IN THE GREAT LAKE SYSTEM ALONE. 
Year 1873. Yeir 19 j7. Decrease. Per cent, of 

4,851.872 lbs. 2,499,870 lbs. 2,352,002 lbs. 48 ' 

The quantities of whitefish, however, in Lakes Erie and Ontario 
especially, and also in the upper lakes, were vastly greater some years 
])revious to 1873 than in that year, according to the sworn testimony 
of many commercial fishermen, given before the Dominion Fisheries 
Commission of 1893, as the following quotations prove beyond shadow 
of doubt. 



322 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Mr. Albert Hutcliins, commercial fisherman since 1850, under oath 
stated : 

" I have fished in Lake Ontario about thirty years for whitefish 
and trout; the great majority were whitefish, and were caught at Wel- 
lington Beach. They were caught very numerously with seines, as 
many as 5,000 to 10,000 in one haul during the night; this was in Ihe 
summer time, in July and June. These were salted or sold on the 
ground to dealers. I have caught as many in a season as would allow 
the owners of the seine for their share about $2,000, the other $2,000 
would go to the fishermen. Even more than this number were caught 
sometimes. Fishing was carried on in the fall of the year also. White- 
fish were thick also everywhere in Lake Ontario at that time. I have 
known as many as 90,000 to be taken in one haul in one night. I was 
present and saw them counted. I have often known from 5,000 to 
10,000, being taken, and have taken 40,000 myself in a seine several 
times. This was in July, at Wellington Beach. Those that were 
saved of the 90,000 hauled were salted; many of these were lost 
because they could not be taken care of. There was another haul as 
large as this taken at West Lake Beach. The net was a 175-rod seine. 
Canadian side of the river, of which some were better and some worse 
fourteen years ago there was no whitefish to be had by the fishermen 
where these great hauls had been made before; in fact, the whitefish 
fishery had ceased to exist. There was no more of it. I left Lake 
Ontario to fish here, and a number of other fishermen left there for the 
same cause." 

Mr. John Lang, fisherman and fishdealer, testifying as to the fish- 
eries in Lake Huron about Kettle Point, stated: 

"Whitefish were very plentiful in former years; as many as forty 
or fifty barrels in one haul, say five thousand fish, was an ordinary 
catch. These fish have fallen off very greatly." 

Noah Jolie, a fisherman of forty years' experience, stated that 
about eighteen years before (1874) he had had two fishing grounds 
on the Detroit River, and that both grounds produced about 70,00rr 
fish, or an average of about 20,000 per net. At that time, as far as he 
could remember, there were some fifteen or twenty grounds on the 
Canadian side of the river, of which some were better and some worse 
than his. He gave up fishing about thirteen years before (lS7rM 
because fish became so scarce that it no longer paid him to continue 
in the business. 

James A. Smith, shipwright and boatbuilder, but formerly for 
thirty-five years a fisherman and fishdealer, stated: 

"Whitefish were so plentiful in Lake Ontario that with one seint^ - - 
I owned half of it and it was a fifty-rod seine, too — we put up in one 
month 180 barrels for our net's share. The other men, eight in num- 
ber, would get the equivalent to 180 barrels amongst them; this was 
in the month of June, in 1869 or 1870. and was on Consecon Beach. 



OXTARiO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 323 

There were other seines fishing also, but probably not so large in 
I'Xtent as ours. The same yadv, in November, the fish were very num- 
erous, and all larger fish than usual, weighing about two and three- 
•juarter pounds; as many as we could barrel we caught and salted, but 
n great many besides were lost, \yhitefish were so numerous thai 
tlie^' were hauled away for manure for use upon farms. The whitefish 
were so plentiful that in hauling the seines they could not pull them 
in on shore; they had simply to dip out what they wanted of the fish 
with small nets, and let the rest go. The fish were miraculously num- 
erous, but when I left Lake Ontario some fifteen years ago (1878) 
whitefish were almost exterminated. Four thousand whitefish were 
many times taken in a haul in one night; salmon trout and whitefish 
in Lake Ontario were vastly more numerous than they ever have been 
in the Georgian Bay." 

The Royal Commission appointed by Your Honour's predecessor 
in office in 1892, reported in no uncertain terms on the depletion of 
the fisheries, as the following quotation will show: 

P. 194. *'The extent to which netting is carried on is also incon- 
ceivable, and the spawning grounds are stripped year aftei year, 
until in many places where fish abounded formerly in large numbers 
there is no yield now at all." 

With these figures and evidence it is unnecessary to seek further 
Cor proof that the whitefish in Lakes Erie and Ontario existed, within 
the memory of men still living, in numbers so immense as to be hardly 
credible to the younger generations of to-day, and that the present 
deplorable condition, as compared with the past, of the fisheries of 
the Great Lakes has not been brought about by unpreventable causes. 
"NA'hat these causes were, how it would be possible to change or ameli- 
orate them, and what steps should be taken to make the fisheries of 
the Great Lakes once again produce a splendid cheap food for the 
masses of the people, will be taken up in your Commissioner's final 
ri'port, after the promulgation of the regulations governing interna 
tional waters, under the treaty between Great Britain and the United 
States. 

Besides the quotation already mentioned, from the Eoyal Com- 
uiission's Eeport of 1892 (Ontario), calling attention to the deple- 
tion of the waters, your Commissioner would also draw to Your 
Honour's attention a recommendation of that Commission as to restric- 
tions in the use of nets, which reads as follows: 

" Y^'our Commissioners are of the opinion that pound nets should 
be entirely abolished in the waters of the Province, and that no gill 
netting should be allowed except by special permission from the Game 
and Fish Commissioners.'* 

The quantities of fish can hardly be said to have increased since 
:1892, and your Commissioner is of the opinion that greater need of 



324 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

restriction exists now than when the recommendations of the Royal 
Commission referred to were made and ignored. 

The action of your Government in not allowing netting in Lake 
Nipissing and the Thames River has resulted in much good, and your 
Commissioner would strongly urge the policy being continued, and 
that netting in inland waters be still further restricted. 



EQUIPMENT FOR THE FISHERY PROTECTIVE SERVICE. 

Your Commissioner has had the opportunity of inspecting a num- 
ber of the boats employed by the Department of Game and Fisheries 
on protective duties, and found that none of them met all the require- 
ments of the work they were expected to perform. They are of widely 
different speeds and builds. One of them, indeed, the Edna Ivan, 
employed under charter by the Government, is so utterly unsuited Lo 
protective service work that she should on no account be further char- 
tered by the Government for this purpose. Among the smaller patrol 
craft a very wide divergence exists in regard to size, speed and other 
qualifications, some of them, in fact, having been constructed by ama- 
teurs possessing little or no previous experience in boatbuilding. The 
fishery regulations on the Statute Books bear witness to the recogni- 
tion by the authorities of the importance of the fisheries, both on -the 
Great Lakes and the inland waters, to the general welfare of the com- 
munity, and it is therefore manifestly the duty of the authorities to 
provide an adequate equipment to ensure the proper enforcement of 
the regulations governing the fisheries. 

It is an accepted axiom, applicable to all great enterprises, that 
the truest economy lies in the perfection of machinery. Makeshifts^ 
while providing a convenient subterfuge for escaping present expense, 
but add to the weight of the ultimate and inevitable bill, while at the 
same time striking dangerously close to the roots of present efl&ciency. 

That which applies to the daily life of all commercial enterprises 
is equally true of great governmental undertakings, and, as the fishery 
regulations have been framed for the purpose of conserving a great 
source of public wealth, the more perfect the machinery which hai^ 
to enforce those regulations, the more true will be the economy of the 
government policy, and the more profitable and stable its results. 
One of the most important factors in the machinery of enforcement 
is equipment, for without adequate equipment the most perfect offi- 
cers find themselves at a hopeless disadvantage, and their most strenu- 
ous efforts are likely to be nullified. 

In examining into the question of a suitable equipment for the 
enforcement of the fishery regulations, it becomes at once apparent 
that the natural conditions prevailing must exercise a predominant 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 325 

influence on the selection of the same, and a brief study of these will 
reveal the fact that they can be classified under three main headings: 

A. The outer and most exposed portions of the Great Lakes, and 
places where large tugs and fishing boats operate, 

B. The inner, shallower and partially sheltered waters of the 
Great Lakes and Georgian Bay. 

C. The waters of the lesser inland lakes and rivers. 

Undoubtedly an adequate protection of our commercial fisheries 
demands protective cruisers of some size on Lakes Huron and Superior, 
as well as the Vigilant on Lake Erie. This tacitly seems to be the 
admitted duty of the Dominion Government, and should cause no dif- 
ficulty if operated in conjunction with the new naval policy as a train- 
ing school for seamen, but, as this Class A type of boat would seem 
to be outside the scope of the provincial equipment, your Commissioner 
will not further refer to it. 

As regards the classes of boats to meet the conditions of B and C, 
it is plain that the type of boat that could live, if caught out in the 
storms of Lake Superior or the Georgian Bay, would not be the mosi 
suitable craft for the intricate channels of the Rideau Lake system, 
while the boat that could fearlessly navigate these same channels 
would be unable to face the rough seas of the Great Lakes. To be 
efficient, the Government officers must be able to be out in all weathers 
when other craft are on the waters, and likewise able to penetrate the 
shallowest bays and channels where illegal operations can be carried 
on. Hence the main factor for the boats of Class B is seaworthiness 
(with as light draught as consistent therewith), for those of Class C, 
draught. 

The next main consideration in the selection of a suitable equip 
ment is the nature of the duties to be performed by the officers. To 
one may be assigned as his principal duty the supervision of the 
licenses, nets and operations of commercial fishermen scattered over 
a great extent of sparsely settled territory, and involving, more or less 
frequently, the passage of rough or dangerous waters; to the next 
may fall the task of collecting the license fee from foreign angler- 
tourists throughout a popular lake and river district, supervising! the 
anglers' catch of fish, while keeping an eye on the narrow channels 
and creeks of his territory to see that no illegal netting is carried on 
therein. In cases such as the first, owing to the size of the craft neces- 
sary to carry on the work, to secure liis safety in storms and rough 
weather, and to more efficiently dicharge his duties, the officer will 
have to be given assistance. In cases such as the second the officer can, 
as a general rule, handle the work alone. Hence it will be seen that 
the boats of Class B would be required to carry a regular crew of two 
or more, and those of Class C only one. 

The third main consideration is speed. The officer should be able 
not only to move freely about in his district, but also to cover a con- 



326 ROD AND GUX IN CANADA 

sideiable extent of territory daily. Where the appearance of an officer 
in any particular locality occurs at regular and well-known inter- 
vals, or where, on his appearance, those engaged in illegal operations 
can upsail and make good their escape without trouble, the useful- 
ness of the officer cannot but be greviously impaired. At the same 
time it would be impossible for the Government to provide boats for 
its general service from which the speed freaks of an occasional illegally 
engaged tourist-angler could not escape if so desired. It would 
appear, therefore, that the speed should be so adjusted as to enable 
the officers to cover their territory with reasonable frequency, to give 
them sufficient freedom of movement to prevent their comings and 
goings being anticipated and discounted by malefactors, and to enable 
them to manoeuvre, on at least an equality of speed, with the average 
craft with which they have to deal, while at the same time reducing 
the fuel consumption to an economic minimum. 

Great strides have been made of recent years in the construction 
of all manner of craft, but in no type has the advance been more 
marked than in that suitable for the waters of this Province. The 
introduction of gasoline has revolutionized the relation of size to 
speed, while decreasing the cost both of construction and mainte- 
nance. Some prejudice exists in certain quarters against the use of 
gasoline as a motive power for boats, but this prejudice is not well 
founded on fact. There are now in existence thousands of gasoline 
boats of all classes and descriptions, from the sea-going cruisers, which 
have voyaged to Bermuda and back, to the commercial fisherman's 
smack with its auxiliary gasoline engine. On the Avaters of the south, 
about Florida, there are a multitude of houseboat cruisers and yachts 
driven by gasoline; on the inland waters of this continent, and in fciCt 
on inland waters throughout the civilized world, their name is legion, 
so that, in spite of a few serious accidents, it is correct and, safe to 
declare that the ratio of accidents occurring with gasoline engines 
to-day is no higher than that with steam engines. Where the engines 
are handled by competent men investigation proves them to be 
efficient, serviceable and economical, and the prejudice against them, 
as likewise the troubles experienced by some persons with them, are 
directly attributable to men without sufficient training being placed 
in charge of the engine. To confide any engine to an inexperienced 
man is to invite trouble, if not actual disaster, and this is equally true 
of those whose motive power is steam or gasoline, though not so often 
attempted with the former as with the latter. In regard to cleanli- 
ness and comfort there can be no comparison between the steam and 
gasoline engine for use on comparatively small boats, as with the lat- 
ter not only are coal dust and ashes avoided, but, properly handled, 
tlicjc is little or no smell attached to them, while, in the matter of 
available space, the saving secured by the installation of the small 
gasoline engine instead of the more cumbersome steam engine must 
be obvious to the veriest tyro. 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 327 

After mature consideration of the whole situation, your Commis- 
sioner has come to the conclusion that, in the interests of both ulti- 
mate economy and present and permanent efficiency, the time has 
come to discard the present haphazard and unsatisfactory system of 
chartering or acquiring boats for the Fishery Protective Service, pos- 
sessed of only a few of the essential requirements, and for the estab- 
lishment by the Province of a tleet of boats designed especially for the 
work they are required to perform. With this in view, and taking 
advantage of the experience and knowledge of some of the officers 
of the outside service of the Department, he has drawn up a 
schedule of requirements for the types of craft that appear to him to 
be indispensable for the efficient execution of the Government service^ 
and has had the same submitted to a leading marine architect, through a 
prominent Toronto boatbuilding and engineering firm, with the resu't 
that, attached to this report will be found designs of such craft. As 
the schedule of requirements submitted to the designer contains con- 
cisely your Commissioner's views on this subject, he has embodied it 
in the report and in so doing would call attention to the fact that the 
greatest possible economy, consistent with efficiency, was his chief est 
consideration, that ventilation and sanitation have been provided for, 
and that the comfort of the crew, who in the larger boats will be 
expected to live on board continuously, and in the smaller boats may 
have to do so occasionally, as well as that of the inspectors and other 
Government officials who have to make use of these boats on their 
various duties, has been most carefully borne in mind. 

Schedule of Requirements for Fleet of Small Cruisers for the 
Fishery Protective Service of the Province of Ontario, 
Prepared by Your Commissioner, and on Which the 
Designs Herewith Submitted Are Based. 

There are two classes of boats necessary for the patrol of certain 
inland waters of the Province of Ontario, and of portions of the 
Great Lakes. 

Class B. Boats suitable for portions of the Great Lakes, and for 
inspectional purposes elsewhere. 

Class C. Boats suitable for the inland waters of the Province, such 
as Lake Simcoe, the Kiawartha Lakes, the Kideau Lake System, Lake 
Nipissing, etc., and possibly certain portions of the intricate inner 
channels and bays of the Georgian Bay. 

In the construction of both types of boat the greatest economy 
must be observed as far as the interior fittings and appearance are 
concerned. 

Class B. Six of these boats at least may be required for the 
waters of the Georgian Bay and portions of Lakes Superior and 
Huron with the following requirements: 




TT 



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-f- 



I -i- 



i-^ty 









Ij 






ONTARIO GA.ME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION [Vld 

1. Speed. Eleveu miles iiu hour imder ordinary service coiuli- 
tions. 

2. Seaivorthiness. The lines must be easy, and designed to pro- 
duce an unusually good sea boat, as, while it is not aimed that they 
will be patrolling for the most part in the outer waters, but rather 
that they will be cruising among the islands and in the inner waters, 
at the same time going from place to place, crossing gaps, etc., they 
may be called upon to encounter heavy seas. 

3. Crew and Accommodation. A permanent crew of three men, 
all protective officers, but taking the duties of captain, gasoline engi- 
neer and cook. It is desired to give the gasoline engineer and cook 
comfortable berths, and to have the captain, if possible, in a state- 
room, either separated by curtains or preferably by a light partition. 
£t is necessary that there should also be a small stateroom, contain 
ing a berth, to be used occasionally by the inspectors, the Deputy 
Head of the Department or other Government officials, and this room 
to be used by the captain for his charts, office, etc., and also as a nicss 
room. As these boats will be in commission from the opening of navi- 
gation until the close of the same, and it is designed that they be kepi 
away from their home ports as much as possible, simple, plain com- 
fort for the crew is required. A gasoline stove should be large enough 
to have a small oven; locker room should be reasonable; w. c. and a 
good large wash basin provided; the cockpit accommodation cut dov%'n 
to the very smallest point, as the boat is in no sense a pleasure boat, 
and besides this, the smaller the better in case of shipping heavy seas, 
and should be, of course, self-bailing; the cabinhouse above the deck 
should be strong and capable of standing heavy seas, the same apply- 
ing to any deadlights or glass windows, for which emergency storm 
■coverings should be provided; the icebox should be part of the refrig- 
erator and should be filled from the outside, and it would be well to 
provide for some form of ice-water filter near the refrigerator ; good venti- 
lation must be provided, especially for the galley and washroom, and 
the designer should bear in mind that in some of the inner channels 
the heat in summer may be excessive. The bow should not be straight 
stem, but with an easy curve under the forefoot. It must be borne in 
mind that these boats will occasionally have their bows pulled up on 
fiat rocks. 

4. Draught. The draught should be as light as possible consistent 
with sea-going qualities, but should not exceed three feet. 

5. Dinghy. The vessel should be planned to take on board a small 
boat or dinghy, when necessary on account of heavy weather, but as 
a rule the same would be towed. Davits not desirable, and it Avould 
be better, if possible, to provide some form of cradle on top of the 
cabinhouse. The dinghy should be light, but capable of holding three 
persons, and will be used to lift illegally placed nets, etc. The designer 




■^ 



* 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION :3;3l 

should, therefore, furnish lines for these dinghies, taking especial care 
to provide a good towing boat, which at the same time will fill the other 
requirements mentioned. 

6. Measurements. The designer should bear in mind that these 
small protective vessels are in no sense pleasure craft, and that, while 
be is not bound down to length or beam, it is desirable that the ves- 
sel should be as small as possible commensurate with the require- 
ments outlined, with no eje to show or display', but with the principal 
considerations, plain comfort for the class of men indicated, seawor- 
thiness and efficiency. From the inspection of other designs it appears 
to me that 45 feet should be amply sufficient, and I hope the designer 
may get under this length. 

Class C. The type of boat required for this class is more of tlie Imnt- 
ing launch variety. It is not intended that the men running these boats 
should be out over night, but at the same time occasionally it may be 
necessary for them to be so. 

1. Speed. The speed of these boats under ordinary service coiifli- 
tions should be ten miles an hour. 

2. Creic. Tlie now woi^ld co-is-'st of oT)p. or possiblv two on occas- 
ions. The steering gear, therefore, and engine control should be be- 
side each other. 

3. Accommodation. As these boats will be in commission from the 
early spring to the late fall, and as occasionally the officers must sleep 
on board, enough covering should be provided to give two bunks, a 
very small gasoline stove, a very small refrigerator, and some form ol 
hatch or doorway. 

4. Draught. The lighter the draught the better for this class .)f 
boat. 

As in Class B, these boats are in no sense pleasure craft. They 
should be strong and serviceable, and built with an eye to the greatest 
economy. They will not tow^ a dinghy, and must be small enough to 
manoeuvre for the picking up of nets, etc. The forefoot should be cut 
away and w^ell shod, as they will be pulled up on the shore from tiuie 
to time. 



The views of your Commissioner have been most successfully 
grasped by the designer, and are clearly set forth in the accompany- 
ing blue prints. 

The estimated cost of the Class A type of boat is about |4,300.00, 
and that of the Class C type, "11,850.00, which includes furnishings rf 
all descriptions, sanitary mattresses, ventilators, engines and installa- 
tion of same, cooking utensils, bedding, cutlery, etc. As regards the 
type of engine for the Class B boat the following is an extract from 
the letter of the expert who made the designs for the boats: 

" As to the engine power necessary for the Class B boat, it 
would take about a 4-cylinder, 4-cycle engine of at least 30-horsepower 



332 ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 

to ^('t the speed, and a 40-liorsepower would be preferred. I would 
hesitate to guarantee eleven miles with any lesser power than the 
above with so heavy a boat, as, by my figures, a boat of this size and 
displacement, about 16,000 pounds, would go at the most 11.05 miles 
Btatute with a 24-horsepower engine, but this is too small a margin 
to give any guarantee on. I would prefer to place a SO-horscpower, 
which would give ample power and would last longer, because it could 
be run slower. Using this engine, a speed of 12.20 miles would be 
realized." 

With regard to Class C boats, a Toronto firm of boat and engine 
builders writes: 

" With regard to the 25-foot boat, we believe a 2-cylinder, 15- 
horsei)ower of our own make would give the full ten miles an hour,, 
and we will guarantee this engine to stand up under the most exact- 
ing strain and under all conditions. Perhaps it would be well to men- 
tion the fact that with our muffler, and under water exhaust, this outfit 
will be absolutely noiseless, and, if used at night, the protective offi- 
cers can approach to within a very few yards of poachers, etc., without 
being heard. It appears to us that this ought to be quite a feature for 
this particular service.'" 

In recommending these types of boats for the Fisheries Protective 
Service your Commissioner only does so with the proviso that the engi- 
neers of the larger class, and the officers in charge of the smaller crafty 
shall hold certificates of proficicr/cy from a reliable firm of gasoline 
engine manufacturers, and that no inexperienced or untrained man 
shall be allowed to handle them. This would, of course, entail some of 
the men having to pass some weeks in the shops, but the advantages 
accruing in immunity from breakdowns and general care of the 
engines, would more than compensate in the long run for any slight 
expense or inconvenience incurred, and the adoption of such regula- 
tion would be in the interests of true economy. 

In this interim report your Commissioner does not deal with what, 
in his opinion, should be the full equipment for the Province of boats 
of tlie types indicated. He has, however, selected an area, Georgian 
Bay and portions of Lake Superior and Lake Huron, as one which he 
considers to be urgently in need of an improved Fishery Protective 
Service. 

He would recommend to Your Honour that six (6) boats of the 
Class B type be acquired by the Province and be stationed on the area 
above mentioned, with the following apportionment of patrol districts: 

1. The easterly portions of Lake Superior to St. Joseph's Island. 

2. From St. Joseph's Island to the west end of Georgian Bay about 
Killarney, taking both sides of ;Manitoulin and the Ducks. 

3. Killarney to Point au Baril. 

4. Point au Baril. taking in the rest of Georgian Bay, down to- 
Penetancniishene. 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 333 

5. Penetangiiishene to Tobermory, including Cove Island and sur- 
rounding islands. 

6. Tobermory down to Goderich. 

For these boats he recommends a crew of three, all of whom should 
be appointed deputy overseers, to consist of: 

A captain, who should have a thorough knowledge of the waters m 
which he is to cruise, previous experience as a professional mariner and, 
if possible, in the handling of small boats, and be used to taking com- 
mand. 

An engineer, who shall have a certificate of proficiency from a reli- 
able firm of gasoline engine manufacturers. 

A cook who shall have had reasonable experience as such, be pre- 
pared to act as general utility man, and at the same time be experienced 
in the handling of oars, and of sufficient intelligence to undertake, when 
necessary, the duties of his office as deputy overseer. 

All three men must possess the attribute of personal fearlessness, 
and be prepared to discharge their duties conscientiously in the face of 
inclement weather or other personal risk, besides such qualifications as 
the dignity and exigencies of their office demands, such as physical fit- 
ness, tact, and a certain amount of education. 

In regard to salaries, your Commissioner would recommend that the 
captain be paid |60.00, the engineer |55.00, and the cook |45.00 per 
mensem, in addition to receiving board whilst the boat is on actual ser- 
vice and away from the home port, and at these figures he is confident 
that no difficulty would be experienced in obtaining the services of 
really competent and suitable men. 

The initial cost, therefore, to the Government of this recommenda 
tion will be approximately |27,000.00. 

The cost of maintenance, assuming that the captain is a permanent 
official, and employed during the close of navigation on other protective 
duties inland, and that the engineer and cook are employed only during 
the seven months that the boats are in commission, will be approxi- 
mately : 

Salaryof Captain $720 00 $4,320 00 

Salaries, Engineer and Cook (7 months) 700 00 4 ,200 00 

Board, 3 men for 30 weeks, $10. 50 per week ...... 315 00 1 ,890 00 

Gasoline, oil and accessories, allowing 5 hours' run 

per diem, 6 days per week, for 30 weeks , . . 500 00 3 , 000 00 

Minor repairs, say 100 00 600 00 

Totals $2,335 00 $14,010 00 

It must be understood, however, that this sum is not an increase 
over and above existing expenditures, for the salaries of all the fishery 
overseers for this district, the wages of the help assigned to them in 
certain instances, their board while absent on patrol, their mileage 
allowance, the hire and repairs to their craft, etc., must all be set 
against it. Disbursements of this nature for the districts in question. 



334 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

according to returns already presented to the House, would appear to 
amount approximately to §13,000.00. 

As regards the class C type of boat, your Commissioner's full report 
will contain a recommendation as to the numbers of these boats required 
by the- Province and the districts that should be assigned to them. Pend- 
ing the submission of this report, he would recommend that no other 
type of boat should be acquired by the Government for use on the inland 
waters of the Province, and that a few of them should be at once ordered 
and put in commission as soon as possible for service on the waters of 
the Kideau Lake System, the Kiawartha Lakes, Lake Nipissing, Lake 
Simcoe, etc. He would, however, reiterate that no boat of this type 
should be handed over to a warden or overseer until such warden or over- 
seer has procured a certificate of proficiency in the working of the engine, 
])refcrably from the firm installing and guaranteeing same. 

Fisn Hatcheries. 

In dealing with this question it is taken as an axiom that it is the 
duty of the state to conserve for the people, and if possible improve, 
sources of food supply, and that the importance of an abundant supply 
of fish food ranks second to none. 

Ontario has been endowed with exceptional advantages for obtain- 
ing a liberal supply of fish food, owing to its position on the Great Lakes, 
the magnificent lakes scattered throughout its interior, and its numer- 
ous rivers and streams; but, owing to many causes, chief of which may 
be said to be forest destruction, pollution, and over-fishing, and the fact 
that the commercial fishing is practically controlled by a foreign cor- 
poration, not only are the people of Ontario deprived to-day of an abun- 
dant supply of cheap fish food, but what is far more serious, the fish 
food supply of the future is seriously threatened, unless immediate steps 
are taken to counteract existing conditions. When the rapidly-mcreus- 
ing population is taken into consideration, and the fact that most of these 
people come from countries where they have been accustomed to rely on 
cheap fish as one of their principal foods, the importance of the question 
to the future welfare of the community can be realized. 

In this regard it will not be out of place to quote a passage from 
the report of the Commissioners of Fisheries and Game of Massachusetts, 
which very clearly sets forth the reasons for the artificial hatching and 
rearing of fish : 

" The practice of maintaining and protecting the fisheries of public 
waters at public expense is of long standing, and is firmly established 
m well nigh all densely-populated states and countries as both expedient 
and profitable. Two definite methods are in vogue: 

" 1. The regulation of fishing for the purpose of protecting the 
adults, either (a) during the breeding season, or (h) in cases where the 
demand exceeds the natural s'.ipply; either by reducing the number of 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 3?,n 

fish taken during the year, by limiting the catch, or by limiting the 
number of days upon wliioh fish may be legally taken — /. e.. a close 
season — or, again, by prescribing how and by what apparatus fish may 
or may not be taken. 

" 2, The artificial hatching and rearing of young fish, and subsequent 
stocking of the water by the liberation of fry just hatched or of one or 
two-year-old fish. 

" The purpose for which such laws are instituted is absolutely cor- 
rect. If the adults of both sexes are not protected, the number of fertile 
eggs laid is immediately reduced. Then necessarily follows a decrease in 
the number of the young hatched and a proportionately smaller number 
of immature fish. Observations indicate that in a natural trout brook, 
undisturbed by man, an optimum population of all classes of life is estab- 
lished; enough insect larvae, adult insects, worms, Crustacea, and small 
fish of various species are present to furnish food for a rather constant 
number of young trout. Further, practically enough large adult trout 
are present to eat at least 90 per cent, of the trout fry before these young 
reach the breeding stage, and to furnish a number of offspring practi- 
cally just sufficient to furnish food for themselves and similar large fish. 
Thus a surplus of not more than a pair or two conies to maturity out of 
the hundreds of annual progeny of each pair of breeding fish, to replace 
the old trout which pass on through accident or senile decay. 

" When, however, man appears, and a considerable number of the 
breeding fish are removed by him, the most important consequence is a sud- 
den diminution in the number of eggs laid and a corresponding diminution 
in the number of fry hatched ; consequently, a relatively larger proportion 
of young fish, which are destined to go as food for the ' big fellows.' A 
two-pound trout, for example, requires a certain weight of animal food 
per day. He will persistently hunt until this amount is secured and his 
voracious appetite is satisfied. If, then, only a relatively small number 
of small trout are present, it is possible that every one of these may thus 
fall victims; and not alone an actually smaller number, but even no 
surplus fry, may remain to grow to become breeding adults. When thi^ 
occurs the trout fishery in that brook declines, and the waters soon 
become occupied by less valuable fish, or else the stream remains unpro- 
ductive, yielding either nothing to man, or, at least, less than its normal 
productive capacity. • * » The necessity of meeting these conditions 
has led to biological studies which prove the following facts of economic 
importance : 

" 1. More trout fry can be secured by artificial impregnation of the 
egg than are ordinarily hatched under natural conditions. 

" 2. The trout fry can be reared artificially in immense numbers, with 
less mortality, than in nature. 

" 3. By an increased quantity of food the rapidity of growth may be 
accelerated, and by substitution of an artificial food in place of young 
fish a greater weight of trout may be secured at less expense." 



336 ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 

In the United States, not only the Federal Government, but almost 
all the individual states, are increasing the yearly production of fish by 
means of enlarged or additional hatcheries. An idea of what is being 
done in this direction may be gained from the following figures, takec 
from the thirteenth annual report of the Forest, Fisb and Game Coin 
mission of the State of New York : 

Summary of Fish Distribution for the Year Ending Decembkr 31st, 
1907, IN the State of New York. 

Brook Trout 1,815,950 Frosttish 3,100,500 

Brown Trout 1,051,750 Maskalouge 5,000,000 

Lake Trout 8,758,900 Pike Perch 36,855,000 

Rainbow Trout 822,100 i Shad 506,100 

Small Mouth B]ack Bass 11,000 Smelt..., 100,000,000 

Tomcod 65 ,600 ,000 

Whitefish 15,510 ,300 



Total Game Fish 12,459,700 Total other fish 226,631,900 

In regard to fish, protection means both preservation and propaga- 
tion. The remarkable fecundity of the fish is an ever-growing amazement 
to the student of ichthyology. The ova are smaller than in any other 
class of animal, yet the ovaries in many fish are larger than the rest of 
the body. Taking advantage of this fecundity, with the aid of modern 
science and appliances, it should be possible to maintain in our Great 
Lakes and other waters the approximate balance of fish that nature 
intended, which, as before pointed out, is in all probability the optimum 
— that is, always provided that the sj'stem of artificial propagation works 
hand in hand with reasonable protection of the adults of the various 
species during the periods that they are engaged in the reproduction of 
their species, for to rely on artificial means alone to accomplish the work 
of nature is to court disaster. 

In this Province a close study should be given to the selection of the 
most suitable varieties of fish for the different inland waters. As an 
illustration of this may be quoted the salmon trout of the Great Lakes. 
This most excellent food fish, when planted in the confined areas of our 
lesser lakes, never seems to attain the same game qualities as the species 
indigenous to the particular lake; neither is their flesh, as a rule, so 
palatable. Many of our inland lakes have salmon trout peculiar to them- 
selves, and it would seem well, under any system of provincial hatcheries, 
to make provision for maintaining these varieties and testing their suita- 
bility for surrounding waters. 

It has been impossible, in view of the many questions that have pre- 
sented themselves to be dealt with by this Commission, to accumulate 
sufficient detailed information on the establishment and working of hatch- 
eries on the most modern, practical, and economical basis, to draw up a 
scheme for provincial hatcheries to be presented with this interim report; 
but such a scheme will be prepared and presented with the full report 
at a later date. 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 337 

^Ican while, your Commissioner would most strongly urge upon 
Your Honour the adoption of the principle of provincial hatcheries, to 
be scattered throughout the Province, in locations selected with a view 
to the easy gathering of the spawn, and general facilities for distrihu 
tion over the area to be fed by each, the whole system being so devised 
as to deal with all classes of food and game fish, and fish known to be 
the natural food of same, as it is only by maintaining the balance of 
nature that the best results can be obtained. 

Possibly no enterprise in the world is so dependent upon the skill 
faithfulness, and enthusiasm of those in charge as that of fish hatch 
eries. The work of a whole season may be ruined and the expenditure 
of considerable sums of money wasted, by a few hours' negligence 
Ontario is placed in the happy position of being able to take advantage 
of the experience of, and expensive investigations undertaken by, not 
only practical hatchery men and state fish culturists, but also by scif>n 
tific university professors and experts, in the United States and other 
countries. 

It must, however, be realized that in starting hatcheries of her owm. 
the Province has not at present the necessary personnel, and should 
most certainly not commence experimenting with amateurs; but, rather, 
should take up the art at the point it has now reached. In due time 
Ontario citizens will be trained, and will acquire the necessary skill : 
but for the first hatcheries it is obviously essential to obtain the service^' 
of non-residents who have had long, practical experience in the erection, 
maintenance, and general operation of the different forms of hatcheries 

Bass Brooderies. 

That Ontario already has a large tourist traffic, coming in from out- 
side and attracted by the angling, it is only necessary to look at the 
returns of the non-resident anglers' tax to realize; and that this tourist 
traffic can be developed into one of the largest economic factors in the 
prosperity of the Province, provided good angling facilities are forth- 
coming, few who have knowledge of the geography of the Province, with 
its vast areas of forest lands and streams, unsuited to agriculture; its 
magnificent lakes and waters, offering alike beautiful scenery and a 
splendid climate, and its ever-growing transportation facilities, or who 
have studied the development of the State of Maine, where it is esti 
mated that the tourist traffic brings into the state yearly a revenue of 
twenty-five million dollars, would be prepared to deny. A study of this 
question will reveal the fact that in this Province, as an attraction to 
anglers of all classes, our own citizens, as well as those from other pro 
vinces and states, the black bass stands in a class by itself. Its import 
ance, therefore, from the point of view of developing the tourist traffic 
of the Province, as well as of affording a healthful recreation to our 
own people, cannot be overestimated. 



338 ROD AND GUi\ IN CANADA 

The black bass, however, differs from the majority of fish, in that it 
cannot be forced to yield its eggs, or fertilize the same ; and hence ordin- 
ary methods of artificial propagation, as used iu hatcheries for other 
varieties of fish, are unavailing. Moreover, compared with other fishes, 
the black bass produces a small number of eggs, the number varying 
fiom about 2,000 to 9,000. A system has been devised by which use is 
made of small ponds, cleared of other fishes and injurious matter, for 
the purpose of inducing the bass to breed under normal conditions; and 
tlie young, resulting, are then carefully nurtured and reared, until in a 
suitable condition for transplantation. 

In view of the vast numbers of bass that are taken out of the waters 
of this Province yearly, the comparatively small number of eggs pro- 
duced by the female, and the improbability, to say the least of it, that, in 
the small lakes and rivers at least, the present supply will be maintained 
unless special measures are taken to increase the propagation, your Com- 
missioner would strongly recommend the adoption of the principle of 
bass control ponds, to be scattered througliout the Province in suitable 
locations; and though time and opportunity have been insufficient to 
enable him to draw up a scheme for presentation with this interim report, 
such a scheme will be drawn up and be presented with the full report 
of tliis Commission at a later date. 

Co OPERATION. 

In the enforcement of laws the good-will and support of the people 
is a most important factor, for no government can afford to maintair 
indefinitely a sufficient force of officials to ensure the obeying of laws 
of which the general public does not approve. Most particularly doec 
this apply to the enforcement of the game laws and fishery regulations 
of tliis Province on the public waters and wild lauds. To patrol these 
vast areas closely would entail an army corps of officials and an expense 
far in excess of the funds at the disposal of the treasury; while to patrol 
them with a limited number of officers implies wide districts for the 
officers to cover, and consequently a greater dependency on the people 
ihemselves, not only to obey the Iravs, but to demand their observance 
by others, resident in or visiting the localities in which they live. 

There is no more misguided policy for a government than to have 
laws on the statute book which it cannot, or does not, enforce, for con- 
nivance at infractions of the law is synonymous with connivance at 
public moral deterioration. 

Hence, in reviewing the question of possible co-operation by officers 
of other departments of the Government, and other corporations, as 
called for in the instructions of his commission, your Commissioner 
deems it his first duty to call the attention of Your Honour to the 
urgency of enlisting the co-operation of that greatest of all provincial 
corporations, tlie public of Ontario. 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 339 

That the laws and regulations in regard to fish and game 
of the Province are sound in principle your Commissioner is con- 
vinced; as likewise that the great mass of the people are law- 
abiding, and prepared to support the enforcement of the laws once 
thev understand what they are and the purposes for which tliey liave 
been made. Unfortunately, however, investigation has disclosed to 
Iiim the fact that not only is there considerable vagueness in the public 
mind as to the provisions of the laws and regulations, both in their 
requirements and in their administration, but also a very widespread 
misapprehension of the purposes for which these laws and regulations 
have been framed. Unconscious violations of the law are of common 
occurrence; magistrates all too frequently display their ignorance of its 
provisions in unauthorized total or partial remissions of its penalties, 
and the commercial fisherman, the settler, and the pothunter appear 
more often than not to view those resources of nature in which they are 
interested as their own peculiar birthright and possession, to be squan- 
dered at their pleasure, without regard to vested public rights or to 
their future economic value, holding, indeed, in many instances that all 
restrictive laws and regulations are but the device of an unrighteous and 
selfish band of individuals, known to them as sportsmen, to steal thoir 
birthright for themselves. The general public, meanwliile, remains dull 
and apathetic, merely because it does not appreciate the greatness of the 
issues at stake. 

The awakening of the public to the importance of tliese issues not 
only would ensure public co-operation, but would carry with it compre- 
hension of the value of the natural resources of the Province on the 
part of its greater corporations, and a desire to assist in developing and 
exploiting their almost boundless possibilities. Specific education is an 
important means of awakening the public sentiment, and such education 
must comprise a lucid exposition of the economics of the questions in- 
volved. The public must be taught to understand that the fishery regula- 
tions and game laws have been devised in their own interest, and must be 
encouraged to take pleasure in conforming to the same; magistrates musl 
be instructed to learn and enforce the provisions of the laws; but, above 
all, it is important that the general public, together with the settler, 
should realize that the living deer is many times more valuable to them 
than the same deer dead; together with the agriculturist, that the birds 
of the air are the farmer's best friends; together Avith the commercial 
fisherman, that the capture of fish in the season devoted by nature to 
reproduction but spells ultimate and utter depletion. 

The blue books of the country contain carefully-prepared statistics, 
giving full information as to the amount of coal and other minerals 
mined, of cereals raised, of butter and cheese manufactured for export, 
etc., but one source of wealth possessed by the Province of Ontario — as 
well, in fact, as by most of the other provinces of the Dominion — is not 
included in these returns. The t'^urist traffic is the source of wealth 
referred to. 



340 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



In several countries the value of this traffic is recognized and under- 
stood not only b^ the authorities, but by the general public also. I'os^ 
sblv the best exan,ple of this is the Republic of Switzerland where 
attrac ons of mountain scenery, an invigorating climate, and wmter and 
summer sports draw thousands of tourists annually, who leave vast 
sums of money behind them, to enrich not only the hotels, which may be 
numbered by the thousand, but to circulate freely among all classes of 

the population. , , , ,. ,. „j 

The tourist traffic of Italy, attracted by its wonderful climate and 
by the historic associations and art collections of its many beautiful 
cfties is enormous, and its importance is realized by the authorities and 
people alike. 

As an example of the value of fish and game as an attraction to the 
tourist uo better case can be quoted than that of the State of Maine. 

In 18G7 a commission, appointed by the State Legislature, made an 
exhaustive enquiry into the conditions prevailing ^^^^^''^Jll'^^^ 
submitted stated that the inland fisheries were practically valueless, 
there was no moose in the state, and deer in only one small district. 
This condition had been brought about, not by the visiting sportsmen, 
but by the residents themselves, the game having been shipped for com- 
mercial purposes to the larger Eastern cities. After this report was 
received, tlie Legislature passed very strict laws, which were at fi.st 
enforced with great difficulty, but which in the end won public support. 
In tlie vear 1902, in order that the Legislature might be well advised as 
to wliat the tourist traffic amounted to, the state authorities carried out 
a summer census of all the visitors in the interior portions of the state. 
These figures showed that 133,885 persons came into the interior por- 
tions of the state, the principal attraction being the excellent fishing 
and shooting provided. 

Two years ago your Commissioner enquired from Hon. L. T. Carle- 
ton, State Commissioner of Fisheries and Game, whether this traffic had 
increased, and Mr. Carleton was good enough to take the question up 
with Colonel Boothby, General Passenger Agent of the Msme '.entral 
Railwav, and this official stated that, from statistics in his possession 
and from other sources of information, he was of the opinion that quite 
250,000 people came into the interior portions of the state during 190., 
attracted principally by the fishing and shooting. 

Senatoi' Frve, a well-known statesman, has stated that m all times 
of financial depression the State of Maine feels the conditions less than 
any other state in the Union, owing to the fact of this sportsman-tourist 
traffic, which at these periods does not seem to shrink as might have been 
expected. 

Officiallv, the authorities of the State of Maine estimate the amount 
of money left behind by each individual who comes into the interior 
portion of the state at an average of |100.00. Those who have studied 
the question are of the opinion that this is a very conservative estimate; 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 341 

and, if it be accepted as a basis, it will be found that, taking the Govern- 
ment statistics for 1902, there would have been left in the state that 
year over thirteen million dollars; and, if the figures of the railroad 
official are accepted for 1907, the gigantic sum of twenty -five million dol- 
lars would be the result of the tourist traffic for one year. 

The Province of Ontario is very happily situated, geographically, to 
take the fullest advantage of the possibilities inherent in its game fish 
and game as an attraction to the tourist. It lies within easy distance of 
the populous and ever-growing cities of the State of New York, and is 
as easy of access to the residents of the Mississippi Valley as is the State 
of Maine. 

Some little prejudice exists among a portion of the population of 
the Province in regard to the influx of visiting sportsmen, the idea being 
that, should great numbers come in, the sport will be ruined. On reflec- 
tion, however, it will be seen from the history of the evolution of this 
class of traffic in the State of Maine that this belief is not founded on 
fact, for, as has already been pointed out, in 18GT the game and fish of 
the state had practically disappeared, not through the action of visiting 
sportsmen, but through the slaughter carried on by the residents them- 
selves ; but, once the public became advised of the value of this attraction 
in the development of the tourist business, such splendid protection was 
furnished that to-day not only is twenty-five million dollars attracted 
annually to the state, but the residents themselves obtain much better 
fishing and shooting than ever existed in the state before. 

The returns of the Department of Game and Fisheries of the Pro- 
vince of Ontario show that from the non-resident anglers' tax of |2.00 
per head approximately $17,000 has been collected during the year. It 
must be borne in mind, however, that this license fee has only been col- 
lected for three j^ars, and that the machinery for its collection is not yet 
perfected ; and, indeed, at the present time it may fairly be assumed that 
only about one-half of the possible amount is actually collected. Then, 
also, it should be realized that this |17,000 direct revenue means an in- 
direct revenue to the Province of something approaching |850,000.00, 
taking the average used by the Maine officials as a basis of calculation, 
namely, .^100.00 per capita. It must also be borne in mind that for one 
person who pays this fee there are, on an average, one or two members 
of the family who do not care to angle, and who, therefore, do not take 
out any license to do so, but who will none the less be spending their 
pro rata amount in the Province. 

From information in the possession of your Commissioner, obtained 
from railroad officials, hotel proprietors, etc., he estimates that quite 
three million dollars comes into the Province annually, which would 
not be brought in if there were no angling or shooting; and, further, 
your Commissioner is of the opinion that were the fish and game of the 
Province to be seriously considered from their economic aspect by yo^^r 
Government, the public, and the great financial institutions, such an 



343 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

improvement ^vo^lld take place in the sport, through the establishment of 
hatcheries and adequate general protection that tlie sum referred to 
would be immensely increased. The State of Maine is onlj'^ about one- 
eighth of tlio size of the Province of Ontario, and there is no reason why 
the immense sums derived from its tourist traffic and now enjoyed by 
that state should not in the course of time, and by intelligent effort, be 
equalled, or even surpassed, in the Province of Ontario, the free circula- 
tion of which would mean the building of numerous hotels, improved 
railway and steamboat transportation, increased value of real estate, 
employment for thousands of registered guides, and the development 
generally of the machinery' to handle a quarter to half a million annual 
summer visitors. 

The scarcity of ready money among the poorer settlers in the back 
townships is admitted, and no manual labour is better paid than that of 
guide or oarsman, employed by visiting sportsmen; and, were the 
settlers more alive to the opportunities of obtaining considerable sums 
of money by taking up this work, your Commissioner believes such 
settlers would become interested in the protection of fish and game m 
their neighbouiiiood, and realize that its gi'eatest value to themselves is 
as an attraction to the visiting sportsmen. It may be of interest to note 
that no less an authority than Hon. L. T. Carleton has estimated that 
the value of a moose running in the woods is quite 1500.00, whereas the 
same moose dead, and looked upon from its food value alone, is worth 
only a fraction of this sum. 

The value of fish and game from a sentimental point of view is of 
doubtful importance in this commercial age, but your Commissioner 
would point out that, in addition to the arguments above set forth, the 
health of the citizens of the more crowded centres is admittedly much 
improved by a holiday spent in the woods and on the water, and that 
the attraction of fish and game to draw city folk countrywards is of 
importance to the body politic from this point of view. 

He believes that were the facts and figures above given more thor- 
oughly understood by the masses of the people of the Province, a strong 
vigorous, and healthy sentiment would readily develop in all classes of 
the community, as it has in the State of Maine, and especially among 
th(; settlers in the regions where sport is chiefly found, or can best be 
improved. 

In the United States the importance of educating the people in this 
direction is recognized. The Department of Agriculture at Washington 
has been, and is to-day, carrying on this work energetically. Bulletins 
are issued by it on various subjects, such, for instance, as the value of Lh*» 
quail to the farmer as an insect destroyer, and of the usefulness of other 
birds in assisting the farmer in destroying noxious weed seeds, insects, 
and harmful vermin, and are freely circulated. Commissioner Whipple, 
of the New York State Forest, Fish and Game Commission, stated 
recently, at a convention of the New York State Forest, Fish and Game 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 343 

Leagues, that at least 100 nights of the year be devoted to giving lec- 
tures throughout the state, with the view of advising the public of the 
objects of his commission and as to the advisability of supporting its 
<^fforts. 

The following extract from the 190S report of the Game and Fish 
Commissioner of the State of Alabama exemplifies very clearly the 
necessity of some such action on the part of the authorities: 

'' As a result of scientific research of the most extended nature it 
has been ascertained that the cause of the prevalence of many mala- 
dies, and the problem of weed control, is largely attributable to the 
slaughter of our insectivorous birds, which in the past have been 
wantonly murdered by the million. Birds annually destroy thou- 
sands of tons of noxious weed seeds, and billions of harmful insects; 
they were designed to hold in check certain forces that are antago- 
nistic to the vegetable kingdom. A noted French scientist has asserted 
that without birds to check the ravages of insects, human life would 
vanish from this planet in the short space of nine years. lie insists 
that insects would first destroy the growing cereals, next would fall 
upon the grass and foliage, which would leave nothing upon which 
cattle and stock could subsist. The possibilities of agriculture having 
been destroyed, domestic animals having perished for want of proven- 
der, man, in his extremity, in a barren and desolate land, would be 
driven to the necessity of becoming cannibalized, or subsisting exclu- 
sively on a diet of fish. Even granting that only a portion of what 
the eminent Frenchman asserts is true, it is easy to glean from his 
theory that birds are man's best allies, and should be protected, not 
only on account of their innocence, bright plumage and inspiring songs, 
but because they render to the farmer valuable assistance every day." 

It would seem, therefore, that not only is the education of the peo- 
ple to an appreciation of the value of the fish, game and birds of the 
Province a necessity, but that in its undertaking there is ample scope 
for cordial co-operation between the Departments of Agriculture and 
Game and Fisheries. Mr. C. W. Nash, the eminent ornithologist and 
iclitliyologist, by means of a series of lectures to farmers, has done excel- 
lerit work in this direction, and your Commissioner believes that the 
broadening and extending of such a system, together with the free dis- 
tribution of educative bulletins on all matters appertaining to the sub- 
ject, would produce most far-reaching and satisfactory results. 

Your Commissioner would also point out that the duties of certain 
of the officials of the Department of Lands, Forests and Minrs, such 
as the fire rangers, as well as those of the newly organized provincial 
constabulary, bring them into close touch with matters intimately con- 
nected with fish and game protection, and that the loyal co-operation 
of these officers in the enforcement of the game laws and fishery regu- 
lations is most earnestly to be desired. The provincial constabulary 
force, under its new chief, may well prove an invaluable aid to the ofB- 

2 0. F. 



344 KUD AND GL'X IX CANADA 

cers of the Department of Game and Fisheries, for it is, to a certain 
extent, a secret service; and will, therefore, at times have in its posses- 
sion information not otherwise procurable by the Department of Game 
and Fisheries. 

As regards corporations, who are in a position to co-operate 
with the Department of Game and Fisheries, and whose co-operation 
it would seem most advisable to secure, your Commissioner would 
draw Your Honour's attention to the fact that the great railways 
have a definite and acknowledged financial interest in the main- 
tenance of the fish and game in the Province, as an attraction to tour- 
ists, and thereby as a means of swelling their passenger receipts, while 
at the same time, owing to the nature of their organization, they are 
most advantageously situated, especially in the more sparsely settled 
regions through which their lines run, to render this co-operation effec- 
tive. Your Commissioner is happy to be able to report that he has had 
the opportunity of pressing upon certain of the companies the desir- 
ability of their assistance in the matter of fish and game protection, 
and 1ms met with a most courteous and sympathetic hearing. Your 
Minister of Public Works has been pleased to agree to commission as 
deputy overseers any officials appointed and paid by the railroads to 
take an active part in the protection of fish and game, and already the 
Algoma and Hudson Bay Eailway Company, after consultation with 
your Commissioner, has taken advantage of this olTer to appoint such 
an officer. At the present time, also, the managements of some of the 
greatest railroads, operating in this Province, have under considera- 
tion plans for assisting the authorities in a parallel direction, and your 
Commissioner hopes that before the presentation of his full report 
these plans will have matured, and taken definite shape, so that he will 
be enabled to present tliem therein. 

Your Commissioner would reiterate once more that, to develop and 
exploit the natural advantages of the Province in fish and game, cli- 
mate and scenery, to nmke barren and wild lands productive of a great 
income to the Province, and to build on solid foundations, which will 
secure the fruits of these efforts to all future generations, it is necessary 
that, not only should the officers of the various Government Depart- 
ments, nearly or remotely interested, most cordially co-operate, but 
that the interest of the public must be awakened, and its co-operation 
solicited and won, which can only be eft'ected by educating the public 
to a realization of the issues at stake. 

The storehouses of nature, filled with treasures of incalculable 
value, are none the less exhaustible. The history of this continent 
has proved that the wanton destruction of to-day but spells the extinc- 
tion of a whole species to-morrow. To bring the people to a realiza- 
tion of these matters should be the ambition and care of a government, 
and hand in hand with an aggressive educative policy for this purpose 
there should be adopted a policy of conservation, framed on broad lines. 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 34.-> 

such as those pictured by President Eoosevelt in his instructions to the 
National Conservation Commission, on its creation in 190S, when he 
wrote : 

" Our object is to conserve the foundations of our prosperity. AYe 
intend to use these resources, but to use them so as to conserve them. 
No etfort should be made to limit the wise and proper development and 
application of these resources; every effort should be made to prevent 
destruction, to reduce waste, and to distribute the enjoyment of our 
natural wealth in such a way as to promote the greatest good to the 
greatest number for the longest time.'-' 

Your Commissioner would, therefore, most strongly recommend that : 

1. The officials of all Government departments, nearly or remotely 
connected with matters appertaining to the protection of fish, game 
and birds, be instructed to co-operate, cordially and loyally, with the 
officials of the Department of Game and Fisheries. 

2. The Department of Agriculture, together with the Department of 
Game and Fisheries, undertake the education of the people to the eco- 
nomic value of the birds, as the safeguards of agriculture, and of fish 
and game, both as sources of food supply and as an attraction to the 
tourist, by means of bulletins, such as published and circulated by the 
Department of Agriculture at Washington, and by an amplification of the 
lecture system, such as already conducted by Mr. C. W. Nash, 

3. Every encouragement be given to any corporation desirous of 
assisting the Government in the enforcement of the game laws and fish- 
ery regulations. 

Provincial Park Preserves. 

The Province of Ontario contains many thousands of acres of wihl 
and wooded lands, whose geological formation discloses no valuable 
mineral resources, and forbids the possibilities of agriculture, but whose 
natural beauty is a constant joy to those fortunate enough to visit 
them, and whose peaceful sylvan recesses and rugged fastnesses 
afford a luxurious home for the song, insectivorous, and game bird, as 
well as for the moose, the deer, and the many smaller but valuable fur- 
bearing animals. It has been said that nothing in nature exists without 
a cause, and if a reason be sought for the existence of these wild and 
beautiful lands, what nobler or grander one can be conceived than that 
they are designed to be the perpetual and unspoiled playground of a 
great and populous nation, wherein its sons and daughters may seek 
both health and recreation, and where bird and beast alike may exist 
under adequate protection. 

The progress of modern civilization has entailed extravagant de- 
mands on nature, and the blatant call of demand drowned the feeble 
plaint of an ever-diminishing supply. Fortunately, however, a powerful 
voice was raised in time, and the nations of the continent were made to 
understand that it is easier to fell than to grow, easier to exterminate than 



346 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

to create. It had long been realized that all wild life reproduces itself 
more prolificly and healthfully under natural conditions, and it required 
but the launching of the idea of Government-owned park preserves for 
the principle to be cordially welcomed and accepted by all classes of 
the community. Throughout this continent the adoption of the prin- 
ciple has been remarkable both for its rapidity and for the variety of 
its application. Sea-girt islands have been selected as breeding places 
for the gulls, where no man may venture to shoot; ranges of wild land 
and hills have been assigned to the elk to make his home in, and others 
to the moose or smaller forms of deer life and birds; hills and moun- 
tains have been declared the sanctuary of the mountain sheep and goat, 
and vast tracts of devastated timber lands have been set aside, to be sown 
with the seed that will produce the lumber for generations yet to come. 
Already the success that has attended the movement has been most 
marked, and not only are certain species of birds and beasts, formerly 
in danger of extinction, once again beginning to multiply in the pre- 
sfM'ved regions, but, in common with other four-footed and winged 
creatures, are spreading in increasing numbers over contiguous dis- 
tricts. In fact, it may be said that in the national park preserve has 
been discovered the secret of perpetuating our big and other game. 

Ontario has not been behind in grasping the wisdom of this policy, 
and in the Temagami, Algonquin, and other provincial parks the helms- 
men of lier destiny have set aside, alike for the people of to-day as of 
to-morrow, great tracts of land, Avhere nature may continue to hold 
undisputed sway, where the birds and beasts may thrive and breed, to 
spread in plentiful numbers over the surrounding territory, and where 
men and ^^•omen may seek simple and healthy repose from the cares and 
worries of strenuous modern life. 

The area of the Province, however, is so vast that there would still 
seem to be scope for the extension of this most excellent principle. 

At the time the pine timber was being taken out from the territories 
>vhere very little land suitable for agriculture existed, men went in on 
the wave of the lumber industry, and, picking out a spot where there 
chanced to be a little arable soil, tit to produce oats, hay and potatoes, 
etc., proceeded to erect a snmll home, finding employment during the 
winter in the shanties, and in the spring on the drive, after which they 
devoted themselves to raising the crops indicated, and for which they 
obtained high prices among the lumbermen. After the pine was taken 
out and the wave of lumber operations receded, these men were in many 
cases left high and dry. with wives and families to support. The land 
they owned not being really suitable for agriculture, they eked out a 
v(»ry poor livelihood. Their homes are often far removed from schools, 
and consequently their children do not have the same opportunities for 
education as exist generally throughout the Province. These men have, 
to a certain extent, become dependent on the game and fish of their 
neighbourliood to furnish no small proportion of their daily food. It 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 347 

would seem that the welfare of the Province would be advanced were 
their condition ameliorated. The purchase of holdings of this nature 
would give cash to these poor settlers, with \\hich, if homesteads were 
allocated to them in more fertile regions, and free transportation to the 
same provided for them, they would be enabled to start life afresh 
under more advantageous circumstances, whilst those same lands, so 
barren and useless to the settler agriculturist, would be a suitable and 
profitable addition to the park preserves of the Province and for reafor- 
estation. 

Since undertaking his present duties your Commissioner has hnd 
the opportunity of visiting only one of the provincial park preserves — 
the Algonquin National Park. The extent of this park is some 45 by 45 
miles, comprising, approximately, 24 townships; and, though the objects 
of the park are being in many respects fulfilled, and bird and animal 
life increasing, after consultation with the Park Superintendent, and 
from other sources of information, your Commissioner has been forced 
to the conclusion that the staff of rangers for the efficient wardenship l'C 
the park is totally inadequate. 

At the present time there are ^*ut fifteen rangers, and in a broken 
and woody country of this description it is vain to expect such a small 
staff to provide proper and sufficient protection, Mr. Shier, a lumber- 
man of twenty-five years' experience in the woods of Northern Ontario, 
in giving evidence to your Commissioner on this point, remarked : 

" In my opinion, you ought to have two men to one township.'' 

Although a staff of such a size as indicated by this gentleman would 
De beyond the funds at present available, nevertheless some addition to 
the permanent staff' of the park is most urgently needed. The Superin- 
tendent of the park is in the anomalous position of being responsible for 
the efficient discharge of their duties by the wardens, while, at the same 
time, being required to be practically continuously at his headquarters. 
in order to deal immediately with any malefactors the rangers may 
bring before him. That some supervision of the rangers is necessary 
would seem to bo obvious, as likewise that to supervise their work 
effectively would entail an inspector being almost continuously in the 
woods the year through; but, on the other hand, it is equally plain that 
someone is required at headquarters to discharge the magisterial func- 
tions of superintendent and to attend to administrative details. It 
would appear, therefore, that a chief ranger is a necessity, to work 
directly under the Park Superintendent; and, though an experiment in 
this direction proved unsuccessful, the falling of one into evil ways does 
not imply that another would, of necessity, do likewise. In fact, your 
Commissioner believes that in the Province of Ontario many a suitable 
man, both able and willing to discharge the duties of such a post, is to 
be found, if only they be sought amongst the ranks of those whose life 
records and experiences prove their suitability. 



348 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

One of the main difficulties which seem to attend the efficient war- 
denship of the park is that, at the present time, the rangers cannot 
arrest or pursue further than one mile outside the park boundaries. 
Such a state of afTairs is subversive of good results, and weakens the 
authority of the wardens, for to chase an offender out of tlie park and 
then be obliged to let him escape, is but to encourage the offender in the 
belief that he can return to his malefactions with impunity, and to 
discourage the wardens in attempting to arrest. The laws and regula- 
tions have been designed to check these classes of offences. Placing 
obstacles in the way of the enforcement of the law is the surest way of 
encouraging the commission of these offences. 

Another difficulty encountered in the wardenship of the Algonquin 
National Park is that the boundaries of the park admit of entrance 
being gained thereto by numerous waterways from outside. Many a 
man, therefore, can easily slip into the park unobserved, making use of 
these waterways, and starting from the lakes outside. In fact, the pres- 
ence of a chain of lakes immediately outside the boundaries of the park 
would appear not only to be a source of stracegical weakness from the 
point of view of efficient administration, but, judging from the evidence 
of the park superintendent, the actual cause of a very great portion of 
the troubles experienced by himself and staff. 

In dealing with the subject of provincial park preserves, your Com- 
missioner desires to call to Your Honour's attention the great increase of 
beaver within them. From the evidence collected by him on this point 
he feels assured that these animals have now attained to such numbers 
that to remove the normal increase would be proper and advantageous 
to the parks. Such a system, in the matter of game, is worked by the 
authorities in Germany; and, were it adopted in Ontario, would provide 
a very considerable revenue, sufficient^ in all probability, to at least bear 
all the expense of the maintenance of the parks. As accurate as possible 
a census of the beaver should be taken annually, the numbers to be taken 
decided upon, and the localities for the taking carefully selected by the 
responsible authority, arrangements made for the proper treating and 
preparing of the pelts; on each pelt should be branded a Government 
mark, and when the pelts are ready for the market they should be adver- 
tised for tender or sold by auction. The killing of beaver should only be 
entrusted to thoroughly competent and reliable officials, as it would, in 
the opinion of your Commissioner, be dangerous and unprofitable to 
undertake it with officials whose probity, at all events, was not absolutely 
beyond question. In fact, it would seem that the supervision of this work 
should be one of the duties of the Chief Ranger referred to in a preceding 
paragraph. 

As the population in Ontario grows and its tourist traffic develop?, 
the number of visitors to the public parks will inevitably be greater, and 
the demand for guides will steadily increase. The science of forestry 
has made rapid progress, and undoubtedly will play an important part 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 349 

in the future economics of the Province. Already, indeed, much atten- 
tion is being paid to the prevention and extinction of forest fires, and the 
Department of Lands, Forests and Mines employs quite a considerable 
number of fire rangers at certain periods of the year. In the University 
of Toronto a special forestry class is held, under the supervision of Pro- 
fessor B. E. Fernow, and it has been brought to the attention of your 
Commissioner that anything that can be done to assist these young men 
to a practical knowledge of the woods is a step in the direction of the 
future prosperity of the Province. Practical knowledge of the woods 
can only be obtained by personally visiting and living in them. The 
expenses of education bear pretty hardly on the pockets of many of the 
ambitious young men of to-day. Employment as guide or forest fire 
ranger would appear to offer these young men not only a practical road 
to knoAvJedge of the woods, but also an opportunity of making a little 
money with which to carry on their education. Young men, attested by 
Dr. Fernow to be proficient canoemen and swimmers, to have a reason- 
able knowledge of cookery and the theoretical side of woodcraft, and to 
be of good character and physique, should make ideal guides for the 
average tourist, for they would be cleanly in habits and polite in man- 
ners ; and, in a very short space of time, would be equally as at home as 
the woodsman in the particular districts in which they were employed. 
Other young men, without the particular qualifications necessary for 
guiding, would, at least as fire rangers, be obtaining practical knowledge 
of the woods, of life in the same, and of the practical side of fire pro- 
tection for the forests, as also, probably, of fire extinguishing. 

The people of Ontario as a whole maintain the park preserves, but 
only a proportion of the people are able or desirous of making use of 
them; and, therefore, it would seem not to be unreasonable to attempt 
to lighten the burden on those who do not by imposing a small fee for 
the privilege on those who do. A registration fee of 50 or 75 cents 
would deter none from coming, but would furnish an additional sourc«3 
of income to provide for the cost of maintenance and, equally important, 
provide statistics as to the numbers making use of the parks. 

Your Commissioner would, therefore, recommend that: 

1. Power be taken to expropriate gradually the holdings of settlers 
in barren and unprofitable lands, adjudged unsuited to agriculture, the 
«aid settlers being offered free lands in districts more suited to agricul- 
ture, and, with their wives, families and belongings, free transportation 
to same. 

2. The following townships be added to the Algonquin National 
Park: To the south— Livingstone, Laurence, and Nightingale. To the 
<>ast— White Eiver, Clancy (east half), Guthrie, Barron, and Edgar. 

3. A chief ranger be appointed for the Algonquin Park. 

4. The number of rangers in the Algonquin National Park be 
increased to 24. 



350 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

5. A system of taking the normal increase of beaver be adopted for 
the provincial park preserves, pelts to be taken by Government officials, 
branded with the Government brand, and sold by tender or auction, the 
proceeds of such sales being devoted to the maintenance of the provin- 
cial park preserves. 

G. The students of Dr. Fernow's forestry class be encouraged to go 
into the woods and act as guides in the provincial park preserves when 
it is attested by Dr. Feruow that they have the proper qualifications, 
and be employed, as far as possible, as forest fire rangers, or rangers' 
assistants, by the Department of Lands, Forests and Mines, free trans- 
portation to their destination and biick being provided at the public 
expense. 

Deer. 

One of the penalties of advancing civilization in all countries has 
been the comparatively rapid disappearance of the larger forms of wild 
animal life indigenous to them. The axe of the woodman, the opening 
of a country to agriculture, the creation of trade and transportation 
routes, with the consequent increase of population and the facilities 
thereby afforded for the exploitation of newly-opened lands to supply 
the demands for game from established towns and cities, have all playx! 
their part; but on this continent an additional factor must be credited 
with a large share of the responsibility. Each man child born to the 
country seems to have inherited in most pronounced form the hunting 
instinct and, in the past at least, something of the lust of slaughter. 
The truth of this, and its full meaning, was probably first realized when 
the two nations of Xorth America awoke to the fact that the buffalo 
were no more. Certain it is, however, that efforts to counteract these 
combined influences are of comparatively recent date. 

In the United States, where civilization made the more rapid pro- 
gress and population the more rapid increase, the effects of wanton 
destruction were first noticed and felt, and consequently game protec- 
tion advanced there by rapid strides, whilst in Canada it still remained 
in its infancy. Now that Canada, in her turn, has entered upon her era 
of increase and development, it would seem but wise for her provinces to 
take advantage of the experience of those who, in these respects, have 
already passed through the stages of evolution in which they to-day find 
themselves. 

That the economic value of deer can ever even approximate to that 
of the fish is not to be contended, either as a source of food supply or as 
an inducement to the tourist, for in the scheme of nature there is no 
provision made for abnormal reproduction of game animals such as 
exists in the fishes, and also almost every man, and a great many women, 
are expert anglers, and in the course of the year find some opportunity 
of displaying their skill, while in these days only a proportion of the 
male population have either the means or opportunity to venture into 
the woods in search of deer. The economic value of deer, however, 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 351 

though less than that of fish, is none the less very high, and should by 
no means be overlooked or underestimated; for, outside of the money 
brought into the Province thereby, there is still the consideration so 
ably set forth in the 190S report of the Game Commissioners of Penn- 
sylvania: 

" Through the increase of game we feel that an incentive to out- 
door exercise and recreation is supplied that cannot be secured through 
any otlier process. An experience in camp life and in handling and 
caring for firearms is secured that is of great worth to our citizens who 
indulge in hunting, through which they, as individuals, secure better 
health, and are, therefore, better fitted to fill the place allotted to each 
in his respective community. These things together —better health 
and, therefore, better citizenship — joined to experience in camp life 
and in the handling of firearms, appear to us of great value to the 
state and the nation, as they surely raise our standard of defence in 
time of trouble, in the shape of war, either from within or from with- 
out, far above that of any people who do not hunt. We feel that the 
presence of game is of great value to the state, and that hunting is a 
necessary adjunct to our national success; and that, therefore, the 
state owes it to itself to provide some method whereby game can be 
increased." 

Tlie Province of Ontario has been abundantly endowed by nature 
with forests and wild lands well suited to the maintenance of large herds 
of deer, and her ranges were originally stocl^ed to their utmost capacity. 
Owing, however, to the advance of civilization, with its train of conse- 
quences before enumerated, as likewise to the fact that for many years 
the slaughter of deer was practically unchecked, great ravages have been 
made on the numbers of the deer, with the result that to-day in many 
localities their ranks are sadly thinned; and it would appear to be the 
almost unanimous opinion of those who have studied the subject, or take 
a personal interest in it, that some steps should be taken, and that 
immediately, if the deer are to be conserved to the Province. In any 
case, without taking a pessimistic view of the situation, it can be safely 
said that further conservation measures on the part of the authoritiefl 
are a necessity, for the diminution in the numbers of deer almost 
throughout the entire Province is well marked and admitted, and that 
the time for tliese measures is now, when the material available is still 
ample for the upbuilding of a great and permanent supply. 

Fortunately the experience of our neighbours has proven that, as 
expressed by the Game and Fish Commissioners of Minnesota in their 
1908 report: 

" Deer respond readily to protection, thrive and multiply in the 
vicinity of settlements, when not molested in close seasons, domesticate 
easily, and may be retained in abundance under ordinary restrictive 
laws." 



352 ROD AND GL'X IN CANADA 

So that, bj studying the laws of our neighbours, and selecting those 
which have been most efficacious and beneficial, it should be possibl*^ 
for the aulhorities to ensure the conservation of at least an equal 
supply of deer to posterity as exists at present, without laying any 
undue hardships on the sportsman-citizen of to-day. 

Advocates of reforms in the deer laws are as numerous as the 
remedies they suggest, but, in the opinion of your Commissioner, Dr. 
Hornaday, the eminent naturalist and head of the Bronx Zoological 
Society, placed his finger on the vital issue when, in an interview 
accorded to your Commissioner, he stated : 

" There is no surer method of exterminating any variety of big 
game than to allow the destruction of the females." 

In enlarging upon this subject, he pointed out that the adoption by 
hunters of a motto, 

" Never shoot until you see the horns,'' 

not only means the preservation of many does to produce one or two 
fawns in the ensuing spring, but in itself is the most powerful safe- 
guard that can be devised by the state for the protection of human 
life in the woods, for almost all the hunting accidents, which on this 
continent are so lamentably numerous as to be almost a public scand.ii, 
occur through snapshooting at a moving object whose nature, even, 
cannot be discerned. 

That such a law would be viewed by many in this Province as a 
disagreeable innovation is probable: but it must be remembered that all 
innovations, from the umbrella to the telegraph, have met with opposi- 
tion at the hands of a prejudiced populace, and time and again has it 
been proved that the popular prejudice will disappear with extraordin- 
ary rapidity if the innovation or measure is intrinsically good and 
worthy of popular approbation. 

Considering this question to be of great importance, your Commis- 
sioner feels no hesitation in quoting at some length from the reports of 
the various fish and game commissions and wardens m the United 
States, where conditions are, perhaps, even more criticrJ in re>^pect to 
deer than they are in this Province, and where the men in touch with 
the conditions can speak from experir'nce of an actual application of 
such a law. 

The Cliief Game Protector to the Game Commissioners of the Stare 
of Pennsylvania writes in his report of 1908 : 

" When the bill proposing to limit the killing of deer to a male deer 
with horns, and which afterwards became law, was first introduced, I ^^ as 
opposed to the measure. * * * i thought that if a measure of this kind 
became law it would be very apt to result in trouble to many men wiio 
otherwise intended to be honest; that because of the thick underbrusli 
found in the deer territory, the high bracken and rough country, it 
would be almost impossible to determine the sex of a deer until the 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 353 

deer had beeu killed. I preferred the making of au absolutely closed 
season for deer, if protection to that extent was found to be necessary, 
and I at once began a canvass of the Senate and the House of Repre- 
sentatives relative to these matters. I also consulted sportsmen and 
other men who were in the habit of going into the woods during the 
deer season regarding their thought on the subject, and found that, 
almost without exception, the bird hunters, the rabbit hunters, the 
lumbermen, the land-owners, and the people generally who desired to 
go into the woods during the last two weeks of November, including 
many deer hunters, favoured the passage of this measure. They argued 
that they, as citizens of this commonwealth, had just as much right to 
be in the woods at that time as had the deer hunter, and that, under the 
then existing law, there was not one moment of all that time that the 
life of any one of them was safe. They claimed that they, as human 
beings, were just as much entitled to protection as were the deer. 1 
found from statistics gathered by the Biological Survey at Washing- 
ton, D.C., that forty-eight men had been killed and one hundred and 
four wounded within the United States by deer hunters during the 
open season of 1906. I, therefore, refrained from opposing this bill 
before the Legislature, and urged the Governor to sign it when it came 
before him. I am now satisfied this is one of the best measures ever 
placed upon the books of Pennsylvania. * * * i am certain that no 
mere deer have lost their lives, in violation of law, since the passage of 
this act than would have been killed illegally during the same period 
liad there been an absolutely closed season. * * * i am confident the 
great majority of hunters respect this law. * * * It is, of course, a 
new idea, and very trying to deer hunters in this state to hold their 
fire when a fine doe or deer of any description stands in front of them. 
Yet this was almost invariably done. * * * From data collected I am 
satisfied that the number of bucks killed last year did not exceed one 
fourth of the number of deer killed during the fall of 1906, and wouid 
not exceed two-thirds of the number of bucks killed during that season. 
* * * The great majority of the deer hunters I have met last fall, both 
during the season and since that time, although frequently disap- 
pointed in not securing a deer, expressed themselves as satisfied with 
the law. The feeling of personal security surrounding each one appar- 
ently far outweighed any pleasure they might have derived through the 
killing of deer. * * * i noticed that, almost without exception, the 
opponents of this law were men who did not realize the value of this 
act as a preserver of human life, or a man whose sole desire was to kill, 
no matter what the result might be to others. * * * The number of 
deer killed in this Commonwealth during 1906 was in the neighbour- 
hood of 800. Of this number, perhaps 350 were bucks and the remain- 
ing 450 were does. From positive reports received from several coun- 
ties not more than 200 bucks were killed last year, or at least dur- 
ing the past season, throughout the entire state, and I believe I am 



354 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

within bounds when I say that not more than thirty does will be 
found to have lost their lives. * * * if these figures are correct, 
and the same ratio of killing was followed as last year, we have 
spared to us about 150 bucks and about 420 does, or 570 deer in all. 
The majority of does give birth to two fawns, so that I think an esti- 
mate of one and one-half fawns to a doe for this year would be fair 
and reasonable. Six hundred and thirty fawns, added to 420 does 
and 150 bucks, will give us 1,200 deer to start with this fall that we 
would not have had under the old law. This seems to be a good show- 
ing, and one that would justify a continuance of this law, were its 
sole and only object to preserve and increase our deer; but as the 
chief purpose of this act was the preservation of human life and 
limb, this addition to deer life in the state is only incidental. Still 
it means much." 

The State Fish and Game Commissioner of Vermont, in his 190S 
report, writes: 

'^ The prime reason for the rapid increase undoubtedly has been 
in the protection of does, allowing deer with horns to be taken only. 
It is also known to the Commissioner in several instances where the 
hunter's life has been in jeopardy, but saved through the caution of 
other hunters waiting to see if what they supposed to be a deer had 
antlers, when to their surprise another hunter came into view. For 
thisi one reason the law is a protection to human life. Eight out of 
ten illegally shot, or killed by dogs, are does." 

The State Game and Fish Commissioner of Alabama, in his First 
Biennial Report of 1907-8, writes: 

" The provision of the game law limiting the killing of deer to 
bucks only has had a most salutary effect on the efforts of the state 
to save these beautiful and valuable animals from extermination." 

The State Game and Fish Commissioner of Colorado, in his Bien- 
nial Report for 1907-8, writes: 

" The law existing immediately prior to the passage of our pres- 
ent law forbade the killing of any deer, except that each person could 
kill one deer with horns. That excluded the killing of fawns of either 
sex, and the killing of does. This afforded the deer an opportunity 
to increase in their natural way, and during the years that law was m 
existence a marked increase was noticed, practically all over the state, 
where deer are found; but under our present law, taking into consid- 
eration the loss of fawns, because of the killing and crippling of the 
mother, and the separating of the fawns from the does, leaving the 
former in the deep snows of the mountains, and the consequent 
exposure to all the natural enemies of its kind, I believe I am safe in 
saying that by far a larger per cent, of the does and fawns were lost 
to the state than of bucks. This tends more than anything else to^ 
the extermination of the deer. In order to increase the deer, the does- 
must bf protected first, in order that they may bear increase, and the 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 355 

increase must likewise be protected until it can be given a chance tc 
mature and produce more of its kind.-' 

The above quotations, in the opinion of your Commissioner, cons 
stitute succinct and convincing testimony to the efficacy of such a mea- 
sure, both from the point of view of conserving the deer, if not of 
obtaining an actual increase in their numbers, and as a protection tc 
human life and limb, and render it unnecessary for him to make any 
further remarks on this subject. 

Attention has been called to the demand from cities and towns, 
whose inhabitants often cannot spare the time to go into the wood? 
themselves to kill a deer, for game food, and in Ontario the demand 
for deer meat is so great that in many of the smaller towns and vil 
lages the butchers handle very little other meat at all during the sea 
son in which deer meat can be legitimately sold. This demand obvi- 
ously produces the market hunter, and in addition, also, encourages 
mam' a man to go into the woods after deer who would not do so 
unless he were assured of recouping himself for his time and trouble 
It is plain, therefore, that the prohibition of the sale of venison conslJ 
tutes almost as powerful a protective weapon in the hands of the Gov 
ernment as would the enforcement of a close season all the year round 
and at the same time bears less hardly, not only on the hunters, but 
also on the general public who enjoy their venison steak and chop, 
though, of course, even such a measure as this should not be enforced 
longer than absolutely necessary, as the policy of the Government 
should always be to give to the general mass of the public every oppor 
tunity of enjoying the natural food resources of the Province. 

In regard to the period of the open season, there would seem to bf 
y pretty general opinion abroad that the dates have been fixed too 
early, and that throughout a very considerable portion of the Province 
I lie meat of the deer is in consequence often wasted, owing to putre 
faction before it can be removed. The climatic conditions of the acces- 
sible portions of the Province are, broadly speaking, such that no con 
siderable quantity of snow need be anticipated in an average Novem- 
ber, or weather sufficiently and continuously cold as to prevent the 
melting of the snow, should it fall, under the rays of the sun. The 
temperature, however, is as a rule markedly lower at the end of the 
month of November than at the beginning. Consequently it would 
.seem that if the season fell fifteen days later in the year there would 
not be much risk of snow tracks assisting the hunter, whilst, not only 
would the deer meat be less likely to spoil before being removed from 
the woods, but also the later season will make, or at least threaten tc 
make, things harder for the sportsman, and, as Dr. Hornaday remarked 
to your Commissioner when discussing this point: 

" Anything which accomplishes this, tends towards the preserve 
tion of the species." 



356 ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 

Your Commissioner would, therefore, most strongly recommend 
that: 

1. The open season for deer be fixed from November 15tli to 
November 30tli in each year, both days inclusive. 

2. The bag limit for each hunter during each open season be fixed 
at " one horned deer." 

3. The penalty for exceeding the bag limit, or for killing a doe or 
fawn, be not less than |25.00 or more than $100.00. 

Small Game, 

The object of protection is primarily to perpetuate existing and 
indigenous species of game, for the extinction of any species is recog- 
nized to be a direct economic loss to the community. In particular 
cases, also, protection may occasionally be used to allow the firm estab- 
lishment and acclimatization of a newly introduced species. In no 
case is the object of protection to deprive the public of the advantages 
of its natural resources in fish and game as a source of food supply. 

Restrictions on the sale of game, though frequently necessary for 
the preservation of a species, are almost invariably unpopular with 
the majority of the public, for game is a highly esteemed table deli- 
cacy, for which no satisfactory substitute has ever been discovered, 
pleasing, indeed, to the palate of rich and poor alike, and, while every- 
one eats, it is the minority only who can be expected to appreciate and 
view the diminishing numbers of any particular variety with alarm, 
and with sufficient unselfishness to be willing to sacrifice their epi- 
curean or sporting proclivities for the good of future generations. 

Many varieties of game retain to a great extent their character- 
istics of hide, fur, or plumage under varying climatic conditions, so 
that in legislating for the protection of any individual species, it was 
found necessary to forbid trade in that species in any shape or form 
during the closed season, in order to make that closed season really 
effective, for there was usually no practical means of distinguishing 
the imported from the native variety, and, if the former were on the 
market, no amount of legislation could prevent the latter appearing 
there also. 

The principle is most undoubtedly sound, and not only for the 
above reason, but because, also, the onward march of conditions lead- 
ing to the necessity for protection is very similar always in contiguous 
provinces and states, and the closing of the markets in all is a surer 
guarantee of protection than any measure each, individually and alone, 
could ever have devised, for it removes the possibility of trade on a 
large scale at a profit. 

Where, however, no inter-provincial or inter-state affiliation of in- 
terests need be considered, and where the importation for sale of a 
species from a foreign country, to which no harm will be done by 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 3Vr 

siuli importation, will mean the placing- of a certain variety on the 
market at such a price as not to tempt the local market hunter to 
slaughter the indigenous species in competition, or where there is 
convincing evidence that such importation will not affect the demand 
for the indigenous animal, it would seem that the principle of the pro- 
hibition of the sale of that particular species during the closed season 
could be safelv and advantageously departed from. Certain classes Ci. 
game lend themselves readily to domestic raising and in some of the 
states of the Union the raising of game in captivity has already been 
placed on a profitable commercial basis, thus creating a new industry, 
and affording a variety in food to the people at a reasonable price, 
both highly desirable objectives from an economic point of view. Legis- 
lation to allow for the sale all the year round of game thus raised has 
not as yet been perfected, and requires considerable elaboration of 
machinery, in order to be feasible under existing protective laws, so 
that, outside of drawing to Your Honour's attention this new industry, 
and its economic value, and the advisability of preparing for its intro- 
duction into this Province, your Commissioner will not in this interim 
report deal with the question of game farms, but will confine himself 
to a discussion as to the advisability of allowing the importation aud 
gale of two particular species, the pheasant and the rabbit. 

The pheasant, which has been introduced into portions of Southern 
Ontario, is undoubtedly a very fine game bird, and, in addition, though 
perhaps not quite so toothsome a delicacy as the native partridge, 
none the less much prized for its edible qualities. Under protection 
it may be said to have thrived in the districts in which it has been 
introduced, but, owing to the severity of the winter, and its constitu- 
tional and physical pecularities, it can never be expected to adapt 
itself to the greater portion of the Province, or to live and multiply 
therein in a wild state. 

In England thousands of these birds are raised under domestic 
conditions, and on attaining maturity, are released in the woods to 
furnish sport, and, subsequently, a market commodity, which, though 
comparatively expensive, is nevertheless within the means of a great 
portion of the public, largely, indeed, filling the general demand for 
game above referred to. 

To take advantage of the English market, during the English open 
season, would seem to afford a means of satisfying the demand for 
game at a reasonable price in this Province, without in the least hurt- 
ing the interests of those residents of Ontario on whose properties 
pheasants are to be found, and without offence to the principle of inter- 
state co-operation, for the price at which they could be placed on th'i 
market would hardly allure the poacher to devote time and trouble 
to securing the local bird at the risk of incurring the penalties of the 
law, but, none the less, would, if an open season were allowed, permit 
those on whose properties pheasants were to lease their shooting if 



358 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

advantage, or, if tliey preferred to shoot themselves, afford them a 
ready market for their birds, sufficiently remunerative to arouse their 
continued interest in the maintenance of the birds on their properties, 
and yet not sufficiently profitable to incite avaricious cupidity to 
slaughter every possible specimen for the sake of immediate gain. 

Tlie cotton-tail rabbit, indigenous to the Province, is, your Com- 
missioner presumes, protected under that section of the Game Act deal- 
ing with hares, and consequently the sale of rabbits is debarred in 
Ontario during the greater portion of the year. In England the rabbit 
is practically a staple food, exceedingly cheap and much relished by 
the masses, affording, as it does, a tasty and wholesome dish, and it 
is safe to assume that very many old-country men, now residents in 
Ontario, would gladly welcome and support a market of reasonably 
priced rabbits all the year round, and that their example would be fol- 
lowed by other sections of the community. 

In Australia, as is well known, the rabbit is a pest, and conse- 
quently cheap, and your Commissioner has learned that it is possible 
to import these animals, frozen and in their skins, and place them on 
the market here at a figure not greatly in excess of that of the indige- 
nous cotton-tail. The Wm. Davies Company of Toronto have already 
placed a shipment of these rabbits on the market, with considerable 
success, selling them at 75 cents per pair, dressed, as compared with 
tlie average price of the cotton-tail, 50 cents per pair. 

In this Province the indigenous cotton-tail is apparently not much 
j'elished as a food, and, judging by its price on the New York and Chi- 
cago markets, some 22 cents i)er pair, it is not very much esteemed by 
our neighbours to the south. The chief reason for *this would appear 
to lie in the fact that its flesh is somewhat hard and bitter to the 
taste. The English or Australian rabbit, however, possesses a flesh 
more akin to that of veal in appearance, and is, in addition, sweet and 
slightly gamey to the taste. While this rabbit is a grazer, the cotton- 
tail is a broAvser, and moreover, owing to its habits of retiring into the 
swamps and rough lands in the summer months, comparatively safe 
from the pot-hunter, during a great portion of the year. In appear- 
-ance the two varieties are comparatively easy of distinction, and it may 
also be noted that, while the skin of the Australian rabbit is tough 
and can easily be removed whole, this is not the case with the indige- 
nous cotton-tail, whose hide is much more brittle. 

The rabbit is a prolific breeder, whose only known use in nature 
is to serve as a food for certain carniverous animals and birds. It is, 
however, accepted by the best authorities to be unwise on general 
grounds to run the risk of upsetting the balance of nature by the exter- 
mination of any particular species, even though its uses to man may 
not be apparent, for the reason that no one can foresee the result of 
such extermination. The habits of the cotton-tail, however, as has been 
pointed out, are such as to largely eliminate this risk, and so, although 



ONTARIO GAME AND FISHERIES COMMISSION 35D 

the imported Australian rabbit Avoiikl actually be fetching on the 
market a higher price than the indigenous rabbit, it would seem that the 
advantage of securing a reasonabl}^ cheap, wholesome and constant 
game food for the people outweighs the consideration of any prob- 
lematical risk to the existence of the local variety, especially in view 
of the facts that the importation of the Australian rabbit would in 
no way be violating the principle of inter-state co-operation, and that 
the marked difference in flavour would in itself be a potent factor in 
the prevention of the substitution of tlie local variety. 

As a game food, the price of 75 cents per pair, dressed, averaging 
5 to 6 lbs., is not excessive, but it may be noted that, if the trade in rab- 
bits grew to large enough proportions to warrant the purchasing of 
great quantities in Australia, and their importation via British Colum- 
bia, instead of as at present purchasing from the wholesale market in 
London, England, the price would, in all probability, be considerably 
reduced. 

Your Commissioner is pleased to report that on all sides 
there is evidence that the closed season of two years has had its bene- 
ficial effect, and that the finest native game bird of the Province, the 
Canadian partridge (ruffed grouse), is distinctly on the increase, so 
much so, indeed, as to justify the proclaiming of an open season in 
the fall of the present year. This bird, prized alike for its sporting and 
edible qualities, is fortunately distributed over almost every section of 
the Province. Unlike the pheasant, it does not lend itself readily co 
domestic rearing, and consequently its price remains high in ail coun- 
tries, so that there exists no reason or inducement to encourage its 
importation for market purposes, or to sanction the sale of the imported 
bird during the close season. 

In the past the open season for this bird has been from September 
15th to December 15th. It would appear that the opening of the sea- 
son, however, fell too early, for the reason that as a rule the coveys 
remain packed until the weather begins to turn cold, and are disinclined 
to take to wing, and in consequence the destruction of an entire covey 
Is frequently an easy matter. That, if there be an open season for part- 
ridge, the deer hunter should be entitled to profit by it, would seem to 
be reasonable, for his bag of deer is limited, and the partridge would 
provide him an alternative sport to compensate for his outlay, besides 
being a most welcome addition to the camp menu. Many persons, how- 
ever, who like to hunt the partridge, from motives of personal security, 
prefer not to venture into the woods when the deer hunters are afoot, 
and the convenience of these sportsmen also must be considered in decid- 
ing on suitable dates for an open season, although in framing dates 
for an open season on different classes of game the broad principle 
of making them as far as possible coincident should never be lost sight 
of, for, when the hunter is in the woods after one class of game within 
the provisions of the law, the lives of other classes cannot but be in 



360 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

jeopardy, for the temptation is obviously great, and frail human nature 
is but all too likely to succumb to its allurements. Hence, in consider- 
ing the question of a suitable open season for partridge, a reasonable 
medium would appear to be attained by fixing the dates from October 
15th to November 30th. 

Your Commissioner would, therefore, recommend that: 

1. An experimental open season be declared for cock pheasants in 
Ontario from October 15th to November 15th for the current year, both 
days inclusive, and that their sale be permitted during this open season, 
and for one month thereafter. 

2. The importation of English or European pheasants, in bond 
through Atlantic seaports, be permitted during the open season in 
England, and that the sale of same be declared legal during the English 
open season, and for one month thereafter. 

3. It be declared lawful to import Australian rabbits, frozen and 
in their skins, in bond through Atlantic and Pacific ports, and to sell 
them in the Province of Ontario throughout the year. 

4. An open season for partridge be declared for the current year 
from October 15th to November 30th, both days inclusive. 

Resident Hunting License. 

Among the many causes which have worked for the protection of 
game and birds on this continent one of the most powerful has been 
the gradual arousing of the people to the value of human life. The 
opening up of its vast areas was onl}' accomplished by the adoption 
oi a policy which courted immigration, and which resulted in the arri- 
val of thousands upon thousands of aliens, of all nationalities and 
classes, to spread over the land. Vast numbers of these immigrants 
belonged to the fier^-tempered peoples of Southern and Eastern Europe, 
accustomed in their oAvn countries to the vendetta, the secret societies, 
and the family feud, and consequently bred and reared in the belief 
that each male, at least, should carry with him always the wherewithal 
to slay. The settler inhabitants of the land, living in the more or less 
secluded loneliness of the great wilds, dependent to a certain extent on 
the game resources of the district for their food, and with the recollec- 
tions; and traditions of Indian forays still fresh in their minds, naturally 
enough were practically all provided with firearms, and the wave of alien 
immigration unfortunately but confirmed them in the advisability of such 
precaution. Consequently at one time, outside of the big cities, every 
man was armed. The possession of a firearm is a direct incentive to 
shoot, if only for practice, so that, with the incomiug of the immigra- 
tion wave, there swept over the continent also a tempest of ruthless 
slaughter, not only of the big game and game birds, but of every living 
creature that could run or fly. 

Demand will always create supply, so that, naturally enough, a 
great interest developed in the manufacture and sale of firearms, spread- 



ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 



mi 



CREAM 



Spreads Like Butter 

You can buy twice the quantity of Ingersoll Cream 
Cheese in blocks for the same money as you would re- 
ceive in jar cheese, besides there is just as much difference 
in the quality in favor of Ingersoll Cream Cheese as 
there is in the price. 

Never becomes Hard. Every particle can be consumed. 

SOLD ONLY IN 15c AND 25c BLOCKS 
FOR SALE BY ALL GROCERS 

Manufactured by 

THE INGERSOLL 
PACKING CO., Limited 

Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada 



(w. 



We Outfit Catnping Parties 



There are several excellent canoe trips in Ontario, of which we 
can furnish serviceable charts, as well as providing the 

Provisions, Tents, Utensils, Blankets 
and General Camp Outfit. 

For upwards of a quarter of a century, it has been a special feature 
of our business to outfit Camping Parties, and we know the requirements 
thoroughly and invite enquiries. 



MICHIE & CO., Ltd. 

Established 1835. 7 King Street West, TORONTO, Canada 




362 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

ing its ramifications over tlu? whole couutrv, gatliering- into its net every 
hardware merchant on the continent, ready to resist tooth and nail 
attempts at legislation detrimental in the slightest degree to its trade 
interests. 

The universal possession of firearms, however, led not only to the 
indiscriminate slaughter of bird and beast, but, as was to be expected, 
to a terrible waste of human life, with the result that, as the popula- 
tion gradually increased, and news facilities grew greater, the 
folly of the sanctioning of the universal carrying of firearms dawned 
on a people just awakening to the value of human life. In spite of the 
efforts of tlie firearms interests, legislation was passed, restricting the 
carrying and possession of firearms, and thus one great step towards 
the protection of game and birds was taken, for there is no greater 
menace to the game and bird life of a district than the Italian or other 
Southern European, wandering over it armed with a gun, and no legis- 
lation more difiicult to introduce than that wliich antagonises an inter- 
est whose representatives are to be found in every town and village. 

The evolution of game protection has been traced in another sec- 
tion of this report, so that here it will suffice to note that accompany- 
ing an appreciation of the value of fish, game and birds, and of the fact 
of their rapid diminution in numbers, there developed an understand- 
ing by tlie people of the loss they themselves weve sustaining through 
the slaugiitering and depredations carried on by aliens and foreigners, 
and from this understanding grew the desire to protect the public 
property, and to exact some monetary compensation, at least, for that 
which was destroyed for the amusement or benefit of the alien or non- 
resident. The desire bore fruit in the imposition of alien and non-resi- 
dent hunting licenses. The advantages of such taxes, both as revenue 
producers and indirect protectors of game and birds, were so obvious 
that the principle spread rapidly over the whole continent. The collec- 
tion, however, of these taxes was no easy matter, for no game warden 
can be expected to know every resident of a state or province, and men 
cannot be obli'4<(] to jnodrcc ((-i tificates of ide"itificatiov and residence, 
except wdien (riled on ])y law to [.:oduce such identification in the fornj 
of a license. 

Consequ^utly, the imposition of the alien and non-resident licenses 
was directly responsible for the birth of the idea of a resident license, 
and this idea matured rapidly and assumed concrete shape, not only 
for the sake of assisting the administration of the non-resident and 
alien laws, but because of a growing conviction in the public mind 
that those who gain recreation and amusement from the protection of 
fish and game cannot fairly claim that an injustice is being done ^n 
asking them to pay for at least a portion of the protection afforded 
by the state to their favourite sport, an argument, indeed, which has 
been constantly advanced by persons of all classes to your Commis- 
sioner in the pursuit of his present enquiries. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



363 



Summer Uses For 


BOVRIL 


BOVEIL with any plain mineral water is an unequalled sum- 


mer drink. 


BOVEIL sandwiches for picnics, camp, or office lunch. 


BOVEIL bouillon for dinner or lunch. 


BOVEIL in soups, gravies or chowders. 


BOVEIL in any form is palatable and nourishing. 




Meats Take 
Precedence 

When preserved meats are 
needed for any purpose — 
fatiguing journeys, severe 
exercise, at home, on picnic 
occasions, camping parties, 
etc., CLARK'S ME4TS are 
naturally preferred to any 
others. 

They are the result of longer 
experience and better facil- 
ties combined, than any other 
meats in Canada. 
Clark's Pork and Beans 
nourish and please. 

Wm. Clark> Montreal 

Manufadurerof High-grade Food Specialticf 



3G4 ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 

111 the United States tlie policy of a resident Inintiiig- license has 
been adopted by one state after another, until to-day it is in force, in 
some sliape or form, in over thirty of the states of the Union, and it 
may also be noted that in the recent session of the Legislature of the 
Province of Saskatchewan the neAv schedule of licenses enacted includes 
a f^l.OO Bird License for residents of cities, towns and villai^es. 

In Ontario there exists to-day a resident license of $2.00 for the 
hunting of deer, but further than this the idea has not been carried. 

The danger to hnmaii life through the promiscuous carrying of fire- 
arms has already been referred to, and, although the enactment of a 
resident hunting license would not be so great a preventative of this 
evil as the imposition of a gun license, nevertheless it would undoubt- 
edly prove a powerful factor in that direction, while at the same time 
be less likely to arouse the active antagonism of the gun manufacturers 
and hardware merchants. The value of such a measure in the protec- 
tion of game and birds, the economic worth of which, as an attraction 
to tourists and as the farmers' best friends, has already been pointed 
out in a previous section of this report, would also plainly be enormous. 

The third great advantage of a resident hunting license is its revenue- 
producing qualities, which would enable the administrative and protective 
services of the Department of Game and Fisheries to be placed on a 
splendid footing, provided with an adequate equipment and with suffi- 
ciently paid and efficient subordinate, officers, and able financially to- 
undertake all necessary measures of conservation and propagation. An 
estimate of what such a license will produce can be formed from the 
information, based on the United States statistics, giver to your Co'.u- 
missioner by Dr. T, S. Palmer, of the United States Biological Survey 
at Washington, who deals particularly with returns of this nature, and 
who stated that the numbers paying the resident hunting license, in 
the different States in which it was in force, ranged from 4 to 10 per 
cent, of the population, running highest in those districts in which popu- 
lation was most evenly distributed, and least in the territories, where 
the bulk of the population was confined in great cities. 

This same authority, as an estimate of the possibilities in Ontario,, 
gave as his opinion that from 3 per cent, to 5 per cent, of the popu^a- 
tion could be expected to pay the fee, if such a license Avere imposed. 
This, on a basis of 2,000,000 souls to the Province, would mean a 
revenue of from |60,000.00 to |100,000.00. Your Commissioner realizes 
that to decide whether the bulk of the people is ready to favour such a 
tax, even though its advantages are so apparent, is a most difficuH mat- 
ter, but unhesitatingly states it as his opinion that any license, whether 
it were a Nepigon fishing license, a non-resident angler's tax, or even a 
hunting license, would be cheerfully paid by the majority of sportsmen, 
if the Government adopted a policy of devoting all the moneys so received 
entirely and directly to the protection of the fisheries, game and birds„ 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



365 



;^ 



'i 



/ 



■m 



"iA 






>^ 



V 






\& 



E. D. S. 

GRAPE JUICE 

the product of Fresh, Ripe, Con- 
cord Grapes, grown in greatest 
grape growing section in the 
world 

as well as 

E.D.S. MARMALADE, JAMS, 

JELLIES ard delicious 

TOMATO CATSUP 

are by reason of MERIT con- 
stantly growing in favor with 
the public, especially LOVERS 
OF OUTDOOR LIFE. This fact 
is most conclusively shown by 
constant increase in demand for 
E. D. S. goods. 

Mfd. only by 

E. D. SMITH 

WINONA, ONT. 



it 



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^•>s 



joiffSj 



[^i 



3UCi ROD AND GUX IX CANADA 

Many of the states of the Union who have adopted such a license, 
following the I'^rench system, exempt landowners from its operation, 
and your Commissioner is decidedly of the opinion that, in the enact- 
ment of such a measure in this Province, it would be advisable to exempt 
both the farmer and the settler on their own lands and adjacent waters, 
for to afford them this privilege over the rest of the community is to 
take the lirst step in their education as to the economic possibilities 
of game and birds, and these are most essentially the classes whom it 
is imperative to educate in this direction. Naturally, also, as such a 
license would be a hunting and not a gun license, it would in no way 
be operative against those who engaged solely in trap or target shoot- 
ing. 

That the state has sovereign right over the game within its borders 
has been established in law, and it would therefore seem not to be 
unreasonable for the state to impose a charge on those of its com- 
munity who profit at the public expense, whether it be by big game or 
small, by four-footed creatures or by those that fly, even though by rea- 
son of their scarcity the charge for hunting certain species might have 
to be placed at a higher figure than others, providing always that the 
purchase of the more expensive license, even though for a limited period, 
would carry with it all the privileges obtained by the purchase of the 
less expensive license. That such a license is beneficial as a deterrent 
to the promiscuous carrying of firearms, and as a protection to fish 
and game, your Commissioner has tried to, show ; that it would bo a 
great revenue producer is undeniable, and, in conclusion, your Commis- 
sioner would point out that, though considerable opposition should be 
expected from the firearms interests, and from certain sections of the 
community, who, humanlike, desire to continue getting for nothing 
that for which they are not called upon to pay to-day, this revenue, if 
applied to conservation and propagation measures, would act directly 
in the best interests of both classes, for the increased protection would 
mean more plentiful game, to gladden the heart and provide sport for 
the genuine si)ortsman, and to attract in ever-increasing numbers the 
sportsman tourist, whose purchases of guns, ammunition and other 
similar supplies would swell the receipts of the hardware merchants. 

Your Commissioner would, therefore, recommend that : 

A resident hunting license of |1.10 (the 10 cents going to Ihe 
officials or persons entrusted with the issuance of the licenses) be 
enacted for the privilege of hunting game or game birds of all descrip- 
tions not specifically provided for under the present Game Act, but that 
bona fide farmers and settlers be exempt from the operation of such a 
license, in so far as their own lands, or waters contiguous to same, are 
concerned; and that the purchase of a hunting license for any special 
animal or animals, if such license be of greater value than .?1.10. carrv 
with it all the privileges extended through the ?1.10 license. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



36^ 



In the Good Old 
Summer Time 

Yachting. Rowing. 
Fishing. Canoeing. 
On the Steamer. 
In the Auto. 
Camping. 

Nothing adds more to your 
enjoyment than a good supply 

Van Home Cigars 

Harris, Harkness & Co., Makers, Montreal, Que. 



K^ 


"^^ 




Jm- 




■H 


■P^- 






"^^H 




X '.-/f ,>• 


' ..:'.u!^Hi 


K i 


ii^ 


1^ ; -' 




b 


^^^Hj^ 


IHb^^' 


B 






1 ^..m^ 


■■-• ->.-';Ai;^V-v'iS!-i5f .^^- 'J'-y^-^ ■ 





GOOD HEALTH ! 
DRINK 

BROMO MINERAL 



The well known morning bracer. 
Sweetens a sour stomach. 

Sold at all Hotels in Canada 



ALSO DEALERS 
IN ALL KINDS OF 



HOTEL GLASSWARE 



AND 



HOTEL SUPPLIES. 



BROMO MINERAL CO., 

8< Ckarch Sb«et. Toronto, Ont. 




>? 



have been on the market for over 
fifty years and are known from At- 
lantic to Pacific for their uniform 
excellent quality. 

If your grocer does not keep 
these in his stock, write us direct. 
Made under Government Inspection. 

F. W. Fearman Co., Ltd. 

Hamilton, Ontario 



368 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Ling. 

Attention has recently been called in the newspapers to the high 
cost of food, and without entering into a discussion of this most vexed 
problem it can be stated broadly that in adopting measures that will 
provide cheap food for the masses a Government is acting in the best 
interests of the community. 

Owing to the non-promulgation of the International Fisheries 
Treaty your Commissioner lias decided not to include in this interim 
report the result of his enquiries under this head as regards lish in gen- 
eral, for the reason tliat the terms of the treaty may fairly be expected 
to materially alter existing conditions. He is pleased, however, to be 
able to report that, through his instrumentality, an experiment is now 
being made to provide a really cheap and palatable fish food in the 
shape of ling. The burbot, or ling, is our only fresh -water representa- 
tive of the cod family. It is a highly predaceous fish, very destructive 
to other fish life, and, as will be seen from the Report of the Depart- 
ment of Game and Fisheries for 1908, increasing rapidly in the waters 
of the Rideau Lake System. 

On investigation your Commissioner discovered that the flesh of 
this fish is eaten in many localities, and in some, indeed, is esteemed a 
delicacy', and in view, therefore, of the fact that the catch of ling by 
the Government officers on the Rideau Lake System was being given to 
the farmers to feed to their pigs, your- Commissioner entered into negu- 
liations w^ith the Department of Game and Fisheries, and the William 
Davies Co., with the result that the Compau}^ undertook to purchase a 
certain quantity of this fish from the Government at one and a half cents 
per pound, and to place them on the market at a price not exceeding 
six cents per pound. The first consignment is already on the market 
at a price of five cents per pound, and the William Davies Company 
reports that the experiment is succeeding as well as could be expected, 
and that already some second orders for this fish have been received 
from those who have tried it. In this way your Commissioner hopes 
that he has succeeded in opening a new channel of cheap food, but he 
would point out that in the lakes where the ling abound there arc also 
to be found the bass, the pickerel and other sporting fish, which attract 
the angler, and that the removal of the ling was undertaken by the 
Department of Game and Fisheries entirely on its own initiative, as a 
measure calculated to increase the numbers of the sporting fish in 
these waters. 

To allow the Government officers to remov(> these harmful fish 
during the winter months when their duties are light seems -eminently 
desirable, and even profitable, if a reasonable market can be established 
for the ling, but to lease such fishing to commercial fishermen, or to 
allow others to engage in it, would, in the opinion of your Commis- 
sioner, be a very grave mistake, as it would be admitting to these con- 
fined waters the thin edge of the wedge of general commercial fishing. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



3'69 




The club 

are the original bottled Cocktails. 
Years of experience have made 
them THE PERFECT COCKTAILS 
that they are. Do not be lured 
Into buying some imitation. The 
ORIQINAL of anything is good 
enough. When others are offered 
It is for the purpose of larger prof- 
its. Insist upon having the CLUB 
COCKTAILS, and talce no other. 

G. F. HEUBLEIN & BRO., Sole Proprietort 

99 Broadway, New York, N. Yo 

HLka'STORD, Conn. Lomtdon 



It's Pure—That's Sure 




Manufactured and 
Guaranteed by 

British Subjects 



Aylmer Condensed Milk Co. 

UMITED 
Aylmer, Ontario, Canada 



The Ideal Beverage 




(LONDON) 



A Pale Ale, palatable, full 
of the virtues of malt and 
hops, and in sparkling con- 
dition, is the ideal beverage. 



Now when chemists announce 
its purity, and judges its merit, 
one need look no further. 




Cups 

Medals 

Trophies 



Clubs wiJl be studying their best 
interests by writing us for prices; 
also everything in the line of 
Jewelry. 

JAS. D. BAILEY, LTD. 

YONGE ST.'ARCADE, TORONTO, ONT. 



370 ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 

Revenue and Expendituue. 

The question of conservation of the natural resources of the Prov- 
ince is vital to the present, but more especially to the future, prosperity 
of the community, and in consequence legislation dealing with it should 
be framed on the broadest possible lines, comprehending alike the con- 
ditions of to-day and the economic possibilities of years to come. If 
the conception of a policy is correct, and its broad general lines be 
adhered to, the detnils can be filled in. amplified and perfected as oppor- 
tunity permits, and, even if a mistake in one of them should be made, 
it will in no wise endanger the whole fabric. In pursuing his enquiry 
and framing his recommendations, your Commissioner has had these 
principles ever before him. 

In this interim report he has endeavoured to show the magnitude 
of the issues at stake in the conservation of game, game fish, and fish- 
eries, alike as a source of wealth to the community, through the upbuild- 
ing of a great sportsman-tourist traffic, as for their intrinsic value as 
a source of food supply, not only in support of the measures he recom- 
mends, but because he felt that in the past comprehension of the vast 
scope of this problem has been somewhat limited in perspective and 
vague. In approaching each question, however, not only has he had in 
mind the necessity for a wid'j range of view, but also the fact that the 
public welfare demands expenditures in many directions, and that the 
public purse is limited. . • 

The base, therefore, on which his plan has been built is that in view 
of the present and future economic possibilities inherent in the fish- 
eries, the game fish and the game of tlie Province, the full income 
derived fr